Inguinal hernia surgical treatment are the most commonly performed operations in general surgery practice. There is a need for detailed anatomical knowledge and surgical skills to satisfactorily treat this disease. In this review, we aimed to present up-to-date information and approaches on basic diagnosis, treatment, complications and management of inguinal hernias in our institution. Read More
Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare pathology characterized by a progressive segmentary stenosis of the respiratory tract due to proliferation of osteocartilagineous nodules in the lumen of the distal part of the trachea and large bronchial trunks. Prognosis is usually benign, but some cases with an acute progression and a lethal outcome have been described. Clinical presentation is non specific, the chest x-ray is generally normal and there are not typical radiological signs of suspicion: diagnosis of TPO is usually incidental. Read More
Solitary Fibrous Tumours(SFT), previously known as haemangiopericytoma, are rarely encountered in surgery. They arise from mesenchyme tissue and can occur at several sites in the body - head and neck, extremities, thorax, abdomen and retroperitoneal space. In the thorax, where they arise from the pleura, and abdomen they may attain a large size before giving rise to symptoms. Read More
Background: Umbilical hernia, unlike other abdominal wall hernias, occurs when the umbilical ring opens and expands. Its' symptoms and complications show similarities with other hernias. Although there are various repair techniques, there is not a standard technique yet. Read More
Introduction: Tailgut cyst are congenital cystic lesion arising from remnant of the embryological postnatal gut. Tailgut cyst are multinodular, uncapsulated and usually well-circumscribed. Presacral cysts are rare in adult and most of the lesions are benign. Read More
Background: Data from the literature regarding the prognostic role of DNA mismatch repair system (MMR) in colorectal cancer are still controversial.
Aim: The aim of the study was to identify the prognostic role of different phenotypic, clinical and pathological characteristics in microsatellite unstable vs. microsatellite stable colorectal cancer in terms of survival and disease free interval. Read More
Background: Interest is increasing for human decellularized scaffolds for their ability to favor healing and cell infiltration after transplantation, in the treatment of abdominal wall defects. The purpose of the present study is to show the clinical results obtained after the application of human decellularized dermal matrix (HDM) produced by RER Skin Bank, on patients suffering from different abdominal wall defects.
Methods: Between 2012 and 2014, 64 patients, average age 64 years, received HDM, to replace and cover the damage area during abdominal wall surgery. Read More
Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of holmium-laser fenestration of intravesical ureteroceles in neonatal period.
Material And Method: We retrospectively analyzed the results of the holmium-laser puncture in ten neonates with intravesical ureterocele, between September 2013 and September 2016. Laser probe was placed through the cystoscope to the lowest and medial portion of the ureterocele, near the bladder floor. Read More
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic effect of intraoperative radiotherapy, describe the method and examine the results of our experience.
Background: Breast conserving therapy has recently become a standard treatment modality in patients with early invasive cancer. Radiotherapy, along with surgery, is an integral part of such treatment. Read More
The knowledge of both normal and abnormal anatomy of the veins of the neck may be important for surgeons performing neck surgery, to avoid inadvertent injury to vascular structures. In a 75-year-old man candidated to carotid endarterectomy preoperative CT-scan showed a rare anomaly of the venous drainage in the area of the anterior jugular vein (AJV), that usually begins in the suprahyoid region via the confluence of several superficial veins, to open into the ipsilateral external jugular vein. A large left sided venous trunk, originating from an anomalous proximal confluence with the internal jugular vein, descended in the AJV anatomical position, to cross over the sternum draining into the right subclavian vein. Read More
Introduction: Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) includes several subtypes and these can be classified according to their clinical behaviours from the least invasive to the most aggressive. Moreover, it is appropriate to analyse their clinicalpathological patterns 1. In light of its wide histopathological variability, we encountered a rare malignant cutaneous lesion: a SCC of a proliferating trichilemmal tumour (PTT) nature. Read More
Aim: To assess the sentinel-node identification rate at lymphoscintigraphy and its technical feasibility after neo-adjuvant treatments.
Material Of Study: Between 2000 and 2013, 444 consecutive patients affected by primary locally advanced breast cancer were enrolled in this study. All individuals were candidate for neo-adjuvant treatments and for lymphoscintigraphy before surgery. Read More
Background: The rate of conversion to open surgery is high in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) after Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreotocography (ERCP). The present study aimed to evaluate the risk factors associated with the conversion to open cholecystectomy and minimize the rate of conversion to open surgery.
Methods: A total of 157 patients admitted to the Ondokuz Mayıs University Medical Faculty Hospital due to cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis between January 2002 and December 2012, and they receiving laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Read More
Introduction: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common malignancy of the thyroid gland and although PTC has excellent prognosis, central lymph node (CLN) metastases are not uncommon. Studies have shown that CLN metastases are associated with an increased recurrence rate. The necessity for prophylactic CLN dissection (pCCND) in clinical lymph node negative (cN0) patients remains controversial. Read More
Introduction: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is acknownledged as a popular and effective surgical option in the management of obesity and related metabolic diseases. This procedure is a remarkably safe operation from both a general surgical and bariatric perspective. It facilitates brief hospitalization and can be performed by single incision. Read More
Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies. An early and accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis is vital. Evidence for a link between platelets indices and inflammation disease comes from recent studies. Read More
Introduction: Carcinoma showing thymous-like elements (CASTLE) is a rare tumor with only a few cases described in the scientific literature. The aim of the present review is to analyze the data available on the therapeutic options employed in CASTLE tumors and to outline the best surgical management to adopt.
Materials And Methods: English-language articles published from 1985 through November 2016, and related to CASTLE cases were retrieved using the Pubmed database and specific key-words. Read More
Background: The aim of this study was to ascertain the variability and to identify a trend for the outcome of cholecystectomy surgery when used to treat cholelithiasis and acute cholecystitis.
Methods: This was a large retrospective cohort study following patients up to 11 years post surgery, based on administrative data collected from 2002 to 2012 in the Emilia-Romagna Region (Northern Italy) and comparing the effectiveness and efficiency of surgical activity (laparoscopic (LC) and open cholecystectomy (OC)). Analyses included patient characteristics, length of hospital stay, type of admission and mortality risk. Read More
Aim: Aim of the present study is to propose a clinic-therapeutic course for the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease able to combine radical anatomic surgery with a painless postoperative path.
Material Of Study: The present study is based on the evaluation of 20 selected patients who underwent radical hemorrhoidectomy for very high grade hemorrhoidal disease. The clinical course was characterized by careful bowel cleansing, hemorrhoidectomy according to Milligan-Morgan using LigaSure, intraoperative perianal infiltration of Ropivacaine and postoperative use of analgesic drugs. Read More
An acute appendicitis in the context of a De Garengeot's hernia is a very rare event and represents a hard challenge for surgeons. As only few cases have been reported in literature, there is no consensus about its optimal surgical strategy of treatment. Here we present two consecutive cases of female patients presenting an uncommon acute appendicitis in a femoral hernia treated with a combined laparoscopic/open technique. Read More
Introduction: Colo-colic intussusception is extremely rare in adults and few cases have been described secondary to a lypomatous polyp.
Case Report: We present the case of a 50-year old man with chronic abdominal pain who was diagnosed a colo-colic intussusception secondary to a lipoma of the left colon. The patient underwent laparoscopic resection of the splenic flexure without reduction, which occurred spontaneously after induction of the pneumoperitoneum, and final histology confirmed a submucosal lipoma with no evidence of malignancy. Read More
Hepatobiliopancreatic surgery is challenging becouse of the complexity of resections and reconstructions and variability of vascular anatomy. The arterial vascularization of the liver is susteined by the common hepatic artery (CHA) that originates from the celiac trunk (CT). The CHA bifurcates into the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) and proper hepatic artery (PHA) 0. Read More
A cutaneous horn could be defined as a conical projection on the surface of skin made of cornified material and resembling an animal horn. These lesions most commonly affect light-skinned men aged between 50 to 89 years and usually appear in sun exposed areas. Radiation, chronic irritation and even human papilloma virus-2 infection may be precipitating factors. Read More
Introduction: In vascular surgery the crossover iliofemoral bypass grafting is a well-known surgical technique. In general surgery the repair of an abdominal defect using a Polypropylene mesh is also a standard procedure. A particular technique is defined by the performance of these 2 separate procedures inside a single operation in which the crossover arterial graft is directed from the retroperitoneal space toward the contra-lateral femoral bifurcation through a Polypropylene mesh which closes the musculoaponeurotic layers of the abdominal wall. Read More
Aim Of The Study: Alprostadil (A) induces smooth-muscle relaxation by stimulating the increasing of intracellular cAMP. Intra-urethral administration is an alternative to its intra-cavernose injection in inducing erection. In order to understand the functional and anatomical basis for drug transfer, the possible communications of the corpus spongiosum with the corpora cavernosa were studied. Read More
Background: Thyroid nodules are usually benign; however, 5 to 15% prove to be malignant. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has become the gold standard in the evaluation of thyroid nodules, especially in single nodule more than a centimeter and / or in smaller nodule with ultrasound characters of malignancy.
