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    188 results match your criteria Anesthesiology Research and Practice [Journal]

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    Double Barrel Nasal Trumpets to Prevent Upper Airway Obstruction after Nasal and Non-Nasal Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 20;2018:8567516. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Division of Otolaryngology, Sleep Surgery, and Sleep Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center (Tripler AMC), 1 Jarrett White Rd., Honolulu, HI 96859, USA.
    Objectives: During anesthesia emergence, patients are extubated and the upper airway can become vulnerable to obstruction. Nasal trumpets can help prevent obstruction. However, we have found no manuscript describing how to place nasal trumpets after nasal surgery (septoplasties or septorhinoplasties), likely because (1) the lack of space with nasal splints in place and (2) surgeons may fear that removing the trumpets could displace the splints. Read More

    Does the Use of Nitroglycerin Patch Improve Local Anaesthetic Effects in Bier's Block? A Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 7;2018:9674731. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    Department of Anesthesia and Postsurgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.
    Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the nitroglycerin patch as a new additive to Bier's block and its impact on the effects and dose of lidocaine.

    Methods: Forty patients of each sex belonging to ASA I or II underwent elective tendon repair surgeries of the forearm and hand. The patients were divided into two equal groups as follows: Group C received only lidocaine (1. Read More

    Effects of Tibetan Music on Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Functions in Patients Waiting for Surgery: A Randomized, Controlled Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 5;2018:9683780. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
    Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care, and Pain Therapy, University of Foggia, Policlinico "OO. Riuniti", Foggia, Italy.
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of listening to Tibetan music on anxiety and endocrine, autonomic, cognitive responses in patients waiting for urologic surgery.

    Methods: Sixty patients waiting for surgery were enrolled to the study. They were randomized in music (M) and control (C) groups. Read More

    Absence of Association between Preoperative Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rates and Postoperative Outcomes following Elective Gastrointestinal Surgeries: A Prospective Cohort Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 6;2018:5710641. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
    Pre-Operative Assessment Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Background: Preoperative risk stratification and optimising care of patients undergoing elective surgery are important to reduce the risk of postoperative outcomes. Renal dysfunction is becoming increasingly prevalent, but its impact on patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery is unknown although much evidence is available for cardiac surgery. This study aimed to investigate the impact of preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgeries. Read More

    Effectiveness of Bilateral Superficial Cervical Plexus Block as Part of Postoperative Analgesia for Patients Undergoing Thyroidectomy in Empress Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 21;2018:6107674. Epub 2018 Jan 21.
    Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Introduction: The pain after thyroid surgery is considered of moderate intensity and short duration. Most trials showed significant reduction in pain intensity and severity of pain in patients for whom bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) was done.

    Objective: To assess the postoperative analgesic effect of BSCPB for thyroid surgery. Read More

    Efficacy of Bilateral Transversus Abdominis Plane and Ilioinguinal-Iliohypogastric Nerve Blocks for Postcaesarean Delivery Pain Relief under Spinal Anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 21;2018:1948261. Epub 2018 Jan 21.
    Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Background: Caesarean delivery can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (II-IH) nerve blocks on pain after caesarean delivery via Pfannenstiel incision have been demonstrated, no enough investigations on the comparison of these blocks on pain after caesarean delivery have been conducted in our setup.

    Method: An institutional-based prospective observational cohort study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of those blocks. Read More

    Utilization of Smartphone Applications by Anesthesia Providers.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2018 8;2018:8694357. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N. 15th Street, Suite 7502, MS 310, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA.
    Health care-related apps provide valuable facts and have added a new dimension to knowledge sharing. The purpose of this study is to understand the pattern of utilization of mobile apps specifically created for anesthesia providers. Smartphone app stores were searched, and a survey was sent to 416 anesthesia providers at 136 anesthesiology residency programs querying specific facets of application use. Read More

    Achieving the Recommended Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure: A Randomized Control Study Comparing Loss of Resistance Syringe to Pilot Balloon Palpation.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 31;2017:2032748. Epub 2017 Dec 31.
    Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
    Background: Both under- and overinflation of endotracheal tube cuffs can result in significant harm to the patient. The optimal technique for establishing and maintaining safe cuff pressures (20-30 cmHO) is the cuff pressure manometer, but this is not widely available, especially in resource-limited settings where its use is limited by cost of acquisition and maintenance. Therefore, anesthesia providers commonly rely on subjective methods to estimate safe endotracheal cuff pressure. Read More

    Preoperative Anaemia and Associated Postoperative Outcomes in Noncardiac Surgery Patients in Central Region of Ghana.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 11;2017:7410960. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
    Introduction: Several studies suggest that preoperative anaemia (PA) is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes, but little is known about these outcomes in the Central Region of Ghana. This study aims to determine the prevalence of PA among noncardiac surgical patients and its implications for their postoperative outcomes.

    Methods: This study was designed as an observational study; data including demographics and clinical and laboratory results were collected from the patients' records and through interviews. Read More

    Intravenous Magnesium Sulphate for Analgesia after Caesarean Section: A Systematic Review.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 3;2017:9186374. Epub 2017 Dec 3.
    Rural Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
    Objective: To summarise the evidence for use of intravenous magnesium for analgesic effect in caesarean section patients.

    Background: Postcaesarean pain requires effective analgesia. Magnesium, an -methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist and calcium-channel blocker, has previously been investigated for its analgesic properties. Read More

    Lateral Supratrochanteric Approach to Sciatic and Femoral Nerve Blocks in Children: A Feasibility Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 29;2017:9454807. Epub 2017 Oct 29.
    Lviv Regional Children's Clinic Hospital, Lysenka St. 31, Lviv 79008, Ukraine.
    Background: Sciatic and femoral nerve blocks (SNB and FNB) result in effective lower limb analgesia. Classical SNB and FNB require patient repositioning which can cause pain and discomfort. Alternative approaches to sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in supine patients can be useful. Read More

    Drug Errors and Protocol for Prevention among Anaesthetists in Nigeria.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 23;2017:2045382. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, PMB 6173, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
    Background: Drugs are often prescribed, dispensed, and administered by the same person during anaesthesia, and this may increase the risk of drug error.

    Objectives: To assess the frequency of drug administration errors by anaesthetists, the drugs commonly involved, and the effects of such errors.

    Method: A questionnaire-based study was carried out among participants at an annual conference of Nigerian anaesthetists. Read More

    What Do Anesthesiologists Know about Values, Confidence Intervals, and Correlations: A Pilot Survey.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:4201289. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Department of Anesthesiology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Background: Statistical methods form the basis for clinical decision-making in evidence-based anesthesia. Data on the knowledge of anesthesiologists about statistics are lacking. This pilot study aims to provide a first impression of the anesthesiologists' understanding of commonly used concepts in statistics. Read More

    Feasibility of Cervical Epidural Anesthesia for Breast Cancer Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 18;2017:7024924. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, St. Franziskus Hospital, Muenster, Germany.
    Background: Effects of perioperative cervical level neuraxial blocks on the dissemination of cancer metastases have become a matter of substantial interest. However, experience with these catheters has been limited and data on feasibility and efficacy is sparse.

    Methods: Data from 39 patients scheduled to undergo breast cancer surgery while awake with a cervical epidural alone was retrospectively analyzed. Read More

    Magnitude and Predisposing Factors of Difficult Airway during Induction of General Anaesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 11;2017:5836397. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    College of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Objective: To assess magnitude and predisposing factors of difficult airway during induction of general anaesthesia.

    Methods: Hospital based cross sectional study carried out to determine the incidence of difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy (Cormack and Lehane III and IV), difficult intubation (IDS ≥ 5), and failed intubation. The association between each predisposing factor and airway parameters with components of difficult airway is investigated with binary logistic regression. Read More

    Factors Associated with Postoperative Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 3;2017:3728289. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
    Introduction: Almost all pediatric orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients require mechanical ventilation in the early postoperative period. Prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation (PPMV) may be a marker of severe disease and may be associated with morbidity and mortality. We determined the incidence and risk factors for PPMV in children who underwent OLT. Read More

    Organs Blood Flow during Elevation of Body Temperature in Sevoflurane Anesthetized Rats.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 4;2017:6182350. Epub 2017 Jun 4.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Fukui University, Fukui, Japan.
    The aim of this study is to investigate how elevation of body temperature changes organs blood flow during sevoflurane anesthesia. We conducted in vivo research on 14 male Wistar rats to monitor pulse rate and arterial blood pressure and measure hepatic, small intestinal, renal, and descending aortic blood flow using a laser Doppler blood flowmeter. We assessed the changes in organ blood flow, pulse rate, and arterial blood pressure during elevation of the rats' body temperatures up to 41. Read More

    Pregabalin Effect on Acute and Chronic Pain after Cardiac Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 30;2017:2753962. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.
    Pain after cardiac surgery affects long-term patient wellness. This study investigated the effect of preoperative pregabalin on acute and chronic pain after elective cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. Prospective double blind study. Read More

