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    2221 results match your criteria Anais brasileiros de dermatologia[Journal]

    1 OF 45

    Density of mast cells and intensity of pruritus in psoriasis vulgaris: a cross sectional study.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):368-372
    Service of Dermatology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Background: Psoriasis is a chronic and prevalent disease, and the associated pruritus is a common, difficult-to-control symptom. The mediators involved in psoriatic pruritus have not been fully established.

    Objective: To evaluate associations between the number of mast cells in psoriatic lesions and the intensity of pruritus. Read More

    Adult linear IgA bullous dermatosis: report of three cases.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):435-437
    Department of Dermatology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
    Linear immunoglobulin A bullous dermatosis is a rare autoimmune disease that usually has an excellent prognosis in childhood; however, its control is more difficult in adults. It presents heterogeneous clinical manifestations and is frequently confused with other bullous diseases such as bullous pemphigoid and Duhring's dermatitis herpetiformis. Dermatologists' awareness of this disease contributes to early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Pigmented purpura and cutaneous vascular occlusion syndromes.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):397-404
    Dermatology Department, University Hospital "Dr. José Eleuterio González", Nuevo León, México, México.
    Purpura is defined as a visible hemorrhage in the skin or mucosa, which is not evanescent upon pressure. Proper classification allows a better patient approach due to its multiple diagnoses. Purpuras can be categorized by size, morphology, and other characteristics. Read More

    Hereditary melanoma: a five-year study of Brazilian patients in a cancer referral center - phenotypic characteristics of probands and pathological features of primary tumors.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):337-340
    Skin Cancer Department, AC Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Approximately five to 10% of all melanomas occur in families with hereditary predisposition and the main high-risk melanoma susceptibility gene is the CDKN2A.

    Objectives: To describe, after a five-years study, the clinical data of patients (probands) from familial melanoma kindreds, and the pathological characteristics of their melanoma.

    Methods: The inclusion criteria were melanoma patients with a family history of melanoma or pancreatic cancer (first- or second-degree relatives) or patients with multiple primary melanomas (MPM). Read More

    Epidemiological profile of leprosy reactions in a referral center in Campinas (SP), Brazil, 2010-2015.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):460-461
    Leprosy Clinic, Dermatology Residency, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Leprosy patients can present reactions during the course of the disease. There are no official data on these reactions in Brazil. We aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients with such reactions, analyzing information from patient records at a referral center in Campinas (SP), from 2010 to 2015. Read More

    Relationship between bacilloscopy and operational classification of Hansen's disease in patients with reactions.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):454-456
    Service of Dermatology, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Leprosy can be classified according to its operational form as paucibacillary or multibacillary. Bacilloscopy integrates its diagnostic armamentarium. Patients with the disease may present leprosy reactions. Read More

    Evaluation of dermal collagen stained with picrosirius red and examined under polarized light microscopy.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):415-418
    Department of Veterinary, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
    The special picrosirius red staining highlights the natural birefringence of collagen fibers when exposed to polarized light. The results from birefringence allow to evaluate the organization of the collagen fibers in the tissues. The authors intend to elucidate all steps to obtain and capture images of histological sections stained with picrosirius red and evaluated under polarized light microscopy, as well as possible artefacts that may occur. Read More

    Recurrent aphthous ulceration: an epidemiological study of etiological factors, treatment and differential diagnosis.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):341-346
    Oral Pathology Post-Graduation Program, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil.
    Background: Recurrent aphthous ulcerations are common benign ulcerated lesions on the mouth, whose etiology is poorly understood, with controversial treatment and difficult to control in clinical practice.

    Objective: To evaluate the cases of recurrent aphthous ulcerations with a focus on treatment, diagnosis and etiology.

    Methods: This is a retrospective study of the cases of the Oral Diagnosis service of the Rio Grande do Norte Federal University in Natal/RN. Read More

    Nasal-type extranodal T-cell/NK lymphoma in association with hemophagocytic syndrome.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):422-425
    Department of Pathology, Instituto Nacional do Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type is a rare disease that mainly affects the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses of males in the fifth decade of life. It has aggressive and locally destructive behaviour, and can be complicated by the hemophagocytic syndrome, conferring high lethality to the disease. This article describes a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type in a previously healthy patient, exemplifying its rapid and fulminant course. Read More

    Treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis with thermotherapy in Brazil: an efficacy and safety study.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):347-355
    Department of Community Medicine, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil.
    Background: Pentavalent antimonials remain as the standard drugs in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniosis. The high cost, difficult administration, long treatment time, toxicity and increasing morbidity are factors that limit the use of these drugs.

