315 results match your criteria Animal nutrition Zhongguo xu mu shou yi xue hui[Journal]


Molecular cloning, tissue distribution and the expression of cystine/glutamate exchanger (xCT, SLC7A11) in different tissues during development in broiler chickens.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 31;6(1):107-114. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada.

The cystine/glutamate exchanger (xCT, SLC7A11) is a component of the system X amino-acid antiporter that is able to export glutamate and import cysteine into cells. The xCT amino acid exchanger has received a lot of attention, due to the fact that cysteine is an essential substrate for the synthesis of glutathione (GSH), an endogenous antioxidant in cells. The objective of this research was to clone the full-length cDNA of chicken xCT, and to investigate the gene expression of xCT in different tissues, including intestinal segments of broiler chickens during development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082690PMC

Amino acids regulate energy utilization through mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 and adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase pathway in porcine enterocytes.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 7;6(1):98-106. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutritional Physiology and Metabolic Process, Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, National Engineering Laboratory for Pollution Control and Waste Utilization in Livestock and Poultry Production, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha, 410125, China.

As major fuels for the small intestinal mucosa, dietary amino acids (AA) are catabolized in the mitochondria and serve as sources of energy production. The present study was conducted to investigate AA metabolism that supply cell energy and the underlying signaling pathways in porcine enterocytes. Intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) were treated with different concentrations of AA, inhibitor, or agonist of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK), and mitochondrial respiration was monitored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083746PMC

Storage time and condensed tannin content of high-moisture sorghum grains: Effects on in vitro fermentation and mold populations.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 17;6(1):92-97. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Instituto de Producción Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Ruta 1, km 42.200, PC 80.100, San José, Uruguay.

Silage of high moisture sorghum grains is a highly relevant source of energy in cattle production systems in South America. There is little information related to the chemical characteristics, the kinetics of fermentation and the toxic fungal populations of these feedstuffs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage time and condensed tannins content of the grain on chemical composition, in vitro fermentation parameters, and toxicogenic fungal populations of moist sorghum grain stored in silo-bags. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.08.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082673PMC

Influence of tannin-rich pine bark supplementation in the grain mixes for meat goats: Growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 18;6(1):85-91. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, 36088, USA.

The objective was to evaluate the use of condensed tannin (CT)-rich ground pine bark (PB) in grain mixed diets on meat goat growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics. Twenty four Kiko crossbred () growing male kids (BW = 36.9 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082679PMC

Effects of dietary lipid-to-carbohydrate ratio on growth and carbohydrate metabolism in juvenile cobia ().

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 2;6(1):80-84. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China.

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary lipid-to-carbohydrate ratio on growth and carbohydrate metabolism in juvenile cobia (). Six isonitrogenous diets were prepared to vary in lipid-to-carbohydrate ratio (g/g) as follows: D1, 2.26; D2, 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082676PMC

Effects of dietary probiotic supplementation on the growth, gut health and disease resistance of juvenile Nile tilapia ().

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 23;6(1):69-79. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

College of Fisheries, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524025, China.

This study investigated the effects of the antagonizing probiotics NY5 and as feed additives for Nile tilapia in terms of growth performance, intestinal health and resistance to . A total of 720 apparently healthy juvenile Nile tilapia (0.20 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.07.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082692PMC

Colostrum and milk performance, and blood immunity indices and minerals of Holstein cows receiving organic Mn, Zn and Cu sources.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 23;6(1):61-68. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Animal Science Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, 3146618361, Iran.

Effects of supplementing the basal diets with Mn, Zn and Cu, as sulphate, glycine or methionine salts, on colostrum and milk performance, some blood immunity indices and blood minerals of pre- and post-partum Holstein cows were accessed. Forty cows in different groups received: 1) a diet without supplementary Mn, Zn and Cu (control), 2) a diet containing Mn, Zn and Cu sulphates, 3) a diet containing Mn, Zn and Cu glycine, or 4) a diet containing Mn, Zn and Cu methionine with 10 cows per group from d 60 before calving (dry period) to d 100 of lactation. Dry matter intake (DMI), dry matter digestibility (DMD), colostrum and milk performance, milk somatic cell count (SCC), blood and milk total antioxidant capacity (TAC), immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin A (IgA), and blood Mn, Zn and Cu were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083722PMC

In vitro rumen fermentation of feed substrates added with chestnut tannins or an extract from Bertoni.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 2;6(1):54-60. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, Via Sondrio, 2/A, 33100, Udine, Italy.

