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    Reversible profound sensorineural hearing loss due to propranolol sensitive hemangioma in an infant with PHACE syndrome.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Dec 5;103:55-57. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    University of Utah, Division of Otolaryngology, United States.
    PHACE syndrome is the association of large or segmental infantile hemangiomas of the face or scalp with abnormalities within the posterior fossa, arteries, cardiovascular system, and eyes. We present a case of reversible profound sensorineural hearing loss due to a cerebellopontine angle infantile hemangioma that was successfully treated with propranolol. Read More

    Congenital Vascular Tumors.
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):89-97
    Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Vascular Anomalies Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue Boston, MA, 02115, USA. Electronic address:
    Vascular tumors are benign neoplasms, which result from proliferating endothelial cells. These lesions present during infancy or childhood, may affect any location, and exhibit postnatal growth. Local complications include bleeding, tissue destruction, and pain whereas systemic sequelae include thrombocytopenia, congestive heart failure, and death. Read More

    Infantile Hemangiomas in the Head and Neck Region.
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):77-87
    Division of Hematology, Vascular Anomalies Center, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Oncology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Division of Hematology, Hemangioma and Vascular Malformation Center, Cancer and Blood Diseases Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are benign vascular tumors of infancy most common in the region of the head and neck. Infantile hemangiomas are common; but they are extremely heterogeneous and cause a range of complications depending on their morphology, size, or location. Medical interventions for high-risk patients include topical and systemic therapies, including oral propranolol, which has revolutionized the management of IHs over the past recent years. Read More

    Imaging of Vascular Lesions of the Head and Neck.
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):55-76
    Department of Radiology, Lenox Hill Hospital, 100 East 77th Street, Radiology 3rd Floor, New York, NY 10075, USA. Electronic address:
    This article provides an overview of imaging findings of common and uncommon vascular lesions in the head and neck and showcases images highlighting imaging findings. Both hemangiomas and vascular malformations are covered. Read More

    Management of Infantile Hemangiomas of the Airway.
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):133-146
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 600 Gresham Drive, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA. Electronic address:
    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) of the airway are far less common than their cutaneous counterparts, and their symptoms mimic those of viral croup. As a result, by the time these lesions are diagnosed, they are often advanced and causing airway compromise. Fortunately, the evolution of propranolol as an effective and safe pharmacotherapy has simplified management of IH and reduced the likelihood of complications previously seen with steroid therapy and surgery. Read More

    The Surgical Management of Infantile Hemangiomas.
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):125-131
    Lenox Hill and Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospitals, Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 210 East 64th Street, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:
    The surgical management of facial infantile hemangiomas presents a unique challenge. The aim of the surgeon should be to remove the hemangioma and to restore normal facial features. Each of the facial zones has its own special features and challenges. Read More

    The Role of Surgery in the Management of Infantile Hemangiomas: What is the Best Timing?
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):119-123
    The Hemangioma and Malformation Treatment Center, Charleston, SC, USA. Electronic address:
    Surgery for the management of infantile hemangiomas has become commonplace. Surgical technique articles are plentiful; however, little has been written about the timing of surgery. Knowledge of the biology of the tumors, data from developmental psychology, and the utility of facial reconstruction provide guidelines for timing of surgical intervention. Read More

    Symptomatic cardiac hemangioma resected on the first day of life.
    J Card Surg 2017 Dec 7. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Chair of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation and Kinesiology, Gdańsk Academy of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland.
    Cardiac tumors are extremely rare in neonates. We describe the case of a right atrial hemangioma in a neonate diagnosed prenatally and successfully operated on the first day of life. Read More

    Nasal Septal Cavernous Hemangioma.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Health Sciences University, Umraniye Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Hemangiomas are benign tumors originating from the skin, mucosa, muscle, gland, and vascular tissue in the bone. Although it is common in the head and neck region, it is rarely seen in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Histologically capillary, cavernous, and mixed types are present, the most common is cavernous-type hemangioma. Read More

    Application of superb microvascular imaging in focal liver lesions.
    World J Gastroenterol 2017 Nov;23(43):7765-7775
    Department of Ultrasound, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310000, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Aim: To explore the ability of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) in differential diagnosis of focal liver lesions (FLLs) and to compare SMI morphology findings to those of color Doppler ultrasound and enhanced imaging.

