126 results match your criteria Anatomy research international[Journal]


Discriminant Function Analysis of Foramen Magnum Variables in South Indian Population: A Study of Computerised Tomographic Images.

Anat Res Int 2018 26;2018:2056291. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Background And Objectives: The foramen magnum as a transition area between skull and spine plays an important role as a landmark, because of its close relationship to vital structures such as the brain and spinal cord. Configuration and size of the foramen magnum play an important role for assessing craniovertebral relations. The objectives of the present study are to find out shape and dimensions of foramen magnum in cranial CT scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2056291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178149PMC
September 2018

Perception of Ghanaian Medical Students of Cadaveric Dissection in a Problem-Based Learning Curriculum.

Anat Res Int 2018 5;2018:3868204. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Physiology Department, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

There is a drastic shift in medical curriculum from the traditional medical curriculum where various basic science disciplines are taught separately in the preclinical years to integrated problem-based learning (PBL) in many medical schools across the world. In the integrated PBL, the time for classical anatomy dissection is significantly reduced. There are varying views across the world about the perception of medical students to cadaveric dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3868204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057427PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Correlation of Internal Organ Weights with Body Weight and Body Height in Normal Adult Zambians: A Case Study of Ndola Teaching Hospital.

Anat Res Int 2018 18;2018:4687538. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Basic Science, Michael Chilufya Sata School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, P.O. Box 71191, Ndola, Zambia.

The objective of the research was to study the correlation of internal organ weights with body weight and length in normal adult Zambians. The study involved 114 (83 males and 31 females) forensic autopsies from Ndola Teaching Hospital done over a period of 12 months. The cases included autopsies of unnatural deaths including road traffic accidents and homicide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4687538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5932513PMC

Qualitative Analysis of Primary Fingerprint Pattern in Different Blood Group and Gender in Nepalese.

Anat Res Int 2018 18;2018:2848974. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Department of Anatomy, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal.

Dermatoglyphics, the study of epidermal ridges on palm, sole, and digits, is considered as most effective and reliable evidence of identification. The fingerprints were studied in 300 Nepalese of known blood groups of different ages and classified into primary patterns and then analyzed statistically. In both sexes, incidence of loops was highest in ABO blood group and Rh +ve blood types, followed by whorls and arches, while the incidence of whorls was highest followed by loops and arches in Rh -ve blood types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2848974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5822922PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Infraorbital Foramen and Pterygopalatine Fossa Location in Dry Skulls: Anatomical Guidelines for Local Anesthesia.

Anat Res Int 2017 19;2017:1403120. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Detroit Mercy School of Dentistry, Detroit, MI, USA.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to locate the infraorbital foramen (IOF) in relation to the infraorbital margin (IOM) for proper injections of local anesthetics in skull specimens. Another aim was to determine the depth of needle penetration into pterygopalatine fossa through the greater palatine canal (GPC).

Materials And Methods: 102 skull halves were used to measure the distances between (1) IOF and IOM and (2) IOF and alveolar ridge of maxilla at second premolar. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ari/2017/1403120/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1403120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5749169PMC
December 2017
8 Reads

Stereopsis, Visuospatial Ability, and Virtual Reality in Anatomy Learning.

Anat Res Int 2017 1;2017:1493135. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Department of Anatomy, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, Netherlands.

A new wave of virtual reality headsets has become available. A potential benefit for the study of human anatomy is the reintroduction of stereopsis and absolute size. We report a randomized controlled trial to assess the contribution of stereopsis to anatomy learning, for students of different visuospatial ability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1493135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5471569PMC
June 2017
4 Reads

Clinical Assessment of the Congenital Absence of Palmaris Longus and Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Muscles in Young Saudi Population.

Anat Res Int 2017 12;2017:5342497. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Basic Medical Sciences Department, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, National Guard Health Affairs (NGHA), Mail Code 3127, P.O. Box 3660, Riyadh 11481, Saudi Arabia.