    Objectives: To describe the response to radiofrequency thermotherapy in the treatment of localized cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil, and to evaluate its safety and tolerability. Read More

    Evaluation of the presence of allergens in children's products available for sale in a big city.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):457-459
    Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Children's products are considered safe by the general population and doctors. Labels with terms such as "hypoallergenic" or "dermatologically recommended and tested" denote trust and credibility with the idea that they can be used by any individual. Patients with allergic contact dermatitis may be sensitive to allergens present in any product, including children's. Read More

    Clinical trial for uniform multidrug therapy for leprosy patients in Brazil (U-MDT/CT-BR): adverse effects approach.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):377-384
    Universidade Nilton Linsm, Manaus, AM, Brazil.
    Background: The Clinical Trial for Uniform Multidrug Therapy for Leprosy Patients in Brazil (U-MDT/CT-BR), designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a six-months regimen, assessed the adverse effects caused by the drugs.

    Objective: Describe adverse effects due to MDT in U-MDT/CT-BR, comparing the uniform regimen (U-MDT) to the current WHO regimen (R-MDT).

    Patients And Methods: After operational classification, patients were randomly allocated to the study groups. Read More

    Tuberous sclerosis complex: review based on new diagnostic criteria.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):323-331
    Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystemic, autosomal dominant genetic disorder with complete penetrance, that can evolve with hamartomas in multiple organs, such as skin, central nervous system, kidney and lung. Due to the wide phenotypic variability, the disease is often not recognized. Tuberous sclerosis complex affects one in 10,000 newborns and most patients are diagnosed during the first 15 months of life. Read More

    Unilateral acne after facial palsy.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):441-442
    Clínica Vespucio, Santiago, Chile.
    We describe a case of unilateral acne which appeared after an episode of facial nerve palsy. An 18-year-old female patient presented with papules and pustules predominantly located on the side where the facial paralysis occurred. The patient suffered right facial paralysis, which was treated with prednisone and kinesiotherapy with massages, electrostimulation, and infrared light. Read More

    Dermoscopic features of clear cell acanthoma.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):449-450
    Pathology Division, Instituto Nacional do Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Clear cell acanthoma is an uncommon type of benign epithelial tumor. Typically, it is a solitary lesion found on the lower limbs. It presents as a nodule or small plaque with slow and well-defined growth. Read More

    Development and validation of a multidimensional questionnaire for evaluating quality of life in melasma (HRQ-melasma).
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):391-396
    Department of Dermatology, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Melasma has a major impact on quality of life. MELASQoL is the only validated specific psychometric instrument to evaluate melasma QoL.

    Objective: To develop and validate a multidimensional questionnaire for evaluating quality of life related to facial melasma. Read More

    Analysis of patients diagnosed with primary cutaneous melanoma in the last six years in Hospital Erasto Gaertner: epidemiologic profile.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):332-336
    Service of Skin and Melanoma, Hospital Erasto Gaertner, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Background: Melanoma is one of the conditions with greater increase in incidence worldwide in recent decades. It is a skin cancer with potential high lethality and predominates in Caucasian adults. Treatment of primary cutaneous melanoma is essentially surgical and search for sentinel lymph node can modify the aggressiveness of the treatment. Read More

    Presence of Candida spp. and candidiasis in liver transplant patients.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):356-361
    Department of Clinical and Surgical Nursing, Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Candidiasis is the most common opportunistic fungal infection of the oral cavity caused by fungi of the genus Candida and usually associated with immunosuppressed individuals.

    Objectives: To evaluate the presence of oral candidiasis and identify the presence of Candida spp. in liver transplant recipients and assess the association between the presence of the fungus and sociodemographic variables, dietary habits and environmental exposure. Read More

    Prevalence of dermatological complaints in patients undergoing treatment for breast cancer.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):362-367
    Medical Specialties Outpatient Clinic, Department of Medicine, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC, Brazil.
    Background: Internal malignancies such as breast cancer, as well as their treatment can often result in skin changes.

    Objective: To assess the prevalence of dermatological complaints in patients who are undergoing oncological treatment for breast cancer in a hospital in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

    Methods: Observational, cross-sectional study, from October 2015 to February 2016 in which 152 patients with the diagnosis of breast cancer, undergoing treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and/or surgery, were interviewed and completed a research protocol developed by the author. Read More

    Exuberant case of cutaneous metastasis of breast cancer.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):429-431
    Dermatology Service, Hospital Universitário Cassiano Antônio Moraes, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, Brazil.
    Cutaneous metastasis is the main cause of morbidity and mortality of cancer patients, denoting a guarded prognosis. The clinical spectrum of the disease is broad and can mimic benign conditions. The diagnosis depends on thorough clinical examination and complementary exams, with emphasis on the histopathological study and immunohistochemistry. Read More

