208 results match your criteria Anesthesiology Research and Practice [Journal]


Intraoperative Blood Loss during Induced Abortion: A Comparison of Anesthetics.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 2;2018:4051896. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, USA.

Objective: To determine whether there is a difference in intraoperative bleeding with inhalational versus noninhalational anesthetic agents for patients undergoing suction dilatation and curettage for first-trimester induced abortion.

Methods: This is an IRB-approved retrospective chart review of the electronic medical records of patients undergoing induced abortion at gestational ages between 5 0/7 and 14 0/7 weeks of pregnancy at the New York City Health + Hospitals/Metropolitan. The records of 138 patients who underwent suction dilatation and curettage for induced abortion between June 2012 and June 2014 were reviewed for an association between anesthetic technique and intraoperative hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4051896DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305036PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Effects of Intraoperative Dexamethasone and Ondansetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Microvascular Decompression Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 11;2018:6297362. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common problem and may lead to catastrophic complications, especially in neurosurgical cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dexamethasone and ondansetron for preventing PONV in patients who underwent microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery.

Methods: A prospective, double-blinded, randomized control trial was conducted with 54 patients who underwent MVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6297362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6252227PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

A Comparative Study of 0.25% Levobupivacaine, 0.25% Ropivacaine, and 0.25% Bupivacaine in Paediatric Single Shot Caudal Block.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 31;2018:1486261. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Associate Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, Govt. Medical College & Hospital, Sector-32, Chandigarh, India.

Aim: There are limited data comparing levobupivacaine, ropivacaine, and bupivacaine in paediatric patients. So, this study was performed to evaluate the caudal effectiveness of all the three drugs in paediatric patients undergoing infraumbilical surgeries and associated complications with these drugs.

Material And Methods: 90 patients of ASA grade I and II posted for elective infraumbilical surgeries were randomly divided into three groups of 30 each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1486261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234439PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Corrigendum to "Pregabalin Effect on Acute and Chronic Pain after Cardiac Surgery".

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 17;2018:5981895. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/2753962.]. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2018/5981895/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5981895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207855PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Comparison between Vapocoolant Spray and Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics Cream in Reducing Pain during Spinal Injections.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 9;2018:5050273. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia.

Background: Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) cream is often used for local anesthesia during spinal injections. However, this agent has delayed onset of action while vapocoolant spray serves more advantages. The vapocoolant spray containing ethyl chloride has fast onset and is safe, low cost, and widely available. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2018/5050273/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5050273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151195PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of Preoperative Assessment of Patient's Metabolic Equivalents (METs) Estimated from History versus Measured by Exercise Cardiac Stress Testing.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 3;2018:5912726. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, CWN-L1, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Background: Preoperative anesthetic evaluations of patients before surgery traditionally involves assessment of a patient's functional capacity to estimate perioperative risk of cardiovascular complications and need for further workup. This is typically done by inquiring about the patient's physical activity, with the goal of providing an estimate of the metabolic equivalents (METs) that the patient can perform without signs of myocardial ischemia or cardiac failure. We sought to compare estimates of patients' METs between preoperative assessment by medical history with quantified assessment of METs via the exercise cardiac stress test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5912726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6140009PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Validation of Simple Methods to Select a Suitable Nostril for Nasotracheal Intubation.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:4910653. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Division of Skull Base Surgery, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Nasotracheal intubation is a blind procedure that may lead to complications; therefore, several tests were introduced to assess a suitable nostril for nasotracheal intubation. However, the value of simple tests in clinical practice was insufficient to evaluate.

Method: A diagnostic prospective study was conducted in 42 patients, ASA classes I-III, undergoing surgery requiring nasotracheal intubation for general anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4910653DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092987PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

A Systematic Review of Postoperative Pain Outcome Measurements Utilised in Regional Anesthesia Randomized Controlled Trials.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 29;2018:9050239. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Anaesthesia, University College Hospitals London NHS Foundation Trust, University College London, London, UK.

Introduction: Regional anesthesia is a rapidly growing subspecialty. There are few published meta-analyses exploring pain outcome measures utilised in regional anesthesia randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which may be due to heterogeneity in outcomes assessed. This systematic review explores postoperative pain outcomes utilised in regional anesthesia RCTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9050239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087609PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Effect of Fluid Flow Rate on Efficacy of Fluid Warmer: An In Vitro Experimental Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 8;2018:8792125. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.