Congenital Palmaris Longus (PL) absence was found in 15%-20.25% of population globally. This condition and Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (FDS) tendon absence in little finger are not known in Saudi Arabia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ari/2017/5342497/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5342497DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405351PMC
April 2017
2 Reads

Surface Area of Patellar Facets: Inferential Statistics in the Iraqi Population.

Anat Res Int 2017 28;2017:2685159. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

. The patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body; its three-dimensional complexity necessitates biomechanical perfection. Numerous pathologies occur at the patellofemoral unit which may end in degenerative changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2685159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5350316PMC
February 2017
2 Reads

Comment on "Variability in the Branching Pattern of the Internal Iliac Artery in Indian Population and Its Clinical Importance".

Anat Res Int 2016 26;2016:8193713. Epub 2016 Dec 26.

Sri Kota Specialist Medical Centre, Jalan Mohet, 41000 Klang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8193713DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5220382PMC
December 2016

Morphometric Analysis of the Infraorbital Foramen: The Clinical Relevance.

Anat Res Int 2016 25;2016:7917343. Epub 2016 Dec 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, 20400 Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

The present study was conducted to ascertain the shape, size, presence of accessory foramina, direction, and the precise position of the infraorbital foramen (IOF) in relation to the inferior orbital margin (IOM), anterior nasal spine (ANS), nasion (Na), maxillary teeth, and supraorbital foramen/notch (SOF/N) in adult skulls in a Sri Lankan population. Fifty-four skulls (42 males and 12 females) were analyzed. The IOF was oval in shape (38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7917343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5220386PMC
December 2016

Surface Projection of Interosseous Foramen of the Leg: Cadaver Study.

Anat Res Int 2016 13;2016:6312027. Epub 2016 Nov 13.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd., Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA.

. This study was conducted to identify the surface projection of the interosseous foramen and associated structures of the proximal leg using the average clinician's thumb width as a quick measurement to assist in differential diagnosis and treatment. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6312027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5124443PMC
November 2016
1 Read

Cystic Artery: Morphological Study and Surgical Significance.

Anat Res Int 2016 16;2016:7201858. Epub 2016 Oct 16.

Department of General Surgery, SMBT Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Dhamangaon, Nasik District, Maharashtra 422403, India.

The cystic artery is the key structure sought to be clipped or ligated during laparoscopic or conventional cholecystectomy. The possible complications like hemorrhage or hepatobiliary injury are always centered on the search, dissection, and clipping or ligation of the cystic artery, many a time because of possibility of variations in its course and relations to the biliary ducts. This descriptive study was carried out to document the normal anatomy and different variations of the cystic artery to contribute to improve surgical safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7201858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5086348PMC
October 2016

New Possible Surgical Approaches for the Submammary Adipofascial Flap Based on Its Arterial Supply.

Anat Res Int 2016 29;2016:7696010. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

. Submammary adipofascial flap (SMAF) is a valuable option for replacement of the inferior portion of the breast. It is particularly useful for reconstruction of partial mastectomy defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7696010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5061926PMC
September 2016
1 Read

Incidence of Clavicular Rhomboid Fossa in Northeastern Thais: An Anthropological Study.

Anat Res Int 2016 28;2016:9298043. Epub 2016 Aug 28.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Mitraparp Road, Khon Kaen, Thailand; Center for Research and Development of Herbal Product, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

The rhomboid fossa of clavicle is used to determine the age and sex in anthropology and forensic sciences. The variant types of rhomboid fossa on inferior surface have been reported in many races except in Thais. This study therefore was aimed at classifying the types of the rhomboid fossa in Northeastern Thais. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9298043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5018312PMC
September 2016
3 Reads

A Cadaveric Investigation of the Dorsal Scapular Nerve.

Anat Res Int 2016 15;2016:4106981. Epub 2016 Aug 15.

Center for Anatomical Sciences, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA.

