834 results match your criteria Animals[Journal]


The Welfare of Cows in Indian Shelters.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 16;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton Campus, Australia 4343, Australia.

Cow shelters (gaushalas) are unique traditional institutions in India, where aged, infertile, diseased, rescued, and abandoned cows are sheltered for the rest of their life, until they die of natural causes. These institutions owe their existence to the reverence for the cow as a holy mother goddess for Hindus, the majority religion in India. There is a religious and legal prohibition on cow slaughter in most Indian states. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040172DOI Listing
April 2019
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A Case of Letting the Cat out of The Bag-Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat () Management.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 16;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Environmental and Conservation Sciences, College of Science, Health, Engineering, and Education, Murdoch University, Perth, WA 6150, Australia.

Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs, in which stray cats are captured, neutered and returned to the environment are advocated as a humane, ethical alternative to euthanasia. We review the TNR literature in light of current debate over whether or not there should be further TNR trials in Australia. We revisit the problems arising from stray cats living in association with human habitation and estimate how many stray cats would have to be processed through a scientifically-guided TNR program to avoid high euthanasia rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040171DOI Listing

Animals Fed Insect-Based Diets: State-of-the-Art on Digestibility, Performance and Product Quality.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 16;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute of Science of Food Production, National Research Council, Largo Paolo Braccini 2, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy.

In 2018, the industrial compound feed production throughout the world was 1103 metric billion tons, which was an increase of 3% compared to 2017. In order to meet the needs of the increasing population, a further increment in compound feed production is necessary. Conventional protein sources are no longer suitable to completely satisfy the increment of feed production in a sustainable way. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040170DOI Listing

Modelling Nutritional Requirements of Growing Pigs from Local Breeds Using InraPorc.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 16;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

KIS-Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Hacquetova ul. 17, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Models such as InraPorc enable the growth of pigs to be simulated and their nutrient requirements to be determined. However, so far, these models have not been applied to local breeds. We used InraPorc to determine the nutrient requirements of growing pigs from local breeds (H2020 European Union project TREASURE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040169DOI Listing

The Emperor's New Clothes-An Epistemological Critique of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Acupuncture.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

CIISA-Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal.

Within the last few decades, complementary and alternative medicines have gained increased popularity in the veterinary field. Although many authors have exposed the scientific fallacies and historical misconceptions used to justify such therapies, those efforts have not succeeded in detracting veterinary practitioners from embracing them. Notably, Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM), including acupuncture, has emerged as one of the main alternatives to conventional veterinary medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040168DOI Listing

Activity and Anti-Aflatoxigenic Effect of Indigenously Characterized Probiotic Lactobacilli against -A Common Poultry Feed Contaminant.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Theriogenology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Punjab, Pakistan.

Aflatoxin contamination in human food and animal feed is a threat to public safety. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) can be especially damaging to poultry production and consequently economic development of Pakistan. The present study assessed the in vitro binding of AFB1 by indigenously characterized probiotic lactobacilli. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/166
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040166DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effects of Dietary Rumen-Protected Betaine Supplementation on Performance of Postpartum Dairy Cows and Immunity of Newborn Calves.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of rumen-protected betaine supplementation on performance of postpartum dairy cows and immunity of newborn calves. Twenty-four multiparous Holstein dairy cows were randomly divided into the control (CON, = 12) and rumen-protected betaine (BET, = 12) groups after blocking by parity and milk yield during the previous lactation cycle. The cows were fed a basal total mixed ration diet without BET (CON) or with BET at 20 g/d per cow (BET) from four weeks before expected calving to six weeks postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040167DOI Listing

Citizens' and Farmers' Framing of 'Positive Animal Welfare' and the Implications for Framing Positive Welfare in Communication.

Authors:
Belinda Vigors

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 4;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3RG, UK.