    Solitary plantar basal cell carcinoma.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):419-421
    Dermatologic Surgery Service, Hospital Heliópolis, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent skin cancer, generally located in hair-bearing, sunlight-exposed areas. Basal cell carcinoma usually occurs on the head and neck, but very rarely on extra-facial locations. We report a case of a 65-year-old woman presenting with a solitary non-healing ulcer on the sole of the right foot for two years. Read More

    Case for diagnosis. Erythroderma as manifestation of hypereosinophilic syndrome.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):451-453
    Department of Dermatology, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
    Hypereosinophilic syndrome is defined as persistent eosinophilia (>1500/µL for more than six months) associated with organ involvement, excluding secondary causes. It is a rare, potentially lethal disease that should be considered in cutaneous conditions associated with hypereosinophilia. We report a case of erythroderma as a manifestation of hypereosinophilic syndrome. Read More

    Dermoscopy in tinea manuum.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):447-448
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Dermatology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Tinea manuum is a dermatophytosis which is often mistaken for other keratodermas, especially palmar psoriasis and chronic hand eczema. We report the use of dermoscopy as a diagnostic aid in a case of tinea manuum. The dermoscopic clue turned out to be the presence of whitish scaling located mainly in the furrows. Read More

    Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn: clinical and histopathological correlation.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):412-414
    Department of Pathology, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is a rare benign panniculitis found in term and post-term neonates. Diagnosis is based on clinical characteristics and specific alterations in the adipocytes, detected by anatomical pathology. Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn can occur in uncomplicated pregnancy and childbirth. Read More

    Melanoma: clinical, evolutive and histopathological characteristics of a series of 136 cases.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):373-376
    Department of Pathology, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
    Background: The incidence of melanoma has been increasing in Brazil and all over the world. Despite improvements in diagnosis and treatment, mortality remains unchanged.

    Objective: To associate clinical and histopathological aspects with the evolution of 136 cases of cutaneous melanoma. Read More

    Genital angiokeratoma in a woman with Fabry disease: the dermatologist's role.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):426-428
    Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Fabry disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder, inherited in an X-linked manner. It is characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase, leading to a buildup of glycosphingolipids in the cells. Angiokeratoma is one of the cutaneous manifestations of this condition, and it helps making the diagnosis. Read More

    Tazarotene gel with narrow-band UVB phototherapy: a synergistic combination in psoriasis.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):385-390
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Pandit B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
    Background: Narrow-band UVB (NB-UVB) has been shown to be one of the most effective treatment modalities for psoriasis. Tazarotene, a known effective anti-psoriatic modality, when combined with NB-UVB may enhance the therapeutic success.

    Objective: To study clinical efficacy and safety of combination of NB-UVB with topical tazarotene 0. Read More

    Drug susceptibility in emerging fungal infections: tests with fluconazole, itraconazole, and amphotericin B.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):462-464
    Program of Post-Graduation in Pathology, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    The number of new cases of emerging fungal infections has increased considerably in recent years, mainly due to the large number of immunocompromised individuals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of emerging fungi to fluconazole, itraconazole and amphotericin B by disk diffusion method. In 2015, 82 emerging fungi were evaluated in IPB-LACEN/RS and 13 (15. Read More

    Erythrodermic psoriasis and human immunodeficiency virus: association and therapeutic challenges.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):438-440
    School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Erythrodermic psoriasis is a rare but severe type of psoriasis that may be triggered by human immunodeficiency virus infection. We describe the case of a 65-year-old male patient with chronic psoriasis who presents an exacerbation of his condition over a period of two weeks. Because of the severity of his case and subsequent need for systemic therapy, human immunodeficiency virus enzyme immunoassay was performed and tested positive. Read More

    Generalized erythematous and scaly plaques and papules: a rare case of Rosai-Dorfman disease accompanied by multiple myeloma.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):432-434
    Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    A 75-year-old male presented with generalized erythematous, scaly plaques and painless lymphadenopathy. Rosai-Dorfman disease was suspected based on clinical manifestations and confirmed by histopathologic and immune reactivity studies performed on the biopsy obtained from the left supraclavicular lymph node. The patient was also diagnosed with multiple myeloma according to urine electrophoresis, serum light chain assay, and bone marrow biopsy, which were initially performed for evaluation of anemia. Read More

    PHACE syndrome: clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, and management.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):405-411
    Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Infantile hemangioma can be linked to other organ malformations. In 1996, PHACE syndrome was first defined as the association of large and segmental infantile hemangioma, usually on the face, head, or cervical region, with malformations of the posterior fossa of the brain, arterial anomalies of the central nervous system, coarctation of the aorta, cardiac defects, and ocular abnormalities. Over 300 cases of PHACE syndrome have been reported, and it is cconsidered one of the most common neurocutaneous vascular disorders in childhood. Read More

