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    174 results match your criteria Anesthesiology Research and Practice [Journal]

    1 OF 4

    Feasibility of Cervical Epidural Anesthesia for Breast Cancer Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 18;2017:7024924. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, St. Franziskus Hospital, Muenster, Germany.
    Background: Effects of perioperative cervical level neuraxial blocks on the dissemination of cancer metastases have become a matter of substantial interest. However, experience with these catheters has been limited and data on feasibility and efficacy is sparse.

    Methods: Data from 39 patients scheduled to undergo breast cancer surgery while awake with a cervical epidural alone was retrospectively analyzed. Read More

    Magnitude and Predisposing Factors of Difficult Airway during Induction of General Anaesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 11;2017:5836397. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    College of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Objective: To assess magnitude and predisposing factors of difficult airway during induction of general anaesthesia.

    Methods: Hospital based cross sectional study carried out to determine the incidence of difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy (Cormack and Lehane III and IV), difficult intubation (IDS ≥ 5), and failed intubation. The association between each predisposing factor and airway parameters with components of difficult airway is investigated with binary logistic regression. Read More

    Factors Associated with Postoperative Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 3;2017:3728289. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
    Introduction: Almost all pediatric orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients require mechanical ventilation in the early postoperative period. Prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation (PPMV) may be a marker of severe disease and may be associated with morbidity and mortality. We determined the incidence and risk factors for PPMV in children who underwent OLT. Read More

    Organs Blood Flow during Elevation of Body Temperature in Sevoflurane Anesthetized Rats.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 4;2017:6182350. Epub 2017 Jun 4.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Fukui University, Fukui, Japan.
    The aim of this study is to investigate how elevation of body temperature changes organs blood flow during sevoflurane anesthesia. We conducted in vivo research on 14 male Wistar rats to monitor pulse rate and arterial blood pressure and measure hepatic, small intestinal, renal, and descending aortic blood flow using a laser Doppler blood flowmeter. We assessed the changes in organ blood flow, pulse rate, and arterial blood pressure during elevation of the rats' body temperatures up to 41. Read More

    Pregabalin Effect on Acute and Chronic Pain after Cardiac Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 30;2017:2753962. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.
    Introduction. Pain after cardiac surgery affects long-term patient wellness. This study investigated the effect of preoperative pregabalin on acute and chronic pain after elective cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. Read More

    A Retrospective Analysis of Oxygen Desaturation during Acoustic Respiratory Rate Monitoring in Non-ICU Patients following Tracheal Extubation after General Anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:4203156. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Division of Intensive Care, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8522, Japan.
    Purpose. Acoustic respiratory rate (RRa) monitoring provides an accurate estimation of the respiratory rate (RR). We investigated the incidence of oxygen desaturation under RRa monitoring in a postoperative setting and identified its related factors. Read More

    Analgesic Effects of Preincision Ketamine on Postspinal Caesarean Delivery in Uganda's Tertiary Hospital: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 21;2017:5627062. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Anesthesia, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
    Background. Good postoperative analgesic management improves maternal satisfaction and care of the neonate. Postoperative pain management is a challenge in Mulago Hospital, yet ketamine is accessible and has proven benefit. Read More

    Injectable Anesthesia for Mice: Combined Effects of Dexmedetomidine, Tiletamine-Zolazepam, and Butorphanol.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 22;2017:9161040. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.
    Anesthetic protocols for murine models are varied within the literature and medetomidine has been implicated in the development of urethral plugs in male mice. Our objective was to evaluate the combination of butorphanol, dexmedetomidine, and tiletamine-zolazepam. A secondary objective was to identify which class of agent was associated with urethral obstructions in male mice. Read More

    Regional Anaesthesia Is Associated with Shorter Postanaesthetic Care and Less Pain Than General Anaesthesia after Upper Extremity Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:6308371. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Östersund Hospital, Östersund, Sweden; Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Unit of Research, Education and Development-Östersund, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Introduction. For surgery on the upper extremity, the anaesthetist often has a choice between regional anaesthesia (RA) and general anaesthesia (GA). We sought to investigate the possible differences between RA and GA after upper extremity surgery with regard to postoperative patient comfort. Read More