Human perception can depend on how an individual frames information in thought and how information is framed in communication. For example, framing something positively, instead of negatively, can change an individual's response. This is of relevance to 'positive animal welfare', which places greater emphasis on farm animals being provided with opportunities for positive experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040147DOI Listing

Efficiency of CIDR-Based Protocols Including GnRH Instead of eCG for Estrus Synchronization in Sheep.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 3;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Dpto. de Reproduccion Animal, INIA, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n., 28040-Madrid, Spain.

The present study examined, for meat sheep (Segureña breed; 2-5-years old, mean body score of 3.5 ± 0.5), the timings of onset of estrus behavior, preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and ovulation, and the ovulation rate and fertility obtained after insertion of controlled internal drug release (CIDR) devices for 5 days plus treatment with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG; single dose at CIDR removal, n = 19 ewes) or gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH, either in a single dose at 56 h after CIDR removal, group CIDR-GnRH, n = 19 ewes; or in one dose at CIDR insertion and another dose 56 h after CIDR removal, group GnRH-CIDR-GnRH, n = 19 ewes). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040146DOI Listing
April 2019
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Grading Distress of Different Animal Models for Gastrointestinal Diseases Based on Plasma Corticosterone Kinetics.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 3;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Rudolf-Zenker-Institute of Experimental Surgery, University Medical Center, 18057 Rostock, Germany.

Comparative studies for evaluating distress in established animal models are still rare. However, this issue is becoming more important as a consequence of worldwide appreciation of animal welfare. One good parameter for evaluating distress is the quantification of corticosterone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040145DOI Listing

Growing Trial of Gilthead Sea Bream () Juveniles Fed on Chironomid Meal as a Partial Substitution for Fish Meal.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 3;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Bioscience and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, 62032 Camerino, Italy.

Insect meal derived from chironomid larvae and collected from aquatic environments was included in the feed of gilthead sea bream juveniles (75 ± 1.1 g) in a growth trial of 90 days. Three feeds, which were namely one control (L1) and two experimental diets (L2, L3), were analyzed and formulated as isonitrogenous (45%) and isolipidic (13%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040144DOI Listing

The Effects of Dietary Insect Meal from Prepupae on Autochthonous Gut Microbiota of Rainbow Trout ().

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, University of Insubria, Via J.H. Dunant 3, 21100 Varese, Italy.

This study evaluated the effects of dietary insect meal from larvae on autochthonous gut microbiota of rainbow trout (). Three diets, with increasing levels of insect meal inclusion (10%, 20%, and 30%) and a control diet without insect meal were tested in a 12-week feeding trial. To analyze the resident intestinal microbial communities, the Illumina MiSeq platform for sequencing of 16S rRNA gene and QIIME pipeline were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040143DOI Listing

Identification of Ovine KRTAP28-1 and Its Association with Wool Fibre Diameter.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Faculty of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Lincoln University, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand.

Keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are a diverse group of proteins and form a matrix that cross-links keratin intermediate filaments in hair and wool fibres. From over 100 KAP genes () identified in mammalian species, is a high sulphur (HS)-KAP gene, which has recently been described in humans. Here, we report the absence of in sheep, and describe a new HS- (named ) in the chromosome region where was expected to be found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040142DOI Listing

Pigeon and Poultry Breeders, Friends or Enemies of the Northern Goshawk ? A Long-Term Study of a Population in Central Poland.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Forest Zoology and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry; Warsaw University of LifeSciences, Nowoursynowska 159; 02-776 Warszawa, Poland.

In this study, we focused on a goshawk population in central Poland (study area 105 km²,forests 24 km², seven small forest complexes) which was monitored long-term (with high densitiesrecorded in the 1980s of 16.3 pairs/100 km² despite persecution by farmers) to analyse howenvironmental factors (prey availability and changes in the forest structure) influenced populationabundance, breeding parameters, and diet composition. The study was undertaken from 2011-2018,and the results were compared with published data from two previous study periods (1982-1992and 2001-2003). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040141DOI Listing

Meat Quality and Sensory Traits of Finisher Broiler Chickens Fed with Black Soldier Fly ( L.) Larvae Fat as Alternative Fat Source.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova, Agripolis, Viale dell'Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy.

