19,071 results match your criteria Animal Bites

A case of endocarditis in a non-immunosuppressed host: the value of 16S PCR for diagnosis.

Access Microbiol 2021 4;3(5):000235. Epub 2021 May 4.

Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK.

is a rare cause of endocarditis and is particularly unusual in non-immunosuppressed hosts. It is associated with animal bites, particularly those from dogs. This case describes a healthy 59-year-old woman, with no identifiable risk factors or dog bite history, who presented with fever of unknown origin. Read More

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Wound infection caused by , a zoonotic pathogen: a case report.

Access Microbiol 2021 Mar 10;3(3):000196. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Concord Hospital, NSW Health Pathology, Concord, NSW, Australia.

The isolation of from a 63-year-old female presenting to the emergency department following a cat bite injury to her right hand is described in this report. , also known as Centers for Disease Control (CDC) group EF-4b, is considered to be a zoonotic pathogen, and is usually associated with dog or cat bites. Despite the potential of this organism to cause serious soft tissue infections, it can be overlooked in routine clinical laboratories due to its slow growth characteristics and when the history of animal bite is not provided to the laboratory. Read More

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Exploring Rabies Endemicity in Pakistan: Major Constraints & Possible Solutions.

Acta Trop 2021 Jun 15:106011. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Pathobiology, KBCMA University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Narowal, 51600, Pakistan.

Rabies, the oldest recorded viral zoonosis in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, is a neglected and lingering endemic disease in Pakistan. The review of online available rabies-related journals, papers and reports through platforms and electronic databases have provided the basis for a detailed analysis of the rabies situation in Pakistan. Only published materials related to various research areas of rabies in Pakistan were included and meaningful conclusions were developed to identify major constraints and generate an intellectual discussion on possible solutions. Read More

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PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases broadens its coverage of envenomings caused by animal bites and stings.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 17;15(6):e0009481. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Clinical Toxicology Research Group, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

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[Infections of the Hand after Bite Injuries].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2021 Jun 16;53(3):237-244. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin; Abteilung für Hand-, Replantations-und Mikrochirurgie.

Bite injuries are common. Along with the resulting complications, they represent approximately 1-2 % of all emergency department visits. In over 75 %, the hands are affected. Read More

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A retrospective analysis of emerging rabies: a neglected tropical disease in Sarawak, Malaysia.

J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2021 06;51(2):133-139

Neurology Department, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Rabies, a neglected tropical disease (NTD), is a viral infection which is often fatal. Since 2017, a rabies epidemic has been declared in Sarawak, Malaysia. However, there is a lack of local epidemiological data and descriptions of local presentations of this disease. Read More

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Management of Human and Animal Bites.

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Cook County Health, Chicago, IL, USA; Midwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Dogs are the animal most frequently implicated in causing bite injuries to the human face. Dog bite injuries are most prevalent in younger patients. Pasteurella species are commensals of the oral microbiome of dogs and cats and are frequently implicated in infections resulting from dog and cat bite injuries. Read More

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Role of Taraxerone Isolated from Leucas lavandulifolia, as an Immunomodulator.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 6:114307. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Dr, Janaki Ammal Campus, Thalassery, Kannur-670661, Kerala, India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The Indian tradition system of medicine enlists a large number of plants for basic health care. Leucas lavandulifolia is mentioned in the ayurvedic medicinal system and also used among the folklores. The plant is used for the treatment of fever, asthma, psoriasis, dermatitis and healing snake bites. Read More

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Individuals co-exposed to sand fly saliva and filarial parasites exhibit altered monocyte function.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 9;15(6):e0009448. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Autoimmunity and Translational Immunology, Precigen, Inc. A wholly owned subsidiary of Intrexon Corporation, Germantown, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: In Mali, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and filariasis are co-endemic. Previous studies in animal models of infection have shown that sand fly saliva enhance infectivity of Leishmania parasites in naïve hosts while saliva-specific adaptive immune responses may protect against cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. In contrast, the human immune response to Phlebotomus duboscqi (Pd) saliva, the principal sand fly vector in Mali, was found to be dichotomously polarized with some individuals having a Th1-dominated response and others having a Th2-biased response. Read More

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Mosquito-bite infection of humanized mice with chikungunya virus produces systemic disease with long-term effects.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 9;15(6):e0009427. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging, mosquito-borne alphavirus responsible for acute to chronic arthralgias and neuropathies. Although it originated in central Africa, recent reports of disease have come from many parts of the world, including the Americas. While limiting human CHIKV cases through mosquito control has been used, it has not been entirely successful. Read More

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Patterns and Outcomes of dog bite injuries presenting to emergency department in a tertiary care hospital at Karachi.

Pak J Med Sci 2021 May-Jun;37(3):794-799

Dr. Nasibullah Ahmed Lecturer, Department of Forensic Medicine, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objectives: To assess patterns & outcomes of dog bite injuries coming to a public sector tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods: This was a one-year descriptive cross sectional study from 1 June 2018- 31 May 2019 using consecutive sampling technique. Data of 7512 patients was collected from animal-bite clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Read More

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Challenges in the Management of an Echis coloratus Adult Snakebite Victim at a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 9;22:e931532. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND The World Health Organization has set clear guidelines for the management of snakebite envenomation. However, challenges have been reported in the clinical application of guidelines, such as identification of the biting snake, hypersensitivity reactions to the antivenom, and influence of repeated antivenom administration during hospital stay. This report aims to discuss how these challenges can affect patient management and to highlight improvement opportunities. Read More

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Analysis of Pediatric Dog Bite Injuries at a Level 1 Trauma Center Over 10 Years.

Ann Plast Surg 2021 Jun;86(6S Suppl 5):S510-S516

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center; Richmond, VA.

Background: Dog bite injuries cause significant preventable patient morbidity and health care expenditure in children. This study aimed to characterize the patient and healthcare burden related to pediatric dog bite injuries at a level 1 trauma center.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of 356 pediatric patients who presented to Virginia Commonwealth University Pediatric Emergency Department between July 2007 and August 2017 after sustaining dog bite injuries. Read More

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Bee Attack or Heart Attack: Kounis Syndrome.

Cureus 2021 Apr 28;13(4):e14740. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Internal Medicine, Corpus Christi Medical Center, Corpus Christi, USA.

Kounis syndrome (KS) is defined as an allergic or hypersensitivity reaction leading to coronary vasospasm and acute coronary syndrome. The inflammatory mediators released during the body's reaction to an allergen causes vasoconstriction, plaque rupture, platelet aggregation, and even thrombosis of an existing coronary stent. Over the years, many allergens including drugs, environmental exposures, and animal and insect bites have been implicated in KS. Read More

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Knowledge, attitude, and practice about rabies prevention and control: A community survey in Nepal.

Vet World 2021 Apr 17;14(4):933-942. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Large Animal and Wildlife Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand.

Background And Aim: Rabies is a fatal zoonosis caused by RNA virus belonging to genus Lyssavirus. Nepal is one of the endemic countries in South Asia for rabies. This study was conducted to better understand the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of Nepalese community toward rabies across five developmental zones of the country. Read More

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Atypical behavior of a black fly species connects cavity-nesting birds with generalist blood parasites in an arid area of Spain.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jun 3;14(1):298. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Departamento de Ecología Funcional y Evolutiva, Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas (EEZA-CSIC), Almería, Spain.

Background: The feeding behavior of bloodsucking insects determines the transmission, distribution, host spectrum and evolution of blood parasites in the wild. Conventional wisdom suggests that some vector groups (e.g. Read More

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The Geographic Distribution, Venom Components, Pathology and Treatments of Stonefish ( spp.) Venom.

Mar Drugs 2021 May 24;19(6). Epub 2021 May 24.

Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM), James Cook University, Cairns 4878, Australia.

Stonefish are regarded as one of the most venomous fish in the world. Research on stonefish venom has chiefly focused on the in vitro and in vivo neurological, cardiovascular, cytotoxic and nociceptive effects of the venom. The last literature review on stonefish venom was published over a decade ago, and much has changed in the field since. Read More

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Representations of Free-Living and Unrestrained Dogs as an Emerging Public Health Issue in Australian Newspapers.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 28;18(11). Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2650, Australia.

That dogs can live and breed as free-living animals contributes to public health risks including zoonotic transmission, dog bites, and compromising people's sense of safety in public spaces. In Australia, free-living dog populations are comprised of domestic dogs, dingoes, and dog-dingo hybrids, and are described using various terms (for example, stray or community), depending on social or geographic context. Urban expansion and regional migration mean that risks associated with contact between humans and free-living dogs are increasing. Read More

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Japanese Encephalitis in Small-Scale Pig Farming in Rural Cambodia: Pig Seroprevalence and Farmer Awareness.

Pathogens 2021 May 10;10(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is endemic in Cambodia, but circulation of JE virus (JEV) among domestic pigs has previously only been studied in the southern part of the country. The main purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of JEV antibodies in smallholder pigs held in rural areas of Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, Ratanakiri, and Stung Treng provinces, northeastern Cambodia. Another purpose was to identify possible associations between serologic status and other factors, such as reproductive disorders, and to investigate the farmers' knowledge of mosquito-borne diseases and use of preventive measures. Read More

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[Bite wounds from dogs, cats and humans].

Ugeskr Laeger 2021 05;183(21)

Bite wounds are common in the emergency departments in Denmark. As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, more people are adopting pets and the number of hours spent at home with pets are increasing. This will probably result in more bite wounds and therefore, it is as important as ever for emergency doctors to be able to treat bite wounds appropriately. Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of Cutaneous Lymphomas Including Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma.

John A Zic

Med Clin North Am 2021 Jul;105(4):737-755

Department of Dermatology, VU Cutaneous Lymphoma Clinic, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt Dermatology, One Hundred Oaks, 719 Thompson Lane, Suite 26300, Nashville, TN 37204-3609, USA. Electronic address:

The cutaneous lymphomas are malignancies of T-cell and B-cell lymphocytes in which the skin is the primary organ of involvement. The cutaneous T-cell lymphomas include variants that can mimic the presentation of common skin diseases or arthropod bites. Mycosis fungoides, the most common cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, usually presents as fixed asymptomatic patches or plaques in sun-protected areas. Read More

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A Bite So Bad: Septic Shock Due to Capnocytophaga Canimorsus Following a Dog Bite.

Cureus 2021 Apr 24;13(4):e14668. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Pinnacle, Harrisburg, USA.

Infection by , a Gram-negative rod found in the normal oral flora of canine and feline species and transmitted through bites or scratches, is a rare phenomenon. Infections most commonly occur in alcoholics and immunocompromised patients. In this report, we describe the case of a middle-aged male with a history of alcohol abuse who presented with septic shock and multisystem organ failure following a suspected dog bite. Read More

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Ticking on Pandora's box: a prospective case-control study into 'other' tick-borne diseases.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 29;21(1):501. Epub 2021 May 29.

Amsterdam UMC, Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, Amsterdam Institute of Infection and Immunology, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 22660 (1100 DD), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Tick-borne pathogens other than Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato - the causative agent of Lyme borreliosis - are common in Ixodes ricinus ticks. How often these pathogens cause human disease is unknown. In addition, diagnostic tools to identify such diseases are lacking or reserved to research laboratories. Read More

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices on African tick bite fever of rural livestock communities living in a livestock-wildlife interface area in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 28;21(1):497. Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Life Sciences, Biological Sciences Section, College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, 4000, South Africa.

Background: African tick bite fever (ATBF) caused by Rickettsia africae and transmitted by Amblyomma spp. ticks is one of the zoonotic tick-borne fevers from the spotted fever group (SFG) of rickettsiae, which is an emerging global health concern. There is paucity of information regarding the occurrence and awareness of the disease in endemic rural livestock farming communities living in livestock-wildlife interface areas in South Africa. Read More

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Evaluation of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of students at the University of Abomey-Calavi on rabies in Benin Republic, West Africa.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 4;38:235. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Research Unit on Communicable Diseases, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.

Introduction: rabies is a vaccine-preventable viral zoonotic disease. Once clinical symptoms appear, rabies is fatal in almost 100% of cases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of students at the University of Abomey-Calavi in Benin on rabies in order to explore the factors that promote the occurrence of this zoonosis. Read More

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Identification of tick-borne pathogens by metagenomic next-generation sequencing in Dermacentor nuttalli and Ixodes persulcatus in Inner Mongolia, China.

Parasit Vectors 2021 May 27;14(1):287. Epub 2021 May 27.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, PR China.

Background: Hard ticks act as arthropod vectors in the transmission of human and animal pathogens and are widely distributed in northern China. The aim of this study is to screen the important tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) carried by hard ticks in Inner Mongolia using metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and to estimate the risk of human infection imposed by tick bites.

Methods: The adult Dermacentor nuttalli (n = 203) and Ixodes persulcatus (n = 36) ticks feeding on cattle were collected. Read More

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Knowledge, attitude, and practice study on animal bite, rabies, and its prevention in an urban community.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Feb 27;10(2):850-858. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chrompet, Chennai, India.

Introduction: Rabies is a neglected zoonotic tropical disease that usually affects the poorest communities. Rabies is 100% fatal and at the same time 100% preventable. A huge proportion of death due to rabies occurs in Asia and Africa, and India is reported to have the highest incidence of rabies. Read More

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February 2021

Rat bite fever with osteomyelitis and discitis: case report and literature review.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 26;21(1):479. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Background: Rat bite fever (RBF) is a rare systemic febrile illness transmitted by rats. Streptobacillus moniliformis is a pleomorphic Gram-negative bacillus which is the usual etiologic organism for rat bite fever in the United States.

Case Presentation: Here we present a case of rat bite fever complicated by vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis. Read More

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Epidemiological, humanistic and economic burden of dog-mediated rabies in India: a systematic review protocol.

F1000Res 2021 18;10:32. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Health & Family Welfare, State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, 171009, India.

Rabies is a neglected zoonotic disease. It is transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal and dog bites are responsible for around 95% of human cases. The disease is almost always fatal after the onset of symptoms. Read More

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding to rabies and its prevention and control among bite victims by suspected rabid animals in China.

One Health 2021 Dec 8;13:100264. Epub 2021 May 8.

School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Rabies is a major public health problem and the incidence of suspected rabid animal bites remains high in China. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) about rabies of bite victims in Wuhan, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1015 bite victims visiting rabies prevention clinics. Read More

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December 2021