213,047 results match your criteria Anemia Myelophthisic
Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Cobalamin is a member of the B-group of vitamins and a cofactor for metabolic processes like nucleic acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and the citric acid cycle. Mammals are unable to synthesize cobalamin and therefore rely on adequate food intake. Cobalamin absorption is a complex process in the stomach, duodenum, and ileum, requiring a functional exocrine pancreas. Read More
PLoS Genet 2018 Dec 12;14(12):e1007821. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Cancer Genomics Unit, Cancer Genetics and Comparative Genomics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.
Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a genomic instability syndrome resulting in aplastic anemia, developmental abnormalities, and predisposition to hematological and other solid organ malignancies. Mutations in genes that encode proteins of the FA pathway fail to orchestrate the repair of DNA damage caused by DNA interstrand crosslinks. Zebrafish harbor homologs for nearly all known FA genes. Read More
Rev Esc Enferm USP 2018 Dec 10;52:e03398. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.
Objective: To understand the care by men in situations of chronic illness of one or more of his children, based on the dimensions of care.
Method: It was based on a comprehensive approach and on the (re)view of the database of the matrix research to which the study is linked, with emphasis on three experiences of illness, in which the men effectively participated in the family care: two children with sickle cell anemia; son with adrenoleukodystrophy and son with concomitant diseases (cancer and kidney disease).
Results: The analysis diagram of each family demonstrated different ways of caring, explaining the relationship between the dimensions of care by men: social; affective/relational and physical/circulation, as well as the reverberations between these dimensions in the care. Read More
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
Rangelia vitalii infects erythrocytes, leukocytes and endothelial cells of dogs. The present study aimed to report the molecular detection confirmed by sequencing of R. vitalii in the state of Paraná, as well as describe the clinical, hematological and biochemical alterations of the infected dogs. Read More
Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):491-499
Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Objective: To describe the socioeconomic and nutritional characteristics of children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia.
Data Sources: The present study is a systematic literature review based on published scientific articles. The searches were carried out using the electronic database of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health- PubMed. Read More
Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):290-295
Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Background: The diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease is often delayed because of the lack of an ability to recognize its major clinical manifestations.
Objective: Our study aimed to describe the onset of clinical manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
Methods: A cross-sectional study. Read More
Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):242-246
Hospital Senhora da Oliveira, Departamento de Gastroenterologia, Guimarães, Portugal.
Background: Iron deficiency anemia remains one of the main indications to perform small bowel capsule endoscopy. Literature suggests that diagnostic yield is influenced by patient's age but with conflicting results regarding age cutoff.
Objective: We aimed to clarify the differences in diagnostic yield and incidence of specific findings according to age. Read More
Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):315-318
Assistant Professor, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Maternal anemia has been reportedly associated with increased risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth have been reported to be associated with anemia. However, different studies have shown inconsistent results. Read More
Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):287-293
Professor and Former Head, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Background: In India, more than half of the pregnant women suffer from anemia. Low compliance to iron supplementation is one of the important reasons.
Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the reduction in the prevalence of anemia, improvement in iron status, and to compare the compliance to oral iron supplementation during pregnancy between directly observed iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation group and control group. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1076-S1083
Department of Respiratory Diseases, Huaibei Miners General Hospital, Huaibei, Anhui, China.
Objective: To systematically review the effect and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) compared with etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (E-SCLC).
Materials And Methods: Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and WanFang Data were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about IP compared with EP in patients with previously untreated E-SCLC from the establishment to June 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of included studies. Read More
Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:113-131
Division of Genetics and Cell Biology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
The Luciferase Immuno Precipitation System (LIPS) enables the detection of specific serum antibodies by immunoprecipitation of recombinant antigens tagged with a luciferase reporter. Here we describe LIPS assays for the quantification of autoantibodies to the H+, K+-ATPase A (ATP4A) and B (ATP4B) subunits, two serological markers of autoimmune atrophic gastritis and pernicious anemia. In particular, we will describe the expression of luciferase-tagged recombinant ATP4A and ATP4B, their immunoprecipitation with test sera, the recovery and washing of immune-complexes with a protein-A coated resin, and the quantification of autoantibodies by addition of a luciferase substrate and the measurement of the light output from captured luciferase-tagged antigens. Read More
Biomed Res Int 2018 14;2018:8914617. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
College of Life and Environmental Science, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325000, China.
Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a clinical index used to make early diagnosis and to monitor treatment effects in iron deficiency anemia. Recently, several studies have suggested that RDW was associated with mortality from various cancers; however, there has been little evidence regarding RDW and cancer as a whole. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to investigate the relationship of RDW and overall cancer mortality in hospital. Read More
Int J Chronic Dis 2018 12;2018:5183713. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Background: Early detection and treatment of ( infection in women of child bearing ages may reduce the risk of maternal health disorder. This study was conducted to determine the burden of infections and associated risk factors among women of child bearing ages in Kolfe Keranio Subcity Woreda 9 Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Methods: Facility based cross sectional study design was conducted from April to October 2015. Read More
Open Vet J 2018 25;8(4):458-462. Epub 2018 Nov 25.
