5,239 results match your criteria Annales Medico-psychologiques[Journal]


[The imagery of geometrical figures in psychiatry].

Authors:
P Marchais

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):266-70; discussion 270-1

The image is at the same time a product of the imagining function and an instrument of knowledge. Its use in psychiatry can not be reduced, neither to the current psychological theories nor to techniques of medical imagery. Its correspondences with the modes of thinking admit of the use of geometric figures, which are capable of illustrating the mental troubles and of contributing to the development of the clinic, even the therapy, as shown by the systemal method. Read More

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[Mental disorders in (Laurence Moon)-Bardet-Biedl syndrome].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):264-5

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["Polydipsia, intermittent hyponatremia and psychoses" syndrome: a diagnosis and therapeutic management of a case].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):259-63

Centre Hospitalier René Dubos, Pontoise.

Polydipsia can be defined as an impulsive behavior leading to absorption of large amounts of water (4 to 20 litres a day), without any underlying organic disease. Its prevalence in a population of chronic psychiatric patients can be as high as 6 to 17%. Schizophrenia represents 80% of cases reported. Read More

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June 1996
4 Reads

[Five parameters of ambulatory treatment in psychiatry in the North-American context].

Authors:
L Deumié

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):254-7; discussion 258

Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal.

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[Chronic psychotic delirium and infarction in the left posterior cerebral area: a case report].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):249-53

Service de Psychiatrie Générale, Centre Hospitalier, Romans.

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June 1996
2 Reads

[Persecution syndrome after the use of interferon: a case report].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):246-8; discussion 248-9

Service de psychiatrie de l'adulte, Hôpital Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris.

The interferon has been used for fifteen years as a viral and carcinomatous pathology treatment, however it has some spychiatric secondary effects. In this paper we present a psychotic reaction in a patient without any psychiatric history. A depression with specific characteristics was also detected. Read More

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[Cognitive therapy and psychoanalytical therapy of limited personalities: a critical consideration].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):238-44

Hôpitaux à Temps Partiel, Clinique à la Faculté, Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail.

Comparative studies of psychoanalytical and cognitive approaches to psychotherapy for borderline personalities reveal not only convergences of opinion, particularly concerning the importance of the relationship with the therapist, but also noteworthy differences. Different types of cognitive therapy are to be distinguished by their highly structural nature and by the learning of cognitive capacity with a view to reducing the severity of emotional and behavioral disorders. The different types of analytical therapy attempt a reorganisation of the personality by referring to a complex psychopathological model, allowing an overview of mental functions and of transferral interaction, and attempt to modify them. Read More

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[Psychiatric complication of organ transplantation].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):232-7

Université Catholique de Louvain, Cliniques de Mont-Godinne, Unité de Médecine psychosomatique, Yvoir, Belgique.

The authors have reviewed the literature with a view to trying to establish the psychiatric disorders associated with organ transplantation and open up a discussion of the psychodynamics involved. Psychiatric complications fall roughly into 4 categories, namely those specific to the 3 stages of transplantation, i.e. Read More

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[Mania in an elderly subject: II. -- the evolution of manic-depressive disease].

Authors:
V Mahé A Féline

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):226-31

The occurrence of mania in the elderly is under-estimated. Mania may inaugurate a late-onset bipolar illness, extend a unipolar depressive disorder or rarely continue a early-onset bipolar illness. Early-onset bipolar illness frequently disappear after 60 years or is prolonged by reccurrent depression. Read More

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[Mania in an elderly subject: I. -- manic-depressive disorders of late onset].

Authors:
V Mahé A Féline

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(4):217-25

Service de Psychiatrie, Hôpital Richaud, Versailles.

Late mania may inaugurate a late-onset bipolar illness. Atypical features and organic brain abnormalities are frequently associated. Late-onset bipolar illness is apparently characterized by a strong instability of mood and a super or subsensitivity to neuroleptics and antidepressant drugs. Read More

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[Treatment with selective and reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitors in depressed patients: is there a biological effect proportional to the dose?].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):204-6

Hôpital Saint-Antoine, serv. du Pr Ferreri, Paris.

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[Exploratory study of amitriptyline resistance in depressed patients: results of WHO French collaborating center on depressions resistant to treatments].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):202-3

Hôpital Pinel, Amiens, France.

A multicountry, multicentre double-blind study in a group of depressives, coordinated by the Mental Health Division of the World Health Association (WHO) has been done. The goal of the study is to determine whether the therapeutic effects of amitriptyline can be enhanced and potentiated by combining it with an antioxydant (gingko biloba). An exploratory study has preceded the main study which had the objective to estimate the proportion of non-response patient to amitriptyline. Read More

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[Elpenor's syndrome or somnambulistic murder?].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):195-200; discussion 201

Service d'EEG, Sainte-Anne.

