31,956 results match your criteria Anemia Chronic


Prevalence of celiac disease in children with type 1 diabetes: A review.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Apr 28;15(3):969-974. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Nursing Department, Nursing and Midwifery School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background And Aims: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease and a major health threat. Comorbidity of celiac disease and diabetes is associated with many complications in children, and if not diagnosed in time in diabetes children, caused complications, including gastrointestinal disorders, most importantly, growth disorders. Thus, this study aims to summarize the evidence about prevalence of celiac disease in children with type 1 diabetes through a systematic review approach. Read More

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SLN124, a GalNac-siRNA targeting transmembrane serine protease 6, in combination with deferiprone therapy reduces ineffective erythropoiesis and hepatic iron-overload in a mouse model of β-thalassaemia.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Centre for Cancer Research, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, VIC, Australia.

Beta-thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder characterised by ineffective erythropoiesis and anaemia. Consequently, hepcidin expression is reduced resulting in increased iron absorption and primary iron overload. Hepcidin is under the negative control of transmembrane serine protease 6 (TMPRSS6) via cleavage of haemojuvelin (HJV), a co-receptor for the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-mothers against decapentaplegic homologue (SMAD) signalling pathway. Read More

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Receptor-mediated mitophagy regulates EPO production and protects against renal anemia.

Elife 2021 May 4;10. Epub 2021 May 4.

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Erythropoietin (EPO) drives erythropoiesis and is secreted mainly by the kidney upon hypoxic or anemic stress. The paucity of EPO production in renal EPO-producing cells (REPs) causes renal anemia, one of the most common complications of chronic nephropathies. Although mitochondrial dysfunction is commonly observed in several renal and hematopoietic disorders, the mechanism by which mitochondrial quality control impacts renal anemia remains elusive. Read More

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Effects of molidustat, a hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, on sodium dynamics in hypertensive subtotally nephrectomized rats.

J Pharmacol Sci 2021 Jun 31;146(2):98-104. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pharmacology, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.

Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PHD) inhibitors were developed for treatment of renal anemia. Patients applicable for HIF-PHD inhibitor treatment experience complications such as chronic kidney disease, whereby water and electrolyte homeostasis is disrupted. The effects of hypoxia-inducible factor stabilization on salt accumulation in the setting of reduced renal function remain unclear. Read More

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Predictors and Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Systematic and Untargeted Analysis of More Than 120,000 Individuals and 1,300 Disease Traits.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Department of Public Health Solutions, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: To perform an untargeted data-driven analysis on the correlates and outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Design: FinnGen cohort study.

Setting: The authors collected information on up to 1,327 disease traits before and after CABG from nationwide healthcare registers. Read More

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Performance assessment of the metastatic spinal tumor frailty index using machine learning algorithms: limitations and future directions.

Neurosurg Focus 2021 May;50(5):E5

Departments of1Neurosurgery and.

Objective: Frailty is recognized as an important consideration in patients with cancer who are undergoing therapies, including spine surgery. The definition of frailty in the context of spinal metastases is unclear, and few have studied such markers and their association with postoperative outcomes and survival. Using national databases, the metastatic spinal tumor frailty index (MSTFI) was developed as a tool to predict outcomes in this specific patient population and has not been tested with external data. Read More

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Iron deficiency in heart failure.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Iron deficiency is a major heart failure co-morbidity present in about 50% of patients with stable heart failure irrespective of the left ventricular function. Along with compromise of daily activities, it also increases patient morbidity and mortality, which is independent of anaemia. Several trials have established parenteral iron supplementation as an important complimentary therapy to improve patient well-being and physical performance. Read More

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Platelet function and bleeding at different phases of childhood immune thrombocytopenia.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 30;11(1):9401. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

National Medical Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology Named After Dmitry Rogachev, Russian Ministry of Healthcare, 1 Samory Mashela Str, Moscow, Russia, 117997.

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is believed to be associated with platelet function defects. However, their mechanisms are poorly understood, in particular with regard to differences between ITP phases, patient age, and therapy. We investigated platelet function and bleeding in children with either persistent or chronic ITP, with or without romiplostim therapy. Read More

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Ventilatory defects and treatable traits in very elderly patients.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211013171

NOVA Medical School/Comprehensive Health Research Centre (CHRC), Lisbon, Portugal.

Though the approach used to classify chronic respiratory diseases is changing to a treatable-traits (TT) approach, data regarding very elderly patients is lacking. The objectives of this study were to assess TT frequency in very elderly patients and to study the link between extrapulmonary TT and ventilatory defects. Individuals (≥75 years) residing in elderly care centres answered a standardised questionnaire, underwent spirometry, atopy and fractional exhaled nitric oxide assessments and had their blood pressure and peripheral pulse oximetry measured. Read More

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Impacts of multi-morbidity, hemoglobin levels, and frailty on functional disability of older adult residents of long-term care facilities: A structural equation analysis.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nursing, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Aim: Previous studies have focused on the relationship between multi-morbidity, frailty, and anemia or functional disability alone rather than in combination. This study aimed to explore the impacts of multi-morbidity, hemoglobin levels, and frailty on functional disability simultaneously in older adult residents of long-term care facilities.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Read More

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Decision support system through automatic algorithms and electronic request in diagnosis of anaemia for primary care patients.

