213,047 results match your criteria Anemia Myelophthisic


[Cobalamin deficiency in dogs and cats].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cobalamin is a member of the B-group of vitamins and a cofactor for metabolic processes like nucleic acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and the citric acid cycle. Mammals are unable to synthesize cobalamin and therefore rely on adequate food intake. Cobalamin absorption is a complex process in the stomach, duodenum, and ileum, requiring a functional exocrine pancreas. Read More

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October 2018
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Multiplexed CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout of 19 Fanconi anemia pathway genes in zebrafish revealed their roles in growth, sexual development and fertility.

PLoS Genet 2018 Dec 12;14(12):e1007821. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cancer Genomics Unit, Cancer Genetics and Comparative Genomics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.

Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a genomic instability syndrome resulting in aplastic anemia, developmental abnormalities, and predisposition to hematological and other solid organ malignancies. Mutations in genes that encode proteins of the FA pathway fail to orchestrate the repair of DNA damage caused by DNA interstrand crosslinks. Zebrafish harbor homologs for nearly all known FA genes. Read More

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December 2018
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Men's position in family care on situations of chronic illness.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2018 Dec 10;52:e03398. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.

Objective: To understand the care by men in situations of chronic illness of one or more of his children, based on the dimensions of care.

Method: It was based on a comprehensive approach and on the (re)view of the database of the matrix research to which the study is linked, with emphasis on three experiences of illness, in which the men effectively participated in the family care: two children with sickle cell anemia; son with adrenoleukodystrophy and son with concomitant diseases (cancer and kidney disease).

Results: The analysis diagram of each family demonstrated different ways of caring, explaining the relationship between the dimensions of care by men: social; affective/relational and physical/circulation, as well as the reverberations between these dimensions in the care. Read More

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December 2018

Detection molecular of Rangelia vitalii in dogs from Parana State, Southern Brazil.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Rangelia vitalii infects erythrocytes, leukocytes and endothelial cells of dogs. The present study aimed to report the molecular detection confirmed by sequencing of R. vitalii in the state of Paraná, as well as describe the clinical, hematological and biochemical alterations of the infected dogs. Read More

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December 2018

SOCIOECONOMIC AND NUTRITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH SICKLE CELL ANEMIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):491-499

Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objective: To describe the socioeconomic and nutritional characteristics of children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia.

Data Sources: The present study is a systematic literature review based on published scientific articles. The searches were carried out using the electronic database of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health- PubMed. Read More

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THE ONSET OF CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE PATIENTS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):290-295

Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Background: The diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease is often delayed because of the lack of an ability to recognize its major clinical manifestations.

Objective: Our study aimed to describe the onset of clinical manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study. Read More

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October 2017

IMPACT OF SMALL BOWEL CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY IN IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA: INFLUENCE OF PATIENT'SAGE ON DIAGNOSTIC YIELD.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):242-246

Hospital Senhora da Oliveira, Departamento de Gastroenterologia, Guimarães, Portugal.

Background: Iron deficiency anemia remains one of the main indications to perform small bowel capsule endoscopy. Literature suggests that diagnostic yield is influenced by patient's age but with conflicting results regarding age cutoff.

Objective: We aimed to clarify the differences in diagnostic yield and incidence of specific findings according to age. Read More

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February 2018

Anemia at the time of delivery and its association with pregnancy outcomes: A study from a secondary care hospital in Haryana, India.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):315-318

Assistant Professor, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Maternal anemia has been reportedly associated with increased risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth have been reported to be associated with anemia. However, different studies have shown inconsistent results. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of directly observed oral iron supplementation during pregnancy on iron status in a rural population in Haryana: A randomized controlled trial.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):287-293

Professor and Former Head, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: In India, more than half of the pregnant women suffer from anemia. Low compliance to iron supplementation is one of the important reasons.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the reduction in the prevalence of anemia, improvement in iron status, and to compare the compliance to oral iron supplementation during pregnancy between directly observed iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation group and control group. Read More

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December 2018

Irinotecan plus cisplatin compared with etoposide plus cisplatin in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer: A meta-analysis.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1076-S1083

Department of Respiratory Diseases, Huaibei Miners General Hospital, Huaibei, Anhui, China.

Objective: To systematically review the effect and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) compared with etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (E-SCLC).

Materials And Methods: Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and WanFang Data were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about IP compared with EP in patients with previously untreated E-SCLC from the establishment to June 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of included studies. Read More

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December 2018

Measurement of Autoantibodies to Gastric H+,K+-ATPase (ATP4A/B) Using a Luciferase Immunoprecipitation System (LIPS).

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:113-131

Division of Genetics and Cell Biology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

The Luciferase Immuno Precipitation System (LIPS) enables the detection of specific serum antibodies by immunoprecipitation of recombinant antigens tagged with a luciferase reporter. Here we describe LIPS assays for the quantification of autoantibodies to the H+, K+-ATPase A (ATP4A) and B (ATP4B) subunits, two serological markers of autoimmune atrophic gastritis and pernicious anemia. In particular, we will describe the expression of luciferase-tagged recombinant ATP4A and ATP4B, their immunoprecipitation with test sera, the recovery and washing of immune-complexes with a protein-A coated resin, and the quantification of autoantibodies by addition of a luciferase substrate and the measurement of the light output from captured luciferase-tagged antigens. Read More

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January 2019

Relationship of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width with Cancer Mortality in Hospital.

Biomed Res Int 2018 14;2018:8914617. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

College of Life and Environmental Science, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325000, China.

Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a clinical index used to make early diagnosis and to monitor treatment effects in iron deficiency anemia. Recently, several studies have suggested that RDW was associated with mortality from various cancers; however, there has been little evidence regarding RDW and cancer as a whole. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to investigate the relationship of RDW and overall cancer mortality in hospital. Read More

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November 2018

Burden of Infections and Associated Risk Factors among Women of Child Bearing Age in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Int J Chronic Dis 2018 12;2018:5183713. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Early detection and treatment of ( infection in women of child bearing ages may reduce the risk of maternal health disorder. This study was conducted to determine the burden of infections and associated risk factors among women of child bearing ages in Kolfe Keranio Subcity Woreda 9 Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Methods: Facility based cross sectional study design was conducted from April to October 2015. Read More

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November 2018

Zinc toxicosis in a dog secondary to prolonged zinc oxide ingestion.

Authors:
Jia Wen Siow

Open Vet J 2018 25;8(4):458-462. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

AEC Adelaide, 102 Magill Road, Norwood South Australia 5067, Australia.

Zinc toxicosis is commonly associated with ingestion of metallic zinc objects. This report documents an uncommon presentation of zinc toxicosis, secondary to prolonged ingestion of a zinc oxide cream. A 5. Read More

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November 2018

Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria in an Adult with Respiratory Syncytial Virus.

Case Rep Hematol 2018 13;2018:7586719. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is a rare form of cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia first discovered in the early 20th century in adults with tertiary syphilis. Today, it is more commonly seen in children as a life-threatening anemia during a viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI). Although respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has previously been reported to cause PCH in a child, herein we present the first documented case in an adult. Read More

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November 2018

Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Public Hospitals of Ilu Abba Bora Zone, South West Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Anemia 2018 12;2018:9201383. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia is a global public health problem affecting all population particularly pregnant women. Hence, this study assessed the magnitude of anemia and associated factors among pregnant.

Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in three public hospitals of Ilu Aba Bora zone. Read More

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November 2018

Dental Care for Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and Undergoing Hemodialysis.

Int J Dent 2018 13;2018:9610892. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Unit of Periodontology and Dental Hygiene, School of Dental Sciences, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Italy.

Chronic renal failure is a progressive disease characterized by a gradual destruction of nephrons and a consequent reduction of kidney function. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) necessitates renal replacement therapy as peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or transplantation. Patients affected by ESRD or in hemodialysis are at risk for developing a number of comorbidities including hypertension, anemia, risk of bleeding, susceptibility to infection, medication side effects, and oral manifestations associated with the disease itself and with hemodialysis treatment. Read More

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November 2018

Clinico-haematological alterations and therapeutic management of tick borne fever in cross bred cow.

J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 15;42(4):643-645. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

2Veterinary Clinical Complex, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (LUVAS), Hisar, Haryana India.

A 5 years old crossbred cow was brought to the Veterinary Clinical Complex of Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Hisar with history of progressive weakness, pale mucous membrane, anorexia, high fever (105 °F), tachycardia, laboured breathing and coffee coloured urine. Analysis of haematological parameters revealed severe anaemia, leucocytopenia, marked poikilocytosis of erythrocytes. Blood smear examination showed presence of signet ring shaped organisms, piroplasms and condensed dot forms of in the stained erythrocytes. Read More

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December 2018

Transferrin receptor 1 controls systemic iron homeostasis by fine-tuning hepcidin expression to hepatocellular iron load.

Blood 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital and Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada;

Transferrin receptor 1 (Tfr1) mediates uptake of circulating transferrin-bound iron to developing erythroid cells and other cell types. Its critical physiological function is highlighted by the embryonic lethal phenotype of Tfr1 knockout (Tfrc-/-) mice and the pathologies of several tissue-specific knockouts. We generated Tfrc mice bearing hepatocyte-specific ablation of Tfr1 to explore implications in hepatocellular and systemic iron homeostasis. Read More

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December 2018

Soluble transferrin receptor and soluble transferrin receptor/log ferritin index in diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease.

Dig Liver Dis 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Pediatrics and Gastroenterology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Background: There is no single reliable marker of iron homeostasis in inflammatory bowel disease.

Aims: To determine diagnostic usefulness of soluble transferrin receptor and soluble transferrin receptor/log ferritin index in iron deficiency anemia in children with inflammatory bowel disease.

Methods: We assessed soluble transferrin receptor in serum and calculated soluble transferrin receptor/log ferritin index in 75 children with inflammatory bowel disease. Read More

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November 2018

Anaemia requiring red blood cell transfusion is associated with unfavourable 90-day survival in surgical patients with sepsis.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 11;11(1):879. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, Goettingen, Germany.

Objective: The mortality associated with sepsis remains unacceptably high, despite modern high-quality intensive care. Based on the results from previous studies, anaemia and its management in patients with sepsis appear to impact outcomes; however, the transfusion policy is still being debated, and the ideal approach may be extremely specific to the individual. This study aimed to investigate the long-term impact of anaemia requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on mortality and disease severity in patients with sepsis. Read More

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December 2018

An overview of co-morbidities and the development of pressure ulcers among older adults.

BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 11;18(1):305. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Chairman of Geriatric Division Herzog Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: The prevalence of pressure ulcers particularly in the frail older adult population continues to be high and very costly especially in those suffering from chronic diseases and has brought a higher awareness to comprehensive, preventive and therapeutic measures for treatment of pressure ulcers. Internal risk factors highlighted by comorbidities play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of pressure ulcers.

Main Body: Focusing on the impact of common chronic diseases (comorbidities) in aging on pressure ulcers (e. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence and attributes of chemotherapy induced myelotoxicity, anemia and neutropenia in adults with cancer in Nepal: A cross-sectional observational study.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2018 Dec 11:1078155218817815. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

2 Department of Clinical Oncology, National Academy of Medical Science, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Myelosuppression remains a major toxicity in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, and is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality and cost.

Objective: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence and incidence of myelotoxicity, anemia and neutropenia in the adult cancer population, and further to determine the factors influencing them.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu. Read More

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December 2018

Reversal of angiodysplasia-derived anemia after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Apr 16;5(2):e128-e131. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

Cardiovascular Department, University Hospital of Trieste, Via Valdoni 7, 34149 Trieste, Italy.

