20,584 results match your criteria Ankle Sprain


Randomised controlled trial comparing immobilisation in above-knee plaster of Paris to controlled ankle motion boots in undisplaced paediatric spiral tibial fractures.

Emerg Med J 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Emergency, Perth Children's Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Management of common childhood spiral tibial fractures, known as toddler's fractures, has not significantly changed in recent times despite the availability of immobilisation devices known as controlled ankle motion (CAM) boots. We compared standard therapy with these devices on quality-of-life measures.

Methods: A prospective randomised controlled trial, comparing immobilisation with an above-knee plaster of Paris cast (AK-POP) with a CAM boot in children aged 1-5 years with proven or suspected toddler's fractures presenting to a tertiary paediatric ED in Perth, Western Australia, between March 2018 and February 2020. Read More

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Return to sport decisions after an acute lateral ankle sprain injury: introducing the PAASS framework-an international multidisciplinary consensus.

Br J Sports Med 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Despite being the most commonly incurred sports injury with a high recurrence rate, there are no guidelines to inform return to sport (RTS) decisions following acute lateral ankle sprain injuries. We aimed to develop a list of assessment items to address this gap.

Methods: We used a three-round Delphi survey approach to develop consensus of opinion among 155 globally diverse health professionals working in elite field or court sports. Read More

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Decision-making to stop or continue playing after football injuries - A systematic video analysis of 711 injury situations in amateur football.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 Jun 23:1-17. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Centre Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Scientific injury registration via video analysis is lacking in amateur football. The purpose of this study was to analyse match injury situations with a focus on the decisions made by players and referees after sustaining a football trauma. In a retrospective cohort study, traumatic injuries sustained in any of the 305 matches of the highest amateur level (4 league) in Germany in the 2015-16 season were assessed by means of video analysis and a standardised video protocol. Read More

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Prospective Epidemiological Study of Basketball Injuries During One Competitive Season in professional and amateur Spanish basketball.

Phys Sportsmed 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Salamanca.

There are few Spanish epidemiological studies of basketball injuries, even though it is the second most played sport and the leading sport played by females in Spain. We studied 117 male and female basketball players from ten amateur or professional teams from four leagues in the 2014-2015 season. There were 11. Read More

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Injuries in Japanese university handball: a study among 1017 players.

Res Sports Med 2021 Jun 20:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

The aim of this study was to examine the injury profile of Japanese university handball players. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1017 participants who played in the 2018 Japanese National University Handball Championship were followed. The incidence within the previous year was 0. Read More

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Strain patterns in normal anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments and after anatomical reconstruction using gracilis tendon grafts: A cadaver study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 18;22(1):558. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dalhousie University, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center Halifax Infirmary (Suite 4867), 1796 Summer Street, Halifax, NS, B3H3A7, Canada.

Background: Inversion ankle sprains, or lateral ankle sprains, often result in symptomatic lateral ankle instability, and some patients need lateral ankle ligament reconstruction to reduce pain, improve function, and prevent subsequent injuries. Although anatomically reconstructed ligaments should behave in a biomechanically normal manner, previous studies have not measured the strain patterns of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) after anatomical reconstruction. This study aimed to measure the strain patterns of normal and reconstructed ATFL and CFLs using the miniaturization ligament performance probe (MLPP) system. Read More

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Injuries in Irish male and female collegiate athletes.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Jun 9;51:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centre for Injury Prevention and Performance, Athletic Therapy and Training, School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Objective: To understand the incidence and burden of injury of student-athletes in four of the most popular collegiate sports.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Collegiate sport. Read More

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Reporting errors in plain radiographs for lower limb trauma-a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Skeletal Radiol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

London Northwest University Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

Introduction: Plain radiographs are a globally ubiquitous means of investigation for injuries to the musculoskeletal system. Despite this, initial interpretation remains a challenge and inaccuracies give rise to adverse sequelae for patients and healthcare providers alike. This study sought to address the limited, existing meta-analytic research on the initial reporting of radiographs for skeletal trauma, with specific regard to diagnostic accuracy of the most commonly injured region of the appendicular skeleton, the lower limb. Read More

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Fibular Rod Osteosynthesis in Ankle Fractures With Compromised Soft Tissue.

Foot Ankle Spec 2021 Jun 18:19386400211018075. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ostfold Hospital Trust, Graalum, Norway.

Background: Complications after plate and screw fixation of ankle fractures are frequently reported in the literature, with a higher rate in patients with advanced age, comorbidities, and poor skin conditions. A reduced complication rate has been reported with intramedullary nailing (IMN) of the fibula; however, the indication has been based on the surgeon's preferences. We report the results after IMN in patients with compromised soft tissue exclusively. Read More

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Conservative Treatment of the Fifth Metatarsal Bone Fractures in Professional Football Players Using Platelet-Rich Plasma.

Foot Ankle Spec 2021 Jun 18:19386400211017368. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russian Federation.

Injuries of the metatarsal bones in football are relatively rare and in most cases are localized in the fifth metatarsal. The gold standard of the diagnosis of fractures in this area can be X-rays, which in most cases allows verifying the diagnosis. The treatment tactics depend on the localization of the fracture according to Lawrence and Botte's classification: 3 zones of localization are distinguished. Read More

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[Clinical application of free peroneal artery perforator flap in soft tissue defect of foot and ankle].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;35(6):756-760

Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, 200233, P.R.China.

Objective: To investigate clinical application of the free peroneal artery perforator flap in soft tissue defect of foot and ankle.

Methods: The clinical data of 18 patients with soft tissue defects of foot and ankle who were repaired with free peroneal artery perforator flaps between March 2019 and March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, there were 11 males and 7 females; the age ranged from 21 to 58 years, with an average age of 45 years. Read More

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Reconstruction of Large Area of Deep Wound in the Foot and Ankle with Chimeric Anterolateral Thigh Perforator Flap.

Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Division of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Department of Orthopaedics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical application and surgical efficacy of the chimeric perforator flap pedicled with the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery and the lateral thigh muscle flap for the reconstruction of the large area of deep wound in foot and ankle.

Methods: Clinical data of 32 cases who underwent chimeric anterolateral thigh perforator flap to repair the large area of deep wound of the foot and ankle from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The sizes of the defects ranged from 18 cm × 10 cm to 35 cm × 20 cm, with exposed tendon and bone and/or partial defects and necrosis, contaminations, accompanied by different degrees of infection. Read More

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Whole Body PMHS Response in Injurious Experimental Accelerative Loading Events.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab, Laurel, MD, USA.

Previous studies involving whole-body post-mortem human surrogates (PHMS) have generated biomechanical response specifications for physically simulated accelerative loading intended to reproduce seat and floor velocity histories occurring in under-body blast (UBB) events (e.g.,. Read More

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Surgical Management of Chronic Tendoachilles Tear in Elderly Patients - A Case Series.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Feb;11(2):57-62

Department of Orthopaedics, Grant Government Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Chronic tendoachilles (TA) tears are commonly missed injuries in elderly population with associated comorbidities and they usually occur as low-energy injuries. Appropriate surgical management helps in getting a better functional outcome in elderly patients.

Case Series: We present a series of three cases of chronic TA tear in elderly patients managed surgically. Read More

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February 2021

Successful Salvage of a Mangled Injury of the Ankle in a Young Male.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Feb;11(2):11-14

Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: The salvage of a mangled limb is quite challenging, but can be rewarding especially for younger individuals.

Case Report: We present a case of mangled injury of the ankles in a young male, which was salvaged successfully, using Orthopaedic and Plastic Surgery procedures.

Conclusion: The GHSS is helpful for decision-making and to predict the ultimate outcome of the open injuries. Read More

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February 2021

Quick and simple test to evaluate severity of acute lateral ankle sprain.

Asia Pac J Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Technol 2021 Jul 30;25:30-34. Epub 2021 May 30.

Fujita Orthopedic & Sports Clinic, Japan.

