Pediatr Dermatol 2017 Jun 13. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
Division of Dermatology, Children's National Health System, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia.
Anagen effluvium (AE) is a type of alopecia with hair loss during the growth phase of a hair follicle and is most often associated with cytotoxic chemotherapy. This report describes a case of AE in a critically ill 2-year-old boy who developed cardiorespiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membranous oxygenation. We postulate that the combination of hypotension and hypoxia with subsequent reperfusion triggered an apoptotic cascade in the hair matrix, resulting in AE. Read More