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    3786 results match your criteria Anales de Pediatria [Journal]

    1 OF 76

    [The situation as regards diabetes mellitus type 1 in Andalusia. Care data, use of advanced therapies and human resources].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Hospital Materno Infantil Carlos Haya, Málaga, España; Grupo IBIMA. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The representation of Spain in European epidemiological studies on diabetes is limited, with only one centre in the Hvidoere study and another in the SWEET study. No Spanish studies have been published that combine epidemiological data and care resources. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological data, care resources, and use of new technologies in all Andalusian hospitals that care for children with Diabetes Mellitus type 1 (DM1) under 14 years. Read More

    [Validation study of an acute bronchiolitis severity scale to determine admission to a Paediatric Care Unit].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Pediatría, Grupo de Investigación IBIMA, Hospital Materno-Infantil Regional Universitario de Málaga, Málaga, España.
    Introduction: At present, there are few validated scoring tests for assessing acute bronchiolitis (AB) severity, and limited information on their test power. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the validity of an acute bronchiolitis severity score (ABSS) to help in deciding PICU admission.

    Patients And Method: Prospective, descriptive, observational study of previously healthy infants under 1 year of age with AB, where the ABSS was used to compare severity as regards the need for PICU admission. Read More

    [A comparison of post-surgical plasma glucose levels in patients on fluids with different glucose concentrations].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Cuidados Críticos y Urgencias Pediátricas, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, España.
    Objective: To compare plasma glucose levels and incidence of hyperglycaemia in the post-operative period after general surgery using fluids with different glucose.

    Methodology: A randomised, open-label, non-blind, clinical trial was conducted on patients admitted to Paediatric Intensive Care Unit after elective surgery. The inclusion criteria were from 6 months to 14 years of age, with a weight greater than 6kg, onset glucose level >60mg/dL, and a signed informed consent, with no oral intake and maintenance intravenous fluid therapy using fluids with 3. Read More

    [Evaluation of dysphagia. Results after one year of incorporating videofluoroscopy into its study introduction].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 9. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Servicio de Neumología Pediátrica, Hospital Infantil Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, España.
    Introduction: Dysphagia is very common in children with neurological disabilities. These patients usually suffer from respiratory and nutritional problems. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is the most recommended test to evaluate dysphagia, as it shows the real situation during swallowing. Read More

    [Spanish translation and validation of the EMPATHIC-30 questionnaire to measure parental satisfaction in intensive care units].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 3. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Plymouth University, Plymouth, Reino Unido.
    Introduction: Few validated surveys measuring parental satisfaction in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) are available, and none of them in Spanish language. The aim of this study is to translate and validate the questionnaire EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC). This questionnaire measures parental perceptions of paediatric intensive care-related satisfaction items in the Spanish language. Read More

    [Prevalence of breastfeeding and factors associated with the start and duration of exclusive breastfeeding in the Community of Madrid among participants in the ELOIN].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 2. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Servicio de Epidemiología, Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: Breastfeeding has important benefits for population health. The aims of this study are: (i)to determine the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding; (ii)analyse the reasons for not starting or abandoning of breastfeeding, and (iii)describe the factors associated with the initiation and duration of exclusive breastfeeding.

    Material And Methods: Cross sectional study using the baseline data of the ELOIN cohort, obtained using an epidemiological questionnaire. Read More

    [Prevalence of malnutrition in Spanish schoolchildren].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Subdirección de Información sobre Saúde e Epidemioloxía, Dirección Xeral de Saúde Pública, Consellería de Sanidade, Xunta de Galicia, Santiago de Compostela, La Coruña, España.
    Introduction And Aims: The term malnutrition includes malnutrition due to excess or obesity, underweight as well as stunted growth. Its prevalence in a population can be estimated using anthropometric variables. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition in Galician schoolchildren aged 6 to 15years in the school year 2013-2014. Read More

    [Late preterm infants in Spain: Experience of the 34-36 Neonatal Group].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Grupo SEN34-36/ACUNA, Sociedad Española de Neonatología, España; Servicio Neonatología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España.
    Introduction: Late preterm (LP) infants (34 -36 weeks of gestation) are the largest group of preterm infants and also the least studied so far. In order to improve their care and reduce the impact of their increased morbidity and mortality, it is essential to know the current situation in Spain.

    Population And Method: Clinical-epidemiological variables of the LP population of 34 participating hospitals were prospectively collected from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2016, and were then compared with the Minimum Perinatal Data Set for term births in the database. Read More

    [Experience with infections in the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos, Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España.
    Objective: To identify risk factors associated with infectious complications acquired by paediatric patients during extracorporeal life support (ECLS).

    Patients And Methods: Patients under ECLS from January 2011 to December 2014 have been retrospectively reviewed and data on demographics, care and infectious complications were collected.

    Results: There were 50 ECLS assistances in the study period, of which 20 patients had 23 infectious complications: 16 were bloodstream infections, with coagulase negative staphylococci being the predominant isolate (there were 2 cases of candidaemia). Read More

    [Pulse oximetry screening of critical congenital heart defects in the neonatal period. The Spanish National Neonatal Society recommendation].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Sep 29. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
    Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, España.
    Due to its severity, as well as the consequences of a late diagnosis, critical congenital heart defects (CCHD) represent a challenging situation, making an early diagnosis necessary and ideally before symptoms appear when circulatory collapse or death of the newborn can occur. Due to this, a prenatal and very early postnatal diagnosis is very important. Prenatal ultrasound screening and physical examination of the newborn can miss a considerable number of CCHD cases. Read More

    [Comparative genomic hybridisation as a first option in genetic diagnosis: 1,000 cases and a cost-benefit analysis].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Sep 25. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Àrea de Genètica Clínica i Molecular, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España; Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, España.
    Background And Objective: Conventional cytogenetics diagnoses 3-5% of patients with unexplained developmental delay/intellectual disability and/or multiple congenital anomalies. The Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification increases diagnostic rates from between 2.4 to 5. Read More

    [Spanish collaborative study: Description of usual clinical practice in infant obesity].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Departamento de Pediatría, Radiología y Medicina Física, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Zaragoza, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España; ciberobn isciii. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Childhood obesity is a high prevalence health problem. Although there are clinical guidelines for its management, there is variability in its clinical approach. The aim of this study is to describe the usual clinical practice in Paediatric Endocrinology Units in Spain and to evaluate if it resembles the recommended guidelines. Read More

    [Influence of demographic changes on the number of visits to hospital emergency departments: 13 years experience].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Sección de Pediatría, Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, España.
    Objective: The aim of the present study is to describe the trend in volume and age-specific rates in visits to the Paediatric Emergency Department of a university teaching hospital in Cantabria (Spain) from January 2001 to December 2013, and evaluate the influence of population growth on Emergency Department use.

    Material And Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in which an analysis was made on all Emergency Department visits over a 13 year period. Simple and polynomial linear regressions were used to assess the relationship between population size and Emergency Department attendance rates across 2 age groups (0-2 and 3-14 years). Read More

    [Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Servicio de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is highly prevalent in children and a major public health problem. An attempt is made to determine the clinical and polysomnographic presentation of paediatric OSA in our area.

    Patients And Methods: Retrospective descriptive study of sleep tests conducted on children up to 14 years-old from 1999 to 2012 in the Sleep Unit of the University Hospital of Albacete. Read More

    [Hand eczema in children. Clinical and epidemiological study of the population referred to a tertiary hospital].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 21. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España.
    Introduction: Hand eczema is a frequent disease in adults. Diagnosing the cause of hand eczema is difficult due to different classifications. There is lack of evidence on hand eczema and its causes in children. Read More

    [Lower lymphocyte response in severe cases of acute bronchiolitis due to respiratory syncytial virus].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 14. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Pediatría, Grupo de Investigación IBIMA, Hospital Materno-Infantil Regional Universitario de Málaga, Málaga, España.
    Introduction: Acute bronchiolitis (AB) of the infant has a serious outcome in 6-16% of the hospital admitted cases. Its pathogenesis and evolution is related to the response of the T lymphocytes. The objective of the present study is to determine if the lower systemic lymphocytic response is related to a worse outcome of AB in hospitalised infants. Read More

