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    1506 results match your criteria Anaerobe[Journal]

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    Genetic identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of clinically isolated anaerobic bacteria: A prospective multicenter surveillance study in Japan.
    Anaerobe 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Shogoin-kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 6068507, Japan; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Kyoto University Hospital, 54 Shogoin-kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 6068507, Japan.
    This prospective multicenter surveillance study was designed to provide antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of clinical anaerobic bacteria with genetic species identification in Japan. In 2014, a total of 526 non-duplicate clinical anaerobic isolates were collected from 11 acute-care hospitals in the Kyoto and Shiga regions of Japan. Genetic identification was performed using 16S rRNA sequencing. Read More

    Molecular analysis of three Clostridium difficile strain genomes isolated from pig farm-related samples.
    Anaerobe 2017 Sep 16. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
    Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic spore-forming bacillus that usually causes gastrointestinal disorders in man and other animal species. Most of the strains isolated from animals are toxigenic being the virulent ribotype (RT) 078 predominant in several animal species. Although C. Read More

    Improving gene transfer in Clostridium pasteurianum through the isolation of rare hypertransformable variants.
    Anaerobe 2017 Sep 9;48:203-205. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
    Clostridia Research Group, BBSRC/EPSRC Synthetic Biology Research Centre (SBRC), School of Life Sciences, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Effective microbial metabolic engineering is reliant on efficient gene transfer. Here we present a simple screening strategy that may be deployed to isolate rare, hypertransformable variants. The procedure was used to increase the frequency of transformation of the solvent producing organism Clostridium pasteurianum by three to four orders of magnitude. Read More

    Fermentation properties of isomaltooligosaccharides are affected by human fecal enterotypes.
    Anaerobe 2017 Sep 4;48:206-214. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    State Microbial Technology of Zhejiang Province, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, PR China. Electronic address:
    Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are enzymatically synthesized oligosaccharides that have potential prebiotic effects. Five IMO substrates with 2-16° of polymerization (DP) were studied for their fermentation capacities using human microbiomes in an in vitro batch fermentation model. Eleven fecal slurries belonging to three enterotypes, including the Bacteroides-, Prevotella- and Mixed-type, exhibited different degradation rates for long chain IMOs (DP 7 to 16). Read More

    Dietary pomegranate extract and inulin affect gut microbiome differentially in mice fed an obesogenic diet.
    Anaerobe 2017 Sep 13;48:184-193. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Center for Human Nutrition, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address:
    Growing evidence suggests that dysbiosis of gut microbiota is associated with pathogenesis of a variety of human diseases. Using dietary intervention to shape the composition and metabolism of the gut microbiota is increasingly recognized. In the present study, we investigated the effects of polysaccharide inulin and polyphenol-rich pomegranate extract (PomX) alone or in combination on the cecal microbiota composition and function in a diet induced obesity mouse model. Read More

    Infected breast cyst due to Prevotella buccae resistant to metronidazole.
    Anaerobe 2017 Sep 1;48:177-178. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Microbiology, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain.
    Prevotella buccae is a Gram-negative anaerobic rod involved in some human infections. We report the first case of an infected breast cyst in a non-puerperal women due to this pathogen. A 53-year-old woman presented with pain and a cystic lesion in the right breast. Read More

    Immune discrepancies during in vitro granuloma formation in response to Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes infection.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 30;48:172-176. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    EA3826, Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics of Infections, IRS 2, Nantes University, Nantes, France. Electronic address:
    Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes is involved in chronic/low-grade pathologies such as sarcoidosis or prosthetic joint infection (PJI). In these diseases, granulomatous structures are frequently observed. In this study, we induced a physiological granulomatous reaction in response to different well-characterized clinical C. Read More

    Preferential isolation of Megasphaera elsdenii from pig feces.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 28;48:160-164. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    Graduate School of Horticulture, Chiba University, 648 Matsudo, Chiba 271-8501, Japan. Electronic address:
    Lactic acid produced by intestinal bacteria is fermented by lactate-utilizing bacteria. In this study, we developed a selective culture medium (KMI medium) for Megasphaera elsdenii, a lactate-utilizing bacterium that is abundant in pig intestines. Supplementation of the medium with lactate and beef extract powder was necessary for the preferential growth of M. Read More

    Clinical, epidemiological and microbiological characteristics of relapse and re-infection in Clostridium difficile infection.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 19;48:147-151. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Córdoba s/n, 28041, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
    Recurrent diarrhea is a common complication of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Recurrent CDI (r-CDI) may be produced by the persistence of spores (relapse) or by the acquisition of a new strain (reinfection). In this study, we analyze epidemiological, clinical, microbiological and laboratory data from patients with r-CDI, relapse, and reinfection-CDI over 5 years and compared with a control group (non r-CDI). Read More

    Conversion of food processing wastes to biofuel using clostridia.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 18;48:135-143. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Botany Department, Faculty of Science, New Valley Branch, Assiut University, 72511 El-Kharja, Egypt.
    This study aims to demonstrate the recycling of food processing wastes as a low cost-effective substrate for acetone - butanol - ethanol (ABE) production. Potato peels and cheese whey were utilized during fermentation with eight local Clostridium strains in addition to the commercial strain, C. acetobutylicum ATCC 824 for ABE and organic acids production. Read More

    Fusobacterium nucleatum detected simultaneously in a pyogenic liver abscess and advanced sigmoid colon cancer.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 16;48:144-146. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.
    Fusobacterium nucleatum is an invasive, adherent, and pro-inflammatory anaerobic bacterium involved in various infections and colorectal cancer. We report a case with pyogenic liver abscess, diagnosed with advanced sigmoid colon cancer, in whom F. nucleatum was simultaneously detected. Read More

    Dipeptidyl peptidase IV and quorum sensing signaling in biofilm-related virulence of Prevotella aurantiaca.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 15;48:152-159. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, FI-20520, Turku, Finland. Electronic address:
    Biofilm formation and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) enzyme activity contribute to the virulence of oral bacteria, and these virulence factors are partly regulated by quorum sensing signaling system. We recently demonstrated that estradiol regulates growth properties and DPPIV activity of Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, and Prevotella pallens. Here, we examined the DPPIV dependency of biofilm formation of Prevotella aurantiaca. Read More

    Spatio-temporal variability of the epidemic 027 Clostridium difficile strains in France based on MLVA typing.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 12;48:179-183. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    National Reference Laboratory for C. difficile, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, 34 rue Crozatier, 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    MLVA analysis of 103 PCR ribotype 027 strains showed a regional specificity and the persistence of the same clone within a hospital several years apart. Capillary electrophoresis PCR ribotyping led to the identification of seven 027 variant strains and five 176 strains, four of them being implicated in an outbreak. Read More

    Community-associated Clostridium difficile infection in emergency department patients in Western Australia.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 12;48:121-125. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia; Department of Microbiology, PathWest Laboratory Medicine (WA), Perth, Australia.
    Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is primarily associated with hospitalised patients, however, community-associated CDI (CA-CDI) has increased in Australia. We aimed to investigate the epidemiology and outcomes of CA-CDI cases presenting to hospital emergency departments in Western Australia (WA). A retrospective case-control study of CA-CDI cases presenting at six emergency departments in WA from July 2013 to June 2014 was performed. Read More

    Antitoxin therapy of natural avian botulism outbreaks occurred in Brazil.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 12;48:115-117. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Veterinary College, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Antônio Carlos Avenue, 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG, 31.270-901, Brazil.
    Botulism commonly affects water birds and it has recently been observed to be emerging in poultry production. In the present work, outbreaks of botulism in wild native species, such as the black-fronted Piping-guan (Aburria jacutinga), wild duck (Cairina moschata) and its crosses with mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), and domestic chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) are described. Following treatments with a commercial botulism antitoxin CD, 28 (96. Read More

