4,431 results match your criteria Angioplasty Renal Artery

Renal Outcome and New-Onset Renal and Extrarenal Dissections in Patients With Nontrauma Renal Artery Dissection Associated With Renal Infarction.

Hypertension 2021 May 10:HYPERTENSIONAHA12016540. Epub 2021 May 10.

Hypertension Unit, AP-HP, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France. (A.-L.F., G.B., A.L., M.A., L.A.).

We aimed to compare the characteristics of the patients with renal infarction related to nontrauma renal artery dissection (RAD) with versus without an underlying vascular disease and report long-term renal and vascular outcomes, as well as new-onset renal and extra-RADs. Data from 72 consecutive patients with RAD referred to our Hypertension Unit between 2000 and 2015 were analyzed. Radiological data, including a systematic brain-to-pelvis computed tomography angiography, were independently reviewed. Read More

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The Vici venous stent for treatment of renal vein entrapment.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2021 Jan 26;34(3):394-396. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Division of Cardiology, Baylor Scott and White The Heart Hospital - Plano, Plano, Texas.

The nutcracker syndrome results from compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. We present the first reported case of symptomatic left renal vein compression treated with balloon angioplasty and stenting with the Vici stent system. Read More

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January 2021

High renin hypertension in focal renal fibromuscular dysplasia: turn off of renin system angiotensin overactivation by renal angioplasty cured high blood pressure and quickly reversed myocardial hypertrophy.

Acta Biomed 2021 Apr 30;92(S1):e2021162. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

University of Parma.

Background Fibromuscolar dysplasia (FMD) is an idiopathic, non-atherosclerotic and non-inflammatory stenotic lesion of renal arteries causing renovascular hypertension up-regulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Case report: A 18-year-old man was referred to our Hypertension Center (Clinica e Terapia Medica) for the recent onset of hypertension, poorly controlled on calcium channel blockers, already associated to electrocardiographic and echocardiography signs of left ventricular hypertrophy and significant albuminuria (728 mg/24 h). An increased plasma renin activity (PRA), aldosterone level and a mild hypokalemia raised the suspicion of renovascular hypertension. Read More

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Long-term outcome of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) versus PTRA with stenting (PTRAS) in transplant renal artery stenosis.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 26;21(1):212. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Her Majesty's Cardiac Center, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Endovascular treatment is standard of care for transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). No study has evaluated long-term outcomes compared between percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) and PTRA with stenting (PTRAS). Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate the 1-year clinical success, and short- and long-term event-free survival between PTRA and PTRAS in patients diagnosed with TRAS at Thailand's largest national tertiary referral center. Read More

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Harefuah 2021 Apr;160(4):210-214

Institute of Nephrology and Hypertension, Sheba Medical Center, Israel.

Introduction: Treatment of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS) is still controversial. Several randomized controlled trials have shown that percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stenting (PTRAS) is not superior to medical treatment, and the procedure is commonly reserved for malignant hypertension, flash pulmonary edema or deterioration of kidney function. The most challenging symptomatic RAS cases are patients with severe stenosis resulting in acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring acute hemodialysis. Read More

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Cardiovascular injuries during COVID-19 infection: A PROCESS-compliant case series from the Eastern Morocco.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 18;65:102309. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Intensive Care Unit, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco.

Background: To date, more than 105,805,951 cases of COVID-19 have been diagnosed including 2,312,278 deaths. Many patients have cardiovascular risk-factors and/or co-morbidities and a lot of them developed heart conditions during the active or the post-infectious phase of the infection. A number of studies tried to demonstrate an association between poor prognostic outcomes and cardiovascular comorbidities and related damages, but the quality of current evidence is still weak. Read More

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Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis: A Case Report of Functional Recovery Six Months After Angioplasty.

Transplant Proc 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

General and Transplant Surgery Department, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy; General and Transplant Surgery Department, San Salvatore Hospital, L'Aquila, Italy.

Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a common vascular complication after kidney transplantation, leading to worsening or refractory hypertension, deterioration in renal function, and possible cause of graft loss. Early diagnosis and an appropriate treatment are crucial for organ preservation. Endovascular treatment, including percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent implantation, is considered the first-line therapy for TRAS. Read More

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Acute Severe Renal Artery Stenosis Presenting as Acute Kidney Injury with Severe Hypertension, and Active Urine Sediment.

Can J Cardiol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa. Electronic address:

We present a case of severe renal artery stenosis that mimicked a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with acute kidney injury, active urine sediments and severe hypertension. Simultaneous presence of secondary hyperaldosteronism and hypokalemia prompted renal angiogram and subsequent renal artery angioplasty and stenting, thus leading to rapid resolution of acute kidney injury, proteinuria, and hypertension. Our case emphasizes the importance and benefits of prompt diagnosis and revascularization of acute severe renal artery stenosis in a patient with history of atherosclerotic renovascular disease presenting with sudden onset of severe hypertension and acute kidney injury with active urine sediment mimicking rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Read More

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Trends and causes of readmission following peripheral vascular intervention in patients with peripheral vascular disease.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Objectives: To study the risk factors associated with 30-readmission postperipheral vascular intervention (PVI) in peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Background: There has been a paucity of data regarding the trend and predictors of PVI readmission.

Methods: We performed an observational cohort study of patients admitted with peripheral vascular disease for PVI using the NRD for the years 2010-2014. Read More

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Renovascular hypertension in pediatric patients: update on diagnosis and management.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Medical Investigation, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is defined as an elevated blood pressure caused by kidney hypoperfusion, generally as a result of anatomic stenosis of the renal artery with consequent activation of the Renin Angiotensin-Aldosterone System. The main causes include genetic and inflammatory disorders, extrinsic compression, and idiopathic alterations. RVH is often asymptomatic and should be suspected in any child with refractory hypertension, especially if other suggestive findings are present, including those with severe hypertension, abdominal bruit, and abrupt fall of glomerular filtration rate after administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of endovascular treatment of renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia with branch lesions.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, Henan University People's Hospital, 7#Weiwu Road, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, China.

Background: Renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) can cause arterial stenosis, dissection, and aneurysm of renal arteries. This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and evaluate the long-term outcomes of renal branch artery FMD in children and adults.

Methods: Sixty-one patients with renal artery FMD underwent endovascular treatment, including 23 children and 38 adults. Read More

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Salvage of Suboptimal or Occluded Arteriovenous Fistulas Using a 4 French System From the Radial Artery for Initial Balloon Angioplasty Maturations.

Cureus 2021 Feb 19;13(2):e13446. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Vascular Surgery, Mercy Medical Center, Rockville Centre, USA.

Introduction End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a condition that has seen a large increase in prevalence in recent decades. Paralleling this increase in prevalence is the increasing number of patients requiring vascular access for hemodialysis. Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) are considered the procedures of choice for hemodialysis access. Read More

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February 2021

Intravascular ultrasound-supported percutaneous angioplasty of post-kidney transplant renal artery bifurcation stenosis.

Vascular 2021 Mar 17:17085381211001176. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Cardiology, Renal Transplant Surgery, Radio-diagnosis, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is an uncommon complication following renal transplantation. Its usual clinical presentation includes worsening hypertension and/or renal function, without any evidence of graft rejection. Bifurcation renal artery stenosis of the transplanted renal artery is rarely encountered. Read More

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Contemporary outcomes of a "snuffbox first" hemodialysis access approach in the United States.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Division of Renal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.

Objective: The Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines for permanent hemodialysis (HD) access creation recommend prioritizing the most distal possible autogenous access to minimize complications and preserve more proximal options. The "snuffbox" arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the most distal radial artery-cephalic vein AVF. Despite the theoretical benefits of the snuffbox approach, recent trends have been toward upper arm access. Read More

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Color-coded summation images in the evaluation of renal artery stenosis before and after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.

BMC Med Imaging 2021 Feb 10;21(1):21. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Background: Endovascular therapy is the gold standard in patients with hemodynamic relevant renal artery stenosis (RAS) resistant to medical therapy. The severity grading of the stenosis as well as the result assessment after endovascular approach is predominantly based on visible estimations of the anatomic appearance. We aim to investigate the application of color-coded DSA parameters to gain hemodynamic information during endovascular renal artery interventions and for the assessment of the procedures´ technical success. Read More

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February 2021

Experience With Unfavorable Iliac Access When Performing Fenestrated/Branched Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

J Endovasc Ther 2021 Apr 8;28(2):315-322. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Aortic Centre, Hôpital Marie Lannelongue, Le Plessis-Robinson, INSERM UMR_S 999, Université Paris Sud, Paris, France.

Purpose: To review a single-center experience with fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (f/bEVAR) in patients with challenging iliac anatomies.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of the department's database identified 398 consecutive patients who underwent complex endovascular repair f/bEVAR between January 2010 and June 2018; of these, 67 had challenging accesses. The strategies implemented to overcome access issues were reviewed, using a dedicated scoring system to evaluate the access (integrating diameter, tortuosity, calcification, and previous open or endovascular repair). Read More

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The lift snorkel technique for type Ia endoleak after fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair of a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jan 31;7(1):36. Epub 2021 Jan 31.

Department of Surgery, The Jikei University Kashiwa Hospital, Kashiwa city, Chiba prefecture, Japan.

Background: The snorkel technique for a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JAAA) is an important treatment option for high-risk patients. We report the lift snorkel technique through the trans-femoral access for a type Ia endoleak after fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) in a case of difficult trans-brachial access.

Case Presentation: A 76-year-old woman who had JAAA presented with a type Ia endoleak and sac expansion after FEVAR. Read More

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January 2021

Two Cases of Severe Hypertension in JAK2 Mutation-Positive Myeloproliferative Neoplasms.

Case Rep Vasc Med 2020 9;2020:8887423. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Division of Experimental Medicine and Immunotherapeutics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Myeloproliferative neoplasms are a heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of one or more terminal myeloid cells-established complications include thrombosis and haemorrhagic events; however, there is limited evidence to suggest an association with arterial hypertension. Herein, we report two independent cases of severe hypertension in JAK2 mutation-positive myeloproliferative neoplasms. . Read More

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November 2020

Intravascular ultrasound-guided shockwave lithotripsy of heavily calcified bilateral renal artery stenosis: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Jan 15;5(1):ytaa568. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Cardiology, Mohammed Bin Khalifa Cardiac Centre (MKCC), Riffa, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Background: Calcified lesions represent a hard obstacle to overcome in renal arteries, particularly when renal angioplasty represents the only feasible course of action in the setting of high-risk bilateral renal artery stenosis (RAS) with refractory systemic hypertension and recurrent flash pulmonary oedema.

Case Summary: We herein report a case of symptomatic bilateral severely calcified RAS, treated successfully with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided coronary and peripheral intravascular shockwave lithotripsy systems and stenting.

Discussion: Intravascular shockwave lithotripsy is an attractive modality for the treatment of challenging, heavily calcified renal arteries that combines the calcium-disrupting capability of lithotripsy with the familiarity of balloon catheters to facilitate proper stent deployment. Read More

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January 2021

Use of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Int Med Res 2021 Jan;49(1):300060520983585

Vascular Surgery Department, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Objective: For patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS), the role of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) remains inconclusive. This study aimed to comparatively evaluate the benefits of best medical therapy (BMT) plus PTRA and BMT alone in treating ARAS.

Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis, and searched for all randomized, controlled trials that reported patients with ARAS. Read More

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January 2021

[Treatment of renal artery stenosis in the year 2021].

Tomas Lenz

Internist (Berl) 2021 Mar 18;62(3):252-262. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

KfH-Nierenzentrum, Maxstraße 48, 67059, Ludwigshafen, Deutschland.

Severe arteriosclerotic stenosis of the renal artery with at least 60-70% narrowing of the lumen can lead to various diseases: in the case of unilateral stenosis it can lead to renovascular hypertension, in the case of bilateral narrowing (or in a stenotic solitary kidney) also to an often progressive renal insufficiency (ischemic kidney disease) and/or to acute pulmonary edema (pulmonary flash edema). Renal artery stenosis may be treated by revascularization using either percutaneous (balloon angioplasty with or without stenting) or less commonly open surgical procedures, both with excellent primary patency rates of over 90%; however, randomized trials of catheter-based interventions have failed to demonstrate a longer term benefit with respect to blood pressure control and renal function as well as improved overall survival over optimal medicinal management alone. Due to improved clinical outcomes interventional revascularization is justified in cases with critical stenoses and clinical sequelae, such as pulmonary flash edema and progressive renal failure. Read More

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Renovascular hypertension in children.

CVIR Endovasc 2021 Jan 7;4(1):10. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Paediatric hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure > 95th percentile for age, sex and height is often incidentally diagnosed. Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is responsible for 5-25% of hypertension in children. Renal artery stenosis and middle aortic syndrome can both can be associated with various conditions such as fibromuscular dysplasia, Williams syndrome & Neurofibromatosis type 1. Read More

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January 2021

Endovascular reversal of renovascular hypertension blunts cardiac dysfunction and deformation in swine.

J Hypertens 2021 Mar;39(3):556-562

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Objective: Renovascular hypertension (RVH) induces hemodynamic and humoral aberrations that may impair cardiac function, structure and mechanics, including cardiac twist and deformation. Revascularization of a stenotic renal artery can decrease blood pressure (BP), but its ability to restore cardiac mechanics in RVH remains unclear. We hypothesized that percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) would improve cardiac function and left ventricular (LV) deformation in swine RVH. Read More

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Effect of Sex on Outcomes of Coronary Rotational Atherectomy Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (From the European Multicenter Euro4C Registry).

Am J Cardiol 2021 03 5;143:29-36. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Cardiology, Rangueil Toulouse University Hospital, University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Data regarding the potential influence of gender on outcomes of rotational atherectomy (RA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce and conflicting. Using the Euro4C registry, an international prospective multicentric registry of RA PCI, we evaluated the influence of gender on clinical outcomes of RA PCI. Between October 2016 and July 2018, 966 patients were included. Read More

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Effectiveness of combined superficial femoral artery endovascular therapy with popliteal-to-distal bypass: A paradigm shift in surgical open bypass for chronic limb-threatening ischemia.

Vascular 2020 Dec 21:1708538120981224. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of combining superficial femoral artery endovascular therapy with distal bypass originating from the popliteal artery as a method of lower extremity revascularization in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia.

Methods: The records of patients undergoing combined superficial femoral artery endovascular therapy with popliteal-to-distal bypass for chronic limb-threatening ischemia from January 2014 to April 2020 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' background, operative details, and long-term outcomes were analyzed. Read More

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December 2020

An Extension of the Bollinger Scoring System to Analyse the Distribution of Macrovascular Disease of the Lower Limb in Diabetes.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 02 10;61(2):280-286. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: While it is generally considered that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have more distal peripheral arterial disease (PAD), there is little information on how individual vessels are affected. The aim of this study was to adapt Bollinger's scoring system for lower limb angiograms (DSAs) to include the distal and planter vessels. The reliability of this extension was tested and was used to compare the distribution of disease in two cohorts of patients with and without DM. Read More

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February 2021

A pediatric patient with hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome without persistent hypertension in acute phase: A case report and review of literature.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2020 25;8:2050313X20969559. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Pediatric Heart Disease and Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, Showa University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome is characterized by hypertension, hyponatremia, and hypokalemia due to unilateral renal artery stenosis. We herein report a 1-year-old hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome infant without persistent hypertension in the acute phase. On the ninth hospital day, his systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased up to 154-160 and 70-84 mmHg, respectively. Read More

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November 2020

Successful Endovascular Treatment for Very-Late-Onset and Acute Progressive Multiple Transplant Renal Segmental Artery Stenoses: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2020 Nov 30. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Purpose: To report the endovascular treatment for acute progressive and very-late-onset multiple segmental small-artery stenoses in transplanted kidney parenchyma presenting with rapidly deteriorating renal function and refractory hypertension in a 65-year-old man.

Case Report: Nineteen years ago, the patient received a living renal transplant via end-to-end anastomosis of the right internal iliac artery for kidney failure caused by chronic glomerulonephritis. His transplant renal function (creatinine: 0. Read More

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November 2020