67,236 results match your criteria Ankle Sprain


Commentary on "Progression of Ankle Plantarflexion Contractures and Functional Decline in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Implications for Physical Therapy Management".

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 Jan;31(1):67

Doctor of Physical Therapy Division Duke University School of Medicine Durham, North Carolina Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Duke University Medical Center Durham, North Carolina.

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January 2019

Progression of Ankle Plantarflexion Contractures and Functional Decline in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Implications for Physical Therapy Management.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 Jan;31(1):61-66

Department of Pediatrics (Drs Kiefer and Wong), University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Division of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy (Drs Kiefer, Bonarrigo, Quatman-Yates, and Fowler) and Division of Neurology (Drs Kiefer, Bonarrigo, Fowler, Horn, and Wong), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics (Dr Horn), University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Physical Therapy (Dr Quatman-Yates), The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Purpose: This study characterizes the progressive loss of ankle dorsiflexion range of motion in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the relationship to functional decline, and the implications for physical therapy management.

Methods: Longitudinal data for 332 boys with DMD were extracted from medical records and analyzed. Summary statistics for age, number of visits, ankle dorsiflexion measures, and North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) scores were computed. Read More

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January 2019

Long Term Follow Up of a Vascularized Osteocutaneous Free Flap for Reconstruction in Charcot Neuroarthropathy: A Case Report.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Curtis National Hand Center, MedStar Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD.

Vascularized osteocutaneous free flaps have seen increasing use in foot and ankle surgery for the repair of bony defects secondary to chronic nonunion, osteomyelitis, and fractures. One example is the Medial Femoral Condyle (MFC) Flap. The utility of the MFC flap for the repair of a bony defect in a diabetic patient, however, has yet to be explored. Read More

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December 2018

Optimal Result of One-Stage Secondary Debulking Procedure After Flap Reconstruction of the Ankle.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Skin and soft tissue defect of the ankle usually mandates flap reconstruction; however, bulky flap and difficulty ambulance have been the major disadvantages after flap reconstruction of this area. We used the concept of full-thickness skin graft as a 1-stage method of secondary debulking procedure to achieve both aesthetic and functional results.

Methods: Since January of 2004 to June of 2016, 22 one-stage secondary debulking procedures were performed on 22 patients who had received reconstruction with flaps for ankle defects. Read More

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December 2018
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Cost-Utility Study of the Economics of Bunion Correction Surgery.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 Dec 17:1071100718815663. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

3 Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background:: Bunion correction surgery is a very common procedure to improve patients' pain and physical function attributable to a misaligned first metatarsophalangeal joint. The objective of this study was to apply a health utility framework to estimate the cost utility of bunion correction surgery.

Methods:: Patients were prospectively recruited from the population of patients seen in a lower-extremity orthopedic clinic and scheduled for isolated bunion surgery. Read More

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December 2018

The biomechanical characteristics of high-performance endurance running.

Eur J Sport Sci 2018 Dec 15:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

a Centre for Health Sciences Research , University of Salford , Manchester , UK.

The biomechanical profile of high-level endurance runners may represent a useful model that could be used for developing training programmes designed to improve running style. This study, therefore, sought to compare the biomechanical characteristics of high-performance and recreational runners. Kinematic and kinetic measurements were taken during overground running from a cohort of 14 high-performance (8 male) and 14 recreational (8 male) runners, at four speeds ranging from 3. Read More

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December 2018

Are Fibular Locking Plates Necessary? The Influence of Dogma.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 Dec 17:1071100718815660. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

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December 2018

Strength Measurement After Achilles Tendon Repair.

Foot Ankle Spec 2018 Dec 17:1938640018819779. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.

The goal of treatment after Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) is to restore appropriate tension to the tendon, so that normal baseline strength and functional soft-tissue length can be achieved. The assessment of plantarflexion strength has shown widespread variability. The purpose of this study is to document variations in strength assessment after the treatment of ATR in the literature. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of custom-made foot orthoses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Rehabil 2018 Dec 17:269215518819118. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Department of Podiatry, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.

Objective:: To determine the effect of custom-made foot orthoses versus placebo insoles on pain, disability, foot functionality, and quality of life.