Methods: We evaluated retrospectively 179 patients with "undetermined" thyroid fine needle aspiration, undergoing surgery. Read More
The ganglioneuroblastoma is a rare form of pediatric tumor, involving innerved tissues of the nervous sympathetic system, whose evolution is very hard to foresee. A 38 year-old patient whose histologic exam unexpectedly showed ganglioneuroblastoma, underwent a parotidectomy. Three years after surgery the patient is in optimal clinical conditions, without any radiological signs or clinical relapses. Read More
Spontaneous hepatic rupture without underlying liver diseases is uncommon entity. We report a rare case of spontaneous rupture of liver hematoma in patient treated with warfarin end enoxaparin sodium because of pulmonary embolism. Two day after admission the patient complained generalized abdominal pain and hemodynamic instability. Read More
Aim: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are quite rare tumors, but yet they are the most common mesenchymal lesions of gastrointestinal tract. Their outmost frequent origin site is stomach and presently surgical resection is the mainstay in the treatment of gastric non metastatic GIST. Their peculiar characteristic of growth and poor metastatic tendency make this tumors particularly prone to be managed by minimally invasive technique. Read More
The aim of the present study is to analyze outcomes after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and minilaparotomy cholecystectomy (MC) for gallstone disease and determine the algorithm of treatment for different groups of patients according to the age, severity of disease and comorbid conditions. This is a multicenter retrospective review of 2997 patients who underwent LC or MC between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2008. The patients were categorized into LC (1479) and MC (1518) groups. Read More
Aim: We propose our experience in soft tissue reconstruction in Hemifacial microsomia using a free fascioadiposal flap.
Material Of Study: Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a congenital disorder characterized by craniofacial malformation of one or both sides of the lower face. A 18-year-old female presented with hemifacial microsomia involving the left side. Read More
Aim: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by activation of autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptors: patients with MG typically experience muscle weakness and fatigue. The aims of the present study were 1) to describe immediate postoperative physiotherapeutic interventions in two MG patients who underwent thymectomy, and 2) to discuss postoperative rehabilitative issues in MG patients.
Materials And Methods: This was a non-experimental study analyzing two subjects with MG who underwent thymectomy. Read More
Aim: Placement of self-expandable metallic stent has been used for bridge to surgery in the treatment of colorectal obstruction. Our aim was to compare technical success and complication rates of covered and uncovered inserted stents in colorectal malignant obstruction patients.
Material Of Study: A series of 24 obstruction colorectal cancer patients were selected and included in the study for endoscopic stenting as a bridge to surgery: group 1 (patients with covered stents, n =12); group 2 (patients with uncovered stents, n=12). Read More
Objectives: Pancreatic surgery has been greatly influenced by the advent of laparoscopic surgery and increasing experience in its performance and by advances in techniques and surgical devices. This study aimed to represent two centers' initial experiences in laparoscopic distal pancreatic surgery.
Methods: This study was a bi-centric study including 30 patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic disorders. Read More
Laparoscopic surgery (LS) is the minimally invasive alternative to open surgery and endovascular approach for treating major aortic diseases. Only few reports in the literature describe the long-term outcomes of the laparoscopic approach for major vascular diseases. Furthermore, the widespread use of endovascular techniques has limited the use of LS to wellselected patients. Read More
Aim: The aim of our study is to demonstrate that the presence of upper wisdom teeth must be evaluated before and during Le Fort I osteotomy because attention must be focused to the disadvantages or facilitations of surgery depending on molar presence.
Materials Of Study: Our study has analyzed two groups, each one including 20 patients, 10 males and 10 females, with an age between 16-30 years. The first group was treated with le Fort I osteotomy leaving in situ the wisdom upper third molars. Read More
Background: Often, in severe obesity, diet and physical activity are not enough to achieve a healthy BMI. Bariatric surgical approach, in particular laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), has encouraging results in terms of weight loss and resolution of obesity-related comorbidities. However, several months after LAGB, some patients are enable to lose weight anymore and don't tolerate a further calibration because of its collateral effects (excessive sense of fullness, heartburn, regurgitation and vomiting). Read More
Aim: The aim of this retrospective study was to describe more than 10 years experience of a single Trauma Center about non operative management of abdominal organ injuries in hemodynamically stable patients MATERIAL OF STUDY: Between January 2001 and December 2014 ,732 consecutive patients were admitted with blunt abdominal trauma, involving liver and/or spleen and/or kidney, at the Bufalini Cesena Hospital .Management of patients included a specific institutional developed protocol :hemodynamic stability was evaluated in shock room according to the patients response to fluid challenge and the patients were classified into three categories A,B,and C.
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the role of preoperative evaluation risk for venous tromboembolism (VTE) in patients submitted to laparoscopic surgery for gynecologic benign diseases.
Methods: Date from nine hundred twenty-two women affected by adnexal benign diseases treated with laparoscopic procedures were collected and included in this study. VTE risk was assessed by "on line Caprini score calculator". Read More
Objective: Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) is a novel tumor suppressor gene that is reported to be down-regulated in various tumors including gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) originated from different locations, recently. Herein, we aimed to evaluate ING4 expression and its prognostic significance on gastric GISTs in order to add further data to the current literature.
Material And Methods: ING4 was evaluated in samples of gastric GISTs from 62 patients, by immunohistochemistry. Read More
Cancers of appendix are very uncommon. As reported in the case of 85 years old man, that underwent right emicolectomy with restoration of bowel continuity, the appendix was found to be gangrenous and perforated during the surgery. The hystology that comes out was adenocarcinoma of appendix that after 1 yars of follow up ramanins asymptomatic. Read More
Blunt colorectal traumas are rare clinical entities with a challenging diagnostic and operative management. We describe the case of a 40-year-old man, victim of an accidental fall from a height of four meters who was subsequently diagnosed to have a blunt rectal trauma. A first CT scan showed fracture of the skull and an extensive subcutaneous haematoma of the lower back associated with a fracture of the left transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae. Read More
The main question to ask himself when preparing to write an article is "why publish a scientific paper?" First of all to publish an own article qualifies his author - or authors - as "scientist". Because the surgery is a mixture of art and knowledge, which coexist and interreact mutually increasing each other, scientific publications are the world where ideas are shared. Secondly, to an academic career is essential to be Author of scientific publications; but also for those who follow an hospital career or simply exercise the surgical profession in other contexts it represents the opportunity to communicate their experience and give a personal contribution to the knowledge of the art. Read More
Aim: Trans-Abdominal Preperitoneal Patch (TAPP) repairs for Recurrent Hernia (RH) is a technically demanding procedure. It has to be performed only by surgeons with extensive experience in the laparoscopic approach. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the surgical safety and the efficacy of TAPP for RH performed in a tutoring program by surgeons in practice (SP). Read More
The role of compression stockings in the treatment of chronic venous disease was amply demonstrated. Concerning patients with chronic venous leg ulcers (VLUs), multi-layer bandage is the standard of care. Recently, multicomponent compression stocking (McCS) systems for VLUs treatment and healing nowaday have been proposed. Read More
Accidental caustic ingestions are serious medical problems especially in childhood. Various treatment modalities are being used for the complications of caustic injuries such as stricture formation. The aim of this study is to establish whether ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has protective effects on experimental corrosive esophagitis in rats. Read More