At present, there is limited knowledge about the possible utilization of the fat fraction derived from (HI) larvae processing. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the replacement of soybean oil with HI larvae fat in broiler finisher diet, on the quality and sensory traits of their meat. At 21 days of age, 120 male broiler chickens were randomly allocated to three experimental groups (5 replicates and 8 birds/pen): a basal control diet (C), and two groups in which either 50% or 100% of the soybean oil was replaced with HI larvae fat (the HI50 and HI100 group, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040140DOI Listing
April 2019
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Rearing Undocked Pigs on Fully Slatted Floors Using Multiple Types and Variations of Enrichment.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Pig Development Department, Teagasc, P61 P302 Moorepark, Ireland.

In fully slatted systems, tail biting is difficult to manage when pigs' tails are not docked because loose enrichment material can obstruct slurry systems. This pilot study sought to determine: a) whether intact-tailed pigs can be reared with a manageable level of tail biting by using multiple slat-compatible enrichment; b) whether a variation of enrichment has an effect; and c) whether pigs show a preference in enrichment use. Ninety-six undocked pigs were given the same enrichment items from one week after birth until weaning. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/139
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040139DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Jarrett Building, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK.

Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire. Respondents indicated their level of agreement with statements describing welfare and ethical reasons 'for' and 'against' the neutering of male and female dogs and cats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040138DOI Listing

The Use of Vagina⁻Cervix Length Measurement in Evaluation of Future Reproductive Performance of Sows: A Preliminary Study under Commercial Conditions.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 11;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Swine and Small Animal Breeding, Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland.

The length of the distal part of the internal reproductive tract seems to be related to the length and capacity of uterine horns, which is the most important anatomical property influencing litter size in sows. The aim of this study was to evaluate variation in vagina-cervix length (VCL) in gilts and differences in reproductive performance of sows according to VCL. The study was performed in a commercial farm using 221 gilts introduced into the breeding herd. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040158DOI Listing

Replacing Soybean Meal with Sesame Meal in the Diets of Lactating Awassi Ewes Suckling Single Lambs: Nutrient Digestibility, Milk Production, and Lamb Growth.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 11;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Al⁻Balqa Applied University, P.O. Box 19117 Al⁻Salt, Jordan.

Two experiments were conducted to assess the influence of sesame meal (SM) feeding on nutrient digestibility, N balance, milk production and composition, ewes' body weight change, and growth performance of lambs. In experiment 1, 18 ewe lambs were randomly distributed into three diets to evaluate the effects of soybean meal replacement with SM on nutrient intake, digestibility, and N balance. Treatments were no SM (SM0), 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040157DOI Listing

Anaemia and Hypoproteinaemia in Pregnant Sheep during Anaesthesia.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 11;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Wetsern Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia.

The aim of this study was to document the packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin concentration and total protein concentration of maternal blood before, during and after anaesthesia. Six singleton Merino-cross pregnant ewes at 116-117 days of gestation were premedicated with intramuscular acepromazine (0.02 mg/kg) and buprenorphine (0. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/156
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040156DOI Listing
April 2019
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Potential of Insect Meals as Protein Sources for Meat-Type Ducks Based on In Vitro Digestibility.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 9;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

The Queen Sirikit Department of Sericulture, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.

There has been a dramatic increase in duck meat consumption. As a result, ducks are an interesting alternative type of livestock. Animal-based proteins such as fishmeal and animal by-products are valuable nutrients with high digestibility, but they are associated with cost fluctuations, pathogen contamination, and environmental impacts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040155DOI Listing
April 2019
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No Pain, No Gain? In Defence of Genetically Disenhancing (Most) Research Animals.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 9;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Institute for Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine, University of Zurich, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland.

Every year, around 12 million animals are used for the purpose of scientific research in the European Union alone. The procedures performed on them often cause significant pain and suffering. Despite regulations aimed at reducing this suffering, we can expect millions of research animals to continue to suffer in the near to mid-term future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040154DOI Listing

Non-Parametrical Canonical Analysis of Quality-Related Characteristics of Eggs of Different Varieties of Native Hens Compared to Laying Lineage.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 9;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera (IFAPA), Alameda del Obispo, 14004 Córdoba, Spain.