AEC Adelaide, 102 Magill Road, Norwood South Australia 5067, Australia.
Zinc toxicosis is commonly associated with ingestion of metallic zinc objects. This report documents an uncommon presentation of zinc toxicosis, secondary to prolonged ingestion of a zinc oxide cream. A 5. Read More
Case Rep Hematol 2018 13;2018:7586719. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, USA.
Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is a rare form of cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia first discovered in the early 20th century in adults with tertiary syphilis. Today, it is more commonly seen in children as a life-threatening anemia during a viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI). Although respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has previously been reported to cause PCH in a child, herein we present the first documented case in an adult. Read More
Anemia 2018 12;2018:9201383. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
Background: Anemia is a global public health problem affecting all population particularly pregnant women. Hence, this study assessed the magnitude of anemia and associated factors among pregnant.
Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in three public hospitals of Ilu Aba Bora zone. Read More
Int J Dent 2018 13;2018:9610892. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Unit of Periodontology and Dental Hygiene, School of Dental Sciences, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Italy.
Chronic renal failure is a progressive disease characterized by a gradual destruction of nephrons and a consequent reduction of kidney function. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) necessitates renal replacement therapy as peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or transplantation. Patients affected by ESRD or in hemodialysis are at risk for developing a number of comorbidities including hypertension, anemia, risk of bleeding, susceptibility to infection, medication side effects, and oral manifestations associated with the disease itself and with hemodialysis treatment. Read More
J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 15;42(4):643-645. Epub 2018 Oct 15.
2Veterinary Clinical Complex, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (LUVAS), Hisar, Haryana India.
A 5 years old crossbred cow was brought to the Veterinary Clinical Complex of Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Hisar with history of progressive weakness, pale mucous membrane, anorexia, high fever (105 °F), tachycardia, laboured breathing and coffee coloured urine. Analysis of haematological parameters revealed severe anaemia, leucocytopenia, marked poikilocytosis of erythrocytes. Blood smear examination showed presence of signet ring shaped organisms, piroplasms and condensed dot forms of in the stained erythrocytes. Read More
Blood 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital and Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada;
Transferrin receptor 1 (Tfr1) mediates uptake of circulating transferrin-bound iron to developing erythroid cells and other cell types. Its critical physiological function is highlighted by the embryonic lethal phenotype of Tfr1 knockout (Tfrc-/-) mice and the pathologies of several tissue-specific knockouts. We generated Tfrc mice bearing hepatocyte-specific ablation of Tfr1 to explore implications in hepatocellular and systemic iron homeostasis. Read More
Dig Liver Dis 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Pediatrics and Gastroenterology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
Background: There is no single reliable marker of iron homeostasis in inflammatory bowel disease.
Aims: To determine diagnostic usefulness of soluble transferrin receptor and soluble transferrin receptor/log ferritin index in iron deficiency anemia in children with inflammatory bowel disease.
Methods: We assessed soluble transferrin receptor in serum and calculated soluble transferrin receptor/log ferritin index in 75 children with inflammatory bowel disease. Read More
BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 11;11(1):879. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, Goettingen, Germany.
Objective: The mortality associated with sepsis remains unacceptably high, despite modern high-quality intensive care. Based on the results from previous studies, anaemia and its management in patients with sepsis appear to impact outcomes; however, the transfusion policy is still being debated, and the ideal approach may be extremely specific to the individual. This study aimed to investigate the long-term impact of anaemia requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on mortality and disease severity in patients with sepsis. Read More
BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 11;18(1):305. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Chairman of Geriatric Division Herzog Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.
Background: The prevalence of pressure ulcers particularly in the frail older adult population continues to be high and very costly especially in those suffering from chronic diseases and has brought a higher awareness to comprehensive, preventive and therapeutic measures for treatment of pressure ulcers. Internal risk factors highlighted by comorbidities play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of pressure ulcers.
Main Body: Focusing on the impact of common chronic diseases (comorbidities) in aging on pressure ulcers (e. Read More
J Oncol Pharm Pract 2018 Dec 11:1078155218817815. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
2 Department of Clinical Oncology, National Academy of Medical Science, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Background: Myelosuppression remains a major toxicity in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, and is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality and cost.
Objective: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence and incidence of myelotoxicity, anemia and neutropenia in the adult cancer population, and further to determine the factors influencing them.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2012 Apr 16;5(2):e128-e131. Epub 2012 Mar 16.
