453 results match your criteria Annals Of Global Health[Journal]


Cervical Cancer Screening in HIV-Positive Farmers in South Africa: Mixed-Method Assessment.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, US.

Background: In 2015, a See and Treat cervical cancer screening program was implemented at a local HIV clinic in Limpopo, South Africa, where infrastructure limited adequate Pap smear usability.

Objective: The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the quality and sustainability of the implemented program.

Methods: A mixed-methods program analysis was conducted at 18-months post implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.37DOI Listing

Assessment of Blood Donation and Transfusion in Eastern Uganda: A Mixed-Methods Study.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Center for Global Surgical Studies, Department of Surgery, University of California, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital & Trauma Center, San Francisco, US.

Background: Blood and blood products are essential in the management of injuries, medical illnesses, and childbirth. Chronic shortages in the blood supply perpetuates the high levels of morbidity and mortality from injury and treatable diseases. Patients in low- and middle-income countries are frequently unable to access blood units necessary for transfusion in a timely manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2426DOI Listing

Exploring the Use of Technology for Sexual Health Risk-Reduction among Ecuadorean Adolescents.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, EC.

Background: There is a lack of sexual health knowledge and resource access among youth in Latin America, along with rising rates of teenage pregnancy and STD transmission.

Objective: To determine baseline sexual health knowledge and the acceptance of a technology based sexual health risk-reduction program among Ecuadorean adolescents.

Methods: We used mixed methods to determine the sexual health knowledge and practices, and technology use among 204 adolescents from two schools in Cumbayá and Lumbisí, Ecuador. Read More

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https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.5334/aogh.35/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.35DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Knowledge and Awareness of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Nigeria.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 11;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 11.

West African Virus Epidemiology (WAVE) for Root and Tuber Crops, Covenant University Hub, Canaanland, Ota, Ogun State, NG.

Background: The World Health Organisation recently launched a campaign to reduce Hepatitis B Viral Infections by 80% globally. Achieving this goal is partly predicated on proper awareness of persons in regions of high transmission.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection knowledge status of persons across three states in Nigeria. Read More

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https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.5334/aogh.33/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.33DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Awareness and Use of Folic Acid among Women of Childbearing Age.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 9;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

The Middle East Institute of Health Hospital, Department of Endocrinology, Bsalim, LB.

Folic acid (FA) given before and during pregnancy reduces the risk of several birth defects, including neurologic, cardiac, urinary and other congenital anomalies in the newborn. Several studies around the world showed less than satisfactory awareness and intake of this important vitamin. We undertook the task of exploring this question among Lebanese women of childbearing age. Read More

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https://annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.5334/aogh.2396/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2396DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Unpacking the Influence of Abuse and Depression on Grades among Urban Ethnic Minority Adolescents and Young Adults.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 9;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Mount Sinai Adolescent Health Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, US.

Background: Both depression and a history of abuse have known negative consequences on the overall health of adolescents and young adults (AYAs). Research is not clear, however, on the interactive influence of abuse and depression on academic achievement, especially among AYAs of color.

Objective(s): This study aims to assess the interactive influence of abuse and depression on academic grades among African American and Latino AYAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2478DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Occupational Health Problems and Safety Conditions among Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: A Cross-sectional Study in Shiraz, Iran.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 1;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR.

Background: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) include a large part of manufacturing jobs and play an important role in developing national economics and employment.

Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate occupational health problems and safety conditions among SMEs in Shiraz, Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 711 SMEs, including 371 small enterprises (fewer than 25 workers) and 340 medium enterprises (25-99 workers), in Shiraz, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2438DOI Listing

Optimizing Care for Ugandans with Untreated Abdominal Surgical Conditions.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 1;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 1.

University of Minnesota Department of Surgery, Minneapolis, MN, US.

Background: Abdominal operations account for a majority of surgical volume in low-income countries, yet population-level prevalence data on surgically treatable abdominal conditions are scarce.

Objective: In this study, our objective was to quantify the burden of surgically treatable abdominal conditions in Uganda.

