596 results match your criteria Annals Of Global Health[Journal]


Addressing Climate Change Communication: Effective Engagement of Populations for Climate Action in the US and Globally.

Ann Glob Health 2020 May 22;86(1):54. Epub 2020 May 22.

MGH Institute of Health Professions, US.

Background: Communication about climate change is critical in addressing the greatest public health challenge of our time. Public health professionals must convey the human implications of climate change and educating populations regarding climate change as a threat to the health and wellbeing of people globally. Effective communication to engage individuals, communities, and populations is critical to debate as we focus on the most urgent public health problem of our time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243828PMC

Validation of Whole Blood Rapid Diagnosis Test for Hepatitis B.

Ann Glob Health 2020 May 21;86(1):53. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, NL.

We recently published a report validating point-of-care rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for the diagnosis of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in serum. In the current report, we validated a whole-blood RDT for HBsAg in the form of a test-strip. The test was validated in 55 HBV positive individuals across all genotypes other than F, and in 20 HBV negative individuals in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2866DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243833PMC

Graduate Midwifery Education in Uganda Aiming to Improve Maternal and Newborn Health Outcomes.

Ann Glob Health 2020 May 21;86(1):52. Epub 2020 May 21.

Seed Global Health, US.

Background: Maternal and newborn health outcomes in Uganda have remained poor. The major challenge affecting the implementation of maternal and newborn interventions includes a shortage of skilled midwives. In 2013, Lira University, a Ugandan Public University, in partnership with Seed Global Health, started the first Bachelor of Science in Midwifery (BScM) in Uganda with a vision to develop a Master of Science in Midwifery (MScM) in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2804DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243829PMC

Which Country is Truly Developed? COVID-19 has Answered the Question.

Ann Glob Health 2020 05 18;86(1):51. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, US.

The developed countries of the world were ill-prepared for the pandemic that they have suffered. When we compare developed to developing countries, the sophisticated parameters we use do not necessarily address the weaknesses in the healthcare systems of developed countries that make them susceptible to crises like the present pandemic. We strongly suggest that better preparation for such events is necessary for a country to be considered developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243834PMC

Developing and Implementing the Family Nurse Practitioner Role in Eswatini: Implications for Education, Practice, and Policy.

Ann Glob Health 2020 May 18;86(1):50. Epub 2020 May 18.

University of Massachusetts Boston, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, US.

Introduction: Eswatini, a small, largely rural country in Southern Africa, has a high burden of morbidity/mortality in the setting of a critical shortage of human resources for health. To help achieve universal access to healthcare across the lifespan, the advanced practice family nurse practitioner (FNP) role was proposed and is in the process of being implemented.

Methods/approach: The PEPPA framework (articipatory, vidence-based, atient focused rocess for dvanced practice nursing) illustrates the steps in the process of developing and implementing the FNP role in a country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2813DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243836PMC

Nurse Expertise: A Critical Resource in the COVID-19 Pandemic Response.

Ann Glob Health 2020 05 11;86(1):49. Epub 2020 May 11.

Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, AU.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2898DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227394PMC

Health Disparities: A Perspective on Internal Migration and Health Behavior in Sudan.

Ann Glob Health 2020 May 5;86(1):48. Epub 2020 May 5.

Gender and Development Studies, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), TH.

Background: Natural hazards, poor socio-economic conditions, low literacy levels, and long-standing conflicts affect traditional gold miners in Sudan and contribute to multiple health vulnerabilities. An extensive survey reveals differential health risk among internal migrant miners leading to short-, medium-, and long-term health consequences and disparities. The need to identify determinants of health behavior and limited prior research on internal migrants involved in traditional gold mining in Sudan motivated this research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2589DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7207254PMC

Comparing Approaches to Research in Global and International Health: An Exploratory Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 29;86(1):47. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Health, Social and Welfare Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, NO.

Background: Global health is a term often used interchangeably with international health due to overlapping similarities and unclear distinctions. While some international health supporters argue that global health as a field is unnecessary as it is simply a duplicate of international health, global health supporters argue that global health is unique; for instance, it actively includes elements of empowerment and promotes cross-border collaboration.

Objective: To investigate differences and similarities in research representing the fields of global and international health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2799DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193757PMC

Epidemiologic Profile of Overweight and Obesity in Abidjan, Ivory Coast: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 29;86(1):46. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Microbiology, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, CN.

Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is high, and it is estimated to increase within the next ten years. In Ivory Coast, the rise in and public health consequences of overweight and obese people are evident. Moreover, data concerning this status are scarce, old, local, and describe only a small sample of the population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2755DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193754PMC

Eswatini Nursing Council Regulatory Reforms: Process towards Entry to Practice Examination.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 28;86(1):45. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Seed Global Health, Boston, Massachusetts, US.

Objective: To identify and to measure entry level competencies (knowledge, skills, attitudes, judgements) for nurses to practice safely and effectively in the Kingdom of Eswatini.

Introduction: Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, is a small sub-Saharan country between South Africa and Mozambique. There are four nursing programs approved by the Eswatini Nursing Council (ENC) that provide nursing education in the areas of general nursing, midwifery, mental health and community health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193753PMC

Midwife Led Units: Transforming Maternity Care Globally.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 28;86(1):44. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Kamuzu College of Nursing, MW.

Background: Midwifery-led care is a high-certainty, evidence-based strategy to improve maternity care. Midwife-led units (MLUs) are one example of how the midwifery model of care is being integrated into existing health systems to transform maternal health around the world.

Purpose: To promote global investment in MLUs by describing the benefits, current advances and future directions of this model of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2794DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193683PMC

Diabetic Microvascular Complications Among Children and Adolescents in Northwestern Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 24;86(1):43. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Weill Bugando School of Medicine, Mwanza, TZ.

Background: Africa is experiencing a rapid increase in morbidity and mortality related to diabetes mellitus (DM). Contemporary data are needed to guide efforts to improve prevention and treatment for microvascular complications in children and adolescents in Africa. This study was conducted to assess prevalence of diabetic microvascular complications in northwestern Tanzania, including nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy, as well as associated risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2669DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181947PMC

Global Health Education Programs in the Americas: A Scoping Review.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 21;86(1):42. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Global Health and Tropical Diseases (GHTM), PT.

Background: The interest in Global Health (GH) as an academic discipline has increased in the last decade. This article reports the findings of a scoping review of studies about Global Health education in the Americas.

Objective: To analyse educational programs on global health in the Americas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181949PMC

Unblocking Barriers of Access to Hepatitis C Treatment in China: Lessons Learned from Tianjin.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 6;86(1):36. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

School of Public Health, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College 5 Dongdansantiao, Beijing, CH.

Background: The high price is a critical barrier of access to new direct-anting-antiviral (DAA) therapies for hepatitis C for both the patients and the society. Many countries continue to face the challenge of financing such expensive medicines. Such examples include both high-income and middle-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181951PMC

Global Prevalence and Device Related Causes of Needle Stick Injuries among Health Care Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 6;86(1):35. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

American Nurses Association, Massachusetts, US.

Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) suffer more than 2 million occupational needle-stick injuries (NSIs) annually.

Goal: To determine the global prevalence and causes of NSIs among HCWs.

Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, three databases (PubMed, Web of science, and Scopus) were searched for reports from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181946PMC

Medical Approach to Refugees: Importance of the Caring Physician.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 16;86(1):41. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Paris-Saclay University (UVSQ), Laboratory of Anthropology, Archaeology & Biology (LAAB), Montigny-Le-Bretonneux, FR.

Migrants pose many challenges to recipient countries, including preparedness and resilience of health systems and provision of access to health services. Refugees and asylum seekers comprise a heterogenous group with significant and complex health needs, including the physical and mental consequences of violence. Physicians are often on the frontline in providing care for these unassisted, vulnerable and often maligned and misunderstood population groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2779DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164381PMC

Building Career Development Skills for Researchers: A Qualitative Study Across Four African Countries.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 13;86(1):40. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Career development skills are widely advocated as part of research capacity building and strengthening efforts. However, there is a gap in knowledge on their acceptability in low- and middle-income countries.

Objective: This study aimed to examine how a group of 16 early-career researchers in sub-Saharan Africa experienced a career development skills course and how they perceived the utility of the course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164382PMC

Developing Strategies for Sustainable Medical Equipment Maintenance in Under-Resourced Settings.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 13;86(1):39. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, US.