Cardiovascular Department, University Hospital of Trieste, Via Valdoni 7, 34149 Trieste, Italy.
Aortic valve stenosis associated with angiodysplasia (Heyde's syndrome) and consequent anemia had previously been reported to benefit from surgical aortic valve replacement. In this clinical case an 89-year-old patient with chronic angiodysplasia-derived anemia, characterized by acute phases of active gastrointestinal bleeding experienced a normalization of hemoglobin values after a trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) of a self-expandable aortic valve prosthesis (CoreValve, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA). Read More
Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 Dec 7;43(6):1865-1877. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Internal Cardiology Medicine, Faculty Hospital Brno, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
Background/aims: The rate of incidence and prevalence of acute kidney injury is increasing due to an increased number of patients with heart failure. Therefore it is very pertinent to early detect the level of renal injuries and to make necessary heart failure predictions. Thus the aim of this study is to determine renal functions and prognosis stratification in chronic heart failure patients and importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), an early diagnostic marker of acute kidney injury, as well as stratification of cardiovascular risk in heart failure patients. Read More
Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Objective: To describe a rare case of Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus (BRBNS) with growth retardation and pubertal delay.
Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 16-year-old boy with severe iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed with BRBNS, showing growth retardation and pubertal delay simultaneously. The patient was treated conservatively with intravenous iron therapy and his puberty advanced gradually. Read More
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Dec 10:e27569. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Pediatrics, Hematology/Oncology Section, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Autoimmune cytopenias (AIC) post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are rare but exceptionally challenging complication. We conducted a comprehensive literature review and identified a pooled incidence of post-HSCT autoimmune hemolytic anemia and/or immune thrombocytopenia of 2.66% (SE = 0. Read More
J Fish Dis 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Institute of Infectology, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.
The production of piscine viruses, in particular of koi herpesvirus (KHV, CyHV-3) and infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), is still challenging due to the limited susceptibility of available cell lines to these viruses. A number of cell lines from different fish species were compared to standard diagnostic cell lines for KHV and ISAV regarding their capability to exhibit a cytopathic effect (CPE) and to accumulate virus. Two cell lines, so far undescribed, appeared to be useful for diagnostic purposes. Read More
Nutr Diet 2018 Nov;75(5):457-467
Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.
Aim: Anaemia during pregnancy is common worldwide. In Australia between 7.1% and 11% of mothers have been reported to have anaemia in pregnancy. Read More
Am J Hematol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Pediatric Haematology, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St. Thomas NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.
Pediatr Transplant 2018 Dec 9:e13325. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
BeiJing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of ACBT for acquired SAA in children.
Methods: Four patients including three girls and one boy were diagnosed with acquired SAA. Their ages were 5, 3, 1, and 3 years, respectively. Read More
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):E32-E33
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
Ann Hematol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Medical Intensive Care Unit, Saint-Louis Teaching Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France.
Patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. In order to describe the characteristics of AIHA patients in ICU and identify prognosis factors, clinical and biological data from 44 patients admitted in one ICU between 2002 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The main reasons for ICU admission were profound anemia without any organ failure in 19 patients (either for safer transfusion or continuous monitoring only). Read More
Internist (Berl) 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Myeloma Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.
Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by monoclonal plasma cells infiltrating the bone marrow thereby causing anemia and lytic bone lesions. Despite significant improvement in overall survival, most MM patients inevitably, yet unpredictably, develop refractory disease and MM remains largely incurable.
Objective: This article describes the stages of progression and presents current insights into the pathogenesis of MM. Read More
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Dermatology, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland.
Introduction: Erysipelas and bacterial cellulitis are two of the most common infectious skin diseases. They are usually caused by the β-hemolytic group of Streptococcus, and less frequently by other bacteria. The objective of the study was to assess the factors affecting the length of stay of patients admitted to hospital with erysipelas or bacterial cellulitis. Read More
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Allgemeine Innere Medizin, Klinikum Kassel, Kassel, Deutschland.
Acute necrotizing esophagitis ("black esophagus") is defined as complete necrosis of the esophageal mucosa, which typically affects the entire circumference. We report a case of a healthy 62-year-old woman, who became hemodynamically unstable due to stress cardiomyopathy with acute right heart failure. Transfusion-dependent anemia occurred 24 h later and an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a black discoloured mucosa of the distal esophagus. Read More
Int J Hematol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Bioethics and Humanities, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, 98195-7120, USA.
Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Center for research on occupational disease, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Acute and chronic exposure to cadmium can cause numerous health effects including poisoning, as well as, bone, liver, and kidney diseases. Cadmium competes with iron absorption in blood and can induce anemia. Cadmium body burden can be measured through urine and blood samples. Read More
Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(3):225-232
Escuela Superior de Medicina, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, México, D.F, México.
