18,193 results match your criteria Ankle Sprain


Regression models for the erector spinae muscle (ESM) cross-sectional area (CSA): Asymptomatic populations.

J Biomech Eng 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Associate Professor, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA.

Understanding low back morphology is critical to understanding spinal loading and the underlying injury mechanisms, which helps to characterize risk and, therefore, minimize low back pain injuries. Individualized erector spinae muscle (ESM) cross-sectional area (CSA) allows biomechanics practitioners to calculate individualized force-generating capacities and spinal loadings for given tasks. The objective is to perform morphological analyses and then provide regression models to estimate the ESM CSA of an individual with his/her subject characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4043558DOI Listing

Anatomical Arthroscopic Anterior Talofibular Ligament and Calcaneofibular Ligament Reconstruction Using an Autogenic Hamstring Tendon: Safe Creation of Anatomical Fibular Tunnel.

Arthrosc Tech 2019 Mar 4;8(3):e215-e222. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Minami, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.

Ankle sprains are the most common lower extremity injuries associated with sports activity. Although ligament repair techniques are popular, reconstruction methods using free tendons are considered when the ligament remnant is insufficiently strong, when high-demand athletes sustain repeat ankle sprains, or in revision cases after repair. Recently, some arthroscopic reconstruction techniques have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2018.10.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6470364PMC

Traumatic right common femoral artery occlusion caused by blunt bicycle handlebar injury: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 22;5(1):64. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Almeida Memorial Hospital, 1509-2, Oaza Miyazaki, Oita city, Oita, 870-1195, Japan.

Background: Traumatic femoral artery occlusion caused by blunt impact to the groin is rare; this condition is called the "motor-scooter handlebar syndrome." We herein report a case of traumatic femoral artery occlusion and performed a literature review on its diagnosis and treatment.

Case Presentation: An 18-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of pain and swelling in his right groin and numbness in his right leg after a bicycle collision accident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0628-3DOI Listing

Factors associated with gait outcomes in patients with traumatic lumbosacral plexus injuries.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Lumbosacral plexus injuries usually occur in patients with severe, multiple traumas requiring intensive care, affecting gait function. The purpose of the present study was to identify the initial factors associated with gait outcome in lumbosacral plexus injuries caused by traumas.

Methods: We retrospectively identified 664 patients with pelvic fractures caused by trauma between 2006 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01137-xDOI Listing

Multisegment Foot Models and Clinical Application After Foot and Ankle Trauma; A Scoping Review.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Professor, Division of Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Professor, School for Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, NUTRIM, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Since the end of the 1990s, several multisegment foot models (MSFMs) have been developed. Several models were used to describe foot and ankle kinematics in patients with foot and ankle pathologies; however, the diagnostic value for clinical practice of these models is not known. This review searched in the literature for studies describing kinematics in patients after foot and ankle trauma using an MSFM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.11.013DOI Listing

Impact of Routine Gastrocnemius Stretching on Ankle Dorsiflexion Flexibility and Injury Rates in High School Basketball Athletes.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Apr 11;7(4):2325967119836774. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: Achilles tightness exacerbates a variety of foot and ankle conditions while increasing the risk of lower extremity injuries. The correlation between Achilles tightness and lower extremity injury rates in a young, athletic population is unknown.

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of routine gastrocnemius stretching on ankle flexibility and lower extremity injury rates in youth basketball athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119836774DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460886PMC

THE EFFECT OF NOVEL ANKLE-REALIGNING SOCKS ON DYNAMIC POSTURAL STABILITY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH CHRONIC ANKLE INSTABILITY.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2019 Apr;14(2):264-272

Hiroshima International University, Department of Rehabilitation, Higashi Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background: A dynamic postural stability deficit has been suggested to be present in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Interventions to improve postural control in individuals with CAI have been reported, but they required a long period of and compliance with interventions.