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June 1996
1 Read

[Syndrome secondary to post-traumatic stress disorder and addictive behaviors].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):190-4

Clinique psychiatrique universitaire, CHU de Tours.

Ninety psychiatric female inpatients had an interview using structural clinical instruments. The patients were often exposed during their lifetime to psychic trauma and especially to sexual abuse in childhood (27%) and rape (21%). Rape is a risk factor for chronicity and severity of mental disorders. Read More

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[A case of "dementia praecox" in a 23 year old woman: Pick's juvenile dementia or hebephrenic-catatonic schizophrenia?].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):186-90

Service hospitalo-universitaire de Santé mentale et de Thérapeutique, UFR Cochin-Port-Royal (Université René-Descartes, Paris.

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[Somatic gain, somatic transfer and somatic neurosis].

Authors:
J Chemouni

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):174-83

Psychologie clinique et pathologique (Université de Caen), Lisieux.

Whatever the aetiology of a somatic disorder-symptom of full-blown illness-meaning is conferred on it from the outset, and it is integrated into the patient's psycho-somatic economy. The author proposes the term gain to encompass the meaning and economic adjustment resulting from somatization. It plays an essential part in the development of the somatic disorder and every therapeutic programme must take it into account. Read More

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[Classification of voluntary homicides and psychiatry].

Authors:
M Bénézech

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jun;154(3):161-73

Secteur de psychiatrie en milieu pénitentiaire de Bordeaux, Gradignan.

The author first reviews the various psychiatric and criminologic classifications of homicides. Then, he examines the FBI classification and points to the fact that the existence or absence of mental disturbances is only rarely mentioned in the description of each category of homicide. Finally, he proposes his own classification of pathologic homicides comprising eight categories: impulsive, crime of passion, sexual, depressive, non delusional psychotic, delusional psychotic, of organic cause, otherwise non-classifiable. Read More

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[Prediction of therapeutic response in depressive states].

Authors:
F Radat P Morand

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):89-102

Service universitaire de Psychiatrie, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris.

Predicting the clinical improvement of patients with antidepressant drugs, at an early stage and in a individualistic manner, allows to choose the product which is most adapted to each case and to avoid leaving patients under an inefficient medication for several weeks. Predictability studies have multiplied. A general review of these studies is made here by examining the clinical, biological, electrophysiological, and finally the pharmacokinetic predictors. Read More

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[German social psychiatry in 1934].

Authors:
J Biéder

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):147-51

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[Time factors and lack of motivation in the elderly].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):140-4

Service de Réadaptation et Gériatrie C.H.R.U. Hôpital Pasteur, Poitiers.

The time-being experienced by the elderly is analyzed through different nosologic frameworks. The older depressive person is haunted by the unpermanency of life whereas the unmotivated elder persons gives himself over to mortification. In dementia, the present time being, even unnatural seems to be the only working reference; but it is source of despair for it refers to an impossible imaginary, source of resignation for it is without pleasure and without any gratifying support for tomorrow. Read More

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[Swindlers, swindling and expression of psychopathology].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):132-5; discussion 135-6

Groupe de Recherches d'Epistémologie clinique comparative, GRECC, Hôpital La Salpêtrière, Paris.

Earlier studies about swindlers and swindling don't show any perturbations about clinical disorders. For the authors, this analysis implies different levels of criminal act; they put emphasis on relation between victims and perpetrators, mainly seduction and falsification. Several personality traits are enduring patterns of relating to and thinking about the environment which is component of characteristic personality disorders. Read More

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[Structure of mental disorders and diagnostic criteria. On Clerambault syndrome].

Authors:
P Marchais

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):126-30; discussion 130-1

Observation of a patient followed during 25 years, which indicate Clérambault'syndrome of mental automatism, is reported. The systemal method makes it possible to confirm the structure of this complex pathological system and to set limits to the current diagnostic criteria. Read More

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[From Kandinsky to Clerambault. Value of eponyms].

Authors:
C Koupernik

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):123-5; discussion 126

The Syndrome of Mental Automatism in delusional states has been described by the French psychiatrist G. de Clérambault in 1919. It consists mainly of involuntary production of impressions and ideas, ascribed by the patient to an external influence and still occurring within himself. Read More

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[Prognosis as a treatment frame. Considerations on schizophrenia].

Authors:
P Cacot

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):114-20

Hôpital de Jour M.G.E.N., Paris.

Prognosis holds an ambiguous position in today clinical practice, specially in psychiatry. It is either an impossible prediction or, worse, an oracle dangerous for its predetermined effects. Hippocratic tradition follows a different path: prognosis is what is being said publicly to the patient about his or her disease. Read More

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[Psychological and psychiatric services provided to soldiers in the burial operation (Zaire, July-August 1994)].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 May;154(2):103-13

Service de Psychiatrie, Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Robert-Picqué, Bordeaux Armées.

