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    25619 results match your criteria Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery

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    Posterior tibial perforators relationship with superficial nerves and veins: A cadaver study.
    Microsurgery 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Department of Medical, Surgical and Experimental Sciences, Plastic Surgery Unit, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.
    Background: Most authors have evaluated the location of lower leg arterial perforators, but little is still known about the relationship between the arterial network and great saphenous vein (GSV) and saphenous nerve (SN). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the arterial network of the posterior tibial artery perforators, the cutaneous nerves, and the superficial venous system in the lower one third of the leg.

    Methods: Eighteen lower limbs from cadavers were used for this study. Read More

    Curcumin accelerates cutaneous wound healing via multiple biological actions: The involvement of TNF-α, MMP-9, α-SMA, and collagen.
    Int Wound J 2018 Apr 16. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Curcumin, a constituent of the turmeric plant, has antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidative effects, but its effects on wound healing are unclear. We created back wounds in 72 mice and treated them with or without topical curcumin (0.2 mg/mL) in Pluronic F127 gel (20%) daily for 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12 days. Read More

    Unusual bilateral sensory innervation of the dorsum of hand by lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve: a case report.
    Anat Cell Biol 2018 Mar 28;51(1):66-69. Epub 2018 Mar 28.
    Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    A 68-year-old male cadaver showed bilateral variation in the sensory innervation of the dorsum of hand. On the dorsum of right hand, first digit and lateral half of second digit were supplied by lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LABCN); medial side of second digit and lateral side of third digit were supplied by superficial branch of radial nerve (SBRN) and medial side of third digit, the fourth and fifth digits were supplied by dorsal cutaneous branch of ulnar nerve (DBUN). On the dorsum of the left hand, lateral side of first digit was supplied by LABCN, medial side of first digit, the second and third digits as well as the lateral side of fourth digit were supplied by SBRN; medial side of fourth digit and fifth digit were supplied by DBUN. Read More

    Cutaneous Cancers in Nigerian Albinos: A Review of 22 Cases.
    Niger J Surg 2018 Jan-Jun;24(1):34-38
    Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria.
    Context: Albinism is an inherited disorder of hypopigmentation involving the skin, eyes, and hair. This disorder results in the absence or reduction in melanin production. There are two main types of albinism which are ocular albinism and oculocutaneous albinism. Read More

    Anatomy of the Pudendal Nerve and Other Neural Structures Around the Proximal Hamstring Origin in Males.
    Arthroscopy 2018 Mar 29. Epub 2018 Mar 29.
    Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
    Purpose: To define the anatomy of the pudendal nerve in relationship to the proximal hamstring and other nearby neurological structures during proximal hamstring repair.

    Methods: Six fresh-frozen human cadaveric hemi-pelvises from male patients ages 64.0 ± 4. Read More

    [Malignant transformation of chronic osteomyelitis: a case report].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 31;28:188. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Laboratoire d'Anatomie et de Cytologie Pathologiques, Hôpital Habib Bourguiba - Médenine, Médenine, Tunisie.
    Malignant transformation of chronic osteomyelitis is a rare and late complication which mainly occurs at the level of the edges of a fistulous tract with extension and infiltration to the surrounding soft tissues and more rarely to bones. We here report the case of Mr N.J. Read More

    Surgical Approach to Injuries of the Cervical Plexus and Its Peripheral Nerve Branches.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Apr;141(4):1021-1025
    Ann Arbor, Mich.; and Balitmore, Md. From the Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School; and The Johns Hopkins Medical School.
    Background: Located in the neck beneath the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the cervical plexus comprises a coalition of nerves originating from C1 through C4, which provide input to four cutaneous, seven motor, and three cranial nerves and the sympathetic trunk. Sporadic instances of injury to these superficial nerves have been reported. Nevertheless, this specific anatomical cause of neurogenic pain remains incompletely described and underrecognized. Read More

    Biodynamic excisional skin tension lines for surgical excisions: untangling the science.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2018 Apr 15;100(4):330-337. Epub 2018 Mar 15.
    University of Queensland, School of Medicine , Brisbane, Queensland , Australia.
    Objective There remains confusion between Langer's lines and wrinkle lines with respect to the optimal orientation of elliptical excisions on the trunk. This study sought to determine the directions of wound closure that would result in least wound tension after skin lesion excisions. Materials and methods Some 1181 consecutive skin lesion excisions were investigated (age range 13-95 years, median 64 years) using a tensiometer to determine directions of least wound tension. Read More

    [Chronic ulceration of the hand in a mechanic: epidermoid carcinoma should be suspected].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 14;28:141. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    Service de Dermatologie et Vénérologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire IBN Sina, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc.
    Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor developed from the epidermis or the squamous mucosa. It may occur de novo or, most often, on precancerous lesions, including actinic keratoses. This tumor can sometimes be secondary to physical or chemical hazardous conditions encountered during the professional activity. Read More

    [Unusual macrocystic lymphatic malformation in an adult patient].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 10;28:128. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Service de Dermatologie-Vénéréologie, CHU Ibn Rochd, Université Hassan II, Casablanca, Maroc.
    Macrocystic lymphatic malformations (MLMs) constitute a circumscribed variation in deep lymphangiomas. They are characterized by a rare occurrence in adults, by their rapid expansion and by their frequent occurrence at the level of the cervicofacial region (75%) and axillary region (20%). They rarely occur in lower limbs. Read More

    Modified Composite-Flap Facelift Combined With Finger-Assisted Malar Elevation (FAME): A Cadaver Study.
    Aesthet Surg J 2018 Mar 2. Epub 2018 Mar 2.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Background: Inadequate release of retaining ligaments during facelift surgery may lead to an unnatural appearance. However, most facelift surgeons are hesitant in transecting these ligaments to avoid possible injury to facial subbranches.

    Objectives: In our surgical practice for modified composite flap rhytidectomy we use the finger-assisted malar elevation (FAME) technique in order to enable safe release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments through the prezygomatic space under direct vision. Read More

    Repair of deep tissue defects in the posterior talocrural region using a superficial temporal fascia free flap plus thin split-skin grafting in extensively burned patients: A retrospective case series.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jan;97(3):e9250
    From the Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.
    The aim of this study was to describe the scheme, surgical procedures, and clinical outcomes for the early repair of deep wounds of the posterior talocrural region in extensively burned patients with a method combining a superficial temporal fascia free flap with thin split-skin grafting.From January 2013 to February 2016, 9 extensively burned patients with deep tissue defects of the posterior talocrural region were treated in our department (2 patients had bilateral deep tissue defects of the posterior talocrural region). All 11 wounds were repaired using a superficial temporal fascia free flap and thin split-skin grafting. Read More

    Superiorly-based turnover skin flap: Pediatric tracheocutaneous fistula closure.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Apr 31;107:21-24. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, USA. Electronic address:
    Objective: To present a novel superiorly-based turnover skin flap for the primary repair of pediatric tracheocutaneous fistula closure, and to determine the efficacy and safety of this tracheocutaneous fistula turnover flap primary closure technique.

    Subject And Methods: This retrospective review analyzed one surgeon's (DJK) pediatric tracheostomy decannulation methods and results, specifically relating to the development of tracheocutaneous fistulas, over a fourteen-year period, from October 2002 through June 2016. The review furthermore examined a turnover flap technique for the primary closure of tracheocutaneous fistulas described herein. Read More

    Radiation Therapy for Angiosarcoma of the Scalp: Total Scalp Irradiation and Local Irradiation.
    Anticancer Res 2018 03;38(3):1247-1253
    Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Oncology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan
    Angiosarcoma, a rare cutaneous malignancy, frequently arises in the scalp of older individuals. Because it characteristically initially mimics benign disease, such as a bruise, definitive diagnosis in the early stages is difficult. Angiosarcoma of the scalp is highly malignant and often accompanied by lung metastases that cause hemopneumothorax. Read More

    Nasolabial propeller perforator flap: Anatomical study and case series.
    J Surg Oncol 2018 Feb 26. Epub 2018 Feb 26.
    Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
    Purpose: The previous cadaveric studies of facial artery perforators have frequently reported high variability, and those results remain to be validated in the Colombian population. Thus, we aimed to describe the vascular anatomy of the lateral nasal artery cutaneous branches and their clinical applications using Colombian cadavers.

