183 results match your criteria Ankle Tibialis Posterior Tendon Injuries


Association between joint effusions and concomitant structural injuries (tendinitis and structural injury) on MRI in ankle trauma without fracture.

Acta Radiol 2021 May 29:2841851211021038. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Nuclear medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The evaluation of correlations among joint effusion, ligament injuries, tenosynovitis and osteochondral lesion of talus (OLT) in the ankle joint is important for developing a treatment plan and predicting prognosis.

Purpose: To evaluate correlations among tibiotalar (anterior) and talocalcaneal (posterior) joint effusion, tenosynovitis of major flexor tendons, ligaments, and OLT in a group of patients with ankle trauma.

Material And Methods: This retrospective study included 101 patients with ankle trauma who underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Acute lateral ankle sprain alters muscle and tendon properties: Case series.

Foot Ankle Surg 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Graduate Program in Physical Education Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Federal District, Brazil; Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Ceilândia, Federal District, Brazil.

Background: Acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS) is the most prevalent acute sports trauma. Ankle muscle atrophy and tendon volume decrease have not been analyzed concomitantly with functional impairment and pain following LAS. The objective of the present study was to investigate muscle cross-section area (CSA), tendon CSA and volume, ankle function, and pain in individuals who suffered an acute LAS. Read More

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Influence of tendon injuries on the clinical outcome of ankle and hindfoot fractures.

Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Hospital Beatriz Ângelo, Portugal.

Background: Associations of tendon injuries with ankle and hindfoot fractures is a current concern and recent research has linked specific fractures with specific tendon injuries, despite its functional impact being unknown. The purpose of this study is to assess that impact.

Methods: Computed tomography scans of patients with ankle and hindfoot fractures were reviewed for tendon injuries. Read More

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Clinical Tests of Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy: Are They Reliable, and How Well Are They Reflected in Structural Changes on Imaging?

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2021 05 28;51(5):253-260. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Objective: To determine the reliability of common clinical tests for tibialis posterior tendinopathy (TPT) and to investigate their relationship with grayscale ultrasound findings in individuals who have medial foot/ankle pain.

Design: Prospective cohort.

Methods: Fifty-two individuals reporting medial foot/ankle pain were clinically examined by 2 physical therapists using 4 clinical tests for TPT: pain on tendon palpation, swelling around the tendon, pain/weakness with tibialis posterior contraction, and pain during or inability to perform a single-leg heel raise (SLHR). Read More

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Partial Calcaneus Reconstruction using 'Opportunistic Grafts': A Case Report.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Jan-Feb;60(1):199-203. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Section of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Although replantation of an amputated extremity has been successfully performed, occasionally the surgeon is forced to amputate in the case of an unsalvageable open fracture. These appendages can theoretically act as an autologous 'bone and tissue bank' for patients if they have reconstructable contralateral injuries. We present a case of an athlete who sustained a Gustilo and Anderson IIIC injury on 1 leg resulting in a below knee amputation. Read More

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Painful Accessory Navicular and Spring Ligament Injuries in Athletes.

Clin Sports Med 2020 Oct 13;39(4):859-876. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Institute for Foot and Ankle Reconstruction, Mercy Medical Center, 301 St. Paul Place, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA.

Painful accessory navicular and spring ligament injuries in athletes are different entities from more common posterior tibialis tendon problems seen in older individuals. These injuries typically affect running and jumping athletes, causing medial arch pain and in severe cases a pes planus deformity. Diagnosis requires a detailed physical examination, standing radiographs, and MRI. Read More

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October 2020

Tibialis Posterior Tendon Dislocation: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):e1900590

1Centro Hospitalar de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.

Case: A 37-year-old man presented after a sudden snap followed by pain in the medial side of the ankle while playing football. Physical examination showed edema and pain posteriorly to the medial malleolus, and a longitudinal structure was palpable anteriorly. Ultrasound confirmed a dislocated tibialis posterior tendon (TPT). Read More

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February 2021

Nonsurgical Approach in Management of Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy With Combined Radial Shockwave and Foot Core Exercises: A Case Series.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2020 Sep - Oct;59(5):1058-1061. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation, Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Tibialis posterior tendinopathy is a common debilitating condition seen by foot and ankle providers. Non-operative management is difficult as patients often present in later stages of the disease. This case series evaluated the combination of radial shockwave therapy and a foot core progression exercise regimen on 10 patients who had failed standard conservative treatment techniques. Read More