    [Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis: Observational study in a paediatric emergency care unit].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Servicio de Urgencias Pediátricas, Hospital Infantil Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants with Hirschsprung's disease. The fact that the symptoms are so variable and unspecific leads to a slow or incorrect diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to identify clinical factors associated with the diagnosis, as well as to evaluate the subsequent management of children with suspected Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis in a paediatric emergency department. Read More

    [Impact of air pollution in paediatric consultations in Primary Health Care: Ecological study].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Sección de Pediatría, Hospital Infantil del Niño Jesús, Madrid, España. Electronic address:
    Objective: To study the correlation between the levels of environmental pollutants and the number of paediatric consultations related to respiratory disease in Primary Health Care.

    Patients And Methods: An ecological study is performed, in which the dependent variable analysed was the number of paediatric consultations in an urban Primary Health Care centre in Madrid over a 3 year period (2013-2015), and specifically the consultations related to bronchiolitis, recurrent bronchospasm, and upper respiratory diseases. The independent variables analysed were the levels of environmental pollutants. Read More

    [Diagnosis and treatment of acute pharyngitis -Is there any benefit on ten-day course of antibiotics?]
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Aug 3. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Pediátrico, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Introduction: In group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis a ten-day course of amoxicillin is recommended. However, short-course treatments seem to be equally effective. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate and compare the outcome of patients treated with 7-day course and 10-day course of amoxicillin. Read More

    [Incidence of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy and use of therapeutic hypothermia in Spain].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 29. Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Unidad de Neonatología, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, España; Fundación NeNe, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: There are no data on the incidence of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) and the implementation of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in Spain.

    Methods: This is a cross-sectional, national study, performed using an on-line questionnaire targeting level III neonatal care units in Spain. Participants were requested to provide data of all newborns ≥ 35 weeks of gestational age diagnosed with moderate-severe HIE over a two year-period (2012-2013), and of the implementation of TH up to June 2015. Read More

    [2017 pneumococcal vaccine recommendations of the Spanish Association of Paediatrics. Authors reply].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Sep 25;87(3):181-182. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Infectología Pediátrica e Inmunodeficiencias, Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Pediatría, Hospital Materno-Infantil, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga, Málaga, España; Grupo de Investigación IBIMA, Málaga, España; Departamento de Pediatría y Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, España. Electronic address:

    [Karyptype 48,XXXY/49,XXXXY and proximal radioulnar synostosis].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 24. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Servicio de Endocrinología, Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, España; Departamento de Pediatría, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, España; CIBEROBN Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España.

    [Preparation of sedation-analgesia procedures in spanish paediatric emergency departments: A descriptive study].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 24. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Servicio de Urgencias Pediátricas, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: The objective of this study was to describe the current practice regarding the preparation of the sedation-analgesia (SA) procedures performed in the paediatric emergency centres in Spain.

    Material And Methods: A multicentre, observational and prospective analytical study was carried out on the SA procedures that were performed on children under 18 years-old in 18 paediatric emergency departments between February 2015 and January 2016.

    Results: A total of 658 SA procedures were registered in 18 hospitals of Spain, most of them to children older than 24 months. Read More

    [Tuberculosis treatment for children: An update].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 18. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    Red Española de Estudio de la Tuberculosis Pediátrica (pTBred), España; Sociedad Española de Infectología Pediátrica (SEIP), España; Red Española de Investigación Traslacional en Infectología Pediátrica (RITIP), España.
    Tuberculosis (TB) is the most important infectious disease all over the world, with a high morbidity and mortality. Pediatric tuberculosis has been a neglected epidemic, due to the difficulties in assessing its global impact, reduced incidence and lower infectivity compared to adults. In 2015, the WHO reported 1 million cases of paediatric TB and 169,000 deaths. Read More

    [Testicular tumours in children: Indications for testis-sparing surgery].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Departamento de Cirugía Pediátrica, Servicio de Urología infantil, Hospital La Paz, Madrid, España.
    Introduction And Objectives: Although standard surgical treatment of a testicular tumour is orchiectomy, use can be made of testis-sparing surgery in selected cases, based on tumour markers, tumour size, and histopathological findings. Our objective is to become acquainted with the indications of testis-sparing surgery as a treatment for the incidental finding of a palpable and non-palpable testicular mass.

    Material And Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 22 patients younger than 18 years diagnosed with a testicular tumour between 2000 and 2014. Read More

    [Hypophosphatasia: Clinical manifestations, diagnostic recommendations and therapeutic options].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 15. Epub 2017 Jul 15.
    Servicio de Endocrinología, Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria La Princesa, Departamento de Pediatría, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España; Instituto de Alimentación IMDEA, CEI UAM+CSIC, Madrid, España.
    Hypophosphatasia is a very rare bone metabolism disorder caused by a deficiency in alkaline phosphatase activity, due to mutations in the ALPL gene. Its clinical hallmark is the impairment of skeletal and teeth mineralisation, although extra-skeletal manifestations are frequent. Its phenotypic spectrum is widely variable from a subtype with exclusive odontological impairment (odontohypophosphatasia) to five subtypes with systemic involvement, classified according to the age at the onset of the first symptoms (four of them in the paediatric age range: perinatal lethal, perinatal benign, infant and childhood hypophosphatasia). Read More

    [Appropriateness of antibiotic prescribing in paediatric patients in a hospital emergency department].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 12. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    UGC Atención a la Mujer y al Niño, Hospital de la Merced, Osuna (Sevilla), España.
    Introduction: Antibiotics represent one of the most widely prescribed therapeutic agents in children. It has been estimated that 30-50% of antibiotic prescriptions for this population are inappropriate. In this scenario, analysis of prescription data provides an invaluable source of information as a basis for implementing strategies for improvement in this field. Read More

    [Congenital heart disease mortality in Spain during a 10 year period (2003-2012)].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 12. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Cardiología Infantil, Área de Pediatría y Neonatología, Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Alcorcón (Madrid), España.
    Introduction And Objectives: Congenital heart disease is a major cause of infant mortality in developed countries. In Spain, there are no publications at national level on mortality due to congenital heart disease. The aim of this study is to analyse mortality in infants with congenital heart disease, lethality of different types of congenital heart disease, and their variation over a ten-year period. Read More

    [Do children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a diferent gait pattern? Relationship between idiopathic toe-walking and ADHD].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 10. Epub 2017 Jul 10.
    Servicio de Rehabilitación, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, España.
    Introduction: Idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) is described as a gait pattern with no contact between the heels and the ground in children older than 3years. The diagnosis is clinical, making it necessary to rule out other neurological and orthopaedic conditions. A relationship between ITW and vestibular dysfunction and/or proprioceptive sensibility has been proposed. Read More

    [Reduced-intensity conditioning haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in genetic diseases: Experience of the Spanish Working Group for Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 7. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    Unidad Pediátrica de Trasplante Hematopoyético, Hospital Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universidad Autónoma, Barcelona, España.
    Introduction: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) involves implanting cellular elements capable of generating a new and healthy haematopoietic system. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) consists of an immunosuppressive treatment to facilitate a progressive implant with lower morbidity. This type of conditioning can also lead to myelosuppression, which is potentially reversible over time. Read More

    [Materials for the paediatric resuscitation trolley or backpack: Expert recommendations].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Emérito SAS. Asociado a UGC Críticos y Urgencias Pediátricas. Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga. Grupo Español de Reanimación Cardiopulmonar Pediátrica y Neonatal.
    Cardio-respiratory arrest (CPA) is infrequent in children, but it can occur in any place and at any time. This fact means that every health care facility must always have the staff and material ready to resuscitate a child. These recommendations are the consensus of experts of the Spanish Paediatric and Neonatal Resuscitation Group on the material and medication for paediatric and neonatal resuscitation and their distribution and use. Read More

    [The epidemiology of pharmacologically treated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the Region of Murcia, Spain: Differences by gender, age and location of residence].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2017 Jul 4. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Departamento de Ciencias Sociosanitarias, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, España; MIB-Arrixaca, CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Murcia, España.
    Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequent disorder in childhood and adolescence, and is seen as a public health problem. The recommended treatment includes pharmacological and psychosocial treatment. The aim of this work was to study the changes in the prescribing of the medicines used in ADHD treatment in the Region of Murcia, as well as their socio-demographic variability. Read More

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