Background/objective: For early return to sports after a lateral ankle sprain (LAS) and recurrence prevention, effective rehabilitation and gradual return to sports should be initiated while predicting the return time based on the appropriate severity evaluation immediately after injury. However, since severity evaluations performed in previous studies required large space and stairs and involved high-revel activity, their use as a test and index to evaluate severity after LAS was not appropriate considering convenience and risk of re-injury. Therefore, a quick and simple test was developed to evaluate the severity of acute LAS. Read More

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What Can We Learn From COVID-19 Protocols With Regard to Management of Nonoperative Pediatric Orthopaedic Injuries?

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield Children's Hospital, Sheffield, UK.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant changes to normal practice in pediatric outpatient orthopaedics, with the instigation of telephone fracture clinic appointments, and the use of self-removable casting. We aim to determine any beneficial or detrimental short-term effects of these changes.

Methods: All patients referred to fracture clinic from the emergency department during the period March 24, 2020 to May 10, 2020 (national lockdown) were assessed for number of face to face and telephone appointments, number of radiographs performed, time to discharge, use of a removable cast, any cast complications, other complications, reattendance or re-referral after discharge. Read More

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Nonossifying Fibroma of the Distal Tibia: Predictors of Fracture and Management Algorithm.

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Division of Orthopedic Surgery Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Nonossifying fibroma (NOF) is a common benign lesion in children and adolescents. This study investigated the risk of pathologic fracture in NOF lesions of the distal tibial based on anatomic location, clinical symptomatology, and imaging features, in order to propose an algorithm for the management of such lesions.

Methods: In an IRB-approved retrospective case-control study, all patients diagnosed with NOF between 2010 and 2017 were extracted from our database. Read More

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Parametric analysis of landing injury : The effect of landing posture and joint displacement.

Phys Eng Sci Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, 1417466191, Tehran, Iran.

During landing, the lower limb joints work concertedly to reduce landing forces. Changing the biomechanics of one joint can alter landing strategies in other joints thus affecting the probability of injury. Therefore, understanding the mutual effects between the joints is crucial for the prevention of lower extremity injuries. Read More

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Patient-Reported Outcome Following Operative and Conservative Treatment of Calcaneal Fractures: A Retrospective Analysis of 79 Patients at Short- to Midterm Follow-Up.

Front Surg 2021 28;8:620964. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Fractures of the calcaneus are severe injuries of the hindfoot, mostly resulting from high-energy axial loads, which still present enormous challenges to modern trauma surgery. Possible variables influencing the outcome are the type of fracture, age, and quality of fracture reduction. These might also be factors affecting the self-reported patient outcome, but large studies are still lacking. Read More

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The Effects of Whole Body Vibration on the Limits of Stability in Adults With Subacute Ankle Injury.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Jun 1;16(3):749-755. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

KORT Physical Therapy, Glasgow, KY, USA.

Background: Limited research exists on the effects of both high and low frequency whole body vibration (WBV) on individuals with subacute lateral ankle sprains.

Hypothesis/purpose: To examine the difference in the effects of high and low frequency WBV on limits of stability (LOS) in adults with a subacute ankle sprain. It was hypothesized that WBV would improve effects on outcome variables for LOS as a component of dynamic balance. Read More

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Lumbopelvic Stability and Trunk Muscle Contractility of Individuals with Chronic Ankle Instability.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Jun 2;16(3):741-748. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Old Dominion University.

Background: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) results in hip neuromuscular impairments that can perpetuate dysfunction through reduced lumbopelvic stability and subsequent malpositioning of the lower body during functional movement. Lumbopelvic stability might be further impaired through changes in trunk muscular contractility. However, lumbopelvic stability and trunk muscle morphology have not been compared between individuals with and without CAI. Read More

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Kinematic Characteristics of Male Runners With a History of Recurrent Calf Muscle Strain Injury.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Jun 1;16(3):732-740. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

University of Salford.

Background: Calf muscle strain injuries are a common running injury affecting male runners and are known to have high reoccurrence rates. Currently, limited evidence exists investigating factors associated with this injury with no previous study investigating the running kinematics of male runners with a history of repeat calf muscle strain injuries.

Purpose: To investigate whether male runners with a history of repeat calf muscle strain injury demonstrate differences in stance phase running kinematics when compared to healthy controls. Read More

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Female Adolescent Soccer Players Utilize Different Neuromuscular Strategies Between Limbs During the Propulsion Phase of a Lateral Vertical Jump.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Jun 2;16(3):695-703. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Northwestern University.

Background: Multiplanar dynamic stability is an important unilateral function in soccer performance but has been scarcely examined in female soccer players. The lateral vertical jump task assesses unilateral functional performance, and energy generation contribution examines how each joint (hip, knee, ankle) contributes to the vertical component of the vertical jump phase to measure inter- and intra-limb differences.

Purpose: To examine dominant versus non-dominant limb performance using energy generation contribution of the hip, knee, and ankle during the vertical jump component of the lateral vertical jump. Read More

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Combined Effects of Strengthening and Proprioceptive Training on Stability, Balance, and Proprioception Among Subjects with Chronic Ankle Instability in Different Age Groups: Evaluation of Clinical Outcome Measures.

Indian J Orthop 2021 May 15;55(Suppl 1):199-208. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

C/3/139, Department of Medical Rehabilitation (Physical Therapy), College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Guraiger Campus, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Lateral ankle sprains are among the common injuries in the physically active population in different age groups and progress to chronic ankle instability (CAI). Accordingly, the current study assesses the effectiveness of strengthening and proprioceptive training programs on proprioception and balance in those suffering from CAI.

Design: Quasi-experimental design. Read More

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Runners with a history of injury have greater lower limb movement regularity than runners without a history of injury.

Sports Biomech 2021 Jun 14:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Physical Education, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate Program of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

This study aimed to investigate the regularity of the lower limb joint kinematics in runners with and without a history of running-related injuries. The second aim was to verify if the movement pattern regularities are different among the lower limb joints. Eighteen asymptomatic recreational runners with and without a history of running-related injury participated in this study. Read More

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Treatment options for soft tissue defects in severe foot trauma in children.

J Wound Care 2021 Jun;30(6):432-438

Department of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Amiens University Hospital and Jules Verne University of Picardie, Amiens, France.

Objective: Severe foot trauma in children is a therapeutic challenge, with presence of devitalised and soiled distal tissues. Several reconstruction and covering procedures can be applied, including artificial dermis (AD), negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), fasciocutaneous flaps and free flaps. Here, we have developed and evaluated an algorithm for treating severe foot injuries with skin defects in children. Read More

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Influence of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot in adult women in ankle isokinetic performance: a cross-sectional study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2021 Jun 12;14(1):43. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Laboratory of Biomechanics and Clinical Epidemiology, PAIFIT Research Group, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Av. Robert Koch, 60, 86038-440, Londrina, PR, Brazil.

Background: Maintenance of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) of the foot is fundamental during functional tasks and disorders can lead to clinical alterations. Studies have demonstrated that deficits in ankle isokinetic performance can predispose an individual to lower limb injuries.

Objectives: To evaluate the muscular performance of cavus, planus, and normal feet by means of torque/body mass and the isokinetic phases, to generate 3D surface map analysis, and to verify whether there is a relationship between MLA height and arch height flexibility with isokinetic performance. Read More

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Measuring recovery after open lower limb fractures: combined objective functional tests and global perceived recovery outperform narrower metrics and a standard generic patient reported outcome measure.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 12;22(1):539. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Wales Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, UK.

Background: Open lower limb fractures are serious injuries requiring combined ortho-plastic surgery and have significantly worse outcomes than similar closed fractures. There is little objective published data to determine which functional outcome measures best reflect progress or completeness of physical recovery. Our hypothesis was that objective measures combining strength, mobility and balance would better reflect recovery than isolated parameters (e. Read More

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Severe Calcaneus Injury Probability Curves Due to Under-Body Blast.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD, 20723, USA.

The lower extremity is the most frequently injured body region to mounted soldiers during underbody blast (UBB) events. UBB events often produce large deformations of the floor and subsequent acceleration of the lower limb that are not sufficiently mitigated by the combat boot, leaving the calcaneus bone vulnerable to injury. Biomechanical experiments simulating UBB loading scenarios were conducted in a laboratory environment using isolated postmortem human subject (PMHS) leg components. Read More

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