49,043 results match your criteria Angina Pectoris


A review of the mechanism of action of Dantonic for the treatment of chronic stable angina.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:690-700. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Pharmacology & Toxicology Research Centre, The State Key Laboratory of Core Technology in Innovative Chinese Medicine, Tasly Academy, Tasly Holding Group Co., Ltd, Tianjin 300410, China; School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Chronic stable angina (CSA) presents as a complication of coronary heart disease, leading to a high incidence and mortality rate worldwide. Dantonic or Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDP) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine used for the treatment of myocardial ischemic diseases, such as angina pectoris (AP), myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Dantonic has been extensively utilized in clinical practice in China for more than 14 years and has proved to be an effective therapy for the treatment of many myocardial ischemic diseases since its approval by CFDA in 1994. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.10.013DOI Listing
January 2019

Dazhu Hongjingtian (Herba Rhodiolae) for unstable angina pectoris: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13481

Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Lishui District People's Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Dazhu Hongjingtian (DZHJT), also named Herba Rhodiolae, has been frequently introduced for patients with angina pectoris in China. However, the add-on effect of DZHJT in unstable angina pectoris (UAP) has not been systematically evaluated. The purpose of this protocol is to provide the methods used to assess the efficacy and safety of DZHJT as adjuvant therapy for management of UAP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013481DOI Listing
December 2018

Dendritic cell activation is blunted in patients with coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus.

J Diabetes Complications 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Yenisehir Hospital Division of Cardiology, Mersin, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: It has been shown that functional status of dendritic cells (DCs) in diabetic patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) are more mature and activated than diabetic patients without coronary artery disease (CAD) and none diabetic patients with UAP. Accordingly we aimed to assess the activation of DCs in patients with CAD with/and without Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and compare to those in subjects with normal coronary arteries (NCA).

Materials And Methods: Twenty three patients with severe CAD who were scheduled to coronary artery by-pass grafting surgery and 6 patients with angiographycally NCAs were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018

Invasive Functional Test in Patients With Angina and Suspected CAD: Search More to Learn More.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Dec;72(23 Pt A):2856-2858

Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrological, Anaesthetic and Geriatric Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.10.010DOI Listing
December 2018

Nodular Calcification in Saphenous Vein Graft Successfully Treated by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Case Rep Cardiol 2018 8;2018:5138705. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Aortic Center, Saiseikai Fukuoka General Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

Nodular calcification is sometimes detected in the native coronary artery. However, it is very rare to find in a saphenous vein graft (SVG). We herein report a rare case of stable angina pectoris (AP) due to nodular calcification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5138705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250038PMC
November 2018

[Incomplete endovascular myocardial revascularization in patients with low ejection fraction].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2018 ;24(4):55-61

Federal Centre of Cardiovascular Surgery under the RF Ministry of Public Health, Penza, Russia.

Despite obvious progress of cardiac surgery, a low left ventricular ejection fraction is an important independent predictor of a high rate of complications and increased in-hospital lethality in open surgical interventions. On this ground, promising seems to be a method of endovascular myocardial revascularization, which is associated with a minimal number of intraoperative and postoperative complications. However, by means of transcutaneous coronary intervention (TCI) it is not always possible to perform complete anatomical myocardial revascularization. Read More

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January 2018

[Effectiveness of psychological intervention in cardiac rehabilitation].

Semergen 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Elche, Alicante, España.

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the results of the cognitive-behavioral intervention in the patients beneficiaries of the multidisciplinary Cardiac Rehabilitation program of the Hospital General Universitario de Elche (Spain).

Material And Method: A sample that included 33 patients who had suffered an acute myocardial infarction or who suffer from unstable angina pectoris. These patients were referred from the Cardiology Department for inclusion in the Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation Program during the period from September 2014 to October 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semerg.2018.10.006DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Author's reply].

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2018 12;46(8):744-745

Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Kliniği, Ankara.

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December 2018

[Is Cardiac Syndrome X associated with altered myocardial energy expenditure?]

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2018 12;46(8):743-744

İstanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Göğüs Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Kliniği, İstanbul.