    Methods: Twenty-four patients with 31 FLLs were included in our study, with diagnoses of hemangioma (HE) (n = 17), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (n = 5), metastatic lesions (n = 5), primary hepatic lymphoma (n = 1), focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) (n = 2), and adenoma (n = 1). Nine lesions were pathologically diagnosed, and 22 lesions were radiologically confirmed, all of which were evaluated by at least two types of enhanced imaging techniques. Read More

    Primary Epithelioid Angiosarcoma of Finger Masquerading as Epithelioid Hemangioma: Report of a Case and Analysis of Mutational Pattern in Epithelioid Hemangiomas and Angiosarcomas by Next-generation Sequencing.
    Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2018 Jan;26(1):e7-e13
    Department of Pathology.
    Aims: We report an unusual case of epithelioid angiosarcoma (AS) mimicking an epithelioid hemangioma (EH) and analyze mutational patterns in EHs and ASs.

    Methods And Results: A 58-year-old woman presented with a finger lump and metastatic lung nodules. Initial needle biopsies showed an EH, with only focal atypical histologic features. Read More

    A rare case of diffuse neurofibroma masquerading as a hemangioma: a radiological perspective.
    J Ultrasound 2017 Dec 7;20(4):343-346. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    The Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP India.
    Diffuse neurofibroma is a rarely encountered subtype of neurofibroma but the most common to be misdiagnosed. Its imaging appearance is very similar to that of a vascular malformation, and it is often labelled one until a biopsy proves it to be otherwise. The infrequency of its association with neurofibromatosis makes it a rare and difficult diagnosis. Read More

    Gene expression profile and long non-coding RNA analysis, using RNA-Seq, in chicken embryonic fibroblast cells infected by avian leukosis virus J.
    Arch Virol 2017 Dec 2. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Institute of Epigenetics and Epigenomics, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, 48 East Wenhui Road, Yangzhou, 225009, Jiangsu, China.
    Avian leukosis virus J (ALVJ) infection induces hematopoietic malignancy in myeloid leukemia and hemangioma in chickens. However, little is known about the mechanisms underpinning the unique pathogenesis of ALVJ. In this study, we investigated the gene expression profiles of ALVJ-infected chicken cells and performed a comprehensive analysis of the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in CEF cells using RNA-Seq. Read More

    Infantile hemangioma: pathogenesis and mechanisms of action of propranolol.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Dec 28;15(12):1185-1190. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Dermatology, University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil.
    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common benign tumor of childhood, with a prevalence of 4 % to 10 %. It is characterized by a proliferative rapid growth phase, which starts after a few weeks of life, followed by a slow regression phase. In IH cases that are potentially disfiguring or life-threatening (10 % to 15 % of all cases), systemic therapy should be promptly initiated. Read More

    Significant inhibition of infantile hemangioma growth by sustained delivery of urea from liposomes-in-microspheres.
    Oncol Rep 2018 Jan 20;39(1):109-118. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Department of Hemangioma and Vascular Malformation, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan 450003, P.R. China.
    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign pediatric tumor, and rapid growth of IH can result in serious morbidity and even mortality. Only one drug Hemangeol™ (propranolol hydrochloride oral solution) has been approved for the treatment of IH, whereas patients suffer from its adverse effects and high frequency of administration. We have used urea, an organic compound and a normal body metabolite, in the treatment of IH for 20 years, and demonstrated that urea is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for IH. Read More

    Retina 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of photodynamic therapy using a double dose of verteporfin for patients with circumscribed choroidal hemangioma.

    Methods: This retrospective comparative case series evaluated data from 10 patients who were treated using double dose photodynamic therapy (12 mg/m) and seven patients who were treated using the standard dose (6 mg/m). A laser was applied with a radiant exposure of 50 J/cm. Read More

    [Vascular anomalies. Part I: vascular tumors].
    Chirurg 2017 Nov 30. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Gefäßchirurgie und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie, Universitätsklinikum, Universität zu Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland.
    Vascular anomalies represent a spectrum of structural disorders and inborn errors of vascular morphogenesis, which may affect the entire arterial and venous vascular tree. They are divided into two major categories: tumors, which exhibit endothelial hyperplasia and malformations, which have normal endothelial turnover unless disturbed. Depending on their nature and complexity they can range from a simple "birthmark" to life-threatening entities. Read More