    Sugammadex-Enhanced Neuronal Apoptosis following Neonatal Sevoflurane Exposure in Mice.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 8;2016:9682703. Epub 2016 Nov 8.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 1138519, Japan.
    In rodents, neonatal sevoflurane exposure induces neonatal apoptosis in the brain and results in learning deficits. Sugammadex is a new selective neuromuscular blockade (NMB) binding agent that anesthesiologists can use to achieve immediate reversal of an NMB with few side effects. Given its molecular weight of 2178, sugammadex is thought to be unable to pass through the blood brain barrier (BBB). Read More

    Perioperative Elevation in Cell-Free DNA Levels in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Possible Contribution of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps to Perioperative Renal Dysfunction.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:2794364. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan.
    Background. This study aimed to determine the perioperative change in serum double-strand DNA (dsDNA) as a marker potentially reflecting neutrophil extracellular trap concentration in samples from patients undergoing cardiac surgery and to analyze a relationship between serum dsDNA concentrations and perioperative renal dysfunction. Methods. Read More

    The AMBU® Aura-i™ Laryngeal Mask and LMA Supreme™: A Randomized Trial of Clinical Performance and Fibreoptic Positioning in Unparalysed, Anaesthetised Patients by Novices.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 25;2016:4717061. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
    Department of Women's Anaesthesia, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.
    Introduction. Manikin studies' data cannot accurately be extrapolated to real-life scenarios and inherent differences in design and materials of newer products may affect their clinical performance. Methods. Read More

    Current Trends in Neuromuscular Blockade, Management, and Monitoring amongst Singaporean Anaesthetists.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 13;2016:7284146. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    College of Anaesthesiologists, Singapore; Anaesthetic Associates, Singapore.
    Introduction. This survey aimed to investigate the attitudes/practice pertaining the use, management, and monitoring of neuromuscular blockade amongst Singaporean anaesthetists. Methods. Read More

    Time Trends and Predictors of Abnormal Postoperative Body Temperature in Infants Transported to the Intensive Care Unit.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:7318137. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
    Background. Despite increasing adoption of active warming methods over the recent years, little is known about the effectiveness of these interventions on the occurrence of abnormal postoperative temperatures in sick infants. Methods. Read More

    Hypnosis in the Perioperative Management of Breast Cancer Surgery: Clinical Benefits and Potential Implications.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 21;2016:2942416. Epub 2016 Aug 21.
    Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Service d'Anesthésiologie, 10 Avenue Hippocrate, 1200 Brussels, Belgium.
    The aim of this review is to summarize data published on the use of perioperative hypnosis in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery (BCS). Indeed, the majority of BCS patients experience stress, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, and pain. Correct management of the perioperative period and surgical removal of the primary tumor are clearly essential but can affect patients on different levels and hence have a negative impact on oncological outcomes. Read More

    The Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Lumbar Epidural Injection for Failed Back Surgery Syndrome.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 17;2016:7198048. Epub 2016 Aug 17.
    Department of Anaesthesia, ICU and Pain Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Shibin El-Koom 32518, Egypt.
    Purpose. Failed back surgery syndrome is a chronic pain condition requiring rapid, effective, and efficient management. This study evaluates the effect of adding dexmedetomidine to lumbar epidural steroids in patients with failed back surgery syndrome. Read More

    Length of Stay in Ambulatory Surgical Oncology Patients at High Risk for Sleep Apnea as Predicted by STOP-BANG Questionnaire.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:9425936. Epub 2016 Aug 16.
    Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
    Background. The STOP-BANG questionnaire has been used to identify surgical patients at risk for undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by classifying patients as low risk (LR) if STOP-BANG score < 3 or high risk (HR) if STOP-BANG score ≥ 3. Few studies have examined whether postoperative complications are increased in HR patients and none have been described in oncologic patients. Read More

    Intubation Success through I-Gel® and Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway® Using Flexible Silicone Tubes: A Randomised Noninferiority Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 10;2016:7318595. Epub 2016 Jul 10.
    Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada N6A 5A5.
    Introduction. The study aims to test whether flexible silicone tubes (FST) improve performance and provide similar intubation success through I-Gel as compared to ILMA. Our trial is registered in CTRI and the registration number is "CTRI/2016/06/006997. Read More

    The Effect of Patient Weight and Provider Training and Experience on Dosing of Rocuronium.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 26;2016:3136895. Epub 2016 Jun 26.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA.
    Introduction. Maintenance dosing of neuromuscular blocking agents is complex and varies with patient, procedure, and clinical situation. With this in mind, we sought to identify factors impacting the maintenance dosing of neuromuscular blockers as a step toward identifying best practice with respect to minimizing residual neuromuscular blockade. Read More

    Comparison of Medical Adhesive Tapes in Patients at Risk of Facial Skin Trauma under Anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 12;2016:4878246. Epub 2016 Jun 12.
    Department of Anaesthesia, Singapore General Hospital, Block 2, Level 2, College Road, Singapore 169608.
    Introduction. Adhesive tapes are used for taping eyelids closed and securing endotracheal tubes during general anesthesia. These tapes can cause facial skin injury. Read More

    Effects of Addition of Systemic Tramadol or Adjunct Tramadol to Lidocaine Used for Intravenous Regional Anesthesia in Patients Undergoing Hand Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 30;2016:9161264. Epub 2016 May 30.
    Anesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, 34218 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is used in outpatient hand surgery as an easily applicable and cost-effective technique with clinical advantages. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of addition of systemic tramadol or adjunct tramadol to lidocaine for IVRA in patients undergoing hand surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II patients (n = 60) who underwent hand surgery were included. Read More

    Development and Testing of Screen-Based and Psychometric Instruments for Assessing Resident Performance in an Operating Room Simulator.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:9348478. Epub 2016 May 11.
    Music Engineering Technology, University of Miami, Frost School of Music, 1550 Brescia Avenue, Founder's Hall Rm 140, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA.
    Introduction. Medical simulators are used for assessing clinical skills and increasingly for testing hypotheses. We developed and tested an approach for assessing performance in anesthesia residents using screen-based simulation that ensures expert raters remain blinded to subject identity and experimental condition. Read More

    Comparison of the Success of Two Techniques for the Endotracheal Intubation with C-MAC Video Laryngoscope Miller Blade in Children: A Prospective Randomized Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 15;2016:4196813. Epub 2016 May 15.
    Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi 110029, India.
    Background. Ease of endotracheal intubation with C-MAC video laryngoscope (VLS) with Miller blades 0 and 1 has not been evaluated in children. Methods. Read More

    A Prospective Cohort Study Evaluating the Ability of Anticipated Pain, Perceived Analgesic Needs, and Psychological Traits to Predict Pain and Analgesic Usage following Cesarean Delivery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:7948412. Epub 2016 Apr 7.
    Department of Anaesthesia, University College Hospital, London NW1 2BU, UK.
    Introduction. This study aimed to determine if preoperative psychological tests combined with simple pain prediction ratings could predict pain intensity and analgesic usage following cesarean delivery (CD). Methods. Read More

    Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Current Clinical Opinions and Anesthesiologists Perspective.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:9036872. Epub 2016 Mar 27.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Rohini, Delhi 85, India.
    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), a minimally invasive method for removal of renal calculi, was initially started in the 1950s but gained popularity about two decades later and has now become standard practice for management. There has been an immense improvement in technique and various guidelines have been established for treatment of renal stones. However, it has its own share of complications which can be attributed to surgical technique as well as anesthesia related complications. Read More

    Comparison of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone for Prophylaxis of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Surgeries: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:7089454. Epub 2016 Mar 27.
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine & Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.
    Background. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a significant complication after laparoscopic surgeries. Ondansetron and dexamethasone are most commonly used drugs for PONV prophylaxis. Read More

    Leakage Characteristics of Dual-Cannula Fenestrated Tracheostomy Tubes during Positive Pressure Ventilation: A Bench Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 17;2016:9272865. Epub 2016 Mar 17.
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Inselspital-Bern University Hospital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.
    This study compared the leakage characteristics of different types of dual-cannula fenestrated tracheostomy tubes during positive pressure ventilation. Fenestrated Portex® Blue Line Ultra®, TRACOE® twist, or Rüsch® Traceofix® tracheostomy tubes equipped with nonfenestrated inner cannulas were tested in a tracheostomy-lung simulator. Transfenestration pressures and transfenestration leakage rates were measured during positive pressure ventilation. Read More

    Dexmedetomidine versus Magnesium Sulfate as Adjunct during Anesthesia for Laparoscopic Colectomy.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 9;2016:7172920. Epub 2016 Mar 9.
    Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
    Objectives. To compare dexmedetomidine versus magnesium during laparoscopic colectomy. Patients and Methods. Read More

    Comparative Evaluation of Pain Scores during Periodontal Probing with or without Anesthetic Gels.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:5768482. Epub 2016 Feb 29.
    Department of Periodontics, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana 501101, India.
    Context. The initial periodontal examination which includes full-mouth periodontal probing is one of the discomforting procedures for a patient. Aim. Read More

    Impact of an Innovative Classroom-Based Lecture Series on Residents' Evaluations of an Anesthesiology Rotation.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 17;2016:8543809. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive H3580, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5640, USA.
    Introduction. Millennial resident learners may benefit from innovative instructional methods. The goal of this study is to assess the impact of a new daily, 15 minutes on one anesthesia keyword, lecture series given by faculty member each weekday on resident postrotation evaluation scores. Read More

    The Relationship of the Subclavius Muscle with Relevance to Venous Cannulation below the Clavicle.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:6249483. Epub 2016 Feb 7.
    Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.
    Introduction. The catheter "pinch-off syndrome" has been described to be secondary to crimping of the catheter between the clavicle and the first rib, as well as entrapment of the catheter at the site of penetration of the subclavius muscle. The lateral insertion technique has been recommended to prevent catheter pinch-off, but it is unknown if this technique can prevent entrapment by the subclavius muscle. Read More

    Efficacy of Continuous S(+)-Ketamine Infusion for Postoperative Pain Control: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:6918327. Epub 2016 Feb 2.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Centro Médico Campinas, Rua Edilberto Luis Pereira da Silva 150, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Aim. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of continuous intraoperative infusion of S(+)-ketamine under intravenous anesthesia with target-controlled infusion of remifentanil and propofol for postoperative pain control. Methods. Read More

    Improving Patient Safety through Simulation Training in Anesthesiology: Where Are We?
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 1;2016:4237523. Epub 2016 Feb 1.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Hahnemann University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA.
    There have been colossal technological advances in the use of simulation in anesthesiology in the past 2 decades. Over the years, the use of simulation has gone from low fidelity to high fidelity models that mimic human responses in a startlingly realistic manner, extremely life-like mannequin that breathes, generates E.K. Read More

    A Posterior TAP Block Provides More Effective Analgesia Than a Lateral TAP Block in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery: A Retrospective Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 28;2016:4598583. Epub 2016 Jan 28.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Showa University Hospital, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142-8666, Japan.
    Background. There are a few papers that compared the lateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with the posterior TAP block. Our study aimed to compare retrospectively the quality of analgesia after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery using the lateral TAP block with general anesthesia versus the posterior TAP block with general anesthesia. Read More

    Granisetron versus Granisetron-Dexamethasone for Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Pediatric Strabismus Surgery: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 26;2016:4281719. Epub 2016 Jan 26.
    Room Number 5007, Department of Anaesthesiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.
    Aim. Efficacy of granisetron and combination of granisetron and dexamethasone was evaluated for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children undergoing elective strabismus surgery. Methods. Read More

    The Influence of Differences in Solvents and Concentration on the Efficacy of Propofol at Induction of Anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 21;2016:9178523. Epub 2016 Jan 21.
    Department of Intensive Care Unit, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 4313192, Japan.
    Background. Propofol is a popular intravenous anesthetic and varieties of formulations were produced from different laboratories. The present study compared efficacy of propofol of different laboratories and different concentrations (1 and 2%) during induction of anesthesia. Read More

    Designing and Implementing a Competency-Based Training Program for Anesthesiology Residents at the University of Ottawa.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 21;2015:713038. Epub 2015 Dec 21.
    University of Ottawa Heart Institute, 40 Ruskin Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1Y 4W7.
    Competency-based medical education is gaining traction as a solution to address the challenges associated with the current time-based models of physician training. Competency-based medical education is an outcomes-based approach that involves identifying the abilities required of physicians and then designing the curriculum to support the achievement and assessment of these competencies. This paradigm defies the assumption that competence is achieved based on time spent on rotations and instead requires residents to demonstrate competence. Read More

    Web-Based Learning for Emergency Airway Management in Anesthesia Residency Training.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 16;2015:971406. Epub 2015 Dec 16.
    Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1.
    Introduction. Web-based learning (WBL) is increasingly used in medical education; however, residency training programs often lack guidance on its implementation. We describe how the use of feasibility studies can guide the use of WBL in anesthesia residency training. Read More

    Comparison of the Disposable Streamlined Liner of the Pharynx Airway and the Disposable I-gel in Anaesthetized, Paralyzed Adults: A Randomized Prospective Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 1;2015:971059. Epub 2015 Dec 1.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 953, Irbid 21110, Jordan.
    Introduction. This study compared streamlined liner of the pharynx airway (SLIPA) and I-gel noninflatable, single-use, supraglottic airway device (SAD) performance in anesthetized, paralyzed adults. Methods. Read More

    Evaluation of Waste Anesthetic Gas in the Postanesthesia Care Unit within the Patient Breathing Zone.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 26;2015:354184. Epub 2015 Nov 26.
    Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery, The University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX 777030, USA.
    Potential health hazards from waste anesthetic gases (WAGs) have been a concern since the introduction of inhalational anesthetics into clinical practice. The potential to exceed recommended exposure levels (RELs) in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) exists. The aim of this pilot study was to assess sevoflurane WAG levels while accounting for factors that affect inhalational anesthetic elimination. Read More

    Depth of Anesthesia as a Risk Factor for Perioperative Morbidity.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 2;2015:829151. Epub 2015 Jun 2.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8054, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
    Introduction. The prognostic value of age, physical status, and duration of surgery on perioperative course has been extensively studied. However, the impact of deep hypnotic time (time when Bispectral Index values are less than 40) has not been well evaluated. Read More

    Postoperative Residual Neuromuscular Paralysis at an Australian Tertiary Children's Hospital.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 10;2015:410248. Epub 2015 May 10.
    School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth 6009, WA, Australia ; Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth 6008, Australia.
    Purpose. Residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) is known to be a significant but frequently overlooked complication after the use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA). Aim of this prospective audit was to investigate the incidence and severity of RNMB at our Australian tertiary pediatric center. Read More

    Survey of Accepted Practice following Failed Intubation for Emergency Caesarean Delivery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 10;2015:192315. Epub 2015 Mar 10.
    University College Hospital, 235 Euston Road, London NW1 2BU, UK.
    Background. There is no consensus on the optimum management of failed tracheal intubation in emergency cesarean delivery performed for fetal compromise. The decision making process on whether to wake the patient or continue anesthesia with a supraglottic airway device is an underexplored area. Read More

    Effect of low-dose (single-dose) magnesium sulfate on postoperative analgesia in hysterectomy patients receiving balanced general anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 1;2015:306145. Epub 2015 Feb 1.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Metabolic Disease Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin 14816 46341, Iran.
    Background and Aim. Aparallel, randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled trial study was designed to assess the efficacy of single low dose of intravenous magnesium sulfate on post-total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) pain relief under balanced general anesthesia. Subject and Methods. Read More

    Potential risk factors for the onset of complex regional pain syndrome type 1: a systematic literature review.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 26;2015:956539. Epub 2015 Jan 26.
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, Corner of Riccarton and Hagley Avenues, Christchurch 8042, New Zealand.
    Anaesthetists in the acute and chronic pain teams are often involved in treating Complex Regional Pain Syndromes. Current literature about the risk factors for the onset of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 (CRPS 1) remains sparse. This syndrome has a low prevalence, a highly variable presentation, and no gold standard for diagnosis. Read More

    Neuromuscular monitoring, muscle relaxant use, and reversal at a tertiary teaching hospital 2.5 years after introduction of sugammadex: changes in opinions and clinical practice.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 22;2015:367937. Epub 2015 Jan 22.
    Department of Intensive Care, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia.
    Sugammadex was introduced to Royal Perth Hospital in early 2011 without access restriction. Two departmental audits (26-page online survey and 1-week in-theatre snapshot audit) were undertaken to investigate the change of beliefs and clinical practice related to the use of neuromuscular blocking agents at the Royal Perth Hospital since this introduction. Results were compared with data from 2011. Read More

    The impact of a dedicated research education month for anesthesiology residents.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 13;2015:623959. Epub 2015 Jan 13.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.
    An educational intervention was implemented at the University of Michigan starting in 2008, in which anesthesiology interns complete a dedicated month-long didactic rotation in evidence-based medicine (EBM) and research methodology. We sought to assess its utility. Scores on a validated EBM test before and after the rotation were compared and assessed for significance of improvement. Read More

    Influence of Head and Neck Position on Oropharyngeal Leak Pressure and Cuff Position with the ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway and the I-Gel: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2015 11;2015:705869. Epub 2015 Jan 11.
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry 605006, India.
    Background. This study was designed to assess and compare the effect of head and neck position on the oropharyngeal leak pressures and cuff position (employing fibreoptic view of the glottis) and ventilation scores between ProSeal LMA and the I-gel. Material and Methods. Read More

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