Methods: In 2014, we administered a two-stage cluster-randomized Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Need survey to 4,248 individuals in 105 randomly selected clusters (representing the national population of Uganda). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2427DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Using Peer Support in Developing Empowering Mental Health Services (UPSIDES): Background, Rationale and Methodology.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 5;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

School of Health Sciences, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, UK.

Background: Peers are people with lived experience of mental illness. Peer support is an established intervention in which peers offer support to others with mental illness. A large proportion of people living with severe mental illness receive no care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2435DOI Listing

Mapping of Urinary Schistosomiasis in Anambra State, Nigeria.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 2;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Parasitology and Public Health Unit, Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, NG.

Background: Mapping the distribution of parasitic diseases in time and space has a pivotal role to play in their control.

Objective: This study mapped urinary schistosomiasis in Anambra State.

Methods: Sampling covered the three senatorial districts, Anambra North, Anambra Central and Anambra South. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2393DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effect of Birth Preparedness on Institutional Delivery in Semiurban Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 21;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, US.

Background: Ethiopia has one of the lowest rates of facility delivery and is promoting birth preparedness among pregnant women through its community health services to increase the rate of institutional delivery and reduce maternal mortality. Observational studies of birth preparedness in Ethiopia have thus far only reported the marginal effect of birth preparedness when controlling for other factors, such as parity and education.

Objectives: In this cross-sectional study, we use propensity score modeling to estimate the average population-level effect of birth preparedness on the likelihood of delivering at a facility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.920DOI Listing

Establishing Competencies for a Global Health Workforce: Recommendations from the Association of Pacific Rim Universities.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 26;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 26.

University of Southern California, US.

Background: The Association of Pacific Rim Universities Global Health Program facilitates exchange of information, knowledge and experiences in global health education and research among its 50 member universities. Despite the proliferation of global health educational programs worldwide, a lack of consensus exists regarding core competencies in global health training and how these are best taught.

Methods: A workshop was convened with 30 faculty, university administrators, students, and NGO workers representing both the Global North and South to gain consensus on core competencies in masters'-level global health training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.32DOI Listing

A Performance-Based Incentives System for Village Health Workers in Kisoro, Uganda.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 21;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, US.

Background: Village health worker (VHW) programs in Uganda have achieved limited success, due in part to a reliance on volunteerism and a lack of standardized incentive mechanisms. However, how to best incentivize VHWs remains unclear. Doctors for Global Health developed a performance-based incentives (PBI) system to pay its VHWs in Kisoro, Uganda, based on performance of tasks or achievement of targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2400DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Inequalities in Structural Social Capital and Health between Migrant and Local Hypertensive Patients.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 27;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, CN.

Background: Inequality in health between migrant and local hypertensive patients is an important public health concern. This study aims to examine the associations of registration status with structural social capital and health of hypertensive patients, as well as how structural social capital operates in the relationship between registration status and health.

Methods: We conducted an on-site based cross-sectional study in Shenzhen, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2398DOI Listing

Review of Non-Communicable Disease Research Activity in Kuwait: Where is the Evidence for the Best Practice?

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 21;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut, LB.

Background: Kuwait, a small country in the Middle East, is now facing rapid development, with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) accounting for the majority of deaths.

Objectives: In this study, we review trends in NCD research productivity in Kuwait and examine to what extent it is aligned with disease burden.

Methods: Systematic mapping of NCD papers produced between January 2000 and December 2013 yielded 893 publications. Read More

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https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.5334/aogh.2392/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2392DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Prevention of Asbestos Exposure in Latin America within a Global Public Health Perspective.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 29;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Environment and Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, IT.

Background: Asbestos consumption in Latin America (LA) amounts to 10% of yearly global production. Little is known about the impact of asbestos exposure in the region.

Objective: To discuss scientific and socio-economic issues and conflicts of interest and to summarize epidemiological data of asbestos health effects in LA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2341DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Measles-Related Hospitalizations in Italy, 2004-2016: The Importance of High Vaccination Coverage.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 19;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila.

Background: Measles is a highly contagious human infectious disease. It can lead to serious complications and often requires hospitalization. In Italy, as in other European countries, the goal of measles elimination in 2015 failed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2455DOI Listing

Heart Disease in Adult Syrian Refugees: Experience at Jordan University Hospital.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 14;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 14.

General Surgery Department, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman.

Background: Since 2011, 1.26 million Syrians have immigrated to Jordan, increasing demands on Healthcare service. Information about cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Syrian refugees in general, and specifically in Jordan, is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2474DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Are Nigerian Women Pro-Active about Noncommunicable Disease Prevention? A Quantitative Survey.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

College of Medicine, University of Lagos.

Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide with incidence increasing rapidly in developing countries. Poor utilization of preventive healthcare services contributes to this high burden.

Objective: To assess the knowledge and utilization of preventive healthcare services among women in Lagos, Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2355DOI Listing

Healthcare Service Access and Utilization among Syrian Refugees in Turkey.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 20;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 20.

University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine.

Background Aim: Many Syrian civil war refugees are housed in carefully designed camps, however 60% of all refugees in host countries reside outside of specifically designated camps. Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees displaced in the civil war of Syria. In the present study, we aimed to illustrate healthcare services provided to Syrian refugees in Turkey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2353DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Reciprocity? International Preceptors' Perceptions of Global Health Elective Learners at African Sites.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University of Utah, Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT.

Background: Short-term global health electives (STGHEs) have become increasingly common, with evidence showing educational and clinical benefits for short-term learners (STLs). Despite increased recognition that STGHEs should be mutually beneficial for host sites and STLs, evidence demonstrating the impact on international host preceptors is lacking.

Objectives: To understand international host preceptors' perceptions regarding benefits and burdens of hosting STLs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2342DOI Listing

Fifty Years of Supporting Global Health Research at the NIH Fogarty International Center.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 20;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 20.

National Institutes of Health (NIH), Fogarty International Center, Bethesda, Maryland.

For 50 years, the Fogarty International Center (FIC) has built research capacity particularly in low and middle-income countries responding to national and global public health priorities. Established in 1968 in honor of U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2432DOI Listing

Preparing Undergraduates for the Global Future of Health Care.

Authors:
Roxanne Amerson

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 19;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Clemson University, Greenville.

Background: Health professionals must be academically and experientially prepared regarding the social determinants of health to reduce health disparities at the global level. The emerging literature reflects a trend for incorporating global health competencies for health care. Specifically, recommendations from the Consortium of Universities for Global Health, National Academy of Medicine, and multiple nursing organizations encourage the inclusion of a global health curriculum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2456DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

SOSAS Study in Rural India: Using Accredited Social Health Activists as Enumerators.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 14;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Chicago, US.

Background: Global estimates show five billion people lack access to safe, quality, and timely surgical care. The wealthiest third of the world's population receives approximately 73.6% of the world's total surgical procedures while the poorest third receives only 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2340DOI Listing

Building Blocks of Global Health Mentorship: Motivation, Expectations, and Institutional Support.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 18;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, US.

Background: Global health education and training experiences are in high demand. Mentorship plays an important role in successful training, but academic institutions often lack formalized mentorship support. This study aimed to evaluate perceptions of global health mentorship across disciplines at Johns Hopkins University and to understand how to better support faculty mentorship for global health training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.1537DOI Listing

Poverty Does Make Us Sick.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 13;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

University of Windsor, CA.

This study evaluates the direct causal effects of household wealth on health. We discuss several specific mechanisms that that could relate poverty with worse health and hypothesize that poverty will undermine population health. This hypothesis was tested based on data drawn from a recent cross-country survey in 12 post-Soviet countries and Mongolia using classic regression (OLS) and instrumental variable 2SLS regressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2357DOI Listing

Introducing an E-learning Solution for Medical Education in Liberia.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):190-197. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

College of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liberia, LR.

Background: The Ebola virus epidemic and civil war in Liberia left the country in need of strengthening the health workforce. E-learning in medical education provides relevant learning opportunities for students, develops faculty competencies, and assists with the retention of healthcare workers. The Stellenbosch University Rural Medical Education Partnership Initiative (SURMEPI), the College of Health and Life Sciences (COHLS) at the University of Liberia (UL), and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) formed a partnership to create an e-learning solution for the COHLS. Read More

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https://www.annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.29024/aogh.2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.21DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Volatile Organic Compounds in Air: Sources, Distribution, Exposure and Associated Illnesses in Children.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Jul 27;84(2):225-238. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, MX.