    Intrasellar cavernous hemangioma presenting as pituitary adenoma: A report of two cases and review of the literature.
    Clin Neuropathol 2017 Nov 30. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    Cavernous hemangioma in the sellar region is quite rare with only a handful of cases being reported in the English literature. Its clinical manifestations and imaging characteristics can mimic those of a pituitary adenoma. We report two cases of recurrent sellar lesions, both of which were clinically suspected of being pituitary adenomas but histologically confirmed as cavernous hemangiomas. Read More

    Solitary pulmonary capillary hemangioma presents as ground glass opacity on computed tomography indicating adenocarcinoma in situ/atypical adenomatous hyperplasia: A case report.
    Biomed Rep 2017 Dec 9;7(6):515-519. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Department of Pathology, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shenyang, Liaoning 110042, P.R. China.
    Solitary pulmonary capillary hemangioma (SPCH) is a rare type of benign lung tumor, which must be distinguished from early lung cancer and precancerous lesions of the lung that manifest in a similar way upon imaging. The current study describes a case of SPCH and a review of the literature is performed. The patient was a 40-year-old Chinese woman who was referred to the Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute (Shenyang, China) in October, 2015 with a cough without obvious inducement. Read More

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia versus Kimura's disease: a case report and a clinical and histopathological comparison.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 May-Jun;92(3):392-394
    Department of Dermatology at Hospital Federal da Lagoa - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.
    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare and benign vascular tumor whose etiology remains uncertain. It clinically presents itself by angiomatous papules or nodules located on the head and neck. Many controversies in the literature are found in relation to angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia and Kimura's disease - its main differential diagnosis - due to their clinical and histopathological similarities. Read More

    Atypical Presentation of Infantile Hepatic Hemangioma: A Case Study.
    Neonatal Netw 2017 Nov;36(6):374-379
    Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) is the most common benign hepatic tumor of infancy. It is characterized by rapid proliferation in the first year of life, followed by slow involution during childhood. Presentation can range from asymptomatic to severe, high-output congestive heart failure (CHF). Read More

    Solitary nodule of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the back masquerading as pyogenic granuloma.
    Mol Clin Oncol 2017 Nov 19;7(5):874-876. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, P.R. China.
    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that most commonly presents as painless lymphadenopathy or subcutaneous masses in the head and neck region. The pathogenesis of the disease is not yet clear. The differential diagnosis is determined using characteristic histological features, such as significant vascular proliferation, lymphocytes and eosinophil inflammation in the dermis. Read More

    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Retina Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Purpose: To report the anatomical and functional response of combined photodynamic therapy and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab in a patient with symptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangioma.

    Methods: The patient received a single-session full-fluence photodynamic therapy immediately followed by an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (1.25 mg/0. Read More

    Clinical and genetic findings in children with CNS arteriovenous fistulas.
    Ann Neurol 2017 Nov 24. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Department of genetics, Hopital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 boulevard de l'Hôpital 75013 Paris, France.
    Objective: To assess the spectrum of genetic anomalies in a cohort of children presenting at least one cerebral or spinal pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF), and to describe their clinical characteristics.

    Methods: From 1988 to 2016, all consecutive patients with at least one cerebral or spinal pial AVF were screened for genetic disease. All patients under the age of 18 years were included. Read More

    Structural malformations of the brain, eye, and pituitary gland in PHACE syndrome.
    Am J Med Genet A 2017 Nov 24. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Department of Dermatology and Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
    PHACE syndrome is the association of segmental facial hemangiomas with congenital arterial, brain, cardiac, and ocular anomalies. Structural brain malformations affect 41-52% of PHACE patients and can be associated with focal neurologic deficits, developmental delays, and/or intellectual disability. To better characterize the spectrum of structural brain and other intracranial anomalies in PHACE syndrome, MRI scans of the head/neck were retrospectively reviewed in 55 patients from the PHACE Syndrome International Clinical Registry and Genetic Repository. Read More

    Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of benign liver lesions.
    Abdom Radiol (NY) 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th Street South, JTN 338, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.
    Liver lesions are often incidentally detected on ultrasound examination and may be incompletely characterized, requiring further imaging. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States for liver lesion characterization. CEUS has the ability to characterize focal liver lesions and has been shown to be superior to color Doppler and power Doppler ultrasound in the detection of tumor vascularity. Read More

    Intraoperative vertebroplasty during surgical decompression and instrumentation for aggressive vertebral hemangiomas: a retrospective study of 39 patients and review of the literature.
    Spine J 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Orthopaedic Department, Peking University Third Hospital, No. 49 North Garden Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address:
    Background Context: Aggressive (Enneking Stage 3, S3) vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are rare, which might require surgery. However, the choice of surgery for S3 VHs remains controversial because of the rarity of these lesions.

    Purpose: We reported our experience of treating S3 VHs, and evaluated the effectiveness and safety of intraoperative vertebroplasty during decompression surgery for S3 VHs. Read More

    Infantile hemangiomas: a 7-year experience of a single-center.
    Clujul Med 2017 20;90(4):396-400. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
    Objectives: The aim of the study was to describe the historical and clinical characteristics of hemangiomas in a series of cases of our clinic.

    Methods: This is a retrospective study of 36 patients with infantile hemangiomas consulted in our clinic.

    Results: We had 14 multiple hemangiomas, and 1 kaposiform hemangioendothelioma. Read More

    Functional Analyses of a Human Vascular Tumor FOS Variant Identify a Novel Degradation Mechanism and a link to Tumorigenesis.
    J Biol Chem 2017 Nov 17. Epub 2017 Nov 17.
    Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), Netherlands
    Epithelioid hemangioma is a locally aggressive vascular neoplasm, found in bones and soft tissue, whose cause is currently unknown, but may involve oncogene activation. FOS was one of the earliest viral oncogenes to be characterized and normal cellular FOS forms part of the activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor complex which plays a pivotal role in cell growth, differentiation and survival as well as the DNA damage response. Despite this, to date, a causal link between aberrant FOS function and naturally occurring tumors has not been established. Read More

    Cardiac arrest in a toddler treated with propranolol for infantile Hemangioma: a case report.
    Ital J Pediatr 2017 Nov 17;43(1):103. Epub 2017 Nov 17.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatric Neurology and Neurophysiology, University Hospital of Padua, Padua, Italy.
    Background: Propranolol has become the first-line treatment for complicated Infantile Hemangioma (IH), showing so far a good risk-benefit profile.

    Case Presentation: We report the case of a toddler, on propranolol, who suffered cardiac arrest during an acute viral infection. She had a neurally-mediated syncope that progressed to asystole, probably because of concurrent factors as dehydration, beta-blocking and probably individual susceptibility to vaso-vagal phenomena. Read More

    [Infantile hemangioma of the eyelid].
    Ophthalmologe 2017 Dec;114(12):1171-1180
    Zentrum für Augenheilkunde, Abteilung für rekonstruktive Lid, Orbita und Tränenwegschirurgie, Brüderkrankenhaus Trier, Nordallee 1, 54292, Trier, Deutschland.
    Hemangiomas are one of the most common vascular tumors in infancy. In most cases no therapy is necessary and spontaneous regression is observed; however, if they arise in the periocular region, immediate action is required as rapid growth frequently leads to obstruction of the visual field with the risk of developing amblyopia and orbital suppression up to permanent disfigurement and stigmatization of those affected. Novel pharmaceutical treatment options led to a significant paradigm shift in the treatment of pediatric hemangiomas. Read More

    Quality of life in children with infantile hemangioma: a case control study.
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 2017 Nov 16;15(1):221. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    Division of Oncology, Department of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, #37 Guo-Xue-Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610041, China.
    Background: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumor in children. It is controversial whether IHs has effects on the quality of life (QOL) in patients of whom IH poses no threat or potential for complication. Thus, we conducted this study to evaluate the q QOL in patients with IH and find the predictors of poor QOL. Read More

    Infantile hemangiomas with conjunctival involvement: An underreported occurrence.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2017 Nov;34(6):681-685
    Department of Dermatology and Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
    Background/objectives: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) involving the conjunctiva are only anecdotally reported in the literature and little is known about their clinical course. In a retrospective case series we aimed to better delineate the clinical presentation, complications, and response to treatment of this uncommon subtype of IH. A classification of conjunctival IH is proposed. Read More

    Apatinib for the treatment of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(45):e8507
    aDepartment of Clinical Laboratory bDepartment of Medical Oncology cDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, P.R. China.
    Rationale: Pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (P-EHE) is a rare tumor, with no established standard treatment. Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) has been reported in some P-EHE patients. Apatinib, a new small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor that specifically targets VEGFR-2, has therapeutic benefits in some advanced tumors. Read More

    Concurrent Sturge-Weber syndrome, facial infantile hemangioma, and cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita.
    Cutis 2017 Oct;100(4):252-254
    Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA.
    We present a unique case of 3 vascular malformations-Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), facial infantile hemangioma (IH), and cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC)-with dermatologic manifestations presenting in the same patient. This case highlights the possibility of occurrence of multiple vascular malformations in the same patient; the potential role of epigenetic factors; and the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose, treat, and manage this complicated interplay of vascular abnormalities to achieve the best outcome. Read More

    Blood flow pattern in a choroidal hemangioma imaged on swept-source-optical coherence tomography angiography.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2017 Nov;65(11):1240-1242
    Dr. R P Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    This report demonstrates the blood flow pattern in a case of choroidal hemangioma (CH) using swept-source-optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Fluorescein angiography, SS-OCT, and SS-OCTA images of a patient with CH were obtained using a standard protocol. The internal vascular pattern of the tumor was identified on both OCT and OCTA. Read More

    Congenital capillary hemangioma arising from palpebral conjunctiva of a neonate.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2017 Nov;65(11):1221-1223
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Capillary hemangioma is the most common benign vascular eyelid tumor in childhood. The periocular lesion appears within the first few weeks after birth and usually has superficial or deep components. Primary conjunctival capillary hemangiomas are rarely reported. Read More

    Cavernous hemangiomas of the third ventricle: Alternative surgical routes in two cases.
    Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara Numune Educational and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:
    Cavernous Hemangiomas (CH) arise from any part of the cerebrum. Intraventricular lesions are rare and pure third ventricular localization is rare for CHs. Cavernomas of the ventricles may present with bleeding or signs associated with hydrocephalus. Read More

    International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies Classification of Soft Tissue Vascular Anomalies: Survey-Based Assessment of Musculoskeletal Radiologists' Use in Clinical Practice.
    Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Section of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.
    Aim: There is controversy regarding the diagnosis and classification of vascular anomalies (VA). As torso and extremities are the second most common body part for presentation of VAs, musculoskeletal (MSK) radiologists play a central role in VA classification. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the awareness and clinical use of the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification by MSK radiologists. Read More

    [The efficacy of multimodal treatment for symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas: A report of 27 cases and a review of the literature].
    Neurochirurgie 2017 Dec 7;63(6):458-467. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Service de neuro chirurgie C, chirurgie du rachis, hôpital P.-Wertheimer, hospices civils de Lyon, université Claude-Bernard Lyon, boulevard Pinel, 69003 Lyon, France; Laboratoire de biomécanique, arts et metiers Paris-Tech, ENSAM, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Vertebral hemangiomas (VH) represent the most common primary bone tumor of the spine and are rarely symptomatic. Currently, there is no consensus for treatment and many therapeutic options are available, alone or in combination including cementoplasty, sclerotherapy, surgery, embolization and/or radiotherapy.

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of a multimodal management for symptomatic VH. Read More

    Extradural hemangioma mimicking a dumbbell nerve sheath tumor in the thoracolumbar spine: Case report.
    Surg Neurol Int 2017 10;8:244. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Department of Orthopaedics, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.
    Background: Extradural hemangiomas are rare, have varied and challenging clinical presentations, and require special considerations from the management point of view.

    Case Description: A 70-year-old female presented with back pain that was ultimately attributed to a thoracolumbar extra-dural "dumbbell" hemangioma. Following surgical resection, the patient did well. Read More

    Epithelioid hemangioma of penis mimicking malignancy: A rare case.
    Urol Ann 2017 Oct-Dec;9(4):397-399
    Department of Pathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Penile epithelioid hemangioma (EH) is a rare vascular neoplasm with no definite etiology. Herein, we report a case of EH of the penis in a 64-year-old man presenting with painless, bleeding mass on the glans penis. The patient underwent local excision, and on histopathological examination, a diagnosis of EH was made. Read More

    Orbital infantile hemangioma and rhabdomyosarcoma in children: differentiation using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging.
    J AAPOS 2017 Nov 4. Epub 2017 Nov 4.
    Section of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russel H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Purpose: To evaluate differences in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance between infantile hemangiomas and rhabdomyosarcomas of the orbit in pediatric patients using diffusion-weighted imaging.

    Methods: A multicenter retrospective review of MRIs of pediatric patients with infantile hemangiomas and rhabdomyosarcomas of the orbit was performed. MRI examinations from a total of 21 patients with infantile hemangiomas and 12 patients with rhabdomyosarcomas of the orbit were independently reviewed by two subspecialty board-certified neuroradiologists masked to the diagnosis. Read More

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