Introduction: In patients who require a massive intraoperative transfusion, cold fluid or blood transfusion can cause hypothermia and potential adverse effects. One method by which to prevent hypothermia in these patients is to warm the intravenous fluid before infusion. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the fluid flow rate on the efficacy of a fluid warmer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8792125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057410PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Preoperative Anxiety in Greek Children and Their Parents When Presenting for Routine Surgery.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 2;2018:5135203. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupoli, Greece.

Background: A surgical operation in pediatric patients is a rather stressful experience for both children and their parents. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of specific demographic characteristics in parent's and children's preoperative anxiety.

Methods: The sample was composed of 128 Greek-speaking children (1-14 years of age) who had to undergo minor surgery in a University General Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5135203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051335PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Objective Evaluation of a New Epidural Simulator by the CompuFlo Epidural Instrument.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 26;2018:4710263. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

European School of Obstetric Anesthesia (EESOA), Maternal Neonatal Simulation Centre, Roma, Italy.

Background: In this study, we describe a custom-made new epidural simulator, created by modifying the inner structure of a commercially available one, in the attempt to make it adequately realistic. To validate and evaluate the realism of our device, we used the Computerized Epidural Instrument CompuFlo.

Method: The Compuflo CompuFlo curves obtained from 64 experiments on the epidural simulator were compared to 64 curves obtained from a previous human study, from consecutive laboring parturients requesting epidural analgesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4710263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6038690PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Neurotoxicity of Inhalation Anesthetics in the Neonatal Rat Brain: Effects on Behavior and Neurodegeneration in the Piriform Cortex.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 19;2018:6376090. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

School of Medicine, Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

There is concern that clinical use of anesthetic drugs may cause neurotoxicity in the developing brain and subsequent abnormal neurobehavior. We therefore evaluated neurotoxic effects of inhalation anesthetics in the neonatal rat brain, using in vivo histological and neurobehavioral outcomes. Wistar rats (=79, postnatal day 15) were subjected to a clinically relevant single exposure of urethane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, or placebo, without surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6376090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029509PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Ultrasound-Guided Combined Interscalene-Cervical Plexus Block for Surgical Anesthesia in Clavicular Fractures: A Retrospective Observational Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 3;2018:7842128. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey.

Objective: We aim to report our experiences regarding the implementation of the ultrasound-guided combined interscalene-cervical plexus block (CISCB) technique as a sole anesthesia method in clavicular fracture repair surgery.

Materials And Methods: Charts of patients, who underwent clavicular fracture surgery through this technique, were reviewed retrospectively. We used an in-plane ultrasound-guided single-insertion, double-injection combined interscalene-cervical plexus block technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7842128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008659PMC
June 2018
21 Reads

Comment on "Pregabalin Effect on Acute and Chronic Pain after Cardiac Surgery".

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 5;2018:2603865. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Anesthesia, Ippokrateio Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2603865DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008660PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

Anesthesiologists' Preferences regarding Visitor Presence during Placement of Neuraxial Labor Analgesia.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 20;2018:3481975. Epub 2018 May 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, New York Medical College at Westchester Medical Center, 100 Woods Road, Macy Pavilion 2391, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.

Introduction: Neuraxial labor analgesia has become an integral part of modern obstetric anesthetic practice. Presence of a familiar person during its placement may be beneficial to the patient. A survey was sent to anesthesiologists practicing obstetric anesthesia in the USA to determine their views. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3481975DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985117PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Job Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Anesthetists Working in Amhara National Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia, May 2017: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 2;2018:6489674. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Anesthesia, School of Medicine, Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Job satisfaction is an important determinant of health staff's motivation, retention, and performance. Difficulties in critical decision-making and problems with lack of respect and recognition lead to lower job satisfaction level among anesthetists. It leads to high turnover intention, dropout from the profession, burnout, impaired health status of anesthetists, and lower work performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6489674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5954967PMC
May 2018
13 Reads

Postoperative Respiratory Impairment Is a Real Risk for Our Patients: The Intensivist's Perspective.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 3;2018:3215923. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Center for Critical Care, Department of Outcomes Research, Anesthesiology Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

Postoperative respiratory impairment occurs as a result of a combination of patient, surgical, and management factors and contributes to both surgical and anesthetic risk. This complication is challenging to predict and has been associated with an increase in mortality and hospital length of stay. There is mounting evidence to suggest that patients remain vulnerable to respiratory impairment well into the postoperative period, with the vast majority of adverse events occurring during the first 24 hours following discharge from anesthesia care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3215923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5952562PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Disparity between High Satisfaction and Severe Pain in Patients after Caesarean Section: A Prospective Observational-Controlled Investigation.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 11;2018:2634768. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University Medicine of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Objectives: Recent advances in the treatment of postoperative pain (POP) have increased the quality of life in surgical patients. The aim of this study was to examine the quality of POP management in patients after CS in comparison with patients after comparable surgical procedures.

Methods: This was a prospective observational analysis in patients after CS in comparison with the patients of the same age, who underwent comparable abdominal gynaecological surgeries (GS group) at the university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2634768DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5925022PMC
April 2018
7 Reads

Transient Neurologic Symptoms following Spinal Anesthesia with Isobaric Mepivacaine: A Decade of Experience at Toronto Western Hospital.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 23;2018:1901426. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Transient neurologic symptoms (TNSs) can be distressing for patients and providers following uneventful spinal anesthesia. Spinal mepivacaine may be less commonly associated with TNS than lidocaine; however, reported rates of TNS with intrathecal mepivacaine vary considerably.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study reviewing the internal medical records of surgical patients who underwent mepivacaine spinal anesthesia at Toronto Western Hospital over the last decade to determine the rate of TNS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1901426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937612PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Herbal Use among Presurgical Patients in Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 10;2018:1643607. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Anaesthesiology and Reanimation Department, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Health and Science University, İzmir, Turkey.

Introduction: For centuries before the advent of modern medicine, traditional medicinal plants were the major agents for primary health care. Their use declined in most developed western countries during the last century's industrialization and urbanization. But, the last two decades have witnessed a new resurgence of interest in herbal and alternative medicines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1643607DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5914109PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Double Barrel Nasal Trumpets to Prevent Upper Airway Obstruction after Nasal and Non-Nasal Surgery.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 20;2018:8567516. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Division of Otolaryngology, Sleep Surgery, and Sleep Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center (Tripler AMC), 1 Jarrett White Rd., Honolulu, HI 96859, USA.

Objectives: During anesthesia emergence, patients are extubated and the upper airway can become vulnerable to obstruction. Nasal trumpets can help prevent obstruction. However, we have found no manuscript describing how to place nasal trumpets after nasal surgery (septoplasties or septorhinoplasties), likely because (1) the lack of space with nasal splints in place and (2) surgeons may fear that removing the trumpets could displace the splints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8567516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884407PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Does the Use of Nitroglycerin Patch Improve Local Anaesthetic Effects in Bier's Block? A Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 7;2018:9674731. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Anesthesia and Postsurgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the nitroglycerin patch as a new additive to Bier's block and its impact on the effects and dose of lidocaine.

Methods: Forty patients of each sex belonging to ASA I or II underwent elective tendon repair surgeries of the forearm and hand. The patients were divided into two equal groups as follows: Group C received only lidocaine (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9674731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5863317PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Effects of Tibetan Music on Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Functions in Patients Waiting for Surgery: A Randomized, Controlled Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 5;2018:9683780. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care, and Pain Therapy, University of Foggia, Policlinico "OO. Riuniti", Foggia, Italy.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of listening to Tibetan music on anxiety and endocrine, autonomic, cognitive responses in patients waiting for urologic surgery.

Methods: Sixty patients waiting for surgery were enrolled to the study. They were randomized in music (M) and control (C) groups. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2018/9683780/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9683780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5859866PMC
March 2018
14 Reads

Absence of Association between Preoperative Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rates and Postoperative Outcomes following Elective Gastrointestinal Surgeries: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 6;2018:5710641. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Pre-Operative Assessment Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Preoperative risk stratification and optimising care of patients undergoing elective surgery are important to reduce the risk of postoperative outcomes. Renal dysfunction is becoming increasingly prevalent, but its impact on patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery is unknown although much evidence is available for cardiac surgery. This study aimed to investigate the impact of preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5710641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5859863PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Effectiveness of Bilateral Superficial Cervical Plexus Block as Part of Postoperative Analgesia for Patients Undergoing Thyroidectomy in Empress Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 21;2018:6107674. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: The pain after thyroid surgery is considered of moderate intensity and short duration. Most trials showed significant reduction in pain intensity and severity of pain in patients for whom bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) was done.

Objective: To assess the postoperative analgesic effect of BSCPB for thyroid surgery. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2018/6107674/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6107674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5828561PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Efficacy of Bilateral Transversus Abdominis Plane and Ilioinguinal-Iliohypogastric Nerve Blocks for Postcaesarean Delivery Pain Relief under Spinal Anesthesia.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 21;2018:1948261. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Caesarean delivery can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (II-IH) nerve blocks on pain after caesarean delivery via Pfannenstiel incision have been demonstrated, no enough investigations on the comparison of these blocks on pain after caesarean delivery have been conducted in our setup.

Method: An institutional-based prospective observational cohort study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of those blocks. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2018/1948261/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1948261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5828538PMC
January 2018
16 Reads

Utilization of Smartphone Applications by Anesthesia Providers.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 8;2018:8694357. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Suite 7502, MS 310, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA.

Health care-related apps provide valuable facts and have added a new dimension to knowledge sharing. The purpose of this study is to understand the pattern of utilization of mobile apps specifically created for anesthesia providers. Smartphone app stores were searched, and a survey was sent to 416 anesthesia providers at 136 anesthesiology residency programs querying specific facets of application use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8694357DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5822814PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Achieving the Recommended Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure: A Randomized Control Study Comparing Loss of Resistance Syringe to Pilot Balloon Palpation.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 31;2017:2032748. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Both under- and overinflation of endotracheal tube cuffs can result in significant harm to the patient. The optimal technique for establishing and maintaining safe cuff pressures (20-30 cmHO) is the cuff pressure manometer, but this is not widely available, especially in resource-limited settings where its use is limited by cost of acquisition and maintenance. Therefore, anesthesia providers commonly rely on subjective methods to estimate safe endotracheal cuff pressure. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2017/2032748/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2032748DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804330PMC
December 2017
21 Reads

Preoperative Anaemia and Associated Postoperative Outcomes in Noncardiac Surgery Patients in Central Region of Ghana.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 11;2017:7410960. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Introduction: Several studies suggest that preoperative anaemia (PA) is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes, but little is known about these outcomes in the Central Region of Ghana. This study aims to determine the prevalence of PA among noncardiac surgical patients and its implications for their postoperative outcomes.

Methods: This study was designed as an observational study; data including demographics and clinical and laboratory results were collected from the patients' records and through interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7410960DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5742513PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

Intravenous Magnesium Sulphate for Analgesia after Caesarean Section: A Systematic Review.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 3;2017:9186374. Epub 2017 Dec 3.

Rural Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: To summarise the evidence for use of intravenous magnesium for analgesic effect in caesarean section patients.

Background: Postcaesarean pain requires effective analgesia. Magnesium, an -methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist and calcium-channel blocker, has previously been investigated for its analgesic properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9186374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733151PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Lateral Supratrochanteric Approach to Sciatic and Femoral Nerve Blocks in Children: A Feasibility Study.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 29;2017:9454807. Epub 2017 Oct 29.

Lviv Regional Children's Clinic Hospital, Lysenka St. 31, Lviv 79008, Ukraine.

Background: Sciatic and femoral nerve blocks (SNB and FNB) result in effective lower limb analgesia. Classical SNB and FNB require patient repositioning which can cause pain and discomfort. Alternative approaches to sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in supine patients can be useful. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2017/9454807/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9454807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5682050PMC
October 2017
9 Reads

Drug Errors and Protocol for Prevention among Anaesthetists in Nigeria.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 23;2017:2045382. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, PMB 6173, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background: Drugs are often prescribed, dispensed, and administered by the same person during anaesthesia, and this may increase the risk of drug error.

Objectives: To assess the frequency of drug administration errors by anaesthetists, the drugs commonly involved, and the effects of such errors.

Method: A questionnaire-based study was carried out among participants at an annual conference of Nigerian anaesthetists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2045382DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5672586PMC
October 2017
7 Reads

Corrigendum to "Sugammadex-Enhanced Neuronal Apoptosis following Neonatal Sevoflurane Exposure in Mice".

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 17;2017:1368514. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 1138519, Japan.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/9682703.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1368514DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664264PMC
October 2017
9 Reads

What Do Anesthesiologists Know about Values, Confidence Intervals, and Correlations: A Pilot Survey.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:4201289. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Statistical methods form the basis for clinical decision-making in evidence-based anesthesia. Data on the knowledge of anesthesiologists about statistics are lacking. This pilot study aims to provide a first impression of the anesthesiologists' understanding of commonly used concepts in statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4201289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5660771PMC
October 2017
8 Reads

Feasibility of Cervical Epidural Anesthesia for Breast Cancer Surgery.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 18;2017:7024924. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, St. Franziskus Hospital, Muenster, Germany.

Background: Effects of perioperative cervical level neuraxial blocks on the dissemination of cancer metastases have become a matter of substantial interest. However, experience with these catheters has been limited and data on feasibility and efficacy is sparse.

Methods: Data from 39 patients scheduled to undergo breast cancer surgery while awake with a cervical epidural alone was retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7024924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5540389PMC
July 2017
27 Reads

Magnitude and Predisposing Factors of Difficult Airway during Induction of General Anaesthesia.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 11;2017:5836397. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

College of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: To assess magnitude and predisposing factors of difficult airway during induction of general anaesthesia.

Methods: Hospital based cross sectional study carried out to determine the incidence of difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy (Cormack and Lehane III and IV), difficult intubation (IDS ≥ 5), and failed intubation. The association between each predisposing factor and airway parameters with components of difficult airway is investigated with binary logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5836397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5525083PMC
July 2017
10 Reads

Factors Associated with Postoperative Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 3;2017:3728289. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Introduction: Almost all pediatric orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients require mechanical ventilation in the early postoperative period. Prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation (PPMV) may be a marker of severe disease and may be associated with morbidity and mortality. We determined the incidence and risk factors for PPMV in children who underwent OLT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/3728289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5512041PMC
July 2017
8 Reads

Organs Blood Flow during Elevation of Body Temperature in Sevoflurane Anesthetized Rats.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 4;2017:6182350. Epub 2017 Jun 4.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Fukui University, Fukui, Japan.

The aim of this study is to investigate how elevation of body temperature changes organs blood flow during sevoflurane anesthesia. We conducted in vivo research on 14 male Wistar rats to monitor pulse rate and arterial blood pressure and measure hepatic, small intestinal, renal, and descending aortic blood flow using a laser Doppler blood flowmeter. We assessed the changes in organ blood flow, pulse rate, and arterial blood pressure during elevation of the rats' body temperatures up to 41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6182350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5474235PMC
June 2017
8 Reads

Pregabalin Effect on Acute and Chronic Pain after Cardiac Surgery.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 30;2017:2753962. Epub 2017 Apr 30.

Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.

Pain after cardiac surgery affects long-term patient wellness. This study investigated the effect of preoperative pregabalin on acute and chronic pain after elective cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. Prospective double blind study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2753962DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5429923PMC
April 2017
27 Reads

A Retrospective Analysis of Oxygen Desaturation during Acoustic Respiratory Rate Monitoring in Non-ICU Patients following Tracheal Extubation after General Anesthesia.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:4203156. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Department of Anesthesiology and Division of Intensive Care, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8522, Japan.

. Acoustic respiratory rate (RRa) monitoring provides an accurate estimation of the respiratory rate (RR). We investigated the incidence of oxygen desaturation under RRa monitoring in a postoperative setting and identified its related factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4203156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405372PMC
April 2017
13 Reads

The Effect of Tracheal Intubation-Induced Autonomic Response on Photoplethysmography.

Authors:
Pekka Talke

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 2;2017:7646541. Epub 2017 Apr 2.

University of California San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

. Intraoperative stress responses and postoperative pain can be monitored using photoplethysmography (PPG). PPG signal has two components, AC and DC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7646541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392400PMC
April 2017
11 Reads

Analgesic Effects of Preincision Ketamine on Postspinal Caesarean Delivery in Uganda's Tertiary Hospital: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 21;2017:5627062. Epub 2017 Feb 21.