The aim of the present study is to characterize the productive capability of Utrerana and to compare the relationships among parameters determining the internal and external quality of the egg, through canonical correlation analysis. A flock of 68 Utrerana hens and a control group of Leghorn hens (n = 17) were housed individually to allow individual identification of eggs and for the assessment of egg quality characteristics. Almost all variables showed differences when both breeds were compared, except for white height, yolk diameter, yolk and yolk pH ( > 0. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/153
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040153DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Comparative Transcriptomics Reveal Key Sheep (Ovis aries) Hypothalamus LncRNAs that Affect Reproduction.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 8;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding and Reproduction of Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.

The diverse functions of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which execute their functions mainly through modulating the activities of their target genes, have been have been widely studied for many years (including a number of studies involving lncRNAs in the ovary and uterus). Herein, for the first time, we detect lncRNAs in sheep hypothalami with FecB++ through RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) and identify a number of known and novel lncRNAs, with 622 and 809 found to be differentially expressed in polytocous sheep in the follicular phase (PF) vs. monotocous sheep in the follicular phase (MF) and polytocous sheep in the luteal phase (PL) vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040152DOI Listing

Gut Microbiota Shifts in Pup Athymic BALB/c Mice: An Updated Identification in Nude Mice.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 8;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China.

It is commonly recognized that immunodeficiency modifies the gut microbiota in mammals. However, little information on the gut microbiota is available for athymic nude mice; one of the most popular animals for modeling immunodeficiency and tumors. In this study, 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing was performed to investigate the gut microbial composition of pup nude BALB/c mice during a 30-day experimental period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040151DOI Listing

Laying Performance, Physical, and Internal Egg Quality Criteria of Hens Fed Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles and Exogenous Enzyme Mixture.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 6;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

The effects of dietary inclusion of distillers dried grains with solubles in laying hen diets with and without exogenous enzyme mixture (EEM) on performance and egg characteristics were evaluated. One of the main objectives of this study was to examine the effects of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and enzyme cocktail on egg yolk fatty acids. The study used total of 144 Hisex Brown laying hens in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement, including four levels of DDGS (0, 6, 12, and 18% of diet) and two levels of enzyme cocktail (0 or 250 mg EEM/kg of diet) through 32⁻42 weeks of the age. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/150
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040150DOI Listing
April 2019
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Red Grape Pomace Rich in Polyphenols Diet Increases the Antioxidant Status in Key Organs-Kidneys, Liver, and Spleen of Piglets.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 5;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Animal Biology, National Research and Development Institute for Biology and Animal Nutrition, Baloteşti (INCDBNA-IBNA), Calea Bucuresti nr. 1, Balotesti, 077015 Ilfov, Romania.

The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of a diet containing 5% dried GP on the antioxidant status (total antioxidant status (TAS), antioxidant enzyme activity (catalase-CAT, superoxide dismutase-SOD, and gluthatione peroxidase-GPx), and lipid peroxidation) on the key organs of the liver, kidneys, and spleen in relation to health status as indicated by blood biochemical parameters and total polyphenol content in the blood, organs (liver, spleen, kidney, mesenteric lymph nodes, heart, and brain) and muscle in piglets. The GP diet results in a significant increase of TAS in the liver, spleen, and kidneys, with increased CAT activity in the spleen and kidneys, increased SOD activity in the liver, kidneys, and spleen, and increased GPx activity in the kidneys, as well as a decrease in lipid peroxidation in the liver and kidneys. The GP included in the piglets' feed contained polyphenols that showed antioxidant activity and were absorbed in the plasma, contributing to maintaining the good health of the animals. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/149
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040149DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Use of Garlic Oil for Olfactory Enrichment Increases the Use of Ropes in Weaned Pigs.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 5;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Centre for Equine and Animal Science, Writtle University College, Chelmsford CM1 3RR, Essex, UK.

