983 results match your criteria Angiogenesis[Journal]


Notch regulates vascular collagen IV basement membrane through modulation of lysyl hydroxylase 3 trafficking.

Angiogenesis 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Denver, Denver, CO, 80210, USA.

Collagen type IV (Col IV) is a basement membrane protein associated with early blood vessel morphogenesis and is essential for blood vessel stability. Defects in vascular Col IV deposition are the basis of heritable disorders, such as small vessel disease, marked by cerebral hemorrhage and drastically shorten lifespan. To date, little is known about how endothelial cells regulate the intracellular transport and selective secretion of Col IV in response to angiogenic cues, leaving a void in our understanding of this critical process. Read More

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High endothelial venules (HEVs) in immunity, inflammation and cancer.

Angiogenesis 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, IPBS, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, Toulouse, France.

High endothelial venules (HEVs) are specialized blood vessels mediating lymphocyte trafficking to lymph nodes (LNs) and other secondary lymphoid organs. By supporting high levels of lymphocyte extravasation from the blood, HEVs play an essential role in lymphocyte recirculation and immune surveillance for foreign invaders (bacterial and viral infections) and alterations in the body's own cells (neoantigens in cancer). The HEV network expands during inflammation in immune-stimulated LNs and is profoundly remodeled in metastatic and tumor-draining LNs. Read More

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The role of redox system in metastasis formation.

Angiogenesis 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Oncology, University of Torino, 10043, Orbassano, Italy.

The metastatic cancer disease represents the real and urgent clinical need in oncology. Therefore, an understanding of the complex molecular mechanisms sustaining the metastatic cascade is critical to advance cancer therapies. Recent studies highlight how redox signaling influences the behavior of metastatic cancer cells, contributes to their travel in bloodstream from the primary tumor to the distant organs and conditions the progression of the micrometastases or their dormant state. Read More

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Vascular endothelial cell specification in health and disease.

Angiogenesis 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Cell Biology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA.

There are two vascular networks in mammals that coordinately function as the main supply and drainage systems of the body. The blood vasculature carries oxygen, nutrients, circulating cells, and soluble factors to and from every tissue. The lymphatic vasculature maintains interstitial fluid homeostasis, transports hematopoietic cells for immune surveillance, and absorbs fat from the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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Adieu to parting Editor in Chief and pioneering scientist Dr. Joyce Bischoff.

Angiogenesis 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Angiogenesis Laboratory, Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

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Mechanisms and cell lineages in lymphatic vascular development.

Angiogenesis 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, UK.

Lymphatic vessels have critical roles in both health and disease and their study is a rapidly evolving area of vascular biology. The consensus on how the first lymphatic vessels arise in the developing embryo has recently shifted. Originally, they were thought to solely derive by sprouting from veins. Read More

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First blood: the endothelial origins of hematopoietic progenitors.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, UK.

Hematopoiesis in vertebrate embryos occurs in temporally and spatially overlapping waves in close proximity to blood vascular endothelial cells. Initially, yolk sac hematopoiesis produces primitive erythrocytes, megakaryocytes, and macrophages. Thereafter, sequential waves of definitive hematopoiesis arise from yolk sac and intraembryonic hemogenic endothelia through an endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition (EHT). Read More

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SMAD6 transduces endothelial cell flow responses required for blood vessel homeostasis.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA.

Fluid shear stress provided by blood flow instigates a transition from active blood vessel network expansion during development, to vascular homeostasis and quiescence that is important for mature blood vessel function. Here we show that SMAD6 is required for endothelial cell flow-mediated responses leading to maintenance of vascular homeostasis. Concomitant manipulation of the mechanosensor Notch1 pathway and SMAD6 expression levels revealed that SMAD6 functions downstream of ligand-induced Notch signaling and transcription regulation. Read More

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Depletion of Arg/Abl2 improves endothelial cell adhesion and prevents vascular leak during inflammation.

