Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.
Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Medical Investigation, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is defined as an elevated blood pressure caused by kidney hypoperfusion, generally as a result of anatomic stenosis of the renal artery with consequent activation of the Renin Angiotensin-Aldosterone System. The main causes include genetic and inflammatory disorders, extrinsic compression, and idiopathic alterations. RVH is often asymptomatic and should be suspected in any child with refractory hypertension, especially if other suggestive findings are present, including those with severe hypertension, abdominal bruit, and abrupt fall of glomerular filtration rate after administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers. Read More