Pig producers are required to provide environmental enrichment to provide pigs the opportunity to perform investigative and manipulative behaviours (EU directive 2001/93/EC). Preventing enrichment from losing its novelty and decreasing the rate at which animals become habituated is important to maintain use of enrichment over time. A comparative study was formulated to identify whether weaner pigs housed in a semi-barren environment displayed a preference for olfactory enrichment compared to non-scented enrichment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040148DOI Listing

Data Mining and Validation of AMPK Pathway as a Novel Candidate Role Affecting Intramuscular Fat Content in Pigs.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 1;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Embryo Engineering, College of Animal Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, China.

Intramuscular fat (IMF) is an important economic trait for pork quality and a complex quantitative trait regulated by multiple genes. The objective of this work was to investigate the novel transcriptional effects of a multigene pathway on IMF deposition in the longissimus dorsi (LD) muscles of pigs. Potential signaling pathways were screened by mining data from three gene expression profiles in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040137DOI Listing

Comparative Study of the Use of Insect Meal from and for Feeding Japanese Quail Chicks.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 31;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department Education for Sustainable Nutrition and Food Science, Technische Universität Berlin, Marchstr. 23, D-10585 Berlin, Germany;

A transformation of current livestock production towards a more sustainable operation is crucial to face nutritional and environmental challenges. There is an urgent demand for more sustainable high-quality feed sources to reduce environmental costs. Insects pose a potential alternative since they can be reared sustainably on food and feed residues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040136DOI Listing

An Investigation of Associations Between Management and Feather Damage in Canadian Laying Hens Housed in Furnished Cages.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 31;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Animal Biosciences, Ontario Agricultural College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

Feather pecking is a continuous welfare challenge in the housing of egg-laying hens. Canada is currently making the transition from conventional cages to alternative housing systems. However, feather damage (FD) among laying hens due to feather pecking remains a welfare concern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040135DOI Listing
March 2019
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Living the 'Best Life' or 'One Size Fits All'-Stakeholder Perceptions of Racehorse Welfare.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 31;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 31.

School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford, Somerset BS40 5DU, UK.

The purpose of the study was to explore the perceptions held by British racing industry stakeholders of factors influencing racehorse welfare. Ten focus groups were held across the UK with a total of 42 stakeholders from a range of roles within racehorse care including trainers, stable staff and veterinarians. Participants took part in three exercises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040134DOI Listing
March 2019
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Precision Livestock Farming in Swine Welfare: A Review for Swine Practitioners.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 31;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, 428 S Shaw Ln, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.

The burgeoning research and applications of technological advances are launching the development of precision livestock farming. Through sensors (cameras, microphones and accelerometers), images, sounds and movements are combined with algorithms to non-invasively monitor animals to detect their welfare and predict productivity. In turn, this remote monitoring of livestock can provide quantitative and early alerts to situations of poor welfare requiring the stockperson's attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040133DOI Listing

Efforts to Ban the Routine Tail Docking of Pigs and to Give Pigs Enrichment Materials via EU Law: Where do We Stand a Quarter of a Century on?

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Federation of Veterinarians of Europe, Avenue Tervueren 12, 1040 Brussels, Belgium.

In its role as guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission must ensure that Member States enforce EU law within their territories. If adequate enforcement is found to be wanting, the Commission also has the power to take infringement procedures as a corrective measure. The case of Directive 120/2008/EC on the protection of pigs is problematic, as only a few Member States are respecting the ban on routine tail docking, whilst not all pigs are given (adequate) enrichment materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040132DOI Listing

Effects of Body Condition and Concentrate Proportion of the Ration on Mobilization of Fat Depots and Energetic Condition in Dairy Cows during Early Lactation Based on Ultrasonic Measurements.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Insitut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany.