Rumen fermentation parameters and microbiota were evaluated in 3 in vitro rumen fermentation experiments after addition of chestnut tannins (CWT) or an extract from Bertoni (SB) to substrates. A control (CTR) substrate was fermented alone or added with 1.5% of CWT or SB extracts in a batch culture system (Exp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082680PMC

Comparison between linseed expeller and canola expeller on concentrate intake, and circulating inflammatory mediators in Holstein calves.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 31;6(1):47-53. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, USA.

The objective of this study was to compare the effect of linseed and canola expeller on average daily weight gain (ADG), concentrate intakes, incidence of diarrhea, serum haptoglobin, interleukin (IL)-1, and resolvin-E1 in female Holstein calves from birth to weaning. A sample size of 20 calves per group was calculated and were randomly allocated at the time of birth. Linseed group (LIN) was fed a starter with linseed expeller, while canola group (CAN) received a similar concentrate, but with canola expeller. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082647PMC

Effects of sporoderm-broken spores of on growth performance, antioxidant function and immune response of broilers.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 23;6(1):39-46. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100094, China.

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of sporoderm-broken spores of (SSGL), a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, on growth performance, antioxidant ability, and immunity of broilers. Three hundred male broilers with similar body weights (40.0 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082644PMC

A RC016-based feed additive reduces liver toxicity, residual aflatoxin B1 levels and positively influences intestinal morphology in broiler chickens fed chronic aflatoxin B1-contaminated diets.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 24;6(1):31-38. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Departamento de Microbiología e Inmunología, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Argentina.

The present study was conducted to investigate the ability of RC016 (Sc)-based feed additive to reduce liver toxicity, residual aflatoxin B (AFB) levels and influence intestinal structure in broiler chickens fed chronic aflatoxin B-contaminated diets. A total of 100 one-day-old male commercial line (Ross) broiler chickens were divided into 4 treatments, with 5 pens per treatment and 5 broiler chickens per pen. Birds were randomly assigned to 4 treatments, which were namely treatment 1 (T), control diet (CD); T, CD + Sc at 1 g/kg; T, CD + AFB at 100 μg/kg; T, CD + Sc at 1 g/kg + AFB at 100 μg/kg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082645PMC

Functionality of a next generation biosynthetic bacterial 6-phytase in enhancing phosphorus availability to weaned piglets fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet without added inorganic phosphate.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 10;6(1):24-30. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Institut de Recerca I Tecnologia Agroalimentàries, Centre Mas de Bover, Ctra. Reus-El Morell km. 3.8, E-43120, Constantí, Spain.

The utility of a next generation biosynthetic bacterial 6-phytase (PhyG) in restoring bone ash, bone phosphorus (P) content and performance in piglets depleted in P was evaluated. A total of 9 treatments were tested as follows. Treatment 1, a negative control (NC) diet; treatments 2, 3, 4, NC supplemented with 250, 500 or 1,000 FTU/kg of PhyG; treatments 5, 6, NC supplemented with 500 or 1,000 FTU/kg of a commercial sp phytase (PhyB); treatments 7, 8, 9, NC supplemented with monocalcium phosphate (MCP) to provide 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082667PMC

Hepatic lipid metabolism is affected by a daily 3-meal pattern with varying dietary crude protein with a pig model.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 7;6(1):16-23. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Institute of Biological Resources, Jiangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanchang 330096, China.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of 3 meals administered daily with varying dietary crude protein (CP) contents on hepatic lipid metabolism with a pig model. Pigs were divided into 3 groups according to the following feeding patterns: feeding a basal CP diet 3 times daily (3C); feeding a high CP diet for breakfast, the basal CP diet for lunch, and a low CP diet for dinner (HCL); and feeding the low CP diet for breakfast, the basal CP diet for lunch, and the high protein diet for dinner (LCH). Three groups took equivalent diet per meal ensuring that every pig was fed with similar dietary formulae daily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082684PMC

Effect of phytase on phosphorous balance in 20-kg barrows fed low or adequate phosphorous diets.

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 15;6(1):9-15. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Animal & Dairy Science Department, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, United States.

The effects of phytase on phosphorus (P) digestibility are well established. However, there are few studies that report P balance, particularly when phytase is used in diets that have adequate or deficient P. The main objective of the study was to determine the effect of dietary P levels and exogenous phytase on P balance in growing pigs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082668PMC

Dietary fiber and chicken microbiome interaction: Where will it lead to?