    Identification and characterization of Clostridium botulinum group III field strains by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 10;48:126-134. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Diagnostic and Microbiology Veterinary Laboratory, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Villorba di Treviso, Italy.
    Animal botulism is primarily due to botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) types C, D or their chimeric variants C/D or D/C, produced by Clostridium botulinum group III, which appears to include the genetically indistinguishable Clostridium haemolyticum and Clostridium novyi. In the present study, we used matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF MS) to identify and characterize 81 BoNT-producing Clostridia isolated in 47 episodes of animal botulism. The instrument's default database, containing no entries for Clostridium botulinum, permitted reliable identification of 26 strains at the genus level. Read More

    Establishment of valnemulin susceptibility breakpoint against Clostridium perfringens in rabbits.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 9;48:118-120. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    National Risk Assessment Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance of Animal Original Bacteria, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmaceutics Development and Safety Evaluation, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:
    Susceptibility breakpoints provide fundamental information for rational administration of antibiotics. The present investigation reports the first valnemulin susceptibility breakpoint (MIC<0.25 μg/mL) against Clostridium perfringens infections in rabbits based on the wild-type cutoff (COWT) and the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) cutoff (COPD). Read More

    Stability and efficacy of frozen and lyophilized fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) product in a mouse model of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI).
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 9;48:110-114. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Center for Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics & Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, UT Health Houston, TX, USA; Kelsey Research Foundation, Houston, TX, USA; University of Texas, McGovern Medical School, USA. Electronic address:
    Freezing donor fecal microbiota has simplified fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in the treatment of recurrent C. difficile infection (CDI). However, the optimal storage time for the frozen FMT products remains unknown. Read More

    A multi-center ring trial for the identification of anaerobic bacteria using MALDI-TOF MS.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 7;48:94-97. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Inter-laboratory reproducibility of Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) of anaerobic bacteria has not been shown before. Therefore, ten anonymized anaerobic strains were sent to seven participating laboratories, an initiative of the European Network for the Rapid Identification of Anaerobes (ENRIA). On arrival the strains were cultured and identified using MALDI-TOF MS. Read More

    Pro-inflammatory cytokine responses in human gingival epithelial cells after stimulation with cell wall extract of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans subtypes.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 3;48:103-109. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Common Oral Diseases and Epidemiology Research Center, Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dentistry, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90112, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Varying cytokine responses of human gingival epithelial cells (HGECs) by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans subtypes have been found. Most studies have used reference strains, whereas a few has evaluated the cytokine expression in response to clinical subtypes of this bacterial species. This study aimed to examine whether there was any difference in cytokine responses of HGECs stimulated with cell wall extract (CWE) from A. Read More

    Spontaneous C. septicum gas gangrene: A literature review.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 2;48:165-171. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Boise VA Medical Center, Boise, ID 83702, USA. Electronic address:
    As the infectious disease paradigm undergoes a subtle shift, unusual infections associated with malignancy and immunosuppression are being increasingly reported. Spontaneous or non-traumatic Clostridium septicum infection is one such unusual infection which has gained prominence. This article aims to understand the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and current trends in diagnosing and treating this rare but deadly infection. Read More

    Effects of Clostridium perfringens iota toxin in the small intestine of mice.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 29;48:83-88. Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Instituto de Patobiología, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Calle Las Cabañas y Los Reseros s/n, Casilla de Correo 25, 1712 Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:
    Iota toxin is a binary toxin solely produced by Clostridium perfringens type E strains, and is structurally related to CDT from C. difficile and CST from C. spiroforme. Read More

    Detection of enterotoxin and protease genes among Hungarian clinical Bacteroides fragilis isolates.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 25;48:98-102. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Institute of Clinical Microbiology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary. Electronic address:
    Bacteroides fragilis as a commensal bacterium is a member of the human intestinal flora, but as an opportunistic pathogen it can cause serious infections as well. Some of them, harbouring an enterotoxin gene (bft), may cause diarrhoea mainly in young children. Recently it has been shown that a member of C11 proteases called fragipain (fpn) can activate the enterotoxin, while C10 protease (bfp) is suspected of playing an important role in the invasiveness of the B. Read More

