50,959 results match your criteria Angina Pectoris


Validation of the Italian HeartQoL: a short health-related quality of life questionnaire for patients with ischemic heart disease.

Intern Emerg Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

College of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

The psychometric properties of the core disease-specific 14-item Italian HeartQoL health-related quality of life questionnaire have been evaluated in this study. The Italian version of the HeartQoL, the MacNew questionnaire, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were completed by 472 patients (angina, N = 183; myocardial infarction, N = 167; or ischemic heart failure, N = 122) who were recruited in five Italian centers (Florence, Veruno, Turin, Udine, and Naples) between 2015 and 2017. Patients with myocardial infarction reported significantly higher HeartQoL scores than patients with angina or ischemic heart failure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Levels and clinical significance of serum homocysteine (Hcy), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), vaspin, and visfatin in elderly patients with different types of coronary heart disease.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 May;10(5):5679-5686

Department of Geriatric ICU, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China; Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sichuan Translational Medicine Research Hospital, Chengdu, China.

Background: To investigate the levels and clinical significance of serum homocysteine (Hcy), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin), and visceral fat-specific adipokine (visfatin) in elderly patients with different types of coronary heart disease (CHD).

Methods: A total of 208 elderly patients with CHD admitted to our hospital were selected as the observation group, and 57 healthy volunteers who received physical examinations during the same period were selected as the healthy control group. The patients in the observation group were divided into a stable angina pectoris (SAP) group, an unstable angina pectoris (UAP) group, and an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) group according to their clinical diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gender characteristics of lipid profile parameters and markers of vascular inflammation in patients with stable angina pectoris in groups with presence and absence of type 2 diabetes.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Jun;66(6):325-332

Tyumen Cardiology Research Center, Tomsk National Research Medical Center RAS.

The study of the parameters of the lipid profile and markers of the inflammatory reaction of the vascular wall in patients with stable angina pectoris in the presence or absence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is of great importance for revealing the gender characteristics of the pathophysiological mechanisms of the development and course of diseases, developing secondary prevention of complications and determining the prognosis. 194 patients with stable angina pectoris (SA), single-vessel coronary artery disease, mean age 60.3 ± 7. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of Angina Among Primary Care Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jun 1;4(6):e2112800. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Angina pectoris is associated with morbidity and mortality. Angina prevalence and frequency among contemporary US populations with coronary artery disease (CAD) remain incompletely defined.

Objective: To ascertain the angina prevalence and frequency among stable outpatients with CAD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CHADS-VASC score predicts coronary artery disease progression and mortality after ventricular arrhythmia in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc 2021 Jun 25;34:100802. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Internal Medicine II, University Hospital Bonn, Venusberg-Campus 1, 53127 Bonn, Germany.

Aim: The CHADS-VASC score has expanded its use beyond the initial purpose of predicting the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. We aimed to investigate the value of the CHADS-VASC score as a risk assessment tool to predict relevant coronary artery disease (CAD) leading to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and all-cause mortality after detected ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in patients with an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD).

Methods: A total of 183 ICD-patients who underwent coronary angiography after VA were included and classified according to their CHADS-VASC score in a low(1-3), intermediate(4-5) and high(6-8) score group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Surgical retrieval of an entrapped stent and a stuck snare device during percutaneous coronary intervention.

J Cardiol Cases 2021 Jun 6;23(6):287-289. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital, Japan.

A 69-year-old male patient with a history of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) underwent another PCI to the stenosis of the medium LAD as part of therapy for angina pectoris. Interruption of stent delivery because of past stent led to stent entrapment and a stuck guidewire. A snare catheter device was applied to retrieve the stent; however, the device lost mobility. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association between Changes in the Systolic Blood Pressure from Evening to the Next Morning and Night Glucose Variability in Heart Disease Patients.

Intern Med 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of cardiovascular Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Japan.