Engineering technology plays a pivotal role in the delivery of health care in under-resourced countries by providing an infrastructure to improve patient outcomes. However, sustainability of these technologies is difficult in these settings oftentimes due to limited resources or training. The framework presented in this editorial focuses on establishing medical and laboratory equipment sustainability in developing countries and is comprised of four steps: 1) establishing reliable in-country relationships with stakeholders, 2) identifying needs for sustainable solutions locally, 3) exploring potential solutions and assessing their effort-to-impact ratios, and 4) working with strategic partners to implement solutions with clear performance metrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2584DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164383PMC

Epidemiological Patterns of Animal Bites in the Najafabad, Center of Iran (2012-2017).

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 7;86(1):38. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Research Center for Health Sciences, Institute of Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR.

Background: Animal bite due to the risk of rabies is a major public health problem. Rabies is of great importance because of fatalities and economic damage.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological patterns of animal bite in Najaf Abad during the years of 2012 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7147681PMC

Changing the Narrative for Nursing Globally.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Apr 6;86(1):37. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Office of Global Health, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, US.

Worldwide celebration of the Year of the Nurse and the Midwife boosts innovative efforts by academic nursing schools to change the narrative for the nursing profession globally. These innovations have the potential to disrupt narratives that perpetuate negative perspectives and to replace them with counter-narratives that elevate, motivate and empower the professions to the benefit of health service delivery and health systems globally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7147676PMC

Perspectives and Solutions from Clinical Trainees and Mentors Regarding Ethical Challenges During Global Health Experiences.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 26;86(1):34. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Harvard Medical School, US.

Background: Clinical trainees face challenges throughout short-term experiences in global health (STEGH) that are not routinely addressed.

Objectives: Describe common professional and ethical dilemmas faced by clinical trainees and identify gaps and solutions for pre, during, and post-STEGH training and mentoring.

Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods study among trainees and mentors involved in global health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7101005PMC

Integration of Chronic Oncology Services in Noncommunicable Disease Clinic in Rural Rwanda.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 23;86(1):33. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima, Kigali, RW.

Background: In rural sub-Saharan Africa, access to care for severe non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is limited due to myriad delivery challenges. We describe the implementation, patient characteristics, and retention rate of an integrated NCD clinic inclusive of cancer services at a district hospital in rural Rwanda.

Methods: In 2006, the Rwandan Ministry of Health at Rwinkwavu District Hospital (RDH) and Partners In Health established an integrated NCD clinic focused on nurse-led care of severe NCDs, within a single delivery platform. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7101006PMC

Exposure to Wood Smoke and Associated Health Effects in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 20;86(1):32. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Experimental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, NG.

Background: Observational studies suggest that exposure to wood smoke is associated with a variety of adverse health effects in humans.

Objective: We aimed to summarise evidence from sub-Saharan Africa on levels of exposure to pollutants in wood smoke and the association between such exposures and adverse health outcomes.

Methods: PubMed and Google scholar databases were searched for original articles reporting personal exposure levels to pollutants or health outcomes associated with wood smoke exposure in Sub-Saharan African population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082829PMC

Spatiality in Health: The Distribution of Health Conditions Associated with Electronic Waste Processing Activities at Agbogbloshie, Accra.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 18;86(1):31. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

University of Ghana School of Public Health, GH.

Background: A walk through the Agbogbloshie e-waste recycling site shows a marked heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of the different e-waste processing activities, which are likely to drive clustering of health conditions associated with the different activity type in each space.

Objective Of Study: To conduct a spatial assessment and analysis of health conditions associated with different e-waste activities at different activity spaces at Agbogbloshie.

Methods: A choropleth showing the various activity spaces at the Agbogbloshie e-waste site was produced by mapping boundaries of these spaces using Etrex GPS device and individuals working in each activity spaces were recruited and studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082828PMC

Prevalence of Cervical Cancer Screening and Awareness among Women in an Urban Community in South India-A Cross Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 16;86(1):30. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Community Medicine, Low Cost Effective Care Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, IN.

Background: Although the incidence of cervical cancer has declined in developed countries, cervical cancer remains a major problem in those that are developing. Past studies suggest that Indian women, who account for at least one-fourth of the global disease burden, are not routinely screened.

Objectives: Among the women living in our low-income urban community in South India, we sought to determine the prevalence of screening and to assess women's knowledge of cervical cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2735DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082824PMC

Nationwide Hospital-Based Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E Virus in Bangladesh.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 16;86(1):29. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

icddr,b (International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh), Dhaka, BD.

