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    4658 results match your criteria Annali italiani di chirurgia[Journal]

    1 OF 94

    Jaw bones regeneration using mesenchymal stem cells. A single-center experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Dec 21;6. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Purpose: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), which are multipotent stromal cells, are considered to be a promising resource in tissue engineering and tissue regeneration. MSCs have been used to generate new maxillary bone with clinically successful results. The aim of this study was to determine the role of MSC in bone regeneration procedures in patients with benign maxillary lesions. Read More

    Necrotizing fasciitis. Possible profiles of professional liability with reference to two cases.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Dec 18;6. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Necrotizing fasciitis is one of the most dangerous complication of an abscess and it is still a disease with a high mortality. In this work, we decided to consider two cases: the first one concerns a male subject, aged 66, deceased because of a fatal necrotizing fasciitis associated to a cervical descending mediastinitis, which evolved from a primary peritonsillar abscess; the second is about a 50-year-old woman with a perineal abscess, then evolved into necrotizing fasciitis associated to a fatal septis shock. After a systematic consideration of necrotizing fasciitis as pathology and an analysis of the possible related risks to a diagnostic or therapeutic delay, we analyzed the particular history of both cases to underline the possible critical issues in professional behavior of the medical staff intervened. Read More

    Does digestive symptoms require esophago gastroscopy prior to bariatric procedure? Assessment of 6 years' experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 11;6
    Aim: Performance of routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy (EGE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery is still a controversial subject. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of performing preoperative EGE in a cohort of bariatric patients.

    Material And Methods: The present retrospective study was performed between March 2010 and June 2016. Read More

    The correlation between laboratory markers and computed tomography severity index in acute appendicitis.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Oct 25;6. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Aim: This study aimed to evaluate and to investigate the association of some laboratory markers with the stage of the acute appendicitis.

    Material And Methods: The hematological parameters (white blood cell count, red cell distribution width, platellet distribution width, mean corpuscular volume, and mean platelet volume values) and tomography scans of 200 patients who admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain were retrospectively reviewed. Computed tomography grading about the severity of the cases was carried out by two radiologists, as grade 0 for normal appendix to grade 3 for perforated appencities. Read More

    Comparison of the ultrasound-guided Tru-cut biopsy with postoperative histopathology results in patients with breast mass.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 29;6. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Aim: We aimed to compare the tru-cut biopsy and postoperative pathology results of breast lesions with suspicion of malignancy. Furthermore we aimed to determine the efficacy, specificity and sensitivity of the tru-cut biopsy.

    Methodology: 140 patients who were operated due to breast mass following tru-cut biopsy were retrospectively evalu-ated. Read More

    Delayed diagnosis and treatment of high grade blunt pancreatic trauma. Case report and review of literature.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 29;6. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Introduction: Despite technological advancement, high grade pancreatic injuries following blunt abdominal trauma continues to remain a disease that is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in cases of delayed diagnosis. The aim of this paper was the presentation of delayed diagnosis and treatment peculiarities of high grade pancreatic trauma and a review of literature.

    Case Report: A 55-years old man, involved in motor vehicle crashes, was referred to our level I trauma center. Read More

    The role of self-expandable metallic stents as "bridge to surgery" for the treatment of acute malignant colorectal obstruction. Our experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:418-424
    Introduction: Despite the widespread use of screening programs, the colorectal cancer occurs in 7-29% of cases with a bowel obstruction, needing an immediate decompression treatment by emergency surgery; unfortunately, the emergency surgery is characterized by high morbidity and mortality rates. The endoscopic placement of self-expandable metallic stents can be a useful alternative, allowing to decompress the acute obstruction in a short time, in order to correct dehydration, electrolytic imbalance and to improve the overall clinical conditions prior to adequately plan the intervention of elective surgery.

