183 results match your criteria Annals Of The American Academy Of Political And Social Science[Journal]


Migration, Mobility, and Neighborhood Attainment: Using the PSID to Understand the Processes of Racial Stratification.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):172-192. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

In this article we describe the considerable influence of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) on research on residential migration, mobility, and neighborhood attainment, as well as the role of PSID-based research in housing policy debates. We review some of the central research findings and key discoveries that have come from analyses that have used the PSID. We then present new research, using PSID data that are linked to geographic data, to demonstrate how geographic moves are associated with changes in neighborhood poverty rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218797981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6910251PMC
November 2018

Work Values in the United States: Age, Period, and Generational Differences.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2019 Mar 13;682(1):43-59. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Harvard University.

This article examines how processes of aging, generational shifts, and changes over historical time periods shape differences in work values in the United States. Our analyses of data from the General Social Surveys and the International Social Survey Program show that changes over historical time periods are most consistently responsible for temporal differences in work values. In particular, during recent periods Americans tend to place greater importance on jobs that provide security, high income and opportunities for advancement; this is consistent with a narrative that these job rewards have become more difficult to attain recently and are thus more problematic for workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218822291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6889078PMC

Intergenerational Mobility in the United States: What We Have Learned from the PSID.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):213-234. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Bhashkar Mazumder is a senior economist and research advisor in the economic research department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and the executive director of the Chicago Federal Statistical Research Data Center.

This article reviews the contributions of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to the study of intergenerational mobility. The PSID enables researchers to track individuals as they form new households and covers many dimensions of socioeconomic status over large portions of the life cycle, making the data ideal for studying intergenerational mobility. Studies have used PSID data to show that the United States is among the least economically mobile countries among advanced economies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218794129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820674PMC
November 2018

ADDRESSING RACIAL HEALTH DISPARITIES: LOOKING BACK TO POINT THE WAY FORWARD.

Authors:
Rucker C Johnson

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):132-171. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Professor of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley & NBER, Goldman School of Public Policy.

This article investigates the influence of family back-ground and neighborhood conditions during childhood on health later in life, with a focus on hypertension. To document the proportion of current adult racial health disparities rooted in early-life factors, I use nationally representative longitudinal data from the PSID spanning four decades. The results indicate that racial differences in early life neighborhood conditions and family background characteristics play a substantial role in explaining racial disparities in hypertension through at least age 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218799061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820678PMC
November 2018

The PSID and Income Volatility: Its Record of Seminal Research and Some New Findings.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):48-81. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

The Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) has made more contributions to the study of income volatility than any other dataset in the United States. Its record of providing data for seminal research is unmatched. In this article, we first present the reasons that the PSID has made such major contributions to research on the topic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218791766DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820686PMC
November 2018

Fifty Years of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics: Past, Present, and Future.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):9-28. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

University of Michigan.

The Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) is the world's longest running household panel survey. Beginning in 1968, it has collected data on the same families and their descendants, making it an essential part of America's data infrastructure for empirically based social science research. PSID arose from the War on Poverty as a tool for evaluating poverty dynamics, and this year marks 50 years of data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218809363DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820672PMC
November 2018

Contributions of Research based on the PSID Child Development Supplement.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):97-131. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

National University of Singapore.

The Child Development Supplement to the PSID (PSID-CDS) began in 1997 with a cohort of 2,394 households including 3,586 children. Since that auspicious start, three waves of the first cohort were collected - 1997, 2002-03, and 2007-08 - and a new cohort was interviewed in 2014. To date more than 400 journal articles, chapters, books, and dissertations that used the data have been collected in the PSID bibliography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218798308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6550474PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The PSID in Research and Policy.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):29-47. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

The Lee Rainwater Distinguished Professor of Public Affairs and Economics at the University of Wisconsin.

The PSID has remained a valuable vehicle for evidence-based policy research for decades and should remain so for many more. In this short review, I cover major policy-related strengths from PSID research in the areas of event history analysis; mobility and volatility; cross national comparisons; health and health insurance; mobility into and out of poverty; the effects of parental income on children; and the use of the child development sample to broaden the PSID policy focus in new and interesting ways. I also include the emerging study of longer term intergenerational patterns of mobility and transfer, including across three generations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218798802DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6553644PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Lifetime Disadvantages after Childhood Adversity: Health Problems Limiting Work and Shorter Life.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 Nov 14;680(1):259-277. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 9201 University City Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28223,

We examine how childhood adversity relates to work disability and life expectancy, using 1999-2015 data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We estimate the probabilities of work disability and death, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education in a nationally representative sample of African American, Hispanic, and white women and men. We find that people in all these groups who experienced high adversity childhoods (individuals with four or more of six adversity indicators) had significantly more work disability and shorter lives than those who experienced no adversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218795436DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6481962PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Education Outcomes of Immigrant Youth: The Role of Parental Engagement.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Nov 25;674(1):27-58. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Brown University.

Using the 2009-2012 waves of the High School Longitudinal Survey, this article examines the role of parental engagement on academic achievement in the United States. Specifically, we examine the influence of parental engagement while also investigating the academic trajectories of racial/ethnic and immigrant groups, controlling for other standard factors. Results suggest that the progression of students' academic performance varies substantially by race/ethnicity and by immigrant generational status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716217730009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226253PMC
November 2017
14 Reads

Counting America's First Peoples.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 May 25;677(1):180-190. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Sociology and Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota.

The descendants of the First Peoples of the Americas (labeled "American Indians and Alaska Natives" in the federal definition) are a particularly challenging group to count in censuses. In this review, I describe some enumeration issues and then outline what we have learned about American Indians and Alaska Natives from efforts that rely on individuals' answers to census questions on race, ancestry, ethnicity, and tribe. Those who do not report a tribe and those who change their race response from one census to another complicate these efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218766276DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5967841PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Boundary Blurring? Racial Identification among the Children of Interracial Couples.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2018 May 25;677(1):81-94. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Sociology, Brown University,

For America's children, racial and ethnic identity is complicated by the fact that interracial couples define their children's racial and ethnic identity rather than the children themselves. The commonplace idea of racial self-identification in government surveys is a misnomer for America's children. In this paper, we use data, pooled annually, from the 2008 to 2014 American Community Survey to document (1) recent fertility patterns among interracially married couples, and (2) the racial or ethnic identification of the children from interracial marriages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716218760507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6874210PMC

Maternal Education, Changing Family Circumstances, and Children's Skill Development in the United States and UK.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Nov 25;674(1):59-84. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Princeton University.

Among the core dimensions of socioeconomic status, maternal education is the most strongly associated with children's cognitive development, and is a key predictor of other resources within the family that strongly predict children's well-being: economic insecurity, family structure, and maternal depression. Most studies examine these circumstances in isolation of one another and/or at particular points in time, precluding a comprehensive understanding of how the family environment evolves over time and contributes to educational disparities in children's skill development and learning. In addition, very little research examines whether findings observed among children in the United States can be generalized to children of a similar age in other countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716217729471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5857959PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

School Segregation and Disparities in Urban, Suburban, and Rural Areas.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Nov 25;674(1):199-216. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Johns Hopkins University.

Much of the literature on racial and ethnic educational inequality focuses on the contrast between Black and Hispanic students in urban areas and white suburban students. This study extends past research on school segregation and racial/ethnic disparities by highlighting the importance of rural areas and regional variation. Although schools in rural America are disproportionately white, they nevertheless are like urban schools, and disadvantaged relative to suburban schools, in terms of poverty and test performance. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0002716217733936
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716217733936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804745PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Schools at the Rural-Urban Boundary - Blurring the Divide?

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jul 23;672(1):185-201. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Brown University.

Schools mirror the communities in which they are located. Research on school inequality across the rural-urban spectrum tends to focus on the contrast between urban, suburban, and rural schools and glosses over the variation within these areas as well as the similarities between them. To address this gap and provide a richer description of the spatial distribution of educational inequality, we examine the school composition, achievement, and resources of all U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716217707176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804892PMC
July 2017
2 Reads

Weather-Related Hazards and Population Change: A Study of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms in the United States, 1980-2012.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jan 20;669(1):146-167. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

Environmental determinists predict that people move away from places experiencing frequent weather hazards, yet some of these areas have rapidly growing populations. This analysis examines the relationship between weather events and population change in all U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216682942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5760176PMC
January 2017
4 Reads

Understanding Racial Differences in Exposure to Violent Areas: Integrating Survey, Smartphone, and Administrative Data Resources.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jan 20;669(1):41-62. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

The Ohio State University.

Emerging evidence indicates that exposure to violent areas may influence youth wellbeing. We employ smartphone GPS data on youth activity spaces to examine the extent of, and potential explanations for, racial disparities in these exposures. Multilevel models of data from the study indicate that exposures to violent areas vary significantly across days of the week and between youth who reside in the same neighborhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216678167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567748PMC
January 2017
10 Reads

The Cardiovascular Health of Young Adults: Disparities along the Urban-Rural Continuum.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jul 23;672(1):257-281. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

U.S. young adults coming of age in the early 21 Century are the first cohort to grow up during the obesity epidemic; justifiably, there is much concern about their cardiovascular health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716217711426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5501485PMC
July 2017
5 Reads

Ethnoracial Diversity across the Rural-Urban Continuum.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jul 23;672(1):26-45. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Department of Sociology, University at Buffalo, SUNY.

Both scholarship and popular opinion have long held that cities are more racially and ethnically diverse than rural communities. However, recent trends hint at the potential for less distinctive diversity profiles on either side of the metro-nonmetro divide. To explore this possibility, we compare the magnitude and structure of ethnoracial diversity in 2010 for over 27,000 census-defined places arrayed across 10 different types of county contexts that span the rural-urban continuum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716217708560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6897380PMC

Shadow Labor: Work and Wages among Immigrant Hispanic Women in Durham, North Carolina.

Authors:
Chenoa A Flippen

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 07 14;666(1):110-130. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

University of Pennsylvania.

Drawing on data collected in Durham, NC, this paper examines the forces shaping the labor supply and wages of immigrant Hispanic women in new destinations. The analysis evaluates the role of human capital and immigration characteristics (including legal status), family structure, and immigrant-specific labor market conditions, such as subcontracting, in shaping labor market outcomes. Findings indicate that the main determinants of labor supply among immigrant Hispanic women in Durham relate to family structure, with human capital playing a relatively minor role. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216644423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465637PMC
July 2016
2 Reads

Understanding how low-socioeconomic status households cope with health shocks: An analysis of multi-sector linked data.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jan 20;669(1):125-145. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

Low-socioeconomic status (SES) households have little income or wealth to buffer against the negative impacts of an adverse health event () among adult household members. However, these households may employ a variety of other coping strategies such as receiving help from family, friends, and social services. Administrative data from a non-profit food distribution center, electronic medical record (EMR) data from a safety-net healthcare system, and publicly available residential appraisal data were linked to provide insight into these coping strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216680989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5388137PMC
January 2017
15 Reads

Correlates of Contraceptive Use and Health Facility Choice among Young Women in Malawi.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2017 Jan 20;669(1):93-124. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, New York 10017.

We explore whether differential access to family planning services and the quality of those services explain variability in uptake of contraception among young women in Malawi. We accomplish this by linking the Malawi Schooling and Adolescent Study, a longitudinal survey of young people, with the Malawi Service Provision Assessment collected in 2013-2014. We also identify factors that determine choice of facility among those who use contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216678591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6202030PMC
January 2017
3 Reads

How Children's Educational Outcomes and Criminality Vary by Duration and Frequency of Paternal Incarceration.

Authors:
Lars H Andersen

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 May 10;665(1):149-170. Epub 2016 Apr 10.

Existing studies of the consequences of paternal incarceration for children treat paternal incarceration as a dichotomous event (a child either experiences paternal incarceration or does not), although effects could accumulate with both the frequency and duration of paternal incarcerations. In this article I use register data on Danish children from birth cohort 1991, some of whom experienced paternal incarceration before age 15, to show how educational outcomes and criminality up to age 20 vary by frequency and total duration of paternal incarceration. The high quality of Danish register data also allows me to distinguish between paternal arrest and paternal incarceration and to show results for the total duration of paternal incarcerations conditioned on frequency of paternal incarceration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216632782DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4941098PMC
May 2016
9 Reads

Drinking Alone? The Effect of an Alcohol Treatment Program on Relationship Stability for Convicted Drunk Drivers in Denmark.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 May 10;665(1):46-62. Epub 2016 Apr 10.

This article tests whether an alcohol treatment program for drunk drivers in Denmark increased the stability of their relationships with spouses or cohabiting partners. The treatment program, implemented in 1990, allowed a group of offenders to avoid prison and participate in a rehabilitation program. I use it here as a natural experiment, exploiting a rich administrative dataset to show that the program marginally increases offenders' relationship stability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216632456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4941095PMC
May 2016
3 Reads

How Representative are Snowball Samples? Using the Ethnosurvey to Study Guatemala-U.S. Migration.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 Jul 14;666(1):64-76. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

David Lindstrom is Professor and Chair, Department of Sociology, and a Faculty Associate of the Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University. His research examines the determinants and consequences of migration in economically developing societies, the transition into adulthood, and the changing dynamics of reproductive health and behavior.

This analysis draws on binational data from an ethnosurvey conducted in Guatemala and in the United States in Providence, Rhode Island, to develop a refinement of the weighting scheme that the Mexican Migration Project uses. The alternative weighting procedure distinguishes between temporary and settled migrants by using a question on household location in the Guatemala questionnaire that is not used in the MMP. Demographic characteristics and integration experiences of the most recent U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216646568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6905631PMC

What Constitutes Intermarriage for Multiracial People in Britain?

Authors:
Miri Song

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Nov 11;662(1):94-111. Epub 2015 Oct 11.

Intermarriage is of great interest to analysts because a group's tendency to partner across ethnic boundaries is usually seen as a key indicator of the social distance between groups in a multiethnic society. Theories of intermarriage as a key indicator of integration are, however, typically premised upon the union of white and nonwhite individuals, and we know very little about what happens in the unions of multiracial people, who are the children of intermarried couples. What constitutes intermarriage for multiracial people? Do multiracial individuals think that ethnic or racial ancestries are a defining aspect of their relationships with their partners? In this article, I argue that there are no conventions for how we characterize endogamous or exogamous relationships for multiracial people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716215595387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4887818PMC
November 2015
28 Reads

Families at the Intersection of the Criminal Justice and Child Protective Services Systems.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 May 10;665(1):171-194. Epub 2016 Apr 10.

In this article, we first describe the incidence and prevalence of incarceration and CPS involvement in the United States. Second, we outline the reasons that the same individuals and families may be at risk for involvement in both systems and review the limited existing research examining links between incarceration and CPS involvement. Third, we use unique longitudinal data from Wisconsin, spanning from 2004 to 2012, to describe intergenerational and intragenerational overlap in the two systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216633058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6044461PMC
May 2016
2 Reads

Between- and Within-Occupation Inequality: The Case of High-Status Professions.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 Jan;663(1):53-79

University of Michigan.

In this chapter, we present analyses of the roles of education and occupation in shaping trends in income inequality among college-educated workers in the U.S., drawing data from two sources: (1) the 1960-2000 U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716215596958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4788469PMC
January 2016
3 Reads

Achieving the Middle Ground in an Age of Concentrated Extremes: Mixed Middle-Income Neighborhoods and Emerging Adulthood.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Jul;660(1):156-174

PhD candidate in sociology and social policy at Harvard University.