Background: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) are transmitted by the fecal-oral route and are responsible for epidemic and sporadic outbreaks of acute hepatitis in low-income countries like Bangladesh.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the seroprevalence of acute hepatitis due to HAV and HEV infection in Bangladesh.

Methods: The nationwide food-borne illness surveillance started in 2014 at 10 different hospitals which covered seven divisions of Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082825PMC

The Effect of Pediatric Colorectal Short-Term Medical Service Trips on Self-Reported Confidence in Patient Care in Volunteers in the Home Country.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 12;86(1):28. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Division of Surgery, Clinical Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, AT.

Introduction: Short-term international medical service trips (MST) are established means to access specialized medical aid in resource-limited areas. The field of pediatric colorectal surgery is a subspecialty in pediatric surgery that mainly treats anorectal malformations (ARM) and Hirschsprung disease (HD). This study aimed to investigate the impact of MST on the donors' perception of competency concomitantly to the impact on patients in the donors' home country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068847PMC

An International Partnership of 12 Anatomy Departments - Improving Global Health through Internationalization of Medical Education.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 6;86(1):27. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, US.

Background: At a time of global interconnectedness, the internationalization of medical education has become important. Anatomy as an academic discipline, with its close connections to the basic sciences and to medical education, can easily be connected with global health and internationalization of medical education. Here the authors present an international program based on a partnership between twelve anatomy departments in ten countries, on four continents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2665DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059426PMC

A Catholic Contribution to Global Public Health.

Authors:
Michael Rozier

Ann Glob Health 2020 Mar 2;86(1):26. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Health Management and Policy, Saint Louis University College for Public Health and Social Justice, St. Louis, MO, US.

Global public health has several persistent challenges that require partnerships to properly solve. A global institution with the resources and influence of the Catholic Church, even though its health-related efforts have traditionally focused on the provision of direct medical care, could be a more valuable partner for global public health than it traditionally has been. The challenges are not technical in nature, but are conceptual ones that prevent global public health from achieving its full potential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2762DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059419PMC

Cardiovascular Diseases in Central and Eastern Europe: A Call for More Surveillance and Evidence-Based Health Promotion.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 26;86(1):21. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Division of Preventive Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, US.

Objectives: The paper aims to identify the priorities for cardiovascular health promotion research in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), the region with the highest cardiovascular diseases (CVD) burden in the world.

Methods: This narrative review covered peer-reviewed publications and online databases using a nonsystematic purposive approach.

Results: In despite of a steady decrease in CVD burden in the region, the East-West disparities are still significant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2713DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059421PMC
February 2020

Comparison of Hypertension in Migrant and Local Patients with Atherosclerotic Diseases: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shanghai, China.

Ann Glob Health 2020 Feb 28;86(1):25. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital affiliated to Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, CN.

Background: Hypertension and its complications represent major health problems worldwide and are distributed differently in different populations. This study aimed to reveal the differences between two populations of patients with hypertension who had atherosclerotic complications: local residents in and migrants to the city of Shanghai, China.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among hospitalized patients with hypertension age 21-65 years in Pudong District. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047765PMC
February 2020

Sexual Health of Haitian Immigrants in Southern Brazil: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 27;86(1):24. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Collective Health, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre (UFSCPA), BR.

Background: Some specific groups, such as immigrants, are considered at significantly high risk of developing poor sexual health (SH), specifically in relation to sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, despite the high number of Haitian immigrants living in southern Brazil, a study that assessed the SH of these immigrants has not been conducted yet.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the sexual health of Haitian immigrants in southern Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2666DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047766PMC
February 2020

Folic Acid Supplement Intake and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Women; A Case Control Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 27;86(1):23. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, NL.

Background: An ongoing controversy exists on the role of folic acid supplementation in colorectal cancer risk among epidemiological studies.

Objective: To assess the association between maternal folic acid supplementation and colorectal cancer risk.

Methods: A paired matched case control study of 405 subjects was performed, including women residing in 135 villages of East Azerbaijan, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047757PMC
February 2020

Risk Factors of Respiratory Diseases Among Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Qena University Hospital, Egypt.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 26;86(1):22. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Qena Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University, EG.

Background: Respiratory diseases in newborns are considered major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. Its causes are diverse and require early detection and management. This study aimed for detection of the prevalence and risk factors of respiratory diseases in addition to outcome among neonates admitted in neonatal intensive care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047767PMC
February 2020

Lead Concentrations in Mexican Candy: A Follow-Up Report.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 25;86(1):20. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

National Institute of Public Health, Universidad Colonia Santa María, Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera, Cuernavaca, Morelos, MX.

