3,545 results match your criteria Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita[Journal]


Narrating and remembering as practices of care, community, and commitment in asbestos contaminated contexts.

Authors:
Agata Mazzeo

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):94-99

Dipartimento di Storia Cultura Civiltà, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

In contexts of social and environmental disasters, practices of memory and narration can become actions implemented by the affected groups to cope with the suffering related to the disaster experience, to mobilise in the name of social justice, and to favour those dynamics by which the survivors develop their sense of being part of a community. This article is based on qualitative data collected through an anthropological study based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Italy and Brazil. It discusses the practices by which the survivors of the impact of asbestos-related disaster on their lives make sense of their suffering experience and engage in a grassroots health-based movement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_17DOI Listing

"Candido's List": the workers of Collotta Cis & Figli at Molina di Ledro in Trento Province, Italy. A tale of magnesia, asbestos and work.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):90-93

Associazione Araba Fenice, Comune di Arco, Provincia Autonoma di Trento, Italy.

The study entitled "Candido's List" (La Lista di Candido) is not the work of the three authors alone. A good part of the community is entitled to feel itself coauthor, each for his/her own part, of a research project that has succeeded in blending a variety of different ingredients: history, entrepreneurship, the industrialization of the Trento Province with all its high and low points, personal life stories, medicine, genius, work, women's emancipation, the past but also the present and future. The research comprises an eloquent collection of memories and a variety of iconographic materials; it has now become a book and a travelling exhibition containing the accounts of the people who worked at the Collotta-Cis factory in Molina di Ledro. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_16DOI Listing

An outbreak of cancer and asbestosis among former amosite-exposed subjects in Ledro Valley, Italy. From discovery to environmental cleanup.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):80-89

Azienda Provinciale per i Servizi Sanitari, Provincia Autonoma di Trento, Italy.

Here are reviewed the studies conducted on asbestos-amosite pollution and its effects on the health of workers exposed from 1928 to 1973 at the Collotta-Cis factory of Ledro, Italy. The methods adopted to conduct the initial research, involving the population itself and the local administrations are described. The data summarized include: epidemiological studies of mortality carried out in 1977-85 and updated in 2009; results of the investigations carried out throughout the 1980s on the health consequences on workers, their families and residents near the factory; process of environmental cleanup from asbestos of the industrial area, completed in 1989, and the pollution risk assessment in the whole Ledro Valley. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_15DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Communication and health education in communities experiencing asbestos risk and health impacts in Italy.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):70-79

Dipartimento Ambiente e Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy - WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health in Contaminated Sites, Istituto Superiore di Sanità,Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Numerous municipalities in Italy currently experience asbestos health impact, in particular excesses of pleural mesothelioma incidence and mortality. This paper presents an integrated analysis of epidemiological studies and communication actions in affected municipalities to highlight how communication has been implemented depending on health impact evidence and involvement of local stakeholders.

Methodology: Four case studies are identified concerning industrial and natural sources of asbestos exposure having different diseases burden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_14DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Towards integration of epidemiological and social sciences approaches in the study of communities affected by asbestos exposure. Preface.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):68-69

Dipartimento Ambiente e Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy - WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health in Contaminated Sites, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_13DOI Listing

Identikit of the Umbrian traveller: analysis of clinical activity in a travel medicine unit, Italy.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):63-67

Unità Sanitaria Locale Umbria 1, Dipartimento di Prevenzione, Unità di Medicina dei Viaggi, Perugia, Italy.

A travel medicine clinic is the proper medical centre aimed to provide updated recommendations before any journey. The study aim was to assess the number of accesses during 2016 at the Travel Medicine Clinic of the Local Health Unit in the Umbria Region. An electronic ad hoc database was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_12DOI Listing

Association between epicardial fat thickness and cognitive function in elderly. A preliminary study.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):59-62

Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiovascolari, Respiratorie, Nefrologiche, Anestesiologiche e Geriatriche, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy.

Background: Recent studies suggested that the visceral fat could exert a predictive role in the pathogenesis of dementia. The aims of the present study were to evaluate: i) possible differences between groups with different epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness on the included variables; ii) the possible predictive role of the EAT levels on cognitive functioning.

Methods: 65 community-dwelling subjects were enrolled and divided into two groups: EAT < 7 mm (n = 36); EAT > 7 mm (n = 29). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_11DOI Listing

Tuberculosis outbreak in a grammar school, Serbia, 2016.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):55-58

Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia.

Serbia has a low incidence of tuberculosis (TB), with a decreasing trend in the last decade. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe an outbreak of TB infection that occurred in 2016 among students of a grammar school in Novi Pazar. A 17-year-old girl, third-grade student of a grammar school (the index case), was diagnosed with smear-positive tuberculosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_10DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Revisiting problems and solutions to decrease Mycobacterium tuberculosis pyrazinamide false resistance when using the Bactec MGIT 960 system.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):51-54

Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Pyrazinamide (PZA) is a first-line key drug used in combination with other agents for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Phenotypic and molecular assays for testing susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to PZA have been developed, with the assay in liquid medium at acidic pH in the Bactec MGIT 960 (M960) system being routinely used in the mycobacteriology laboratories. However, false resistance to PZA by this method was reported to occur by several investigators, mostly due to high Mtb inoculum, which may impair drug activity by increasing the pH of the medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_09DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Health issues and informal caregiving in Europe and Italy.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):41-50

Centro di Riferimento Medicina di Genere, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Informal caregivers are the unpaid persons who take care of a not self-sufficient family member, due to old age or chronic illness or disability. As in all the European countries, the demand for informal cares is further increased as a result of the ageing societies and the social and political fallout of informal caregiving is a very current and important issue. We have overviewed some international scientific literature, with the aim of understanding the key research objectives to be firstly pursued to address this problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_08DOI Listing

iGeneration's social media usage in retrieving information related to healthcare education: a web-based survey among Italian and Romanian undergraduate medical students.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):34-40

Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche, Università degli Studi di Foggia, Foggia, Italy.

The aim of our study was to assess medical undergraduate student's preferences associated with the value of information/learning methods via social media. An electronic questionnaire was developed and applied to undergraduate medical students from two university centers: Foggia (Italy) and Cluj-Napoca (Romania). 1196 answers were collected, 326 from the Italian university, and 870 from the Romanian university. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_07DOI Listing

Impact of the lack of integrated care for older people with urinary incontinence and their family caregivers: results from a qualitative pilot study in two large areas of the Marche Region.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):26-33

INRCA-IRCCS Istituto Nazionale di Riposo e Cura per Anziani, Centro Ricerche Economico Sociali per l'Invecchiamento, Ancona, Italy.

Objectives: Urinary incontinence (UI) may have a severe impact on older people and on their family caregivers' quality of life, especially when support services are scanty or inadequate. This study investigated the support needs and expectations of community-dwelling older people with UI and their family caregivers in the Marche Region (Central Italy).

Methods: Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were carried out to eight over-60-year-old patients with UI, four family caregivers, two representatives of the Regional Health System and two pharmacists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_06DOI Listing

Hospital discharge diagnoses in patients with positive blood cultures in an Italian academic hospital.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):19-25

SOC Microbiologia, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di Udine, Udine, Italy.

Objective: To assess the sensitivity of hospital discharge diagnoses for identifying sepsis in patients with blood culture confirmation.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Italian 1000-bed University Hospital of Udine. The administrative databases of the Hospital were used as the source of information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_05DOI Listing

Measuring health literacy in Italy: a validation study of the HLS-EU-Q16 and of the HLS-EU-Q6 in Italian language, conducted in Florence and its surroundings.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):10-18

Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

Health literacy (HL) is the capacity of individuals, families, and communities to make sound health decisions in the context of everyday life: at home, at the workplace, and in the community, marketplace, healthcare sector, and political arena. The aim of this study, as a part of a research conducted in Florence (Italy) and its surrounding, is to validate the Italian version of the short form (HLS-EU-Q16) and of the short-short form (HLS-EU-Q6) of the HLS-EU-Q47, as a part of a research conducted to assess the level of HL in a population-based sample in Florence. Two-hundred twenty-three subjects (57% females; age: 53. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_04DOI Listing

Organ donor families should be free to meet their recipients under controlled conditions if both sides wish, Italian National Committee for Bioethics says. Commentary.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):6-9

President, Nicholas Green Foundation, La Canada, CA, USA.