Design:: Double-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Setting:: University Podiatric Clinical Area. Read More

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December 2018

Outcome of Second-Ray Pathologies Following Weil Osteotomy in Patients Treated for Hallux Valgus.

Foot Ankle Spec 2018 Dec 17:1938640018819778. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: We hypothesized that the cause of second-ray pathology with hallux valgus is excessive relative length of the second metatarsal and performed Weil osteotomy to shorten it, with correction of hallux valgus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of second-ray pathology after distal chevron osteotomy (DCO) with Weil osteotomy to correct metatarsal parabola.

Methods: We performed concomitant Weil osteotomy of the second metatarsal with DCO of the first metatarsal as part of hallux valgus with second-ray pathology correction surgery in 45 feet (40 patients). Read More

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December 2018

Ankle Arthrodesis using Ilizarov Ring Fixator: A Primary or Salvage Procedure? An Analysis of Twenty Cases.

Malays Orthop J 2018 Nov;12(3):24-30

Section of Orthopaedics, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Ankle arthrodesis using the Ilizarov technique provides high union rate with the added benefits of early weight-bearing, and the unique advantage of its ability to promote regeneration of soft tissue around the bone, including skin, muscle and neuro-vascular structures, and its versatility to allow correction of the position of the foot by adjusting the frame post-operatively as needed. We describe our experience with this technique and the functional outcomes in our patients. This retrospective study was conducted in 20 ankle fusion cases using the Ilizarov method between the years 2007 and 2017. Read More

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November 2018

Surgical treatment of lateral and posterior process fractures of the talus: Mid-term results of 15 cases after 7 years.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Otto-von-Guericke University, Leipziger Str. 44 Magdeburg, Germany.

Background: We retrospectively evaluated the mid-term results of surgery for talar process fractures (lateral and posterior processes) and exploratively analyzed parameters that potentially impact treatment outcomes.

Methods: Fifteen patients who underwent internal fixation (January 2000 to December 2015) were examined for radiological and clinical functional outcomes. The independent parameters evaluated were age, sex, extent of general injury, soft-tissue damage, surgical latency, and fracture type. Read More

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November 2018

Is regional ankle block needed in conjunction with general anaesthesia for first ray surgery? A randomised controlled trial of ultrasound guided ankle block versus "blind" local infiltration.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Orthopaedic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, England, UK.

Background: Regional anaesthesia is commonly utilised for foot and ankle surgery. Debate remains at to the level of regional anaesthesia that is required. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether surgeon-delivered "blind" local anaesthetic infiltration around the first ray (metatarsal block without ultrasound guidance) was as effective as an ultrasound guided ankle block in providing post-operative analgesia after osseous first ray surgery performed under general anaesthetic. Read More

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November 2018

Management of Isolated Anterior Tibial Tendon Rupture: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Medical Writer, Scriptum Medica, University Place, WA. Electronic address:

Rupture of the tibialis anterior tendon is a rare condition reported to occur most often spontaneously in patients >45 years of age. Diagnosis is often delayed due to transient pain at the time of rupture and the ability of the long extensors to compensate for the lost action of the tibialis anterior. Treatment has been proposed to be based on the activity level of the individual; however, no consensus has been reached on the optimal treatment modality for this rare condition. Read More

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December 2018

Foot arch deformation and plantar fascia loading during running with rearfoot strike and forefoot strike: A dynamic finite element analysis.

J Biomech 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, China; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China. Electronic address:

Forefoot strike becomes popular among runners because it facilitates better impact attenuation. However, forefoot strike may overload the plantar fascia and impose risk of plantar fasciitis. This study aimed to examine and compare the foot arch deformation and plantar fascia tension between different foot strike techniques in running using a computational modelling approach. Read More

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December 2018

Compression therapy after invasive treatment of superficial veins of the lower extremities: Clinical practice guidelines of the American Venous Forum, Society for Vascular Surgery, American College of Phlebology, Society for Vascular Medicine, and International Union of Phlebology.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2019 Jan;7(1):17-28

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Guideline 1.1: Compression after thermal ablation or stripping of the saphenous veins. When possible, we suggest compression (elastic stockings or wraps) should be used after surgical or thermal procedures to eliminate varicose veins. Read More

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January 2019

The effects of a 12-week jump rope exercise program on abdominal adiposity, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in adolescent girls with prehypertension.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Physical Education, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea.

Introduction: Childhood obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. It is necessary to combat unfavorable outcomes of obesity at a young age by utilizing effective interventions, such as exercise.

Purpose: We sought to examine the effects of a jump rope exercise program on CVD risk factors, including body composition, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in prehypertensive adolescent girls. Read More

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December 2018
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Evaluation of functional ankle instability assessed by an instrumented wobble board.

Phys Ther Sport 2018 Dec 8;35:133-138. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Physiotherapy Department, University College of Northern Denmark, UCN, Selma Lagerloffsvej 2, DK-9220, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: Ankle sprains often lead to a history of recurrent injuries and functional joint instability. This study evaluated a new method for assessing functional impairment in patients with chronic ankle instability.

Design: Case-control study for construct validation purpose. Read More

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December 2018
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Clinical Comparison Between Shortening Osteotomy of the Proximal Phalanx Neck and Arthrodesis in Hammer Toe Surgery at Mid-TermFollow-Up.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Professor, Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

The treatment of hammer toe has been advocated for years, and many procedures have been proposed with skeletal and soft tissue intervention. The purpose of the present study was to compare arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint with shortening osteotomy of the proximal phalanx neck. In most cases, both procedures have been associated with elongation of the extensor apparatus, capsulotomy of the metatarsophalangeal joint, and stabilization with a Kirschner wire. Read More

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December 2018
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Preoperative Assessment of the Peroneal Tendons in Lateral Ankle Instability: Examining Clinical Factors, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sensitivity, and Their Relationship.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address:

The purpose of our study was to examine the preoperative clinical factors and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings associated with peroneal pathology in chronic lateral ankle instability patients, as well as the clinical factors associated with peroneal lesions being detected on MRI. Peroneal pathology was determined from intraoperative findings. Patients with/without peroneal pathology were compared regarding their preoperative clinical findings. Read More

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December 2018

Modified Valenti Arthroplasty in Running and Jumping Athletes With Hallux Limitus/Rigidus: Analysis of One Hundred Procedures.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Podiatrist, Podiatry Associates, PC Castle Pines, CO.

Despite hallux limitus/rigidus being a common condition, results of surgical procedures specifically pertaining to athletes are scarce. The results of 100 modified Valenti procedures, prospectively studied from January 2000 to June 2016 with an average 49.17 months of follow-up, are presented evaluating demographics, sport, time and ability to return to activity (RTA), decreased desired activity level, and need for additional surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Using bifurcated endoprosthesis after iliac artery recanalization for concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and chronic total occlusions of access routes.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Clinical Science, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Objective: Concurrent abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and unilateral iliac occlusion is a challenge in the implantation of bifurcated stent grafts (BFGs). The endovascular approach is less invasive than open surgery; the aortouni-iliac (AUI) graft with crossover femorofemoral bypass (CFFB) has many problems associated with extra-anatomic reconstruction. We attempted endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using BFGs in such cases and evaluated the outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Life's Simple 7 and Peripheral Artery Disease: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Am J Prev Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.

Introduction: In 2010, the American Heart Association initiated Life's Simple 7 with the goal of significantly improving cardiovascular health by the year 2020. The association of Life's Simple 7 with risk of peripheral artery disease has not been thoroughly explored.

Methods: Racially diverse individuals from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2012) were followed for incident peripheral artery disease (ankle brachial index ≤0. Read More

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December 2018

Sensory trick efficacy in cervical dystonia is linked to processing of neck proprioception.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, UK.

Background: Muscle vibration activates muscle spindles and when applied over posterior neck muscles during stance modulates global body orientation. This is characterised by a tonic forward sway response that is reportedly diminished or absent in patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia.

Objective: To investigating the impact of the sensory trick on vibration-induced postural responses. Read More

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December 2018
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Weighted vest effects on impact forces and joint work during vertical jump landings in men and women.

Hum Mov Sci 2018 Dec 12;63:156-163. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Kinesiology & Nutrition Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Box 3034, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA.

