Anal Sci 2021 ;37(3):447-453
Mechanical Systems and Engineering, Graduate School Systems Design, Tokyo Metropolitan University.
To establish a guideline for the design of cell culture substrates to control human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation, we quantitatively characterized the heterogeneity in the responsiveness of MSCs to the elastic modulus of culture substrates. We analyzed the elastic modulus-dependent dynamics of a mechanotransducer, YAP, and an osteogenic differentiation factor, RUNX2, in three different MSC lots using a styrenated gelatin gel with controllable elastic modulus. The percentage of cells with YAP in the nucleus increased linearly with increases in the elastic modulus, reaching a plateau at 10 kPa for all the lots analyzed. Read More