255 results match your criteria Animal nutrition Zhongguo xu mu shou yi xue hui[Journal]


Effects of extracts on lipid oxidation in fish feeds and growth performance of juvenile Jian carp ( var. Jian).

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 24;5(1):109-114. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

College of Life Sciences, Neijiang Normal University, Sichuan, Neijiang, 641000, China.

The study was to explore the effect of the extracts of (EAs) on lipid oxidation in fish feeds compared with ethoxyquin (EQ) and the effect of dietary EAs on growth performance of carp ( var. Jian). Firstly, fish feeds were respectively added with EQ, and ethyl ether extract, ethyl acetate extract (EAE), acetone extract, ethanol extract (EE) and aqueous extract (AQE) of , except for the control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406982PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

A β-glucosidase-producing M-2 strain: Isolation from cow dung and fermentation parameter optimization for flaxseed cake.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 22;5(1):101-108. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China.

Flaxseed cake contains cyanogenic glucosides, which can be metabolized into hydrocyanic acid in an animal's body, leading to asphyxia poisoning in cells. Beta-glucosidase is highly efficient in degrading cyanogenic glucosides. The Cattle may have β-glucosidase-producing strains in the intestinal tract after eating small amounts of flaxseed cake for a long time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407096PMC

Influence of drying technique on chemical composition and ruminal degradability of subtropical L.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 24;5(1):95-100. Epub 2018 Mar 24.

Agricultural Research Council, Animal Production Institute, Private Bag X2, Irene 0062, South Africa.

The experiment investigated the influence of forage drying methods on the dry-matter digestibility of foliage from varieties (ICEAP 00557, ICEAP 01514 and CIMMYT100/01). These leaves were harvested at week 20 of growth and either oven- or shade-dried and analysed for chemical components and rumen degradability. Three rumen fistulated lactating Holstein cows (430 ± 18 kg live weight) were used to evaluate ruminal degradation kinetics using and procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406990PMC

Feeding of processed vegetable wastes to bulls and its potential environmental benefit.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 12;5(1):87-94. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Livestock Production Systems Branch, Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, 00100 Rome, Italy.

The study was conducted with the objectives to quantify year round availability of different vegetables waste (VW) in a wholesale market and to determine the inclusion level of a processed VW (VWP) in the diets of bulls. The daily VW biomass availability at Kawran bazaar, Dhaka, Bangladesh was quantified by weighing the vegetable supply and their wastes by visiting 2 days in a week. Concurrently, VW of cucumber, bitter gourd, spotted gourd, brinjal, pumpkin, potato, tomato, ladies finger, and snake gourd representing 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406980PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Involvement of Quebracho tannins in diet alters productive and reproductive efficiency of postpartum buffalo cows.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 13;5(1):80-86. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Animal and Fish Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, El-Shatby, Alexandria, P.O. Box 21545, Egypt.

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of 10 weeks supplementation of Quebracho tannins (QT; 0 [control], 100 [QT] or 200 g/[cow·d] [QT]) to 30 multiparous postpartum buffalo cows (10 cows per group) on milk yield and composition, blood metabolites and reproductive performance. Supplementation of QT had no significant effect on milk yield, whereas QT decreased ( < 0.05) this trait. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407090PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and slaughter traits of male fattening lambs under different feeding standards.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 2;5(1):74-79. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Feed Research Institute/Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.

This study compared the growth performance, nutrient utilization, and slaughter traits of Dorper crossbred male lambs fed as per the established nutrition recommendations for sheep, with an aim to verify the efficacy of different feeding standards. A total of 576 lambs (4 months of age, 28.3 ± 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.07.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406989PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

On growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood T lymphocyte subsets, and cardiac antioxidant status of broilers.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 25;5(1):68-73. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Feed Nutrition Engineering Laboratory of Henan Province, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450002, China.

Different lipid sources differ in the fatty acid profiles and differently affect growth performance as well as immune function of broilers. The influences of different dietary lipid sources on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood T lymphocyte population, and cardiac antioxidant status were investigated of broilers. A total of 360 one-day-old male broilers (BW = 44 ± 3 g) were randomized into 3 treatment groups, consisting of 6 replicates with 20 birds in each group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407071PMC

Influence of dietary carbohydrases, individually or in combination with phytase or an acidifier, on performance, gut morphology and microbial population in broiler chickens fed a wheat-based diet.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 28;5(1):63-67. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand.