Weighted vest (WV) use during vertical jump landings (VJL) does not appear to alter peak vertical ground reaction forces (GRF) or peak joint torques. However, WV effects on joint work and sex differences during VJL are not well understood. This study assessed WV effects on vertical GRF and sagittal joint work during VJL in men and women. Read More

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December 2018
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Pathoanatomy of Maisonneuve fracture based on radiologic and CT examination.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Military University Hospital Prague, U Vojenské Nemocnice 1200, 169 02, Prague 6, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Although Maisonneuve fracture (MF) is a well-known type of ankle fracture-dislocation, there is still a lack of information about the epidemiology and the extent of all associated injuries. The aim of study is to describe MF pathoanatomy on the basis of radiographs, CT scans and intraoperative findings.

Materials And Methods: The study comprised 54 adult patients. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship between hospital or surgeon volume and outcomes in joint arthroplasty: protocol for a suite of systematic reviews and dose-response meta-analyses.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022797. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Introduction: Joint arthroplasty is a particularly complex orthopaedic surgical procedure performed on joints, including the hip, knee, shoulder, ankle, elbow, wrist and even digit joints. Increasing evidence from volume-outcomes research supports the finding that patients undergoing joint arthroplasty in high-volume hospitals or by high-volume surgeons achieve better outcomes, and minimum case load requirements have been established in some areas. However, the relationships between hospital/surgeon volume and outcomes in patients undergoing arthroplasty are not fully understood. Read More

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December 2018

Kinematics reduction applied to the comparison of highly-pronated, normal and highly-supinated feet during walking.

Gait Posture 2018 Dec 6;68:269-273. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica y Construcción, Universitat Jaume I, Av. Vicent Sos Baynat, s/n, 12071, Castellón, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Kinematic analysis could help to study how variations in the static foot posture affect lower limb biomechanical function. The analysis of foot kinematics is complex because it involves managing the time-dependent joint angles in different joints and in all three planes of motion. But it could be simplified if joint angles are coordinated. Read More

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December 2018
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Return to Sport After Ankle Syndesmotic Injury: A Systematic Review.

Sports Health 2018 Dec 14:1941738118816282. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Context:: Ankle syndesmotic injuries present a significant challenge for athletes due to prolonged disability and recovery periods. The optimal management of these injuries and rates of return to sport in athletes remains unclear.

Objective:: The purpose of this study was to evaluate return to sport for athletes after ankle syndesmotic injuries. Read More

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December 2018

Association of epistaxis with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objectives/hypothesis: To investigate the association between epistaxis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Study Design: Case-control cohort study.

Methods: This study included patients from the tertiary-care ear, nose, and throat department at the University Hospital of Zurich between December 1, 2016 and June 1, 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of reduced tip-apex distance on helical blade fixation - a biomechanical study.

J Orthop Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

AO Research Institute Davos, Clavadelerstrasse 8, 7270 Davos Platz, Switzerland.

Migration profile of helical blades differs from conventional screw design. Tip-apex distance (TAD) greater than 25mm is associated with early failure in hip screws. This study investigates the effect of a reduced TAD on helical blade fixation. Read More

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December 2018

Hindfoot Fusion Nail with Adjuvant Hybrid External Fixation used as Limb-Salvage Procedure after Failed Open Reduction Internal Fixation of Ankle Fracture in a Charcot Joint: A Case Report.

P R Health Sci J 2018 Dec;37(4):235-238

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR.

The failure of the internal fixation of an ankle fracture due to Charcot joint/ neuroarthropathy is rare; such occurred in the case of a 52-year-old woman with uncontrolled diabetes who sustained a right ankle fracture after falling from standing height. The patient was treated with the internal fixation of both malleoli, which procedure failed as the patient progressed, until she eventually was diagnosed with Charcot arthropathy. The post operative images were reviewed and showed a catastrophic fixation failure with a diagnosis of Charcot neuroarthropathy. Read More

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December 2018

Is Use of Bone Cement for Treatment of Second Metatarsal Stress Fractures Safe? A Case Report.

Cureus 2018 Oct 9;10(10):e3436. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Orthopaedics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA.

Metatarsal stress fractures are common injuries of the foot and can be a source of chronic pain without appropriate management. Conservative management is first line, but surgery may be indicated in athletes, cases of nonunion, and fractures of the fifth metatarsal. We report a case of a 34-year-old female who presented to clinic for intractable pain of the left foot secondary to a stress fracture of the left second metatarsal, which had been previously treated with injectable acrylic bone cement. Read More

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October 2018
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Intuitive Clinician Control Interface for a Powered Knee-Ankle Prosthesis: A Case Study.

IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med 2018 23;6:2600209. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of BioengineeringThe University of Texas at DallasRichardsonTX75080USA.

This paper presents a potential solution to the challenge of configuring powered knee-ankle prostheses in a clinical setting. Typically, powered prostheses use impedance-based control schemes that contain several independent controllers which correspond to consecutive periods along the gait cycle. This control strategy has numerous control parameters and switching rules that are generally tuned by researchers or technicians and not by a certified prosthetist. Read More

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November 2018

Effects of aspirin combined with cilostazol on thromboangiitis obliterans in diabetic patients.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 8;16(6):5041-5046. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Blood Transfusion, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, Shandong 261041, P.R. China.

The present study explored the effects of aspirin combined with cilostazolin in the treatment of diabetic patients with thromboangiitis obliterans and the effects on the related inflammatory factors. A total of 90 diabetic patients with thromboangiitis obliterans admitted to Weifang People's Hospital from August 2015 to June 2017 were selected and divided into the control group (n=45) and the combination group (n=45). Patients in the control group were given aspirin, and those in the combination group were given aspirin combined with cilostazol. Read More

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December 2018

Closed-loop functional optogenetic stimulation.

Nat Commun 2018 Dec 13;9(1):5303. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

MIT Media Lab, Center for Extreme Bionics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 02139, MA, USA.

Optogenetics has been used to orchestrate temporal- and tissue-specific control of neural tissues and offers a wealth of unique advantages for neuromuscular control. Here, we establish a closed-loop functional optogenetic stimulation (CL-FOS) system to control ankle joint position in murine models. Using the measurement of either joint angle or fascicle length as a feedback signal, we compare the controllability of CL-FOS to closed-loop functional electrical stimulation (CL-FES) and demonstrate significantly greater accuracy, lower rise times and lower overshoot percentages. Read More

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December 2018

Poor relationship between frontal tibiofemoral and trochlear anatomic parameters: Implications for designing a trochlea for kinematic alignment.

Knee 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

MSK Lab, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, Laboratory Block, London W6 8RP, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; South West London Elective Orthopaedic Center, Dorking Rd, Epsom KT18 7EG, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: The kinematic alignment (KA) technique for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an emerging implant positioning philosophy that aims to restore constitutional knee anatomy to improve knee kinematics. At present, the KA technique aims to reconstruct native femorotibial (FT) joint alignment, however there is still insufficient consideration towards the inter-individual trochlear anatomy variability. Poor trochlear restoration may compromise clinical outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Epidemiology of Adult Ankle Fractures: 1756 cases identified in Norrbotten County during 2009-2013 and classified according to AO/OTA.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Dec 13;19(1):441. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Sunderby Research Unit, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences (orthopaedics), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: The ankle fracture is one of the most common fractures, increasing in an ageing population, but not generally seen as an osteoporotic fracture. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between different AO/OTA classes of ankle fractures, age, sex and type of trauma.

Methods: Ankle fractures, treated at any of the hospitals in Norrbotten County in Sweden between 2009 and 2013, were retrospectively identified and classified according to the AO/OTA-classification system. Read More

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December 2018

Treat the congenital pseudarthrosis of the Tibia with Ilizarov technology: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13384

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.

Rationale: According to previously published studies, treating pediatric patients with congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) is challenging. More effective methods are needed to treat this patient population.

Patient Concerns: A 7-year-old girl with congenital pseudarthrosis of the distal tibia, previously misdiagnosed as a fracture, underwent plate fixation. Read More

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December 2018

Einschränkungen in der Gehfähigkeit und der Sprunggelenksdorsalflexion bei Kindern nach intensiver Krebsbehandlung.

Klin Padiatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Sports Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sports Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: With improved survival rates in pediatric oncology, the detection of adverse side- and late-effects is gaining increased interest. This cross-sectional study investigated walking abilities and ankle dorsiflexion function in children with cancer.

Patients: Study participants included 16 children with various cancers (4-20 years, patient group) after completion of the intense treatment and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy peers (comparison group). Read More

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December 2018

Effects of repeated eccentric and isometric contractions with relatively low loading dose on joint stiffness.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Life Science, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan -

Background: The purpose of the present study was to compare changes in joint stiffness after repeated eccentric (ECC; leading to muscle fatigue) and isometric (ISO; leading to tendon fatigue) contractions and to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for decline in joint stiffness after repeated stretch-shortening cycle exercises reported previously.

Methods: Ankle joint stiffness (change in joint torque divided by change in joint angle during braking phase) and electromyographic activity (mEMG) of the plantar flexor muscles during drop jump using the ankle joint were measured before and after ECC, ISO, and control conditions.

Results: Peak ankle joint torque, range of motion, and joint stiffness during drop jump did not change after ECC or ISO. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of TurboHawk Plaque Rotation System in Treatment of Superficial Femoral Atherosclerosis.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 13;24:9026-9031. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Vascular Surgery, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND To investigate the curative effect and utility of the TurboHawk plaque circumcision system in the treatment of patients with superficial femoral atherosclerosis (SFA). MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 60 cases of superficial femoral atherosclerotic stenosis and occlusion treated with the TurboHawk plaque circumcision system for endovascular ablation of the superficial femoral artery in the People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region between January 2016 and December 2017. RESULTS The sample comprised of 50 male and 10 female patients with an average age of 65±4. Read More

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December 2018

Leiomyoma of the Foot: A Case Report.

Cureus 2018 Oct 5;10(10):e3419. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Orthopaedics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA.

Leiomyomas are benign tumors of smooth muscle origin. They are most commonly found in the uterus, but cutaneous leiomyomas may be occasionally present in the extremities and cause pain secondary to mass effect. Few studies have reported leiomyoma of the foot, and leiomyoma of the heel is particularly rare. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

[The association of limited health literacy and risk of arterial stiffness in community-dwelling older adults].

Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 2018 ;55(4):605-611

Department of Liberal arts and Sciences, Toyama Prefectural University.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effects of limited health literacy on arterial stiffness measured by the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in community-dwelling older adults.

Methods: A total of 288 older adults (mean age, 72.4 years, men, n = 99) participated. Read More

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January 2018

Local Dynamic Stability of the Locomotion of Lower Extremity Joints and Trunk During Backward Upslope Walking.

J Mot Behav 2018 Dec 7:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

a Department of Orthopedic Surgery & Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implant , Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai , China.

Backward slope walking was considered as a practical rehabilitation and training skill. However, its gait stability has been hardly studied, resulting in its limited application as a rehabilitation tool. In this study, the effect of walking direction and slope grade were investigated on the local dynamic stability of the motion of lower extremity joints and trunk segment during backward and forward upslope walking (BUW/FUW). Read More

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December 2018

Pseudo-tear appearance of the posterior tibiotalar ligament on fluid-sensitive sequences.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090, Brussels, Belgium.

Purpose: This study aimed at studying the MR imaging appearance of the tibiotalar ligament in asymptomatic volunteers.

Materials And Methods: Fourty-two ankles were imaged on a 3T MR system using proton density weighted images with fat saturation (TR, 2969 ms; TE 30 ms; NA, 2; slice thickness, 2.5 mm). Read More

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December 2018

[Contribution of the maximal exercise test to diagnosis the vascular origin of leg pain in athletes].

J Med Vasc 2018 Dec 14;43(6):379-383. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Service d'imagerie et explorations vasculaires, 2, rue Henri Le Guilloux, 35000 Rennes, France.

Leg pain is a common debilitating symptom in athletes. Vascular disease is not often proposed as a possible cause. Maximal exercise with measure of the ankle-brachial index after exercise can be an interesting diagnostic test. Read More

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December 2018

Functional evaluation outcomes correlate with histomorphometric changes in the rat sciatic nerve crush injury model: A comparison between sciatic functional index and kinematic analysis.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208985. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Motor Function Analysis, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Elucidating whether there is a correlation between biomechanical functions and histomorphometric data in the rat sciatic nerve crush injury model would contribute to an accurate evaluation of the regeneration state without sacrificing animals. The gold standard for functional evaluation is the sciatic functional index (SFI) despite there being intrinsic shortcomings. Kinematic analysis is considered a reliable and sensitive approach for functional evaluation, most commonly assessed as ankle angle at various phases of a gait cycle. Read More

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December 2018
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