Ann Geophys 2018 9;36(1):13-24. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
formerly at: Physical Sciences Division, SRI International, Menlo Park, California, USA.
The question of whether mesospheric OH() rotational population distributions are in equilibrium with the local kinetic temperature has been debated over several decades. Despite several indications for the existence of non-equilibrium effects, the general consensus has been that emissions originating from low rotational levels are thermalized. Sky spectra simultaneously observing several vibrational levels demonstrated reproducible trends in the extracted OH() rotational temperatures as a function of vibrational excitation. Read More