Aims To assess the impact of glycemic variability on blood pressure in hospitalized patients with cardiac disease. Methods In 40 patients with cardiovascular disease, the glucose levels were monitored by flash continuous glucose monitoring (FGM; Free-Style Libre™ or Free-Style Libre Pro; Abbott, Witney, Oxfordshire, UK) and self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) for 14 days. Blood pressure measurements were performed twice daily (morning and evening) at the same time as the glucose level measurement using SMBG. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Congenital coronary artery-to-pulmonary fistula with giant aneurysmal dilatation and thrombus formation: a case report and review of literature.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jun 4;21(1):273. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Center of Internal Medicine, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167 Beilishi Rd, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100037, People's Republic of China.

Background: Coronary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal vascular communication between the coronary artery and pulmonary artery. While most patients remain asymptomatic, some might exhibit symptoms of myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, or even sudden cardiac death if coronary aneurysm, thrombosis, infective carditis, or other congenital cardiac defects coexist. Case presentation We present a 66-year-old male complaining of angina pectoris with a history of hypertension and active smoking. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Skin diseases in hospitalized geriatrics: a 9-year analysis from a University Dermatology Center in Germany.

Arch Dermatol Res 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Hauptstraße 7, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.

The demographic trend of an ageing society is mirrored in the rising number of hospitalized geriatric patients in Germany. However, there is still a wide gap of knowledge regarding the dermatological diseases, comorbidities and performed procedures within this growingly important group of patients. The study was conducted as a retrospective monocentric data analysis of all patients 65 years or older from the Department of Dermatology, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Germany. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association Between Serum Elabela Levels and Chronic Totally Occlusion in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Gaziantep University Medicine Faculty, Departamento de Cardiologia, Gaziantep - Turquia.

Background: The beneficial effects of Elabela on the cardiovascular system have been shown in studies.

Objective: To compare serum Elabela levels of chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients with control patients with normal coronary arteries, and to investigate whether there is a correlation with collateral development.

Methods: The study was planned cross-sectionally and prospectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Bisoprolol Hemifumarate via Combined Effect of Iontophoresis and Chemical Enhancers: Ex Vivo Permeation/In Vivo Pharmacokinetic Studies.

Pharmaceutics 2021 May 10;13(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahram Canadian University, Giza 19228, Egypt.

Bisoprolol hemifumarate (BH) is an antihypertensive drug that is used as first-line treatment for chronic hypertension and angina pectoris. Our study was performed to enhance the transdermal delivery of BH, a hydrophilic drug active with high molecular weight, through differently prepared hydrogels. The synergistic effect of permeation enhancers and iontophoresis was investigated via both ex vivo and in vivo permeation studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prediction of major complications and readmission after lumbar spinal fusion: a machine learning-driven approach.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Given the significant cost and morbidity of patients undergoing lumbar fusion, accurate pre-operative risk-stratification would be of great utility. We aim to develop a machine learning model for prediction of major complications and readmission after lumbar fusion. We also aim to identify the factors most important to performance of each tested model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Return to work after coronary artery bypass grafting and aortic valve replacement surgery: A scoping review.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery and aortic valve replacement surgery are essential treatment options for people suffering from angina pectoris or aortic valve disease. Surgery aims to prolong life expectancy, improve quality of life, and facilitate participation in society for the individuals afflicted. The aim of this review was to explore the literature on work participation in patients following coronary artery bypass grafting or aortic valve replacement surgery, and to identify demographic and clinical characteristics associated with returning to work. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Food Sources Contributing to Intake of Choline and Individual Choline Forms in a Norwegian Cohort of Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris.

Front Nutr 2021 14;8:676026. Epub 2021 May 14.

Centre for Nutrition, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Choline is an essential nutrient involved in a wide range of physiological functions. It occurs in water- and lipid-soluble forms in the body and diet. Foods with a known high choline content are eggs, beef, chicken, milk, fish, and selected plant foods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Kuanxiong Aerosol () in Treatment of Angina Pectoris: A Literature Review and Network Pharmacology.

Chin J Integr Med 2021 Jun 28;27(6):470-480. Epub 2021 May 28.

The Second Clinical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510120, China.

Angina pectoris (AP) is the most common symptom of cardiovascular diseases, which seriously affects the quality of life in cardiovascular patients. Kuanxiong (KX) Aerosol (), a compound preparation that consists of 5 traditional Chinese medicines: Herba Asari , Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum, Lignum Santali Albi, Fructus Piperis Longi, and Borneolum, has been used in the treatment of AP for many years, exhibiting a significant curative effect and less side-effect. For the convenience and comprehensive understanding of KX Aerosol, this review systematically summarizes evidence on KX Aerosol in the treatment of AP including the pharmacological effects of its composition, clinical research, animal experiments, and network pharmacology prediction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of Shexiang Tongxin Dripping Pills combined with conventional therapy of coronary heart disease].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 May;46(9):2325-2332

School of Management, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 100029, China.

The aim of the research was to evaluate the efficacy and safety associated with Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy for patients with coronary heart disease(CHD). We searched 8 electronic databases up to November 2020, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and SinoMed. Eligible studies were clinical trials of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy used in the treatment of coronary heart disease(CHD). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Systematic evaluation on efficacy and safety of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treatment of angina pectoris and coronary heart disease].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 May;46(9):2317-2324

Evidence-based Medicine Center, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Tianjin 300193, China.

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and co-ronary heart disease. CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved on computer, and the randomized clinical trial(RCT) on Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, which were published from the database establishment to December 31, 2019, were comprehensively collected. Literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted independently by two researchers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Analysis on disease burden and direct medical cost of Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablets in patients with cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 May;46(9):2309-2316

Center for Evidence-based Chinese Medicine, Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Beijing 100700, China.

The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease in China has become a major public health problem, and the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease is in urgent need. For the reality of integrated Chinese and Western medicine in the Chinese health care system, we can consider the service ability of traditional Chinese medicine. Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablet is a kind of Chinese patent medicine commonly used in the treatment of recovery stage of ischemic stroke and angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Effect of total phenolic part of Rhus chinensis against myocardial ischemia in mice].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 May;46(9):2254-2259

School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 100029, China.

Rhus chinensis is an important resource plant. The aqueous extract of R. chinensis roots or stems was to produce Shuguantong Syrup, which is mainly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris with definite curative effect. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with microvascular angina: an international and prospective cohort study by the Coronary Vasomotor Disorders International Study (COVADIS) Group.

Eur Heart J 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Barbra Streisand Women's Heart Center, Smidt Heart Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Aims: To provide multi-national, multi-ethnic data on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with microvascular angina (MVA).

Methods And Results: The Coronary Vasomotor Disorders International Study Group proposed the diagnostic criteria for MVA. We prospectively evaluated the clinical characteristics of patients according to these criteria and their prognosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ivabradine Monotherapy for the Treatment of Congenital Junctional Ectopic Tachycardia in a Premature Neonate.

J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther 2021 19;26(4):414-417. Epub 2021 May 19.

Congenital junctional ectopic tachycardia is a rare and special type of supraventricular arrhythmia. Junctional ectopic tachycardia is characterized by persistently elevated heart rates that may cause an impairment in cardiac function. Junctional ectopic tachycardia is considered one of the most difficult-to-treat conditions even with a combination of antiarrhythmic medications. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance image analysis and mechanism study for the changes after treatments for primary microvascular angina pectoris.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26038

Zhejiang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine (HangZhou Red Cross Hospital), Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Abstract: Most cases of primary microvascular angina pectoris (PMVA) are diagnosed clinically, but the etiology and pathological mechanisms are unknown. The effect of routine clinical medications is minimal, and PMVA can progress to serious cardiovascular events. To improve the diagnosis and effective treatment of this disease, this study was designed to diagnose PMVA via cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and the coronary angiography thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) blood flow grade, as well as to analyze vascular endothelial function to elucidate the pathogenesis of PMVA and compare the effects of routine clinical medications. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and impact of fibrinolytic dysregulation in patients with acute coronary syndromes.

Thromb J 2021 May 22;19(1):33. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Cardiology, Dongguan People's Hospital, Southern Medical University, Dongguan, 523059, Guangdong, China.

Objective: Dual antiplatelet therapy can reduce coronary thrombosis and improve the prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, there was limited prognostic information about fibrinolytic dysregulation in patients with ACS. This study is aimed to evaluated the prevalence and impact of fibrinolytic dysregulation in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predictive nursing helps improve treatment efficacy, treatment compliance, and quality of life in unstable angina pectoris patients.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(4):3473-3479. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

The Second District of Comprehensive Internal Medicine, South Hospital of Chenzhou First People's Hospital Chenzhou 423000, Hunan Province, China.

Objective: This paper aims to explore the effects of predictive nursing on the treatment efficacy in unstable angina pectoris (UAP) patients and on their treatment compliance and quality of life (QOL).

Methods: Admitted to our hospital from November 2017 to August 2019, 110 UAP patients were recruited as the study cohort and randomized into a control group (CG) and an observation group (OG). Among them, 53 patients in the CG underwent routine nursing, and the remaining 57 patients in the OG underwent additional predictive nursing in addition to the routine nursing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The feasibility of using Hcy, CRP, and Cys-C to analyze AMI patients' disease conditions and prognoses.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(4):2724-2730. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical University Chengde City, Hebei Province, China.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of using the serum homocysteine (Hcy), C-reactive protein (CRP), and cystatin C (Cys-C) levels to evaluate the conditions and prognoses of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients.

Methods: One hundred and twenty patients with AMI were enrolled as an observation group (the AMI group). Eighty patients with stable angina pectoris were included in a control group (the SA group). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Metabolic Intersection of Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases: Opportunities for Cancer Therapy.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1311:249-263

Department of Pathology and Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

According to data from the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases and cancer are the two leading causes of mortality in the world [1]. Despite the immense effort to study these diseases and the constant innovation in treatment modalities, the number of deaths associated with cardiovascular diseases and cancer is predicted to increase in the coming decades [1]. From 2008 to 2030, due to population growth and population aging in many parts of the world, the number of deaths caused by cancer globally is projected to increase by 45%, corresponding to an annual increase of around four million people [1]. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acupuncture as Adjuvant Therapy for Treating Stable Angina Pectoris with Moderate Coronary Artery Lesions and the Mechanism of Heart-Brain Interactions: A Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 28;2021:6634404. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China.

. Stable angina pectoris with moderate coronary artery lesions is a syndrome caused by coronary artery stenosis, which endangers the quality of life. Previous acupuncture studies have shown effectiveness as a complementary therapy for ischaemic heart disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diagnostic role of coronary CT angiography in paroxysmal or first diagnosed atrial fibrillation.

Open Heart 2021 May;8(1)

Cardiology, Rheinland Klinikum Neuss GmbH, Neuss, Germany

Objectives: The presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients hospitalised with paroxysmal or first diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) has major implications for antithrombotic therapy and cardiovascular event rate. Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is a feasible tool to identify patients with concealed CAD. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic role of early CCTA in patients hospitalised with paroxysmal or first diagnosed AF. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Background characteristics and anticoagulant usage patterns of elderly non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients in the ANAFIE registry: a prospective, multicentre, observational cohort study in Japan.

BMJ Open 2021 03 8;11(3):e044501. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Saiseikai Toyama Hospital, Toyama, Japan.

Objective: To explore anticoagulant usage patterns stratified by stroke and bleeding risk in elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).

Design: Prospective, multicentre, observational cohort study.

Setting: The real-world All Nippon AF In the Elderly (ANAFIE) registry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Usefulness of Stress Echocardiography in Assessment of Dynamic Left Ventricular Obstructions: Case Series and Review of the Literature.

Cardiology 2021 May 18:1-10. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ålesund Hospital, Ålesund, Norway.

Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (DLVOTO) or midcavity obstruction in patients with structurally normal hearts is not uncommon in routine clinical practice and can cause significant symptoms mimicking coronary artery disease or heart failure. Although exercise echocardiography is the gold standard for assessing DLVOTO, dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) may be valuable diagnostic modality in patients who are unable to exercise or have an uninterpretable 12-lead electrocardiogram. We provide an updated overview of the relevant literature regarding prevalence, pathophysiology, clinical significance, and prognostic impact of DLVOTO and midcavity obstruction in structurally normal hearts. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF