2,810 results match your criteria Annals Of Human Biology[Journal]

Testing the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations on maternal reproductive health and associated neonatal characteristics in a transitional, Mediterranean population.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 23:1-26. Epub 2022 May 23.

Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: High pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) are significant risk factors for maternal and neonatal health.

Aim: To assess pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG during pregnancy and their association with different maternal and neonatal characteristics in the transitional Mediterranean population from the Eastern Adriatic islands.

Subjects And Methods: 262 mother-child dyads from the CRoatian Islands' Birth Cohort Study (CRIBS) were included in the study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dental age estimation of Malaysian children: A comparison of two-dimensional verses three-dimensional imaging analyses of the developing root apices.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 10:1-12. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The current study compared the effectiveness of the three-dimensional (3D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) method of age estimation developed by Asif et al. (2020) with two-dimensional Cameriere's method. CBCT images belonging to 129 Malaysian Chinese and Malay ethnic groups aged 7 to 14 years were investigated and analysed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The protoconid: a key cusp in lower molars. Evidence from a recent modern human population.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 6:1-31. Epub 2022 May 6.

Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH). Paseo de la Sierra de Atapuerca 3, 09002, Burgos, Spain.

Background: The molar (M) size sequence in the genus is decreasing and the general pattern in is M1 > M2 > M3.

Aim: To gain a better understanding of the reduction patterns of molar components (cusps), we aim to assess the area of the protoconid, the phylogenetically oldest cusp of the lower molars.

Subject And Methods: We measured the protoconid and the total crown area in the scaled photographs of a recent modern human sample of lower molars (76 males and 39 females). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of hypertension among individuals with diabetes and its determinants: Evidences from the National Family Health Survey 2015-16, India.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 2:1-30. Epub 2022 May 2.

Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata - 108.

Background: The incidence of Diabetes mellitus (DM) has escalated in recent decades, and the risk of diabetes-related mortality has increased dramatically due to the co-existence of hypertension (HTN). DM and HTN, having similar aetiology and disease mechanism, are influenced by lifestyle factors and greatly contribute to critical health complications.

Aim: The present study attempted to explore the co-existence of DM-HTN and the potential determinants considering rapid upsurge of both the diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Forensic features and phylogenetic analyses of the population of Nayagarh (Odisha), India using 23 Y-STRs.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 2:1-15. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Home (Police), DNA Fingerprinting Unit, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Government of MP, Sagar, India.

Aim: The present study was designed to explore the STR diversity and genomic history of the inhabitants of Nayagarh district of Odisha, India. We also tested the proficiency of the most recent, new generation PowerPlex Y23 multiplex system for forensic characterisation and to decipher the phylogenetic affinities.

Subjects And Methods: The genetic diversity and polymorphism among 236 healthy unrelated male volunteers from Nayagarh district of Odisha, India was investigated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Body image perceptions and avoidance behaviours among a Moroccan group of adolescents.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 20:1-8. Epub 2022 May 20.

Faculty of Science Semlalia, Laboratory of Human Ecology, University of Cadi Ayyad Marrakesh, Marrakesh, Morocco.

Background: Adolescents are a vulnerable group to body dissatisfaction that causes unhealthy attitudes and behaviours. It has been shown that many factors affect body image dissatisfaction.

Aim: To describe body image size perception, degree of body dissatisfaction, avoidance behaviours, and their relationship with gender, age, and weight status, and to assess the relationship between body dissatisfaction and avoidance behaviours among a group of Moroccan adolescents. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Use of Investigator 24plex GO! To analyse allele frequencies of 21 autosomal STRs in the population of Veracruz state, Mexico.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 2:1-6. Epub 2022 May 2.

UV-GC-212 "Ciencias Forenses" Instituto de Medicina Forense, Universidad Veracruzana, Boca del Río, México.

Background: Mexican population databases for autosomal STRs are scarce, and no previous studies have been performed with the Qiagen Investigator 24plex GO!

Aim: To analyse the frequency of 21 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci and forensic parameters in individuals from Veracruz state, Mexico.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 234 unrelated individuals were analysed with the Investigator 24plex GO! Kit, which includes the following autosomal STRs: TH01, D3S1358, vWA, D21S11, TPOX, D1S1656, D12S391, SE33, D10S1248, D22S1045, D19S433, D8S133879, D2S1338, D2S441, D18S51, FGA, D16S539, CSF1PO, D13S317, D5S818, and D7S820. Allele frequencies, forensic parameters, and relationships with neighbouring Mexican populations were estimated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multiple genetic analyses for Chinese Hunan Han population 46 A-STRs.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 2:1-8. Epub 2022 May 2.

Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Forensic Multi-Omics for Precision Identification, School of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Short tandem repeats (STRs) are important as common genetic markers in forensic identification and population genetics due to their highly polymorphic nature.

Aims: To explore genetic polymorphisms of the Chinese Hunan Han population and further dissect genetic relationships among the Hunan Han and other populations from China.

Subjects And Methods: In this study, samples of 394 unrelated healthy individuals from the Chinese Hunan Han population were analysed using 46 autosomal-STRs (A-STRs). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring the Kinh Vietnamese genomic database for the polymorphisms of the P450 genes towards precision public health.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 May 23:1-4. Epub 2022 May 23.

VNU University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University Hanoi, Ha Noi, Vietnam.

Background: Human cytochrome P450 (s) genes are essential in metabolising drugs. Due to their high polymorphism, population-specific studies are of great interest.

Aim: This research examined the six genes, including , , , , , and in the Kinh Vietnamese (KHV) for population-scale precision medicine. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predictive power of a body shape index and traditional anthropometric indicators for cardiovascular disease: a cohort study in rural Xinjiang, China.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 Apr 21:1-8. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Public Health, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China.

Background: A body shape index (ABSI) has been proven to be related to a population's CVD incidence. However, the application of this indicator has produced different results.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of the ABSI in predicting the incidence of CVD in rural Xinjiang, China, and compare it with waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and body mass index (BMI). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Integrated role of lifestyle habits in cardiometabolic risk factors according to sex in adolescents.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 Mar 24:1-9. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Health Sciences Department, Graduate Program in Health Promotion, University of Santa Cruz do Sul (UNISC), Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil.

Background: A healthy lifestyle should be adopted by young people to maintain cardiometabolic health.

Aim: To verify the prevalence and the integrated role of lifestyle habits in cardiometabolic risk factors according to sex in adolescents.

Subjects And Methods: Cross-sectional study developed with 1502 adolescents, aged 10-17 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reference values of inside leg length and inside leg length to stature ratio for Japanese children, 0-12 years of age.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 Mar 17:1-9. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Large datasets of detailed anthropometric measurements are scarce in children. The Japanese Standard Association 1978-1981 survey provides a rare opportunity to use high quality data from Japanese children.

Aim: To construct inside leg length (ILL) and inside leg length to stature ratio (ILL/S) reference centile curves for Japanese children. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bone mineral density and fractures in postmenopausal women of Maya-Mestizo ethnic origin with different body mass indexes.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Dec 21;48(7-8):567-571. Epub 2022 Feb 21.

Unidad de Investigación en Obesidad, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Background: Obesity protects against bone loss, but it increases the risk of fragility fractures.

Aim: To determine if bone mineral density (BMD) and the prevalence of fractures are different in postmenopausal Maya-Mestizo women grouped according to their body mass index (BMI).

Subjects And Methods: We studied 600 postmenopausal Maya-Mestizo women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Secular trends of age at menarche and the effect of famine exposure on age at menarche in rural Chinese women.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 Mar 11:1-6. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, PR China.

Background: Over the past few decades, more studies have suggested that the age at menarche (AAM) has continued to decline. However, the AAM for women in resource-constrained areas is not clear. Moreover, the association between the Chinese famine and AAM is still unclear in rural regions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Genetic polymorphism of 27 Y-STR loci in Kazakh populations from Northern Kazakhstan.

Ann Hum Biol 2022 Mar 7:1-3. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

National Center for Biotechnology, Nur-Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan.

Background: Previous studies of the genetic polymorphism of the Y-chromosome of Kazakhs were focussed on the Eastern, Central, Southern, and Western regions of Kazakhstan. In addition, many of these studies were limited to 17 Y-STR loci from the Yfiler.

Aim: To enrich the existing Kazakhstan Y-chromosome Haplotype Reference Database from the Northern Kazakh population data by a wide set of 27 Y-STR and investigate the population genetic relationships with previously published data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Analysis of the influence of glutathione S-transferase ( and ) genes on the risk of essential hypertension.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Dec 3;48(7-8):585-589. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Casablanca, Doctoral Training Center, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.

Background: Essential hypertension (EH) results from a complex interaction between environmental factors and an individual's genetic background.

Aim: To assess the relationship between polymorphisms in and and the risk of EH.

Subjects And Methods: A multiplex-PCR was used to identify the genotypic profiles of and in 160 patients and 210 controls. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Sex differences in the association of measures of sexual maturation to common toxicants: Lead, dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethylene (DDE), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):485-502

Department of Anthropology, University at Albany, Albany, NY, USA.

Many studies of human toxicant exposure examine the hypothesis that human sexual maturation can be affected through endocrine disruption. Within this body of literature there is significant variation in the findings. Variation may be related to the differential effects by toxicants between males and females as well as variation in sample size, toxicant levels, and the timing of exposure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Sex differences in childhood sleep and health implications.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):474-484

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Context: Sleep is critical for optimal childhood metabolic health and neurodevelopment. However, there is limited knowledge regarding childhood sex differences in sleep, including children with neurodevelopmental disorders, and the impact of such differences on metabolic health.