Anim Nutr 2020 Mar 20;6(1):1-8. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

The last few decades have been marked by a rapid genetic improvement in chicken growth rates. The modern-day chicken is more efficient in converting feed into muscle mass than their predecessors. This enhanced efficiency emanates from better nutrient digestion, absorption, and metabolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.11.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082689PMC

Coarse corn particles cause a negative effect on eggshell quality of semi-heavy laying hens.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 11;5(4):432-434. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Animal Sciences, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró 59625900, Brazil.

One of the possible ways to optimize the productive performance of poultry is through the physical processing of ingredients, which can improve the use of nutrients in these animals. In this context, this study was to evaluate the effects of different corn particle sizes in diets on the productive performance and egg quality of semi-heavy laying hens. Sixty naked neck laying hens were used from 24 weeks of age and distributed in a completely randomized design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.03.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920396PMC
December 2019

growth of gut microbiota with selenium nanoparticles.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 27;5(4):424-431. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Institute for Future Farming Systems, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, 4702, Australia.

The application of nanoparticles rose steeply in the last decade, where they have become a common ingredient used in processed human food, improving food properties such as shelf life and appearance. Nanoparticles have also attracted considerable interest to the livestock industry, due to their efficacy in intestinal pathogen control, with the regulatory and consumer driven push for the removal of antibiotic growth promoters. The influence of selenium (Se) nanoparticles was investigated on a diverse and mature broiler caecal microbiota using culturing and 16S rRNA gene sequencing methods for microbiota characterisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920403PMC
December 2019

Cloning, expression pattern, and potential role of p38 and p65 in response to lipopolysaccharide in yellow catfish ().

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 4;5(4):416-423. Epub 2019 May 4.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China.

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathways are considered to be two crucial intracellular signaling cascades in pro-inflammatory responses. In this study, we reported the coding sequences (CDS) of p38 and p65 from yellow catfish. We also investigated the gene structure, expression patterns and functional role in yellow catfish. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.03.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920392PMC
December 2019

Effects of stinging nettle () powder on laying performance, egg quality, and serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 1;5(4):410-415. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Animal Production, Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liege University, Quartier Vallée 2, Liege B 4000, Belgium.

The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of stinging nettle powder (SNP) on laying performance, egg quality, and some selected serum biochemical parameters of quails. One hundred and forty-four 10-wk-old Japanese quails (initial body weight = 199 ± 18 g) were divided into 3 dietary treatment groups (basic diet without SNP [SNP0], SNP0 with 3% SNP [SNP3], SNP0 with 6% SNP [SNP6]) with 4 replicates of 12 quails for a rearing period of 12 wk. At 22 wk of age, the final body weights of the SNP3 and SNP6 groups were significantly ( = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920391PMC
December 2019

Ginger extract enhances antioxidant ability and immunity of layers.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 13;5(4):407-409. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, 071000, China.

This experiment was to investigate ginger extract on production performance, antioxidant ability and immunity of laying hens. A total of 600 Hy-Line brown laying hens aged at 25 wk old were randomly divided into 2 treatments, 4 replicates per treatment, 75 layers each replicate. The control group hens were fed a basal diet; the experimental group hens were fed basal diets with 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920395PMC
December 2019

Effect of protein sources on performance characteristics of turkeys in the first three weeks of life.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 4;5(4):396-406. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5A8, Saskatchewan, Canada.

The effect of nutrition during the early life of turkey poults has a long-lasting impact on bird performance. This study assessed the digestibility of 5 high protein feed ingredients (soybean meal [SBM], corn gluten meal [CGM], canola protein concentrate [CPC], fish meal [FM], and porcine meal [PCM]) in broiler chickens, as well as their use in turkey pre-starter diets fed to 21 d of age. The first experiment (5 × 2 factorial arrangement) determined nitrogen corrected apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn) and apparent ileal amino acid digestibility (AIAAD) of each ingredient in broiler chickens at 5 and 21 d of age, using 6 replications of 30 and 8 chicks, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.09.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920402PMC
December 2019

Effect of fosfomycin, extract, deoxynivalenol and their combinations on intestinal health of weaned piglets.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 7;5(4):386-395. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Área Toxicología, Departamento de Fisiopatología, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Tandil, B7000, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Weaning is a challenging stage of pig farming. Animals undergo environmental, social and dietary changes leading to weaning stress syndrome. In order to compensate for the detrimental effects of weaning stress, antibiotics and natural extracts are used as feed additives, sometimes without fully understanding the interactions between them or even with low concentrations of mycotoxins that are frequently present in feed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.08.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920400PMC
December 2019

Dietary β-glucan supplementation improves growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of finishing pigs.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 1;5(4):380-385. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Sichuan Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Animal Disease Resistance Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Chengdu 611130, China.

This experiment was conducted to investigate growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of finishing pigs with dietary β-glucan supplementation. A total of 96 healthy pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire; initial average BW = 25 kg) were randomly allocated into 4 dietary treatments with 6 replicates per treatment and 4 pigs per replicate. The control group was fed a basal diet, and the experimental diets were supplemented with 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920398PMC
December 2019

A fermented rapeseed meal additive: Effects on production performance, nutrient digestibility, colostrum immunoglobulin content and microbial flora in sows.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 22;5(4):373-379. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Department of Animal Hygiene and Environment, Faculty of Biology and Animal Breeding, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, 20-950, Poland.

This study was to assess the effect of fermented rapeseed meal (FRSM) in the diet of sows, taking into account the physiological period (pregnancy or lactation) and reproductive cycle (primiparous or multiparous sows), on production performance, nutrient digestibility, colostrum immunoglobulin content, and microbial flora in sows. The experimental material included 30 primiparous gilts and 30 multiparous sows after their second lactation. The animals in the control groups C (gilts) and C (sows) received a standard diet for pregnant or lactating sows, depending on the reproductive period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920389PMC
December 2019

Effect of dietary supplementation of or yeast hydrolysates on growth performance, antioxidant activity, cytokines and intestinal microflora of growing-finishing pigs.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 27;5(4):366-372. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Key Laboratory for Animal Disease-Resistance Nutrition of Ministry of Education, Institute of Animal Nutrition, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China.

This study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of (BC) and yeast hydrolysates (YH) on growth performance, antioxidant activity, cytokines and intestinal microflora of growing-finishing pigs. Thirty-six barrows (initial BW = 26.87 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920390PMC
December 2019

Comparative standardized ileal amino acid digestibility and metabolizable energy contents of main feed ingredients for growing pigs when adding dietary β-mannanase.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 29;5(4):359-365. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Department of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, South Korea.

The present study was conducted to test whether the dietary supplementation of β-mannanase affects amino acids (AA) digestibility, metabolizable energy (ME) contents of corn, wheat, soybean meal, distillers dried grains with solubles, and palm kernel meal (PKM), nutrient digestibility, and growth performance of pigs. In Exp. 1, 22 cannulated pigs were used for 10 dietary treatments including 5 feed ingredients and 2 β-mannanase concentrations (0 and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920393PMC
December 2019

Dietary supplementation of xylanase and protease on growth performance, digesta viscosity, nutrient digestibility, immune and oxidative stress status, and gut health of newly weaned pigs.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 11;5(4):351-358. Epub 2019 May 11.

Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 27695, United States.

This study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with xylanase and protease on growth performance, digesta viscosity, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of nutrients, and gut health in nursery pigs. Forty-eight pigs (24 barrows and 24 gilts at 21 d of age with 7.2 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920460PMC
December 2019

Prospects of HSP70 as a genetic marker for thermo-tolerance and immuno-modulation in animals under climate change scenario.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 28;5(4):340-350. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Key Laboratory of Buffalo Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction Technology, Ministry of Agriculture and Guangxi Buffalo Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530001, China.

Heat stress induced by long periods of high ambient temperature decreases animal productivity, leading to heavy economic losses. This devastating situation for livestock production is even becoming worse under the present climate change scenario. Strategies focused to breed animals with better thermo-tolerance and climatic resilience are keenly sought these days to mitigate impacts of heat stress especially in high input livestock production systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920399PMC
December 2019

Major cereal carbohydrates in relation to intestinal health of monogastric animals: A review.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 20;5(4):331-339. Epub 2019 Sep 20.

Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, PMB 2240, Nigeria.

Type, quality, and origin of cereals in diets of poultry and pigs could influence gut microbes and affect their diversity and function, thereby impacting the intestinal function of the monogastric animal. In this review, we focus on the major carbohydrates in cereals that interact directly with gut microbes and lead to the production of key metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), and discuss how cereal fiber impact intestinal health of poultry and pigs. An overview of how the cereals and cereals-derived carbohydrates such as beta-glucans, resistant starch, cellulose, and arabinoxylans could promote intestinal health and reduce the use of in-feed antibiotics in animal production are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920401PMC
December 2019

Solid-state fermented plant protein sources in the diets of broiler chickens: A review.

Anim Nutr 2019 Dec 2;5(4):319-330. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI), The University of Queensland, Archerfield BC, QLD, 4108, Australia.

Protein sources are the second most important component in poultry diets. Due to the fluctuation in price of soybean meal (SBM) and persistent increase in feed prices, nutritionists have been exploring alternative protein sources. Replacement of SBM with alternative protein sources in poultry diets could reduce human-livestock competition for soybean and support the production of more animal protein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920459PMC
December 2019

Evaluation of L. (marigold) flower as a natural growth promoter in comparison with an antibiotic growth promoter on growth performance, carcass traits and humoral immune responses of broilers.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 30;5(3):314-318. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Animal Science, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, 8813733395, Iran.

The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of dried powder of L. (marigold) flower as an antibiotic growth promoter substitute on growth performance, organ weights, and immunological parameters in broilers. A total of 240 mixed sex broilers (Ross 308) at 1 d of age were individually weighed and randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 4 replicates of 15 birds for 6 wk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739258PMC
September 2019
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Vanadium in high-fat diets sourced from egg yolk decreases growth and antioxidative status of Wistar rats.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 2;5(3):307-313. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Animal Nutrition Institute, Key Laboratory of Animal Disease-Resistance Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture and Sichuan Province, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China.

The objective of this paper was to evaluate the effect of vanadium (V) in high-fat diets sourced from egg yolk on body weight gain, feed intake, blood characteristics and antioxidative status of Wistar rats. A total of 72 female Wistar rats were allocated according to a 2 × 4 factorial design throughout a 5-wk trial, including 2 levels of dietary fat (normal and high; ether extract 40.3 and 301. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737509PMC
September 2019

Grain free diets for utility dogs during training work: Evaluation of the nutrient digestibility and faecal characteristics.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 20;5(3):297-306. Epub 2019 May 20.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario Annunziata, Messina, 98168, Italy.

Two different diets characterized by the absence of cereals or by the presence of conventional cereals were evaluated on the nutrient digestibility and faecal characteristics and faecal fermentative end-product concentrations of 8 neutered adult Labrador retrievers housed at the Regional Centre Helen Keller (Messina, Italy) during the training work for the service guide for the blind. Dogs (age = 17 ± 1 months, initial body weight [BW] = 26.3 ± 1 kg, and body condition score [BCS] = 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737487PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Daily expression of sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter-1 protein in jejunum during rat ontogeny.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 27;5(3):290-296. Epub 2019 Apr 27.

Laboratorio de Biología Integrativa "Prof. E. Caviedes Codelia", Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, San Luis D5700HHW, Argentina.

It is widely known that intestinal capacities such as the enzymatic hydrolysis of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, and the subsequent absorption of the hydrolyzed products, are evolutionary matched to dietary loads and feeding behaviors. In this study, we demonstrate that the protein expression of apically located sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter-1 (SGLT-1) throughout rat ontogeny is daily adjusted to afford glucose uptake when the load of this metabolically essential monosaccharide in the intestinal lumen is maximum. The jejunal expression of SGLT-1 protein in 14 one-day-old suckling pups was found to increase at dark and early light phase ( < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737494PMC
September 2019

Influence of dietary hydrogenated palm oil supplementation on serum biochemistry and progesterone levels in dairy goats.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 26;5(3):286-289. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, 80137, Italy.

The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of hydrogenated palm oil (HPO) added to a dairy goat diet on serum biochemistry and progesterone levels. Thirty pregnant Cilentana dairy goats were equally divided into 2 groups (control [CTR] and HPO groups). After kidding, concentrated feed for both groups was gradually increased up to 400 g/(animal·d), and the HPO group received 50 g/(animal·d) of HPO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.03.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737491PMC
September 2019

Peanut skin in diet alters average daily gain, ruminal and blood metabolites, and carcass traits associated with infection in meat goats.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 24;5(3):278-285. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Department of Animal Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA.

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of tannin-rich peanut skin (PS) supplementation on growth performance, ruminal and blood metabolites, and carcass traits associated with internal parasite infection in meat goats under confined conditions. Twenty-one Kiko crossbred male goats were blocked by body weight (BW) and randomly assigned to one of 3 treatment groups. Experimental diets contained different levels of peanut () skin replacing alfalfa () pellets (ALP) in a control diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737499PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Effects of phytonutrients on growth performance, antioxidative status, and energy utilization of broilers fed low energy diets.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 19;5(3):270-277. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of phytonutrients (PN) on growth performance, antioxidant status, intestinal morphology, and nutrient utilization of birds fed low energy diets. In Exp. 1, a total of 1,440 one-day-old Ross 308 male broiler chickens were randomly divided into 3 treatment groups, with 16 replicates per treatment (48 pens; 30 birds per pen). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.03.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737493PMC
September 2019
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Expression of antioxidant genes in broiler chickens fed nettle () and its link with pulmonary hypertension.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 9;5(3):264-269. Epub 2019 May 9.

Department of Animal Science, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, 88186-34141, Iran.

Nettle () contains a wide range of chemical constituents that confer a strong antioxidant capacity to the plant. The present study was to investigate the antioxidant gene expression and pulmonary hypertensive responses of broiler chickens to . A total of 240 one-d-old broilers (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to 4 dietary levels of (0, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.04.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737495PMC
September 2019

Dietary sources and levels of selenium supplements affect growth performance, carcass yield, meat quality and tissue selenium deposition in broilers.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 17;5(3):256-263. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Rural Science and Agriculture, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.

This study examined the effects of sources and levels of selenium (Se) on performance, carcass parts yield, meat quality and tissue Se concentration in broilers. A total of 960 one-day-old male broilers were divided into 8 treatments in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement. Chicks were penned in groups of 20 with 6 pens per group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737497PMC
September 2019

Effects of dietary fiber and threonine on performance, intestinal morphology and immune responses in broiler chickens.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 22;5(3):248-255. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Animal Science Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education & Extension Organization (AREEO), Isfahan, 81785-199, Iran.

The present experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fiber and threonine (Thr) on growth performance, intestinal morphology and immune responses of broiler chickens. A total of 420 one-day-old mixed sex broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly divided into 6 experimental diets and 5 replicates of 14 chicks based on a factorial arrangement (2 × 3) from 1 to 42 d of age. Experimental factors included dietary supplemental fiber type (no supplemental fiber [NSF], 30 g/kg sugar beet pulp [SBP] or 30 g/kg rice hull [RH]) and Thr inclusion level (100% or 110% of Thr requirement recommended by breeder company [Ross 308]). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739262PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Antioxidant response and bioavailability of methionine hydroxy analog relative to DL-methionine in broiler chickens.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 2;5(3):241-247. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

This study was designed to compare the effect of methionine (Met) sources (DL-methionine [DLM] and DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylthio-butanoic acid [HMTBa]) and their supplementation levels on broiler growth performance and redox state. A 2 × 2 factorial arrangement was used with 2 sources (DLM and HMTBa) and 2 supplementation levels (0.05% and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737507PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Basal diet and indigestible marker influence apparent digestibilities of nitrogen and amino acids of cottonseed meal and soybean meal in pigs.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 5;5(3):234-240. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

This study was to determine the apparent ileal nitrogen (N) and amino acid digestibilities of cottonseed meal (CSM) and soybean meal (SBM) in simple carbohydrate-based and more complex wheat-based diets. Twenty five Large White × Landrace boars (40.9 kg) were randomly allocated to one of 5 dietary treatments: a wheat diet, 40% CSM in either a sugar:starch (1:1) or wheat-based diet, or 40% SBM in either a sugar:starch or wheat-based diet for 14 d. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.02.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737563PMC
September 2019

Impact of zinc and arginine on antioxidant status of weanling piglets raised under commercial conditions.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 5;5(3):227-233. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Département des Sciences Animales, Université Laval, Québec, G1V 0A6, Canada.

The effects of dietary zinc and L-arginine supplements on the weight gain, feed efficiency, antioxidant capacity and oxidative status of weanling piglets raised under commercial conditions were examined. A total of 288 piglets aged 21 d were fed for 15 d a diet supplemented or not with 2,500 mg/kg of zinc (provided as zinc oxide) and 1% L-arginine·HCl. The 4 treatments were distributed in a randomized complete block design with 6 initial body weight categories (12 animals per pen). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737496PMC
September 2019

Fermentation characteristics of resistant starch, arabinoxylan, and β-glucan and their effects on the gut microbial ecology of pigs: A review.