Background: Toxic volatile organic compounds (VOC), like benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX), are atmospheric pollutants representing a threat to human health. They are released into the environment from mobile sources in urban settings, but newly polluted areas are gaining importance in countries where accelerated industrialization is taking place in suburban or rural settings.

Methods: The review includes studies done in Mexico and Latin-America and countries considered to have emerging economies and are compared with similar studies in developed countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.910DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease in Iranian Children: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 13;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR.

This study aimed to determine the causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Iranian children. In this systematic review and meta-analysis study, international (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar) and national (SID, Magiran) databases were searched for articles published through December 30, 2017. The quality of the studies was determined using the Hoy instrument. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2391DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Prenatal Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors and Cardiometabolic Risk in Preschoolers: A Systematic Review Based on Cohort Studies.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Jul 27;84(2):239-249. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (INSP), Cuernavaca, Morelos, MX.

Background: Follow-up studies have reported both positive and negative associations between prenatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and some anthropometric indicators of overweight and obesity in children. However, few studies have evaluated the effect of this exposure on cardiometabolic risk factors in preschool-age children. The health and disease development paradigm (DOHaD) proposes that the physiological and metabolic adaptations triggered by the exposure to these compounds, coupled with postnatal conditions, can modify the risk of disease. Read More

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https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.29024/aogh.911/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.911DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI): Innovations and Lessons for Health Professions Training and Research in Africa.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):160-169. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Stellenbosch University/South Africa, Stellenbosch, 7599, ZA.

MEPI was a $130 million competitively awarded grant by President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and National Institutes of Health (NIH) to 13 Medical Schools in 12 Sub-Saharan African countries and a Coordinating Centre (CC). Implementation was led by Principal investigators (PIs) from the grantee institutions supported by Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), NIH and the CC from September, 2010 to August, 2015. The goals were to increase the capacity of the awardees to produce more and better doctors, strengthen locally relevant research, promote retention of the graduates within their countries and ensure sustainability. Read More

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https://www.annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.29024/aogh.8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.8DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Building Health System Capacity through Medical Education: A Targeted Needs Assessment to Guide Development of a Structured Internal Medicine Curriculum for Medical Interns in Botswana.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):151-159. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Botswana-Harvard Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana, ZA.

Background: Medical internship is the final year of training before independent practice for most doctors in Botswana. Internship training in Botswana faces challenges including variability in participants' level of knowledge and skill related to their completion of medical school in a variety of settings (both foreign and domestic), lack of planned curricular content, and limited time for structured educational activities. Data on trainees' opinions regarding the content and delivery of graduate medical education in settings like Botswana are limited, which makes it difficult to revise programs in a learner-centered way. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.22DOI Listing
April 2018
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Evaluation of Indian Prediction Models for Lung Function Parameters: A Statistical Approach.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 1;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Statistics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, IN.

Background: Interpretation of lung function test parameters is usually based on comparisons of data with reference (predicted) values based on healthy subjects. Predicted values are obtained from studies of "normal" or "healthy" subjects with similar anthropometric and ethnic characteristics. Regression models are generally used to obtain the reference values from measurements observed in a representative sample of healthy subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2397DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Urbanization and Socioeconomic Disparities in Hypertension among Older Adult Women in Sudan.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 5;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, LB.

Background: Evidence from the developed world associates higher prevalence of hypertension with lower socioeconomic status (SES). However, patterns of association are not as clear in Africa and other developing countries, with varying levels of socioeconomic development and epidemiological transition. Using wealth and education as indicators, we investigated association between SES and hypertension among older adult women in Sudan and examined whether urbanicity mediates the relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2404DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The Use and Perceived Barriers of the Partograph at Public Health Institutions in East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):198-203. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, ET.

