13,627 results match your criteria Ankle Fracture


Geographic variation in the frequency and potency of postoperative opioid prescriptions for extremity fracture surgery. A retrospective cohort study.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2022 Jul 16;30:101921. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

MaineGeneral Orthopedics, Augusta, ME, USA.

Introduction: There is increasing evidence that the prescription opioid crisis is spreading internationally. However, there is scarce literature comparing contemporary prescribing practices between units in different countries, particularly in the context of this evolving international problem. We sought to determine the patterns of postoperative opioid prescribing in three hospitals from geographically distinct regions. Read More

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Trends in Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Publications.

Foot Ankle Orthop 2022 Apr 20;7(2):24730114221108107. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Background: Scientific publication and original articles remain the primary method of sharing scientific findings and advancing the knowledge base of that subject. Despite the value of these publications, little research has surveyed what topics are being published. This study aims to identify and characterize the most common topics in current foot and ankle literature. Read More

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Effects of Hyaluronic Acid With Intra-articular Corticosteroid Injections in the Management of Subtalar Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis - Randomized Comparative Trial.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital Santa Helena, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Electronic address:

We investigated the potential of exogenous hyaluronic acid (HA) associated with corticosteroid injections to improve pain and function for the treatment of post-traumatic subtalar osteoarthritis, in comparison with isolated intra-articular corticosteroid. Twenty-five symptomatic participants (50 ± 8 years) with a minimum follow-up of 1 year after surgery for calcaneus fractures were enrolled. Participants were randomly assigned into a therapeutic group that underwent isolated corticosteroid intra-articular subtalar injection (Corticosteroid Group, n = 12) or a combination of HA plus corticosteroid (HA+C Group, n = 13). Read More

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A Novel Approach Combined with MIPO Technique for the Treatment of Type C Pilon Fractures.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 14;2022:7427255. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Orthopedics, Chongqing University Three Gorges Hospital, Chongqing 404000, China.

Objective: Type C fracture is a complete intra-articular fracture, and the mainstay of treatment remains open reduction and internal fixation. The purpose of the study is to observe the clinical effect of an anterior ankle C approach (ankle-C) combined with minimal invasive plate osteosystems (MIPO) for tibial pilon fractures (AO/OTA 43C, combined with fibula fractures).

Methods: A retrospective comparative analysis was performed on the clinical data of 33 patients with C-type pilon fractures (combined fibula fractures) admitted to our department from July 2018 to July 2021, including 12 cases treated with ankle-C (a-C) approach and 21 cases with conventional approach (including combined approach). Read More

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Treatment of Knee Osteochondral Fractures.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Morphological Sciences, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, RO-020021 Bucharest, Romania.

Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) that are frequently encountered in skeletally immature and adult patients are more common than once thought, and their incidence rate is rising. These lesions can appear in many synovial joints of the body, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, and ankle, occurring most often in the knee. The term osteochondral lesion includes a vast spectrum of pathologies such as osteochondritis dissecans, osteochondral defects, osteochondral fractures, and osteonecrosis of the subchondral bone. Read More

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Deformation of the Titanium Plate Stabilizing the Lateral Ankle Fracture Due to Its Overloading in Case of the Young, Obese Patient: Case Report Including the Biomechanical Analysis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Medical University, 4 Lindleya Street, 02-005 Warsaw, Poland.

The number of overweight and obese patients in developed countries is gradually increasing. It was reported that 1287 (64%) out of 2007 adults operated on in 2017 had a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m, and 26.4% even greater than 30, while the BMI of the most obese patient was as high as 57. Read More

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Efficacy of Infection Eradication in Antibiotic Cement-Coated Intramedullary Nails for Fracture-Related Infections, Nonunions, and Fusions.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 May 25;11(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA.