    Materials And Methods: Nine hemifaces from six fresh cadavers were included in the study. Read More

    Optimal surgical approach for the treatment of Quervains disease: A surgical-anatomical study.
    World J Orthop 2018 Feb 18;9(2):7-13. Epub 2018 Feb 18.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Radboud UMC, Gelderland, Nijmegen 6500 HB, Netherlands.
    Aim: To determine which of the common used incision techniques has the lowest chance of iatrogenic damage to the nerves which at risk are the superficial branch of the radial nerve (SBRN) and the Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve (LABCN).

    Methods: Twenty embalmed arms were dissected and the course of the SBRN and the LABCN in each individual arm was marked and the distance between the two branches of the SBRN at the location of the First Extensor Compartment (FEC) was measured. This data was used as input in a visualization tool called Computer Assisted Anatomy Mapping (CASAM) to map the course of the nerves in each individual arm. Read More

    Reexploring the Anatomy of the Distal Humerus for its Role in Providing Vascularized Bone.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Jan 12;6(1):e1636. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, Pa.
    Background: The lateral arm flap is used for composite defects in need of vascularized soft tissue, skin, and bone. From its original description, the distal humeral metaphysis can be included with the flap, supplied by the periosteal extensions of the posterior branch of the radial collateral artery. We sought to reexplore the anatomy of the lateral arm to determine its utility as a donor site for vascularized bone. Read More

    Correction to: Clinicopathological predictors of recurrence in nodular and superficial spreading cutaneous melanoma: a multivariate analysis of 214 cases.
    J Transl Med 2018 Feb 20;16(1):33. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Unit of Cancer Genetics, Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry (ICB), National Research Council (CNR), Sassari, Italy.
    In the original version of this article [1], published on 7 November 2017, affiliation 18 has been incorrectly assigned to the authors Serena Magi and Laura Mazzoni. They are only affiliated to the Skin Cancer Unit, Istituto Tumori Romagna (IRST), Meldola, Italy (affiliation 5). Read More

    Feasibility of a novel tacking method of securing mesh in transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair: Secure tacking against recurrence.
    Asian J Endosc Surg 2018 Feb 19. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    Department of Surgery, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Okayama, Japan.
    Introduction: Postoperative chronic pain is an important outcome of hernia surgery. In laparoscopic hernia surgery, either fixation outside the trapezoid of disaster or no fixation is recommended to avoid postoperative pain. To avoid recurrence are transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernia repair, the myopectineal orifice must be covered with mesh during TAPP, but lifting or shrinking of the mesh can lead to recurrence. Read More

    3-Piece Inflatable Penile Prosthesis Placement Following Radical Cystoprostatectomy and Urinary Diversion: Technique and Outcomes.
    J Sex Med 2018 Feb 13. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    USC Institute of Urology, USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Background: After radical cystoprostatectomy (RC), postoperative erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common consequence with multiple contributing etiologies. The inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) offers patients a definitive treatment option when ED is refractory to medical therapies. Because of the hostile postoperative anatomy of these patients, a careful surgical approach is necessary for successful outcomes and to avoid adjacent organ injury. Read More

    Central xanthoma of the mandible associated with hyperlipidemia: A rare presentation.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Feb 5;105:75-78. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, MD, United States; Molecular and Structural Biology Branch, The Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Center, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address:
    Xanthoma is a common, self-limiting cutaneous lesion of non-Langerhans cell, lipid-laden foamy histiocytes that is often concomitant with hyperlipidemia. The intraosseous counterpart is rarely encountered and typically presents as a painless, expansile osteolytic process in the context of hyperlipidemia or normolipidemia. Only a scant number of gnathic xanthomas have been reported in the otolaryngologic literature. Read More

    A patient case highlighting the myriad of cutaneous adverse effects of prolonged use of hydroxyurea.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 Nov 15;23(11). Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    Division of Dermatology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas.
    Background: Hydroxyurea is an antimetabolite primarily used to treat myeloproliferative disorders, and chronic treatment is associated with many cutaneous adverse effects ranging in severity from ichthyosis to aggressive nonmelanoma skin cancer.