Background: Lead is a neurotoxic metal potentially affecting the developing brain. Children are particularly susceptible since they can absorb between 50% and 100% of ingested lead. There is no safe level for lead, therefore preventing exposure is crucial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047762PMC
February 2020

Epidemiology and Perioperative Mortality of Exploratory Laparotomy in Rural Ghana.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 25;86(1):19. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, US.

Background: Perioperative mortality rate (POMR) has been identified as an important measure of access to safe surgical and anesthesia care in global surgery. There has been limited study on this measure in rural Ghana. In order to identify areas for future quality improvement efforts, we aimed to assess the epidemiology of exploratory laparotomy and to investigate POMR as a benchmark quality measure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047759PMC
February 2020

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Diabetes Mellitus in Hosanna Town, Southern Ethiopia.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 24;86(1):18. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Statistics, Wachemo University, Hosanna, ET.

Background/objectives: Diabetes is a global public health problem, and its burden is rising, particularly in developing countries. However, limited data is available from sub-Sahara African communities to assess and monitor the disease burden. The study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of diabetes in Hosanna, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047764PMC
February 2020

The Impact of Heavy Load Carrying on Musculoskeletal Pain and Disability Among Women in Shinyanga Region, Tanzania.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 21;86(1):17. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, US.

Background: Heavy load carrying has been associated with musculoskeletal discomfort (MSD) and disability. However, there is a lack of research investigating this association in resource-constrained settings where heavy load carrying by women is common.

Objectives: We assessed the impact of heavy load carrying on musculoskeletal pain and disability among women in Shinyanga Region, Tanzania, in an exploratory cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7034319PMC
February 2020

A Low-Cost Humidity Control System to Protect Microscopes in a Tropical Climate.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 13;86(1):16. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, US.

Introduction: A clean and functional microscope is necessary for accurate diagnosis of infectious diseases. In tropical climates, high humidity levels and improper storage conditions allow for the accumulation of debris and fungus on the optical components of diagnostic equipment, such as microscopes.

Objective: Our objective was to develop and implement a low-cost, sustainable, easy to manage, low-maintenance, passive humidity control chamber to both reduce debris accumulation and microbial growth onto the optical components of microscopes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7019200PMC
February 2020

Perceived Health System Barriers to Tuberculosis Control Among Health Workers in South Africa.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 12;86(1):15. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, CA.

Background: The healthcare workforce in high tuberculosis burden countries such as South Africa is at elevated risk of tuberculosis infection and disease with adverse consequences for their well-being and productivity. Despite the availability of international guidelines on protection of health workers from tuberculosis, research globally has focused on proximal deficiencies in practice rather than on health system barriers.

Objective: This study sought to elicit perceptions of informed persons within the health system regarding health system barriers to protecting health workers from tuberculosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7019201PMC
February 2020

Litigation to Access Health Services: Ally or Enemy of Global Public Health?

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 7;86(1):14. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Medical College of Wisconsin, US.

Background: Some scholars and global health advocates argue that litigation is a strategy to advance public health care, especially in those countries that do not have specific legislation to guarantee access to basic health care services. However, strategic litigation has another side, known as judicialization of the right to health, particularly present in the Latin American region where most countries incorporate the right to health into their constitutions, but their citizens still struggle with health disparities.

Objectives: Considering these two perspectives on litigation in health care, this paper examines the phenomenon of litigation in health care and its impact on public health in Brazil, where there is an ambiguous process of litigation in health care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2760DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006583PMC
February 2020

Efficacy and Safety of Pharmacoinvasive Strategy Compared to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the Management of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Country-Wide Registry.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 5;86(1):13. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Ciccarone Center for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, US.

Background: A pharmacoinvasive reperfusion strategy is recommended for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients when primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) cannot be achieved in a timely fashion. This is based on a limited number of trials. The effectiveness of this strategy in the real-world is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2632DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006601PMC
February 2020

Caribbean Diaspora Healthy Nutrition Outreach Project (CDHNOP): A Qualitative and Quantitative Approach to Caribbean Health.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 4;86(1):12. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Dr. Kiran C. Patel College of Allopathic Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Davie, US.