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December 2018

3D-speckle tracking echocardiography for assessment of coronary artery disease severity in stable angina pectoris.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Cardiology, Ege University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Background And Aim: Stable angina pectoris is a common disease that may cause disability. Some noninvasive new methods can be useful for the detection of early-stage coronary artery disease. The relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD) severity and resting 3-dimensional-speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) in stable angina pectoris patients was evaluated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/echo.14214DOI Listing
December 2018

Stent deformation caused by entrapment of the side branch balloon catheter during the jailed balloon protection technique for a calcified coronary bifurcation lesion: A case report and literature review.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Cardiology, Japanese Red Cross Ashikaga Hospital, Ashikaga, Japan.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for true bifurcation lesions is challenging. Although the jailed balloon protection technique is an established method with which to prevent side branch occlusion during the treatment of bifurcation lesions, little is known regarding the potential risks of this technique. We describe a 71-year-old man with exertional angina pectoris who was treated with PCI for a calcified true bifurcation lesion in the left anterior descending artery and diagonal branch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Cardiac late events in German breast cancer patients: a validation study on the agreement between patient self-reports and information from physicians.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2018 Nov 29;18(1):218. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University Medical Center Mainz, Obere Zahlbacher Str. 69, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Self-administered health-status questionnaires are important tools in epidemiology. The objective of the presented validation study is to measure the agreement between breast cancer patients' self-reports and their physicians' information on late cardiac events, and to investigate determinants of agreement. To estimate possible misclassification is an important requirement for observational studies on cardiovascular endpoints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12872-018-0961-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267788PMC
November 2018
1 Read

[Effectiveness and safety of Kudiezi injection in treating coronary angina pectoris: systematic review and Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Oct;43(20):4138-4151

China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Kudiezi injection in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Four Chinese databases (CNKI, VIP, WanFang, and SinoMed) and three English databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, and ClinicalTrail.gov) were systematically and comprehensively searched from the establishment of each database to March 2018. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Classical Chinese Herbal Formulas in the Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease: A Narrative Review.

Authors:
Xin-Hui Lu Jun Li

Chin J Integr Med 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100053, China.

Objective: To summarize the current evidence for 8 frequently prescribed Chinese herbal formulas (CHF) as treatments for angina pectoris in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and the associated adverse reactions.

Methods: Seven electronic databases were screened from their inception through July 2018 for all evidence related to classical CHF for the treatment of patients with CHD.

Results: CHF improves CHD outcomes in terms of angina pectoris, electrocardiogram results, Chinese medicine syndromes and biomarkers iomarkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-018-2574-5DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads
1.401 Impact Factor

Comprehensive MS/MS profiling by UHPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS using SWATH data-independent acquisition for the study of platelet lipidomes in coronary artery disease.

Anal Chim Acta 2019 Jan 3;1046:1-15. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

University of Tübingen, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical (Bio-)Analysis, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, 72076, Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address:

A non-targeted lipidomics workflow based on C8 core-shell particle ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) hyphenated to ESI-QTOF-MS in data-independent acquisition (DIA) mode with sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion spectra (SWATH) was developed and applied to differential platelet lipidomics profiling of cardiovascular disease patients (stable angina pectoris (n = 10), ST-elevated myocardial infarction (n = 13)) against healthy controls (n = 10). DIA with SWATH generates comprehensive MS and MS/MS data throughout the entire chromatograms and all study samples. Hence, chromatograms can be extracted based on precursors or fragments which provided some benefits in terms of assay specificity in some cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2018.08.060DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Characterization of the chemical constituents in Hongjingtian injection by liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

Biomed Chromatogr 2018 Nov 23:e4446. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Hongjingtian injection is made from Rhodiola wallichiana and used in the treatment of stable angina pectoris associated with coronary heart disease. In this study, the chemical constituents in Hongjingtian injection were comprehensively studied using liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A total of 49 compounds were identified or assumed, including 10 organic acids, nine phenylethanoids, 10 phenylpropanoids, two flavonoid glycosides, seven monoterpene glycosides, seven octylglycosides and four other types of compounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.4446DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Cathepsin K-deficiency impairs mouse cardiac function after myocardial infarction.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2018 Nov 19;127:44-56. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Extracellular matrix metabolism and cardiac cell death participate centrally in myocardial infarction (MI). This study tested the roles of collagenolytic cathepsin K (CatK) in post-MI left ventricular remodeling.

Methods And Results: Patients with acute MI had higher plasma CatK levels (20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yjmcc.2018.11.010DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads
4.655 Impact Factor

The multi-vessel and diffuse coronary spasm is a risk factor for persistent angina in patients received anti-angina medication.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13288

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.

Coronary artery spasm (CAS) is known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular events. However, there is limited data whether the multi-vessel and diffuse spasm (MVDS) is related to more adverse clinical outcomes compared to the Non-MVDS. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of the MVDS on clinical outcomes during a 3-year clinical follow-up period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013288DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

[Evaluation on safety of puerarin injection in clinical use].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Oct;43(19):3956-3961

Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin 300192, China.

Puerarin injection is commonly used in clinical treatment of coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, retinal artery, vein occlusion, sudden deafness and so on. This paper is aimed to evaluate the safety of puerarin injection in clinical use and explore the related factors that may cause its adverse reactions (ADRs), so as to find the warning signal of safety medication in time, put forward early warning, make early judgment and treatment, and ensure the safety of drug use. By strengthening surveillance, the best medication plan was established to prevent the occurrence of adverse reactions of puerarin injection and enhance people's awareness on the safety of puerarin injection. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

[Efficacy and safety of breviscapine injection in treatment of unstable angina pectoris: systematic review and Meta-analysis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Oct;43(19):3940-3955

Institute of Basic Research Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of breviscapine injection in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Eight electronic databases and clinical trials registries were searched to collect randomized controlled trials on breviscapine injection in the treatment of UAP. According to the evaluation standards in Cochrane Handbook 5. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

METoclopramide Administration as a Strategy to Overcome MORPHine-ticagrelOr Interaction in PatientS with Unstable Angina PectorIS-The METAMORPHOSIS Trial.

Thromb Haemost 2018 Dec 19;118(12):2126-2133. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Extensive search for methods of overcoming morphine-related delay of the absorption and onset of action of oral P2Y inhibitors in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome is on-going. The aim of the trial was to investigate whether metoclopramide co-administration could reduce this delay and improve the pharmacokinetics (PKs) and pharmacodynamics (PDs) of ticagrelor and its active metabolite AR-C124900XX. Plasma concentration of both compounds and platelet reactivity were evaluated in nine pre-defined time points within 6 hours after administration of ticagrelor loading dose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675605DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads
4.984 Impact Factor

[Angina Pectoris due to Anomalous Aortic Origin of the Right Coronary Artery;Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2018 Nov;71(12):1040-1043

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Northern Okinawa Cardiovascular Center, Nago, Japan.

A 45-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of chest pain on exertion. She was diagnosed to have an anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery(RCA) arising from the left sinus of Valsalva, passing between the aorta and the main pulmonary artery. Exercise treadmill test demonstrated significant depression of ST segments in leads II, III and aVF. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Surgical Treatment of Giant Coronary Artery Aneurysm Presented as Acute Coronary Syndrome].

Kyobu Geka 2018 Nov;71(12):1008-1012

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sendai City Medical Center Sendai Open Hospital, Sendai, Japan.

Coronary artery aneurysm is rare disease, usually asymptomatic and is often found by chance by echocardiography, computed tomography(CT) and coronary angiography. However, its rupture or thrombotic obstruction to the periphery of the coronary artery leads to cardiac tamponade, angina pectoris, or myocardial infarction. We describe 2 cases of giant coronary artery aneurysm presented as acute coronary syndrome. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Acute Coronary Syndromes in Heart Transplant Recipients (from a National Database Analysis).

