20,065 results match your criteria Animal Bites

Skin involvement in Francisella tularensis infection: a case report of two clinical cases.

Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2022 Jun;31(2):89-92

Department of Infectious Diseases, University Medical Center Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.

Tularemia, or rabbit fever, is a zoonotic infection caused by Francisella tularensis, a Gram-negative coccobacillus. F. tularensis subsp. Read More

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Spreading of Infection in a Pet Rabbit Breeding and Possible Implications on Healed Bunnies.

Vet Sci 2022 Jun 18;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", S. P. Casamassima km 3, 70010 Valenzano, Italy.

The number of pets such as dogs, cats, rabbits, and parrots has increased in European families. Social benefits to owners such as decreasing feelings of loneliness and anxiety are provided by pets which are also used in Animal-assisted Therapy (AAT). Nevertheless, human-animal interactions are also associated with health problems including allergies, asthma, and zoonosis. Read More

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Computer-Aided Analysis of West Sub-Saharan Africa Snakes Venom towards the Design of Epitope-Based Poly-Specific Antivenoms.

Toxins (Basel) 2022 Jun 18;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), Hospital Clínic-University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.

Snakebite envenomation is a neglected tropical disease that causes over 100,000 deaths each year. The only effective treatment consists of antivenoms derived from animal sera, but these have been deemed with highly variable potency and are usually inaccessible and too costly for victims. The production of antivenoms by venom-independent techniques, such as the immunization with multi-epitope constructs, could circumvent those drawbacks. Read More

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Description of human anti-rabies post-exposure prophylaxis care notifications in Brazil, 2014-2019.

Epidemiol Serv Saude 2022 ;31(2):e2021627

Ministério da Saúde, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brasil.

Objective: To analyze human anti-rabies post-exposure prophylaxis notifications in Brazil.

Methods: This was a descriptive study using data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System in Brazil, from 2014 to 2019.

Results: A total of 4,033,098 anti-rabies medical consultations were notified, averaging 672,183 a year. Read More

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Epidemiology of dog-related injuries within New Zealand.

N Z Med J 2022 May 6;135(1554):111-128. Epub 2022 May 6.

The University of Auckland, Auckland.

Aim: To describe the epidemiology of DRIs in New Zealand.

Methods: A review of Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) new claims for DRIs that required medical attention, and publicly funded hospital discharges identified from the National Minimum Dataset (NMDS) for the period of 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2019. ACC cases were identified using the TE60 READ code and relevant diagnosis or external agency descriptions; NMDS cases with an ICD-10-AM external cause of injury code of W540, W541, or W548 were included. Read More

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An audit of dog-related injury notification practices in a New Zealand public hospital.

N Z Med J 2022 Apr 14;135(1553):99-106. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Emergency Department, Middlemore Hospital, Otahuhu, Auckland.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the rate of notification by health professionals to an appropriate authority, for all DRIs that presented during the 2018/19 year to a New Zealand public hospital, and to describe the incidence and characteristics of these presentations.

Method: Data were obtained from all discharges from a New Zealand public hospital, with the primary external cause of injury code W54.0 (Bitten by Dog) + W54. Read More

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Assessment of malaria transmission intensity and insecticide resistance mechanisms in three rural areas of the Moyen Ogooué Province of Gabon.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jun 20;15(1):217. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Centre de Recherches Médicales de Lambaréné, Lambaréné, Gabon.

Background: Vector control is considered to be the most successful component of malaria prevention programs and a major contributor to the reduction of malaria incidence over the last two decades. However, the success of this strategy is threatened by the development of resistance to insecticides and behavioural adaptations of vectors. The aim of this study was to monitor malaria transmission and the distribution of insecticide resistance genes in Anopheles populations from three rural areas of the Moyen Ogooué Province of Gabon. Read More

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nAnopheles blood meal sources and entomological indicators related to Plasmodium transmission in malaria endemic areas of Colombia.

Acta Trop 2022 Jun 14:106567. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Grupo de Microbiología Molecular, Escuela de Microbiología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. Electronic address:

Malaria is an important public health problem, caused by Plasmodium parasites which are transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes that bite humans to obtain blood. The aim of this work was to identify the blood feeding sources of Anopheles female mosquitoes and calculate their entomological indices in relation to Plasmodium transmission. Mosquitoes were collected in malaria endemic localities of the Bajo Cauca and Pacific regions of Colombia using human landing catch and barrier screens, from 18:00 - 24:00 hr, in 2018-2021. Read More

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Neutralization of "Chaco eagle" (Buteogallus coronatus) serum on some activities of Bothrops spp. venoms.

Toxicon 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Laboratorio de Toxinopatología, Centro de Patología Experimental y Aplicada, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Caba, Argentina; Primera Cátedra de Toxicología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Caba, Argentina; Área Investigación y Desarrollo, Instituto Nacional de Producción de Biológicos - ANLIS "Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán", Caba, Argentina. Electronic address:

Several species of reptiles and mammals have components in their sera that can neutralize toxic components present in snake venoms. In this manuscript, we studied the neutralizing capacity of Chaco eagle's (Buteogallus coronatus) serum. This South American bird of prey eats snakes as a regular part of its diet and has anatomical features that protect from snakes' bites. Read More

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A review of public health important fleas (Insecta, Siphonaptera) and flea-borne diseases in India.