Introduction: The partograph is a vital tool used to reduce maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity and to prevent prolonged and obstructed labor, as well as postpartum hemorrhage and fistula formation. This study explored the use and barriers of the partograph among obstetric caregivers in East Gojam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia.

Methods And Materials: A cross-sectional study design consisting of both quantitative and qualitative methods was utilized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.23DOI Listing
April 2018
5 Reads

Group Mentorship Model to Enhance the Efficiency and Productivity of PhD Research Training in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):170-175. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, UG.

Introduction: High quality PhD training in sub-Saharan Africa is important to strengthen research evidence to advance development and health. Training a critical mass of independent investigators capable of original scientific research requires strong mentorship, research environments, and international networks. We sought to iteratively improve a PhD training model in Uganda through systems capacity building. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.25DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Equitable Access to Health Professional Training in Uganda: A Cross Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):91-99. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Department of Medicine, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, Kampala, UG.

Objective: We set out to assess inequalities to access health professional education, and the impact of an education improvement program supported by MEPI (Medical Education Partnership Initiative). Inequalities in the higher education system in sub-Saharan Africa remain despite some transformative policies and affirmative action.

Methods: We reviewed enrollment data from four universities for the period 2001-2014 for various health professional training programs, and conducted group discussions through an iterative process with selected stakeholders, and including a group of education experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.7DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Bridging the Under-Five Mortality Gap for Africa in the Era of Sustainable Development Goals: An Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) Analysis.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):110-120. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

School of Geosciences, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, NES 107 Tampa, FL 33620-5550, US.

Background: While Africa achieved significant progress in reducing under-five mortality rate (U5MR) in the MDGs era, it did not achieve the set target and still has the highest average of 81 deaths per 1000 live births compared to a global average of 43 deaths. The SDG number 3 has set a new target of reducing U5MR to 25 deaths per 1000 births in the world, which serves a huge challenge, especially for Africa. Socioeconomic inequities that remain unaddressed across countries account for Africa's high U5MR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.9DOI Listing

Validation of a Career Guidance Brochure for Student Nurses Using the Nominal Group Technique.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):77-82. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Graduate Support Research and Innovation Department, University of Pretoria, ZA.

Background: Nursing is a career which, especially for male students, requires one making an informed choice prior to pursuing it. A mixed-method, qualitative study, investigating the professional socialization process of male student nurses in Malawi found that most students did not make an informed choice regarding their selected career. This resulted in some of them facing many challenges which compromised their academic performance, and in some cases, contributed to high attrition rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.4DOI Listing

A Declining Trend of Leishmaniasis Based on Previous Data in Larstan, South of Iran 2007-2017.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 5;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Medical, Shahid behshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR.

Introduction:  Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is a unicellular of the Leishmania type, and 0.7 to 1.2 million people are annually infected by Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.1539DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Audit of Early Mortality among Patients Admitted to the General Medical Ward at a District Hospital in Botswana.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 4;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, US.

Background: Mortality among adult general medical admissions has been reported to be high across sub-Saharan Africa, yet there is a paucity of literature on causes of general medical inpatient mortality and quality-related factors that may contribute to the high incidence of deaths. Based on a prior study at our hospital as well as our clinical experience, death early in the hospitalization is common among patients admitted to the adult medical wards.

Objective: Quantify early inpatient mortality and identify factors contributing to early in-hospital mortality of medical patients in a resource-limited hospital setting in Botswana. Read More

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https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.5334/aogh.1354/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.1354DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Role of Faculty Development Programs in Medical Education at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Zimbabwe.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):183-189. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Avondale, Harare, ZW.

Background: Major challenges are being experienced in medical education in sub-Saharan African Universities. These include emigration of faculty, infrequent curriculum review, inadequate training in medical education, poor investments in infrastructure and lack of faculty development programs. The USA government committed funding to improve the quality of medical education and research capacity in sub-Saharan Africa through the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.5DOI Listing

Employment Opportunities and Experiences among Recent Master's-Level Global Health Graduates.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 13;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Oregon Health and Sciences University-Portland State University School of Public Health, Portland, OR, US.

Objectives:  To examine the job search, employment experiences, and job availability of recent global health-focused master's level graduates.