    Case Presentation: We report a 67-year-oldman with a history of polycythemia vera who was referred for management of progressively worsening dorsal hand lesions. The patient presented withhyperpigmentation, ichthyosis, plantar keratoderma, dermatomyositis-like eruptions, two squamous cell carcinomas, and actinic keratoses. Read More

    The dermal arteries in the cutaneous angiosome of the descending genicular artery.
    J Anat 2018 02 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Division of Anatomy, Centre for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Studies examining thick skin of the thumb pad have challenged the existence of an arterial plexus in the papillary dermis. Instead of a plexus, discrete arterial units, interconnected by arterio-arterial anastomoses, were identified. We hypothesise that the dermal arteries of thin skin are arranged likewise and that there are fewer arterio-arterial anastomoses in the centre of an angiosome than in zones where neighbouring angiosomes overlap. Read More

    Surgical reconstruction of the fascia lata and posterior tibial artery perforator flap to treat children with simultaneous injury to the Achilles tendon and heel skin.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(6):e9834
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China.
    Children with simultaneous injury to the Achilles tendon and heel skin remain a challenge for clinicians. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a combined surgical procedure involving use of the fascia lata to reconstruct the Achilles tendon, and the posterior tibial artery perforator flap to cover the accompanying heel skin injury.Between February 2010 and February 2013, 8 children (3 females and 5 males) between 3 and 12 years of age, with a median age of 7. Read More

    Novel Demonstration of the Anterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerves using Ultrasound.
    Ultraschall Med 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Medical University Vienna, Austria.
    Purpose:  Neuropathy of the intermediate (IFCN) and medial femoral cutaneous nerve (MFCN) is a potential iatrogenic complication of thigh surgery and its diagnosis is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of the visualization and diagnostic assessment of the IFCN and MFCN with high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS).

    Materials And Methods:  In this study, HRUS with high-frequency probes (15 - 22MHz) was used to locate the IFCN and the MFCN in 16 fresh cadaveric lower limbs. Read More

    The anatomy of the perineal branch of the sciatic nerve.
    Clin Anat 2018 Apr 20;31(3):357-363. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
    A "perineal" branch of the sciatic nerve has been visualized during surgery, but there is currently no description of this nerve branch in the literature. Our study investigates the presence and frequency of occurrence of perineal innervation by the sciatic nerve and characterizes its anatomy in the posterior thigh. Fifteen cadavers were obtained for dissection. Read More

    The value of ultrasound diagnosis in the multidisciplinary approach of cutaneous tumours. Case report.
    Med Ultrason 2018 Feb;1(1):108-110
    Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iuliu Hatieganu, Cluj-Napoca, Romania..
    We report the case of a senior patient, presenting with two cutaneous tumours in which the clinical and dermoscopic examination pointed towards a basal cell carcinoma. Ultrasound revealed highly vascularised tumours and elastography showed increased rigidity. Histological examination of both lesions following complete resection was consistent with squamous cell carcinomas. Read More

    The Role of Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia.
    Biomedicines 2018 Feb 2;6(1). Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Department of Dermatology, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.
    Background: vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia is a non-invasive precursor lesion found in 50-70% of patients affected by vulvar squamous cell carcinoma. In the past, radical surgery was the standard treatment for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, however, considering the psychological and physical morbidities related to extensive surgery, several less aggressive treatment modalities have been proposed since the late 1970s. Photodynamic therapy is an effective and safe treatment for cutaneous non-melanoma skin cancer, with favorable cosmetic outcomes. Read More

    Combing a novel device and negative pressure wound therapy for managing the wound around a colostomy in the open abdomen: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(52):e9370
    Department of Dermatology.
    Rationale: An open abdomen complicated with small-bowel fistulae becomes a complex wound for local infection, systemic sepsis and persistent soiling irritation by intestinal content. While controlling the fistulae drainage, protecting surrounding skin, healing the wound maybe a challenge.