Aortic valve stenosis associated with angiodysplasia (Heyde's syndrome) and consequent anemia had previously been reported to benefit from surgical aortic valve replacement. In this clinical case an 89-year-old patient with chronic angiodysplasia-derived anemia, characterized by acute phases of active gastrointestinal bleeding experienced a normalization of hemoglobin values after a trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) of a self-expandable aortic valve prosthesis (CoreValve, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA). Read More

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April 2012
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Renal Functions and Prognosis Stratification in Chronic Heart Failure Patients and the Importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 Dec 7;43(6):1865-1877. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Internal Cardiology Medicine, Faculty Hospital Brno, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background/aims: The rate of incidence and prevalence of acute kidney injury is increasing due to an increased number of patients with heart failure. Therefore it is very pertinent to early detect the level of renal injuries and to make necessary heart failure predictions. Thus the aim of this study is to determine renal functions and prognosis stratification in chronic heart failure patients and importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), an early diagnostic marker of acute kidney injury, as well as stratification of cardiovascular risk in heart failure patients. Read More

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December 2018
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Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome: A Possible Cause for Growth Retardation and Pubertal Delay.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Objective: To describe a rare case of Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus (BRBNS) with growth retardation and pubertal delay.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 16-year-old boy with severe iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed with BRBNS, showing growth retardation and pubertal delay simultaneously. The patient was treated conservatively with intravenous iron therapy and his puberty advanced gradually. Read More

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December 2018

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia following hematopoietic stem cell transplant: A critical review of the literature.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Dec 10:e27569. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Hematology/Oncology Section, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Autoimmune cytopenias (AIC) post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are rare but exceptionally challenging complication. We conducted a comprehensive literature review and identified a pooled incidence of post-HSCT autoimmune hemolytic anemia and/or immune thrombocytopenia of 2.66% (SE = 0. Read More

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December 2018

New cell lines for efficient propagation of koi herpesvirus and infectious salmon anaemia virus.

J Fish Dis 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Institute of Infectology, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

The production of piscine viruses, in particular of koi herpesvirus (KHV, CyHV-3) and infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), is still challenging due to the limited susceptibility of available cell lines to these viruses. A number of cell lines from different fish species were compared to standard diagnostic cell lines for KHV and ISAV regarding their capability to exhibit a cytopathic effect (CPE) and to accumulate virus. Two cell lines, so far undescribed, appeared to be useful for diagnostic purposes. Read More

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December 2018

Anaemia in pregnancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women of Far North Queensland: A retrospective cohort study.

Nutr Diet 2018 Nov;75(5):457-467

Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Anaemia during pregnancy is common worldwide. In Australia between 7.1% and 11% of mothers have been reported to have anaemia in pregnancy. Read More

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November 2018
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Lung function impairment in pediatric patients with sickle cell anemia from Nigeria is associated with low steady state hemoglobin.

Am J Hematol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Pediatric Haematology, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St. Thomas NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.

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December 2018

Autologous cord blood transplantation in children with acquired severe aplastic anemia.

Pediatr Transplant 2018 Dec 9:e13325. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

BeiJing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of ACBT for acquired SAA in children.

Methods: Four patients including three girls and one boy were diagnosed with acquired SAA. Their ages were 5, 3, 1, and 3 years, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Management of iron-deficiency anaemia in pregnancy: a tale of surrogates and supposition.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):E32-E33

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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December 2018

Prognosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia in critically ill patients.

Ann Hematol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Medical Intensive Care Unit, Saint-Louis Teaching Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France.

Patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. In order to describe the characteristics of AIHA patients in ICU and identify prognosis factors, clinical and biological data from 44 patients admitted in one ICU between 2002 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The main reasons for ICU admission were profound anemia without any organ failure in 19 patients (either for safer transfusion or continuous monitoring only). Read More

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December 2018

[Pathogenesis of multiple myeloma].