Purpose: To examine the effect of novel ankle-realigning socks on dynamic postural stability in individuals with CAI using the star excursion balance test (SEBT). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449016PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Japanese translation and modification of the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre overuse injury questionnaire to evaluate overuse injuries in female college swimmers.

PLoS One 2019 15;14(4):e0215352. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Sports Wellness Sciences, Japan Women's College of Physical Education, Tokyo, Japan.

The purpose of the present study was to translate and modify the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire into Japanese and validate it among Japanese athletes through a longitudinal survey. A modified back-translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Japanese. The longitudinal survey was performed in 29 female college swimmers who were followed up for more than 24 consecutive weeks. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215352PLOS
April 2019
4 Reads

Pediatric and Adolescent Figure Skating Injuries: A 15-Year Retrospective Review.

Clin J Sport Med 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of injuries sustained by young figure skaters who were evaluated at regional pediatric sports medicine clinics.

Design: Retrospective chart review (2003-2017).

Setting: Sports medicine clinics at a tertiary-level pediatric medical center. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00042752-900000000-9905
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000743DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Anatomical variations in the cutaneous innervation on the dorsum of the foot.

Anat Cell Biol 2019 Mar 29;52(1):34-37. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Generally among the branches of common peroneal nerve, the superficial peroneal nerve provides cutaneous innervation to major part of the dorsum of the foot whereas the deep peroneal nerve innervates the skin over the first interdigital cleft region. The sural and saphenous nerves supplies the smaller lateral and medial margins of the dorsum respectively. The present study has been taken to classify the patterns of innervations of the nerves on the dorsum of the foot in South Indian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5115/acb.2019.52.1.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449594PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Pain Level, Range of Motion, and Foot Volume Do Not Differ in Recurrent and First-Time Ankle Sprains.

Foot Ankle Spec 2019 Apr 15:1938640019843331. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences (IW), University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Objective: This study aims to describe the clinical features in terms of pain perception, ankle range of motion, and foot volume in participants with recurrent ankle sprains compared with first-time sprains.

Methods: Individuals with grade I and II ankle sprains were referred to physiotherapy care for further rehabilitation by their general practitioner. Primary outcome measures were range of movement, pain, and foot volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1938640019843331DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

In vivo kinematics of functional ankle instability patients and lateral ankle sprain copers during stair descent.

J Orthop Res 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Radiology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Patients with mechanic ankle instability experience increased tibiotalar and subtalar joint laxity. However, in vivo joint kinematics in functional ankle instability (FAI) patients and lateral ankle sprain (LAS) copers, especially during dynamic activities, are poorly understood. Ten FAI patients, 10 LAS copers and 10 healthy controls were included in this study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jor.24303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.24303DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads
2.986 Impact Factor

Distally based peroneus brevis muscle flap: A single centre experience.

Chin J Traumatol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India.

Purpose: Defects around the distal one third of the leg and ankle are difficult to manage by conservative measures or simple split thickness skin graft. Distally based peroneus brevis muscle flap is a well described flap for such defects.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis conducted on 25 patients with soft tissue and bony defects of distal third of lower leg and ankle, which were treated using distally based peroneus brevis muscle flap from January 2013 to January 2018. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10081275183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.08.006DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Retrograde dorsalis pedis angiosomal flow compromised by small puncture wound leading to transmetatarsal amputation.

Foot (Edinb) 2019 Feb 14;39:60-67. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Foot and Ankle Surgery Resident, Dept. of Orthopedics, John Peter Smith Hospital, 1500 S. Main Street, Fort Worth, TX, 76104, United States.

Pedal puncture wounds can precipitate a variety of complications, often resulting from a delay in treatment. Although the risk of infection predominates, direct vascular insult and subsequent ischemia is a lesser reported complication of these injuries. Consequently, this may have morbid results, especially on a background of pre-existing peripheral vascular disease. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09582592183014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The importance of syndesmotic reduction on clinical outcome after syndesmosis injuries.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Baerum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Norway. E-mail:

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between syndesmosis reduction and outcome.

