Anim Behav 2020 Aug 14;166:193-206. Epub 2020 Jul 14.
Arizona Canine Cognition Center, School of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, U.S.A.
To characterize the early ontogeny of dog cognition, we tested 168 domestic dog, , puppies (97 females, 71 males; mean age = 9.2 weeks) in a novel test battery based on previous tasks developed and employed with adolescent and adult dogs. Our sample consisted of Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers and Labrador × golden retriever crosses from 65 different litters at Canine Companions for Independence, an organization that breeds, trains and places assistance dogs for people with disabilities. Read More