Angiogenesis 2021 03 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Angiogenesis Laboratory, Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Endothelial barrier disruption and vascular leak importantly contribute to organ dysfunction and mortality during inflammatory conditions like sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome. We identified the kinase Arg/Abl2 as a mediator of endothelial barrier disruption, but the role of Arg in endothelial monolayer regulation and its relevance in vivo remain poorly understood. Here we show that depletion of Arg in endothelial cells results in the activation of both RhoA and Rac1, increased cell spreading and elongation, redistribution of integrin-dependent cell-matrix adhesions to the cell periphery, and improved adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Read More

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Angiodiversity and organotypic functions of sinusoidal endothelial cells.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Division of Vascular Oncology and Metastasis, German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg (DKFZ-ZMBH Alliance), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

'Angiodiversity' refers to the structural and functional heterogeneity of endothelial cells (EC) along the segments of the vascular tree and especially within the microvascular beds of different organs. Organotypically differentiated EC ranging from continuous, barrier-forming endothelium to discontinuous, fenestrated endothelium perform organ-specific functions such as the maintenance of the tightly sealed blood-brain barrier or the clearance of macromolecular waste products from the peripheral blood by liver EC-expressed scavenger receptors. The microvascular bed of the liver, composed of discontinuous, fenestrated liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC), is a prime example of organ-specific angiodiversity. Read More

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Hydrogel-mediated delivery of microRNA-92a inhibitor polyplex nanoparticles induces localized angiogenesis.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Localized stimulation of angiogenesis is an attractive strategy to improve the repair of ischemic or injured tissues. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) such as miRNA-92a (miR-92a) have been reported to negatively regulate angiogenesis in ischemic disease. To exploit the clinical potential of miR-92a inhibitors, safe and efficient delivery needs to be established. Read More

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Phosphorylation of pericyte FAK-Y861 affects tumour cell apoptosis and tumour blood vessel regression.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Adhesion and Angiogenesis Laboratory, Centre for Tumour Microenvironment, Barts Cancer Institute - a CR-UK Centre of Excellence, Queen Mary University of London, John Vane Science Centre, Charterhouse Square, London, EC1M 6BQ, UK.

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase that is overexpressed in many cancer types and in vivo studies have shown that vascular endothelial cell FAK expression and FAK-phosphorylation at tyrosine (Y) 397, and subsequently FAK-Y861, are important in tumour angiogenesis. Pericytes also play a vital role in regulating tumour blood vessel stabilisation, but the specific involvement of pericyte FAK-Y397 and FAK-Y861 phosphorylation in tumour blood vessels is unknown. Using PdgfrβCre + ;FAK, PdgfrβCre + ;FAK and PdgfrβCre + ;FAK mice, our data demonstrate that tumour growth, tumour blood vessel density, blood vessel perfusion and pericyte coverage were affected only in late stage tumours in PdgfrβCre + ;FAK but not PdgfrβCre + ;FAK mice. Read More

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The adaptor protein Grb2b is an essential modulator for lympho-venous sprout formation in the zebrafish trunk.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 7. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Institute for Cardiovascular Organogenesis and Regeneration, Faculty of Medicine, WWU Münster, Münster, Germany.

Vegfc/Vegfr3 signaling is critical for lymphangiogenesis, the sprouting of lymphatic vessels. In zebrafish, cells sprouting from the posterior cardinal vein can either form lymphatic precursor cells or contribute to intersegmental vein formation. Both, the Vegfc-dependent differential induction of Prox1a in sprouting cells as well as a Notch-mediated pre-pattern within intersegmental vessels have been associated with the regulation of secondary sprout behavior. Read More

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Endothelial TRPV4 channels prevent tumor growth and metastasis via modulation of tumor angiogenesis and vascular integrity.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Integrative Medical Sciences, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, OH, 44272, USA.

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a ubiquitously expressed polymodally activated ion channel. TRPV4 has been implicated in tumor progression; however, the cell-specific role of TRPV4 in tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis is unknown. Here, we generated endothelial-specific TRPV4 knockout (TRPV4) mice by crossing TRPV4 mice with Tie2-Cre mice. Read More

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Linalool inhibits the angiogenic activity of endothelial cells by downregulating intracellular ATP levels and activating TRPM8.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Institute for Clinical & Experimental Surgery, Saarland University, 66421, Homburg, Saarland, Germany.