Biochem Med (Zagreb) 2021 Jun 15;31(2):020702. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Laboratory of Biochemistry, Valencia University Clinic Hospital, Valencia, Spain.

Introduction: An appropriate management of anaemia laboratory tests is crucial for a correct diagnosis and treatment. A non-sequential "shotgun" approach (where every anaemia related test is ordered) causes workload and cost increases and could be potentially harmful. We have implemented a Decision Support System through our laboratory information system (LIMS) based on reflexive algorithms and automatic generation of interpretative reports specifically in diagnosis of anaemia for primary care patients. Read More

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Frailty in Acute and Chronic Coronary Syndrome Patients Entering Cardiac Rehabilitation.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 15;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Translational Medical Sciences, "Federico II" University of Naples, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Worldwide population ageing is partly due to advanced standard of care, leading to increased incidence and prevalence of geriatric syndromes such as frailty and disability. Hence, the age at the onset of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) keeps growing as well. Moreover, ageing is a risk factor for both frailty and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Read More

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Impact of Subclinical Infection on Farmed Domestic Pigeons from Central Java (Yogyakarta), Indonesia, with Special Reference to Changes in the Hemogram.

Pathogens 2021 Apr 7;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Laboratory of Parasitology, Joint Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8511, Japan.

Pigeon haemoproteosis caused by (Apicomplexa: Haemosporida: Haemoproteidae) is globally prevalent in rock doves (), although little is known regarding this disease in pigeons and doves in Indonesia. Blood samples of 35 farmed domestic pigeons ( f. ) from four localities in Yogyakarta Special Region, Central Java, Indonesia, were collected from March to June, 2016, subjected to a hemogram, and analyzed for the presence of hemoprotozoan infections. Read More

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Daratumumab therapy for post-HSCT immune-mediated cytopenia: experiences from two pediatric cases and review of literature.

Mol Cell Pediatr 2021 Apr 29;8(1). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Medical Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Mathildenstr. 1, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Immune-mediated cytopenias (AIC) are challenging complications following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). While broad-acting immunosuppressive agents like corticosteroids are often standard of care, several novel therapies which target specific immunological pathways have recently been developed and provide hope for patients with steroid-refractory courses and may limit long-term toxicity. The successful off-label use of the plasma cell depleting anti-CD38 antibody daratumumab was published in several case reports, suggesting efficacy, i. Read More

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Therapy for Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease - New Interventions and New Questions.

Authors:
Adeera Levin

N Engl J Med 2021 04;384(17):1657-1658

From the Division of Nephrology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

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Safety and Efficacy of Vadadustat for Anemia in Patients Undergoing Dialysis.

N Engl J Med 2021 04;384(17):1601-1612

From the Department of Nephrology and Medical Intensive Care, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin (K.-U.E.); the Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis (R.A.); Gonzalez M.D. and Aswad M.D. Health Care Services, Miami (A. Aswad); Clinical Research Consultants, Kansas City, MO (A. Awad); U.S. Renal Care, Plano (G.A.B.), Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital, Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Dallas (P.A.M.), Renal Associates, Division of Nephrology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio (P.P.), and the Section of Nephrology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (W.C.W.) - all in Texas; Praxis Medical Research, and the Department of Medicine, Division of General Practice, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, São Paulo (M.R.B.); Akebia Therapeutics, Cambridge (Y.M.K.F., Z.K., B.J.M., W.L., D.L.V.), and the Division of Nephrology, Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston (M.J.S.) - both in Massachusetts; the Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Great Neck (S.F.), and the Division of Nephrology, New York Presbyterian, Queens (B.S.) - both in New York; Nephrology Associates, Augusta (H.H.), and Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta (J.T.) - both in Georgia; the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom (A.J.); the Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (M.J.K.); the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore (K.M.); Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA (E.F.L., G.M.C.); the Department of Medicine, Memorial University, St. John's, NL, Canada (P.S.P.); Statistics Collaborative, Washington, DC (K.A.W., J.W.); and the Department of Kidney Transplantation-Dialysis Department, Barlicki Memorial Teaching Hospital No. 1, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland (R.Z.).

Background: Vadadustat is an oral hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, a class of compounds that stimulate endogenous erythropoietin production.

Methods: We conducted two randomized, open-label, noninferiority phase 3 trials to evaluate the safety and efficacy of vadadustat, as compared with darbepoetin alfa, in patients with anemia and incident or prevalent dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (DD-CKD). The primary safety end point, assessed in a time-to-event analysis, was the first occurrence of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE, a composite of death from any cause, a nonfatal myocardial infarction, or a nonfatal stroke), pooled across the trials (noninferiority margin, 1. Read More

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Vadadustat in Patients with Anemia and Non-Dialysis-Dependent CKD.

N Engl J Med 2021 04;384(17):1589-1600

From Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA (G.M.C., E.F.L.); Renal Associates, San Antonio (P.E.P.), U.S. Renal Care, Plano (G.A.B.), Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital, Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Dallas (P.A.M.), and the Section of Nephrology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (W.C.W.) - all in Texas; Akebia Therapeutics, Cambridge (Y.M.K.F., S.B., Z.K., W.L., B.J.M., A.S., D.L.V.), and the Division of Nephrology, Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston (M.J.S.) - both in Massachusetts; the Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis (R.A.); Excellentis Clinical Trial Consultants, George, South Africa (S.A.); Bihor County Hospital Oradea, Oradea, Romania (G.B.); Qway Research, Hialeah, FL (F.P.C.); the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom (A.G.J.); the Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (M.J.K.); Firma Clinical Research, Hunt Valley (T.L.), and the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore (K.M.) - both in Maryland; the Department of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada (P.S.P.); the Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of North Carolina Kidney Center, Chapel Hill, and the W.G. (Bill) Hefner Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salisbury - both in North Carolina (P.R.-C.); the Division of Nephrology, New York-Presbyterian Queens, Flushing (B.S.); Firma Clinical Research, Chicago (C.T.); Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta (J.T.); Statistics Collaborative, Washington, DC (K.A.W., J.W.); and the Department of Nephrology and Medical Intensive Care, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin (K.-U.E.).

Background: Vadadustat is an oral hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, a class of drugs that stabilize HIF and stimulate erythropoietin and red-cell production.

Methods: In two phase 3, randomized, open-label, active-controlled, noninferiority trials, we compared vadadustat with the erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) darbepoetin alfa in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) not previously treated with an ESA who had a hemoglobin concentration of less than 10 g per deciliter and in patients with ESA-treated NDD-CKD and a hemoglobin concentration of 8 to 11 g per deciliter (in the United States) or 9 to 12 g per deciliter (in other countries). The primary safety end point, assessed in a time-to-event analysis, was the first major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE; a composite of death from any cause, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke), pooled across the two trials. Read More

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Estimation of risk for major bleeding in native kidney biopsies in patients with multiple risk factors.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Renal Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Academia Level 3, 20 College Road, Singapore, 169856, Singapore.

Background And Aims: Individuals undergoing kidney biopsy are increasingly older and may have concurrent illnesses that cause deranged hematological and renal parameters that are associated with post-biopsy bleeding. We aimed to develop a clinical risk model to quantify bleeding risks in high-risk individuals with multiple risk factors.

Methods: Single-center retrospective cohort study of consecutive adults with serum creatinine ≥ 2 mg/dL (176 µmol/L) and had ultrasound-guided percutaneous native kidney biopsies between June 2011 and July 2015 in our tertiary referral center. Read More

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Risk Factors for Anemia in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2020 Sep;30(5):829-842

Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease presents significant impacts on patients, the health-care system and financial resources. There is a significant variation in the primary studies on risk factors of anemia in this patient population across the globe. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the risk factors of anemia among chronic kidney disease patients at the global level. Read More

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September 2020

Demographic, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in Ghana.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Apr 28;22(1):156. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Renal Research Initiative , Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is the commonest of the hereditary kidney diseases and mostly ensues in utero with signs delayed until after several decades. This study assessed the demographic, diagnostic (clinical and biochemical features) and therapeutic patterns among ADPKD patients who attended the nephrology unit of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) from 2007 to 2018.

Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective analysis of ADPKD patient records was conducted at the nephrology unit of KATH in October 2020. Read More

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BODY IRON STATUS INDICATORS AND INFLAMMATION INDICATORS DURING INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE THERAPY IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTES.

Arq Gastroenterol 2021 Jan-Mar;58(1):48-54

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Departamento de Pediatria, Gastroenterologia Pediátrica, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: The treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of the induction and maintenance remission of the disease. Iron status indicators would be useful for the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia, whereas the inflammation indicators would be for the diagnosis of chronic disease anemia.

Objective: To assess body iron status indicators and inflammation indicators during the treatment of IBD, consisted of conventional or infliximab therapy in children and adolescents. Read More

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Actual state of "triple therapy" for heart failure patients in eight regions of Japan: An analysis of a nationwide medical claims database.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(4):e0249711. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kitasato University Kitasato Institute Hospital, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: This study aimed to collect data on "triple therapy" for heart failure (HF) with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (or receptor blockers), β-blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in all eight regions of Japan and clarify the reason for the selection of this therapeutic approach.

Methods And Results: We used data from April 2017 to March 2018 from the Medical Data Vision database (380 facilities) to analyze factors impacting triple therapy for HF. Among patients who were hospitalized for HF during the study period, 51,933 patients met the inclusion criteria and underwent further analyses. Read More

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Associations among erythropoietic, iron-related, and FGF23 parameters in pediatric kidney transplant recipients.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, MDCC A2-383, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1752, USA.

Background: In pediatric kidney transplant recipients, anemia is common and oftentimes multifactorial. Hemoglobin concentrations may be affected by traditional factors, such as kidney function and iron status, as well as novel parameters, such as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23).

Methods: Here, we evaluated associations among erythropoietic, iron-related, and FGF23 parameters in a cohort of pediatric kidney transplant recipients, hypothesizing that multiple factors are associated with hemoglobin concentrations. Read More

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Plasma L-Arginine in Sickle Cell Anaemia Patients in Crises and its Correlation with Markers of Severity of Disease.

West Afr J Med 2021 Apr;38(4):366-373

Clinical Science Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Introduction/objectives: Sickle Cell Anaemia (SCA) is a chronic haemolytic and inflammatory disorder characterized by repeated vaso-occlusive (VOC) and hyperhaemolytic crises (HC). These crises determine the quality of life of SCA patients. This study estimated the plasma L-arginine levels in SCApatients during crises (HC and VOC), and correlated these levels with the markers of inflammation in the patients. Read More

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Coronary microvascular dysfunction is associated with degree of anaemia in end-stage renal disease.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 26;21(1):211. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Birmingham Cardio-Renal Group, Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Background: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is common in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is an adverse prognostic marker. Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) is a measure of coronary microvascular function and can be assessed using Doppler echocardiography. Reduced CFVR in ESRD has been attributed to factors such as diabetes, hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy. Read More

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Pharmacologic HIF-PHD inhibition reduces renovascular resistance and increases glomerular filtration by stimulating nitric oxide generation.

Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2021 Apr 26:e13668. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Section of Integrative Physiology, Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Aim: Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are O -sensitive transcription factors that regulate multiple biological processes which are essential for cellular adaptation to hypoxia. Small molecule inhibitors of HIF-prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) dioxygenases (HIF-PHIs) activate HIF-dependent transcriptional programs and have broad clinical potential. HIF-PHIs are currently in global late-stage clinical development for the treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease. Read More

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Clinical effectiveness of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors and lenalidomide in older patients with refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts: a population-based study in the United States.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 Apr 24:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.

Existing studies regarding the role of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) and lenalidomide in refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS) are limited. Using the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results-medicare database, we assembled a population-based cohort of older adults diagnosed with non-del(5q) lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes during 2007-2015. Of 2167 patients, 30% had RARS. Read More

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[Cough from the perspective of a gastroenterologist].

Ther Umsch 2021 ;78(4):171-179

Abteilung für Gastroenterologie, Universitätsklinik für Viszerale Chirurgie und Medizin, Inselspital, Universitätsspital Bern.

Cough from the perspective of a gastroenterologist Chronic cough can have numerous origins. The work-up of these conditions should always include a multidisciplinary approach to exclude other causes first (cardial, pulmonary, structural changes of pharynx and larynx, allergies, malignancy) before thinking of an upper GI pathology. Cough as an extra-esophageal manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common gastroenterological condition. Read More

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Supply, Demand, and Quality: A Three-Pronged Approach to Blood Product Management in Developing Countries.

J Patient Cent Res Rev 2021 19;8(2):121-126. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Anesthesiology, Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, Shreveport, LA.

While transfusion of blood and blood products is instinctively linked to the provision of emergent care, blood and blood products are also routinely used for the treatment of subacute and chronic conditions. Despite the efforts of the World Health Organization and others, developing countries are faced with a three-part problem when it comes to access to and delivery of transfusions: insufficient supply, excessive demand, and inadequate quality of available supply. Developing countries rely heavily on replacement and remunerated donors rather than voluntary nonremunerated donors due to concerns regarding donation- and transfusion-transmitted infection as well as local and cultural beliefs. Read More

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Early Transformation to Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma in a Chemotherapy-naïve Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patient upon Initial Treatment with Ibrutinib.

Intern Med 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Hematology/Oncology, University of Yamanashi, Japan.

A 71-year-old woman with a four-year history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) received ibrutinib as initial treatment due to progressive anemia and thrombocytopenia. Eleven months after the start of the treatments, although her cytopenia had ameliorated, she developed classic Hodgkin lymphoma, a rare form of Richter's transformation. She was successfully treated with two courses of adriamycin, vinblastin, bleomycin and dacarbazine followed by radiotherapy. Read More

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