Department of Anesthesia, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

. Good postoperative analgesic management improves maternal satisfaction and care of the neonate. Postoperative pain management is a challenge in Mulago Hospital, yet ketamine is accessible and has proven benefit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5627062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5339494PMC
February 2017
20 Reads

Injectable Anesthesia for Mice: Combined Effects of Dexmedetomidine, Tiletamine-Zolazepam, and Butorphanol.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 22;2017:9161040. Epub 2017 Jan 22.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.

Anesthetic protocols for murine models are varied within the literature and medetomidine has been implicated in the development of urethral plugs in male mice. Our objective was to evaluate the combination of butorphanol, dexmedetomidine, and tiletamine-zolazepam. A secondary objective was to identify which class of agent was associated with urethral obstructions in male mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9161040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5292157PMC
January 2017
21 Reads

Regional Anaesthesia Is Associated with Shorter Postanaesthetic Care and Less Pain Than General Anaesthesia after Upper Extremity Surgery.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:6308371. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Östersund Hospital, Östersund, Sweden; Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Unit of Research, Education and Development-Östersund, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

. For surgery on the upper extremity, the anaesthetist often has a choice between regional anaesthesia (RA) and general anaesthesia (GA). We sought to investigate the possible differences between RA and GA after upper extremity surgery with regard to postoperative patient comfort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6308371DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5128692PMC
November 2016
15 Reads

Sugammadex-Enhanced Neuronal Apoptosis following Neonatal Sevoflurane Exposure in Mice.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 8;2016:9682703. Epub 2016 Nov 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 1138519, Japan.

In rodents, neonatal sevoflurane exposure induces neonatal apoptosis in the brain and results in learning deficits. Sugammadex is a new selective neuromuscular blockade (NMB) binding agent that anesthesiologists can use to achieve immediate reversal of an NMB with few side effects. Given its molecular weight of 2178, sugammadex is thought to be unable to pass through the blood brain barrier (BBB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9682703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5118529PMC
November 2016
12 Reads

Perioperative Elevation in Cell-Free DNA Levels in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Possible Contribution of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps to Perioperative Renal Dysfunction.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:2794364. Epub 2016 Nov 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan.

. This study aimed to determine the perioperative change in serum double-strand DNA (dsDNA) as a marker potentially reflecting neutrophil extracellular trap concentration in samples from patients undergoing cardiac surgery and to analyze a relationship between serum dsDNA concentrations and perioperative renal dysfunction. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2794364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5110877PMC
November 2016
18 Reads

The AMBU® Aura-i™ Laryngeal Mask and LMA Supreme™: A Randomized Trial of Clinical Performance and Fibreoptic Positioning in Unparalysed, Anaesthetised Patients by Novices.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 25;2016:4717061. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Department of Women's Anaesthesia, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

. Manikin studies' data cannot accurately be extrapolated to real-life scenarios and inherent differences in design and materials of newer products may affect their clinical performance. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4717061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5099491PMC
October 2016
13 Reads

Current Trends in Neuromuscular Blockade, Management, and Monitoring amongst Singaporean Anaesthetists.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 13;2016:7284146. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

College of Anaesthesiologists, Singapore; Anaesthetic Associates, Singapore.

. This survey aimed to investigate the attitudes/practice pertaining the use, management, and monitoring of neuromuscular blockade amongst Singaporean anaesthetists. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7284146DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5081927PMC
October 2016
11 Reads

Time Trends and Predictors of Abnormal Postoperative Body Temperature in Infants Transported to the Intensive Care Unit.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:7318137. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

. Despite increasing adoption of active warming methods over the recent years, little is known about the effectiveness of these interventions on the occurrence of abnormal postoperative temperatures in sick infants. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7318137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5061937PMC
September 2016
17 Reads

Hypnosis in the Perioperative Management of Breast Cancer Surgery: Clinical Benefits and Potential Implications.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 21;2016:2942416. Epub 2016 Aug 21.

Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Service d'Anesthésiologie, 10 Avenue Hippocrate, 1200 Brussels, Belgium.

The aim of this review is to summarize data published on the use of perioperative hypnosis in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery (BCS). Indeed, the majority of BCS patients experience stress, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, and pain. Correct management of the perioperative period and surgical removal of the primary tumor are clearly essential but can affect patients on different levels and hence have a negative impact on oncological outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2942416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5011203PMC
September 2016
8 Reads