On 27 September 2018 the Italian Committee for Bioethics (ICB) adopted an opinion regarding the possibility of an exception to the anonymity obligation when both parties agree and have signed an appropriate informed consent form. According to the IBC any contact between the donor's family and recipient must be managed by a third-party body pertaining to the National Health Service, established to guarantee strict control over the expression of consent in order to avoid any risk of inappropriate behaviour. The paper traces how Reg and Maggie Green, on holiday from California, donated the organs of their seven-year old son, Nicholas, to seven Italians after he had been shot in a carjacking on the Salerno-Reggio Calabria highway in 1994. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_03DOI Listing

West Nile virus infection in Europe: need for an integration of occupational health practice and public health activities. Commentary.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):3-5

Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute della Donna, del Bambino e di Sanità Pubblica, Fondazione Gemelli IRCCS Roma, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

In these days, the West Nile virus (WNV), which is the most widespread arthropod-borne virus infection in the world, is an emerging issue in Europe, wherein 2018, partial figures (until 25 October) showed a number of WNV infection cases more than doupled in comparison with previous five years. This mosquito-transmitted disease is surely a challenge for policymakers, but it is an occupational hazard for outdoor workers, as well. Occupational medicine is a public health discipline based on the principles of epidemiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_02DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
0.773 Impact Factor

From the impatient doctor to the patient-doctor. Editorial.

Authors:
Oreste Tolone

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):1-2

Dipartimento di Scienze Filosofiche, Pedagogiche ed Economico-Quantitative, Università degli Studi "Gabriele D'Annunzio", Chieti-Pescara, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_01DOI Listing

Opioids prescriptions in pain therapy and risk of addiction: a one-year survey in Italy. Analysis of national opioids database.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):370-374

Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico - IRCCS - Fondazione Pascale, Naples, Italy.

Background: An "epidemic use" of legal opioids in the USA and other countries has been reported in the last 15 years. We have analysed the database of the Italian Ministry of Health regarding the prescription of opioids for pain management to verify the trend of opioids uses in Italy.

Methods: The amount of opioids prescribed for every single Italian patient in 2013 was anonymously recorded and transformed in daily MED (morphine equivalent dose). Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_04_15.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_15DOI Listing
April 2019
14 Reads
0.773 Impact Factor

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and soccer: an internet survey of 29 Italian players.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):364-369

Centro Nazionale Ricerca e Valutazione Preclinica e Clinica dei Farmaci, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: Previous epidemiological studies reported a significantly higher risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in Italian male soccer players. As a consequence, sports newspapers and news agencies focused on this issue and spread the news of 51 male soccer players with a reported diagnosis of ALS.

Design: We searched news on male Italian national soccer players with a reported diagnosis of ALS quoted from January 1, 1950 to July 31, 2016 in at least two Internet web sites or in books by journalists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_14DOI Listing

Fresh produce and microbial contamination: persistence during the shelf life and efficacy of domestic washing methods.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):358-363

Dipartimento di Sicurezza Alimentare, Nutrizione e Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

The transmission of enteric pathogens by fresh produce depends on the survival of the bacteria organisms during the product shelf-life. The removal of any potentially hazardous microorganism from the vegetables is therefore dependent on the washing and sanitizing techniques employed by individual households. For this purpose, in this work we investigated the persistence of enteric bacteria, using as model Salmonella enterica serovar Napoli (S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_13DOI Listing

The Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R): process of translation and adaptation in an Italian context.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):340-347

Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia,Università degli Studi Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: The Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) is a tool to assess women's childbirth satisfaction. The aim of this research was to achieve the cross-cultural and conceptual equivalence of the BSS-R tool in Italian.

Method: The World Health Organization (WHO) method was adopted to achieve the BSS-R in Italian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_11DOI Listing

Highly-integrated programs for the prevention of obesity and overweight in children and adolescents: results from a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):332-339

Sezione di Igiene, Istituto di Sanità Pubblica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy - Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Since overweight and obesity has become epidemic in children and adolescents, the aim of this study was to determine the role of highly-integrated programs in preventing and reducing prevalence of children and adolescent obesity and overweight, even evaluating if this approach has properly been effective in communities with different determinants as in the Pacific Area.

Methods: According to PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review of literature was conducted and a meta-analysis was performed to compare obese/overweight prevalence between the intervention and the control group.

Results: We identified 23 studies describing 14 programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_10DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Methodological approach towards a Gap Assessment of the Serbian microbiology system in the function of surveillance in line with EU standards and acquis.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):324-331

Dipartimento Malattie Infettive, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Italian and Serbian Health authorities performed an in-depth Gap Assessment of the Serbian microbiology system in the function of communicable disease surveillance using a methodology adapted to context and information needs.

Methods: There were two study phases: a capacity based survey and an equipment mapping survey. Invited participants included national health authorities, heads of national reference laboratories and of public/private diagnostic laboratories in Serbia. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_04_09.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_09DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Information needs on precision medicine: a survey of Italian health care professionals.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):316-323

Associazione Alessandro Liberati, Rome, Italy.

Background: Despite advances in technology development for precision medicine, obstacles remain as barriers to progress and change. In this context simple questions arise: what is the level of understanding of precision medicine among healthcare professionals? We tried to address this question with a survey whose objective was to explore the perception and understanding of precision medicine.

Methods: A questionnaire was administered to a sample made of oncologists, clinical and hospital pharmacists, pharmacologists and infectiologists in the context of five different Italian national congresses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_08DOI Listing

Psychometric evaluation of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) in people with chronic diseases.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):308-315

Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) in patients with chronic diseases.

Methods: Patients (n = 236) with chronic diseases completed the MSPSS and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. The MSPSS factorial structure was analysed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and internal consistency reliability was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha, the factor score determinacy coefficient and the model-based internal consistency index. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_04_07.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_07DOI Listing
April 2019
11 Reads

Comparative effects between electronic cigarette and tobacco cigarette smoke on oxidative markers in cultured immune cells isolated from rats.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):300-307

Servizio Grandi Strumentazioni e Core Facilities, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Background: Tobacco cigarette smoke (TCS) was previously demonstrated to affect the innate and adaptive immune responses as a consequence of oxidant generation which play a pivotal role in neutrophilic airway inflammation. Aim of this paper was to investigate whether electronic cigarette smoke (ECS) generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) similarly to cigarette smoke.

Method: By means of a house made apparatus, ECS and TCS were collected in fetal bovine serum (FBS) which was used to grow immune cells isolated from rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_06DOI Listing

Ultrasound B-lines for detection of late lung fibrosis in breast cancer patients after radiation therapy.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):294-299

UO di Radioterapia, Ospedale "A. Perrino", Brindisi, Italy.

Background And Purpose: Radiation therapy (RT) for breast cancer after conservative surgery can be life-saving but remains associated with significant late side effects, including lung fibrosis, detected by chest CT. Aim of this study was to assess whether lung ultrasound (LUS) may detect late lung fibrosis through the biomarker of B-lines.

Materials And Methods: We evaluated 30 women (median age 67 years, range 46-80 years) about 3-8 years after RT (follow up 38-101 months, median 58 months) for left (n = 12) or right (n = 18) breast cancer (stage 1, n = 24; stage 2, n = 6), treated with total dose 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_05DOI Listing

Ulcer-risk classification and plantar pressure distribution in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy: exploring the factors that can lead to foot ulceration.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):284-293

Physical Therapy, Speech and Occupational Therapy Department, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Plantar pressure is critical in the onset of neuropathic foot ulcers. However, risk classifications do not consider it as a stratification parameter. Whether plantar pressure distribution affects ulcer-risk was investigated. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_04_04.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_04DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

Psycho-educational group therapy in acute psychiatric units: creating a psychosocial culture. An update of spread and effectiveness of a psychosocial intervention in Italian psychiatric wards.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):272-283

Dipartimento di Salute Mentale, Azienda Sanitaria Regionale del Molise, Campobasso, Italy.

The implementation of a Cognitive-Behavioural Group Intervention (CBGI) in Italian general hospital psychiatric units started in the years 2000-2001 in two Italian regions. Over the years it has became more and more popular also in other psychiatric units located in the rest of the country. Based on the "stress-vulnerability-coping" theory, the CBGI is a replicable and innovative psychosocial intervention that promotes the active involvement of inpatients in decisions concerning their individual objectives and care. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_04_03.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_03DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Are the Italian ethics committees ready for Europe? Commentary.

Authors:
Carlo Petrini

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):270-271

Unità di Bioetica, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

The Law of 3 January 2018 established in Italy the "National Centre for the Coordination of Regional Ethics Committees for Clinical Trials of Medicines and Medical Devices for Human Use" and reduced the number of ethics committees in the country to 40. This Act should, amongst other things, facilitate Italy's compliance with the provisions set forth in European Regulation (EU) 536/2014. Hopefully, in addition to the provisions set forth in the Law, the National Centre will strive to foster the harmonisation of ethics committee procedures, in order to reform Italian legislation on the evaluation of clinical trials and, more generally, biomedical studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_02DOI Listing

The evolution of the illegal market of falsified medicines and the experience of the Italian OMCL: from control to research. Editorial.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Oct-Dec;54(4):267-269

Centro Nazionale per il Controllo e la Valutazione dei Farmaci, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_04_01DOI Listing

Population screening, monitoring and surveillance for frailty: three systematic reviews and a grey literature review.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):253-262

Health Service Executive of Ireland (Social Care Division) and National University of Ireland (Discipline of Medicine), Galway, Ireland.

Introduction: Little is known about programmes or interventions for the screening, monitoring and surveillance of frailty at population level.

Methods: Three systematic searches and an opportunistic grey literature review from the countries participating in the ADVANTAGE Joint Action were performed.

Results: Three studies reported local interventions to screen for frailty, two of them using a two-step screening and assessment method and one including monitoring activities. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_13.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_13DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Transitions and trajectories in frailty states over time: a systematic review of the European Joint Action ADVANTAGE.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):246-252

Health Service Executive of Ireland (Social Care Division) and National University of Ireland (Discipline of Medicine), Galway, Ireland.

Introduction: Frailty is a dynamic syndrome and may be reversible. Despite this, little is known about trajectories or transitions between different stages of frailty.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted, selecting studies reporting frailty trajectories or transition states for adults in any settings in European ADVANTAGE Joint Action Member States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_12DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Incidence of frailty: a systematic review of scientific literature from a public health perspective.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):239-245

Health Service Executive of Ireland (Social Care Division) and National University of Ireland (Discipline of Medicine), Galway, Ireland.

Introduction: Because of the dynamic nature of frailty, prospective epidemiological data are essential to calibrate an adequate public health response.

Methods: A systematic review of literature on frailty incidence was conducted within the European Joint Action ADVANTAGE.

Results: Of the 6 studies included, only 3 were specifically aimed at estimating frailty incidence, and only 2 provided disaggregated results by at least gender. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_11.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_11DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of frailty at population level in European ADVANTAGE Joint Action Member States: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):226-238

Health Service Executive of Ireland (Social Care Division) and National University of Ireland (Discipline of Medicine), Galway, Ireland.

Introduction: Although frailty is common among community-dwelling older adults, its prevalence in Europe and how this varies between countries is unclear.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of literature on frailty prevalence in 22 European countries involved in the Joint Action ADVANTAGE was conducted.

Results: Sixty-two papers, representing 68 unique datasets were included. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_10.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_10DOI Listing
February 2019
22 Reads

Epidemiology, surveillance and population screening of frailty. Results from the systematic reviews of the European Joint Action ADVANTAGE. Preface.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):223-225

Health Service Executive of Ireland (Social Care Division) and National University of Ireland (Discipline of Medicine), Galway, Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_09DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of health literacy skills in family doctors' patients by two brief, self-administered Italian measures.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):214-222

Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

Health Literacy (HL) is an important health determinant: low HL skills result in less healthy choices, riskier behavior, poorer health, less self-management and more hospitalization. An observational study was conducted in a selected population, attending the waiting rooms of family general practitioners, with the aim of assessing HL capabilities through the administration of two HL screeners (IMETER and SILS-IT), and comparing the two measures. An anonymous questionnaire was administered, consisting of the Italian versions of the two tests on a single sheet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_08DOI Listing
February 2019

Medicine use and recurrent complaints among 15-years-old adolescents in Tuscany.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):208-213

Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e dello Sviluppo, Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italy.

Background: The use of medicines to treat common complaints, such as headache, stomachache, difficulty in getting to sleep and nervousness, is widespread among adolescents, and is increasing. The aim of this survey was to estimate the prevalence of recurrent specific complaints among 15-year-old adolescents in Tuscany over three years (2006, 2010 and 2014) and that of medicine use to treat these complaints among boys and girls.

Methods: The present study is based on data from the Tuscan HBSC studies at three time points (2006, 2010 and 2014), which involved 2830 adolescents, aged 15 years old (1395 boys and 1435 girls). Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_07.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_07DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Relationship between anatomical sites and severity of the lesions and use of alcohol and psychotropic substances in traumatized drivers admitted to the Emergency Department of Padua, Italy.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):201-207

SC Medicina Legale e Tossicologia-Azienda Ospedaliera, Università degli Studi di Padova, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Driving under the influence of alcohol and/or psychoactive substances increases the risk of road accidents, but it is controversial whether this affects site and severity of injuries.

Material And Methods: We search for alcohol, cannabinoids, cocaine, benzodiazepines, opioids, methadone, amphetamines and barbiturates in biological fluids of 1764 traumatized drivers admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) of Padua between 2010 and 2014.

Results: We note correlation between alcohol and benzodiazepines and admission in ICU and between all the intoxications and the reserved prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_06DOI Listing
February 2019
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Pain prevalence, severity, assessment and management in hospitalized adult patients: a result of a multicenter cross sectional study.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):194-200

Dipartimento di Medicina Traslazionale, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.

Introduction: The measurement of pain prevalence among the patients admitted to hospital, estimated that pain remains a common problem for patients.

Methods: This is a multi-center cross sectional study carried out in Italian Hospitals, where data was collected in only one day. All patients aged at least 18 years, hospitalized able or unable to communicate, were eligible to be included in the study. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_05.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_05DOI Listing
February 2019
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The effect of the burden of caregiving for people with spinal cord injury (SCI): a cross-sectional study.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):185-193

Dipartimento di Biomedicina e Prevenzione, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Aim: To assess the caregiver burden (CB) of caregivers for people with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) and to examine the psychological impact of the burden of caregiving.

Materials And Methods: Cross-sectional study. A set of structured questionnaires was administered to 55 family caregivers of individuals with SCI. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_04.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_04DOI Listing
February 2019
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Proof of nicotine transfer to rat pups through maternal breast feeding to evaluate the neurobehavioral consequences of nicotine exposure.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):176-184

Centro Nazionale Sostanze Chimiche, Prodotti Cosmetici e Protezione del Consumatore, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

This study investigates the transfer of nicotine from lactating dams to their offspring through breast milk, in the frame of a research focused to ascertain toxicological and neuro-behavioural effects on pups as consequence of either unavoidable ("yoked & forced") or voluntary ("freely-chosen") maternal nicotine exposure. To this aim, plasmatic concentrations of nicotine and cotinine were determined by LC-MS/MS in Wistar rat pups whose mothers were orally administered with nicotine during lactation. Mothers were divided into a voluntary drinking group, an unavoidable consumption group, and controls. Read More

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http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/ANN_18_03_03.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_03DOI Listing
February 2019
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Big Data. A briefing.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):174-175

Dipartimento Ambiente e Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

The data deluge (generally referred as "Big Data") biomedical scientists are facing in these years asks for a serious epistemological thinking in order to avoid both "data bases idolatry" and "preconceived refusal". Starting from the evident reproducibility crisis of biomedical sciences here we sketch some hopefully useful indications for a sensible use of data mining approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_02DOI Listing
February 2019

The Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine twenty years later: a look at the past and a step towards the future.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Jul-Sep;54(3):171-173

President, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

A document published by the Council of Europe provides practical indications for interpreting Article 21 of the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine, which asserts that "The human body and its parts shall not, as such, give rise to financial gain". In Italy the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS, Italian National Institute of Health) is actively committed to comply fully with this imperative ethical requirement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_03_01DOI Listing
February 2019
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Development of a Brief Psychoanalytic Group therapy (BPG) and its application in an asbestos national priority contaminated site.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Apr-Jun;54(2):160-166

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy.

The aim of the present paper is to describe the development of a Brief Psychoanalytic Group therapy for contaminated sites and its application in the National Priority Contaminated Site of Casale Monferrato. Before presenting the core of the clinical intervention, a brief examination of some clinical features encountered working with malignant mesothelioma patients and their caregivers is offered. These aspects have been pivotal elements in the construction of a psychoanalytically oriented time-limited (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_02_12DOI Listing
November 2018
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Research and malignant mesothelioma: lines of action for clinical psychology.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Apr-Jun;54(2):149-159

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy.

The purpose of this paper is to present two studies. Study 1 is a literature review on psychological needs of malignant mesothelioma (MM) patients. Study 2 is aimed at assessing how patients and caregiver experience the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_02_11DOI Listing
November 2018
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Mesothelioma in Italy: the Casale Monferrato model to a national epidemiological surveillance system.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Apr-Jun;54(2):139-148

Epidemiologia dei Tumori, CPO-Piemonte e Università di Torino, Turin, Italy.

The purpose of the present paper is to review the origin and development of the epidemiology of mesothelioma in Italy, starting with the detection and investigation of the major outbreak of the disease observed in Casale Monferrato, Piedmont Region. Over the last four decades, mortality among the cohort of ex-Eternit workers has been measured at three points in time. More recently, population based case-control studies in the area of Casale Monferrato have provided new light on the dose-response curve of the relationship between asbestos exposure and mesotheliomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_02_10DOI Listing
November 2018
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State of the art and future perspectives for the integrated work in contaminated sites: the Casale Monferrato model. Preface.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Apr-Jun;54(2):137-138

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_02_09DOI Listing
February 2019
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The tattooed population in Italy: a national survey on demography, characteristics and perception of health risks.

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2018 Apr-Jun;54(2):126-136

Dipartimento di Prevenzione UOC Igiene Pubblica Ambientale, ASL Roma 5, Guidonia Montecelio, Rome, Italy.

Background: In recent years, Italy has seen a constant upward trend in the practice of tattooing. The Italian National Health Institute has conducted a national survey to determine the prevalence of tattooed people in Italy and to study related features of the phenomenon.

Aim: Establish the prevalence and characteristics of the tattooed population and evaluate awareness of the risks associated with tattoos, which can contribute to consumer health protection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_18_02_08DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads