59, rue Spontini, 75116 Paris, France. Electronic address:
Prevention of aging is mainly obtained through appropriate health practices, modulated by the genetic causes of aging. Causes of facial structural aging include gravity, volume loss, contraction of the mimic muscles and obviously biological aging of tissues. Among the very numerous new surgical technique of facial rejuvenation, we could point out: for the frontal region, obviously we are focus on the endoscopic and non-endoscopic frontal lifts. Read More
Service de chirurgie plastique et reconstructrice, centre des brûlés, hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, CHU de Nantes, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 01, France. Electronic address:
We report the clinical case of a 72-year-old man followed for 10years by a specialized pain center, for neuropathic pain poorly systematized, triggered by the contact of the anteromedial face of the right forearm. After surgical excision, histological analysis indicated a well-circumscribed nodule in the subcutaneous region, confirming that the mass was a glomus tumor. In this clinical case, surgical excision allowed an immediate disappearance of the pains without recurrence to this day. Read More
Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital Pasteur 2, 30, voie Romaine, 06000 Nice, France.
The eyelid-cheek junction is a key area which generates many comments: from looking tired to looking good or rested, without forgetting charm, beauty, and a youthful appearance. In spite of many interesting medical and surgical procedures, treating this area is sometimes difficult and results are not always up to our expectations. Standardized blepharoplasty, which has often been improperly used, has shown its limits. Read More
Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice, hôpital Roger-Salengro, CHU de Lille 59000 Lille, France. Electronic address:
The neck is an aesthetic unit for which a rejuvenation request is sometimes very targeted or ore often encompassed in a global surgical project of face-lift. To obtain a long lasting outcome, the plastic surgeon has to make a full, detailed, and exhaustive analysis of the neck in order to choose the best indication within the multiple surgical tools. A full clinical examination is the key point, every aspects are outlined. Read More
Service de chirurgie maxillofaciale, plastique, reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital Central, CHU de Nancy, 29, avenue du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, 54000 Nancy, France.
Introduction: Since the beginning of the 21st century, three-dimensional imaging systems have been used more often in plastic surgery, especially during preoperative planning for breast surgery and to simulate the postoperative appearance of the implant in the patient's body. The main objective of this study is to assess the patients' attitudes regarding 3D simulation for breast augmentation.
Method: A study was conducted, which included women who were operated on for primary breast augmentation. Read More
Injectable substances known as fillers are used to palliate age-related atrophy and ptosis, and for their so-called "pseudo-lifting" action. They do not replace face and neck lift, but allow it to be postponed or, when injected after surgical lifting, make the result durable. Hyaluronic acid has a predominant and unchallenged place among fillers, well ahead of poly-L-lactic acid or calcium hydroxyapatite. Read More
Clinique Charcot, 69110 Sainte-Foy-les-Lyon, France; Cabinet privé, 50, rue de la République, 69002 Lyon, France; Centre Léon-Bérard, 28, rue Laennec, 69008 Lyon, France.
Cervicofacial lifting is one of the most iconic procedure of plastic surgery and is about hundred years old. In the following chapters of this report, numerous technical points will be specify. A baseline reliable and reproducible technique, appealing to the largest possible audience is presented in order to begin this surgery in optimum conditions. Read More
For a number of years, a volumetric approach using autologous fat injection has been implemented to improve cosmetic outcome in face-lift procedures and to achieve lasting rejuvenation. Autologous fat as filling tissue has been used in plastic surgery since the late 19th century, but has only recently been associated to face lift procedures. The interest of the association lies on the one hand in the pathophysiology of facial aging, involving skin sag and loss of volume, and on the other hand in the tissue induction properties of grafted fat, "rejuvenating" the injected area. Read More
The author revisits an old technique of shortening of the upper lip. He shows the interest of systematically analyzing the length of the upper lip in any consultation of face and especially of rejuvenation. He develops indications based on the visibility of the upper incisors at the half-open mouth rest. Read More
20, quai Claude-Bernard, 69007 Lyon, France. Electronic address:
Introduction: Rapid recovery and return to social activities are what every patient wishes when considering to undergo a face lifting procedure. In our practice, the use of the Harmonic scalpel in order to achieve this goal has greatly improved the postoperative period.