Am J Cardiol 2018 Dec 8;122(11):1824-1829. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas. Electronic address:

With an expanding and aging heart transplant population, the incidence of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is expected to increase. Our study aims to report current trends in in-hospital management and outcomes in heart transplant recipients presenting with ACS. We conducted an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample (2007 to 2014) to study the trends in hospitalization, in-hospital management, and outcomes in heart transplant recipients with a primary diagnosis of ACS. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029149183172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.08.023DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Chemical Profiling of Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablet by HPLC and UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF/MS.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 21;2018:2781597. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Jilin Huakang Stock Ltd., Company of Medicines, Dunhua 133700, China.

Xueshuan Xinmaining Tablet (XXT) is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of stroke, chest pain, coronary heart disease, and angina pectoris caused by blood stasis. Having a multiple-component preparation, it is still far from meeting the requirements of modernization and standardization because its detailed chemical basis and action mechanism have not been clarified. In this work, the different batches of XXT samples were analyzed by HPLC and the typical sample was analyzed by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF/MS to understand its chemical profiling. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2018/2781597/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2781597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215575PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Association between the level of CD4 T lymphocyte microRNA-155 and coronary artery disease in patients with unstable angina pectoris.

J Geriatr Cardiol 2018 Oct;15(10):611-617

Department of Cardiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi Cardiovascular Institute, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Objective: To study the association between the expression of microRNA-155 (miRNA-155) in peripheral blood CD4 T lymphocytes and the level of serum interferon-γ (IFN-γ) concentration and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: After coronary angiography, 252 patients with suspected unstable angina pectoris (UAP) were divided into the UAP group (128 patients with CAD confirmed by angiography) and the control group (124 patients without CAD confirmed by angiography). Fresh peripheral blood was extracted 16-24 h before coronary angiography, CD4 T lymphocytes was tested using immunomagnetic beads, the expression of miRNA-155 was tested using quantitative PCR and the expression of IFN-γ was tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2018.10.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221844PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Circulating Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein is a Strong Risk Factor for the Early Stage of Coronary Heart Disease.

IUBMB Life 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

This study aimed to detect the circulating oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels of controls and patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP), unstable angina pectoris (UAP), and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and also to investigate the correlation with the severity of coronary heart disease (CHD). Plasma levels of circulating ox-LDL-4E6, malondialdehyde (MDA), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apoprotein A, apoprotein B, and lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) were measured in 99 participants who underwent coronary angiography. The plasma ox-LDL level was significantly higher in patients with CHD than in controls (P = 0. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/iub.1966
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iub.1966DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Danhong injection in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases: Pharmacological actions, molecular mechanisms, and therapeutic potential.

Pharmacol Res 2018 Nov 5;139:62-75. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China. Electronic address:

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality worldwide, currently with less than optimum therapeutic options. Danhong injection (DHI) is a medicinal preparation based on two eminent Chinese herbal medicines, Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Dan Shen; family: Lamiaceae) and Flos Carthami (Hong Hua; family: Compositae/Asteraceae). DHI has been mainly used in the clinical therapy of cardiovascular (such as acute coronary syndrome and angina pectoris) and cerebrovascular diseases (such as stroke) in China for many years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10436618183085
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2018.11.006DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Quercetin reduces the transcriptional activity of NF-kB in stable coronary artery disease.

Indian Heart J 2018 Sep - Oct;70(5):593-597. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Str. Shevchenka, 23, 36000, Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of quercetin on the indicators of chronic systemic inflammation (CSI) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: This study included 85 patients with CAD, stable angina pectoris, functional class (FC) II, and heart failure (НF) 0-І. Each patient was prescribed beta-blockers, statins, and aspirin. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00194832173021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.04.006DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

Effectiveness and safety of modified 'Huoxue Shugan' formulas on coronary heart disease combined with depression: protocol for a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 3;8(11):e022868. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: To assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of modified 'Huoxue Shugan' (HXSG) formulas used as Chinese herbal medicine in treating patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and depression.

Methods: A systematic literature search of articles up to March 2018 will be performed in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journals Database, Chinese Biomedical Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System and Wanfang Database. Inclusion criteria are as follows: randomised controlled trials of modified HXSG formulas in patients with CHD and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231559PMC
November 2018
3 Reads
2.063 Impact Factor

Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk minimization measures for trimetazidine: A cross sectional joint PASS survey among physicians in selected European countries.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2018 Dec 31;27(12):1385-1392. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Drug Safety and Risk Management, Lupin Limited, Kalpataru Inspire, Mumbai, India.

Purpose: In 2012, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) restricted prescription of trimetazidine (TMZ) to "add-on therapy for patients with stable angina pectoris who are inadequately controlled by or intolerant to first-line therapies." TMZ was no longer indicated for ophthalmology and otolaryngology. Risk minimization measure (RMM) was communicated to physicians. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/pds.4675
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pds.4675DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Adiponectin in Relation to Coronary Plaque Characteristics on Radiofrequency Intravascular Ultrasound and Cardiovascular Outcome.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2018 Sep;111(3):345-353

Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam - the Netherlands.

Background: Prospective data on the associations of adiponectin with in-vivo measurements of degree, phenotype and vulnerability of coronary atherosclerosis are currently lacking.

Objective: To investigate the association of plasma adiponectin with virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS)-derived measures of atherosclerosis and with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with established coronary artery disease.

Methods: In 2008-2011, VH-IVUS of a non-culprit non-stenotic coronary segment was performed in 581 patients undergoing coronary angiography for acute coronary syndrome (ACS, n = 318) or stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 263) from the atherosclerosis-intravascular ultrasound (ATHEROREMO-IVUS) study. Read More

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http://www.gnresearch.org/doi/10.5935/abc.20180172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20180172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173335PMC
September 2018
2 Reads
1.120 Impact Factor

Effects of thoracic epidural analgesia on exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia in refractory angina pectoris.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention & Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEDA) was offered to patients with refractory angina pectoris. Our primary objectives were to evaluate TEDAs´ influence on quality of life (QoL, base for power analysis), and hypothesising that TEDA with bupivacaine during 1 month counteracts exercise-induced myocardial hypoperfusion and increase physical performance.

Methods: Patients with refractory angina and exercise inducible hypoperfusion, as demonstrated by myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), were randomised to 1-month treatment with TEDA with bupivacaine (B-group, n = 9) or saline (P-group, n = 10) in a double-blind fashion. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aas.13291
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13291DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Plasma Cystathionine and Risk of Incident Stroke in Patients With Suspected Stable Angina Pectoris.

J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Sep;7(17):e008824

1 Department of Clinical Science University of Bergen Norway.

Background Cystathionine is an intermediate product in the transsulfuration pathway and formed during the B6-dependent conversion of methionine to cysteine. Elevated plasma cystathionine has been related to atherosclerosis, which is a major etiological factor for ischemic stroke. However, the role of cystathionine in stroke development is unknown. Read More

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/JAHA.118.008824
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.008824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201441PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Vasculitis of small and large vessels, a casual association?

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Jul;64(7):590-594

Internal Medicine Department - III, District Hospital of Santarem, Portugal.

The authors report a case of a 69-year-old man with idiopathic leukocytoclastic cutaneous vasculitis. For three years, the lesions recurred with progressive worsening and were associated with systemic manifestations of low-grade fever, weight loss and raised inflammatory markers. The patient latter presented a 6th cranial nerve involvement, raising the concern of a possible systemic vasculitis, which was latter evidenced by the development of deep vein thrombosis and angina pectoris. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.64.07.590DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Hydroxysafflor Yellow A: A Promising Therapeutic Agent for a Broad Spectrum of Diseases.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 25;2018:8259280. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

College of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 611137, China.

Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is one of the major bioactive and water-soluble compounds isolated from Carthami Flos, the flower of safflower ( L.). As a natural pigment with favorable medical use, HSYA has gained extensive attention due to broad and effective pharmacological activities since first isolation in 1993. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2018/8259280/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8259280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6176289PMC
September 2018
10 Reads

Reappraisal of Ischemic Heart Disease.

Circulation 2018 Oct;138(14):1463-1480

Vita-Salute University and Department of Cardiology San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy (P.G.C.).

In recent years, it has become apparent that coronary microvascular dysfunction plays a pivotal pathogenic role in angina pectoris. Functional and structural mechanisms can affect the physiological function of the coronary microvasculature and lead to myocardial ischemia in people without coronary atheromatous disease and also in individuals with obstructive coronary artery disease. Abnormal dilatory responses of the coronary microvessels, coronary microvascular spasm, and extravascular compressive forces have been identified as pathogenic mechanisms in both chronic and acute forms of ischemic heart disease. Read More

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.031373DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 in coronary atherosclerotic plaque enhances tissue factor expression in activated macrophages.

Res Pract Thromb Haemost 2018 Oct 13;2(4):726-735. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Department of Pathology Faculty of Medicine University of Miyazaki Miyazaki Japan.

Background: Recent clinical studies have found that changes in the kynurenine (Kyn) pathway of tryptophan (Trp) metabolism are associated with cardiovascular events. However, the roles of the Kyn pathway on vascular wall thrombogenicity remain unknown. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is a rate-limiting enzyme of the Kyn pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rth2.12128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178752PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Guanxinjing capsule in the treatment of chronic stable angina: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2018 Oct 20;19(1):577. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 312 Anshanxi Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300193, China.

Background: Stable angina is a common cardiovascular disease with high mortality and a poor prognosis. Although there are various interventions against stable angina, none are able to significantly reduce the mortality rate. Guanxinjing capsule (GXJ) is made from the classical Chinese prescription Xuefuzhuyutang (). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2950-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196008PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Treatment of Aortic Coarctation by Self-expanding Thoracic Endograft with Left Subclavian In Situ Laser Fenestration.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Vascular Medicine, German Aortic Center Hamburg, University Heart Center of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with self-expanding endograft is increasingly used as a viable treatment option for adult aortic coarctation (AC).

Methods: We hereby reported a 55-year-old gentleman with late presentation of AC, treated by a novel strategy with thoracic endograft and in situ laser fenestration for left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization.

Results: AC was incidentally discovered during coronary angiogram as an investigation for his angina pectoris. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.07.068DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Cardiac cephalalgia: severe, non-exertional headache presenting as unstable angina.

Pract Neurol 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Neurology, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester, UK.

Cardiac cephalalgia is a migraine-like headache that occurs during episodes of myocardial ischaemia. Clinical characteristics of the headache vary widely but are often severe in intensity, worsen with reduced myocardial perfusion and resolve with reperfusion. It can present along with typical symptoms of angina pectoris, although not always. Read More

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http://pn.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/practneurol-2018-002045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/practneurol-2018-002045DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Reclassification of Treatment Strategy With Instantaneous Wave-Free Ratio and Fractional Flow Reserve: A Substudy From the iFR-SWEDEHEART Trial.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Oct;11(20):2084-2094

Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Objectives: The authors sought to compare reclassification of treatment strategy following instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR).

Background: iFR was noninferior to FFR in 2 large randomized controlled trials in guiding coronary revascularization. Reclassification of treatment strategy by FFR is well-studied, but similar reports on iFR are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2018.07.035DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read
7.345 Impact Factor

The genotoxic effects of fruit extract of Crataegus oxyacantha (hawthorn) in mice.

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2018 16;81(19):974-982. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

a Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências, Departamento de Fonoaudiologia , São Paulo State University - UNESP , Marília , SP , Brazil.

Crataegus oxyacantha L. (Rosaceae) is a medicinal plant with a long history of use in European, Chinese, and American. The majority of pharmacological activities associated with fruit extracts of C. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15287394.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15287394.2018.1503982DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

SBP above 180 mmHg at moderate exercise workload increases coronary heart disease risk in healthy men during 28-year follow-up.

J Hypertens 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal.

Objective: We investigated the association between exercise SBP at a moderate workload and long-term risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in men who were healthy when assessed by two bicycle exercise tests 7 years apart.