Background: Peritonitis is the most important and frequent complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Bacterial infections are responsible in most cases, with characteristic symptoms.
Aim: To determine the most frequent pathogens in peritonitis associated with PD in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Read More
Front Oncol 2018 26;8:549. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Internal Medicine II, Infectious Diseases, Immunology, Rheumatology, Pneumology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
Iron metabolism and tumor biology are intimately linked. Iron facilitates the production of oxygen radicals, which may either result in iron-induced cell death, ferroptosis, or contribute to mutagenicity and malignant transformation. Once transformed, malignant cells require high amounts of iron for proliferation. Read More
BMC Hematol 2018 4;18:35. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200 Thailand.
Background: Infection is a major complication in aplastic anemia (AA) patients. Primary objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of infections and to determine types of pathogens associated with infections in patients with AA. Secondary objectives were to evaluate overall survival after infections as well as risk factors of infections in patients with AA. Read More
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev 2018 Dec 1;11:167-179. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a mutation (E6V) in the hemoglobin (Hb) β-chain that induces polymerization of Hb tetramers, red blood cell deformation, ischemia, anemia, and multiple organ damage. Gene therapy is a potential alternative to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, available to a minority of patients. We developed a lentiviral vector expressing a β-globin carrying three anti-sickling mutations (T87Q, G16D, and E22A) inhibiting axial and lateral contacts in the HbS polymer, under the control of the β-globin promoter and a reduced version of the β-globin locus-control region. Read More
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 15;11:707-716. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA,
Background: Anemia often complicates chronic kidney disease (CKD), leading to insufficient tissue oxygenation and hypoxic injury, the factor thought to underlie progression from CKD to renal failure. Perfluorocarbons are potent oxygen transporters used in organ preservation and synthetic blood development. Data are scarce on their relationship with kidney function, especially in diabetes where anemia and hypoxia are more prevalent. Read More
Br J Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, TN, USA.
Background: Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has low survival rates. We assessed if addition of veliparib, concurrent to FOLFIRI, improves survival in patients with previously untreated mCRC.
Methods: This study compared veliparib (200 mg BID for 7 days of each 14-day cycle) to placebo, each with FOLFIRI. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 7;8(1):17730. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Radiodiagnosis departments, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
In beta thalassemia, the degree of globin chain imbalance is determined by the nature of the mutation of the β-gene. β° refers to the complete absence of production of β-globin on the affected allele. β refers to alleles with some residual production of β-globin. Read More
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University Hospital Muenster, University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany.
Purpose Of Review: Anemia can contribute negatively to a patient's morbidity and mortality. Which treatment options do exist and what role do anesthesiologists play in management of perioperative anemia treatment? This review gives an overview about recent findings.
Recent Findings: Patient Blood Management and standards for the management and treatment of anemia have been established worldwide. Read More
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester Foundation Trust, Southmoor Road, Manchester, UK.
Purpose Of Review: Lung resection provides the best outcome for patients with early stage lung cancer. However, lung cancer surgery carries a significant risk of perioperative complications. Patient risk may be reduced by addressing modifiable risk factors in the preoperative period. Read More
Nursing 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Vincent M. Vacca, Jr., is an adjunct faculty member at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences in Boston, Mass.
Acquired autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)-the most common form of TTP-is a life-threatening hematologic disease characterized by hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Acquired autoimmune TTP can cause signs and symptoms of neurologic and other organ involvement, with mortality approaching 90% if the disease is not promptly recognized and treated. Since the introduction of plasma exchange in 1991, the acquired autoimmune TTP survival rate has increased to 78%. Read More
Rinsho Ketsueki 2018 ;59(11):2441-2448
Division of Molecular Genetics, Cancer and Stem Cell Research Program, Cancer Research Institute, Kanazawa University.
Various types of stresses account for the dysregulation of the self-renewal activity of stem cells, resulting in the functional failure of tissues or tumorigenesis promotion. Although diets also affect our health, the effect of harmful dietary stresses on the tissue or stem cell homeostasis remains unclear. Recent research has revealed that Spred1, which negatively regulates RAS-MAPK signaling, protects hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) homeostasis against high-fat diet (HFD) -induced systemic stress. Read More
Rinsho Ketsueki 2018 ;59(11):2428-2431
Department of Blood Coagulation, Ogikubo Hospital.
A female patient in her forties exhibited no evidence of abnormal bleeding at birth. At the age of 6 years, she experienced pain in bilateral thighs and knee joints without any occasion. Accordingly, the bleeding tendency was suspected, and the coagulation profile assessment revealed prolongation of the APTT (122 s). Read More