Patients And Methods: We have performed 920 face lifting procedures exclusively using the Harmonic scalpel from 2001 to May 2017. Read More
Chemical peels are an alternative and/or a complementary treatment to the surgical procedures for skin aging. The purpose of this article is to specify the procedures and the indications of the three principal types of chemical peels: alpha-hydroxy acids, trichloracetic acid, phenol-croton oil peel. The clinical examination will determine the depth of the lesions to treat and will take into consideration counter-indications and specific limits to each patient. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Aug 25. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
8, rue de Solferino, 75007 Paris, France. Electronic address:
The last decades has seen new priorities in treatment of a flabby, ageing face towards minimally invasive aesthetic surgery, to be accompanied and followed by the requirements to perform such interventions with the maximally reduced health hazards, with inconsiderable injury, without cuts and, respectively, to be followed by no resulting scars, as well as a short postoperative period. We propose a new reviewing presentation of the tensor threads. After having explained the technology of the threads, we will discuss the good patient indication, the criteria which determine the choice of the threads and methods for each type of patient. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Aug 25. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
Service de chirurgie plastique, reconstructrice et esthétique, service des brûlés et chirurgie de la main, centre François-Xavier-Michelet, groupe hospitalier Pellegrin, université Bordeaux-Segalen, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
Introduction: Breast reconstruction techniques are multiple and they should be chosen in order to improve women's satisfaction and well-being, thus obtaining a personalized treatment. This report's major purpose was to study, through the Breast-Q questionnaire, how the functional and aesthetic outcomes, as well as the complications, of the main autologous breast reconstruction techniques, can affect patients quality of life and well-being at long-term. The secondary purpose was to analyse, thus to identify, the independent factors characterizing the different reconstructive techniques, which may affect patients' satisfaction. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Aug 21. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75013 Paris, France; Plastic and Reconstructive department, hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, 75010 Paris, France.
Background: Surgical approaches in neck dissection: comparing functional, oncologic and aesthetic aspects of transverse cervicotomy to Paul André's approach.
Methods: This single-center retrospective study compares a new transverse incision for cervicotomy to the classical approach described by Paul André in neck dissections. The evaluation criteria were: number of lymph nodes analyzed, operative time, complications, patient satisfaction and aesthetic aspects of the scar. Read More
Even though DIEP-SIEA flaps or latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap are the most frequently used, a wide variety of flaps have been described for autologous breast reconstruction. Concerning the choice of donor-site, the aim is to prevent and to limit the morbidity. That is why the donor-site should be carefully chosen, according to the morphology of the patient. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
Chirurgie maxillo-faciale, stomatologie, chirurgie orale et chirurgie plastique de la face, université Claude-Bernard-Lyon 1, centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, hospices civiles de Lyon, 165, chemin du Grand-Revoyet, 69310 Pierre-Bénite, France.
The clinical examination of the face needs a reliable, objective and innocuous tool. Stereophotogrammetry for a medical use has been available for more than fifteen years but its popularity is still limited by a high cost. We hereby define the principles of stereophotogrammetry, its fields of application in facial surgery and the prospects, which might soon be offered by a wider access to this technique. Read More
The purpose of this work is to better understand the reasons for post-surgical instability and what makes up the bed of medico-legal complications. Beyond technical competence, it is essential to observe a very high degree of rigor in listening to the real motivations in order to give the most accurate possible surgical indications and in particular to know to detect and never to operate certain patients who, whatever we do, will always be dissatisfied. The quality of information is one of the essential elements of prevention: information is part of the care and there is no therapeutic success without a successful relationship between a caregiver and a carereceiver. Read More
Facelift under local anesthesia: the author recounts his experience and methodology developed to operate facelift under local anesthesia in order to reduce operative morbidity and be able to operate persons who do not desire general anesthesia. The technique is based on the knowledge of the sensitive anatomy of the face as well as the practice of sensitive conduction blocks at the level of the face allowing to decrease the doses of local anesthetics. Read More
The aim of this study is to analyze the anatomical changes leading to the appearance of jugal aging with the appearance of jowls. It is also to describe the different techniques and to highlight those that are most effective with the permanent concern of obtaining a natural result with a well-defined jawline and a harmonious distribution of jugal volumes. For this purpose, the techniques of lifting with relocation of the displaced volumes and lipostructure are often associated with the strict respect of different directional vectors for the underlying tissues and for the skin redraping. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Aug 2. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
47, rue Spontini, 75116 Paris, France. Electronic address:
For many years, the face-lift has not been the only intervention for facial rejuvenation. It is necessary today to specify the type of face-lift, cervico-facial lifting, frontal lifting or facelift. We will consider in this article the frontal lift and centro-facial lift and its possible execution assisted by endoscopy with therefore minimal scars, hidden in the scalp. Read More
The increase in the number of patients who undergo massive weight loss surgery has led to an increasing number of patients who complain of circumferential abdominal skin and soft tissue excess. Currently, the only surgical option to treat soft tissue excess is vertical median abdominal lipectomy (fleur-de-lys technique). However, many patients are reluctant to undergo this surgery because of the position of the scar. Read More
The temporal region has imprecise limits in the young patient. During the aging process, it becomes individualized with the appearance of a temporal fossa, the temporal, orbital and zygomatic bone margins, the ptosis of the lateral part of the brow and the appearance of the wrinkles of the crow's foot. As this area frame the look, it should be taken into consideration during the clinical examination as well as the facial and cervical stages. Read More
Head of plastic and reconstructive surgery department, Notre-Dame hospital, university of Montreal hospital center (CHUM), 1560, rue Sherbrooke Est, Quebec, H2L 4M1 Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:
Introduction: In the management of breast cancer radiation therapy plays a substantive role in decreasing local recurrence and increasing overall survival. Still, there exists controversy concerning compromised radiation delivery plans and suboptimal delivery after immediate autologous breast reconstruction. Our study aims to assess the oncologic safety of immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) with a Deep inferior epigastric perforator flap (DIEP), in the setting of adjuvant radiation therapy. Read More
Background: Proliferating trichilemmal cyst (PTC) is a rare adnexal tumor, generally benign, primarily sitting on the scalp of elderly women. About fifty cases are reported in the literature. Herein, we describe another one particularly aggressive. Read More
Objectives: The main objective of this study is to determine the necessary surgical margins to obtain a complete R0 resection for head and neck dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) using Slow-Mohs micrographic surgery. The secondary objective is to study the recurrence rate of these tumors.
Patients And Methods: Slow-Mohs micrographic surgery was used for patients included between 2005 and 2015 at Bordeaux universitary hospital. Read More
Surgical and case management for patients demanding a face- and neck-lift are very important. The purpose of this paper is to help the plastic surgeons with information and recommendations useful for the best medical care of patients requiring a face- and neck-lift. The first consultation is the most important contact with the patient. Read More
Background: In recent years, the DIEP-flap has become the standard for autologous breast reconstruction. However, when abdominal donor site is unavailable, secondary options are numerous. This report documents our experience with PAP-flap breast reconstruction. Read More
The use of eponyms honours those who have contributed to the development of medicine and facilitates communication between colleagues. Eponyms are based on historical knowledge to know who was the first to use a given technique. In the previous century, two different operative procedures have been attached to the 'so called' Bernard lower lip reconstruction. Read More
Background: Mammaplasty in gender reassignment surgery is often poorly understood, due to a lack of information about this condition and its therapy. The aim of this work was to evaluate patient satisfaction following bilateral mastectomy for female-to-male gender reassignment.
Methods: We contacted 22 patients who underwent mammaplasty for female-to-male gender reassignment between January 2012 and March 2013 in our university hospital. Read More
Controlateral C7 nerve root transfer in brachial plexus palsy requires a nerve graft and large incisions. This study investigated the feasibility of transferring the right C7 to the left C7 nerve root, without a graft, via a minimally invasive retropharyngeal approach. After installation of 6 trocars of 1cm diameter in the supraclavicular space, a Da Vinci SI(®) robot was placed. Read More
Introduction: There is a growing demand for weight loss sequelae. Some women have a particular morphology with a major trochanteric excess that warrants specific treatment.
Materials And Methods: On the basis of the technique published in 1964 by Pitanguy, the authors suggest a lift of the external face of the thigh with the scar redrawing the lower part of the buttock, from the gluteal fold to the inguinal region by crossing the trochanteric region. Read More
Introduction: The reconstruction of the Nipple-Areola Complex (NAC) is the last step and a key part in breast reconstruction. The technique to be used should be chosen as to avoid any complications on previous reconstruction steps. The use of local flaps for NAC reconstruction could be associated with implant exposure especially in the presence of a history of radiation therapy. Read More
Introduction: Smoking increases perioperative risk regarding wound healing, infection rate and failure of microsurgical procedures. There is no present consensus about plastic and aesthetic surgical indications concerning smoking patients. The aim of our study is to analyze French plastic surgeons practices concerning smokers. Read More
Introduction: Reconstruction of craniofacial defects due to traumatic injuries is a challenge for a reconstructive surgeon, given the functional impact, the aesthetic impact and the geometric complexity of the craniofacial skeleton. The use of cutting and repositioning guides enables a new approach from the craniofacial reconstruction with bone grafts on measure. We are presented to illustrate this technique the case of a patient. Read More
Autologous fat transfer, or lipofilling, is a common technique used for soft tissue reconstruction. It has been used for many years, but the technique is associated with a significant graft resorption rate (20% to 80%). To improve the fat graft survival rate, several methods have been tested, and one has appeared more promising: cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL). Read More
Introduction: The management of hidradenitis suppurativa is multidisciplinary, involving general measures, medical treatment and surgery. Non-surgical treatments, often first-line procedures, mainly concern forms of low-to-moderate severity or, conversely, very severe forms in non-operable patients or those refusing surgery. While many treatments have been attempted, few randomized controlled trials have been conducted, so the choice of treatments is most often based on the personal experience of the clinicians. Read More
The SCIP flap based on a superficial circumflex iliac perforator artery (SCIA) was described for the first time by Koshima in 2004 as a large and thin groin flap, with a low morbidity. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the benefits of SCIP flap to cover cutaneous defects. We present a retrospective study from January 2007 to August 2016. Read More
The free radial forearm flap is considered as the gold standard in penile reconstruction for good functional and aesthetic results. The scar on donor site could be considered as pathognomonic of their situation by transsexual patients. The development of microsurgical flaps provides new therapeutic options. Read More
Introduction: Using tailored cutting guides for osteocutaneous free fibula flap in complex mandibular reconstruction after cancer resection surgery constitutes a substantial improvement. Autonomously conceiving and manufacturing the cutting guides within a plastic surgery department with computer-aided design (CAD) and three-dimensional (3D) printing allows planning more complex osteotomies, such as stair-step osteotomies, in order to achieve more stable internal fixations.
Methods: For the past three years, we have been producing by ourselves patient-tailored cutting guides using CAD and 3D printing. Read More
Trichoblastic carcinoma is a rare epithelial malignant epithelial tumor, its diagnosis is difficult and the therapeutic management is non-consensual. This retrospective study, carried out between 2009 and 2015, covered 21 cases and analyzed the diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of trichoblastic carcinomas. Sex ratio is 2. Read More
The earlobe because of its anatomical position is subject of defects secondary to multiple and varied etiologies. Although its functional role appears negligible, its aesthetic and social importance makes its reconstruction a delicate surgery because it must be discreet but also the simplest possible. Many methods have been described but some require several operating times. Read More
Augmented reality could help the identification of nerve structures in brachial plexus surgery. The goal of this study was to determine which law of mechanical behavior was more adapted by comparing the results of Hooke's isotropic linear elastic law to those of Ogden's isotropic hyperelastic law, applied to a biomechanical model of the brachial plexus. A model of finite elements was created using the ABAQUS(®) from a 3D model of the brachial plexus acquired by segmentation and meshing of MRI images at 0°, 45° and 135° of shoulder abduction of a healthy subject. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Aug 28;62(4):327-331. Epub 2017 Mar 28.
Service de chirurgie plastique, reconstructive et esthétique, CHU Amiens Picardie, Salouel, 80054 Amiens cedex, France; Laboratoire d'anatomie, faculté d'Amiens, 3, rue des Louvels, 80036 Amiens, France. Electronic address:
Purpose: In recent years, the indications of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap decreased in favor of its version preserving muscle: the thoracodorsal artery perforator flap (TDAP). The intramuscular dissection reduce donor site morbidity but also allows an extension of the pedicle compared to conventional latissimus dorsi flap pedicle. The purpose of this study was to quantify objectively elongation of the pedicle when the perforator is dissected through the muscle. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Jun 9;62(3):219-223. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, 1, avenue Claude-Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75013 Paris, France.
Background: Labia minora reduction interventions rise in Europe and in North America. Several techniques are described. The objective of this study was to compare postoperative complications of the two most practiced interventions: wedge resection and edge resection. Read More
Medical photography is an important part of the medical file and is widely used in medical communication, especially in our discipline. His practice has to be the most standardized and reproducible as possible, which distinguishes it from artistic photography. Photography fix the light reflecting from a subject, so surgeon have to control of the light source in any environment. Read More
Background: Macro-texturing of breast implants was developed with the double goal of improving implant stabilization within the breast cavity and decreasing the rate of capsular contractures. However, recent evidence suggests that double capsular formation, a potentially worrisome phenomenon associated with late seromas and biofilms, occurs with preponderance in macro-textured implants. Our objective was to analyze histologically different regions of double capsules to determine if they are more prone to mechanical movements. Read More