Antibiotic cement-coated intramedullary nails (ACCINs) are increasing in popularity as a viable solution for the treatment of fracture-related infections (FRIs), infected long bone nonunions, and arthrodeses without an external fixator. ACCINs effectively manage to fulfill three of the basic principles for eradicating osteomyelitis: dead space management, antibiotic delivery, and bone stability. We performed a retrospective review of 111 patients who were treated with ACCINs between January 2014 and December 2020. Read More

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Outcomes of the Treatment of Fracture Non-union Using Combined Magnetic Field Bone Growth Stimulation: Experiences From a UK Trauma Unit.

Cureus 2022 May 18;14(5):e25100. Epub 2022 May 18.

Trauma and Orthopaedics, William Harvey Hospital, Ashford, GBR.

Introduction: Fracture non-union is a distressing diagnosis for both patients and clinicians. Several methods have been tried to help promote bone healing. Some of the non-operative strategies include the use of pulsed ultrasound and electrical or magnetic bone stimulators. Read More

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Use of Ilizarov Device to Gain Early Range of Motion in the Treatment of Pediatric Talus Body Fractures: A Series of Four Cases and Literature Review.

Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Talus fractures are rare in children but can lead to severe outcomes if untreated. The Ilizarov external fixator has been used in the treatment of a variety of lower extremity pathologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of talus body fractures treated with the Ilizarov external fixator. Read More

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Biomechanical Analysis of Tibiofibular Syndesmosis Injury Fixation Methods: A Finite Element Analysis.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey.

The optimal treatment strategy after syndesmotic injuries is still controversial. In our study, we aimed to evaluate ideal fixation method in syndesmotic injury by using finite element analysis method. A 3D SolidWorks model file was created by taking computed tomography (CT) images of the area from the right foot base to the knee joint level of a healthy adult male. Read More

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Isolated tear of the tibionavicular component of the superficial deltoid ligament: unusual cause of medial ankle pain.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 06 22;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

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Assessing technical skill in ankle fracture surgery from the postoperative radiograph : pilot development and validation of a final product analysis core outcome set.

Bone Jt Open 2022 Jun;3(6):502-509

Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK.

Aims: To identify a core outcome set of postoperative radiographic measurements to assess technical skill in ankle fracture open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), and to validate these against Van der Vleuten's criteria for effective assessment.

Methods: An e-Delphi exercise was undertaken at a major trauma centre (n = 39) to identify relevant parameters. Feasibility was tested by two authors. Read More

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Effects of badminton insole design on stress distribution, displacement and bone rotation of ankle joint during single-leg landing: a finite element analysis.

Sports Biomech 2022 Jun 20:1-22. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Bioinspired Devices and Tissue Engineering (BIOINSPIRA) Research Group, School of Biomedical Engineering and Health Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Previous research has reported that up to 92% of injuries amongst badminton players consist of lower limb, whereby 35% of foot fractures occurred at the metatarsal bone. In sports, insoles are widely used to increase athletes' performance and prevent many injuries. However, there is still a lack of badminton insole analysis and improvements. Read More

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Epidemiology of Pediatric Gymnastics Injuries Reported in US Emergency Departments: Sex- and Age-Based Injury Patterns.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Jun 13;10(6):23259671221102478. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Background: Despite increasing participation rates in youth gymnastics, the majority of epidemiologic literature focuses on older elite athletes or stratifies athletes by level of competition.

Hypothesis: The authors hypothesized that sex- and age-based patterns in youth gymnastics-related injuries exist, which are otherwise overlooked in an unstratified population.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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The Anatomy and Function of the Individual Bands of the Deltoid Ligament-and Implications for Stability Assessment of SER Ankle Fractures.

Foot Ankle Orthop 2022 Apr 14;7(2):24730114221104078. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Østfold Hospital Trust, Grålum, Norway.

Background: Deltoid ligament injury occurs often with supination-external rotation (SER) ankle trauma. SER fibula fractures with concomitant deltoid ligament injury are considered unstable-requiring operative fixation. Recent studies have questioned this general practice with emphasis on better defining the medial side ankle ligamentous injury. Read More

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Does Sectioning and Then Repairing of the Calcaneofibular Ligament at Subtalar Approach Lead to Residual Lateral Ankle Instability?

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2022 Apr;10(4):347-352

Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background: The calcaneofibular ligament is cut to increase vision in surgical field in minimally invasive surgery of displaced intraarticular calcaneus fractures with subtalar incision. We aimed to investigate whether this causes talar tilt instability in ankle stress radiographs due to the calcaneofibular ligament deficiency in postoperative period.

Methods: The files of 38 patients who were operated with the diagnosis of displaced calcaneus fracture between 2013 and 2018 were examined retrospectively. Read More

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Ankle fractures: a systematic review of patient-reported outcome measures and their measurement properties.

Qual Life Res 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital, Helse Stavanger HF, Stavanger, Norway.

Purpose: Ankle fractures are commonly occurring fractures, especially in the aging population, where they often present as fragility fractures. The disease burden and economic costs to the patient and society are considerable. Choosing accurate outcome measures for the evaluation of the management of ankle fractures in clinical trials facilitates better decision-making. Read More

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Perioperative Protocol of Ankle Fracture and Distal Radius Fracture Based on Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Program: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Controlled study.

Pain Res Manag 2022 7;2022:3458056. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is aimed to shorten patients' recovery process and improve clinical outcomes. This study aimed to compare the outcomes between the ERAS program and the traditional pathway among patients with ankle fracture and distal radius fracture.

Methods: This is a multicenter prospective clinical controlled study consisting of 323 consecutive adults with ankle fracture from 12 centers and 323 consecutive adults with distal radial fracture from 13 centers scheduled for open reduction and internal fixation between January 2017 and December 2018. Read More

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Association Between Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) Items and the Incidence Rate of Lower Extremity Stress Fracture.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Jun 9;10(6):23259671221100790. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Background: Lower extremity stress fracture injuries are a major cause of morbidity in physically active populations. The ability to screen for modifiable risk factors associated with injury is critical in developing injury-prevention programs.

Purpose: To determine if baseline Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores are associated with the incidence rate of lower extremity stress fracture. Read More

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Assessment of Bone Mineral Density in the Distal Tibia Using Quantitative Hounsfield Samples From Computer Tomography.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Director, Foot and Ankle Surgical Residency Program, Regions Hospital, HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, St. Paul, MN.

The distal tibia bone quality is of paramount importance for ankle fractures, total ankle implants, ankle fusions, and osteotomy procedures. Despite this fact relatively little is known regarding the overall bone quality for this section of the tibia. Previous literature suggest that there is a statistically significant decrease in bone mineral density within the distal 5% to 10% segment of the tibia medullary canal. Read More

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Arthroscopic-assisted reduction plus internal fixation and traditional open reduction plus internal fixation for talus fractures: a comparative study.

Am J Transl Res 2022 15;14(5):3261-3268. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Hand and Foot Micro Orthopedics, The Second People's Hospital of Dongying City Dongying 257335, Shandong, China.

Objective: To explore the efficacy of arthroscopic-assisted reduction and internal fixation (ARIF) and traditional open reduction and internal fixation in the treatment of talus fractures.

Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 92 patients with talus fractures admitted to our hospital. The patients were divided into a control group (treated with traditional open reduction and internal fixation) and a research group (with ARIF) with 46 cases in each. Read More

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Should Diastatic Syndesmosis be Stabilized in Advanced Pronation-External Rotation Ankle Injuries? A Retrospective Cohort Comparison.

Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan, China.

Objective: With or without screw stabilization for diastatic syndesmosis in advanced pronation-external rotation (PE) ankle injuries has not yet been well-determined. Both techniques were retrospectively compared to investigate the superiority of either of the two.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Read More

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Detecting bone lesions in the emergency room with medical infrared thermography.

Biomed Eng Online 2022 Jun 13;21(1):35. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

CPGEI - Universidade Tecnológica Federal Do Paraná, Avenida Silva Jardim, 3165, Rebouças, Zip code 80230-901, Curitiba, Brasil.

Introduction: Low- to high-energy impact trauma may cause from small fissures up to extended bone losses, which can be classified as closed or opened injuries (when they are visible at a naked eye).

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of clinical diagnosis of bone trauma through medical infrared thermography, in a hospital emergency room.

Methods: Forty-five patients with suspected diagnosis of bone fracture were evaluated by means of medical infrared images, and the data correlated with the gold standard radiographic images, in the anteroposterior, lateral, and oblique views, at the orthopedic emergency department. Read More

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Comparison of Risk Factors and Postoperative Outcomes in Syndesmosis Injuries with Various Ankle Fracture Types.

J Long Term Eff Med Implants 2022 ;32(2):35-43

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center/University Hospital Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York 11203; New York City Health and Hospitals/Kings County, Brooklyn, New York 11203.

There is a lack of understanding of risk factors and postoperative outcomes of syndesmotic injuries with singular versus multipart fractures. A retrospective analysis was done between 2008 and 2016, utilizing the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Improvement Program database. Patients with open reduction and internal fixation of isolated lateral malleolus fractures, bimalleolar fractures, or trimalleolar fractures were identified. Read More

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Sleep Apnea and Postoperative Medical Complications and Health Care Expenditures Following Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Bimalleolar Ankle Fractures.

Foot Ankle Spec 2022 Jun 13:19386400221098629. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

Introduction: Sleep Apnea (SA) is a common sleep disorder that increases postoperative morbidity. There is limited research on how SA influences outcomes following operative fixation of ankle fractures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether patients who undergo surgical fixation for bimalleolar ankle fractures have higher rates of medical complications and health care expenditures. Read More

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Ultrasound findings of the deltoid ligament in patients with acute ankle sprains: A retrospective review.

J Orthop Sci 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Sports Medicine & Joint Center, Funabashi Orthopaedic Hospital, 1-833, Hasama-cho, Funabashi, Chiba Prefecture 2740822, Japan.

Background: The deltoid ligament is a complex structure composed of multiple ligaments located on the medial side of the ankle joint that can be injured by ankle sprains. Although there have been previous reports on ultrasound imaging of the injured deltoid ligament, a systematic method for depicting each ligament component has not been established. This study aimed to clarify the ultrasound findings of the deltoid ligament in ankle sprains using a systematic scanning protocol. Read More

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An evaluation of the efficacy of percutaneous reduction and screw fixation without bone grafting in Sanders Type-II and Type-III displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 10;23(1):562. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 1 Youyi Rd, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: The aim of this retrospective monocentric study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous reduction and screw fixation without bone grafting in Sanders Type-II and Type-III displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs).

Methods: The medical records of calcaneal fractures patients who were admitted to our department from January 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed, and those meeting the inclusion criteria were fnally included for analysis. All patients were treated with percutaneous reduction and screw fixation, and no patients received bone grafting. Read More

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Open Reduction and Internal Screw Fixation of Transitional Ankle Fractures in Adolescents.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2021 Oct-Dec;11(4). Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

A triplane fracture is an example of a transitional fracture of adolescence that occurs because the distal tibial physis closes in a predictably asymmetric way from central to medial and then lateral. The triplane fracture is so named because the fracture lines propagate in 3 planes (axial, sagittal, and coronal) and thus appear on radiographs as a Salter-Harris III pattern on anteroposterior images and Salter-Harris II or IV on lateral images. The fracture occurs via a twisting mechanism (usually supination and external rotation) through the relatively weak open portion of the physis (axial) and propagates out the metaphysis (coronal) and/or epiphysis (sagittal) at the transition to the relatively stronger closed portion of the physis. Read More

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December 2021

What is the best way for an inexperienced surgeon to learn total ankle arthroplasty?

J Orthop Sci 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Previous reports on the learning curve of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) revealed that inexperienced surgeons should be more careful about operative indications and procedures during the learning curve period. Patients who underwent surgery with inexperienced surgeons may be associated with inferior clinical outcomes, such as frequent complications. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the participation of experienced surgeons as assistants on the results of TAA performed by inexperienced surgeons. Read More

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