Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2022 05;33(2):379-407
Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Pain Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA; Koman Family Outpatient Pavilion, Center for Pain Medicine, 9400 Campus Point Drive, MC 7328, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
Interventional pain procedures offer treatments for chronic pain conditions refractory to conservative measures. Neuromodulation, including peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS), applies electrical stimuli to neural structures to treat pain. Here we review the literature on PNS for various chronic pain conditions including neuropathic pain, postamputation pain, musculoskeletal pain, migraine, and pelvic pain. Read More