60 results match your criteria Annals Of Regional Science[Journal]


Benchmarking Student Diversity at Public Universities in the United States: Accounting for State Population Composition.

Ann Reg Sci 2012 Oct;49(2):355-372

Spatial Structures in the Social Sciences, and Population Studies & Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Regions rely at least partially on the internal production of a qualified workforce in order to maintain their economic competitiveness. Increasingly, at least from a university or corporate point of view, a qualified workforce is viewed as one that is racially and ethnically diverse. However, the conceptualization and measurement of ethnic and racial diversity in higher education appears to be often based on normative values rather than solid benchmarks, making any regional comparisons or goals difficult to specify. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4262928PMC
October 2012

Information, communication and networks in international migration systems.

Authors:
J Poot

Ann Reg Sci 1996 ;30(1):55-73

"This paper focuses on the role of information and communication in international migration by means of a survey which covers economic and broader perspectives, both at the micro and macro levels. The human capital model of migration is reviewed and the likely impact of recent and anticipated developments in telecommunications technology is noted. The job search model is reformulated in the context of international migration but extensive modification is required to describe the potential sampling of job offers and other informational needs of international migrants. Read More

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Aging in place, age specific migration and natural decrease.

Authors:
R L Morrill

Ann Reg Sci 1995 ;29(1):41-66

"This analysis of regional demographic change evaluates the roles of 'aging in place' and of age-specific migration on the geographic pattern of the advent of natural decrease in the United States. The spread of natural decrease is projected on the basis of recent births and deaths, in the absence of migration. Age-specific migration data for Oregon and Washington are used to develop a typology of counties that can be used in turn to modify the probable timing of natural decrease. Read More

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September 1995

The urban household pattern of daytime population change.

Authors:
A Akkerman

Ann Reg Sci 1995 ;29(1):1-16

"A matrix representation of places of residence and places of commuting destination in a metropolis, is coupled with evidence regarding spatio-temporal change in average household size. This approach allows the average number of persons per household who commute to be hierarchically ordered in a square matrix which shows attributes associated with a well-known class of matrices. Based on these attributes it is shown that any given spatial distribution of households implies a bounded range of vectors representing the spatial distribution of commuters. Read More

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September 1995

Migration cost externality and interregional equilibrium.

Authors:
C Shin

Ann Reg Sci 1994 ;28(2):139-51

"This paper will investigate the characteristics of population allocation between two regions in the presence of migration cost. It will also examine both populations and the non-migration range of the initial population in which migration does not occur, in social optimum and market equilibrium with central government intervention, to reveal migration cost externality, and to propose a remedy for it." The author finds that "migration cost gives the social planner an additional burden of population reallocation, and it has an important effect upon an individual's decisions on migration in a decentralized market mechanism. Read More

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October 1994

Sustainability and migration: experiments from the Senegalese peanut basin.

Authors:
E H Golan

Ann Reg Sci 1994 ;28(1):91-106

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Migration history, migration behavior and selectivity.

Authors:
A J Bailey

Ann Reg Sci 1993 ;27(4):315-26

"A series of proportional hazards models are used to study the relationship between migration history and migration behavior for a sample of young adults from the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Read More

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April 1994
3 Reads

Black-white regional migration and the impact of education: a multinomial logit analysis.

Authors:
R G Krieg

Ann Reg Sci 1993 ;27(3):211-22

"This study investigates the demographic determinants of regional migration within the United States for the periods 1965-70 and 1975-80... Read More

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February 1994

Fundamental issues in nonlinear urban population dynamic models: theory and a synthesis.

Ann Reg Sci 1992 ;26(2):135-45

"The main purpose of this paper is to examine certain basic similarities between three nonlinear models of urban dynamics which appeared in [1980], and seem to be driven by somewhat different mechanisms... Read More

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October 1992

New directions in migration research: perspectives from some North American regional science disciplines.

Ann Reg Sci 1991 ;25(4):237-70

"This paper takes several surveys of the literature concerning migration research as its starting point and directs the reader toward a number of potentially fruitful lines for future research. Major sections include one on modeling migrant choice in which the pros and cons of using gross versus net migration measures are discussed. A second introduces and discusses the concept of a 'spatial' choice set, which has the potential to be implemented with laboratory experimental techniques. Read More

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Does migration function to reduce earnings differentials by race and gender?

Authors:
R G Krieg

Ann Reg Sci 1990 ;24(3):211-21

"This study investigates the role of migration in the determination of earnings differentials by race and gender. Microdata from the United Status Census are used to estimate earnings functions by race, gender, and migration status. Strong evidence is provided suggesting that unexplained portions of earnings differentials, reflectng wage discrimination and other unobserved heterogeneity, are substantially reduced for both race and gender through the process of interstate migration. Read More

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Settlement formation. Part I: a dynamic theory.

Authors:
W Weidlich M Munz

Ann Reg Sci 1990 ;24(2):83-106

"The dynamic process of settlement formation is a fundamental issue in regional science. Our proposed model integrates the economic and migratory sectors in terms of endogenous variables in order to describe the evolution of continuous population distributions as a self-organising process.. Read More

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On growth and dispersal of population.

Authors:
T Puu

Ann Reg Sci 1989 Oct;23(3):171-86

In his unpublished Master's thesis of 1921, the young Hotelling invented an ingenious model of population growth and diffusion. The contribution remained widely unknown until Waldo Tobler and Alan Wilson edited it as an article in 1978. Not even then did it trigger any outburst of contributions. Read More

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October 1989

Use and misuse of the allocation rate in models of population migration.

Authors:
B J Cushing

Ann Reg Sci 1989 May;23(1):51-8

In empirical work on population migration, researchers have utilized many different measures of migration. 1 measure that is used periodically is an "an allocation rate", most commonly defined as the number of persons moving from origin i to destination j during the period. While an allocation rate is a valid and interesting measure, it has been misunderstood in several instances, leading to some empirical results that are difficult to interpret. Read More

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Growth patterns of the eight regions in the People's Republic of China (1980-1985).

Authors:
D S Dendrinos

Ann Reg Sci 1989 ;23:213-22

The objective of this brief paper is very specific: to test with data from the People's Republic of China an earlier model by the author on regional relative dynamics. Originally, that model was used to replicate the regional relative population and income growth of 9 divisions in the US for the period 1929-1979. Due to data limitations, only 1 component of the original model is replicated in the case of the People's Republic of China. Read More

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Estimation of a human capital model of migration.

Authors:
A H Dierx

Ann Reg Sci 1988 Nov;22(3):99-110

"The main deficiency of the current literature on the determinants of migration is the large gap between theoretical analyses and empirical applications. If no direct link is established between a theoretical model and its empirical specification, the empirical results cannot validate the model. This paper develops a version of the human capital model of migration which permits empirical specification. Read More

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November 1988
4 Reads

Determinants of black interstate migration, 1965-70 and 1975-80.

Authors:
K E Mchugh

Ann Reg Sci 1988 Mar;22(1):36-48

"This paper presents and tests a regression-based model of black interstate migration. Explanatory variables include characteristics of origins and destinations, distance, and two migrant stock measures. The model is tested using black interstate migration flows published by the U. Read More

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March 1988
3 Reads

Intra metropolitan demographic structure: a Seattle example.

Authors:
R L Morrill

Ann Reg Sci 1988 Mar;22(1):1-16

"Internal urban variation in demographic character (births, deaths, fertility, natural increase, net migration) is analyzed in relation to age of persons, age of housing, ownership, distance from the CBD [central business district], race, household type and size. A descriptive analysis of maps of these characteristics is followed by simple statistical tests of relations among the variables, in particular distance from the city center. Predictable and strong patterns of spatial structure are consonant with expectations from economic, social, geographic and political urban theory. Read More

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Urban unemployment and labor force participation in Korea.

Authors:
W B Kim

Ann Reg Sci 1987 Mar;21(1):44-55

"This paper examines urban unemployment patterns in [the Republic of] Korea using a simultaneous model of unemployment and labor force participation. Urban demographic characteristics and economic conditions are put forward to explain inter-urban variations in the rates of unemployment and labor force participation. The estimation results indicate the importance of local demographic characteristics and economic conditions in determining labor force participation rates and unemployment rates. Read More

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Location-specific amenities, topography, and population migration.

Authors:
B J Cushing

Ann Reg Sci 1987 ;21(2):74-85

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December 1988

Accounting for spatial relationships in models of interstate population migration.

Authors:
B J Cushing

Ann Reg Sci 1986 Jul;20(2):66-73

"This study focuses on the specification of distance and space in models of state-to-state population migration [in the United States]... Read More

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July 1986
5 Reads

Functional forms and the relevance of contiguous migration in the study of migration and employment growth.

