Anesthesiol Clin 2017 Sep 5;35(3):523-538. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
Departments of Surgery, Ophthalmology and Bioengineering, US Air Force, Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Richard H. Dean Biomedical Building, 391 Technology Way, Winston Salem, NC 27101, USA. Electronic address:
Reconstructive transplantation of vascularized composite allografts (VCAs), such as upper extremity, craniofacial, abdominal, lower extremity, or genitourinary transplants, has emerged as a cutting-edge specialty, with more than 50 programs in the United States and 30 programs across the world performing these procedures. Most VCAs involve complicated technical planning and preparation, protracted surgery, and complex immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory protocols, each associated with unique anesthesiology challenges. This article outlines key procedural, patient, and protocol-related aspects of VCA relevant to anesthesiology management with the goal of ensuring patient safety and optimizing surgical, immunologic, and functional outcomes. Read More