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 9;5(3):217-226. Epub 2019 May 9.

Department of Human Nutrition Food and Animal Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, HI 96822, USA.

Dietary fibers (DF) contain an abundant amount of energy, although the mammalian genome does not encode most of the enzymes required to degrade them. However, a mutual dependence is developed between the host and symbiotic microbes, which has the potential to extract the energy present in these DF. Dietary fibers escape digestion in the foregut and are fermented in the hindgut, producing short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) that alter the microbial ecology in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of pigs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737498PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Glycerol use in dairy diets: A systemic review.

Authors:
Ahmed E Kholif

Anim Nutr 2019 Sep 22;5(3):209-216. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Dairy Science Department, National Research Centre, 33 Bohouth St. Dokki, Giza, 12622, Egypt.

There is an increasing interest in the production of biodiesel as bio-renewable fuel source, with numerous biofuel byproducts becoming available. The annual productions of biodiesel and crude glycerol were 34.5 and 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739259PMC
September 2019

Sampling duration and freezing temperature influence the analysed gastric inositol phosphate composition of pigs fed diets with different levels of phytase.

Anim Nutr 2019 Jun 22;5(2):196-201. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.

This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of time and freezing temperature during sampling on gastric phytate (-inositol [MYO] hexakisphosphate [InsP]), lower inositol phosphates (InsP) and MYO concentrations in pigs fed diets containing different levels of phytase. Forty pigs were fed 1 of 4 wheat-barley diets on an basis for 28 d. The diets comprised a nutritionally adequate positive control (PC), a similar diet but with Ca and P reduced by 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.12.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544748PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Pre-cecal phosphorus digestibility for corn, wheat, soybean meal, and corn gluten meal in growing Japanese quails from 28 to 32 d of age.

Anim Nutr 2019 Jun 25;5(2):148-151. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Zabol, Zabol 98661-5538, Iran.

The optimization of dietary phosphorus (P) depends on precise details of the P availability in feed ingredients to avoid excess or deficient P in a mixed diet. This study was carried out to measure the apparent ileal digestibility of P for corn, wheat, soybean meal, and corn gluten meal in growing Japanese quails from 28 to 32 d posthatch. A total of 400 quail chicks were randomly distributed across 5 treatments with 4 replicates and 20 birds in each floor pen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544747PMC
June 2019
1 Read

Influence of fibre and betaine on development of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers between hatch and 14 d of age.

Anim Nutr 2019 Jun 26;5(2):163-173. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, 81531-900, Brazil.

An experiment was designed to determine the influence of fibre and betaine on the development of the intestine, liver and pancreas of broilers from hatch to 14 d of age. A total of 250-day-old Cobb 500 male broilers were allocated to 16 cages with 15 broilers each. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 4 factorial design, consisting of 2 feed formulations (low and high fibre diets) and 4 levels of betaine (0, 1, 3 or 5 kg/t). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544582PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Dietary organic acid and fiber sources affect performance, intestinal morphology, immune responses and gut microflora in broilers.

Anim Nutr 2019 Jun 22;5(2):156-162. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Department of Animal Science, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, 66177-15175, Iran.

This experiment was designed to investigate the effects of a dietary organic acid (OA) mixture and 2 fiber sources on performance, intestinal morphology, immune responses and gut microflora in broilers. A total of 390 one-day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were allocated to 6 dietary treatments with 5 replicate pens and 13 chicks each based on a factorial arrangement (2 × 3) in a completely randomized design. The experiment lasted 42 d. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544572PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Reduced dietary nitrogen with a high Lys:CP ratio restricted dietary N excretion without negatively affecting weaned piglets.

Anim Nutr 2019 Jun 2;5(2):115-123. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutritional Physiology and Metabolic Process, Key Laboratory of Agro-Ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, National Engineering Laboratory for Pollution Control and Waste Utilization in Livestock and Poultry Production, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha, 410125, China.

We hypothesized that balancing the content of exogenous amino acids, especially lysine, to reduce protein content in swine diets could reduce nitrogen (N) pollution associated with animal husbandry. Two experiments (45 d each experiment) were performed on weaned piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire, 28 d of age) to test this and to determine the optimal lysine to crude protein (Lys:CP) ratio in diet. In Exp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2019.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544577PMC
June 2019
1 Read