51,687 results match your criteria Angina Pectoris


Coronary sinus reducer for the treatment of chronic refractory angina pectoris.

Future Cardiol 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Interventional Cardiology Unit, GVM Care & Research Maria Cecilia Hospital, Via Madonna di Genova 1, Cotignola, RA, 48033, Italy.

Refractory angina represents the final stage of chronic coronary artery disease, where anginal symptoms persist despite complete epicardial coronary artery revascularization and maximally tolerated pharmacological therapy. Percutaneous narrowing of the coronary sinus with the Coronary Sinus Reducer device was first attempted in humans in 2005 and has been shown to improve angina symptoms and the quality of life of patients suffering chronic refractory angina. It was recently included in the European guidelines for the management of chronic coronary syndrome and is progressively gaining popularity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Tip detection-antegrade dissection and reentry using intravascular ultrasound in chronic total occlusion intervention: first human case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2022 Jun 10;6(6):ytac233. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital, 2-4-32 Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka 530-0001, Japan.

Background: It has been considered impossible to perform antegrade dissection and reentry (ADR) by simply puncturing with a guidewire using the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) observation without the support of the Stingray system.

Case Summary: A 78-year-old man suffered from effort angina pectoris due to a chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion in the left circumflex coronary artery. A retry percutaneous coronary intervention for the CTO lesion was attempted at our hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Outcome Impact of Cilostazol in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease or at a High Risk of Cardiovascular Disease.

J Pers Med 2022 Jun 6;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 704302, Taiwan.

Previous studies found that cilostazol has a favorable effect on glucose and lipid homeostasis, endothelial function, atherosclerosis, and vasculo-angiogenesis. However, it is poorly understood whether these effects can translate into better clinical outcomes. This study investigated the outcome effect of cilostazol in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or at a high risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Structured Allocation of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Patients during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Impact on Patient Selection and Clinical Results.

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2022 Jun 10;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, Moorenstr. 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.

Due to shortages of medical resources during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an allocation algorithm for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) was established. We investigated the impact on patient selection and procedural results. In total, 456 TAVR patients before (pre-COVID-19 group) and 456 TAVR patients after (COVID-19 group) the implementation of our allocation algorithm were compared. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The temporal association of hyperhidrosis and its co-morbidities - a nationwide hospital-based cohort study.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Research on hyperhidrosis comorbidities has documented the co-occurrence of diseases but has not provided information about temporal disease associations.

Objective: To investigate the temporal disease trajectories of individuals with hospital diagnosed hyperhidrosis.

Methods: This is a hospital-based nationwide cohort study including all patients with a hospital contact in Denmark between 1994 and 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Serum IMA and LP-PLA2 Levels in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease and Their Correlation with the Degree of Myocardial Ischaemia and Their Diagnostic Value.

Emerg Med Int 2022 11;2022:1698315. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

Purpose: To measure serum levels of ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (LP-PLA2) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to analyse their correlation with the degree of myocardial ischaemia and their diagnostic value.

Methods: A sample of 150 patients diagnosed with CHD by coronary angiography in our hospital from March 2019 to September 2021 was taken as the CHD group. The patients were divided into acute myocardial infarction (AMI) group ( = 52), unstable angina pectoris (UAP) group ( = 54), and stable angina pectoris (SAP) group ( = 44) according to the degree of myocardial ischaemia, and then 50 healthy physical examination patients were selected as the health group during the same period. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Preventive effect of tetramethylpyrazine on nitroglycerin-tolerance in rats by improving oxidative stress and ribosome homeostasis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2022 Jun 8;618:141-147. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

International Cooperative Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Modernization and Innovative Drug Development of Chinese Ministry of Education, Jinan University College of Pharmacy, Guangzhou, 510632, China. Electronic address:

Nitroglycerin (NTG) is recommended as the first-line drug in angina pectoris though its prolonged use impacts nitroglycerin tolerance. In this study, we investigated the preventive effect of Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), a famous Chinese medicine used for cardiovascular diseases, on NTG-induced tolerance and further explained the underlying mechanism of its action. The results revealed that pretreatment of TMP improved NTG-induced tolerance in vitro thoracic aorta rings and in rats. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dynamic Changes in Red Cell Distribution Width Can Predict Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events after PCI in Patients with Unstable Angina Pectoris: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Dis Markers 2022 8;2022:2735717. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Cardiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Taian, China.

Background: The increased red cell distribution width (RDW) is related to a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is yet unclear whether the dynamic change of RDW is associated with the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) for individual with CVD.

Methods And Results: A cohort study was conducted among 228 patients who had unstable angina (UA) and underwent PCI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Network Pharmacology Analysis and Experimental Verification Strategies Reveal the Action Mechanism of Danshen Decoction in Treating Ischemic Cardiomyopathy.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 2;2022:7578055. Epub 2022 May 2.

State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau Institute for Applied Research in Medicine and Health, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China.

Background: Danshen Decoction comprises , , and . It can promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis, and is commonly used in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, etc. This research is based on network pharmacology and is experimentally verified to explore the potential mechanism of Danshen Decoction in the treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Major Adverse Cardiac Events after Elective Infrarenal Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Surgery, Rijnstate, Arnhem, The Netherlands.

Objective: There is a significant cardiac morbidity and mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, information about long-term risk of cardiac events after EVAR and potential predictors is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine incidence and predictors of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at one- and five-years after elective EVAR for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Common Variant at the 3'untranslated Region of the CCL7 Gene (rs17735770) Is Associated With Decreased Susceptibility to Coronary Heart Disease.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 31;9:908070. Epub 2022 May 31.

Unidad de Investigación, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular Materno-Infantil, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

Monocytes participate in the development of atherosclerosis through the action of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators. Among them, CCR2 and its ligands, CCL2 and CCL7 play an important role, so the main objective of this work was to determine whether genetic variants affecting their activity were associated with cardiovascular disease. A cohort of 519 patients that have suffered coronary events was analyzed under a propensity score-matching protocol selecting a homogeneous set of cases and controls, according to age, sex, smoking status, dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension and type 2 diabetes as risk factors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Contemporary Management of Refractory Angina.

Interv Cardiol Clin 2022 Jul;11(3):279-292

The Carl and Edyth Lindner Center for Research and Education, The Christ Hospital, 2123 Auburn Avenue, Suite 424, Cincinnati, OH 45219, USA. Electronic address:

Refractory angina (RA) is defined as chest pain caused by coronary ischemia in patients on maximal medical therapy and is not amenable to revascularization despite advanced coronary artery disease (CAD). The long-term prognosis has improved with optimal medical therapy including risk factor modification. Still, patients are left with major impairment in quality of life and have high resource utilization with limited treatment options. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Beyond Structural Angiography: The Emergence of Functional Coronary Angiography.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2022 Jun;79(24):2379-2382

Discipline of Medicine, Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Central Adelaide Local Health Network, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Health Research, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects and safety of Sacubitril/Valsartan (SV) on heart function and blood pressure in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.

Am J Transl Res 2022 15;14(5):3439-3447. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University No. 1 Youyi Road, Yuanjiagang, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400016, P. R. China.

To observe the effects and safety of Sacubitril/Valsartan (SV) on heart function and blood pressure in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The clinical data and biochemical parameters of MHD patients were retrospectively analyzed. These MHD patients, who were collected from January 2020 to June 2021 in the Blood Purification Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, received SV treatment to control heart failure (HF). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Management of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation].

Herz 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Klinik für Innere Medizin/Kardiologie, Herzzentrum Leipzig - Universität Leipzig, Strümpellstr. 39, 04289, Leipzig, Deutschland.

The collective term acute coronary syndrome (ACS) encompasses ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS). The latter comprises unstable angina pectoris and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). The diagnosis of STEMI necessitates an immediate referral to cardiac catheterization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Increased plasma glutamate in non-smokers with vasospastic angina pectoris is associated with plasma cystine and antioxidant capacity.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2022 Dec;56(1):180-186

Department of Cardiology, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa, Japan.

. Endothelial dysfunction caused by oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of vasospastic angina pectoris (VSAP). Glutamate causes endothelial dysfunction by generating oxidative stress, and it inhibits cystine import into endothelial cells via the cystine/glutamate antiporter (X), which leads to depletion of antioxidant glutathione. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2022

Periodontitis and cardiovascular disease: A literature review.

ARYA Atheroscler 2021 Sep;17(5):1-8

Postgraduate Student, Student Research Committee, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are in charge of many deaths worldwide including myocardial infarction (MI), hypertension (HTN), coronary atherosclerosis (CAS), infective endocarditis (IE), heart failure (HF), arterial fibrillation (AF), and peripheral artery disease (PAD). Besides, periodontitis is the sixth prevalent disease among humans and it seems that there are common risk factors between these diseases which are creating communication between prevalence and treatment. The purpose of this study is to assess the articles that reviewed the relationship between heart diseases and periodontitis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The uric acid to albumin ratio: a novel predictor of long-term cardiac mortality in patients with unstable angina pectoris after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2022 Jun 8:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, P.R. China.

The prognosis of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) differs from non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is considered to improve outcomes of UAP. This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of uric acid to albumin ratio (UAR) for long-term mortality in UAP patients after PCI. Our study retrospectively enrolled 2298 patients hospitalized because of UAP in a tertiary hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Coronary microvascular dysfunction: mechanisms and clinical outcome].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2022 Jun;23(6):397-407

Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Internistiche, Anestesiologiche e Cardiovascolari, Sapienza Università di Roma, Roma.

A large percentage of patients, predominantly female, who undergo coronary angiography for typical chest pain do not have significant coronary stenosis. Many of these patients with microvascular myocardial disease have left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiomyopathies, valve disease, or other clinical conditions. The definition of microvascular angina is based on (i) symptoms of myocardial ischemia, (ii) absence of obstructive coronary artery disease (<50% stenosis on coronary angiography or coronary computed tomography scan), (iii) objective evidence of myocardial ischemia (ischemic electrocardiographic abnormalities during episodes of chest pain and/or myocardial perfusion defects or regional contractility abnormalities), and (iv) pathological indices of microcirculation (index of microcirculatory resistance >25, coronary flow reserve <2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Risk of cardiovascular events associated with pathophysiological phenotypes of type 2 diabetes.

Eur J Endocrinol 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

H Beck-Nielsen, Steno Diabetes Center Odense, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Objective: Hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes is caused by varying degrees of two defects: low insulin sensitivity and beta-cell dysfunction. We assessed if subgrouping of patients into three pathophysiological phenotypes according to these defects could identify individuals with high or low risk of future cardiovascular events.

Design: Prospective cohort study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Honghua Injection in the Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease Angina Pectoris.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 25;2022:4537043. Epub 2022 May 25.

Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 301600, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of honghua injection combined with western medicine in the treatment of coronary heart disease angina pectoris.

Methods: Computer extensively searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China Biomedical Archives (SinoMed), China Knowledge Network (CNKI), Chinese Journal Full-text Database (VIP), Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (Wanfang), and collected randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of honghua injection combined with western medicine in the treatment of coronary heart disease angina pectoris. Use Review Manager5. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Beneficial effects of carvedilol modulating potassium channels on the control of glucose.

Authors:
Xian-Tao Li

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 Jun 6;150:113057. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Neuroscience, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China; School of Medicine, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China. Electronic address:

The increased prevalence of hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is evident worldwide, leading to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease onset, which is substantially associated with disabilities and mortality in the clinic. In order to achieve the satisfyingly clinical outcomes and prognosis, the comprehensive therapies have been conducted with a beneficial effect on both blood pressure and glucose homeostasis, and clinical trials reveal that some kind of antihypertensive drugs such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) may, at least in part, meet the dual requirement during the disease management. As a nonselective β-blocker, carvedilol is employed for treating many cardiovascular diseases in clinical practice, including hypertension, angina pectoris and heart failure, and also exhibit the effectiveness for glycemic control and insulin resistance. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of trauma cases in different types of mass gathering events.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2022 Jun;28(6):781-789

Department of Disaster Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University Institute of Health Sciences, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: There are several factors affecting trauma cases in mass gatherings (MG). Event type, mood of the crowd, age, gender and educational background are among these factors. It is to identify the relationship between the event types of trauma cases and temperature variables observed in MG. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Angina pectoris - Ziel ist die Steigerung der Lebensqualität.

MMW Fortschr Med 2022 Jun;164(11):65

Freier Medizinjournalist, Possenhofenerstr. 24, 82302, Starnberg, Germany.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association Between Admission Pulse Pressure and Long-Term Mortality in Elderly Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Admitted for Acute Coronary Syndrome: An Observational Cohort Study.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 11;9:855602. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of pulse pressure (PP) at admission on long-term cardiac and all-cause mortality among elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) admitted for acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. The patients aged at least 65 years with T2DM and ACS from January 2013 to April 2018 were enrolled and divided into 4 groups according to admission PP: <50 mmHg; 50-59 mmHg; 60-69 mmHg, and ≥70 mmHg. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Landscape of Metabonomics for Intermingled Phlegm and Blood Stasis and Its Concurrent Syndromes in Stable Angina Pectoris of Coronary Heart Disease.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 13;9:871142. Epub 2022 May 13.

First Clinical College, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang, China.

Objectives: In this study, we analyzed the metabonomics of intermingled phlegm and blood stasis (IPBS) and its three concurrent syndromes in patients with stable angina pectoris of coronary heart disease.

Methods: A total of 164 sera of separated outpatients from 12 national tradition Chinese medicine clinical research centers with IPBS or concurrent syndromes were collected for the study and assessed with LC-ESI-MS/MS (liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem-mass spectrometry)-based metabolomics and multivariate statistical analysis.

Results: Non-differential metabolites between IPBS and its separate syndrome combined with the top 100 most abundant metabolites in four groups were screened to reflect the essence of IPBS. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and validation of a LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of Ivabradine and Metoprolol in rat plasma.

J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 2022 May 26;116:107186. Epub 2022 May 26.

University College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur 522510, Andhra Pradesh, India; Quest International University, Perak 30250, Malaysia.

The combination of Ivabradine (IVA) and Metoprolol (MET) was approved by US-FDA for symptomatic treatment of chronic stable angina pectoris. Hence, a potential analytical method that can simultaneously quantify these two drugs is required. In view of this, a novel and fully validated LC-ESI-MS/MS method has been established for the quantification of IVA and MET in rat plasma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The relation between red blood cell distribution width and coronary atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability detected by intracoronary optical coherence tomography.

Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Cardiology, 12th ward, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing Key Laboratory of Precision Medicine of Coronary Atherosclerotic Disease, Clinical center for coronary heart disease, Capital Medical University,Beijing 100029, China.

Background: A higher red blood cell distribution width (RDW) predicts major adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there are only few studies regarding the relationship between RDW and vulnerable plaques. Thus, the purpose of present study is to retrospectively explore the predictive value of the association between RDW and plaque vulnerability assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and user-testing of a digital patient decision aid to facilitate shared decision-making for people with stable angina.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2022 05 27;22(1):143. Epub 2022 May 27.

Centre for Applied Research in Health, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH, UK.

Background: Research shows that people with stable angina need decision support when considering elective treatments. Initial treatment is with medicines but patients may gain further benefit with invasive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Choosing between these treatments can be challenging for patients because both confer similar benefits but have different risks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of Clinical and Morphological Factors on Long-Term Mortality in Patients with Myocardial Bridge.

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2022 Apr 25;9(5). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, 1122 Budapest, Hungary.

Although myocardial bridging (MB) has been intensively investigated using different methods, the effect of bridge morphology on long-term outcome is still doubtful. We aimed at describing the anatomical differences in coronary angiography between symptomatic and non-symptomatic LAD myocardial bridges and to investigate the influence of clinical and morphological factors on long-term mortality. In our retrospective, long-term, single center study we found relevant MB on the left anterior descendent (LAD) coronary artery in 146 cases during a two-year period, when 11,385 patients underwent coronary angiography due to angina pectoris. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF