2,242 results match your criteria Ankle Arthroscopy


Intra-articular fibrous bands at the tibiotalar joint: diagnosis and outcomes of arthroscopic removal in 4 ankles.

J Exp Orthop 2021 Jun 23;8(1):42. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Clinique Trénel, 575 Rue Trénel, 69560, Sainte-Colombe, France.

The authors retrieved the records of 4 patients that exhibited unusual structural anomalies or pathologies, notably the presence of a fibrous band at the anterior aspect of the tibiotalar joint, observed during arthroscopic exploration or treatment between January and December 2019. Only 1 patient had surgical antecedents on the ipsilateral ankle (extra-articular tenodesis 10 years earlier). The remaining 3 patients had no surgical antecedents on the ipsilateral ankle. Read More

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Effects of High Tibial Osteotomy Combined with Arthroscopy on Pain and Inflammation Markers in Patients with Medial Knee Osteoarthritis.

J Invest Surg 2021 Jun 22:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, Hubei, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) combined with arthroscopy on pain and serum inflammatory factors in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: A total of 82 patients with medial knee osteoarthritis were admitted to our hospital. They were randomly divided into HTO-arthroscopy (HTO-A, treated with HTO combined with arthroscopy) group or HTO group (treated with HTO). Read More

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Patient-specific high tibial osteotomy for varus malalignment: 3D-printed plating technique and review of the literature.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Hip Preservation, Orthopaedic and Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Purpose: We report our experience with a 3D patient-specific instrument (PSI) in an opening-wedge tibial osteotomy for the correction of varus malalignment in a patient with prior anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Previous studies have not reported the use of 3D PSI in patients with prior knee surgeries.

Methods: A pre-operative CT was used to create a 3D model of the lower extremity using Bodycad Imager. Read More

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Diagnosis and Arthroscopic Treatment of Synovial Chondromatosis of Glenohumeral Joint: A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 ;11(1):59-62

Department of Orthopaedic, Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Synovial chondromatosis is a rare benign entity with the presence of cartilaginous or osseous loose bodies in the synovium. It commonly involves the larger joints such as the knee, hip, ankle and rarely the shoulder joint manifesting with pain, swelling, and restriction of movements. The treatment of choice is surgical intervention in symptomatic patients using either the open or the arthroscopic approach. Read More

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January 2021

The Effect of Supramalleolar Osteotomy without Marrow Stimulation for Medial Ankle Osteoarthritis: Second-Look Arthroscopic Evaluation of 29 Ankles.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The effect of supramalleolar osteotomy without a bone marrow-stimulating procedure for articular cartilage regeneration in the ankle joint remains unknown. We investigated whether supramalleolar osteotomy yielded favorable clinical and radiographic outcomes. We also evaluated the joint tissue appearance after supramalleolar osteotomy without a bone marrow-stimulating procedure with use of second-look arthroscopy and its correlation with the outcome. Read More

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Variable patterns of the cutaneous innervation of the dorsum of the foot and its clinical implication.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Jun 27;66:102404. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, 576104, India.

Background: The superficial sensory nerves are at great risk for injury from lacerations and operative incisions. Precise knowledge regarding the course and distribution of sensory nerves over the dorsum of foot is important to avoid iatrogenic damage by surgeons who are planning the surgical intervention around the distal leg, ankle and foot. The objective of the study is to report the variation in the branching pattern and distribution of the cutaneous nerves over the dorsum of foot. Read More

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Osteochondral lesions of the talar dome: an up-to-date approach to multimodality imaging and surgical techniques.

Skeletal Radiol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Fleury Medicina E Saúde Higienópolis, Rua Mato Grosso 306, 1st Floor, Higienópolis, São Paulo, 01239-040, Brazil.

Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talar dome consist of a multifactorial pathology of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone and can result in persistent ankle pain and osteoarthritis (OA). Along with a physical examination and clinical history, an imaging evaluation plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of these lesions and is fundamental for making treatment decisions and determining prognosis by providing information regarding the size, location, and cartilage and subchondral bone statuses as well as associated lesions and degenerative changes. Multiple surgical techniques for OCLs of the talar dome have been developed in recent decades, including cartilage repair, regeneration, and replacement strategies, and radiologists should be acquainted with their specific expected and abnormal postoperative imaging findings to better monitor the results and predict poor outcomes. Read More

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Long-term Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Following Particulated Juvenile Allograft Cartilage Implantation for Treatment of Difficult Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus[Formula: see text].

Foot Ankle Int 2021 Jun 11:10711007211014173. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Miami Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Institute, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

Background: Conventional methods are not suitable for difficult to treat osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLTs). The role of particulated juvenile allograft articular cartilage implantation is not well elucidated for long-term patient outcomes.

Methods: Thirteen patients with difficult-to-treat OCLTs underwent arthroscopy-assisted implantation of particulated juvenile articular cartilage graft into defects from 2010 to 2012 by the same surgeon. Read More

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Osteochondritis Dissecans: Current Understanding of Epidemiology, Etiology, Management, and Outcomes.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Jun;103(12):1132-1151

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

: Osteochondritis dissecans occurs most frequently in the active pediatric and young adult populations, commonly affecting the knee, elbow, or ankle, and may lead to premature osteoarthritis.

: While generally considered an idiopathic phenomenon, various etiopathogenetic theories are being investigated, including local ischemia, aberrant endochondral ossification of the secondary subarticular physis, repetitive microtrauma, and genetic predisposition.

: Diagnosis is based on the history, physical examination, radiography, and advanced imaging, with elbow ultrasonography and novel magnetic resonance imaging protocols potentially enabling early detection and in-depth staging. Read More

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Cadaveric Analysis of Exposure of the Talar Articular Surface Through the Posteromedial Approach.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Director, FASCO Reconstructive Foot & Ankle Surgery Fellowship, Columbus, OH; Member, Ohio Innovation Group, Columbus, OH; Vice-Chairman, Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Grant Medical Center, Columbus, OH.

The purpose of this cadaveric study is to assess the talar articular surface visible through a modified posterior medial approach to the ankle joint for talar osteochondral defects. Ten fresh frozen cadaveric specimens were included. The talar surface area was outlined utilizing a marker. Read More

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Arthroscopic Treatment Results of Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Tears in Adolescents: A Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2021 May 27;10(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Foot and Ankle Surgery, Orthopaedic Hospital Speising, Speisingertrasse 109, A-1130 Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: Injury to the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) may cause chronic wrist pain and instability if left untreated. The current literature of adult cases suggests that arthroscopic treatment offers favorable outcomes and is associated with a low complication rate. This systematic review evaluated the outcomes of arthroscopic TFCC surgery in adolescents. Read More

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Open Versus Endoscopic Surgical Treatment of Posterior Ankle Impingement: A Meta-analysis.

Am J Sports Med 2021 May 28:3635465211004977. Epub 2021 May 28.

FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence Ripoll-dePrado-vanDijk SportClinic Madrid, Spain.

Background: Surgical treatment of symptomatic posterior ankle impingement consists of resection of the bony impediment and/or debridement of soft tissue. Historically, open techniques were used to perform surgery with good results. However, since the introduction of endoscopic techniques, advantages attributed to these techniques are shorter recovery time, fewer complications, and less pain. Read More

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Anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm.

Authors:
N Nair M Suhania

Med J Malaysia 2021 May;76(3):429-431

Hospital Teluk Intan, Department of Radiology, Perak, Malaysia.

A pseudoaneurysm, or false aneurysm, is a haematoma that is formed secondary to a leaking hole in an artery. This haematoma is contained by surrounding fascia. In contrast, a true aneurysm contains all three layers of vessel wall, namely intima. Read More

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[Anterior ankle impingement: follow-up in 52 cases].

Acta Ortop Mex 2020 Nov-Dec;34(6):382-387

División Ortopedia Hospital General «Dr. Manuel Gea González». México.

Introduction: The anterior ankle impingement is a common pathology. It is mostly seen in athletes. Pain in the anterior portion of the ankle and limitation in the ankle's dorsiflexion are the most common symptoms. Read More

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Insufficient evidence to support peroneus longus tendon over other autografts for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review.

J ISAKOS 2021 May 23;6(3):161-169. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Sports Medicine Orthopaedics, TheMIS Orthopaedic Center, Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Greece.

Importance: Graft choice for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) remains a subject of interest among orthopaedic surgeons because no ideal graft has yet been found. Peroneus longus tendon (PLT) has emerged as an alternative autograft for reconstruction in kneeling populations and in simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries.

Objective: To evaluate the current evidence on the outcome of primary ACLR with PLT autograft in adults and donor ankle morbidity, in addition to determining the average PLT graft dimensions from published studies. Read More

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Arthroscopic Assessment and Treatment of Medial Collateral Ligament Complex.

Foot Ankle Clin 2021 Jun 17;26(2):305-313. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Casa di Cura Villa Montallegro, Via Monte Zovetto 27, Genoa 16145, Italy; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery "Gruppo Policlinico di Monza", Clinica Salus, Alessandria, Italy; Human Anatomy and Embryology Unit, Department of Morphological Sciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

An increased interest in ankle instability has led to description of new concepts such as ankle microinstability or rotational ankle instability and the development of new arthroscopic techniques treating ankle instability. Ankle instability is constantly associated to intraarticular pathologies that contribute to generate pain and dysfunction. Arthroscopy plays an important role in identifying and treating all intraarticular abnormalities including ligament injuries. Read More

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Great Toe Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthroscopy: Simple Technique for Painful Nonunion.

Arthrosc Tech 2021 Apr 12;10(4):e1067-e1071. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.

Great toe metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) arthroscopy was first described as a viable technique for a multitude of first MTPJ pathologies in the early 1970s; however, with improving arthroscopic technique and technology, these indications will continue to expand. Arthroscopy of the first MTPJ has increasingly become a new pursuit for foot and ankle specialists. Therefore, we have proposed a simple technique and illustration from our operating room setup to traction and to our procedural technique to make great toe arthroscopy simple and reproducible for arthroscopic foot and ankle surgeons. Read More

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Arthroscopic Subtalar Arthrodesis as a Treatment Strategy for Subtalar Arthritis-A Systematic Review.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis is a relatively new technique which is increasingly being used by foot and ankle surgeons as an alternative to open surgery. However, there is still a lack of consensus with respect to the efficacy of the procedure. The purpose of this review was to ascertain (1) whether arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis improves the functional outcome of treated patients and (2) how do the 2 techniques of subtalar arthroscopy (posterior and lateral) compare with each other. Read More

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Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability in Highly Active Patients: A Treatment Algorithm Based on the Arthroscopic Assessment of the Calcaneofibular Ligament.

Cureus 2021 Apr 5;13(4):e14310. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Orthopaedics and Trauma Department, Ministry of Defence Hospital Unit (MDHU) Northallerton, Northallerton, GBR.

Background Ankle sprains are common injuries that may recur as chronic conditions. We aim to describe a treatment algorithm for chronic lateral ankle instability based on the arthroscopic findings of the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL). Methods We assessed 67 highly active patients with chronic lateral ankle instability. Read More

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Causes of delayed diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Foot (Edinb) 2021 Jun 7;47:101799. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin St, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize various causes of delay in the diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) in pediatric patients.

Methods: IRB approved prospective study of patients under 18 years who underwent arthroscopic surgery for the diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement after failed conservative treatment at a tertiary children's hospital. Radiographic findings were compared with an age-matched control group. Read More

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Unstable Lateral Hinge Fracture or Occult Complete Osteotomy Adversely Affects Correction Accuracy in Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy.

Arthroscopy 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To verify whether lateral hinge fracture (LHF) affects correction accuracy in open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and to identify the fracture characteristics responsible for inaccurate correction, including LHF type and hinge location.

Methods: Patients undergoing OWHTO with locking plate fixation between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who did not have a minimum 2-year of follow-up or postoperative long-standing hip-to-ankle radiographs were excluded. Read More

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Role of Arthroscopy in Various Ankle Disorders.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Apr 12;55(2):333-341. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Ortho One Orthopaedic Speciality Centre, 657, Trichy Road, Singanallur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu India.

Introduction: Ankle arthroscopy has come a long way since it was thought, it is not feasible because of tight joint and anatomical characteristics of ankle joint. The same anatomical features like capsular attachment and safe accessory portals are used to access the whole joint even with a rigid arthroscope. Ankle distraction method was routinely used to access the anterior ankle. Read More

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Do Coronal or Sagittal Plane Measurements Have the Highest Accuracy to Arthroscopically Diagnose Syndesmotic Instability?

Foot Ankle Int 2021 Jun 23;42(6):805-809. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Foot & Ankle Research and Innovation Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: To compare the accuracy of arthroscopic sagittal versus coronal plane distal tibiofibular motion toward diagnosing syndesmotic instability.

Methods: Arthroscopic assessment of the syndesmosis was performed on 21 above-knee cadaveric specimens, first with all ligaments intact and subsequently with sequential transection of the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament, the interosseous ligament, the posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament, and the deltoid ligament. A lateral hook test, an anterior-to-posterior (AP) translation test, and a posterior-to-anterior (PA) translation test were performed under 100 N of applied force. Read More

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Arthroscopic characterization of syndesmotic instability in the coronal plane: Exactly what measurement matters?

Injury 2021 Jul 9;52(7):1964-1970. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Foot and Ankle Research and Innovation Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Foot and Ankle Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Although ankle arthroscopy is increasingly used to diagnose syndesmotic instability, precisely where in the incisura one should measure potential changes in tibiofibular space or how much tibiofibular space is indicative of instability, however, remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine where within the incisura one should assess coronal plane syndesmotic instability and what degree of tibiofibular space correlates with instability in purely ligamentous syndesmotic injuries under condition of lateral hook stress test (LHT) assessment.

Methods: Ankle arthroscopy was performed on 22 cadaveric specimens, first with intact ankle ligaments and then after sequential sectioning of the syndesmotic and deltoid ligaments. Read More

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Pain Is the Primary Factor Associated With Satisfaction With Symptoms for New Patients Presenting to the Orthopedic Clinic.

Arthroscopy 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, West Bloomfield, Michigan, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to (1) determine the percentage of new orthopedic patients reporting their symptoms to be acceptable at presentation, as measured by the Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) question, and (2) evaluate whether patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), including Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function (PF) or Upper Extremity, Pain Interference (PI), and Depression (D), or sociodemographic factors are associated with acceptable symptoms at presentation.

Methods: Between February 7, 2020, and March 16, 2020, new orthopedic patients who completed PROMs were identified. Patient records were reviewed for those who also completed the PASS question, a yes/no question about whether a patient's current symptom state is satisfactory. Read More

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Painful legs and moving toes.

Pract Neurol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Neurology, Universidade da Região de Joinville, Joinville, Brazil.

A 40-year-old woman reported involuntary and irregular movements of her left toes accompanied by pain. This arose following arthroscopy after a sprained left ankle. She had involuntary flexion-extension and abduction and adduction movements of the hallux and the other toes, with reduced pinprick sensation on the skin web between the left hallux and the second toe. Read More

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Ankle Arthroscopy: Correct Portals and Noninvasive Distraction.

Arthroscopy 2021 04;37(4):1066-1067

Southern California Orthopedic Institute, Van Nuys, California, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Noninvasive ankle distraction technique is the standard of care for ankle arthroscopic surgery. Noninvasive distraction can be performed safely and with fewer complications when compared side-by-side with the nondistraction dorsiflexion technique. Moreover, distraction techniques allow a single surgeon to operate in the most convenient supine position and in a "hands-free" manner, with adequate space to avoid iatrogenic chondral damage. Read More

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Management of tenosynovial giant cell tumour of the foot and ankle.

Bone Joint J 2021 Apr;103-B(4):788-794

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

Aims: Tenosynovial giant cell tumour (TGCT) is one of the most common soft-tissue tumours of the foot and ankle and can behave in a locally aggressive manner. Tumour control can be difficult, despite the various methods of treatment available. Since treatment guidelines are lacking, the aim of this study was to review the multidisciplinary management by presenting the largest series of TGCT of the foot and ankle to date from two specialized sarcoma centres. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests assessing ligamentous injury of the ankle syndesmosis: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 May 20;49:214-226. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, Ulster University, Jordanstown Campus, BT370QB, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: To summarise and evaluate research on the diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for ligamentous injury of the ankle syndesmosis.

Methods: CINAHL, Embase, and MEDLINE were searched from inception to February 12, 2021. Studies comparing clinical examination to arthroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, or ultrasound were considered eligible. Read More

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Use of Extracellular Matrix Cartilage Allograft May Improve Infill of the Defects in Bone Marrow Stimulation for Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus.

Arthroscopy 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

NYU Langone Health, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Extracellular Matrix Cartilage Allograft (EMCA) as an adjuvant to bone marrow stimulation (BMS) compared to BMS alone in the treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study comparing patients treated with BMS with EMCA (BMS-EMCA group) and BMS alone (BMS group) between 2013 and 2019 was undertaken. Clinical outcome was evaluated with the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) pre- and postoperatively. Read More

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