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Flatfoot Deformity Due to Isolated Spring Ligament Injury.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2020 May - Jun;59(3):469-478

Orthopaedic Surgeon, Foot and Ankle Department, Clínica Bazterrica, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Patients with acquired flatfoot deformity due to isolated injury of the spring ligament, with healthy posterior tibialis tendon, are rarely identified. Between December 2004 and September 2011 (6 years and 9 months), we treated 10 patients with acquired flatfoot deformity due to spring ligament injury without tibialis posterior tendon tear. One patient (10%) was lost to follow-up. Read More

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Identifying and Monitoring Deficiencies in Physical Examination of the Foot and Ankle With Diagnostic Ultrasound: Experience From a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residency Training Program.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 10;99(10):961-967

From the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey (JB); Burke Rehabilitation Hospital, White Plains, New York (MO-P); Arthur S. Abramson Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Health System, New York City, New York (MO-P); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia (HLL); University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii (HLL); and Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, VA New Jersey Health Care System, East Orange, New Jersey (RTM).

Despite the high incidence of foot and ankle injuries and their biomechanical importance to more proximal joints, the foot and ankle are some of the most daunting and underemphasized musculoskeletal structures in medical training. This study used musculoskeletal ultrasound to identify a knowledge gap in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in foot and ankle surface anatomy palpation and to determine whether senior residents had higher examination performance compared with more junior residents. Physical medicine and rehabilitation residents at different levels of training were tested cross-sectionally, and palpation accuracy was compared by class year. Read More

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October 2020

Consideration of medial anatomical structures at risk when placing quadricortical syndesmotic fixation: A cadaveric study.

Injury 2020 Feb 4;51(2):527-531. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Surgical fixation of syndesmotic instability using quadricortical fixation, whether screws or suture-button devices, places structures on the medial side of the tibia at iatrogenic risk. This study aims to radiographically map the anatomic course of structures on the medial aspect of the distal tibia to be able to at-risk zones (ARZs) for syndesmotic fixation.

Methods: Eighteen fresh-frozen cadaveric ankle specimens were dissected. Read More

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February 2020

Fluid around the distal tibialis posterior tendon on ankle MRI: prevalence and clinical relevance.

Br J Radiol 2019 Dec 17;92(1104):20190722. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, UK.

Objective: It has been stated that the distal 1-2 cm of the tibialis posterior tendon (TPT) does not have a tendon sheath but rather a paratenon, and that any fluid seen around this segment on ankle MRI is considered to represent paratendonitis. The prevalence and clinical significance of isolated TPT paratendonitis diagnosed on ankle MRI is unknown. This study aims to correlate the presence of isolated distal segment TPT paratendonitis on ankle MRI, with the presence or absence of medial midfoot pain. Read More

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December 2019

T2* mapping and subregion analysis of the tibialis posterior tendon using 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging.

Br J Radiol 2019 Dec 11;92(1104):20190221. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 West Meadow Drive, Suite 1000 Vail, Colorado 81657, United States.

Objective: Early detection of tibialis posterior tendon changes and appropriate intervention is necessary to prevent disease progression to flat-foot deformity and foot/ankle dysfunction, and the need for operative treatment. Currently, differentiating between early-stage tibialis posterior tendon deficiency patients who will benefit from conservative more aggressive treatment is challenging. The objective of this work was to establish a quantitative MRI T2* mapping method and subregion baseline values in the tibialis posterior tendon in asymptomatic ankles for future clinical application in detecting tendon degeneration. Read More

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December 2019

Ankle medial flexor retinaculum avulsion fracture.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Sep 17;14(9):1144-1147. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 4245 Roosevelt Way N.E., Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

Medial flexor retinaculum injuries are not uncommon, but medial flexor retinaculum periosteal avulsion injuries are rare. This patient sustained a medial flexor retinaculum tear readily characterized at computed tomography by an associated proximal retinacular avulsion fracture from the posteromedial tibia. Medial flexor retinaculum injury is often also associated with superficial deltoid pathology and/or medial malleolar fracture. Read More

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September 2019

Surgical Considerations: Repair of Long Segment Defect Posterior Tibial Tendon Using Fresh Frozen Tibial Tendon Allograft.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Sep 29;58(5):995-1001. Epub 2019 May 29.

Department of Podiatric Surgery and Medicine at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY.

Tibialis posterior (TP) tendon ruptures are common after ankle injuries, degenerative processes, or biomechanical instability. The TP tendon decelerates the subtalar joint pronation and internal rotation of the leg during the contact phase. It also plantarflexes and inverts the foot on the leg during the static phase of gait. Read More

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September 2019

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: Imperfect specificity of magnetic resonance imaging.

Foot Ankle Surg 2020 Feb 12;26(2):224-227. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Robert T. Stafford Hall, 4th Floor, 95 Carrigan Drive, Burlington, VT 05405-0084 United States. Electronic address:

MRI is frequently used in the evaluationand treatment of tibialis posterior tendon (PTT) dysfunction. MRI is reported to have sensitivity up to 95%, with 100% specificity, in the detection of rupture of the PTT. We present three cases where MRI demonstrated complete or partial rupture of the PTT, where subsequent surgery showed an intact PTT with tenosynovitis. Read More

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February 2020

Early surgical management of traumatic dislocation of the tibialis posterior tendon: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Nov 23;12(1):348. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Traumatic dislocation of the tibialis posterior tendon at the ankle is a rare injury. Some of these cases are misdiagnosed as ankle sprains and are not treated properly. In addition, because the conservative treatment is not as effective as the surgical treatment, it is essential that patients be diagnosed early so that proper surgical treatment can be performed. Read More

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November 2018

Biologically Enhanced Hamstring Tendon Transfer for Treatment of Acute Rupture of Posterior Tibialis Tendon in an Athlete: Case Report.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Jul 15;58(4):647-652. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Surgeon, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine, Bellevue University Medical Center, Mansourieh, Lebanon.

We report the case of a 32-year-old basketball player who presented with an acute flatfoot deformity after performing a unipodal power jump. Rupture of the posterior tibial tendon within the foot was diagnosed and then treated by hamstring tendon transfer combined with application of autologous biologic preparations. The functional outcome at 18 months was good. Read More

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Ultrasound Characteristics of Foot and Ankle Structures in Healthy, Coper, and Chronically Unstable Ankles.

J Ultrasound Med 2019 Apr 12;38(4):917-926. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, UK.

Objective: Ankle sprains constitute approximately 85% of all ankle injuries, and up to 70% of people experience residual symptoms. While the injury to ligaments is well understood, the potential role of other foot and ankle structures has not been explored. The objective was to characterize and compare selected ankle structures in participants with and without a history of lateral ankle sprain. Read More

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Recurrent Dislocation of the Tibialis Posterior Tendon Treated With Suture Tape: A Case Report of an Innovative Operative Procedure.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov - Dec;57(6):1267-1271. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.

Dislocation of the tibialis posterior tendon (PTT) is a rare traumatic injury, and treatment is often delayed. Conservative treatment is ineffective for recurrent dislocation of the PTT; however, a reference standard procedure has not yet been established. In the present case report, we describe an innovative pseudo-pouch closing procedure with suture tape and a suture anchor for recurrent PTT dislocation. Read More

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February 2019

Medial Structure Injury During Suture Button Insertion Using the Center-Center Technique for Syndesmotic Stabilization.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 08 11;39(8):984-989. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

2 Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Center, Westerville, OH, USA.

Background: The center-center technique for syndesmosis fixation has been described as an improved and reliable technique for proper reduction of the syndesmosis during ankle fracture repair. Concurrently, the use of flexible fixation with a suture button is becoming an established means of syndesmosis stabilization. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to assess for medial structure injury during the placement of a suture button using the center-center technique for ankle syndesmosis repair at 3 insertion intervals. Read More

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Role of Tendoscopy in Treating Stage II Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 04 16;39(4):433-442. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

3 Clinique de l'Union, Ankle and Foot Surgery Center, Saint-Jean, France.

Background: Stage II tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction (PTTD) resistant to conservative therapies is usually treated with invasive surgery. Posterior tibial tendoscopy is a novel technique being used in the assessment and treatment of posterior tibial pathology. The aims of this study were (1) to clarify the role of posterior tibial tendon tendoscopy in treating stage II PTTD, (2) to arthroscopically classify spring ligament lesions, and (3) to compare the arthroscopic assessment of spring ligament lesions with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonographic (US) data. Read More

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Radiographic Prognostic Factors for Selective Soft Tissue Release After Ponseti Failure in Young Pediatric Clubfoot Patients.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 06 15;39(6):712-719. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Songpa-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Selective soft tissue release (SSTR), which includes a combination of abductor hallucis, tibialis posterior, and Achilles lengthening, has been used in patients with recurrent clubfoot deformity after Ponseti treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors for recurrence of clubfoot deformity after SSTR.