    Aim: The objective of our study was to evaluate the clinical success and potential complications related to the stent placement as "bridge to surgery". Read More

    Negative pressure therapy alone or with irrigation in the management of severe peritonitis.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:412-417
    Background: Ogilvie was the first to publish on open abdomen (OA) for the treatment of the damages caused by penetrating abdominal wounds in war events. Research improved those devices that allow a controlled, homogeneous and continuous extraction of contaminated fluids from all abdominal recesses, which are nowadays the base of the "Open Abdomen" technique.

    Materials And Methods: From August 2012 to February 2016 at the Department of Emergency Surgery of Cardarelli Hospital in Naples, 40 patients affected by Severe Peritonitis have been treated with OA technique. Read More

    Laparoscopic gastric plication for the treatment of morbid obesity by using real-time imaging of the stomach pouch.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:392-398
    Background: Bariatric surgery is a continuously evolving field. Laparoscopic greater curvature plication is a new investigational procedure used to treat patients with morbid obesity. The demand for this operation from the obese patients is also rising. Read More

    Post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism, what should we keep in mind?
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:371-381
    Aim: Hypoparathyroidism and the resulting hypocalcemia is a common iatrogenic complication following surgical procedures to the neck, and commonly, to the thyroid gland. The aim of this study was to review the available literature to summarize current data related to the development of hypoparathyroidism after thyroid surgery.

    Materials And Methods: An analysis of the surgical literature was performed using the search engine EMBASE and PubMed with particular reference to the principal risk factors related to the post-thyroid surgery hypoparathyroidism. Read More

    Percutaneous treatment with radiofrequency ablation of varicose veins recurring after vein stripping surgery A preliminary study.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:438-442
    Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new treatment of recurrent varicose vein after stripping of the great saphenous vein with rigid radiofrequency needles.

    Material Of Study: 37 patients enrolled (11 males and 26 females). 10 patients had recurrent varicose veins for the presence of residual reflux in the Saphenous-Femoral Junction (SFJ) stump, whilst 21 patients for the presence of a single or multiple re-chanalized and refluxing perforator veins, and 6 had mixed rechanalization due to perforator veins and refluxing saphenous stump. Read More

    Incidental gallbladder cancer at cholecystectomy.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:399-402
    Background: Gallbladder tumours rank fifth in the world among gastrointestinal system tumours. Coincidental gallbladder tumours are diagnosed during cholecystectomies, or by examining the cholecystectomy material.

    Aims: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of gallbladder cancer among patients undergoing cholecystectomies due to gallbladder disease. Read More

    One stage surgery for synchronous liver metastasis from a neuroendocrine tumor of the colon. A case report.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 20;6. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a heterogeneous group of tumors. NET of colon represent less than 1% of colonic tumors. Synchronous liver metastases, present in 75-80%, are considered significant adverse prognostic indicators. Read More

    The effect of body mass index on chest trauma severity and prognosis.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 11 14;88(5):289-391. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Aim: Patients with thoracic trauma constitute one third of all the trauma cases, in west Sicily were recorded 941 thoracic trauma during the period between 2006 and 2009. Sicily is one of the Italian regions with the highest rate of obesity: some studies have demonstrated that obesity is an independent risk factor for mortality in high energy blunt traumas.

    Material Of Study: This study was conducted with trauma patients older than 20 years old who presented to our Department during the last five years. Read More

    Pulmonary aspiration in adjustable gastric banding carriers undergoing a second surgical procedure. Considerations on personal experience and review of the literature.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 7;6. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Background: The observation of a relatively high number of pulmonary aspirations (PA) among gastric band (GB) carriers undergoing a second surgery, prompted us to modify our strategy for GB patients candidate to further operation under general anesthesia.

    Material Of Study And Results: In January 2013, following the occurrence of PA at the induction of general anesthesia in 1 GB carrier undergoing a further operation, we reviewed our Data Base between January 2005 and 2013, to explore the rate of pulmonary aspiration in patients GB carriers undergoing a second surgery. Considering the rate (3/172 - 1. Read More

    Is ultrasound a reliable diagnostic tool for acute appendicitis? A single centre experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 14;6. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Aim: Aim of the present study is to evaluate the utility of US as a diagnostic method for acute appendicitis (AA) in a district general hospital, by use of accurate quality indices.

