Cureus 2022 Apr 18;14(4):e24251. Epub 2022 Apr 18.
General Surgery Department, Imam Abdulrahman Alfaisal Hospital, Riyadh, SAU.
Introduction Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS), also called mesenteric duodenal compression syndrome, Wilkie's syndrome, chronic duodenal ileus or cast syndrome, is a rare clinical condition defined as a compression of the third portion of the duodenum in between the SMA and abdominal aorta (AA), due to narrowing of the space between them. SMAS is primarily attributed to loss of the intervening mesenteric fat pad, leading to partial or complete duodenal obstruction. Its manifestations are complex and non-specific, including postprandial epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, early satiety, weight loss and anorexia. Read More