This article focuses on stability and change in "mixed middle-income" neighborhoods. We first analyze variation across nearly two decades for all neighborhoods in the United States and in the Chicago area, particularly. We then analyze a new longitudinal study of almost 700 Chicago adolescents over an 18-year span, including the extent to which they are exposed to different neighborhood income dynamics during the transition to young adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716215576117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4694587PMC
July 2015
5 Reads

The Potential and Limitations of Cross-Context Comparative Research on Migration.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 14;666(1):28-45. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Associate Professor at the Population Program and the Geography Department at the University of Colorado at Boulder. His research looks at the role of U.S. immigration policy and social, economic, and environmental conditions in sending communities on the migration dynamics between Latin America and the United States.

This article is an overview of household survey approaches for the comparative study of international migration dynamics. Focusing on differences in the drivers of international mobility at different times and places, I highlight the problems of obtaining data with adequate representation across time periods and geographies, and discuss a broad constellation of prospective and retrospective approaches, paying particular attention to the migration ethnosurvey. I place this methodology within a broader constellation of prospective and retrospective data collection techniques, briefly describing the advantages and disadvantages of each and summarizing the commonalities and differences of ethnosurvey approaches adopted around the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716216650629DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5662135PMC
June 2016
1 Read

"A Twenty-Hour-a-Day Job": The Impact of Frequent Low-Level Criminal Justice Involvement on Family Life.

Authors:
Megan Comfort

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2016 10;665(1):63-79. Epub 2016 Apr 10.

RTI International, 351 California St., Ste. 500, San Francisco, CA 94104, (415) 848-1375.

In the growing field of research on the consequences of criminal justice contact for family life, a heavy emphasis has been placed on how imprisonment influences the emotional, physical, and socioeconomic wellbeing of prisoners' loved ones. In this article, I elaborate on and analyze the experiences of family members of people with frequent, low-level criminal justice involvement. I draw on ethnographic data collected in partnership with a clinical social worker over the course of a three-year study of an intensive case management intervention for HIV-positive individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716215625038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5603205PMC
April 2016
8 Reads

Measuring Networks beyond the Origin Family.

Authors:
Robert D Mare

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Jan;657(1):97-107

Studies of social mobility typically focus on the associations between the socioeconomic characteristics of individuals and families in one generation and those same characteristics for the next generation. Yet the life chances of individuals may be affected by a wider network of kin than just the nuclear family, including grandparents, aunts and uncles, siblings, and even more remote kin. In planning new studies of intergenerational social mobility, researchers should consider the ways that more remote kin may affect socioeconomic success and hardship and design data collection strategies for collecting data on wider kin networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214548410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4690460PMC
January 2015
2 Reads

Creating the Black Ghetto: Black Residential Patterns Before and During the Great Migration.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Jul;660(1):18-35

University of Pittsburgh,

Were black ghettos a product of white reaction to the Great Migration in the 1920s and 1930s, or did the ghettoization process have earlier roots? This presentation takes advantage of recently available data on black and white residential patterns in several major Northern cities in the period 1880-1940. Using geographic areas smaller than contemporary census tracts, it traces the growth of black populations in each city and trends in the level of isolation and segregation. In addition it analyzes the determinants of location: which blacks lived in neighborhoods with higher black concentrations, and what does this tell us about the ghettoization process? We find that the development of ghettos in an embryonic form was well underway in 1880, that segregation became intense prior to the Great Migration, and that in this whole period blacks were segregated based on race rather than class or Southern origin. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0002716215572993
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716215572993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4654963PMC
July 2015
11 Reads

From Big Data to Knowledge in the Social Sciences.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 May;659(1):16-32

One of the challenges associated with high-volume, diverse datasets is whether synthesis of open data streams can translate into actionable knowledge. Recognizing that challenge and other issues related to these types of data, the National Institutes of Health developed the or initiative. The concept of translating "big data to knowledge" is important to the social and behavioral sciences in several respects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716215570007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4539961PMC
May 2015
10 Reads

Measuring Education and Skill.

Authors:
Chandra Muller

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Jan;657(1):136-148

Department of Sociology University of Texas at Austin 305 E. 23 Street, Stop G1800 Austin, TX 78712 512-471-8377

This article reviews recent developments in measuring education and skill that need to be taken into account in any new initiative to monitor social mobility. Over the past half-century, patterns of educational participation and attainment have become more heterogeneous, a trend that has been accompanied by increases in assessment and testing practices, and the availability of electronic data sources and other administrative records, including official school transcripts that are generally held indefinitely. This article describes the most promising approaches to measuring education and discusses some of the possible challenges for using the information to study social mobility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214550586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4429787PMC
January 2015
1 Read

Young Adults' Roles as Partners and Parents in a Context of Family Complexity.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2014 Jul;654(1):87-109

Rutgers University.

This article uses data from the 1979 and 1997 cohorts of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to estimate the proportions of young men and women who will take on a variety of partner and parent roles by age 30, as well as to describe how these estimates have changed across cohorts. It then draws from identity theory and related theoretical work to consider how the multiple family roles which young adults are likely to occupy-both over their life course and at a single point in time-may influence inter- and intra-family (unit) relationships in light of current trends in family complexity. This discussion highlights four key implications of identity theory as it relates to family complexity, and proposes several hypotheses for future empirical research to explore, such as the greater likelihood of role conflict in families with greater complexity and limited resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214527729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4307948PMC
July 2014
8 Reads

A New Infrastructure for Monitoring Social Mobility in the United States.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Jan 10;657(1):63-82. Epub 2014 Dec 10.

The country's capacity to monitor trends in social mobility has languished since the last major survey on U.S. social mobility was fielded in 1973. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214549941DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6089542PMC
January 2015
3 Reads

Potential Data Sources for a New Study of Social Mobility in the United States.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2015 Jan 10;657(1):208-246. Epub 2014 Dec 10.

Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214552773DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5402740PMC
January 2015
2 Reads

Family Complexity among Children in the United States.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2014 Jul;654(1):48-65

Researchers largely have relied on a measure of family structure to describe children's living arrangements, but this approach captures only the child's relationship to the parent(s), ignoring the presence and composition of siblings. We develop a measure of family complexity that merges family structure and sibling composition to distinguish between simple two-biological-parent families, families with complex-sibling (half or stepsiblings) arrangements, and complex-parent (stepparent, single-parent) families. Using the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), we provide a descriptive profile of changes in children's living arrangements over a 13-year span (1996-2009). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214524515DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4200481PMC
July 2014
20 Reads

Wealth Disparities before and after the Great Recession.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2013 Nov;650(1):98-123

University of Michigan.

The collapse of the labor, housing, and stock markets beginning in 2007 created unprecedented challenges for American families. This study examines disparities in wealth holdings leading up to the Great Recession and during the first years of the recovery. All socioeconomic groups experienced declines in wealth following the recession, with higher wealth families experiencing larger absolute declines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213497452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4200506PMC
November 2013
16 Reads

New Partners, More Kids: Multiple-Partner Fertility in the United States.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2014 Jul;654(1):66-86

Declining rates of marriage and overall increases in union instability, combined with high levels of unintended and nonmarital fertility, create the possibility for parents to have children with more than one partner, called multiple-partner fertility, or MPF. The unique characteristics of families with MPF present data and other logistical challenges to researchers studying the phenomenon. Drawing from recent studies and updated data, I present new estimates of MPF that show that about 13 percent of men aged 40 to 44 and 19 percent of women aged 41 to 49 have children with more than one partner, with a higher prevalence among the disadvantaged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716214525571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4182921PMC
July 2014
2 Reads

Dimensions of Rural-to-Urban Migration and Premarital Pregnancy in Kenya.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2013 Jul;648(1):104-119

Department of Sociology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 USA, Tel: 401-863-2243.

Rural-to urban migration is increasingly common among youth and could affect sexual activities. We use life history calendar data collected in Kisumu, Kenya, to investigate how the timing and number of rural-to-urban moves are associated with premarital pregnancy. Among sexually experienced young women aged 18-24 (N=226), 39 percent have experienced a premarital pregnancy and 60 percent experienced a move in the last 10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213480792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3892774PMC
July 2013
9 Reads

Consequences of Family Member Incarceration: Impacts on Civic Participation and Perceptions of the Legitimacy and Fairness of Government.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2014 Jan;651(1):44-73

Political participation and citizens' perceptions of the legitimacy and fairness of government are central components of democracy. In this article, we examine one possible threat to these markers of a just political system: family member incarceration. We offer a unique glimpse into the broader social consequences of punishment that are brought on by a partner's or parent's incarceration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213502920DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4501034PMC
January 2014
7 Reads

Detention, Democracy, and Inequality in a Divided Society.

Authors:
Glenn C Loury

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2014 Jan;651(1):178-182

Merton P. Stoltz Professor of the Social Sciences at Brown University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213502930DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4354717PMC
January 2014
4 Reads

The Great Recession and the Social Safety Net.

Authors:
Robert A Moffitt

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2013 Nov;650(1):143-166

Johns Hopkins University.

The social safety net responded in significant and favorable ways during the Great Recession. Aggregate per capita expenditures grew significantly, with particularly strong growth in the SNAP, EITC, UI, and Medicaid programs. Distributionally, the increase in transfers was widely shared across demographic groups, including families with and without children, single-parent and two-parent families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213499532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4822557PMC
November 2013
1 Read

Home is Hard to Find: Neighborhoods, Institutions, and the Residential Trajectories of Returning Prisoners.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2013 May;647(1):214-236

University of Michigan.

Poor urban communities experience high rates of incarceration and prisoner reentry. This paper examines the residences where former prisoners live after prison, focusing on returns to pre-prison social environments, residential mobility, and the role of intermediate sanctions. Drawing on a unique dataset that follows a cohort of Michigan parolees released in 2003 over time using administrative records, we examine returns to pre-prison environments, both immediately after prison and in the months and years after release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213477070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3640590PMC
May 2013
6 Reads

Race/Ethnic and Nativity Disparities in Child Overweight in the United States and England.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2012 Sep;643(1):219-238

Child overweight is a growing problem in wealthy countries. There is also evidence that child overweight varies by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. In this article, the authors use data from two recent birth cohort studies in the United States and England to address four questions: (1) Are race/ethnic and immigrant status associated with child overweight? (2) Is the association between socioeconomic status and child overweight similar across race/ethnic and nativity subgroups? (3) Does the age of immigrant mothers at migration moderate the association between immigrant status and child overweight? and (4) Does maternal obesity mediate the association between race/ethnicity and nativity and child overweight? Findings indicate that (1) race/ethnicity and immigrant status are risk factors for child overweight in both countries, (2) the influence of socioeconomic status differs by subgroup, (3) mother's age at migration does not moderate the association, and (4) mother's obesity mediates some of the race/ethnic disparities in child overweight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716212445750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3637954PMC
September 2012
2 Reads

Educational Achievement Gaps between Immigrant and Native Students in Two "New Immigration Countries": Italy and Spain in comparison.

Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 2012 Sep;643(1):46-77

Davide Azzolini is a doctoral student at the School of Social Sciences, University of Trento. His research focuses on inequality in educational opportunity and the educational achievement gaps between children of immigrants and natives.

We use PISA 2009 data to determine how immigrant children in Italy and Spain compare with native students in reading and mathematics skills. Drawing on the vast empirical literature in traditional immigration countries, we test the extent to which the most well-established patterns and hypotheses of immigrant/native educational achievement gaps also apply to these new immigration countries. Findings show that both first- and second-generation immigrant students underperform natives in both countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716212441590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3595313PMC
September 2012
1 Read