Zhongguo Gu Shang 2022 Aug;35(8):717-23
Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang, China.
Objective: To investigate the incidence of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) before surgery in patients with spinal fracture and analyze its risk factors.
Methods: The clinical data of 1 046 patients with spinal fracture who underwent surgery from October 2017 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including patient's age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, complications, the time from injury to diagnosis of DVT, blood index results on admission. The complications included hypertension, osteoporosis, diabetes, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), anemia, obesity, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypoproteinemia, renal insufficiency, spinal cord injury;blood index results on admission included hematocrit (HCT), creatinine (Cre), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein(LDL), D-dimer(D-D), fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products(FDP), and C-reactive protein(CRP). Read More