The aim of this study was to evaluate energy metabolism and lipid mobilization via ultrasonic measurements (USM), considering inner fat depots, in lactating dairy cows differing in body condition score (BCS) and fed rations with low (35% at dry matter basis; C) or high (60% at dry matter basis; C) concentrate feed proportions postpartum. Sixty pluriparous German Holstein cows were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial design from d 42 antepartum (relative to calculated calving) until d 120 postpartum. Animals were divided into a group with a lower (initial BCS = 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040131DOI Listing

Effects of Supplementation of Leaf Powder on Feed Efficiency, Rumen Ecology and Rumen Protozoal Concentration in Thai Native Beef Cattle.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Animal Production Technology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand.

Methane (CH₄) is an end-product of enteric fermentation in cattle [... Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040130DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A Case-Series Report on The Use of a Salicylic Acid Bandage as a Non-Antibiotic Treatment for Early Detected, Non-Complicated Interdigital Phlegmon in Dairy Cows.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Växa Sverige, Box 30204, 104 25 Stockholm, Sweden.

Interdigital phlegmon (IP) is an important cause of lameness in cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment effect of a salicylic acid bandage in the interdigital space in dairy cows with early detected IP. Dairy cows (n = 109) with IP diagnosed and treated by the farmer were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040129DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Feeding Diets Moderate in Physically Effective Fibre Alters Eating and Feed Sorting Patterns without Improving Ruminal pH, but Impaired Liver Health in Dairy Cows.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

The main challenge in dairy cattle feeding is to find a balance between the energy and physically effective fibre (peNDF), required to maintain rumen health. In an attempt to regulate the balance between energy intake and rumen buffering, we hypothesized that the content of peNDF in the diet modifies eating and feed sorting patterns of the cows. Sixteen lactating Simmental cows were switched from a diet high in peNDF, with which they were fed for one week, to a diet moderate in peNDF for four weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040128DOI Listing

Effect of Increasing Species Diversity and Grazing Management on Pasture Productivity, Animal Performance, and Soil Carbon Sequestration of Re-Established Pasture in Canadian Prairie.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Swift Current Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Swift Current, SK S9H 3X2, Canada.

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of type of pasture mix and grazing management on pasture productivity, animal response and soil organic carbon (SOC) level. Pasture was established in 2001 on 16 paddocks of 2.1 ha that had been primarily in wheat and summer fallow. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040127DOI Listing

A Novel Method of Assessing Floor Friction in Cowsheds and Its Association with Cow Health.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 27;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton Campus 4343, Australia.

Measurement of friction of cowshed floors to determine slipperiness potential is important for cow comfort. Existing methods require elaborate equipment and procedures. A quick method for assessment of friction characteristics is proposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040120DOI Listing

The Potential Role of Insects as Feed: A Multi-Perspective Review.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 27;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Agricultural, Forest, and Food Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco, 10124 Torino, Italy.

Recently, insects have received increased attention as an important source of sustainable raw materials for animal feed, especially in fish, poultry, and swine. In particular, the most promising species are represented by the black soldier fly (, HI), the yellow mealworm (, TM), and the common house fly (, MD). Although rapid development is expected, insects remain underutilized in the animal feed industry mainly due to technical, financial, and regulatory barriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040119DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Insect Oil as An Alternative to Palm Oil and Poultry Fat in Broiler Chicken Nutrition.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 25;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Animal Nutrition, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 33, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of (TM) oil as a total replacement for palm oil and poultry fat in broiler chicken diets on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, pancreatic enzyme activity, selected blood parameters and the lipid fatty acid compositions of liver and breast muscle tissues. A total of 72 seven-day-old female Ross 308 broiler chickens were used. The birds were randomly distributed into three groups with 12 replicates each, using two birds per replicate for 30 days in metabolic cages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9030116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465997PMC

Black Soldier Fly () as Dietary Source for Laying Quails: Live Performance, and Egg Physico-Chemical Quality, Sensory Profile and Storage Stability.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 25;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova, Agripolis, Viale dell'Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy.