Methods:  An online survey was conducted from October to December 2016 based out of Washington, DC. The study sample includes students graduating with master's degrees in global health, public health with a global health concentration or global medicine from eight U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.305DOI Listing

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Vaccination Status of Hepatitis B among Nursing Training Students in Ho, Ghana.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Feb 28;85(1). Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Health Policy, Planning and Management, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, PMB 31, Ho, GH.

Background: Viral hepatitis B is a disease condition of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus, and it leads to complications such as cancer and cirrhosis. This poses an occupational hazard because about 66,000 health care workers get infected with the virus annually. Adequate knowledge and right attitude of health workers are required to prevent the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.750DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Environmental Epigenetic Changes, as Risk Factors for the Development of Diseases in Children: A Systematic Review.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Jul 27;84(2):212-224. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Toxicology Department, Cinvestav, Mexico City, MX.

Background: Children are susceptible to environmental contaminants and are at risk of developing diseases, more so if the exposure begins at an early age. Epidemiological studies have postulated the hypothesis of the fetal origin of disease, which is mediated by epigenetic changes. Epigenetic marks are inheritable; they modulate the gene expression and can affect human health due to the presence of environmental factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.909DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Determinants of Timely Presentation for Birth Dose Vaccination at an Immunization Centre in North-central Nigeria.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 1;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 1.

University of Ilorin, NG.

Background: Timely receipt of immunization is an essential prerequisite to ensure early protection of the child. However, a low proportion of children in Nigeria benefit from the timely administration of the birth dose vaccines.

Objectives: These were identification of factors associated with timely presentation and reasons for presentation beyond 24 hours at an immunization centre in Ilorin, Nigeria. Read More

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https://annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.5334/aogh.725/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.725DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Strengthening the Quality and Quantity of the Nursing and Midwifery Workforce: Report on Eight Years of the NEPI Project.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):31-35. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

ICAP at Columbia University, New York, US.

In response to the urgent need to scale up access to antiretroviral therapy, the Global Nursing Education Partnership Initiative (GNCBP), a PEPFAR program administered by the U.S. Department of Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), was implemented from 2011 to 2018 by ICAP at Columbia University. Read More

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https://www.annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.29024/aogh.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.6DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Children's Environmental Health in South and Southeast Asia: Networking for Better Child Health Outcomes.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Feb 25;85(1). Epub 2019 Feb 25.

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC, US.

Children are particularly vulnerable to environmental hazards because they receive higher doses of pollutants in any given environment and often do not have equitable access to social protection mechanisms such as environmental and health care services. The World Health Organization established a global network of collaborating centres that address children's environmental health (CEH). The network developed a focus on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and is broadening its reach by conducting regional workshops for CEH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2403DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical Supervision and Support: Exploring Pre-registration Nursing Students' Clinical Practice in Malawi.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Apr 30;84(1):100-109. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Faculty of Agriculture Science and Technology, North West University, Mafikeng Campus, Mmabatho 2735, North West Province, ZA.

Background: Supervised clinical practice plays a significant role in the nursing profession, as it has an influence on the students' clinical learning.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore how the pre-registration nursing students find their experience on clinical supervision in the clinical placements.

Methods: The study used both quantitative and qualitative approach to collect data through focus groups (n = 144) and self-administered questionnaires (n = 590) from nursing students of various programmes in selected colleges in Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29024/aogh.16DOI Listing

The Economic Burden of Non-fatal Musculoskeletal Injuries in Northeastern Tanzania.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Mar 4;85(1). Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, US.

Background: Although musculoskeletal injuries have increased in sub-Saharan Africa, data on the economic burden of non-fatal musculoskeletal injuries in this region are scarce.

Objective: Socioeconomic costs of orthopedic injuries were estimated by examining both the direct hospital cost of orthopedic care as well as indirect costs of orthopedic trauma using disability days and loss of work as proxies.

Methods: This study surveyed 200 patients seen in the outpatient orthopedic ward of the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center, a tertiary hospital in Northeastern Tanzania, during the month of July 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.1355DOI Listing