Design: Level III diagnostic study.

Setting: One level 1 and one level 3 Trauma Centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001485DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Concurrent Ipsilateral Tibial Shaft and Distal Tibial Fractures in Pediatric Patients: Risk Factors, Frequency, and Risk of Missed Diagnosis.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee-Campbell Clinic.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of concurrent ipsilateral distal tibial fractures with tibial shaft fractures in the pediatric population; to identify patient and fracture characteristics that increase the likelihood of a concurrent fracture; and determine if any of these concurrent distal tibial fractures were missed on initial radiographic examination.

Methods: Retrospective chart review was done to identify patients 5 to 17 years old who were treated for a tibial shaft fracture at a large, Level 1 free-standing children's hospital and an outpatient orthopaedic practice between 2008 and 2016. Patient and fracture characteristics were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001384DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Letter to the editor on "Return to sport following Lisfranc injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis".

Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Academic Center for Evidence Based Sports Medicine (ACES), The Netherlands; Amsterdam Collaboration for Health and Safety in Sports (ACHSS), International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Center Amsterdam UMC, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Lower Limb Maneuver Investigation of Chasse Steps Among Male Elite Table Tennis Players.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Apr 8;55(4). Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Human Movement Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

The popularity of table tennis has increased globally. As a result, the biomechanical movement patterns in the lower limb during table tennis have attracted extensive attention from coaches, scientists and athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences between the long and short chasse steps in table tennis and evaluate risk factors related to injuries in the lower limb. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55040097DOI Listing

Astym therapy: a systematic review.

Ann Transl Med 2019 Feb;7(4):70

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Soft tissue dysfunction can result from the degeneration of tissues as in the case of degenerative tendinopathy or from the build-up of problematic scar tissue, which can be the result of several aggravating factors, including overuse injuries, acute or chronic trauma, or as a result of surgery. This dysfunction often results in impaired movement, pain, and swelling of the affected area, which can lead to patient dissatisfaction and a lower quality of life. These soft tissue dysfunctions also have a marked economic impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.11.49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409241PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Patient satisfaction and outcomes of static progressive stretch bracing: a 10-year prospective analysis.

Ann Transl Med 2019 Feb;7(4):67

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Multiple surgical and non-surgical modalities are available for patients suffering from shoulder elbow, forearm, wrist, knee and ankle stiffness. For most patients, bracing can provide optimal therapy to restore functional range of motion (ROM). Three commonly used bracing mechanisms include static progressive stretch (SPS), turnbuckle, and dynamic bracing. Read More

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http://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/21271/22777
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.08.31DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409232PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

The Effect of the "11+ Kids" on the Isokinetic Strength of Young Football Players.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2019 Apr 8:1-19. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

5 Department of Sport, Exercise, and Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: The "11+ Kids" injury prevention programme has shown to reduce injuries and related costs in youth football players under 14 years of age. A major argument to convince coaches to use this exercise-based injury prevention programme, is a potential performance enhancement of the players. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of the "11+ Kids" programme on isokinetic strength. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0827DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Lower extremity joint moments throughout gait at two speeds more than 4 years after ACL reconstruction.

Gait Posture 2019 May 25;70:347-354. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Federal University of Santa Maria, Laboratory of Biomechanics, 1000 Roraima Avenue, building 51, room 1007, ZIP: 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Long-term gait adaptations after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) have been reported. However, it is still unclear if they persist more than 4 years after surgery and if they are affected by gait speed.

Research Question: To investigate differences between groups, legs and walking speeds for ankle, knee and hip joint moments in three planes throughout the stance phase of gait. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09666362183175
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.02.025DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Management of ankle fractures in children.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2019 Apr;80(4):201-203

Associate Professor, Academic Orthopaedics, Department of Trauma and Sports Medicine, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham.

Ankle fractures are a common injury in children and adolescents - 1 in 1000 children will sustain an ankle fracture each year. Understanding the diagnosis and management of these injuries is vital for any doctor or clinician working in the emergency department, orthopaedics or providing community care. This review identifies the important features of high- and low-risk ankle fractures, how to prevent the use of unnecessary radiation and the management of these injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/hmed.2019.80.4.201DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Girls' Softball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Women's Softball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).

J Athl Train 2019 Feb;54(2):212-225

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Context: The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of girls' and women's softball injury data.

Objective: To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school girls' softball in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate women's softball in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance.

Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-206-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464304PMC
February 2019
3 Reads
1.509 Impact Factor

External ankle supports alter running biomechanics: a field-based study using wearable sensors.

Physiol Meas 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Kinesiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, UNITED STATES.

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of ankle taping, bracing, and fibular reposition taping (FRT) on running biomechanics as measured with wearable sensors. Approach: A crossover study design was employed as 12 young adults (6 males, 6 females) with history of ankle sprain completed four 400m runs at self-selected pace on an outdoor track. One of four conditions (control, taped, braced, FRT) was applied prior to each run. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6579/ab15adDOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

MRI of ankle sprain: the association between joint effusion and structural injury severity in a large cohort of athletes.

Eur Radiol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Radiology, Quantitative Imaging Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: To test the hypothesis if presence and amount of effusion in the tibiotalar and talocalcaneal joints are associated with an increased risk for severe structural injury in ankle sprains.

Methods: A total of 261 athletes sustaining acute ankle sprains were assessed on MRI for the presence and the amount of joint effusion in the tibiotalar and talocalcaneal joints, as well as for ligamentous and osteochondral injury. Specific patterns of injury severity were defined based on lateral collateral ligament, syndesmotic, and talar osteochondral involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06156-1DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Effects of sudden unexpected mechanical perturbation training aimed at the primary prevention of inversion ankle sprain on reactiveness of ankle movement and cortical activity in normal young adults.

J Phys Ther Sci 2019 Mar 19;31(3):242-249. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Shinshu University, Japan.

[Purpose] To determine the effects of sudden unexpected mechanical perturbation training aimed at the primary prevention of inversion ankle sprain on the reactiveness of ankle eversion movement and cortical activity. [Participants and Methods] Sixty healthy participants were randomly allocated equally into 1) the sudden unexpected mechanical perturbation training group, 2) self-paced training group, or 3) control group. The first two groups performed each course of training 3 days per week for 4 weeks. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jpts/31/3/31_jpts-2018-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.31.242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428645PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Primary Synovial Osteochondromatosis Discovered After Ankle Sprain.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2019 Apr;49(4):284

A 23-year-old military cadet presented to a direct-access physical therapy clinic for an ankle sprain 1 day after inverting his left ankle. Following examination, the physical therapist ordered lower-leg radiographs, which showed no fracture; however, small, rounded, partially calcified bodies were noted in the ankle. Additional ankle imaging was ordered under radiologist guidance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2019.8383DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Functional outcome of implant removal following fracture fixation below the level of the knee: a prospective cohort study.

Bone Joint J 2019 04;101-B(4):447-453

Trauma Unit, Department of Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome in patients undergoing implant removal (IR) after fracture fixation below the level of the knee.

Patients And Methods: All adult patients (18 to 75 years) undergoing IR after fracture fixation below the level of the knee between November 2014 and September 2016 were included as part of the WIFI (Wound Infections Following Implant Removal Below the Knee) trial, performed in 17 teaching hospitals and two university hospitals in The Netherlands. In this multicentre prospective cohort, the primary outcome was the difference in functional status before and after IR, measured by the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), with a minimal clinically important difference of nine points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B4.BJJ-2018-0745.R1DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Impact of obesity on operative treatment and inpatient outcomes of paediatric limb fractures.