    Description of Absiella argi gen. nov., sp. nov., and transfer of Eubacterium dolichum and Eubacterium tortuosum to the genus Absiella as Absiella dolichum comb. nov. and Absiella tortuosum comb. nov.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 25;48:70-75. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    ABS Research Support Center, KRIBB, 125 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Gram-positive, straight or slightly curved rod-shaped bacteria, designated as strains N6H1-5(T) and N6H1-3, were isolated from fecal samples of old dog. The analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolates belonged to the Clostridium cluster XVI and were closely related to Eubacterium dolichum KCTC 5832(T), Eubacterium tortuosum DSM 3987(T), Clostridium innocuum KCTC 5183(T), Allobaculum stecoricanis DSM 13633(T), Eubacterium limosum KCTC 3266(T), and Clostridium butyricum KCTC 1871(T), with 94.0%, 93. Read More

    Comparative phenotypic analysis of "Clostridium neonatale" and Clostridium butyricum isolates from neonates.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 21;48:76-82. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    EA 4065, Faculty of Pharmacy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France. Electronic address:
    "Clostridium neonatale" was recently described as a new species within the Cluster I of the Clostridium genus sensu stricto. In this study, we characterized "C. neonatale" isolates (n = 42) and compared their phenotypic properties with those of Clostridium butyricum (n = 26), a close related species. Read More

    Evaluation of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry for identification of human oral Capnocytophaga species.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 21;48:89-93. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Université de Rennes, INSERM U 1241, INRA, Nutrition Metabolisms and Cancer, 2 avenue du Professeur Léon Bernard, 35043 Rennes, France; CHU Pontchaillou, 2 rue Henri Le Guilloux, 35033 Rennes Cedex 9, France.
    Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was evaluated for rapid identification of cfxA PCR positive and negative Capnocytophaga strains. Colonies were grown on blood agar, incubated anaerobically at 37 °C for 48 h, and were then evaluated by MALDI-TOF MS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Both methods identified all colonies to the genus level. Read More

    Clostridium perfringens and C. difficile in parvovirus-positive dogs.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 19;48:66-69. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Veterinary School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG, CEP 31.270-901, Brazil.
    The aim of this study was to investigate Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens in 82 diarrheic dogs positive for canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV). Enterotoxigenic C. perfringens type A was isolated from three (3. Read More

    Prevalence and characteristics of Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile in dogs and cats attended in diverse veterinary clinics from the Madrid region.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 5;48:47-55. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Despite extensive research on the epidemiology of pathogenic clostridia in dogs and cats, most published studies focus on a selected animal population and/or a single veterinary medical centre. We assessed the burden of Clostridium perfringens and C. difficile shedding by small animals in 17 veterinary clinics located within the Madrid region (Spain) and differing in size, number and features of animals attended and other relevant characteristics. Read More

    Development of a real-time PCR method for quantification of Prevotella histicola from the gut.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 3;48:37-41. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN55905, USA. Electronic address:
    We designed species-specific primers and developed a qPCR method for enumerating P. histicola from intestinal samples. The two designed primer sets showed specificity for the target 16S rRNA gene of P. Read More

    WITHDRAWN: Conversion of food processing wastes to biofuel using Clostridia.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 2. Epub 2017 Jul 2.
    Botany Department, Faculty of Science, New Valley Branch, Assiut University, 72511, El-Kharja, Egypt.
    This article has been withdrawn: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). Read More

    First described case of prosthetic joint infection with Clostridium disporicum.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jul 1;48:56-58. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    University of Wisconsin, Department of Medicine, United States.
    An orthopedic hardware infection with Clostridium disporicum is described. C. disporicum is a gram positive anaerobic bacillus which can contain two subterminal spores. Read More

    Is Clostridium difficile infection a risk factor for subsequent bloodstream infection?
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 29;48:27-33. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a common nosocomial diarrheal illness increasingly associated with mortality in United States. The underlying factors and mechanisms behind the recent increases in morbidity from CDI have not been fully elucidated. Murine models suggest a mucosal barrier breakdown leads to bacterial translocation and subsequent bloodstream infection (BSI). Read More

    A case of severe empyema with acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by Slackia exigua requiring veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 28;48:7-11. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Intensive Care, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong.
    Slackia exigua (S. exigua) is an obligatory anaerobic coccobacillus under the family of Coriobacteriaceae. It is a rare cause of pyogenic extraoral infections. Read More

    Dose-response effects of dietary pequi oil on fermentation characteristics and microbial population using a rumen simulation technique (Rusitec).
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 28;48:59-65. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    The University of Sydney, Faculty of Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Sydney, NSW Australia. Electronic address:
    The effect of increasing the concentration of commercial pequi (Caryocar brasiliense) oil on fermentation characteristics and abundance of methanogens and fibrolityc bacteria was evaluated using the rumen simulation technique (Rusitec). In vitro incubation was performed over 15 days using a basal diet consisting of ryegrass, maize silage and concentrate in equal proportions. Treatments consisted of control diet (no pequi oil inclusion, 0 g/kg DM), pequi dose 1 (45 g/kg DM), and pequi dose 2 (91 g/kg DM). Read More

    Corrigendum to "MALDI-TOF MS is more accurate than VITEK II ANC card and API Rapid ID 32 A system for the identification of Clostridium species" [Anaerobe 40 (2016) 73-75].
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 28. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea; Paik Institute for Clinical Research, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

    Microbial analysis of root canal and periradicular lesion associated to teeth with endodontic failure.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 27;48:12-18. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Anaerobe Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical Science, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    The quantification of ten microorganisms at the root ends and in the surrounding periradicular lesions was performed. Thirty 3 mm samples root ends and 30 samples of the surrounding chronic periapical infection were collected during apical microsurgery. Samples were triturated, and the bacterial DNA was obtained. Read More

    Prevalence of Clostridium perfringens toxin in patients suspected of having antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 26;48:34-36. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea; Paik Institute for Clinical Research, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Background: Although Clostridium perfringens has been reported as a cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD), it is uncommon to detect this pathogen in clinical microbiology laboratories in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of C. perfringens toxin in patients suspected of having AAD. Read More

    Clinical and molecular characteristics of community-acquired Clostridium difficile infections in comparison with those of hospital-acquired C. difficile.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 24;48:42-46. Epub 2017 Jun 24.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
    Community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (CA-CDI) is a growing concern. CA-CDI differs from hospital-acquired C. difficile infection (HA-CDI) in its epidemiology, risk factors, severity, and outcomes. Read More

    Oesophageal pleural fistula presenting with Parvimonas micra infection causing cervical and brain abscesses.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 23;47:233-237. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    Academic Neurosurgery Unit, St George's University of London, London, UK.
    Parvimonas micra (P. micra) infections causing spinal cord compression are extremely rare. We report an occult oesophageal pleural fistula presenting with spinal epidural and brain abscesses resulting in severe neurological deficits caused by P. Read More

    Optimisation of continuous gas fermentation by immobilisation of acetate-producing Acetobacterium woodii.
    Anaerobe 2017 Aug 22;46:96-103. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Konrad-Lorenz-Straße 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria.
    Hydrogen from water electrolysis is often suggested as a way of storing the excess energy from wind and solar power plants. However, unlike natural gas, hydrogen is difficult to store and distribute. One solution is to convert the hydrogen into other fuels or bulk chemicals. Read More

    Actinomyces radicidentis and Actinomyces haliotis, coccoid Actinomyces species isolated from the human oral cavity.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 21;48:19-26. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    There are few reports on the bacterial species Actinomyces radicidentis in the literature. In this study, putative A. radicidentis isolates were collected from 16 root canal samples from 601 examined patients. Read More

    Impact of the NAP-1 strain on disease severity, mortality, and recurrence of healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 21;48:1-6. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:
    Objectives: Studies are conflicting regarding the association of the North American pulsed-field gel electrophoresis type 1 (NAP1) strain in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and outcomes. We evaluated the association of NAP1 with healthcare-associated CDI disease severity, mortality, and recurrence at our academic medical center.

    Methods: Healthcare-associated CDI cases were identified from November 1, 2011 through January 31, 2013. Read More

    Temporal microbiota changes of high-protein diet intake in a rat model.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 17;47:218-225. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Nutrition and Animal Health, Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Microbiology, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:
    Alterations of specific microbes serve as important indicators that link gut health with specific diet intake. Although a six-week high-protein diet (45% protein) upregulates the pro-inflammatory response and oxidative stress in colon of rats, the dynamic alteration of gut microbiota remains unclear. To dissect temporal changes of microbiota, dynamic analyses of fecal microbiota were conducted using a rat model. Read More

    Mikania glomerata Sprengel extract and its major compound ent-kaurenoic acid display activity against bacteria present in endodontic infections.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 13;47:201-208. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    Laboratory of Research in Applied Microbiology, University of Franca - UNIFRAN, Franca, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
    The search for new, effective and safe antimicrobial compounds from plant sources has continued to play an important role in the maintenance of human health since ancient times. Such compounds can be used to help to eradicate microorganisms from the root canal system, preventing/healing periapical diseases. Mikania glomerata (Spreng. Read More

    Changes in faecal bacteria during fattening in finishing swine.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 10;47:188-193. Epub 2017 Jun 10.
    Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507, Japan. Electronic address:
    Body fat accumulation in mice and human is linked to the percentage of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes, two bacterial phyla dominant in the large intestine. However, little is known about the relationship between the composition of the gut microbiota and fattening in pig. This study aimed to investigate the abundance of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Bacteroides, which is the major genus within Bacteroidetes, in porcine faeces during fattening. Read More

    Support material dictates the attached biomass characteristics during the immobilization process in anaerobic continuous-flow packed-bed bioreactor.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 10;48:194-202. Epub 2017 Jun 10.
    Department for Environmental Sciences and Engineering, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Hydrogen is considered to be an ideal energy alternative to replace environmentally burdensome fossil fuels. For its long-term production the immobilized biofilm system is the most promising and to choose the right support material the most challenging. In this respect, the anaerobic up-flow bioreactors packed with four most used support materials (polyethylene, polyurethane, activated carbon and expanded clay) were tested to investigate the crucial bacteria sensitive period-the immobilization process. Read More

    erm gene distribution among Norwegian Bacteroides isolates and evaluation of phenotypic tests to detect inducible clindamycin resistance in Bacteroides species.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 8;47:226-232. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, Akershus University Hospital, PO Box 1000, 1478 Lørenskog, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, PO Box 1171 Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:
    The aims of this study were to describe the distribution of the most common erm genes in a collection of Norwegian Bacteroides isolates and to investigate whether the phenotypic tests for determining inducible clindamycin resistance among Bacteroides species recommended by EUCAST, NordicAST and the manufacturer of E-test(®), are effective. We investigated 175 unique Bacteroides isolates for the presence of erm(B), erm(F) and erm(G) genes, determined their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to clindamycin and categorised their susceptibility according to EUCAST breakpoints. 27 isolates were resistant to clindamycin. Read More

    In vitro emergence of fluoroquinolone resistance in Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes and molecular characterization of mutations in the gyrA gene.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 8;47:194-200. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Service de Bactériologie-Hygiène Hospitalière, CHU NANTES, Nantes, France; CRCINA, INSERM, Université d'Angers, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France; Nantes Study Group Member of CRIOGO (Centre de Référence des Infections Ostéo-articulaires du Grand Ouest), Nantes, France. Electronic address:
    In vitro occurrence of levofloxacin (LVX) resistance in C. acnes and characterization of its molecular background were investigated. The mutation frequency was determined by inoculation of 10(8) cfu of C. Read More

    Breast abscess due to Finegoldia magna in a non-puerperal women.
    Anaerobe 2017 Jun 3;47:183-184. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Department of Microbiology, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain.
    Finegoldia magna is a Gram-positive anaerobic coccus involved in a wide variety of infections. We report a unusual case of breast abscess in a non-puerperal patient. A 46-year-old woman presented with pain and a nodular lesion in the left breast. Read More

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