Insects are promising candidates as alternative sustainable sources of protein for poultry species. The present research studied the effect of a dietary inclusion of a defatted black soldier fly (BSF) larvae meal as an alternative protein source in the diets of laying quails, on productive performance, egg physicochemical quality, fatty acid profile, sensory traits and storage stability. A total of 225 laying quails were divided into 3 dietary groups (5 replicates/each). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9030115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466284PMC

Relationship between SNPs of Gene and Litter Size and Growth Traits in Shaanbei White Cashmere Goats.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 25;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Shaanxi Provincial Engineering and Technology Research Center of Cashmere Goats, Yulin University, Yulin 719000, China.

POU (Pit-Oct-Unc) class 1 homeobox 1 (, or ) is a transcription factor that directly regulates pituitary hormone-related genes, as well as affects the reproduction and growth in mammals. Thus, gene was investigated as a candidate gene for litter size and growth performance in goats. In the current study, using direct DNA sequencing, c. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9030114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466355PMC

Effect of Lignocaine and a Topical Vapocoolant Spray on Pain Response during Surgical Castration of Beef Calves.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

This study assessed the efficacy of pre-operative injected lignocaine and peri-operative topical vapocoolant spray, administered as most practical for incorporation into routine calf castration procedures. Calves were randomly allocated to: (1) sham castration (SHAM); (2) surgical castration (CAST); (3) surgical castration with lignocaine (LIG); and (4) surgical castration with vapocoolant spray (VAPO). Calf behavioural responses were scored at different stages of the sham castration or castration procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040126DOI Listing

Effects of Fat Supplementation during Gestation on Reproductive Performance, Milk Composition of Sows and Intestinal Development of their Offspring.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Key Laboratory for Animal Disease Resistance Nutrition of the Ministry of Education, Animal Nutrition Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

Various fats are used in swine diets as sources of energy and essential fatty acids. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of fat supplementation during gestation on reproductive performance, milk composition of sows and intestinal development of their offspring. Fifty sows were randomly allocated into two groups receiving the control (CON) and high-fat diets (HF diet) during gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040125DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Dogs Trust, 17 Wakley St, London, EC1V 7RQ, UK.

Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not fully understand the time, energy and financial commitment entailed in their decision to acquire a dog. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040124DOI Listing

The Benefits of Improving Animal Welfare from the Perspective of Livestock Stakeholders across Asia.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Sciences, The University of Queensland, Gatton, QLD 4343, Australia.

In this study, 17 focus group meetings were held with livestock industry leaders in geographically dispersed areas of China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, India and Bangladesh, regarding animal welfare issues, potential solutions and attitudes. Livestock leaders were asked 'what do you see as the benefits to improving animal welfare' and later to discuss the potential benefits and rank them according to their associated importance. While differences existed by country, the most important perceived benefit area across all countries was financial in nature, primarily focussed on the potential to increase the productive output of the animals and to improve meat and product quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040123DOI Listing

Influence of Maternal Factors (Weight, Body Condition, Parity, and Pregnancy Rank) on Plasma Metabolites of Dairy Ewes and Their Lambs.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Animal Reproduction, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias y Alimentarias (INIA), Avda Pta. de Hierro s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Pregnancy and lactation are challenging states that affect maternal and lamb health. In Lacaune dairy sheep, we evaluated the impact of parity, pregnancy rank, and body condition on body weight and the condition of ewes and lambs in mid-pregnancy (75 ± 5 d), in late pregnancy (142 ± 4d), and postpartum (52 ± 5d pp). Maternal age was associated with initial decreases, followed by increases, in body weight and condition. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/122
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040122DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Effects of Feeding Frequency on the Lying Behavior of Dairy Cows in a Loose Housing with Automatic Feeding and Milking System.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Mar 28;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy.

Management systems in modern dairy farms is an important issue in relation to animal comfort and welfare. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of feed delivery frequency on the behavior patterns, visits to an automatic milking system (AMS) and on milk production of lactating dairy cows. The study was conducted on a commercial dairy farm with automatic feeding and milking systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040121DOI Listing