Compression of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) is associated with pain in the upper extremity and back. Even though entrapment of the DSN within the middle scalene muscle is typically the primary cause of pain, it is still easily missed during diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to document the DSN's anatomy and measure the oblique course it takes with regard to the middle scalene muscle. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2016/4106981/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4106981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002459PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

Anatomy of Teaching Anatomy: Do Prosected Cross Sections Improve Students Understanding of Spatial and Radiological Anatomy?

Anat Res Int 2016 8;2016:8984704. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, No. 25, Kynsey Place, 00800 Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Introduction. Cadaveric dissections and prosections have traditionally been part of undergraduate medical teaching. Materials and Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8984704DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4992790PMC

Morphology and Functional Anatomy of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve with Extralaryngeal Terminal Bifurcation.

Anat Res Int 2016 14;2016:9503170. Epub 2016 Jul 14.

Department of Surgery, Düzce University Medical Faculty, 81650 Düzce, Turkey.

Anatomical variations of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), such as an extralaryngeal terminal bifurcation (ETB), threaten the safety of thyroid surgery. Besides the morphology of the nerve branches, intraoperative evaluation of their functional anatomy may be useful to preserve motor activity. We exposed 67 RLNs in 36 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9503170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4963538PMC
August 2016
7 Reads

Bilateral Chondroepitrochlearis Muscle: Case Report, Phylogenetic Analysis, and Clinical Significance.

Anat Res Int 2016 8;2016:5402081. Epub 2016 May 8.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; School of Medical Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Anomalous muscular variants of pectoralis major have been reported on several occasions in the medical literature. Among them, chondroepitrochlearis is one of the rarest. Therefore, this study aims to provide a comprehensive description of its anatomy and subsequent clinical significance, along with its phylogenetic importance in pectoral muscle evolution with regard to primate posture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5402081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4875967PMC
May 2016
3 Reads

Repeated Exposure to Dissection Does Not Influence Students' Attitudes towards Human Body Donation for Anatomy Teaching.

Anat Res Int 2016 13;2016:9251049. Epub 2016 Apr 13.

Department of Human Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.

The use of unclaimed bodies for anatomical dissection has been the main method of instruction at our institution. There is however a shortage of cadavers for dissection given the increase in the number of medical schools as well as in the number of students enrolling in these schools. This shortage could be mitigated by having voluntary human body donation programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9251049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4846756PMC
May 2016
3 Reads

Limited Trabecular Bone Density Heterogeneity in the Human Skeleton.

Authors:
Habiba Chirchir

Anat Res Int 2016 11;2016:9295383. Epub 2016 Apr 11.

Department of Biological Sciences, Marshall University, 1 John Marshall Drive, Science Building, Huntington, WV 25755, USA; Human Origins Program, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 1000 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

There is evidence for variation in trabecular bone density and volume within an individual skeleton, albeit in a few anatomical sites, which is partly dependent on mechanical loading. However, little is known regarding the basic variation in trabecular bone density throughout the skeleton in healthy human adults. This is because research on bone density has been confined to a few skeletal elements, which can be readily measured using available imaging technology particularly in clinical settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9295383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4842361PMC

Anatomical Considerations on Surgical Anatomy of the Carotid Bifurcation.

Anat Res Int 2016 7;2016:6907472. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 17 Mikras Asias Street, Goudi, 15771 Athens, Greece.

Surgical anatomy of carotid bifurcation is of unique importance for numerous medical specialties. Despite extensive research, many aspects such as precise height of carotid bifurcation, micrometric values of carotid arteries and their branches as their diameter, length, and degree of tortuosity, and variations of proximal external carotid artery branches are undetermined. Furthermore carotid bifurcation is involved in many pathologic processes, atheromatous disease being the commonest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6907472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4800075PMC
April 2016
1 Read

Right Hepatic Artery: A Cadaver Investigation and Its Clinical Significance.

Anat Res Int 2015 16;2015:412595. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

Department of Anatomy, Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Loni, Rahata, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra 413736, India.