Background: Obesity prevention and its associated co-morbidities such as diabetes require a multi-tiered, culturally sensitive, population-based approach. South Florida's tri-county area is home to approximately 75% of Florida's total Caribbean immigrant population. This project is the first Caribbean-focused intervention using the or format which designates whether a food or beverage should be chosen frequently ( - green), less often ( - yellow), or rarely ( - red) based on the content of nutrients, sodium, fat, and sugar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2657DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006587PMC
February 2020

The Comparison of the Adverse Events of Pentavalent Vaccine and DPT Vaccine in 2-6 Months Infants in Iran: A National Study.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 3;86(1):11. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR.

Background: Vaccination is the most remarkable intervention in public health and is an effective strategy in controlling infectious diseases among infants.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the adverse events of Pentavalent vaccine and DPT vaccine in two- to six-month-old infants in Iran.

Methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional study in which healthy infants aged two to six months, having received DPT vaccine in 2013 and Pentavalent vaccine in 2015, were studied for any experienced adverse events related to these vaccines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006586PMC
February 2020

Provision of Care to Preterm Infants at Resource Limited Health Facilities of Mopani District, South Africa.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 3;86(1):10. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Advanced Nursing Science, University of Venda, ZA.

Background: Inadequate neonatal facilities in rural areas is one of the challenges affecting the management of preterm infants. In low income countries with limited resources, over 90% of preterm babies die within few days of life.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the challenges encountered by midwives when providing care to preterm infants at resource limited health facilities in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006596PMC
February 2020

Primary Care 2030: Creating an Enabling Ecosystem for Disruptive Primary Care Models to Achieve Universal Health Coverage in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 3;86(1). Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Harvard Medical School, Program in Global Primary Care and Social Change, Boston, US.

Background: Forty years after Alma Ata, there is renewed commitment to strengthen primary health care as a foundation for achieving universal health coverage, but there is limited consensus on how to build strong primary health care systems to achieve these goals.

Methods: We convened a diverse group of global stakeholders for a high-level dialogue on how to create an enabling ecosystem for disruptive primary care innovation. We focused our discussion on four themes: workforce innovation and strengthening; impactful use of data and technology; private sector engagement; and innovative financing mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006582PMC
February 2020

Risk Factors for Stunting in Children under the Age of 5 in Rural Guatemalan Highlands.

Ann Glob Health 2020 02 3;86(1). Epub 2020 Feb 3.

East Carolina University, US.

Background: Previously, a study conducted by UNICEF found that malnutrition affects approximately 80% of the indigenous children in Guatemala.

Objective: Identify prevalence and risk factors for stunted growth in communities surrounding Lake Atitlán, Guatemala.

Methods: Height-for-age measurements of children under the age of five, N = 84, determined stunting prevalence and presumed burden of malnutrition in this region of the Guatemalan highlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006585PMC
February 2020

Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Population of Pakistan: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cross-Sectional Surveys.

Ann Glob Health 2020 01 31;86(1). Epub 2020 Jan 31.

National Health Research Complex, PHRC Research Center, Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, PK.

Background: The clinical and methodological diversity observed in national and regional diabetes surveys, emphasized on the need of the weighted average prevalence of diabetes.

Objective: To measure the pooled prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the adult population of Pakistan.

Methods: The prospective cross-sectional studies reporting adult diabetes in Pakistan and published on any date were retrieved from PubMed, ScienceDirect and PakMediNet databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6993597PMC
January 2020

Emergency Department Design in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Lessons from a University Hospital in Haiti.

Ann Glob Health 2020 01 20;86(1). Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, US.

Background: Studies from high-income settings have demonstrated that emergency department (ED) design is closely related to operational success; however, no standards exist for ED design in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Objective: We present ED design recommendations for LMICs based on our experience designing and operating the ED at Hôpital Universitaire de Mirebalais (HUM), an academic hospital in central Haiti. We also propose an ideal prototype for similar settings based on these recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6978988PMC
January 2020

Assessing Providers' Approach to Hypertension Management at a Large, Private Hospital in Kampala, Uganda.

Ann Glob Health 2020 01 14;86(1). Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Health System Design and Global Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, US.

Background: Hypertension is increasingly prevalent in Uganda and its clinical management remains suboptimal across the country. Prior research has elucidated some of the factors contributing to poor control, but little is known about providers' approaches to hypertension management and perceptions of barriers to care. This is particularly true in private health care settings - despite the fact that the private sector provides a substantial and growing portion of health care in Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6966335PMC
January 2020