    Recurrent skin ulcer cross-repair and sensory reconstruction in a WRN gene mutational patient.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jun;93(3):443-446
    Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.
    A 37-year-old man complained of a refractory posterior malleolar ulceration on his left ankle. He was diagnosed with Werner syndrome according to the progeroid clinical features and genetic testing. To approach the ulceration, a free flow-through right anterolateral thigh perforator flap with anterolateral thigh cutaneous nerve was harvested. Read More

    Prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):205-211
    Department of Dermatology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankaram, Turkey.
    Background: Coexistence of obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia is defined as metabolic syndrome (MBS), which is among the important risk indicators for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and stroke. Smoking and alcohol consumption are the other factors which lead to an increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease.

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome, smoking and alcohol consumption in psoriasis patients and the relationship between disease severity and these factors. Read More

    An unusual variant of atrophic dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):282-284
    Hospital Universitário Prof. Alberto Antunes, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, AL, Brazil.
    Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is an uncommon neoplasm that is most often seen in young adults. The most common clinical presentation is the protruding form; however, other subtypes are known, such as the atrophic. In 2012 there were only 33 reports of this variant in the literature. Read More

    What does the 4th edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck Tumors (2017) bring new about mucosal melanomas?
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):259-260
    Tiradentes Private Clinic, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil.
    The recently published 4th Edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck Tumors addresses the most relevant and updated aspects of tumor biology, including clinical presentation, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and prognosis of head and neck tumors. The objective of the present study is to compare these updates to the 3rd edition of that book with regard to mucosal melanomas and to highlight the potential factors that differ those tumors from cutaneous melanomas. We observed progress in the understanding of oral and sinonasal mucosal melanomas, which also present themselves, in the molecular scope, differently form cutaneous melanomas. Read More

    The tendency towards the development of psychosexual disorders in androgenetic alopecia according to the different stages of hair loss: a cross-sectional study.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):185-190
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Bagcilar Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Background: Androgenetic alopecia is a common dermatological condition affecting both genders.

    Objective: To evaluate the tendency towards development of psychosexual disorders according to the clinical stages of androgenetic alopecia.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 353 patients of both sexes on different clinical stages of hair loss, and the patients were enquired about self-perception, self-esteem, sexual experiences, anxiety and depression states. Read More

    Lobomycosis: a therapeutic challenge.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):279-281
    Department of Internal Medicine, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Lobomycosis or lacaziosis is a chronic granulomatous fungal infection caused by Lacazia loboi. Most cases are restricted to tropical regions. Transmission is believed to occur through traumatic inoculation in the skin, mainly in exposed areas. Read More

    Oxidative stress in patients with endemic pemphigus foliaceus and healthy subjects with anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):212-215
    Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health & Science University, Oregon, USA.
    Background: Previous studies have shown oxidative stress in pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus, nevertheless, it remains unknown whether a similar response is characteristic of endemic pemphigus foliaceus in Peru.

    Objectives: To determine the oxidative stress response in endemic pemphigus foliaceus patients and subjects with positive for anti-desmoglein1 antibodies (anti-dsg1) from endemic areas of Peru.

    Subjects And Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Read More

    Oral mucosa lesions as atypical manifestation of adult-onset Still´s disease.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):271-273
    Pathological Anatomy Deparment, Clínica Pergamino, Pergamino, Argentina.
    Adult-onset Still's disease is a systemic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by skin rash, spiking fever, arthralgias or arthritis, and leukocytosis. The typical skin rash is evanescent, salmon-pink, nonpruritic and maculopapular, predominantly on the extremities. It is considered one of the major Yamaguchi's criteria in adult-onset Still's disease. Read More

    Gnathostomiasis: an emerging infectious disease relevant to all dermatologists.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):172-180
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Gnathostomiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the third larval stage of nematodes of the genus Gnathostoma. The disease is endemic in some countries around the world. In the American continent, the majority of cases is concentrated in Mexico, Ecuador, and Peru. Read More

    Acute prurigo simplex in humans caused by pigeon lice.
    An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):285-287
    Department of Dermatology and Radiotherapy, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
    Pigeon lice are insects that feed on feathers of these birds; their life cycle includes egg, nymph and adult and they may cause dermatoses in humans. Four persons of the same family, living in an urban area, presented with widespread intensely pruritic erythematous papules. A great number of lice were seen in their house, which moved from a nest of pigeons located on the condenser of the air-conditioning to the dormitory of one of the patients. Read More

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