The right hepatic artery is an end artery and contributes sole arterial supply to right lobe of the liver. Misinterpretation of normal anatomy and anatomical variations of the right hepatic artery contribute to the major intraoperative mishaps and complications in hepatobiliary surgery. The frequency of inadvertent or iatrogenic hepatobiliary vascular injury rises with the event of an aberrant anatomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/412595DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4695647PMC
January 2016

Distal Insertional Footprint of the Brachialis Muscle: 3D Morphometric Study.

Anat Res Int 2015 10;2015:786508. Epub 2015 Nov 10.

Elbow Shoulder Research Centre, University of Kentucky Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Kentucky Clinic, 740 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0284, USA.

Objective. The purpose of this study is to describe the three-dimensional morphometry of the brachialis muscle at its distal attachment to the ulna. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/786508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4657092PMC
December 2015
2 Reads

Anatomy of the Ophthalmic Artery: A Review concerning Its Modern Surgical and Clinical Applications.

Anat Res Int 2015 9;2015:591961. Epub 2015 Nov 9.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Mikras Asias 71 Street, Goudi, 15771 Athens, Greece.

Anatomy of ophthalmic artery has been thoroughly studied and reviewed in many anatomical and surgical textbooks and papers. Issues of interest are its intracranial and extracranial course, its branches, its importance for vision, and its interaction with various intracranial pathologies. Improvement of our understanding about pathophysiology of certain diseases like aneurysm formation, central retinal artery occlusion, and retinoblastoma and also invention of new therapeutic modalities like superselective catheterization, intra-arterial fibrinolysis, and intra-arterial chemotherapy necessitate a reappraisal of its anatomy from a clinical point of view. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/591961DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4655262PMC
December 2015

Angle at the Medial Border: The Spinovertebra Angle and Its Significance.

Anat Res Int 2015 7;2015:986029. Epub 2015 Oct 7.

Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background. The evolution from quadrupedalism to bipedalism has adjusted the balance of the upper limb to extensive movement at the shoulder. The scapular angles provide the point of attachment and control to various muscles and have been associated with the different movements of the shoulder girdle and joint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/986029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4615850PMC
November 2015

A Morphometric Study of the Foramen of Diaphragma Sellae and Delineation of Its Relation to Optic Neural Pathways through Computer Aided Superimposition.

Anat Res Int 2015 13;2015:618042. Epub 2015 Sep 13.

Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695011, India.

The diaphragma sellae (DS) is a fold of dura that forms a partial roof over the pituitary gland. The foramen of the diaphragma sellae (FDS) is thereby a pathway for suprasellar extension of pituitary tumors. The purpose of this study was to describe the anatomical dimensions of the DS and FDS and to understand the relationship of FDS with the overlying optic chiasma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/618042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4584028PMC
October 2015
1 Read

Dimensions and Anatomical Variants of the Foramen Transversarium of Typical Cervical Vertebrae.

Anat Res Int 2015 10;2015:391823. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

Program in Anatomy and Body Visualization, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, USA.

The study was conducted on random sample of seventy-one dried, typical cervical vertebrae (C3-C6). The data on the age, sex, and built was not available. Using vernier calipers with 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/391823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4581543PMC
October 2015
8 Reads

Anatomical Study of Chiari Network and the Remnant of Left Venous Valve in the Interior of Right Atrium.

Anat Res Int 2015 9;2015:247680. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Electrophysiology, Indira Gandhi Government General Hospital and Postgraduate Institute, Puducherry 605 001, India.

Chiari network occurs due to incomplete resorption of right valve of sinus venosus. It is often noticed as fenestrated membranous structure or reticular network like structure in the valve of inferior vena cava and coronary sinus. The remnant of left venous valve is observed as trabeculae over the fossa ovalis. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ari/2015/247680/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/247680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4579302PMC
October 2015
1 Read

Study of Posterior Cerebral Artery in Human Cadaveric Brain.

Anat Res Int 2015 24;2015:681903. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

Department of Anatomy, Rural Medical College, Post. Loni, Taluka Rahata, Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra 413736, India.