    A Retrospective Analysis of Oxygen Desaturation during Acoustic Respiratory Rate Monitoring in Non-ICU Patients following Tracheal Extubation after General Anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:4203156. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Division of Intensive Care, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8522, Japan.
    . Acoustic respiratory rate (RRa) monitoring provides an accurate estimation of the respiratory rate (RR). We investigated the incidence of oxygen desaturation under RRa monitoring in a postoperative setting and identified its related factors. Read More

    Analgesic Effects of Preincision Ketamine on Postspinal Caesarean Delivery in Uganda's Tertiary Hospital: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 21;2017:5627062. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Anesthesia, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
    . Good postoperative analgesic management improves maternal satisfaction and care of the neonate. Postoperative pain management is a challenge in Mulago Hospital, yet ketamine is accessible and has proven benefit. Read More

    Injectable Anesthesia for Mice: Combined Effects of Dexmedetomidine, Tiletamine-Zolazepam, and Butorphanol.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2017 22;2017:9161040. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.
    Anesthetic protocols for murine models are varied within the literature and medetomidine has been implicated in the development of urethral plugs in male mice. Our objective was to evaluate the combination of butorphanol, dexmedetomidine, and tiletamine-zolazepam. A secondary objective was to identify which class of agent was associated with urethral obstructions in male mice. Read More

    Regional Anaesthesia Is Associated with Shorter Postanaesthetic Care and Less Pain Than General Anaesthesia after Upper Extremity Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:6308371. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Östersund Hospital, Östersund, Sweden; Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Unit of Research, Education and Development-Östersund, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    . For surgery on the upper extremity, the anaesthetist often has a choice between regional anaesthesia (RA) and general anaesthesia (GA). We sought to investigate the possible differences between RA and GA after upper extremity surgery with regard to postoperative patient comfort. Read More

    Sugammadex-Enhanced Neuronal Apoptosis following Neonatal Sevoflurane Exposure in Mice.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 8;2016:9682703. Epub 2016 Nov 8.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 1138519, Japan.
    In rodents, neonatal sevoflurane exposure induces neonatal apoptosis in the brain and results in learning deficits. Sugammadex is a new selective neuromuscular blockade (NMB) binding agent that anesthesiologists can use to achieve immediate reversal of an NMB with few side effects. Given its molecular weight of 2178, sugammadex is thought to be unable to pass through the blood brain barrier (BBB). Read More

    Perioperative Elevation in Cell-Free DNA Levels in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Possible Contribution of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps to Perioperative Renal Dysfunction.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:2794364. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan.
    . This study aimed to determine the perioperative change in serum double-strand DNA (dsDNA) as a marker potentially reflecting neutrophil extracellular trap concentration in samples from patients undergoing cardiac surgery and to analyze a relationship between serum dsDNA concentrations and perioperative renal dysfunction. . Read More

    The AMBU® Aura-i™ Laryngeal Mask and LMA Supreme™: A Randomized Trial of Clinical Performance and Fibreoptic Positioning in Unparalysed, Anaesthetised Patients by Novices.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 25;2016:4717061. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
    Department of Women's Anaesthesia, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.
    . Manikin studies' data cannot accurately be extrapolated to real-life scenarios and inherent differences in design and materials of newer products may affect their clinical performance. . Read More

    Current Trends in Neuromuscular Blockade, Management, and Monitoring amongst Singaporean Anaesthetists.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 13;2016:7284146. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    College of Anaesthesiologists, Singapore; Anaesthetic Associates, Singapore.
    . This survey aimed to investigate the attitudes/practice pertaining the use, management, and monitoring of neuromuscular blockade amongst Singaporean anaesthetists. . Read More

    Time Trends and Predictors of Abnormal Postoperative Body Temperature in Infants Transported to the Intensive Care Unit.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:7318137. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
    . Despite increasing adoption of active warming methods over the recent years, little is known about the effectiveness of these interventions on the occurrence of abnormal postoperative temperatures in sick infants. . Read More

    Hypnosis in the Perioperative Management of Breast Cancer Surgery: Clinical Benefits and Potential Implications.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 21;2016:2942416. Epub 2016 Aug 21.
    Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Service d'Anesthésiologie, 10 Avenue Hippocrate, 1200 Brussels, Belgium.
    The aim of this review is to summarize data published on the use of perioperative hypnosis in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery (BCS). Indeed, the majority of BCS patients experience stress, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, and pain. Correct management of the perioperative period and surgical removal of the primary tumor are clearly essential but can affect patients on different levels and hence have a negative impact on oncological outcomes. Read More

    The Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Lumbar Epidural Injection for Failed Back Surgery Syndrome.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 17;2016:7198048. Epub 2016 Aug 17.
    Department of Anaesthesia, ICU and Pain Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Shibin El-Koom 32518, Egypt.
    Purpose. Failed back surgery syndrome is a chronic pain condition requiring rapid, effective, and efficient management. This study evaluates the effect of adding dexmedetomidine to lumbar epidural steroids in patients with failed back surgery syndrome. Read More

    Length of Stay in Ambulatory Surgical Oncology Patients at High Risk for Sleep Apnea as Predicted by STOP-BANG Questionnaire.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:9425936. Epub 2016 Aug 16.
    Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
    Background. The STOP-BANG questionnaire has been used to identify surgical patients at risk for undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by classifying patients as low risk (LR) if STOP-BANG score < 3 or high risk (HR) if STOP-BANG score ≥ 3. Few studies have examined whether postoperative complications are increased in HR patients and none have been described in oncologic patients. Read More

    Intubation Success through I-Gel® and Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway® Using Flexible Silicone Tubes: A Randomised Noninferiority Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 10;2016:7318595. Epub 2016 Jul 10.
    Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada N6A 5A5.
    Introduction. The study aims to test whether flexible silicone tubes (FST) improve performance and provide similar intubation success through I-Gel as compared to ILMA. Our trial is registered in CTRI and the registration number is "CTRI/2016/06/006997. Read More

    The Effect of Patient Weight and Provider Training and Experience on Dosing of Rocuronium.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 26;2016:3136895. Epub 2016 Jun 26.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA.
    Introduction. Maintenance dosing of neuromuscular blocking agents is complex and varies with patient, procedure, and clinical situation. With this in mind, we sought to identify factors impacting the maintenance dosing of neuromuscular blockers as a step toward identifying best practice with respect to minimizing residual neuromuscular blockade. Read More

    Comparison of Medical Adhesive Tapes in Patients at Risk of Facial Skin Trauma under Anesthesia.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 12;2016:4878246. Epub 2016 Jun 12.
    Department of Anaesthesia, Singapore General Hospital, Block 2, Level 2, College Road, Singapore 169608.
    Introduction. Adhesive tapes are used for taping eyelids closed and securing endotracheal tubes during general anesthesia. These tapes can cause facial skin injury. Read More

    Effects of Addition of Systemic Tramadol or Adjunct Tramadol to Lidocaine Used for Intravenous Regional Anesthesia in Patients Undergoing Hand Surgery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 30;2016:9161264. Epub 2016 May 30.
    Anesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, 34218 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is used in outpatient hand surgery as an easily applicable and cost-effective technique with clinical advantages. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of addition of systemic tramadol or adjunct tramadol to lidocaine for IVRA in patients undergoing hand surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II patients (n = 60) who underwent hand surgery were included. Read More

    Development and Testing of Screen-Based and Psychometric Instruments for Assessing Resident Performance in an Operating Room Simulator.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:9348478. Epub 2016 May 11.
    Music Engineering Technology, University of Miami, Frost School of Music, 1550 Brescia Avenue, Founder's Hall Rm 140, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA.
    Introduction. Medical simulators are used for assessing clinical skills and increasingly for testing hypotheses. We developed and tested an approach for assessing performance in anesthesia residents using screen-based simulation that ensures expert raters remain blinded to subject identity and experimental condition. Read More

    Comparison of the Success of Two Techniques for the Endotracheal Intubation with C-MAC Video Laryngoscope Miller Blade in Children: A Prospective Randomized Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 15;2016:4196813. Epub 2016 May 15.
    Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi 110029, India.
    Background. Ease of endotracheal intubation with C-MAC video laryngoscope (VLS) with Miller blades 0 and 1 has not been evaluated in children. Methods. Read More

    A Prospective Cohort Study Evaluating the Ability of Anticipated Pain, Perceived Analgesic Needs, and Psychological Traits to Predict Pain and Analgesic Usage following Cesarean Delivery.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:7948412. Epub 2016 Apr 7.
    Department of Anaesthesia, University College Hospital, London NW1 2BU, UK.
    Introduction. This study aimed to determine if preoperative psychological tests combined with simple pain prediction ratings could predict pain intensity and analgesic usage following cesarean delivery (CD). Methods. Read More

    Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Current Clinical Opinions and Anesthesiologists Perspective.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:9036872. Epub 2016 Mar 27.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Rohini, Delhi 85, India.
    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), a minimally invasive method for removal of renal calculi, was initially started in the 1950s but gained popularity about two decades later and has now become standard practice for management. There has been an immense improvement in technique and various guidelines have been established for treatment of renal stones. However, it has its own share of complications which can be attributed to surgical technique as well as anesthesia related complications. Read More

    Comparison of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone for Prophylaxis of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Surgeries: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:7089454. Epub 2016 Mar 27.
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine & Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.
    Background. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a significant complication after laparoscopic surgeries. Ondansetron and dexamethasone are most commonly used drugs for PONV prophylaxis. Read More

    Leakage Characteristics of Dual-Cannula Fenestrated Tracheostomy Tubes during Positive Pressure Ventilation: A Bench Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 17;2016:9272865. Epub 2016 Mar 17.
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Inselspital-Bern University Hospital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.
    This study compared the leakage characteristics of different types of dual-cannula fenestrated tracheostomy tubes during positive pressure ventilation. Fenestrated Portex® Blue Line Ultra®, TRACOE® twist, or Rüsch® Traceofix® tracheostomy tubes equipped with nonfenestrated inner cannulas were tested in a tracheostomy-lung simulator. Transfenestration pressures and transfenestration leakage rates were measured during positive pressure ventilation. Read More

    Dexmedetomidine versus Magnesium Sulfate as Adjunct during Anesthesia for Laparoscopic Colectomy.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 9;2016:7172920. Epub 2016 Mar 9.
    Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
    Objectives. To compare dexmedetomidine versus magnesium during laparoscopic colectomy. Patients and Methods. Read More

    Comparative Evaluation of Pain Scores during Periodontal Probing with or without Anesthetic Gels.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:5768482. Epub 2016 Feb 29.
    Department of Periodontics, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana 501101, India.
    Context. The initial periodontal examination which includes full-mouth periodontal probing is one of the discomforting procedures for a patient. Aim. Read More

    Impact of an Innovative Classroom-Based Lecture Series on Residents' Evaluations of an Anesthesiology Rotation.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 17;2016:8543809. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive H3580, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5640, USA.
    Introduction. Millennial resident learners may benefit from innovative instructional methods. The goal of this study is to assess the impact of a new daily, 15 minutes on one anesthesia keyword, lecture series given by faculty member each weekday on resident postrotation evaluation scores. Read More

    The Relationship of the Subclavius Muscle with Relevance to Venous Cannulation below the Clavicle.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:6249483. Epub 2016 Feb 7.
    Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.
    Introduction. The catheter "pinch-off syndrome" has been described to be secondary to crimping of the catheter between the clavicle and the first rib, as well as entrapment of the catheter at the site of penetration of the subclavius muscle. The lateral insertion technique has been recommended to prevent catheter pinch-off, but it is unknown if this technique can prevent entrapment by the subclavius muscle. Read More

    Efficacy of Continuous S(+)-Ketamine Infusion for Postoperative Pain Control: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:6918327. Epub 2016 Feb 2.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Centro Médico Campinas, Rua Edilberto Luis Pereira da Silva 150, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Aim. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of continuous intraoperative infusion of S(+)-ketamine under intravenous anesthesia with target-controlled infusion of remifentanil and propofol for postoperative pain control. Methods. Read More

    Improving Patient Safety through Simulation Training in Anesthesiology: Where Are We?
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 1;2016:4237523. Epub 2016 Feb 1.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Hahnemann University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA.
    There have been colossal technological advances in the use of simulation in anesthesiology in the past 2 decades. Over the years, the use of simulation has gone from low fidelity to high fidelity models that mimic human responses in a startlingly realistic manner, extremely life-like mannequin that breathes, generates E.K. Read More

    A Posterior TAP Block Provides More Effective Analgesia Than a Lateral TAP Block in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery: A Retrospective Study.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 28;2016:4598583. Epub 2016 Jan 28.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Showa University Hospital, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142-8666, Japan.
    Background. There are a few papers that compared the lateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with the posterior TAP block. Our study aimed to compare retrospectively the quality of analgesia after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery using the lateral TAP block with general anesthesia versus the posterior TAP block with general anesthesia. Read More

    Granisetron versus Granisetron-Dexamethasone for Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Pediatric Strabismus Surgery: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial.
    Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016 26;2016:4281719. Epub 2016 Jan 26.
    Room Number 5007, Department of Anaesthesiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.
    Aim. Efficacy of granisetron and combination of granisetron and dexamethasone was evaluated for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children undergoing elective strabismus surgery. Methods. Read More

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