    Patient Concerns: In this paper we described a 68-year-old female was admitted to emergency surgery in general surgery department with severe abdomen pain. Read More

    A rare large cutaneous chondroid syringoma involving a toe: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(5):e9825
    PET Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University.
    Rationale: Chondroid syringoma (CS) occurs mostly on the face and neck, and rarely occurs in the toe. Malignant CS is invasive, grows quickly, and has a high recurrence rate. The presence of a bilobed CS in 1 toe has never been reported in the literature. Read More

    [Effects of microRNA-34a on regulating silent information regulator 1 and influence of the factor on myocardial damage of rats with severe burns at early stage].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2018 Jan;34(1):21-28
    Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
    To explore the effects of microRNA-34a on regulating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and influence of SIRT1 on myocardial damage of rats with severe burns at early stage. (1) Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into sham injury (SI) group, simple burns (SB) group and SIRT1 agonist (SA) group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 8 rats in each group. Rats in groups SB and SA were inflicted with 30% total body surface area full-thickness scald (hereinafter referred to as burns) on the back, and rats in group SI were sham injuried on the back. Read More

    Molecular mechanisms of cell death: recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death 2018.
    Cell Death Differ 2018 Mar 23;25(3):486-541. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
    Paris Descartes/Paris V University, Paris, France.
    Over the past decade, the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death (NCCD) has formulated guidelines for the definition and interpretation of cell death from morphological, biochemical, and functional perspectives. Since the field continues to expand and novel mechanisms that orchestrate multiple cell death pathways are unveiled, we propose an updated classification of cell death subroutines focusing on mechanistic and essential (as opposed to correlative and dispensable) aspects of the process. As we provide molecularly oriented definitions of terms including intrinsic apoptosis, extrinsic apoptosis, mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT)-driven necrosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, pyroptosis, parthanatos, entotic cell death, NETotic cell death, lysosome-dependent cell death, autophagy-dependent cell death, immunogenic cell death, cellular senescence, and mitotic catastrophe, we discuss the utility of neologisms that refer to highly specialized instances of these processes. Read More

    Metabolic reprogramming in keloid fibroblasts: Aerobic glycolysis and a novel therapeutic strategy.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 02 11;496(2):641-647. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, China.
    Keloids, tumor-like fibroproliferative cutaneous lesions, were reported in metabolic disturbance. However, the metabolic character remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine if glycolytic reprogramming is important for the pathogenesis of keloids and to assess the inhibition potential of glycolysis in keloid treatment. Read More

    The Use of Ultrasonography to Identify the Intersection of the Dorsomedial Cutaneous Nerve of the Hallux and the Extensor Hallucis Longus Tendon: A Cadaveric Study.
    J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Mar - Apr;57(2):296-300. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Professor and Vice Chair and Director of Anatomy Division, Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Laboratory Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV.
    Terminal branches of the superficial fibular nerve are at risk of iatrogenic damage during foot surgery, including hallux valgus rigidus correction, bunionectomy, cheilectomy, and extensor hallucis longus tendon transfer. One terminal branch, the dorsomedial cutaneous nerve of the hallux, is particularly at risk of injury at its intersection with the extensor hallucis longus tendon. Iatrogenic injuries of the dorsomedial cutaneous nerve of the hallux can result in sensory loss, neuroma formation, and/or debilitating causalgia. Read More

    [A modified implant for upper eyelid ptosis correction in frontalis suspension surgery].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017;133(6):69-75
    Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogriazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.
    Aim: to develop a modified implant to correct ptosis through brow suspension and to evaluate its effectiveness.