Bone Joint J 2019 Apr;101-B(4):491-496

Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Aims: The aim of this study was to utilize a national paediatric inpatient database to determine whether obesity influences the operative management and inpatient outcomes of paediatric limb fractures.

Patients And Methods: The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) was used to evaluate children between birth and 17 years of age, from 1997 and 2012, who had undergone open and closed treatment of humeral, radial and ulna, femoral, tibial, and ankle fractures. Demographics, hospital charges, lengths of stay (LOS), and complications were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B4.BJJ-2018-0740.R2DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Radiologic Evaluation of Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot Fracture Fixation Hardware.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Apr 29;23(2):e36-e55. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Radiologists should be familiar with basic principles of fracture fixation and the normal imaging appearances of implant constructs and their complications. The surgeon's selection of external fixation, intramedullary nail fixation, open reduction and internal fixation, or some combination depends on patient factors, fracture configuration, injury to the soft tissue envelope, and surgeon experience. Complications including loss of fixation with resultant malalignment, nonunion, infection, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis present additional challenges for the surgeon as well as the radiologist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1681049DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Function of ankle ligaments for subtalar and talocrural joint stability during an inversion movement - an in vitro study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2019 18;12:16. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

1Department of Sport and Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Schwarzwaldstraße 175, 79117 Freiburg, Germany.

Background: The lateral ankle ligament complex consisting of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) and the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL) is known to provide stability against ankle joint inversion. As injuries of the ankle joint have been reported at a wide range of plantarflexion/dorsiflexion angles, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the stabilizing function of these ligaments depending on the sagittal plane positioning of the ankle joint.

Methods: Eight fresh-frozen specimens were tested on a custom-built ankle deflection tester allowing the application of inversion torques in various plantarflexion/dorsiflexion positions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-019-0330-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421682PMC
March 2019
1 Read

[Arthroscopic repair of chronic lateral ankle instability].

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Sektion für Fuß- und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Klinik für Allgemeine, Unfall- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, LMU München, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Nußbaumstraße 20, 80336, München, Deutschland.

Objective: Repair of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle joint; identification and treatment of intra-articular pathologies.

Indications: Symptomatic chronic lateral ankle instability. Treatment of osteochondral lesions associated with lateral ankle instability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00064-019-0595-7DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Noninvasive Interactive Neurostimulation Therapy for the Treatment of Low-Grade Lateral Ankle Sprain in the Professional Contact Sport Athlete Improves the Short-Term Recovery and Return to Sport: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Researcher, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Ospedale San Camillo de Lellis, Rieti, Italy; Surgeon, Clinica San Feliciano, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Ankle injuries are very common between professional athletes and recreational sports. Lateral stable ligaments injury can be treated conservatively. Noninvasive interactive neurostimulation (NIN) is a form of electric therapy that works by locating areas of lower skin impedance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.09.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Missed foot fractures in multiple trauma patients.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 25;20(1):121. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Committee on Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care and Trauma Management, (Sektion NIS) of the German Trauma Society (DGU), Cologne, Germany.

Background: Missed or underestimated injuries are one of the central problems in trauma care. Foot injuries can easily be missed because they lay beyond the regularly screened field of a trauma computer tomography scan (CT scan). During primary and secondary survey a careful examination of the extremities often becomes of secondary interest in the severely injured patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2501-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434880PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Anticipating ankle inversion perturbations during a single-leg drop landing alters ankle joint and impact kinetics.

Hum Mov Sci 2019 Mar 22;66:22-30. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Neuromechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA.

Anticipatory responses to inversion perturbations can prevent an accurate assessment of lateral ankle sprain mechanics when using injury simulations. Despite recent evidence of the anticipatory motor control strategies utilized during inversion perturbations, kinetic compensations during anticipated inversion perturbations are currently unknown. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of anticipation to an inversion perturbation during a single-leg drop landing on ankle joint and impact kinetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Smartphone-Related Accidents in Children and Adolescents: A Novel Mechanism of Injury.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

From the Departments of Pediatric Surgery, and.

Objectives: Smartphones have become an integral part of daily life, often grabbing full attention of its user. We hypothesized that smartphone-associated trauma in children and adolescents has increased in the last decade. The objective of this study was to analyze smartphone-related injuries in children at two German centers for pediatric emergency care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001781DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Complications of implant removal in ankle fractures.

J Orthop 2019 May-Jun;16(3):191-194. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: Although the complications of internal fixation in ankle fractures are well-known in a number of reports, there have been few reports revealing the complications of implant removal in ankle fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate the perioperative complications of implant removal in ankle fractures and analyze the associated factors of such complications.

Methods: Patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation using metal implants for ankle fractures and had their implants removed between 2010 and 2015 were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jor.2019.02.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411597PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum versus the bone block procedure for the treatment of recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation: two safe and effective techniques.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Institution of Sports Medicine, Beijing Key Laboratory of Sports Injuries, Peking University Third Hospital, 49 North Garden Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Clinical outcomes between reattachment of the superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR) and the bone block procedure were compared in this study to elucidate which procedure was safer and more effective.

Methods: From 2012 to 2016, 25 patients with recurrent peroneal tendon dislocation underwent the bone block procedure (group A), and another 22 patients underwent reattachment of the SPR (group B). American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Ankle Activity Score (AAS), time to return to sports activity, rate of return to sports level, range of motion (ROM) of the ankle, rate of recurrence, and overall patient satisfaction were collected to evaluate outcomes between the two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05479-2DOI Listing
March 2019
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A Military Case Review Method to Determine and Record the Mechanism of Injury (BioTab) from In-Theater Attacks.

Mil Med 2019 03;184(Suppl 1):374-378

U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Survivability/Lethality Analysis Directorate, 328 Hopkins Rd, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

A recent study of all mounted vehicle underbody blast attacks found that 21% of Abbreviated Injury Scale Severity 2+ injuries in the Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury in Combat network were injuries to the leg and ankle. To develop effective countermeasure systems for these attacks, the epidemiology and mechanisms of injury from this loading environment need to be quantified. The goal of this study was to develop a military correlate of an existing civilian case review framework, the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN), to consider the differences in military event types and the amount of available vehicle/attack information. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/milmed/article/184/Supplement_1/374
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy396DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Effectiveness of protective clothing for motorized 2-wheeler riders.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 22;20(2):196-203. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

a Univ Lyon, Université Lyon 1, IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE UMR_T 9405 , Lyon , France.

Objective: This study assesses the effectiveness of protective clothing (motorcycle jacket, trousers, gloves, knee-high or ankle boots, back protection) for motorized 2-wheeler (MTW) riders.

Methods: This retrospective observational study used injury data from the Rhône Registry of Road Accident Victims, plus a postal survey conducted in 2016. Seven thousand one hundred forty-eight MTW riders involved in accidents between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the Registry and were invited to complete a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1545090DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Detailed injury epidemiology in contemporary dance: a 1-year prospective study of 134 students.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2019 8;5(1):e000453. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Performing Arts Medicine, Codarts University of the Arts, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Aim: We investigated the extent and characteristics of injuries in contemporary dance students.

Methods: During one academic year, 134 students of Bachelor dance and Bachelor dance teacher from Codarts University of the Arts (Rotterdam, the Netherlands) were prospectively monitored monthly, using the Performing Artist and Athlete Health Monitor which includes the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Questionnaire on Health Problems.

Results: 130 students were included in the analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407557PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Injury incidence and injury patterns by category, player position, and maturation in elite male handball elite players.

Biol Sport 2019 Mar 15;36(1):67-74. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Futbol Club Barcelona, Medical Department. Barcelona; Spain.

The aim of this cohort study is to estimate the influence of position, category, and maturity status on the incidence and pattern of injury in handball players, across two seasons. Injury registration from 164 players-season (12-27 years) was conducted, and players were categorized into youth (133) and adults (31), and per position: 27 goalkeepers, 67 backs, 70 wings and pivots. Maturity status in youth players was also measured by testicular volume on clinical examination (32 immature, 101 mature). Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/biolsport.2018.78908
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2018.78908DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413568PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

[Retrospective analysis of modified Karlsson surgery for chronic calcaneofibular ligament injury].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(11):818-822

Department of Orthopedics, Aerospace Center Hospital, Beijing 100049, China.

To retrospectively evaluate the therapeutic effect and influencing factors of the modified Karlsson operation (anchor method) in treating chronic rupture of the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL). From August 2010 to May 2014, the data of 24 patients with calcaneofibular ligament rupture treated in Institute of Sports Medicine, Third Hospital of Peking University were retrospectively analyzed. All cases were repaired with modified Karlsson operation (anchor method). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.11.004DOI Listing
March 2019
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Delay in Flap Coverage Past 7 Days Increases Complications for Open Tibia Fractures: A Cohort Study of 140 North American Trauma Centers.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Apr;33(4):161-168

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objectives: To measure time to flap coverage after open tibia fractures and assess whether delays are associated with inpatient complications.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: One forty level I and II trauma centers in Canada and the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001434DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Anatomico-radiological Study of the Bifurcate Ligament of the Foot with Clinical Significance.

Cureus 2019 Jan 8;11(1):e3847. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA.

Introduction Lateral ankle sprain caused by forcible plantar flexion and inversion of the foot commonly damages the anterior talofibular ligament and other ligaments. Unfortunately, involvement of the bifurcate ligament (BL) is often overlooked when assessing such injuries in clinical practice and identification of this ligament on magnetic resonance (MR) scans can be challenging. Anatomically, the BL is a Y-shaped structure with two bands: the calcaneonavicular ligament (CNL) and calcaneocuboid ligament (CCL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3847DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411328PMC
January 2019
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Does the cleat model interfere with ankle sprain risk factors in artificial grass?

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2019 Mar 6;63:119-126. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Physiotherapy Department, School of Health, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Center for Rehabilitation Research (CIR) - Center of Studies of Human Movement and Activity, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 400, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Background: The cleats-surface interaction has been described as a possible risk factor for lateral ankle sprain. However, their interaction is still unknown in individuals with chronic ankle instability. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of different soccer cleats on kinematic, kinetic and neuromuscular ankle variables on artificial grass in soccer players with and without chronic ankle instability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
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Factors Affecting Return to Play After Primary Achilles Tendon Tear: A Cohort of NFL Players.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Mar 12;7(3):2325967119830139. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Background: Achilles tendon tears are potentially career-ending injuries for professional athletes. For players in the National Football League (NFL), return requires not only surgery and extensive rehabilitation but also the ability to compete in a market with limited positions that annually introduces new recruits.

Purpose/hypothesis: We authors sought to evaluate factors related to return to play (RTP) and changes in performance following a primary Achilles tear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119830139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415485PMC
March 2019
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Fractionated irradiation in photobiomodulation therapy of ankle sprain.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, Romania.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test whether fractionated irradiation in photobiomodulation therapy enhances short-term recovery in patients with moderate severity ankle sprain.

Design: Nineteen patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: one group receiving photobiomodulation therapy combined with the standard rest, icing, compression, elevation treatment or a group receiving only standard treatment. Group 1 patients were irradiated using a laser system (635 nm, 15 mW) according to a double-fractionated irradiation scheme consisting of two sessions (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001178DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Subgroup characteristics of patients with chronic ankle instability in primary care.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of General Practice, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To examine clinical and radiological characteristics of participants with an ankle sprain in general practice, classified into subgroups of a previously described chronic ankle instability (CAI) model.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: 206 participants, who visited their general practitioner with a lateral ankle sprain 6-12 months before inclusion, completed a questionnaire, physical examination, radiography and magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.02.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read