J Vector Borne Dis 2022 Jan-Mar;59(1):12-21

ICMR-Vector Control Research Centre Field Station, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Fleas (Insecta, Siphonaptera) are important vectors of plague and murine typhus in many parts of the world. Currently, about 2700 flea species were described in the world. The most common vector flea Xenopsylla cheopis is found throughout India, but X. Read More

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Entomological indicators of malaria transmission prior to a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a 'lethal house lure' intervention in central Côte d'Ivoire.

Malar J 2022 Jun 15;21(1):188. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Vector Control Product Evaluation Centre-Institut Pierre Richet (VCPEC-IPR), Institut Pierre Richet (IPR), Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire.

Background: A study was conducted prior to implementing a cluster-randomized controlled trial (CRT) of a lethal house lure strategy in central Côte d'Ivoire to provide baseline information on malaria indicators in 40 villages across five health districts.

Methods: Human landing catches (HLC) were performed between November and December 2016, capturing mosquitoes indoors and outdoors between 18.00 and 08. Read More

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Management of avian malaria in populations of high conservation concern.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jun 15;15(1):208. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

College of Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

Avian malaria is a vector-borne disease that is caused by Plasmodium parasites. These parasites are transmitted via mosquito bites and can cause sickness or death in a wide variety of birds, including many threatened and endangered species. This Primer first provides contextual background for the avian malaria system including the life cycle, geographic distribution and spread. Read More

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discovery of a human monoclonal antibody that neutralizes lethality of cobra snake venom.

MAbs 2022 Jan-Dec;14(1):2085536

IONTAS Ltd .; Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.

The monocled cobra () is among the most feared snakes in Southeast Asia due to its toxicity, which is predominantly derived from long-chain α-neurotoxins. The only specific treatment for snakebite envenoming is antivenom based on animal-derived polyclonal antibodies. Despite the lifesaving importance of these medicines, major limitations in safety, supply consistency, and efficacy create a need for improved treatments. Read More

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Subcutaneous Calcification at Honeybee Sting Site.

Indian Pediatr 2022 Jun;59(6):506

Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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From Insect Bites to a Skin Autoimmune Disease: A Conceivable Pathway to Endemic Pemphigus Foliaceus.

Front Immunol 2022 27;13:907424. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Dermatology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.

In the endemic variants of pemphigus foliaceus (PF), in Brazil and Tunisia, patients generate pathogenic IgG4 anti-desmoglein 1 autoantibodies. Additionally, these patients possess antibodies against salivary proteins from sand flies that react with Dsg1, which may lead to skin disease in susceptible individuals living in endemic areas. This minireview focuses on recent studies highlighting the possible role of salivary proteins from () in EPF from Brazil and () in EPF from Tunisia. Read More

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Assessment of rabies immune globulin dose rounding at a university health system.

Am J Emerg Med 2022 Jun 3;58:141-147. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Pharmacy, Wellstar Kennestone Hospital, 677 Church St., , Marietta, GA 30060, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: Describe a dose rounding strategy for rabies immune globulin (RIG) administration.

Methods: Multicenter, retrospective, observational review of patients that received RIG following an exposure from an animal with potential to transmit rabies infection in one health-system from March 2011 through December 2021. The primary outcome was to describe the RIG dose rounding strategy and population of patients that received RIG rounded to the nearest vial size compared to those that did not. Read More

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[Shark attacks in New Caledonia from 1958 to 2020: a review of cases].

Med Trop Sante Int 2022 03 10;2(1). Epub 2022 Feb 10.

ISEA (Institut de sciences exactes et appliquées) (EA 7484), Université de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, BP R4, 98851 Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Background And Objectives: Recent shark attacks in New Caledonia have prompted local authorities to elaborate a risk-management plan. The objective of the present paper is to produce detailed data on shark attacks that occurred in New Caledonian waters for the last few decades, as well as on the injuries of the victims, in order to inform rescue and medical services as well as authorities in charge of educating the public and providing security.

Methods: Incidents involving sharks and humans in New Caledonia for the last six decades were included into a database. Read More

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Inference and dynamic simulation of malaria using a simple climate-driven entomological model of malaria transmission.

PLoS Comput Biol 2022 06 9;18(6):e1010161. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, United States of America.

Given the crucial role of climate in malaria transmission, many mechanistic models of malaria represent vector biology and the parasite lifecycle as functions of climate variables in order to accurately capture malaria transmission dynamics. Lower dimension mechanistic models that utilize implicit vector dynamics have relied on indirect climate modulation of transmission processes, which compromises investigation of the ecological role played by climate in malaria transmission. In this study, we develop an implicit process-based malaria model with direct climate-mediated modulation of transmission pressure borne through the Entomological Inoculation Rate (EIR). Read More

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Feeding behavior of post-weaned crossbred steers supplemented in the dry season of the year.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2022 Jun 8;54(4):203. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-110, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of grazing steers supplemented in the dry season of the year. Thirty-two castrated crossbred (½ Holstein-Zebu) steers with an average initial weight of 378 ± 7.54 kg, aged 14 months, were distributed into four treatment groups in a completely randomized design with eight replicates. Read More

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Vesicular Eruption Secondary to Bites by Larval Amblyomma americanum.

Cutis 2022 Apr;109(4):224-227

Department of Dermatology, Renaissance School of Medicine at Stony Brook University, New York.

Tick-borne illness is an increasingly concerning cause of human infectious disease. Not only do ticks transmit disease, but their bites also may cause impressive local reactions. This report highlights a case of a widespread vesicular eruption secondary to bites by larval Amblyomma americanum sustained by a 58-year-old woman. Read More

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Acute ischemic stroke: a rare complication of hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale spp.) bite: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 4;16(1):218. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Medical Unit, Teaching Hospital, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.

Background: Hump-nosed pit viper is a medically important deadly venomous snake in Sri Lanka and is the commonest cause of venomous snakebites in the country. It frequently causes local effects and systemic manifestations such as acute kidney injury and coagulopathy that occur in less than 10% of all bites. This also includes some atypical presentations such as thrombotic microangiopathy and myocardial infarction. Read More

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What's Eating You? Mosquitoes (Culicidae).

Cutis 2022 Mar;109(3):126-128

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston. Ms. Andrews is from the College of Medicine, and Drs. Ellis and Elston are from the Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery.

Mosquito bites cause a variety of reactions ranging from pruritic papules to severe systemic hypersensitivity reactions. The salivary glands of mosquitoes have been found to contain more than 70 different allergens. Herein, we describe the pathophysiology and clinical appearance of mosquito bite reactions as well as proper management of this condition. Read More

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Armigeres subalbatus is a potential vector for Zika virus but not dengue virus.

Infect Dis Poverty 2022 Jun 4;11(1):62. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Pathogen Biology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) are closely related flaviviruses primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Armigeres subalbatus is an emerging and widely distributed mosquito, and ZIKV has been detected and isolated from it. However, it is not clear whether Ar. Read More

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An analysis of government-sponsored health insurance enrolment and claims data from Meghalaya: Insights into the provision of health care in North East India.

PLoS One 2022 3;17(6):e0268858. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Indian Institute of Public Health Shillong, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.

Introduction: The Megha Health Insurance Scheme (MHIS) was launched in 2013 in the North-East Indian state of Meghalaya to reduce household out-of-pocket expenditure on health and provide access to high-quality essential healthcare. Despite substantial expansion of the MHIS since the scheme's inception, there is a lack of comprehensive documentation and evaluation of the scheme's performance against its Universal Health Care (UHC) objectives.

Methods: We analysed six years of enrolment and claims data (2013-2018) covering three phases of the scheme to understand the pattern of enrolment, utilisation and care provision under the MHIS during this period. Read More

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Experiment in semi-natural conditions did not confirm the influence of malaria infection on bird attractiveness to mosquitoes.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jun 2;15(1):187. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, 1015, Switzerland.

Background: Changes in host phenotype following parasite infection are often considered as host manipulation when they seem advantageous for the parasite. However, putative cases of host manipulation by parasites are rarely tested in field-realistic conditions. Infection-induced phenotypic change cannot be conclusively considered as host manipulation if no evidence shows that this trait is adaptive for the parasite in the wild. Read More

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Coagulopathy induced by viperid snake venoms in a murine model: Comparison of standard coagulation tests and rotational thromboelastometry.

Toxicon 2022 Jul 27;214:121-129. Epub 2022 May 27.

Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, 11501, Costa Rica. Electronic address:

Viperid snakebite envenoming is often characterized by a venom-induced consumption coagulopathy due to the procoagulant effect of venom components, resulting in the alteration of clotting laboratory tests. There is a growing trend to use rotational thromboelastometry in the assessment of clotting disturbances in a variety of pathologies, although its use in experimental models of envenoming has been limited. An in vivo murine model was implemented to assess the coagulopathy induced by three Central American viperid venoms which have different mechanisms of action on clotting factors, i. Read More

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Coagulopathy following Crotaliπae snakebites in northeast Florida.

Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2022 Jun 10;33(4):220-223. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Division of Hematology & Oncology, Department of Medicine, Hematology & Oncology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky.

Effects of Crotalinae envenomation vary by geographical areas and research into coagulopathy and effects of antivenom are needed to optimize management. This was a single-center retrospective review with testing on presentation and 4 h after; antivenom administration was noted and data analyzed overall and comparing envenomations. One hundred and nineteen snakebites evaluated with 59 identified as Crotalinae and half receiving antivenom. Read More

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