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of dietary carbohydrases (xylanase and β-glucanase; XG), individually or in combination with phytase or acidifier on the growth performance, carcass attributes, intestinal microbial counts and morphology in broiler chickens fed a wheat-based diet. A total of 240 one-day-old male broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 4 treatment groups with 6 replicates of 10 birds each. The dietary treatments included a basal diet, the basal diet with an enzyme complex containing XG, XG plus a microbial phytase (XG + P) and XG plus acidifier (XG + A). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407079PMC

Effect of arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides and arabinoxylans on net energy and nutrient utilization in broilers.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 15;5(1):56-62. Epub 2018 May 15.

University of New England, School of Environmental and Rural Science, Armidale, NSW, 2351, Australia.

Arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides (AXOS) are hydrolytic degradation products of arabinoxylans (AX) that can be fermented by the gut microbiota, thus potentially displaying prebiotic properties. This study examined the effects of AX and AXOS on net energy (NE) and nutrient utilization in broilers. Ross 308 broilers ( = 90, 30 birds per treatment) were fed wheat-soybean diets supplemented with pure AX, AXOS produced by exposing the AX to xylanase (AXOS), or AX with xylanase (AX + E) from d 10 to 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407086PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Productive performance, egg quality, hematological parameters and serum chemistry of laying hens fed diets supplemented with certain fat-soluble vitamins, individually or combined, during summer season.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 14;5(1):49-55. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.

This present study aimed to determine the efficacy of supplementing layer diets with vitamin A (0, 8,000 and 16,000 IU/kg diet) and vitamin E (0, 250 and 500 mg/kg diet) either individually or in combination on egg production and quality, and blood hematology and chemistry of birds reared under summer conditions. A total of 135 Bovans Brown laying hens were distributed to 9 treatment groups with 5 replicates of 3 hens/pen in a 3 × 3 factorial design. A significant improvement in feed conversion ratio (FCR) was observed as supplementary vitamin A or E increased ( ≤ 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407074PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Growth performance, gastrointestinal weight, microbial metabolites and apparent retention of components in broiler chickens fed up to 11% rice bran in a corn-soybean meal diet without or with a multi-enzyme supplement.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 27;5(1):41-48. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

We investigated the effects of adding up to 11% rice bran (RB) in corn-soybean meal diets fed to broiler chickens without or with a multi-enzyme supplement (MES). The MES supplied xylanase, β-glucanase, invertase, protease, cellulase, α-amylase and mannanase with targeted activity of 2,500, 300, 700, 10,000, 1,200, 24,000, and 20 U/kg of feed, respectively. The study used a two-phase feeding program (starter, d 0 to 24; finisher, d 25 to 35) with RB added at 5% and 11%, respectively creating 4 diets in each phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407072PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Performance effects of feed-borne mycotoxins on broiler chickens: Influences of timing and duration of exposure.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 25;5(1):32-40. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A8, Canada.

In commercial practice, broiler chickens may be exposed to mycotoxins either during specific growth stages or throughout the entire production cycle. A 34-day feeding trial was conducted to identify sensitive periods for mycotoxin effects during the growth cycle of broiler chickens. A total of 420 newly-hatched Ross 308 male broilers were randomly assigned to 60 cages with 7 birds/cage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.08.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407085PMC

Broiler gut microbiota and expressions of gut barrier genes affected by cereal type and phytogenic inclusion.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 19;5(1):22-31. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855, Athens, Greece.

The present study assessed the effects of cereal type and the inclusion level of a phytogenic feed additive (PFA) on broiler ileal and cecal gut microbiota composition, volatile fatty acids (VFA) and gene expression of toll like receptors (), tight junction proteins, mucin 2 () and secretory immunoglobulin A (). Depending on cereal type (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407073PMC

Review on docosahexaenoic acid in poultry and swine nutrition: Consequence of enriched animal products on performance and health characteristics.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 11;5(1):11-21. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

AB Vista, Marlborough, Wiltshire, SN8 4AN, United Kingdom.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are linked to a variety of health benefits against human disorders and disease. However, the typical western diet is generally low in n-3 PUFA and high in n-6 PUFA, suggesting that the recommended intake of these essential fatty acids is seldom achieved. Therefore, dietary enrichment of animal meat and eggs with n-3 PUFA could help increase consumption of these fatty acids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406981PMC

Recent advances in fermented feeds towards improved broiler chicken performance, gastrointestinal tract microecology and immune responses: A review.

Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 6;5(1):1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Animal Science (Immunology and Microbiology), Aarhus University, Tjele DK-8830, Denmark.

Previously, fermentation has been associated with methods that improve the nutritional value of unconventional feed ingredients for broilers. In recent decades, the fermentation process has been employed to produce functional feeds that have the potential to improve broiler gastrointestinal tract microecology, health and production performance. Some of the functional ingredients found in fermented feed include lactic acid bacteria (LAB), lactic acid and other organic acids, and appear to play major roles in determining the beneficial effects of fermented feed on broiler gut health and performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407077PMC

Impact of on-range choice feeding with black soldier fly larvae () on flock performance, egg quality, and range use of free-range laying hens.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 4;4(4):452-460. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Faculty of Science, Agriculture, Business and Law, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.

Semi-intensive free-range farm systems are common in Australia, and these systems frequently practise on-range feeding. The objective of this study was to investigate the benefit of on-range choice feeding on flock performance, egg quality, and range use of free-range laying hens using black soldier fly larvae (, BSF). A total of 160 mature ISA brown laying hens, previously determined to range daily, were allocated to a control group (control) or a treatment group (BSF) with various replicates depending on the parameter investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.03.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284222PMC
December 2018

Processing techniques of selected oilseed by-products of potential use in animal feed: Effects on proximate nutrient composition, amino acid profile and antinutrients.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 3;4(4):442-451. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Section for Aquaculture, DTU Aqua, Technical University of Denmark, The North Sea Science Park, Hirtshals DK-9850, Denmark.

The effects of processing by autoclaving (AC), soaking (SK), short-term fermentation (S-TF, 4 d) and long-term fermentation (L-TF, 14 d) on the nutritional composition, amino acid profile and some antinutrients were determined for cottonseed meal (CSM), groundnut meal (GNM) and groundnut husk (GH) in this study. After processing, crude protein content improved by 11% after L-TF, and crude lipid content 25% after SK for CSM; crude protein content improved by 27% after S-TF and L-TF, and crude lipid content 13% after SK for GNM. Soaking and fermentation were shown to significantly increase essential amino acid contents by 44% (SK, methionine) in CSM and 46% in GNM (L-TF, histidine). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284244PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of 16 sources of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS).

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 28;4(4):435-441. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA.

Corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is a co-product of the fuel ethanol industry that is an excellent source of energy, digestible amino acids, and digestible phosphorus. However, the antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of DDGS and how it is influenced by production parameters is unknown. Therefore, 16 DDGS samples obtained from different ethanol production plants in the U. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545183010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.07.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284320PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Nutritional value of detoxified seed cake protein isolates using rats as an animal model.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 7;4(4):429-434. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

A bioassay study was conducted to investigate the effects of substituting casein with graded levels of detoxified seed cake protein isolates (JPI) as a protein source on the growth performance, feed efficiency ratio (FER) and its protein values using rats as an animal model. Thirty 21-day-old male Sprague-Dawley weaned rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, each group with 6 replications ( = 1). Each group consumed one of the following diets: protein-free, casein (CAS) and JPI diets (JPI JPI and JPI; different levels of JPI to replace the casein at concentrations of 20%, 40% and 60% on crude protein basis). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284225PMC
December 2018

Increased dietary intake of tyrosine upregulates melanin deposition in the hair of adult black-coated dogs.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 16;4(4):422-428. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

Royal Canin Research Centre, 30470 Aimargues, France.

The principle determinant of melanin derived hair colour and patterning in mammals is genetic, but environmental factors are now thought to play a role. It has been shown that the concentration of melanins in cat hair is influenced by the amino acid composition of their diets. Also, puppies were found to require tyrosine (Tyr) intake significantly greater than that recommended for normal growth and development in order to optimize melanin expression in their coats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.02.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286625PMC
December 2018

Lentil straw (): An alternative and nutritious feed resource for kids.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 14;4(4):417-421. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mhow, Madhya Pradesh 453446, India.