Authors:
L Rasche N Weinhold

Internist (Berl) 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Myeloma Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by monoclonal plasma cells infiltrating the bone marrow thereby causing anemia and lytic bone lesions. Despite significant improvement in overall survival, most MM patients inevitably, yet unpredictably, develop refractory disease and MM remains largely incurable.

Objective: This article describes the stages of progression and presents current insights into the pathogenesis of MM. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Antibiotic Treatment on the Duration of Hospitalization of Patients with Erysipelas and Bacterial Cellulitis.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Dermatology, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland.

Introduction: Erysipelas and bacterial cellulitis are two of the most common infectious skin diseases. They are usually caused by the β-hemolytic group of Streptococcus, and less frequently by other bacteria. The objective of the study was to assess the factors affecting the length of stay of patients admitted to hospital with erysipelas or bacterial cellulitis. Read More

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December 2018
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[Necrotizing esophagitis by stress-cardiomyopathy with right ventricular insufficiency].

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Allgemeine Innere Medizin, Klinikum Kassel, Kassel, Deutschland.

Acute necrotizing esophagitis ("black esophagus") is defined as complete necrosis of the esophageal mucosa, which typically affects the entire circumference. We report a case of a healthy 62-year-old woman, who became hemodynamically unstable due to stress cardiomyopathy with acute right heart failure. Transfusion-dependent anemia occurred 24 h later and an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a black discoloured mucosa of the distal esophagus. Read More

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December 2018
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The world's first clinical trial for an aplastic anemia patient with thrombocytopenia administering platelets generated from autologous iPS cells.

Int J Hematol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Bioethics and Humanities, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, 98195-7120, USA.

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December 2018

Association Among Sources Exposure of Cadmium in the Adult Non-smoking General Population of Tehran.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Center for research on occupational disease, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Acute and chronic exposure to cadmium can cause numerous health effects including poisoning, as well as, bone, liver, and kidney diseases. Cadmium competes with iron absorption in blood and can induce anemia. Cadmium body burden can be measured through urine and blood samples. Read More

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December 2018
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[Clinical and microbiological aspects of peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis in adult patients with chronic renal failure in the Emergency Department].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(3):225-232

Escuela Superior de Medicina, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, México, D.F, México.

Background: Peritonitis is the most important and frequent complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Bacterial infections are responsible in most cases, with characteristic symptoms.

Aim: To determine the most frequent pathogens in peritonitis associated with PD in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Read More

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January 2018

Iron in the Tumor Microenvironment-Connecting the Dots.

Front Oncol 2018 26;8:549. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Internal Medicine II, Infectious Diseases, Immunology, Rheumatology, Pneumology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Iron metabolism and tumor biology are intimately linked. Iron facilitates the production of oxygen radicals, which may either result in iron-induced cell death, ferroptosis, or contribute to mutagenicity and malignant transformation. Once transformed, malignant cells require high amounts of iron for proliferation. Read More

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November 2018
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Infections in patients with aplastic Anemia in Chiang Mai University.

BMC Hematol 2018 4;18:35. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200 Thailand.

Background: Infection is a major complication in aplastic anemia (AA) patients. Primary objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of infections and to determine types of pathogens associated with infections in patients with AA. Secondary objectives were to evaluate overall survival after infections as well as risk factors of infections in patients with AA. Read More

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December 2018

Pre-clinical Development of a Lentiviral Vector Expressing the Anti-sickling βAS3 Globin for Gene Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease.

Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev 2018 Dec 1;11:167-179. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a mutation (E6V) in the hemoglobin (Hb) β-chain that induces polymerization of Hb tetramers, red blood cell deformation, ischemia, anemia, and multiple organ damage. Gene therapy is a potential alternative to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, available to a minority of patients. We developed a lentiviral vector expressing a β-globin carrying three anti-sickling mutations (T87Q, G16D, and E22A) inhibiting axial and lateral contacts in the HbS polymer, under the control of the β-globin promoter and a reduced version of the β-globin locus-control region. Read More

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December 2018

Perfluoroalkyl substances and kidney function in chronic kidney disease, anemia, and diabetes.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 15;11:707-716. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA,

Background: Anemia often complicates chronic kidney disease (CKD), leading to insufficient tissue oxygenation and hypoxic injury, the factor thought to underlie progression from CKD to renal failure. Perfluorocarbons are potent oxygen transporters used in organ preservation and synthetic blood development. Data are scarce on their relationship with kidney function, especially in diabetes where anemia and hypoxia are more prevalent. Read More

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November 2018

A phase 2 randomised study of veliparib plus FOLFIRI±bevacizumab versus placebo plus FOLFIRI±bevacizumab in metastatic colorectal cancer.

Br J Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has low survival rates. We assessed if addition of veliparib, concurrent to FOLFIRI, improves survival in patients with previously untreated mCRC.

Methods: This study compared veliparib (200 mg BID for 7 days of each 14-day cycle) to placebo, each with FOLFIRI. Read More

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December 2018
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Association between genotype and disease complications in Egyptian patients with beta thalassemia: A Cross-sectional study.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 7;8(1):17730. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Radiodiagnosis departments, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

In beta thalassemia, the degree of globin chain imbalance is determined by the nature of the mutation of the β-gene. β° refers to the complete absence of production of β-globin on the affected allele. β refers to alleles with some residual production of β-globin. Read More

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December 2018

Role of anesthesiologists in managing perioperative anemia.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University Hospital Muenster, University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Anemia can contribute negatively to a patient's morbidity and mortality. Which treatment options do exist and what role do anesthesiologists play in management of perioperative anemia treatment? This review gives an overview about recent findings.

Recent Findings: Patient Blood Management and standards for the management and treatment of anemia have been established worldwide. Read More

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December 2018

Preoperative rehabilitation for thoracic surgery.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester Foundation Trust, Southmoor Road, Manchester, UK.

Purpose Of Review: Lung resection provides the best outcome for patients with early stage lung cancer. However, lung cancer surgery carries a significant risk of perioperative complications. Patient risk may be reduced by addressing modifiable risk factors in the preoperative period. Read More

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December 2018

Acquired autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Authors:
Vincent M Vacca

Nursing 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Vincent M. Vacca, Jr., is an adjunct faculty member at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences in Boston, Mass.

Acquired autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)-the most common form of TTP-is a life-threatening hematologic disease characterized by hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Acquired autoimmune TTP can cause signs and symptoms of neurologic and other organ involvement, with mortality approaching 90% if the disease is not promptly recognized and treated. Since the introduction of plasma exchange in 1991, the acquired autoimmune TTP survival rate has increased to 78%. Read More

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December 2018

[Regulation of hematopoietic stem cell homeostasis by Spred1].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2018 ;59(11):2441-2448

Division of Molecular Genetics, Cancer and Stem Cell Research Program, Cancer Research Institute, Kanazawa University.

Various types of stresses account for the dysregulation of the self-renewal activity of stem cells, resulting in the functional failure of tissues or tumorigenesis promotion. Although diets also affect our health, the effect of harmful dietary stresses on the tissue or stem cell homeostasis remains unclear. Recent research has revealed that Spred1, which negatively regulates RAS-MAPK signaling, protects hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) homeostasis against high-fat diet (HFD) -induced systemic stress. Read More

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January 2018

[Successful long-term management of ovarian bleeding and menorrhagia with prothrombin complex concentrate in a patient with congenital factor X deficiency].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2018 ;59(11):2428-2431

Department of Blood Coagulation, Ogikubo Hospital.

A female patient in her forties exhibited no evidence of abnormal bleeding at birth. At the age of 6 years, she experienced pain in bilateral thighs and knee joints without any occasion. Accordingly, the bleeding tendency was suspected, and the coagulation profile assessment revealed prolongation of the APTT (122 s). Read More

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January 2018