Objective. Basilar artery (BA) terminates in right and left posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs). Each PCA supplies respective occipital lobe of the cerebrum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/681903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4561305PMC
September 2015
1 Read

Inner Synovial Membrane Footprint of the Anterior Elbow Capsule: An Arthroscopic Boundary.

Anat Res Int 2015 25;2015:426974. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Elbow Shoulder Research Centre (ESRC), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Kentucky, 740 South Limestone Street, K-412 Kentucky Clinic, Lexington, KY 40536-0284, USA.

Introduction. The purpose of this study is to describe the inner synovial membrane (SM) of the anterior elbow capsule, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Materials and Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/426974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4561978PMC
September 2015
1 Read

Retromolar Canal Associated with Age, Side, Sex, Bifid Mandibular Canal, and Accessory Mental Foramen in Panoramic Radiographs of Brazilians.

Anat Res Int 2015 20;2015:434083. Epub 2015 Aug 20.

Department of Social Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Humaita 1680, 14801-903 Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

Background. The retromolar canal (RMC) is an anatomical variation that can cause complications in dental procedures. Method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/434083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4558431PMC
September 2015
3 Reads

Variations in the Root Form and Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Mandibular First Molars in a Sri Lankan Population.

Anat Res Int 2015 13;2015:803671. Epub 2015 Aug 13.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya, 20400 Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

The present study was conducted to determine the number of roots and morphology of the root canal system of permanent mandibular first molars (M1) in a Sri Lankan population. Sample of 529 M1 teeth was used. The number of roots was examined and the lengths of the mesial and distal roots were measured to the nearest 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/803671DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4550767PMC
September 2015

The Prevalence and Classification of the Cystoduodenal Ligament.

Anat Res Int 2015 12;2015:742621. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State 5363, Nigeria.

Variant patterns of peritoneal folds could be formed due to the complex nature of the embryology of the peritoneum and the gastrointestinal tract. When uncommon peritoneal folds are formed, they could influence aberrant formation of surrounding gastrointestinal structures and create spaces that may harbour peritoneal fluids in cases of infection or malignant tumor. One of such variant peritoneal folds is the cystoduodenal ligament which is a doubled peritoneal membrane attaching the gallbladder to the duodenum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/742621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4549486PMC
September 2015
4 Reads

Binary Logistic Regression Analysis of Foramen Magnum Dimensions for Sex Determination.

Anat Res Int 2015 5;2015:459428. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

Yenepoya Medical College, Nithyananda Nagar, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka 575018, India.

Purpose. The structural integrity of foramen magnum is usually preserved in fire accidents and explosions due to its resistant nature and secluded anatomical position and this study attempts to determine its sexing potential. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/459428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4540976PMC
September 2015
1 Read

Use of Digital Panoramic Radiographs in the Study of Styloid Process Elongation.

Anat Res Int 2015 28;2015:474615. Epub 2015 Jul 28.

Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Facial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Avenida Professor Moraes Rego S/N, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil.

This work aimed to evaluate the occurrence of suggestive images of styloid process elongation in panoramic radiographs, noting their frequency according to sex, age, and location, as well as measure and classify the types and patterns of calcification of elongated styloid processes. 2,500 panoramic radiographs were evaluated in a Radiology Clinic in Recife, PE, Brazil, performed between 2008 and 2010, with the age ranging from 25 to 80 years old. 560 of the radiographs analyzed fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/474615DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4531163PMC

Pes Anserinus Structural Framework and Constituting Tendons Are Grossly Aberrant in Nigerian Population.

Anat Res Int 2015 9;2015:483186. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bowen University, Iwo 284, Osun State, Nigeria.

We evaluated the morphological framework of the pes anserinus in both knees of ten Nigerian cadavers and we observed high degree of variability in its morphology and location. The pes anserinus inserted specifically on the superior half of the media border of the tibia, as far inferiorly as 124.44 mm to the tibial tuberosity (prolonged insertion). Read More

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http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/ari/2015/483186.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/483186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4515488PMC
August 2015
10 Reads

Anatomical Study of the Ulnar Nerve Variations at High Humeral Level and Their Possible Clinical and Diagnostic Implications.

Anat Res Int 2015 12;2015:378063. Epub 2015 Jul 12.

Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal Campus, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India.

Background. Descriptive evaluation of nerve variations plays a pivotal role in the usefulness of clinical or surgical practice, as an anatomical variation often sets a risk of nerve palsy syndrome. Ulnar nerve (UN) is one amongst the major nerves involved in neuropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/378063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4515264PMC
August 2015
2 Reads

Artery to Cystic Duct: A Consistent Branch of Cystic Artery Seen in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Anat Res Int 2015 9;2015:847812. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

Department of Health Services, Kashmir 190001, India.

Uncontrolled arterial bleeding during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a serious problem and may increase the risk of bile duct damage. Therefore, accurate identification of the anatomy of the cystic artery is very important. Cystic artery is notoriously known to have a highly variable branching pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/847812DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4512572PMC
August 2015
1 Read

Pyramidal Lobe of the Thyroid Gland: Surgical Anatomy in Patients Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy.

Anat Res Int 2015 7;2015:384148. Epub 2015 Jul 7.

Department of Surgery, Duzce University Medical Faculty, 81650 Duzce, Turkey.

Background. Anatomic variations, the presence of the pyramidal lobe (PL), may impact completeness of thyroidectomy and effect of surgical treatment. Method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/384148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4508373PMC
August 2015
4 Reads

Histology and Morphology of the Brain Subarachnoid Trabeculae.

Anat Res Int 2015 24;2015:279814. Epub 2015 May 24.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, City College, City University of New York, 160 Convent Avenue, NY 10031, USA.

The interface between the brain and the skull consists of three fibrous tissue layers, dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater, known as the meninges, and strands of collagen tissues connecting the arachnoid to the pia mater, known as trabeculae. The space between the arachnoid and the pia mater is filled with cerebrospinal fluid which stabilizes the shape and position of the brain during head movements or impacts. The histology and architecture of the subarachnoid space trabeculae in the brain are not well established in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/279814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4458278PMC

Immunohistological analysis of the jun family and the signal transducers and activators of transcription in thymus.

Anat Res Int 2015 18;2015:541582. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

Department of Anatomy-Histology-Embryology, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece.

The Jun family and the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) are involved in proliferation and apoptosis. Moreover, c-Jun and STAT3 cooperate to regulate apoptosis. Therefore, we used double immunostaining to investigate the immunotopographical distribution of phospho-c-Jun (p-c-Jun), JunB, JunD, p-STAT3, p-STAT5, and p-STAT6 in human thymus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/541582DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4381968PMC
April 2015
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The quality assessment of stored red blood cells probed using atomic-force microscopy.

Anat Res Int 2014 28;2014:869683. Epub 2014 Dec 28.

The Department of Human Anatomy, Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk 432017, Russia.

At the moment the suitability of stored red blood cells (sRBC) for transfusion is checked by routine methods such as haemoglobin estimation and the level of haemolysis. These methods cannot characterize directly the quality of the membranes of sRBC. The aim of this work is to assess the quality of sRBC based on such criteria as the membrane's stiffness and the size and the form of sRBC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/869683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4291138PMC
January 2015

Variability in the branching pattern of the internal iliac artery in Indian population and its clinical importance.

Anat Res Int 2014 15;2014:597103. Epub 2014 Dec 15.

Department of Anatomy, SRM Medical College and Hospital, Chennai 603203, India.

Internal iliac artery (IIA) is one of the terminal branches of the common iliac artery and is the prime artery of pelvis. The artery has many parietal and visceral branches and hence the variations are frequently noted. The larger branches, namely, the inferior gluteal artery, the superior gluteal artery, and the internal pudendal artery, show sufficient regularity in their patterns of origin to allow typing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/597103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4279881PMC
January 2015

Comparison of Two Methods for the Measurement of Medial and Lateral Metapodial Bones in Karagouniko Sheep (Ovis aries, L. 1758) and Hellenic Goat (Capra hircus, L. 1758).