The scarcity of feed resources with the continuously increasing cost of usual animal feeds urgently demands searching some alternate feeds for ruminants. In this study, Barberi male kids were divided into 4 groups of 5 kids (body weight 17.5 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286626PMC
December 2018

Thyme oil inclusion levels in a rabbit ration: Evaluation of productive performance, carcass criteria and meat quality under hot environmental conditions.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 6;4(4):410-416. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Department of Agriculture-Animal Science, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff, AR 71601, USA.

The aim of this study was to determine the impact of thyme essential oil supplementation in rabbit rations on performance, carcass criteria, and meat quality under hot environmental conditions. A total of 75, 4-week-old Californian male rabbits were assigned to 5 dietary treatments until 12 weeks of age. The rabbits were reared in an open house system (38 °C average ambient temperature and 26% to 35% relative humidity). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284221PMC
December 2018

Development of an protein digestibility assay mimicking the chicken digestive tract.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 7;4(4):401-409. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5A8, Saskatchewan, Canada.

It is difficult to obtain digestion kinetics data of high protein ingredients using chickens. Collecting kinetics data requires repeated sampling of digesta from the small intestine during the digestion process, which is not easily accomplished due to the anatomical structure of chicken digestive tract. An technique is proposed for measuring the digestion kinetics of protein sources fed to chickens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286628PMC
December 2018

Effect of supplementing layer hen diet with phytogenic feed additives on laying performance, egg quality, egg lipid peroxidation and blood biochemical constituents.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 10;4(4):394-400. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Menoufia, Shibin El-kom 32514, Egypt.

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementing laying hen diet with phytogenic additives on laying performance, egg quality, blood constituents and egg lipid peroxidation. Two hundred Lohmann Brown Lite laying hens were randomly allotted to 4 dietary treatments: control (without phytogenic additive), fennel seeds (5 g/kg), black cumin seeds (5 g/kg) and hot red pepper (5 g/kg). Each of the 4 diets was fed to 5 replicates of 10 hens for 8 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286622PMC
December 2018

Impact of essential oils and organic acids on the growth performance, digestive functions and immunity of broiler chickens.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 26;4(4):388-393. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, 712100, China.

The aim of the experiment was to study the effects of feeding blends of sorbic acid, fumaric acid, and thymol (EOA) on growth performance, digestive functions, and immunity of broiler chickens. A total of 640 one-day-old male Cobb 500 chicks with similar BW (41.8 ± 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284223PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Ultrastructure of the gastro intestinal tract of healthy Japanese quail () using light and scanning electron microscopy.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 7;4(4):378-387. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Central Queensland University, Institute for Future Farming Systems, Rockhampton, Queensland, 4702, Australia.

The Japanese quail () are popular both as an alternative protein source and as a model of choice for scientific research in several disciplines. There is limited published information on the histological features of the intestinal tract of Japanese quail. The only comprehensive reference is a book published in 1969. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284323PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Diet supplementation with an organic acids-based formulation affects gut microbiota and expression of gut barrier genes in broilers.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 16;4(4):367-377. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 118 55 Athens, Greece.

This study was designed to study the effect of diet supplementation with an organic acids-based formulation (OABF) on luminal- and mucosa-associated bacteria, concentration of volatile fatty acids (VFA), microbial glycolytic enzyme activity and expression of mucin 2 (), immunoglobulin A () and tight junction protein, i.e., zonula occludens-1 (), zonula occludens-2 (), claudin-1 (), claudin-5 () and occludin (), genes at the ileal and cecal level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.03.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284220PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Effect of and B10 on gut microbiota modulation in broilers.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 3;4(4):358-366. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, College of Animal Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

The gut microbiota plays important roles in animal overall health and productiveness. Balancing host gut microbiota by probiotics has been documented. Our previous study showed that () and B10 () significantly improve growth performance and modulate the intestinal histomorphology in broilers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.03.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284224PMC
December 2018

Productive performance of commercial growing and finishing pigs supplemented with a phytase as a total replacement of inorganic phosphate.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 27;4(4):351-357. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Danisco Animal Nutrition, DuPont Industrial Biosciences, St. Louis, MO 63167, USA.

The objective of this study was to test if a novel phytase from sp. can replace all added inorganic phosphate in a diet with reduced Ca and metabolizable energy (ME) fed to commercial pigs from 12 kg body weight (BW) until slaughter, whilst maintaining performance and carcass quality parameters. Four dietary treatments were tested in a completely randomized design with 9 replicate pens, each containing 31 mixed sex Newsham Choice pigs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.02.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284321PMC
December 2018

Impact of xylanases on gut microbiota of growing pigs fed corn- or wheat-based diets.

Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 24;4(4):339-350. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada.

This study investigated the effects of xylanase supplementations with cereal-based diets on nutrient digestibility and gut microbiota of growing pigs. A total of 96 individually penned pigs (initial BW = 22.7 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284322PMC
December 2018

Analysis of oral microorganism diversity in healthy individuals before and after chewing areca nuts using PCR-denatured gradient gel electrophoresis.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 9;4(3):294-299. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

College of Food Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China.

To analyze oral microbial diversity in the saliva of 8 healthy individuals before and after chewing areca nuts. Saliva samples were collected before chewing areca nuts, after chewing areca nuts for 5 min and after chewing areca nuts for 30 min. DNA was extracted, and microbial diversity was examined using PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117735PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Oral administration of dibutyryl adenosine cyclophosphate improved growth performance in weaning piglets by enhancing lipid fatty acids metabolism.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 6;4(3):260-264. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Hunan Co-Innovation Center of Safety Animal Production, College of Animal Science and Technology and College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Dibutyryl adenosine cyclophosphate (dbcAMP-Ca), an analog of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), plays greater roles in regulating physiological activities and energy metabolism than cAMP. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oral administration of dbcAMP-Ca on growth performance and fatty acids metabolism in weaning piglets. A total of 14 early weaning piglets (7 ± 1 d of age, 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117734PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

L-leucine stimulates glutamate dehydrogenase activity and glutamate synthesis by regulating mTORC1/SIRT4 pathway in pig liver.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 28;4(3):329-337. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

The liver is the most essential organ for the metabolism of ammonia, in where most of ammonia is removed by urea and glutamine synthesis. Regulated by leucine, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) catalyzes the reversible inter-conversion of glutamate to ammonia. To determine the mechanism of leucine regulating GDH, pigs weighing 20 ± 1 kg were infused for 80 min with ammonium chloride or alanine in the presence or absence of leucine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116330PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Roles of dietary supplementation with arginine or N-carbamylglutamate in modulating the inflammation, antioxidant property, and mRNA expression of antioxidant-relative signaling molecules in the spleen of rats under oxidative stress.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 3;4(3):322-328. Epub 2018 Mar 3.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

This study evaluated the effects of arginine (Arg) or N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) on inflammation, antioxidant property, and antioxidant-related gene expression in rat spleen under oxidative stress. A total of 52 rats were randomly distributed into 4 treatment groups with 13 replicates per group. Rats were fed a basal diet (BD) or BD supplemented with Arg or NCG for 30 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116323PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Leucine modulates the IPEC-J2 cell proteome associated with cell proliferation, metabolism and phagocytosis.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 5;4(3):316-321. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130033, China.

Leucine can affect intestinal protein expressions, and improve mucosal immune function. However, little study has been conducted to determine the change of protein component by leucine treatment in intestine epithelial cells. The present study was to cover the key proteins and cell pathways that could be regulated by leucine treatment in porcine intestinal epithelial cell line (IPEC-J2) cells with the approach of proteome analysis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.03.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116325PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Role of D-aspartate on biosynthesis, racemization, and potential functions: A mini-review.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 16;4(3):311-315. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Key Laboratory of Agro-Ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, National Engineering Laboratory for Pollution Control and Waste Utilization in Livestock and Poultry Production, Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center for Healthy Livestock and Poultry Production, Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South-Central, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China.

D-aspartate, a natural and endogenous amino acid, widely exists in animal tissues and can be synthesized through aspartate racemase and transformed by D-aspartate oxidase (DDO). D-aspartate mainly serves as a neurotransmitter and has been demonstrated to exhibit various physiological functions, including nutritional potential, regulation on reproduction and hormone biology, and neuron protection. This article mainly reviews the synthesis, racemization, and physiological functions of D-aspartate with emphasis on the potential in diseases. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116324PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Application of resistant starch in swine and poultry diets with particular reference to gut health and function.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 13;4(3):305-310. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada.

The immediate post-weaning period poses a major challenge on the survival of piglets. Similarly, newly hatched chicks face life threatening challenges due to enteric infections. In the past several years, in-feed antibiotics have been used to reduce these production problems and improve growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116817PMC
September 2018
10 Reads

Enzyme activity and phosphate uptake in the small intestine of Sprague Dawley rats improved by supplementation of infant formula with prebiotics.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 10;4(3):300-304. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China.

This study was to identify the effects of prebiotics supplemented in infant formula on enzyme activity and phosphate uptake in the small intestine of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Forty-eight healthy SD rats at 15 days old (a week before weaning) with similar weight were randomly divided into 3 groups: A (control group), B, C, with 16 rats per group. Rats in groups A, B, C were fed a standard infant formula, the standard infant formula supplemented with oligosaccharides, and the standard infant formula supplemented with polysaccharides, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116332PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Inhibitory effect of blue honeysuckle extract on high-fat-diet-induced fatty liver in mice.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 27;4(3):288-293. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Core Research Program 1515, Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Blue honeysuckle is rich in polyphenols, and recently receiving attention because of its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease that develops hepatic inflammation and metabolic syndrome. The present study aims to study the effect of blue honeysuckle extract (BHE) on fat deposition and hepatic lipid peroxidation in a high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced mouse model. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.06.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116862PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Extraction, identification, and antioxidant property evaluation of limonin from pummelo seeds.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 20;4(3):281-287. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Key Laboratory for Food Science and Biotechnology of Hunan Province, College of Food Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China.

Limonin, the main bioactive phytochemical constituent of limonoids with multi-functions, is enriched in citrus fruits and often found at a high concentration in citrus seeds. The present study was attempted to introduce a new and efficient extraction method to isolate limonoids from pummelo seeds, and to evaluate the antioxidant property of the main constituent limonin in HepG2 cells. Three key single factors were identified for the extraction of limonoids from pummelo seeds using the Box-Behnken experiment design of response surface methodology (RSM), and the optimized extraction parameters were treatment with 89. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116831PMC
September 2018
19 Reads

Potential antioxidant bioactive peptides from camel milk proteins.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 4;4(3):273-280. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan.

Camel milk is traditionally considered to have medicinal characteristics that it has potential health benefits and could help to treat several illnesses. Particularly, it is closest to human breast milk and has high levels of nutrients and bioactive components. The aim of this study was to explore the antioxidant peptides derived from protein fractions of camel milk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116331PMC
September 2018
22 Reads

Dietary L-theanine alleviated lipopolysaccharide-induced immunological stress in yellow-feathered broilers.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 23;4(3):265-272. Epub 2018 May 23.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China.

L-theanine, a natural nonprotein amino acid with a high biological activity, is reported to exert anti-stress properties. An experiment with a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary L-theanine on growth performance and immune function in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged broilers. A total of 432 one-day-old male yellow-feathered broilers were randomly assigned to 3 dietary treatments (control, antibiotic and L-theanine diets) with 2 subgroups of each (6 replicate cages; 12 birds/cage). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116832PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Comparison of fatty acid profile of three adipose tissues in pigs.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 7;4(3):256-259. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Hunan Co-Innovation Center of Animal Production Safety, College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

The present study is conducted to determinate fatty acids (FA) composition in 3 adipose tissues. Subcutaneous and perirenal adipose tissues were prepared from 24 castrated boars and 24 castrated gilts fattened by a traditional diet for 56 d, respectively. The results showed that the FA profile in the 3 adipose tissues (dorsal subcutaneous adipose [DSA], abdominal subcutaneous adipose [ASA], and perirenal adipose [PA]) differed greatly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116333PMC
September 2018
20 Reads

Animals as sources of food-borne pathogens: A review.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 4;4(3):250-255. Epub 2018 May 4.

Departamento de Microbiología e Inmunología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Apdo. Postal 124-F, Ciudad Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, 66455, Mexico.

Food-producing animals are the major reservoirs for many foodborne pathogens such as species, non-Typhi serotypes of , Shiga toxin-producing strains of , and . The zoonotic potential of foodborne pathogens and their ability to produce toxins causing diseases or even death are sufficient to recognize the seriousness of the situation. This manuscript reviews the evidence that links animals as vehicles of the foodborne pathogens , Shiga toxigenic , and , their impact, and their current status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116329PMC
September 2018

Use of probiotics and botanical extracts to improve ruminant production in the tropics: A review.

Anim Nutr 2018 Sep 23;4(3):241-249. Epub 2018 May 23.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Ruminant production, especially in the tropics and developing countries suffers a setback when compared with the temperate and developed countries, which is attributable to the kinds of available feed resources in the region of production. In the tropics, ruminants are restricted to grazing on low-quality forages, crop residues and agro-industrial by-products with very little or no concentrate diets, which adversely affect the animals in exhibiting their full production potential. Considering this fact, there is an increasing interest in improving the digestibility of these feed resources. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116326PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Evaluation of one-alpha-hydroxy-cholecalciferol alone or in combination with cholecalciferol in Ca-P deficiency diets on development of tibial dyschondroplasia in broiler chickens.

Anim Nutr 2018 Mar 7;4(1):109-112. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Department of Animal Science, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan 8155139999, Iran.

This experiment was conducted to determine whether dietary cholecalciferol will alleviate a calcium and phosphorous (Ca-P) deficiency when one-alpha-hydroxy-cholecalciferol, 1α(OH)D, is supplemented, and to determine the effects of adequate and inadequate Ca-P when 1α(OH)D is supplemented and vitamin D is adequate. A total of 144 one-d-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were allocated to 3 treatments. The dietary treatments were as follows: treatment A, adequate Ca-P + cholecalciferol + 5 μg/kg 1α(OH)D; treatment B, inadequate Ca-P + cholecalciferol + 5 μg/kg 1α(OH)D; treatment C, inadequate Ca-P + 5 μg/kg 1α(OH)D. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545173013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112355PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Ruminal fermentation and microbial community differently influenced by four typical subtropical forages .

Anim Nutr 2018 Mar 2;4(1):100-108. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

College of Animal Science, Guangxi University, Nanning 530000, China.

The present study evaluated the effects of 4 typical subtropical forages on ruminal microbial community composition to formulate a better diet for buffalo. Corn straw silage, elephant grass, cassava residues and sugarcane tail silage were used as substrates for fermentation. Eight replicates were set up for every substrate, and fermentation was carried out in a 100-mL glass syringe, using buffalo rumen inoculum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.10.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112341PMC
March 2018
11 Reads

Inoculation and co-inoculation of alfalfa seedlings with root growth promoting microorganisms (, and ) affect molecular structures, nutrient profiles and availability of hay for ruminants.

Anim Nutr 2018 Mar 4;4(1):90-99. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Grasslands Research Centre, AgResearch Ltd., Palmerston North 11008, New Zealand.

Inoculation of alfalfa seedlings with root growth promoting microorganisms under semi-arid climate condition may improve biomass production and nutritive value. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of inoculation of alfalfa seedlings with (Pi) and co-inoculating Pi with (Gi + Pi) or (Sm + Pi) on hay yield, chemical composition, molecular structures by Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, ruminal degradability and gas production. Seedlings were grown in experimental pots in a greenhouse until first cut and then transferred outside and cut a further 4 times. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056545163020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.08.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112357PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Suitability of n-alkanes and chromium (III) oxide as digestibility markers in calves at the end of the milk feeding period supplemented with a prebiotic.

Anim Nutr 2018 Mar 26;4(1):84-89. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Braunschweig 38116, Germany.

Prebiotics reveal positive effects on the growth performance of pigs and poultry, and might influence intestinal microflora. This, in consequence, could alter recovery rates of digestibility markers. In the current study, we evaluated the suitability of chromium (III) oxide (CrO) and the synthetic alkanes n-dotriacontane (C32) and n-hexatriacontane (C36) as external markers for digestibility estimation compared with the standard total collection method in calves supplemented with galacto-oligosaccharides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.10.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112340PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of thyme and ajwain as antibiotic growth promoter substitutions on growth performance, carcass characteristics and serum biochemistry in Japanese quails ().

Anim Nutr 2018 Mar 18;4(1):79-83. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan 8155139999, Iran.

The present study was to evaluate thyme and ajwain as antibiotic growth promoter substitutions on growth performance, carcass characteristics and serum biochemistry in Japanese quails (). A feeding trial was conducted over 28 d with 4 groups of Japanese quails fed experimental diets formulated to provide no supplementation (control), or control + 55 mg zinc bacitracin/kg, 2 g thyme/kg, and 2 g ajwain/kg. At 35 d of age, 2 quails from each replicate were sacrificed and eviscerated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2017.09.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112356PMC