In July 1994, a small contingent of the French army had the physically and psychologically difficult task of burying 40,000 cadavers in Goma (Zaire). This was the only way to eradicate a cholera epidemic which decimated 1,200,000 Rwanda refugees fleeing from the war. The mission of the military psychiatrist posted in Goma consisted of promoting mental health actions and providing psychological support for the soldiers most "exposed" to the burial operations. Read More

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[Clinical imaging in psychiatry].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):74-7

Centre de Neuro-Psychologie, Paris.

Brain imaging has made surprisingly remarkable progress since the early, and now historic days, of invasive radiology, which has now been replaced with a number of spectacularly precise techniques: structural (CT Scan, MRI) and functional (PET, SPECT) imaging, direct imaging during neurosurgery, EEG and its computer-assisted derivatives, and transcerebral ultrasonography. We present five cases with two alleged autisms, a cerebral malaria, a panic disorder and to Parkinson disease with a depressive component. Using modern imaging methods the following respective diagnoses were arrived at: a left temporal cyst, a Sanfilippo mucopolysaccharidosis, a septum lucidum agenesis, a right temporal cyst, and a pituitary adenoma. Read More

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January 1996

[Compulsive clinical voyeurism: a special case of medical families].

Authors:
J Biéder

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):67-9

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January 1996

[Clinical imaging and bodily invasive techniques. From fantasy to reality].

Authors:
J Vaysse

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):63-6

Service de Psycdhiatrie, C.H.U. Bichat, Paris.

Patients must cope with intrusive medical investigations, endoscopic exams, open methods in intensive care unit which all disturb body boundaries and body image. Reality and fantasies ares mixed. Psychodynamic way-out are discussed. Read More

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January 1996

[A contribution of brain imaging techniques to the diagnosis of psychiatric emergencies].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):60-3

This study was performed in the psychiatric emergency unit of René-Dubos General Hospital (Pontoise, France). Two cases of female patients with motor deficiencies suggesting a diagnosis of conversion disorder because of preceding psychological stressors and lability of symptoms, are presented. In both cases, the diagnosis was reconsidered after the use of RMI for multiple sclerosis in one case, HIV related encephalopathy in the other. Read More

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January 1996

[Modification of body image and the evolution of psychological dependence among drug addicts].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):57-9

Service universitaire de Psychiatrie et de Psychologie médicale, CHU Purpan-Casselardit, Toulouse.

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January 1996

[The therapist facing the problem of the homeless. Ethnic and psychophysiological considerations].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):20-31

The problem of "severe poverty" is more socio-economic than psychiatric. Approximately three to four million people living in France receive a monthly minimum income allowance from the state. An ethno-psychiatric approach offers the possibility of situating homeless people within the context of their everyday living conditions and habits. Read More

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January 1996

[Ethnic and psychophysiological analysis of brief reactive psychosis. Autobiographical data and the position of reactive psychosis among psychoses].

Authors:
J C Rouchouse

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):10-9

Laboratoire de Bio-sociologie animale et humaine, UER de Sciences sociales, Clichy, France.

The account of an acute schizophrenic episode personally experienced by the author is given here. It relates its rare early stages, the sudden outbreak of the psychotic state, the collapsing of the ego and the internal journey with its catastrophic and mystical thematic. The present positions on acute schizophrenic episodes are related. Read More

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January 1996

[An unbiased study of the perception of smile and sadness by analysing the integration of emotions].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1996 Jan;154(1):1-9

Centre Psychothérapique du Centre Hospitalier de Valenciennes, France.

This article describes a simple and easy-using clinical tool for investigating the visual perception of emotions. The method was validated with healthy persons. On the one hand, the results confirm and sharpen the data of the literature. Read More

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January 1996

[Schizophrenias in DSM-IV and ICD-10 and French psychiatry].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):657-66

Psychiatre des hôpitaux à temps partiel, C.H.S. Marchant, Toulouse.

DSM-IV and ICD-10 show the convergence of international nomenclatures of psychotic disorders. Their emphasis on antheorism and the definition of operational diagnostic criteria converge with one major trend in traditional French psychiatry which has been illustrated by Chaslin. The principal discrepancy which concerns chronic hallucinatory psychosis has been reduced by the restrictive conception of schizophrenic disorders in DSM-IV and ICD-10. Read More

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December 1995
2 Reads

[Document to serve the history of psychiatry. How Mr. Regis did not come to Bailleul].

Authors:
J Biéder

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):728-33

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December 1995

[Parapsychotic disorders in mentally handicapped (particularly in Down's syndrome)].