    Material And Methods: The clinical group consisted of 20 patients (29 eyes) aged 23 to 69 years (45±5.3 years on the average) and the comparison group - of 20 patients (33 eyes) aged 19 to 77 years (47±9. Read More

    Lumbar to sacral root rerouting to restore bladder function in a feline spinal cord injury model: Urodynamic and retrograde nerve tracing results from a pilot study.
    Neurourol Urodyn 2018 Jan 4;37(1):153-162. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Aims: Lumbar to sacral rerouting surgery can potentially allow voiding via a skin-central nervous system-bladder reflex pathway. Here, we assessed if this surgery was effective in treating neurogenic bladder dysfunction/sphincter in felines.

    Methods: Eight cats underwent spinal cord transection (SCT) at thoracic level 10/11. Read More

    Left extensive infection in the forearm caused by whitlow infected by mycobacterium tuberculosis: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(48):e8992
    Department of Hand Surgery, Wuxi No. 9 People's Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Wuxi, China.
    Introduction: Whitlow is a common disease in clinic, characterized by pain and swelling of finger. However, few articles had reported on extensive infection in the forearm caused by whitlow infected by mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

    Patient Concerns: A 70-year-old Chinese female complained of fester in back of left hand for 5 days. Read More

    The significance of BRAF V600E mutation status discordance between primary cutaneous melanoma and brain metastases: The implications for BRAF inhibitor therapy.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(48):e8404
    To compare BRAF V600E status of primary melanoma and brain metastases to assess for discordance by cross-sectional study, and to evaluate clinical implications on BRAF inhibitor therapy.Brain metastases are common in patients with advanced melanoma. Between 40% and 60% of melanomas demonstrate BRAF mutations, BRAF V600E being most common. Read More

    Peripheral Nerve Injury Associated with a Subdermal Contraceptive Implant: Illustrative Cases and Systematic Review of Literature.
    World Neurosurg 2018 Mar 5;111:317-325. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Institut Locomoteur, Hôpital Pierre-Paul Riquet, Toulouse, France.
    Background: Despite demonstrable safety and efficacy of subdermal contraceptive implants (SCIs), both insertion and removal of SCIs in the arm have been associated with neurovascular complications. The aim of this study was to investigate type and prognosis of nerve injuries associated with SCIs.

    Methods: We performed a comprehensive search of 4 electronic databases for studies pertaining to patients with nerve injury and concurrent SCI. Read More

    Quantifying Lateral Frontal Sinus Access: The Upper Blepharoplasty Approach.
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Mar 3;127(3):155-161. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, USA.
    Objective: Despite advances in technology and instrumentation, access to the lateral frontal sinus remains a challenge for surgeons. We sought to quantify the reach and applicability of the upper blepharoplasty approach (UBA) to the frontal sinus.

    Methods: Twelve cadaveric specimens were obtained for anatomic research and frontal sinuses divided into 3 zones. Read More

    A Hairy Situation: Laser Hair Removal after Oral Reconstruction.
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Mar 31;127(3):205-208. Epub 2017 Dec 31.
    4 Department of Dermatology and Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.
    Objectives: To present a case series of 4 patients who underwent postoperative hair removal using the long-pulsed Alexandrite or Nd:YAG laser following intraoral cutaneous flap reconstruction.

    Methods: Patients underwent epilation in dermatology clinic with long-pulsed Alexandrite or Nd:YAG lasers, spaced 8 weeks apart, until hair removal was achieved.

    Results: All patients achieved improvement in hair removal regardless of initial flap donor site with significant improvement in quality of life and minimal side effects. Read More

    Prolonged skin grafts survival time by IFN-γ in allogeneic skin transplantation model during acute rejection through IFN-γ/STAT3/IDO pathway in epidermal layer.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 02 28;496(2):436-442. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, 710032, China. Electronic address:
    Allogeneic skin transplantation is the life-saving therapy for multiple diseases, including extensive burn, large-scale trauma and certain post-surgical complications. However, acute rejection impedes clinical application of allogeneic skin transplantation. Although a lot of novel immunosuppressant drugs have been developed, there is still great need for ideal therapy with less complication and more therapeutic effects. Read More