    Material And Methods: The records of all patients who underwent an appendicectomy in a one year period in a single centre were reviewed. The patients who underwent a preoperative US scan were included in the study in accordance to specific criteria and the results were statistically compared to the final surgical histology. Read More

    Completion axillary lymph node dissection can be avoid in patients with invasive breast cancer and sentinel lymph node micrometastases.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 14;6. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Background: The prognostic value of sentinel lymph node (SLN) micrometastases in invasive breast cancer patients is still widely debated. Even if, in the absence of unequivocal guidelines, the axillary lynphadenectomy is not still performed in the routine clinical care of these patients.

    Materials And Method: We have retrospectively analyzed 897 patients with operable invasive breast cancer and clinically negative axillary lymph nodes underwent conservative surgery or total mastectomy with SLN biopsy. Read More

    Incidental finding of upper lip Warthin tumor.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Nov 14;6. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Aim: This report shows an incidental finding of Warthin tumor in upper lip mucosa during hospitalization for a biting lesion of cheek mucosa MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 32-year-old male affected by a biting lesion of cheek mucosa was presented at Maxillo- Facial Unit of Federico II University. Clinical examination showed as an incidental finding a solid mass in the superficial layer of upper lip mucosa. We performed mini-invasive surgical treatment to obtain a radical excision of the cheek lesion at the same time as excision of Warthin tumor. Read More

    Epigastrium: unusual site of incisional hernia from a 5 mm trocar.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Jun 12;6. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    The observation of an unusual case of incisional hernia, found in the epigastric zone at the site of a 5 mm trocar incision for a cholecystectomy, has caused us to describe it and to review the literature. C.A. Read More

    Spleen preserving distal pancreatectomy in isolated pancreatic trauma.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Sep 12;6. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Introduction: Isolated pancreatic trauma is a rare condition and commonly come up in children or young adults.The poor initial symptoms lead to delay diagnosis and treatment. The treatment of isolated distal pancreatic trauma including the Wirsung's duct is generally distal pancreatectomy. Read More

    Surgical outcomes in patients with hepatic synchronous and metachronous colorectal metastasis.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Oct 25;6. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Aim: To evaluate the impact of several clinical and pathological factors on the outcomes of surgery for hepatic colorectal cancer metastasis.

    Methods: Eighty-four liver metastasectomies in 77 consecutive patients with 90 colorectal cancer hepatic metastases were performed in our institution from 2009 to 2014. Surgery was carried out in 75 cases, as two patients were not eligible for surgery. Read More

    Risk factors for acute cholecystitis and for intraoperative complications.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:318-325
    Background: Acute cholecystitis is still frequent in emergency surgical departments. As surgical technique, nowadays laparoscopy is widely used and with low complications and with low postoperative morbidity.

    Material And Methods: We perform an analytical study about the safety of laparoscopic surgery in patients with acute cholecystitis in a single Surgical Department with an experience of over 20 years in laparoscopic surgery. Read More

    Complications after parotid gland surgery Our experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:295-301
    Aim: Complications after parotid surgery include deficit of the facial nerve, wound complications, as sialocele and salivary fistula, and Frey syndrome; the goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the type of parotid surgery performed and the incidence of each of these complications.

    Material Of Study: A total of 184 patients were evaluated and 158 were included in the study. Four different kinds of intervention were made: extracapsular dissection, partial superficial parotidectomy; superficial parotidectomy and total parotidectomy. Read More

    Axillary treatment of patients with breast cancer and micrometastatic disease in the sentinel lymph node Our experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:360-364
    Aim: Since the introduction of the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with breast cancer, micrometastases are detected frequently in the sln.

    Patients And Methods: Between July 2005 and June 2016, 1244 patients were submitted to surgery for breast cancer. 431 patients cT1-2 N0 underwent to sentinel lymph node (SLN) and micrometastases were found in 68 of 431 screen-detected patients. Read More

    T-tube biliary drainage during reconstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy. A single-center experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:330-335
    Aim: The purpose of this study is to communicate our experience about the results and effectiveness in the use of the Ttube biliary drainage during pancreaticoduodenectomy.

    Material Of Study: In accordance whit Whipple we perform the gastric antrum resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy. We have treated 42 patients with pancreaticoduodenectomy, 25 males and 17 females with a mean age of 62 years (range: 53-79 years), and in each of them we have placed a biliary T-tube. Read More

    Symptomatic pile tailored procedure. A new perspective for hemorrhoidal disease treatment.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:348-351
    Aim: Aim of the present paper was to evaluate the role of tailored different single pile treatment in the clinical outcome of hemorrhoids.

    Material Of Study: The surgical strategy considered to treat only pathological piles with different procedure according to each pathological Goligher's degree, presence of fibrous, inelastic redundant internal pile(F) and presence of external pathological pile (external pile congestion or subversion of dental line (E) and skin tag not tolerated from the patient (S)). We treated with Hemorrhoidopexy second and third degree pile without F or ES; with Hemorrhoidopexy and excision of external component every second and third degree pile with E or S and with complete semi-closed pile excision all third degree with F and IV degree piles. Read More

    How to eliminate bilateral cleft lip stigmata 30 year experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:282-287
    Purpose: To report a surgical algorithm for the treatment of bilateral cleft lip stigmata.

    Methods: The investigators designs a retrospective study composed of patients with bilateral cleft lip stigmata. The surgical approach is on the basis of the severity of the deformity and of course the age of the patient. Read More

    The impact of gallbladder retrieval from an epigastric vs. umbilical port on trocar-site complications A prospective randomized study.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:326-329
    Aim: Port-site infection and hernias are among the most of the complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although surgical technique of LC is described to obtain critical view of safety, there is still no consensus on ideal portsite for gallbladder retrieval. In this comparative study, we aimed to investigate the effects of gallbladder retrieval site on postoperative port site complications following LC. Read More

    Relationship between postoperative complications and survival after gastrectomy for cancer.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88
    Background: Surgical resection remains the main curative treatment for gastric cancer but is still affected by high postoperative morbidity and mortality rates, especially in Western countries.

    Materials And Methods: We've analyzed patients treated for gastric cancer at our Operative Unit of ent, extent of lymphadenectomy and survival. General Surgery and Organ Transplantation of the University Hospital of Parma from January 2006 till December 2010, relating the occurrence of eventual complications to sex, age at diagnosis, definitive histological examination, type and duration of surgical treatment. Read More

    In situ preservation of the partathyroid glands in total thyroidectomy: a propensity score matched analysis.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:288-294
    Aim: Severe hypocalcemia due to parathyroid gland damage may be a serious complication after thyroidectomy. In order to save parathyroid integrity we developed a no-touch parathyroid (NTP) thyroidectomy technique.

    Methods: We performed a total extracapsular thyroidectomy with NTP technique in consecutive 50 cases of benign goiter between July 2014 and June 2015. Read More

    Facial transplantation. An update of results and perspectives from tissue engineering.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:352-359
    Background/aim: Facial transplantation is a revolutionary procedure developed recently, which is indicated if autologous transfers fail to restore human appearance. More than 30 patients have undergone facial transplantation in different centers worldwide. Here, we provide an update on its main anatomical, surgical, immunological, ethical, and follow- up aspects. Read More

    Role of computer tomography and endoscopic ultrasonography in assessing portal and superior mesenteric vessels invasion in cephalo-pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:336-341
    Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the information given by contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CECT) and ultrasound endoscopy (EUS) regarding vascular involvement of cephalo-pancreatic cancer, data compared with intraoperative findings.

    Material And Methods: We choose to analyze the most often interested vessels by tumor development, such as superior mesenteric artery (SMA), superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and portal vein (PV). The patients included in the study (n=425) had a cephalo-pancreatic tumor diagnosed in our Institute and a positive histology for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Read More

    Risk factors for acute cholecystitis and for intraoperative complications.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Aug 30;6. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    laparoscopy is widely used and with low complications and with low postoperative morbidity.

    Material And Methods: We perform an analytical study about the safety of laparoscopic surgery in patients with acute cholecystitis in a single Surgical Department with an experience of over 20 years in laparoscopic surgery. We included 193 patient admitted in our department during 2014 and 2015. Read More

    Perineural infiltration as a prognostic factor in surgically treated gallbladder cancer: a single center experience and literature review.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Oct 4;6. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Introduction: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most incident cancer of the biliary tract with only 5-13% of the sufferers surviving for five years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of perineural invasion (PNI) and its association with several clinicopathological variables in a cohort of surgically treated patients, and through a comprehensive review of the scientific literature.

    Materials And Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients submitted to curative surgery for GBC from 2008 through 2016 were enrolled. Read More

    Association between neuroendocrine tumor of the ileum and two colonic primary malignancies. A case report and review of literature.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Oct 4;6. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Background: A high rate of association between neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and secondary primary malignancy (SPM) has been described in literature and this association can occur either in a synchronous or a metachronous presentation. A wide range of hypothesis has been postulated to explain the high rate of association between NETs and SPM, without definitive conclusions.

    Case Presentation: We report a case of an ileal neuroendocrine tumor found incidentally at the histologic examination of the surgical specimen in a 72 years old male underwent to right hemi colectomy for two colic adenomatous polips with high grade dysplasia. Read More

    Rosuvastatin administered intraperitoneally reduces the formation of postoperative adhesions in rats.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Sep 26;6. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Objectives: The purpose of the present experimental research was to assess the efficacy of intraperitoneal administration of rosuvastatin in preventing the formation of postoperative peritoneal adhesions.

    Material And Method: Peritoneal adhesions were induced in 120 male rats of the Wistar-Bratislava breed, divided into 4 groups (n=30), using a parietal and visceral abrasion model. Group I was designated as the control group; in the case of group II, a saline solution was administered intraperitoneally, while in the case of groups III and IV, rosuvastatin solution with a concentration of 10 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg, respectively, was administered in a single dose, during laparotomy. Read More

    A large metastatic intramammary lesion of an occult melanoma.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Sep 4;6. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Objective: Malignant melanomas presenting with unknown primaries are uncommon. In the majority of cases metastases of occult melanoma were detected in skin or in lymph nodes. Melanoma can rarely occur as a primary or metastatic intramammary tumor. Read More

    Questions from and answers to a patient with groin hernia.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:459-464
    Inguinal hernia surgical treatment are the most commonly performed operations in general surgery practice. There is a need for detailed anatomical knowledge and surgical skills to satisfactorily treat this disease. In this review, we aimed to present up-to-date information and approaches on basic diagnosis, treatment, complications and management of inguinal hernias in our institution. Read More

    Gallstone ileus in an ederly patient Case report.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Sep 4;6. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Aim: To report an another case of gallstone ileus in ederly patient that was treated with simple enterolithotomy.