Authors:
I S Jun H S Chang

Ann Reg Sci 1986 Jul;20(2):17-27

The authors examine internal migration in the United States and emphasize the importance of decomposing total migration into contiguous and noncontiguous migration flows when analyzing employment change. "In this study, a simultaneous-equation model containing two equations, one for migration and the other for employment growth, has been specified in a general form and estimated by the 2SLS method for total, contiguous and noncontiguous migration flows. Results obtained from the use of 1970 Census data show that noncontiguous migration behaves significantly [differently] from contiguous migration, and that noncontiguous migration, rather than total migration, should be used for the study of factors affecting interstate migration. Read More

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July 1986
4 Reads

Attribute preferences and the non-metropolitan migration decision.

Ann Reg Sci 1986 Mar;20(1):33-53

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A comparison of two methods to project regional and state populations for the U.S.

Ann Reg Sci 1985 Nov;19(3):40-53

"This paper is a comparison of two contrasting methods for projecting population at the regional and state levels. A projection of the U.S. Read More

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November 1985

Single-place alternative opportunities in an economic model of migration.

Authors:
W J Wadycki

Ann Reg Sci 1985 Jul;19(2):10-6

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The regional labor market adjustment process: determinants of changes in rates of labor force participation, unemployment, and migration.

Ann Reg Sci 1985 Mar;19(1):1-17

"The objective of this paper is to better understand the manner in which the supply of labor in a regional economy adjusts to changing labor demand. The principal response mechanisms include changed rates of labor force participation, changed unemployment rates, and migration.. Read More

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March 1985
2 Reads

Can economic incentives explain the recent population movements to nonmetropolitan areas?

Ann Reg Sci 1984 Nov;18(3):81-93

Factors affecting migration from metropolitan to nonmetropolitan areas of the United States are explored using a time-series model of annual net migration in Minnesota for the period 1951 to 1978. The importance of economic factors is emphasized. The authors "also found support for the null hypothesis of exogeneity of nonmetropolitan unemployment, the economic influence on migration that is most likely to be endogenous. Read More

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November 1984

Determination of settlement patterns in rapidly growing rural areas.

Ann Reg Sci 1984 Nov;18(3):67-80

The primary factors affecting settlement patterns in rural areas of the United States are examined using factor analysis of survey responses from 1,156 households in Oklahoma. "Results indicate that quality of services, age of home and availability of services, rural atmosphere and job and family considerations impact most significantly. Analysis of variance indicates that differences exist in the relative weighting of factors by socio-economic, demographic and locational variables. Read More

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November 1984

Provincial variation of urbanization and urban primacy in China.

Authors:
A G Yeh X Xu

Ann Reg Sci 1984 Nov;18(3):1-20

Provincial variations in urbanization and urban primacy in China are analyzed for 1978 using factor analysis and regression techniques. The authors suggest that government policies have not only led to a relatively low level of urbanization but are also responsible for many of the regional differences observed. It is concluded that "low urban primacy in the eastern provinces is mainly the result of the urbanization policy of controlling the development of large cities that favours the development of small and medium cities. Read More

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November 1984

A multi-disciplinary interpretation of migration: amenity capitalization in both land and labor markets.

Ann Reg Sci 1984 Jul;18(2):35-44

"Various disciplines have produced models to explain and predict human migration. A model is presented providing a taxonomy through which interdisciplinary insights can be synthesized. The imperfect information view emphasizes the role of wage differentials as representing arbitragible real utility differentials. Read More

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July 1984
2 Reads

Metropolitan migration and labor market changes by industry.

Authors:
M M Kleiner

Ann Reg Sci 1984 Jul;18(2):11-24

"The purpose of this paper is to analyze gross [U.S.] metropolitan migration of persons employed in selected. Read More

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July 1984
2 Reads

Growth trends of metropolitan areas in Japan: application of the concept of P-M curve.

Authors:
K Shimizu J Orita

Ann Reg Sci 1984 Mar;18(1):24-38

"The aim of this paper is to illuminate basic characteristics of metropolitan areas in Japan. [The authors] first delineate the boundaries of ninety-eight Japanese metropolitan areas based on the concept of cut-off point on the P-M curve the idea of which was originally developed by Ogawa in 1957. Secondly, [they] carry out empirical analyses on spatial structure and growth patterns of those metropolitan areas by use of 1960 and 1975 data. Read More

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The design and implementation of a regional economic-demographic simulation model.

Authors:
R J Brady C M Yang

Ann Reg Sci 1983 Nov;17(3):1-22

The management of urban growth patterns in the United States in order to maximize the benefits of public and private investments in urban areas is examined. The authors present "the results of a modelling design effort to link a hybrid regional input-output model to demographic, labor force and energy models for use in planning in the San Francisco Bay Region. Extensive use of system feedback is a major component of this research effort. Read More

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November 1983

Climatic conditions and migration: an econometric inquiry.

Authors:
S M Renas R Kumar

Ann Reg Sci 1983 Mar;17(1):69-78

"This paper has examined the impact of climate on migration. It has compared the results that are obtained when various indicators of climatic conditions, both those which have been used in the literature and those which have not, are included in a regression used to explain migration behavior. The results suggest that individuals do indeed consider climatic conditions in different areas when deciding where to live; people generally prefer areas which have moderate climates to areas which have either extremely hot or extremely cold climates. Read More

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The effect of urban spatial structure on residential mobility.

Authors:
H Beguin

Ann Reg Sci 1982 Nov;16(3):16-35

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November 1982

On the relation between origin income and migration.

Authors:
G Feder

Ann Reg Sci 1982 Jul;16(2):46-61

"While traditional migration theory suggests that the rate of migration is negatively related to income at the origin, many empirical studies of aggregate migration yield a non-significant or even a positive relation. This paper utilizes a simplified model of migration to demonstrate that one possible reason for such results is the imperfect capital market facing migrants. Higher average income at the origin may imply a higher number of individuals who have the cash resources to finance migration, thus generating a positive relation between regional income and migration. Read More

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Hierarchically organized migration fields: the application of higher order factor analysis to population migration tables.

Authors:
C Clayton

Ann Reg Sci 1982 Jul;16(2):11-20

"The structure of human geographical systems is often of a hierarchical nature. Population migration systems can usefully be conceptualized as a series of hierarchically related levels of migration fields: the fields at one level nesting within the fields at the next higher level. Such migration fields and the relationships between different levels can be extracted from large population migration origin-destination matrices with the aid of higher order factor analysis. Read More

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Destination choice of interstate family migrants to selected areas in California.

Authors:
S A Dorkoosh

Ann Reg Sci 1982 Mar;16(1):57-74

"In this study an attempt has been made to construct a destination choice model for those families who migrated to California from other states between the years 1965 and 1970. "The empirical work is based on a Public Use Sample of Basic Records from the 1970 Census; the technique of estimation used in this study is McFadden's maximum likelihood (multinomial logit technique which often is referred to as conditional logit). "[The] findings confirm the hypothesis that various groups of migrants respond somewhat differently to the geographic and economic stimuli in selecting their destinations in California. Read More

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March 1982
3 Reads

The impact of age upon interregional migration.

Authors:
J N Morgan E H Robb

Ann Reg Sci 1981 Nov;15(3):31-45

"This paper examines the impact of age on migration by providing estimates of identically specified migration equations for each of six age groups. Hypothesized effects of age on the relative importance of various explanatory variables are developed from a model viewing migration as an investment decision." This model is then tested empirically using U. Read More

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November 1981

Falling household size and its effect on metropolitan population growth and density.

Authors:
P Gober

Ann Reg Sci 1981 Nov;15(3):1-10

"In determining metropolitan population size and changes therein, urban theorists traditionally have focused on the number of occupied dwelling units or households and have assumed that these households are equal in size. This paper argues that average household size is an indicator of how intensively the housing stock is utilized and that there is substantial variation in household size across SMSAs in the U.S. Read More

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November 1981

Neighborhood amenities and their impact on density gradients.

Authors:
G Alperovich

Ann Reg Sci 1980 ;14(2):51-64

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Rural-urban labor migration: the case of Korea.

Ann Reg Sci 1980 ;14(1):72-90

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On the value of economic-demographic forecasts to local government.

Authors:
M S Henry

Ann Reg Sci 1980 ;14(1):12-20

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Alternative opportunities and migration: evidence from Korea.

Authors:
G Feder

Ann Reg Sci 1980 ;14(1):1-11

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Alternative opportunities and migration: an exposition.

Authors:
G Feder

Ann Reg Sci 1979 ;13(3):57-67

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Urban population density functions: some Belgian evidence.

Authors:
B De Borger

Ann Reg Sci 1979 ;13(3):15-24

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