    Branchial anomalies in children: A report of 105 surgical cases.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jan 29;104:14-18. Epub 2017 Oct 29.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200062, China. Electronic address:
    Background: Branchial anomalies (BAs) account for 20% of all congenital masses in children. We sought to review the incidence of involvement of individual anomalies, diagnostic methods, surgical treatment, and complications of BAs in children. In addition, we also classified our study and analyzed a congenital lower neck cutaneous fistula near the sternoclavicular joint that was thought to be the skin-side remnant of the fourth BAs. Read More

    The Best of Abdominal Wall Reconstruction.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 01;141(1):113e-136e
    Leicester, United Kingdom; and Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University Hospitals of Leicester; and the Department of Surgery, Section of Plastic Surgery, Health Sciences Center, University of Manitoba.
    Learning Objectives: After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to: 1. List major risk factors for hernia formation and for failure of primary repair. 2. Read More

    Microbial Evaluation in Capsular Contracture of Breast Implants.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 01;141(1):23-30
    Naples, Italy From the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, the Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Virology and Microbiology, Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli; the Unit of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Università Federico II; and the Department of Public Health.
    Background: Capsular contracture around breast implants is a severe and unpredictable complication experienced by up to 50 percent of patients after breast augmentation and reconstruction, and represents a major cause leading to reoperation. Several lines of evidence point to the involvement of subclinical infections and of bacterial biofilm formation.

    Methods: To reduce the incidence of capsular contracture following mammaplasty, the authors studied the correlation between contamination by exogenous and endogenous bacterial flora and the capacity to develop bacterial biofilm in mammary implants. Read More

    A Case of Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma Treated with Cisplatin and Adriamycin.
    J Nippon Med Sch 2017 ;84(6):286-290
    Department of Dermatology, Nippon Medical School.
    A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of an ulcer that had been growing on his back for 10 years. Physical examination showed an ulcerated tumor from the neck to the back and swollen cervical lymph nodes. The tumor size was 12×9 cm. Read More

    SIRT1 regulates inflammation response of macrophages in sepsis mediated by long noncoding RNA.
    Biochim Biophys Acta 2018 03 19;1864(3):784-792. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address:
    Molecular mechanisms for macrophage immune responses modulated by SIRT1 during sepsis remain unclear. Here, we show that SIRT1 expression is down-regulated in macrophages from mouse sepsis model or LPS stimulation. SIRT1 expression in macrophages correlates with low levels of a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA)-NONMMUT003701 [named as lncRNA-CCL2]. Read More

    Periorbital leiomyosarcoma treated by means of conventional surgery and frontal myocutaneous flap.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 ;92(5 Suppl 1):118-120
    Department of Oncology at Hospital São Vicente de Paulo - João Pessoa (PB), Brazil.
    Cutaneous leiomyosarcoma is a rare neoplasia, and its periorbital presentation is rather uncommon. We present a case of a male patient who was surgically treated, with the reconstruction performed with a frontal myocutaneous flap. The patient has been followed up for one year with adequate oncologic control and good aesthetic outcome. Read More

    Venous stent placement ameliorates cutaneous microvascular function in iliocaval venous obstruction.
    J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2018 Jan 22;6(1):57-65. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: The role of cutaneous microvascular dysfunction is well known in the development of chronic venous disease. However, the effects of venous obstruction on microcirculation have not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to assess cutaneous microvascular function in patients with iliocaval venous obstruction (ICVO) before and after venous stent placement. Read More

    Anterior Elbow Pain Caused by Compression of the Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve.
    J Orthop Case Rep 2017 Sep-Oct;7(5):63-66
    Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital South Manchester, UK.
    Introduction: The complex anatomy and biomechanics of the elbow joint can lead to diagnostic uncertainty when a clinician is determining the cause of a patient's anterior elbow pain. We present a case of anterior elbow pain with an uncommon and often overlooked etiology. Elbow pain due to compression of the lateral antebrachial nerve (LACN) has an unknown incidence or prevalence. Read More

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