    Material Of Study: We report a case of 84 years old female that was admitted with intestinal obstruction. A CT scan suggested small bowel obstruction secondary to gallstone ileus. Read More

    Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica in recurrent retrosternal goiter. Surgical management.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Sep 4;6. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare pathology characterized by a progressive segmentary stenosis of the respiratory tract due to proliferation of osteocartilagineous nodules in the lumen of the distal part of the trachea and large bronchial trunks. Prognosis is usually benign, but some cases with an acute progression and a lethal outcome have been described. Clinical presentation is non specific, the chest x-ray is generally normal and there are not typical radiological signs of suspicion: diagnosis of TPO is usually incidental. Read More

    Solitary Fibrous Tumour A rare cause of acute abdomen.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Mar 29;6. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Solitary Fibrous Tumours(SFT), previously known as haemangiopericytoma, are rarely encountered in surgery. They arise from mesenchyme tissue and can occur at several sites in the body - head and neck, extremities, thorax, abdomen and retroperitoneal space. In the thorax, where they arise from the pleura, and abdomen they may attain a large size before giving rise to symptoms. Read More

    A new approach to umbilical hernia repair: the circular suture technique for defects less than 2 cm.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:449-453
    Background: Umbilical hernia, unlike other abdominal wall hernias, occurs when the umbilical ring opens and expands. Its' symptoms and complications show similarities with other hernias. Although there are various repair techniques, there is not a standard technique yet. Read More

    Malignant transformation of a tailgut cyst.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Jul 5;6. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Introduction: Tailgut cyst are congenital cystic lesion arising from remnant of the embryological postnatal gut. Tailgut cyst are multinodular, uncapsulated and usually well-circumscribed. Presacral cysts are rare in adult and most of the lesions are benign. Read More

    The prognostic role of microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer patients.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;6:425-432
    Background: Data from the literature regarding the prognostic role of DNA mismatch repair system (MMR) in colorectal cancer are still controversial.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to identify the prognostic role of different phenotypic, clinical and pathological characteristics in microsatellite unstable vs. microsatellite stable colorectal cancer in terms of survival and disease free interval. Read More

    Decellularized human dermal matrix produced by a skin bank A new treatment for abdominal wall defects.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;5:443-448
    Background: Interest is increasing for human decellularized scaffolds for their ability to favor healing and cell infiltration after transplantation, in the treatment of abdominal wall defects. The purpose of the present study is to show the clinical results obtained after the application of human decellularized dermal matrix (HDM) produced by RER Skin Bank, on patients suffering from different abdominal wall defects.

    Methods: Between 2012 and 2014, 64 patients, average age 64 years, received HDM, to replace and cover the damage area during abdominal wall surgery. Read More

    The effect of intraperitoneal n-acetylcysteine on postoperative adhesions in rat models.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:258-262
    Aim: In this study, we researched the effect of local administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on postoperative intraabdominal adhesion formation in the rat models.

    Methods: 20 female Wistar Albino rats which were 5-7 months old are used for the study. The rats were divided into two equal groups. Read More

    Ureterocele fenestration with holmium laser in neonates.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 Jun 23;6. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of holmium-laser fenestration of intravesical ureteroceles in neonatal period.

    Material And Method: We retrospectively analyzed the results of the holmium-laser puncture in ten neonates with intravesical ureterocele, between September 2013 and September 2016. Laser probe was placed through the cystoscope to the lowest and medial portion of the ureterocele, near the bladder floor. Read More

    IORT in breast cancer. Our experience of the first patients treated.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:253-257
    Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic effect of intraoperative radiotherapy, describe the method and examine the results of our experience.

    Background: Breast conserving therapy has recently become a standard treatment modality in patients with early invasive cancer. Radiotherapy, along with surgery, is an integral part of such treatment. Read More

    Anatomical variations of cervical vein drainage in candidates for neck surgery.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:190-192
    The knowledge of both normal and abnormal anatomy of the veins of the neck may be important for surgeons performing neck surgery, to avoid inadvertent injury to vascular structures. In a 75-year-old man candidated to carotid endarterectomy preoperative CT-scan showed a rare anomaly of the venous drainage in the area of the anterior jugular vein (AJV), that usually begins in the suprahyoid region via the confluence of several superficial veins, to open into the ipsilateral external jugular vein. A large left sided venous trunk, originating from an anomalous proximal confluence with the internal jugular vein, descended in the AJV anatomical position, to cross over the sternum draining into the right subclavian vein. Read More

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