Anat Res Int 2014 30;2014:529686. Epub 2014 Oct 30.

Clinic of Farm Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 11 St. Voutyra Street, 54627 Thessaloniki, Greece.

The objective of this study was to compare the metapodial lengths of sheep and goats measured with a caliper with those measured using a 2-dimensional digital method. Complementarily, the lengths of medial and lateral metapodials in these species were compared. The limbs of 30 ewes and 30 goats were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/529686DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4230196PMC
December 2014

Occurrence of the retromolar foramen in dry mandibles of South-eastern part of India: a morphological study with review of the literature.

Anat Res Int 2014 29;2014:296717. Epub 2014 Sep 29.

Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, 26671 Manama, Bahrain.

The retromolar foramen (RMF) is a rare anatomical structure situated in the retromolar fossa behind the third molar tooth. When it is present, the foramen is connected with the mandibular canal and is believed to transmit neurovascular structures that provide accessory source to the mandibular molars and the buccal area. Reports from the literature show that the presence of RMF could pose a challenge in complete blockage of the inferior alveolar nerve during mandibular surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/296717DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4197892PMC
December 2014
4 Reads

Photoelastic and finite element analyses of occlusal loads in mandibular body.

Anat Res Int 2014 8;2014:174028. Epub 2014 Oct 8.

Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, UNICAMP, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

This study proposed to evaluate the mandibular biomechanics in the posterior dentition based on experimental and computational analyses. The analyses were performed on a model of human mandible, which was modeled by epoxy resin for photoelastic analysis and by computer-aided design for finite element analysis. To standardize the evaluation, specific areas were determined at the lateral surface of mandibular body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/174028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206929PMC
November 2014
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Analysis of occlusal vertical dimension and mandibular Basal bone height in a nigerian population.

Anat Res Int 2014 2;2014:584508. Epub 2014 Oct 2.

Department of Human Anatomy, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Port Harcourt 500004, Nigeria.

Background. The actual basal bone height of the reconstructed mandible is relevant to achieve normal occlusal vertical dimension for the prosthesis fabricated. The purpose of the study was to determine the mean and baseline values of the occlusal vertical dimension and height of the mandibular basal bone in a Nigerian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/584508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4202278PMC
November 2014
2 Reads

Variation in Anatomical Position of Vermiform Appendix among Iranian Population: An Old Issue Which Has Not Lost Its Importance.

Anat Res Int 2014 10;2014:313575. Epub 2014 Sep 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin 34137 86165, Iran.

Vermiform appendix has diverse anatomical positions, lengths, and conditions of mesoappendix. Knowing the exact anatomical position of vermiform appendix is important in view of surgeons for on-time diagnosis and management of acute appendicitis. The aim of present study is determination of these characteristics of vermiform appendix among Iranian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/313575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4176911PMC
October 2014
17 Reads

Microanatomical Study of Embryonic Gonadal Development in Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica).

Anat Res Int 2014 3;2014:168614. Epub 2014 Sep 3.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Gonadal development of quail embryos was examined histologically using histological and histochemical methods. In the present study, quail embryos were studied at various stages of incubation period based on phases of gonadogenesis. Germ cell migration was observed on day 3-4 but gonadal differentiation and gonadal function were observed on day 6-8 and day 11-14, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/168614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4168037PMC
October 2014

A Comparative Study of Palatal Rugae Patterns among Igbo and Ikwerre Ethnic Groups of Nigeria: A University of Port Harcourt Study.

Anat Res Int 2014 8;2014:123925. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background. Palatal rugae pattern of an individual is species specific and is said to be as unique as finger print. Aims and Objectives. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ari/2014/123925/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/123925DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4170695PMC
October 2014
3 Reads