Authors:
R Lécuyer

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):721-5

Para psychotic troubles in Mentally Handicapped Persons (particularly in Down syndrome)-Clinical examples of M.H.P. Read More

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December 1995

[The name, scales and diagnostic criteria. Current issues].

Authors:
P Marchais

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):716-20; discussion 720-1

The scientific perspective incites modern psychiatry to base itself on quantification. But numbers have a double function, concrete and abstract, and this affects the meaning of statistics. Neglecting this property of each item and the associative character of the methods (scales, diagnostic criteria) will mean a risk of making the quantitative trend mythic to some degree, and may lead to a superficial, even deformed view of mental pathology. Read More

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December 1995

[Are we really talking about psychic symptoms?].

Authors:
D Morin

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):712-5

Hôpital Victor Dupouy, Argenteuil.

To conceive psychic symptoms as a linguistic sign stemmed from binding a form (the significant) with a meaning (the signified) assumes that rules binding signs of mental illnesses are identical to rules binding linguistic signs, but above all, that those rules are extant. The author exposes that they are not, no rules permitting to associate a linguistic form to a meaning are extant. Consequently the interpretation of psychic symptoms based on the equivalence with linguistic scheme is built on a twisted argument. Read More

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December 1995

[Manic-depressives, time of birth, time of onset. An epidemiological study].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):707-11

Universités en Santé publique à la Faculté de Médecine de Dijon.

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December 1995

[Psychological components of pregnant women who give birth to a hypotrophic child].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):696-705

Service de Pédopsychiatrie, Centre psychothérapique du Vion, Saint-Clair-de-la-Tour.

Knowing that 20-30% of intra-uterine growth retardation are unexplained, the authors assume a psychological component that may influence fetal growth. A first psychologic approach consisted in having interviews with about fifty women who had just given birth to small-size babies. The analysis of the contents of these interviews, performed in the free association mode, allowed screening six psychopathologic themes : denial of pregnancy, painful emotional or physical experiences, operative functioning mode, unessential role of the husband, lack of an imaginary child, and previous affective deprivation. Read More

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December 1995

[Stability and predictive role of emotions, expressed by families in the development of a cohort of schizophrenic patients in the course of 5 years].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):687-95

Médecin chef de service adjoint, Institutions universitaires de Psychiatrie, Clinique de Psychiatrie II, Geneva/Switzerland.

A prospective study of 44 first admission schizophrenic patients was conducted in Geneva, in order to evaluate the prognostic value of Expressed Emotion (EE), as well as its stability. The predictive power of the EE index was tested on three variables of outcome: relapse rate, social adaptation and hospital stay. At intake, the patients presenting more premorbid features lived in high EE households. Read More

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December 1995

[Levels of the training of psychotherapists and results of analytic psychotherapy].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):676-86

Spécialiste en psychiatrie et doctorant de recherche en psychiatrie à l'Université de Pavie, Italie.

The purpose of this study was to investigate therapists experience as predictor of psychotherapy outcome. We studied consecutive patients (n = 76) assigned to psychoanalytic psychotherapy after being referred to the Geneva University Psychiatric Center for psychiatric treatment. Fifty-seven subjects were treated by trainees and nineteen had certified psychotherapists. Read More

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December 1995

[Disorders of assertiveness and social anxiety].

Authors:
F Azaïs B Granger

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Dec;153(10):667-75

Service de Psychiatrie adulte, Pr Debray, hôpital Necker, Paris.

Assertiveness is a multidimensional concept use to describe individual's social functioning, from normal adaptation to pathological worries of social inefficacy. Several psychological impairments are evoked in assertiveness disorders, leading to the discussion of cognitive and emotional functioning in such pathology. These pathologies are represented by the social anxiety spectrum, an heterogeneous syndrome from shyness to social phobia in which functional dysregulation are discussed to explain the missadaptation. Read More

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December 1995

[A century after the Vacher affair: comments on the forensic psychiatry experts].

Authors:
J Biéder

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Nov;153(9):600-4

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November 1995

[The imperious need to create evaluation centers for criminologic expert assessment].

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Nov;153(9):597-600

Secteur de psychiatrie en milieu pénitentiaire, Maison d'Arrêt, Gradignan.

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November 1995

[Three approaches to culpability. 2].

Authors:
F Guyot-Gans

Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1995 Nov;153(9):588-94

Centre Hospitalier des Pyrénées Secteur III, Pau.

The third and psychoanalytical approach to culpability will be conducted through the study of Freud's and A. Hesnard's works. We will see how Freud unravels the feeling of culpability and solves the enigma of its origins; in his opinion, il is transmitted through a philogenetical agency. Read More

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November 1995