Methods: Consecutive patients with idiopathic clubfoot and residual or recurrent deformity after Ponseti treatment underwent SSTR between 2005 and 2013. Read More

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Tendoscopy of Achilles, peroneal and tibialis posterior tendons: An evidence-based update.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Oct 21;24(5):374-382. Epub 2017 Jun 21.

Clinique de l'Union, Ankle and Foot Surgery Center, Boulevard de Ratalens, 31240 Saint-Jean, France. Electronic address:

Background: Tendoscopy has been proposed in treating several conditions affecting tendons around the ankle. We reviewed literature to investigate the efficacy of Achilles, peroneal and tibialis posterior tendoscopy.

Methods: Following the PRISMA checklist, the Medline, Scopus and EMBASE databases were searched, including studies reporting patients affected by disorders of Achilles, peroneal and tibialis posterior tendons and treated by tendoscopy (or tendoscopic-assisted procedures). Read More

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October 2018

Finite element simulation on posterior tibial tendinopathy: Load transfer alteration and implications to the onset of pes planus.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2018 01 3;51:10-16. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China; The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background: Posterior tibial tendinopathy is a challenging foot condition resulting in pes planus, which is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. Prior to the deformity, abnormal internal load transfer and soft tissue attenuation are anticipated. The objective of this study was to investigate the internal load transfer and strain of the ligaments with posterior tibial tendinopathy, and the implications to pes planus and other deformities. Read More

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January 2018

Tendonitis and Tendinopathy: What Are They and How Do They Evolve?

Foot Ankle Clin 2017 Dec 27;22(4):665-676. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Foot and Ankle Division, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, 2301 Erwin Road, Box 3000, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address:

The development of tendinitis and tendinopathy is often multifactorial and the result of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors include anatomic factors, age-related factors, and systemic factors, whereas extrinsic factors include mechanical overload and improper form and equipment. Although tendinitis and tendinopathy are often incorrectly used interchangeably, they are in 2 distinct pathologies. Read More

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December 2017

Unilateral Dislocation of the Posterior Tibialis Tendon (PTT) and Flexor Digitorum Longus Tendon With Contralateral PTT Subluxation in a Patient With Congenitally Shallow Flexor Groove.

Foot Ankle Spec 2017 Oct 21;10(5):480-483. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California.

Introduction: Flexor tendon dislocation from the flexor tendon groove posterior of the medial malleolus has been previously described, and may be difficult to diagnose initially, but is amendable to surgical treatment with good outcomes. We present a unique case of unilateral dislocation of the posterior tibialis and flexor digitorum longus tendons with contralateral flexor digitorum longus subluxation that was treated surgically with a good outcome.

Case Presentation: A 37-year-old active duty male sustained a dislocation and subluxation of the flexor tendons bilaterally after a forced dorsiflexion injury. Read More

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October 2017

Flexor Digitorum Longus (FDL) or Flexor Hallucis Longus (FHL) Harvesting: Technical Tip and Case Studies.

Foot Ankle Int 2017 Nov 1;38(11):1267-1270. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

2 Orthopedics Department, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Background: Harvesting of the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) or the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) is a procedure used when tendon transfer is needed. It is commonly used in tibialis posterior reconstruction and Achilles tendon reconstruction. Harvesting of these tendons is sometimes difficult and time-consuming. Read More

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November 2017

Low-Energy Hawkins Type III Talar Neck Fracture-Dislocation With Neurovascular and Tendon Entrapment in a Pediatric Patient.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2017 Nov - Dec;56(6):1288-1291. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Orthopedics and Traumatology Surgeon/Specialist, Turan & Turan Bone and Joint Surgery Clinic, Osmangazi, Bursa, Turkey.

Several serious complications can occur after talar neck fractures. However, these fractures are extremely rare in children. We present a pediatric low-energy Hawkins type III fracture-dislocation that had excessive displacement accompanied by neurovascular and tendon entrapment. Read More

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Case Report: Irreducible Ankle Fracture With Posterior Tibialis Tendon and Retinaculum, Deltoid Ligament, and Anteromedial Joint Capsule Entrapment.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2017 Jul - Aug;56(4):889-893

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, NY; Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY.

Irreducible ankle fractures are a relatively rare phenomenon. We present a case of a pronation abduction-type ankle fracture that was irreducible in the emergency room despite sedation. The patient was taken to the operating room, where the posterior tibialis tendon and retinaculum, deltoid ligament, and anteromedial capsule were found to be trapped within the joint. Read More

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