241 results match your criteria Annals Of The Entomological Society Of America[Journal]

Linking the Morphology of Sternal Glands to Rubbing Behavior by (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) Workers During Recruitment for Group Predation.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2022 Mar 18;115(2):202-216. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Zoological Institute, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

The activities of social insect colonies are supported by exocrine glands and the tremendous functional diversity of the compounds that they secrete. Many social wasps in the subfamilies Vespinae and Polistinae have two sternal glands-the van der Vecht and Richards' glands-that vary in their features and function across the species in which they are found. Field observations suggest that giant hornets use secretions from the van der Vecht gland to chemically mark targeted nests when workers initiate group attacks on social insect prey. Read More

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The Role of Experiments in Monarch Butterfly Conservation: A Review of Recent Studies and Approaches.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2022 Jan 25;115(1):10-24. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Monarch butterflies () (Lepidoptera Danaidae Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus)) are an iconic species of conservation concern due to declines in the overwintering colonies over the past twenty years. Because of this downward trend in overwintering numbers in both California and Mexico, monarchs are currently considered 'warranted-but-precluded' for listing under the Endangered Species Act. Monarchs have a fascinating life history and have become a model system in chemical ecology, migration biology, and host-parasite interactions, but many aspects of monarch biology important for informing conservation practices remain unresolved. Read More

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January 2022

Arthropods and Fire Within the Biologically Diverse Longleaf Pine Ecosystem.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2022 Jan 24;115(1):69-94. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

The Jones Center at Ichauway, Newton, GA, USA.

The longleaf pine Miller (Pinales: Pinaceae) ecosystem once covered as many as 37 million hectares across the southeastern United States. Through fire suppression, development, and conversion to other plantation pines, this coverage has dwindled to fewer than 2 million hectares. A recent focus on the restoration of this ecosystem has revealed its complex and biologically diverse nature. Read More

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January 2022

The Loss of Sociality Is Accompanied by Reduced Neural Investment in Mushroom Body Volume in the Sweat Bee (Hymenoptera: Halictidae).

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Sep 8;114(5):637-642. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

Department of Biological Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Social behavior has been predicted to select for increased neural investment (the social brain hypothesis) and also to select for decreased neural investment (the distributed cognition hypothesis). Here, we use two related bees, the social (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) and the related (Say), which has lost social behavior, to test the contrasting predictions of these two hypotheses in these taxa. We measured the volumes of the mushroom body (MB) calyces, a brain area shown to be important for cognition in previous studies, as well as the optic lobes and antennal lobes. Read More

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September 2021

Heritable Cognitive Phenotypes Influence Appetitive Learning but not Extinction in Honey Bees.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Sep 5;114(5):606-613. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Biological Sciences, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Learning and attention allow animals to better navigate complex environments. While foraging, honey bees ( L.) learn several aspects of their foraging environment, such as color and odor of flowers, which likely begins to happen before they evaluate the quality of the food. Read More

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September 2021

The Role of Colony Temperature in the Entrainment of Circadian Rhythms of Honey Bee Foragers.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Sep 26;114(5):596-605. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras Campus, San Juan, PR, USA.

Honey bees utilize their circadian rhythms to accurately predict the time of day. This ability allows foragers to remember the specific timing of food availability and its location for several days. Previous studies have provided strong evidence toward light/dark cycles being the primary Zeitgeber for honey bees. Read More

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September 2021

Movement, Encounter Rate, and Collective Behavior in Ant Colonies.

Deborah M Gordon

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Sep 12;114(5):541-546. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

Spatial patterns of movement regulate many aspects of social insect behavior, because how workers move around, and how many are there, determines how often they meet and interact. Interactions are usually olfactory; for example, in ants, by means of antennal contact in which one worker assesses the cuticular hydrocarbons of another. Encounter rates may be a simple outcome of local density: a worker experiences more encounters, the more other workers there are around it. Read More

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September 2021

Corrigendum to: Can Biological Control Overcome the Threat From Newly Invasive Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle Populations (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)? A Review.


Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Jul 3;114(4):538-539. Epub 2021 May 3.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/aesa/saaa057.][This corrects the article DOI: 10. Read More

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Human-Mosquito Contact: A Missing Link in Our Understanding of Mosquito-Borne Disease Transmission Dynamics.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Jul 10;114(4):397-414. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Microbiology, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA.

Despite the critical role that contact between hosts and vectors, through vector bites, plays in driving vector-borne disease (VBD) transmission, transmission risk is primarily studied through the lens of vector density and overlooks host-vector contact dynamics. This review article synthesizes current knowledge of host-vector contact with an emphasis on mosquito bites. It provides a framework including biological and mathematical definitions of host-mosquito contact rate, blood-feeding rate, and per capita biting rates. Read More

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Can Biological Control Overcome the Threat From Newly Invasive Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle Populations (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)? A Review.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Mar 3;114(2):247-256. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

AgResearch Limited, Lincoln Research Centre, Christchurch, New Zealand.

The coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB: Linnaeus) is one of the most damaging pests to coconut and oil palms in Asia and the Pacific Islands. Adults bore into the crown and damage developing fronds, which affects tree development and yield. The insect is native to South and Southeast Asia and was inadvertently introduced into the Pacific in 1909. Read More

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Interactions Among Native and Non-Native Predatory Coccinellidae Influence Biological Control and Biodiversity.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2021 Mar 22;114(2):119-136. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Over the past 30 yr, multiple species of predatory Coccinellidae, prominently L. and (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) have spread to new continents, influencing biodiversity and biological control. Here we review the mechanisms underlying these ecological interactions, focusing on multi-year field studies of native and non-native coccinellids and those using molecular and quantitative ecological methods. Read More

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Questing by Tick Larvae (Acari: Ixodidae): A Review of the Influences That Affect Off-Host Survival.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2020 Nov 22;113(6):425-438. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Biology, University of Texas Rio-Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX.

Questing is a host-seeking behavior in which ticks ascend plants, extend their front legs, and wait poised for a chance to attach to a passing host. Hard ticks are ectoparasites of terrestrial vertebrates and because some species vector disease, they are among the most medically important of arthropod pests. All ixodid ticks require blood to survive and reproduce with the number of blood-hosts needed to complete their life cycle varying among species. Read More

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November 2020

Evaluating Effects of a Critical Micronutrient (24-Methylenecholesterol) on Honey Bee Physiology.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2020 May 6;113(3):176-182. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

Although poor nutrition is cited as one of the crucial factors in global pollinator decline, the requirements and role of several important nutrients (especially micronutrients) in honey bees are not well understood. Micronutrients, viz. phytosterols, play a physiologically vital role in insects as precursors of important molting hormones and building blocks of cellular membranes. Read More

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Insect Food Products in the Western World: Assessing the Potential of a New 'Green' Market.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2019 Nov 11;112(6):518-528. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, The Weeks Building, London, United Kingdom.

Although two billion people already eat insects in the world and the benefits of edible insects are well known, these 'green' sources of protein are neither treated as conventional food products nor widely incorporated into Western diets. Using a school-based investigation surveying 161 children, aged 6-15, and 114 of their parents in London, and an online consumer survey with mainly British and French consumers ( = 1,020), this research provides insights into the potential of the insect market in the West. This work supports the idea that incorporating insect food into our diets makes not only environmental but also business sense. Read More

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November 2019

Heterogony in (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini) From Rearing Experiments and DNA Barcoding.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2019 Sep 30;112(5):482-489. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Biosystematics Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka, Japan.

Heterogony was confirmed in the cynipid genus Melika and Tang in rearing experiments with DNA barcoding. These experiments involved Tang and Melika, which was previously only described from the sexual generation adult. The first rearing experiment was conducted using unidentified asexual generation females collected from Blume, and gall formation by the sexual generation offspring was confirmed on folded or unfolded young leaves of . Read More

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September 2019

Twittering Pupae of Papilionid and Nymphalid Butterflies (Lepidoptera): Novel Structures and Sounds.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2018 Oct 23;111(6):341-354. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Forstzoologie und Entomologie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg i.Br., Germany.

Pupae of numerous Papilionidae and Nymphalidae produce twitter sounds when wriggling in response to mechanical stimulation. The structural basis comprises distinct pairs of sound-producing organs (SPOs) located at intersegmental membranes of the abdomen. They differ-as the twitters do-in sampled taxa of Papilioninae, Epicaliini, and Heliconiini. Read More

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October 2018

(Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) Rapidly Alters Production of Soldier Embryos in Response to Competition.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2017 Sep 18;110(5):501-505. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602

Most social insects are free living and produce castes that develop in response to extrinsic environmental cues. Caste-forming polyembryonic insects, in contrast, are all endoparasitoids that form social groups inside the bodies of host insects. The best studied polyembryonic wasp is (Ashmead), which produces ∼3,000 clonal offspring that develop into two castes named reproductive and soldier larvae. Read More

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September 2017

The Use of Social Media to Combat Research-Isolation.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2017 Sep 6;110(5):449-456. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Centre of Engineering Photonics, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK42 0AL, United Kingdom

Research-isolation is a common problem affecting many researchers who are disconnected from their research communities. It can be caused by a number of factors, including physical isolation, unfamiliar research topics, diversity, and the nature of the supervisory relationship. All of these aspects can have an impact on both work and the mental health of researchers. Read More

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September 2017

First Recorded Observations of Pollination and Oviposition Behavior in (Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae) Suggest a Functional Basis for Coevolution With Joshua Tree () Hosts.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2017 Jul 15;110(4):390-397. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

Department of Biology, Willamette University, 900 State St., Salem, Oregon, 97301 OR

Yucca moths ( spp.) are the exclusive pollinators of Joshua trees ( s. l. Read More

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Bee Fauna and Floral Abundance Within Lawn-Dominated Suburban Yards in Springfield, MA.

S B Lerman J Milam

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2016 Sep 3;109(5):713-723. Epub 2016 Aug 3.

Department of Environmental Conservation, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 160 Holdsworth Way, Amherst, MA 01003 ( ; ).

Private yards comprise a significant component of urban lands, with managed lawns representing the dominant land cover. Lawns blanket > 163,000 km of the United States, and 50% of urban and suburban areas. When not treated with herbicides, lawns have the capacity to support a diversity of spontaneous (e. Read More

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September 2016

Better Together: Association With ' Liberibacter Asiaticus' Increases the Reproductive Fitness of Its Insect Vector, (Hemiptera: Liviidae).

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2016 May 13;109(3):371-376. Epub 2016 Feb 13.

Department of Entomology and Nematology, Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL 33850 ( ; ), and.

The duration of the evolutionary association between a pathogen and vector can be inferred based on the strength of their mutualistic interactions. A well-adapted pathogen is likely to confer some benefit or, at a minimum, exhibit low pathogenicity toward its host vector. Coevolution of the two toward a mutually beneficial association appears to have occurred between the citrus greening disease pathogen, Liberibacter asiaticus (Las), and its insect vector, the Asian citrus psyllid, (Kuwayama). Read More

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The Effects of Interspecific Courtship on the Mating Success of and (Diptera: Culicidae) Males.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2015 Jul 5;108(4):513-518. Epub 2015 May 5.

Department of Entomology and Nematology, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, University of Florida, 200 9th Street S. E., Vero Beach, FL 32962.

Satyrization, a form of asymmetric reproductive interference, has recently been shown to play a role in competitive displacements of (L.) by (Skuse). Furthermore, female from populations in sympatry with have evolved reproductive character displacement and changes in mating behavior to reduce interspecific mating In this article, we examine evolutionary responses of males to interspecific mating and show that satyrization has also evoked reproductive character displacement in males. Read More

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Mosquitoes in Bromeliads at Ground Level of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: the Relationship Between Mosquito Fauna, Water Volume, and Plant Type.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2015 Jul 16;108(4):449-458. Epub 2015 May 16.

Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil, 4365, CEP 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Water accumulating in the axils of bromeliads provides habitat for numerous invertebrates, frequently among them, immature mosquitoes. To evaluate mosquito richness in bromeliads and the relationship between mosquito presence and biotic and abiotic variables, we performed a study in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mosquitoes of genus were the most abundant and varied in species richness, among which nine belonged to subgenus , () Lutz and Theobald being the most frequent species. Read More

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Effect of Crop Volume on Contraction Rate in Adult House Fly.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2014 Jul 1;107(4):848-852. Epub 2014 Jul 1.

Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 204A Fernald Hall, 270 Stockbridge Road, Amherst, MA 01003.

The functional aspects of the adult house fly crop have not been studied even though various human and domestic animal pathogens have been discovered within the crop lumen. The average volume consumed (midgut and crop) by flies starved for 24 h was 3.88 μl by feeding both sexes on a sucrose phosphate glutamate buffer. Read More

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Seasonal phenology of the cerambycid beetles of east-central Illinois.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2014 Jan;107(1):211-226

Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521.

We summarize field data on the species composition and seasonal phenology of the community of cerambycid beetles of east-central Illinois. Data were drawn from field bioassays conducted during 2009 - 2012 that tested attraction of adult beetles of diverse species to a variety of synthetic pheromones and host plant volatiles. A total of 34,086 beetles of 114 species were captured, including 48 species in the subfamily Cerambycinae, 41 species in the Lamiinae, 19 species in the Lepturinae, two species in the Spondylidinae, and one species each in the Necydalinae, Parandrinae, Prioninae, and the Disteniidae. Read More

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January 2014

, a New Genus of Noterini Thomson (Coleoptera: Noteridae) From South America With Three New Species and Its Phylogenetic Considerations.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2013 Jan;106(1):1-12

Department of Biology, Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico, MSC03 2020, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001.

A new genus of Noterini, Gómez and Miller gen. n., and three new species are described from South America: Gómez and Miller sp. Read More

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January 2013

Geographic Variation of Photoperiodic Diapause but Not Adult Survival or Reproduction of the Invasive Mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in North America.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2011 Nov;104(6):1309-1318

School of Biological Sciences, Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Section, Illinois State University, Normal, IL 61761-4120.

Climate differences across latitude can result in seasonal constraints and selection on life-history characters. Because Aedes albopictus (Skuse) invaded North America in the mid-1980s, it has spread across a range of ≈14° latitude and populations in the north experience complete adult mortality because of cold winter temperatures that are absent in the south. Life-table experiments were conducted to test for differences in the adult survival and reproductive schedules of Ae. Read More

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November 2011

Distributions of Competing Container Mosquitoes Depend on Detritus Types, Nutrient Ratios, and Food Availability.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2011 Jul;104(4):688-698

Illinois State University, School of Biological Sciences, Normal, IL 61790-4120.

Coexistence of competitors may result if resources are sufficiently abundant to render competition unimportant, or if species differ in resource requirements. Detritus type has been shown to affect interspecific competitive outcomes between Aedes albopictus (Skuse) and Aedes aegypti (L.) larvae under controlled conditions. Read More

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Arthropod Surveillance Programs: Basic Components, Strategies, and Analysis.

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2012 Mar;105(2):135-149

Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, USDA-ARS, Gainesville, EL.

Effective entomological surveillance planning stresses a careful consideration of methodology, trapping technologies, and analysis techniques. Herein, the basic principles and technological components of arthropod surveillance plans are described, as promoted in the symposium "Advancements in arthropod monitoring technology, techniques, and analysis" presented at the 58th annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America in San Diego, CA. Interdisciplinary examples of arthropod monitoring for urban, medical, and veterinary applications are reviewed. Read More

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Fine structure of the galeal styloconic sensilla of larval Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae).

Ann Entomol Soc Am 2009 Nov;102(6):1116-1125

Biological Sciences Department, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD, 21252.

Lepidopteran larvae possess two pairs of styloconic sensilla located on the maxillary galea. These sensilla, namely the lateral and medial styloconic sensilla, are each comprised of a smaller cone, which is inserted into a style. They are thought to play an important role in host-plant selection and are the main organs involved in feeding. Read More

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November 2009