Angiogenesis crucially contributes to various diseases, such as cancer and diabetic retinopathy. Hence, anti-angiogenic therapy is considered as a powerful strategy against these diseases. Previous studies reported that the acyclic monoterpene linalool exhibits anticancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activity. Read More

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Loss of endothelial glucocorticoid receptor promotes angiogenesis via upregulation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Angiogenesis 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.

Objective: The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a member of the nuclear receptor family that controls key biological processes in the cardiovascular system and has recently been shown to modulate Wnt signaling in endothelial cells. Wnt/β-catenin signaling has been demonstrated to be crucial in the process of angiogenesis. In the current study, we studied whether GR could regulate angiogenesis via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Read More

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7-ketocholesterol induces endothelial-mesenchymal transition and promotes fibrosis: implications in neovascular age-related macular degeneration and treatment.

Angiogenesis 2021 Feb 28. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

The John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, 65 Mario Capecchi Drive, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Oxidized cholesterols and lipids accumulate in Bruch's membrane in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It remains unknown what causal relationship exists between these substances and AMD pathophysiology. We addressed the hypothesis that a prevalent form, 7-ketocholesterol (7KC), promotes choroidal endothelial cell (CEC) migration and macular neovascularization in AMD. Read More

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February 2021

Dysbiotic stress increases the sensitivity of the tumor vasculature to radiotherapy and c-Met inhibitors.

Angiogenesis 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Antibiotic-induced microbial imbalance, or dysbiosis, has systemic and long-lasting effects on the host and response to cancer therapies. However, the effects on tumor endothelial cells are largely unknown. Therefore, the goal of the current study was to generate matched B16-F10 melanoma associated endothelial cell lines isolated from mice with and without antibiotic-induced dysbiosis. Read More

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February 2021

Atorvastatin pleiotropically decreases intraplaque angiogenesis and intraplaque haemorrhage by inhibiting ANGPT2 release and VE-Cadherin internalization.

Angiogenesis 2021 Feb 7. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objective: Statins pleiotropically provide additional benefits in reducing atherosclerosis, but their effects on intraplaque angiogenesis (IPA) and hemorrhage (IPH) remain unclear. Therefore, we discriminated statin's lipid-lowering dependent and independent effects on IPA and IPH.

Approach And Results: ApoE3*Leiden mice are statin-responsive due to ApoE and LDLR presence, but also allow to titrate plasma cholesterol levels by diet. Read More

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February 2021

Refractory severe idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome successfully treated with bevacizumab: a case report.

Angiogenesis 2021 Feb 7. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France.

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February 2021

The DOCK protein family in vascular development and disease.

Angiogenesis 2021 Feb 6. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Genetics Research Centre, Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St. George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK.

The vascular network is established and maintained through the processes of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, which are tightly regulated during embryonic and postnatal life. The formation of a functional vasculature requires critical cellular mechanisms, such as cell migration, proliferation and adhesion, which are dependent on the activity of small Rho GTPases, controlled in part by the dedicator of cytokinesis (DOCK) protein family. Whilst the majority of DOCK proteins are associated with neuronal development, a growing body of evidence has indicated that members of the DOCK family may have key functions in the control of vasculogenic and angiogenic processes. Read More

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February 2021

RSF1 requires CEBP/β and hSNF2H to promote IL-1β-mediated angiogenesis: the clinical and therapeutic relevance of RSF1 overexpression and amplification in myxofibrosarcomas.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, 123, Ta-Pei Rd., Niao-Sung District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Myxofibrosarcoma is genetically complex and lacks effective nonsurgical treatment strategies; thus, elucidation of novel molecular drivers is urgently needed. Reanalyzing public myxofibrosarcoma datasets, we identified mRNA upregulation and recurrent gain of RSF1 and characterized this chromatin remodeling gene. Myxofibrosarcoma cell lines were employed to elucidate the oncogenic mechanisms of RSF1 by genetic manipulation and two IL-1β-neutralizing antibodies (RD24, P2D7KK), highlighting the regulatory basis and targetability of downstream IL-1β-mediated angiogenesis. Read More

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January 2021

A novel lymphatic pattern promotes metastasis of cervical cancer in a hypoxic tumour-associated macrophage-dependent manner.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 23. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 151 Yanjiang Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510120, People's Republic of China.

Lymphatic remodelling in the hypoxic tumour microenvironment (TME) is critically involved in the metastasis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC); however, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we uncovered a novel lymphatic pattern in the hypoxic TME, wherein lymphatic vessels (LVs) are encapsulated by tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) to form an interconnected network. We describe these aggregates as LVEM (LVs encapsulated by TAMs) considering their advantageous metastatic capacity and active involvement in early lymph node metastasis (LNM). Read More

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January 2021

Human endothelial colony-forming cells provide trophic support for pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes via distinctively high expression of neuregulin-1.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 17. Epub 2021 Jan 17.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave., Enders 349, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

The search for a source of endothelial cells (ECs) with translational therapeutic potential remains crucial in regenerative medicine. Human blood-derived endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) represent a promising source of autologous ECs due to their robust capacity to form vascular networks in vivo and their easy accessibility from peripheral blood. However, whether ECFCs have distinct characteristics with translational value compared to other ECs remains unclear. Read More

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January 2021

To be or not to be: endothelial cell plasticity in development, repair, and disease.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Division of Developmental Biology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Endothelial cells display an extraordinary plasticity both during development and throughout adult life. During early development, endothelial cells assume arterial, venous, or lymphatic identity, while selected endothelial cells undergo additional fate changes to become hematopoietic progenitor, cardiac valve, and other cell types. Adult endothelial cells are some of the longest-lived cells in the body and their participation as stable components of the vascular wall is critical for the proper function of both the circulatory and lymphatic systems, yet these cells also display a remarkable capacity to undergo changes in their differentiated identity during injury, disease, and even normal physiological changes in the vasculature. Read More

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January 2021

Circulating Von Willebrand factor and high molecular weight multimers as markers of endothelial injury predict COVID-19 in-hospital mortality.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Université de Paris, Institut Cochin, INSERM, 75014 Paris, France, Hematology Department Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris. Centre-Université de Paris (APHP-CUP), Cochin Hospital, 75014, Paris, France.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory disease associated with endotheliitis and microthrombosis.

Objectives: To correlate endothelial dysfunction to in-hospital mortality in a bi-centric cohort of COVID-19 adult patients.

Methods: Consecutive ambulatory and hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 were enrolled. Read More

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January 2021

RIPK3 modulates growth factor receptor expression in endothelial cells to support angiogenesis.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Cardiovascular Biology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, 825 NE 13th Street, Oklahoma City, OK, 73104, USA.

Receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) is a multifunctional intracellular protein that was first recognized as an important component of the necroptosis programmed cell death pathway. RIPK3 is also highly expressed in non-necroptotic murine embryonic endothelial cells (ECs) during vascular development, indicating its potential contribution to angiogenesis. To test this hypothesis, we generated mice lacking endothelial RIPK3 and found non-lethal embryonic and perinatal angiogenesis defects in multiple vascular beds. Read More

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January 2021

Protection of capillaries may be critical in delaying aging around the eyes and prevention of facial plastic surgery.

Angiogenesis 2021 02 15;24(1):17-18. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Zibo Central Hospital, No. 54 The Communist Youth League Road, Zibo, 255000, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

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February 2021

YAP promotes ocular neovascularization by modifying PFKFB3-driven endothelial glycolysis.

Angiogenesis 2021 Jan 5. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 # Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Ocular neovascularization is the leading cause of vision impairment in a variety of ocular diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration and retinopathy of prematurity. Emerging studies have suggested that the yes-associated protein (YAP), a downstream effector of the Hippo pathway, is involved in the pathological angiogenesis, but the mechanism are largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that hypoxic treatment triggered YAP expression and nuclear translocation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Read More

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January 2021