Objective: To evaluate if sex differences in childhood sleep exist and if sleep associates with metabolic health outcomes equally by sex. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Sex differences in cardiovascular risk may be related to sex differences in diet patterns: a narrative review.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):517-524

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Context: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States and globally. The social and biological differences in diet patterns among men and women may play a role in their differential cardiovascular risk.

Objective: To describe the dietary patterns associated with CVD risk and investigate the differences in diet patterns between men and women, if these differences affect cardiovascular risk, and to explore potential mechanisms of action. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Sex differences in bone mineral content and bone geometry accrual: a review of the Paediatric Bone Mineral Accural Study (1991-2017).

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):503-516

College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Context: Girls' and boys' growth patterns differ in timing and tempo, and they have different lifestyles with regards to diet and physical activity. These factors have all been linked with bone mineral accrual.

Objective: To identify the associations of boys' and girls' growth, maturation, and lifestyle choices relating to parameters of bone geometry and mineral accrual. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Greater male vulnerability to stunting? Evaluating sex differences in growth, pathways and biocultural mechanisms.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):466-473

Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Context: Child stunting has increasingly become the focus of large-scale global health efforts with the inclusion of stunting eradication as one of the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Child sex has been identified as a biological risk factor for stunting, and sex-specific approaches to stunting prevention have been proposed.

Objective: This paper examines four pathways, developmental sensitivity, energetics, caretaking and measurement, proposed to contribute to sex differences in linear growth faltering and stunting risk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Beyond sex differences: integrating sociocultural dimensions and a gender lens to the study of human variation and diversity.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):453-454

Instituto Investigaciones Psicológicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Mexico.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Infant sex differences in human milk intake and composition from 1- to 3-month post-delivery in a healthy United States cohort.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):455-465

Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Background: Macronutrient composition of human milk differs by infant sex, but few studies have examined sex differences in other milk components, or their potential modification by maternal body mass index (BMI).

Aim: We compared milk intake and human milk hormone and cytokine concentrations at 1- and 3-month post-delivery and tested infant sex by maternal BMI (OW/OB NW) interactions.

Subjects And Method: Data were analysed for 346 mother-infant dyads in the Mothers and Infants Linked for Healthy Growth (MILk) Study at 1- and 3-month post-delivery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Sex differences in human biology - an editorial.

Babette S Zemel

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):451-452

Division of GI, Hepatology & Nutrition, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Epidemiology of interleukin-6: the 30-year follow-up of the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep;48(6):525-533

Post-graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death globally. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a biomarker of cardiovascular risk.

Aim: To investigate factors associated with IL-6 concentration in serum, from early life up to 30 years of age. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Gene flow and phylogenetic analyses of paternal lineages in the Yi-Luo valley using Y-STR genetic markers.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Dec 24;48(7-8):627-634. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Ningbo Health Gene Technologies Co. Ltd., Ningbo, China.

Background: The Yi-Luo valley witnessed the most significant socio-political transformation of China and was deeply implicated in several enormous migrations of the Han population. However, little has been done to clarify its paternal genetic variation or phylogenetic relationship, particularly concerning the genetic evidence of their migrations.

Aim: This study aims to uncover the population genetic characteristics in the Yi-Luo valley and provide genetic evidence for its people's migrations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Prevalence of the Cusp of Carabelli: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Dec 2;48(7-8):572-584. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Centre for Early Childhood Caries Research (CECCRe), Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sri Ramachandra Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Context: The Cusp of Carabelli (CoC) is the most commonly occurring dental morphological trait.

Objective: To provide a pancontinental overview on the prevalence of the CoC in primary maxillary second molars and permanent maxillary molars.

Methods: An electronic search was conducted on ten databases without year restrictions up to July 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Independent and combined influence of physical fitness components on self-esteem in adolescents: DADOS study.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Dec 14;48(7-8):550-556. Epub 2022 Feb 14.

LIFE Research Group, Universtiy Jaume I, Castellon, Spain.

Background: Self-esteem is a common indicator of psychological well-being, but its relationship with physical fitness components during adolescence is not fully understood.

Aims: The aims of this study were to analyse the association of physical fitness components (low vs. high) with self-esteem in adolescents, and to examine the combined influence of physical fitness on self-esteem. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Genetic analysis of sixteen autosomal STR loci in three Tunisian populations from Makthar, Nabeul and Sousse.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Dec 17;48(7-8):590-597. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

Laboratory of Genetics, Immunology and Human Pathologies, Faculty of Science of Tunis, University Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background: Due to its strategic location, Tunisia witnessed the succession and influence of many civilisations throughout history. However, the majority of studies carried out on Tunisia are focussed on Barbarian ethnicity.

Aim: To estimate genetic diversity and genetic structure of three Tunisian populations using autosomal STRs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021