Methods: During 1972-1975, apparently healthy men (n = 1999) were initially enrolled following thorough medical examination and ECG-monitored bicycle exercise test. Participants (n = 1392) who were healthy also at a second exercise test 7 years later were included in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000001959DOI Listing
October 2018

Lyophilized Hybrid Nanostructured Lipid Carriers to Enhance the Cellular Uptake of Verapamil: Statistical Optimization and In Vitro Evaluation.

Nanoscale Res Lett 2018 Oct 15;13(1):323. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Minden, Penang, Malaysia.

Verapamil is a calcium channel blocker and highly effective in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, and other diseases. However, the drug has a low bioavailability of 20 to 35% due to the first pass effect. The main objective of this study was to develop hybrid verapamil-dextran nanostructured lipid carriers (HVD-NLCs) in an attempt to increase verapamil cellular uptake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11671-018-2744-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188975PMC
October 2018
2 Reads
2.780 Impact Factor

Metabolomics-Driven Elucidation of Cellular Nitrate Tolerance Reveals Ascorbic Acid Prevents Nitroglycerin-Induced Inactivation of Xanthine Oxidase.

Front Pharmacol 2018 25;9:1085. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

The Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States.

Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) has found widespread use for the treatment of angina pectoris, a pathological condition manifested by chest pain resulting from insufficient blood supply to the heart. Metabolic conversion of GTN, a nitric oxide (NO) pro-drug, into NO induces vasodilation and improves blood flow. Patients develop tolerance to GTN after several weeks of continuous use, limiting the potential for long-term therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2018.01085DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167911PMC
September 2018

Prevalence of Cardiac Disease in Breast Cancer Patients at Time of Diagnosis Compared to the General Female Population in Germany.

Breast Care (Basel) 2018 Aug 29;13(4):264-271. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University Medical Center Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Advances in oncological therapy have significantly improved breast cancer survival; therefore comorbid conditions are becoming more relevant. We investigated the prevalence of prior cardiovascular diseases and risk factors in patients with breast cancer compared to those in the general female population in Germany.

Methods: The PASSOS heart study is a retrospective multicenter cohort study on cardiac late effects in breast cancer patients treated between 1998 and 2008. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/487261
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170908PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

The effect of pegylated granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on collateral function and myocardial ischaemia in chronic coronary artery disease: A randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Clin Invest 2018 Oct 13:e13035. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Cardiology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland.

Objective: To test the effect of long-term pegfilgrastim on collateral function and myocardial ischaemia in patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: This was a prospective clinical trial with randomized 2:1 allocation to pegfilgrastim or placebo for 6 months. The primary study endpoint was collateral flow index (CFI) as obtained during a 1-minute ostial coronary artery balloon occlusion. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/eci.13035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eci.13035DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Identification and characterization of a series of novel HCN channel inhibitors.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Screening, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, China.

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels play a critical role in controlling pacemaker activity in both heart and nervous system. Developing HCN channel inhibitors has been proposed to be an important strategy for the treatment of pain, heart failure, arrhythmias, and epilepsy. One HCN channel inhibitor, ivabradine, has been clinically approved for the treatment of angina pectoris and heart failure. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41401-018-0162-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41401-018-0162-zDOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

[Prognostic markers for the development of adverse outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic heart failure].

Kardiologiia 2018 SSep(S9):39-47

State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education, "V. I. Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University" of the RF Ministry of Health Care.

Aim: To identify markers of adverse outcomes in patients with a combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF).

Materials And Methods: 35 patients with COPD (without an anamnesis of coronary heart disease), 68 patients with COPD and CHF, 28 patients with CHF of ischemic genesis who were on treatment at the State Regional Clinical Hospital of Saratov were examined. The levels of the N-terminal fragment of the natriuretic peptide, galectin-3, the highly sensitive C-reactive protein, the proteins that bind fatty acids, the stiffness parameters of the arterial wall were determined; echocardiography was performed, calculated the index of comorbidity of Charlson. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads