3,874 results match your criteria Ampullary Carcinoma

CDH17+/CDX2+ Can be Helpful in Providing Support for Small Intestinal Origin Versus Pancreatic or Biliary Origin.

Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Departments of Pathology Gastrointestinal Surgery, Beilun People's Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China.

Because of the distinct and complex anatomy of the ampullary region, the exact origin of the periampullary tumors was often difficult to ascertain. In this study, we evaluated 78 patient samples, including 26 small intestinal adenocarcinomas, 35 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, and 17 cholangiocarcinomas by immunohistochemical detection of cadherin-17 (CDH17), CDX2, CK20, and CK19 protein expression. The result showed that CDH17 and CDX2 expression was higher in small intestinal adenocarcinoma (73. Read More

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Adenomatous neoplasia in the papilla of Vater endoscopic and/or surgical resection?

Surg Endosc 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Surgery, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Adenomatous neoplasia in the papilla of Vater needs to be resected in order not to progress. It can be challenging to distinguish between early ampullary malignant lesions and non-invasive adenomas, due to the overlap in symptoms and radiological findings. This retrospective study describes the different findings and treatment decisions taken prior to endoscopic and/or surgical resection of ampullary adenomatous lesions. Read More

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Radiofrequency ablation for intraductal extension of ampullary adenomatous lesions: proposal for a standardized protocol.

Endosc Int Open 2021 May 22;9(5):E749-E755. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Intraductal extension of ampullary adenoma represents a challenging endoscopic issue. Intraductal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been recently suggested, but evidence and standardization of this technique are still lacking. This study aimed to provide a long-term evaluation of clinical efficacy and safety of intraductal RFA ablation with a standardized algorithm of treatment. Read More

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The role of mesopancreas excision for ampullary carcinomas: a single center propensity-score matched analysis.

HPB (Oxford) 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Pancreatic Surgery Center, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Roma, Italy; CRMPG (Advanced Pancreatic Research Center), Largo A. Gemelli, 8, 00168, Roma, Italy; Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli, 8, 00168, Roma, Italy.

Background: Few evidences are available on the prognostic role of mesopancreas excision(MPe) for ampullary cancers(ACs). Aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes between pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD) with(PD-MPe group) and without(sPD group) MP.

Methods: Thirty-seven sPDs were matched and compared to 37 PD-MPes for perioperative outcomes, recurrence rate, disease-free(DFS) and overall survival(OS). Read More

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Characteristics of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors incidentally discovered during abdominal surgery.

Am J Surg 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Helen F Graham Cancer Center and Research Institute at Christiana Care Department of General and Surgical Oncology, Newark, DE, USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) are rare sarcomas with 5000 new cases arising in the United States each year. Despite their low incidence, general surgeons should be familiar with GISTs since a quarter of these neoplasms are encountered incidentally.

Methods: A retrospective medical records review was conducted to create a database of all GISTs resected from January 2005 to May 2019. Read More

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Gastric adenocarcinoma at stage IV with complete remission after neoadjuvant therapy concurrent with adenosquamous carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater: a case report and literature review.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 30;21(1):224. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the ampulla of Vater (AmV) is exceedingly rare with more aggressive behavior and worse prognosis than adenocarcinoma. The finding of ASC at the AmV in combination to the gastric adenocarcinoma has never been reported in the literature before.

Case Presentation: An old lady was diagnosed as gastric adenocarcinoma at stage IV with enlargement of supraclavicular lymph nodes by gastroscopy and histopathological evaluation 3 years ago. Read More

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Association between Endoscopic Milk-White Mucosa, Epithelial Intracellular Lipid Droplets, and Histological Grade of Superficial Non-Ampullary Duodenal Epithelial Tumors.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Apr 25;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Endoscopy, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan.

We previously reported that superficial non-ampullary duodenal tumors (SNADETs) commonly had a whitish mucosal surface, named milk-white mucosa (MWM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of MWM with epithelial intracellular lipid droplets (immunohistochemically stained by adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP)) and histological tumor grades. We reviewed endoscopic images and the histopathology of SNADETs resected en bloc endoscopically. Read More

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Small Bowel Epithelial Precursor Lesions: A Focus on Molecular Alterations.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 22;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS San Matteo Hospital, 27100 Pavia, Lombardy, Italy.

The wider use of gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures has led to an increased detection of small intestinal preneoplastic and neoplastic epithelial lesions, most of which are identified in the duodenum and ampullary region. Like their malignant counterparts, small intestinal glandular precursor lesions, which include adenomas and hamartomas, may arise sporadically or be associated with hereditary tumor syndromes, such as familial adenomatous polyposis, -associated polyposis, Lynch syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, juvenile polyposis syndrome, and Cowden syndrome. In addition, dysplastic, preinvasive lesions have been observed adjacent to small bowel adenocarcinomas complicating immune-related disorders, such as celiac or Crohn's disease. Read More

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Mesothelin Expression in Human Tumors: A Tissue Microarray Study on 12,679 Tumors.

Biomedicines 2021 Apr 7;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Institute of Pathology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20357 Hamburg, Germany.

Mesothelin (MSLN) represents an attractive molecule for targeted cancer therapies. To identify tumors that might benefit from such therapies, tissue microarrays including 15,050 tumors from 122 different tumor types and 76 healthy organs were analyzed for MSLN expression by immunohistochemistry. Sixty-six (54%) tumor types showed at least occasional weak staining, including 50 (41%) tumor types with at least one strongly positive sample. Read More

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Signet ring cell cancer of Ampulla of Vater-first ever case reported in a teenager and a review of literature.

Rare Tumors 2021 12;13:20363613211007767. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Cancer Foundation Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Ampullary cancers are rare accounting for 0.2% of all gastrointestinal cancers. Signet ring is a rare variant of adenocarcinoma, characterized by having more than 50% of mucin secreting cells and clinically having a worse prognosis. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of adjuvant therapy after curative surgery for ampullary carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Surgery 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Center for Evidence-based Health Care, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Cochrane Taiwan, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan; Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Ampullary carcinoma patients require radical resection for optimal survival; however, the outcomes are often unsatisfactory. The utility of adjuvant therapy among such patients is unclear, probably owing to its potential side effects. Therefore, this study investigated the benefits and safety of adjuvant therapy in resected ampullary carcinoma. Read More

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Role of next-generation genomic sequencing in targeted agents repositioning for pancreaticoduodenal cancer patients.

Pancreatology 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Pancreatic Surgical Unit, Pederzoli Hospital, Peschiera Del Garda, Verona, Italy.

Background: Pancreaticoduodenal cancer (PDC) is a group of malignant tumors arising in the ampullary region, which lack approved targeted therapies for their treatment.

Methods: This retrospective, observational study is based on Secondary Data Use (SDU) previously collected during a multicenter collaboration, which were subsequently entered into a predefined database and analyzed. FoundationOne CDx or Liquid, a next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) service, was used to identify genomic alterations of patients who failed standard treatments. Read More

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Prolonged Response to HER2-Directed Therapy in Three Patients with HER2-Amplified Metastatic Carcinoma of the Biliary System: Case Study and Review of the Literature.

Oncologist 2021 Apr 25. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, and New York Presbyterian Hospital, Herbert Irving Pavilion, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY, USA.

HER2 amplification, which results in overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase HER2, has been described in a wide variety of malignancies. HER2-targeting agents have been incorporated into the treatment paradigms for HER2-overexpressing breast and gastric cancer. More recently, these agents have shown promise in other gastrointestinal malignancies, such as colon cancer and biliary tract tumors. Read More

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Rare histological subtype of invasive micropapillary carcinoma in the ampulla of Vater: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Apr;9(11):2671-2678

Department of Pathology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan.

Background: Carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater is an uncommon ampullo-pancreatobiliary neoplasm, and the most common histological type is adenocarcinoma with a tubular growth pattern. Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) is an aggressive variant of adenocarcinoma in several organs that is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. IMPC was first described as a histological subtype of breast cancer; however, IMPC of the ampulla of Vater is extremely rare, with only three articles reported in the English literature. Read More

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Oncologic outcomes in resected ampullary cancer: Relevance of histologic subtype and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Am J Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR, 97239, USA; The Knight Cancer Institute at OHSU, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Outcomes in ampullary cancer (AC) may differ by pathologic subtype. No guidelines exist for the administration of adjuvant therapy (AT). We sought to evaluate the effect of subtype and AT on survival. Read More

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Treatment of ampullary neuroendocrine tumor by Capecitabine (Xeloda®) and Temozolomide (Temodal®).

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2021 ;14(1):85-88

Department of Hematology & Oncology, Taleghani Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas include a range of rare and diverse neoplasms with unique tumor biology, natural history, and clinical management. Neuroendocrine tumors of the ampulla of Vater are extremely uncommon cancers that account for only about 0.3%-1% of all gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors. Read More

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January 2021

Preoperative 2-[F]FDG PET-CT aids in the prognostic stratification for patients with primary ampullary carcinoma.

Eur Radiol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, No.7, Chung-Shan South Road, Chung-Cheng District, Taipei, 100, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Objectives: We sought to investigate whether preoperative dual-phase 2-[F]FDG PET-CT identify predictors for poor survival in patients with ampullary carcinoma receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Methods: The preoperative PET-CT images of patients with resected ampullary carcinoma from June 2007 to July 2017 were analyzed. Survival curves were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. Read More

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Sequential Liver-Kidney Transplantation for Recurrent Liver Cysts Infection in a Patient With Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Hepato-gastroenterology, Saint-Luc Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most prevalent hereditary kidney disorder. Liver cysts are the most common extrarenal manifestation of the disease and usually remain asymptomatic. Liver cyst infection is rare, and its treatment is challenging. Read More

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Image-Guided Percutaneous Pancreatic Duct Drainage: A 10-Year Observational Study.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Professor of Surgery and Cancer, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Campus, DuCane Road, London W12 0HS, UK.

Purpose: To study the safety, efficacy, and long-term outcomes of percutaneous pancreatic duct drainage (PPDD) for treating pancreatic duct (PD) obstruction.

Materials And Methods: This prospective observational cohort study included 73 patients with PD obstruction between December 2010 and June 2020. Patients underwent PPDD under ultrasound and fluoroscopy guidance, computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopy guidance, or CT guidance only. Read More

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Case Report: Could Hennebert's Sign Be Evoked Despite Global Vestibular Impairment on Video Head Impulse Test? Considerations Upon Pathomechanisms Underlying Pressure-Induced Nystagmus due to Labyrinthine Fistula.

Front Neurol 2021 29;12:634782. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

ENT Unit, Department of Surgery, Azienda USL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

We describe a case series of labyrinthine fistula, characterized by Hennebert's sign (HS) elicited by tragal compression despite global hypofunction of semicircular canals (SCs) on a video-head impulse test (vHIT), and review the relevant literature. All three patients presented with different amounts of cochleo-vestibular loss, consistent with labyrinthitis likely induced by labyrinthine fistula due to different temporal bone pathologies (squamous cell carcinoma involving the external auditory canal in one case and middle ear cholesteatoma in two cases). Despite global hypofunction on vHIT proving impaired function for each SC for high accelerations, all patients developed pressure-induced nystagmus, presumably through spared and/or recovered activity for low-velocity canal afferents. Read More

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Outcomes in resected ampullary cancer: Difficult decision-making in an uncommon heterogeneous malignancy.

Lloyd A Mack

Am J Surg 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

University of Calgary, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29th Street NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 4N2, Canada. Electronic address:

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Superficial nonampullary duodenal epithelial tumor: a rare case accompanied by cancer component as subepithelial lesion.

Gastrointest Endosc 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Departments of Research and Development for Minimal Invasive Treatment, Cancer Center, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

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Pancreatobiliary Diseases: Evaluation by Transabdominal and Endoscopic Ultrasound.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):458-465

Professor Dr Bimal Chandra Shil, Professor & Head, Department of Gastroenterology, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital (SSMC&MH), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Pancreaticobiliary diseases are the important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Among the imaging modalities, Transabdominal ultrasound (TUS) is cheap, available, and noninvasive but it has some limitations. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is invasive but it has some diagnostic and therapeutic advantages over TUS. Read More

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Small, low-grade ampullary neuroendocrine tumor presenting with metastasis and multiple synchronous tumors in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report with literature review.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 29;2021(3):rjab076. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Surgery, Transplant and Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Reading Hospital, West Reading, PA, USA.

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a tumor syndrome and one of the most common genetic disorders. Patients have an increased risk of developing neurologic and gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms, but GI lesions are often underrecognized since most cases are asymptomatic. It is extremely rare to see multiple types of abdominal tumors synchronously in NF1. Read More

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Histologic heterogeneity and syndromic associations of non-ampullary duodenal polyps and superficial mucosal lesions.

Dig Liver Dis 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia, IRCCS San Matteo Hospital Foundation, Viale Golgi 19, 27100, Italy.

Background: Duodenal polyps and superficial mucosal lesions (DP/SMLs) are poorly characterised.

Aims: To describe a series of endoscopically-diagnosed extra-ampullary DPs/SMLs.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary referral Endoscopy Unit, including patients who had DPs or SMLs that were biopsied or removed in 2010-2019. Read More

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Comparison of Inflammation-based Prognostic Scores in Patients With Biliary Tract Cancer After Surgical Resection.

Anticancer Res 2021 Apr;41(4):2147-2155

Department of Surgery, National Hospital Organization Fukuyama Medical Center, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background/aim: Inflammation-based prognostic scores are proven prognostic biomarkers in various cancers. This study aimed to identify a useful prognostic score for patients with biliary tract cancer (BTC) after surgical resection.

Patients And Methods: This retrospective study recruited 115 patients with BTC during 2010-2020. Read More

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Second-line FOLFOX chemotherapy versus active symptom control for advanced biliary tract cancer (ABC-06): a phase 3, open-label, randomised, controlled trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 05 30;22(5):690-701. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Medical Oncology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust/Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Advanced biliary tract cancer has a poor prognosis. Cisplatin and gemcitabine is the standard first-line chemotherapy regimen, but no robust evidence is available for second-line chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine the benefit derived from second-line FOLFOX (folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin) chemotherapy in advanced biliary tract cancer. Read More

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Ampullary carcinoma of the duodenum: current clinical issues and genomic overview.

Surg Today 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1, Ikenobe, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan.

Ampullary carcinomas of the duodenum are uncommon. Moreover, the diversity in the clinical outcomes of these patients makes it difficult to interpret previous studies and clinical trial results. The difficulty in proper staging of ampullary carcinomas, especially with regard to the T category of the tumor in the TNM system, reflects the anatomic complexity and non-uniform histopathologic subtypes. Read More

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Long-term outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy for ampullary cancer: The influence of the histological subtypes and comparison with the other periampullary neoplasms.

Pancreatology 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Pancreatic Surgery Unit, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center - IRCCS, Milan, Italy; Department of Biomedical Sciences, Humanitas University, Milan, Italy.

Background: Ampullary carcinoma (AC) is histologically classified as intestinal (In-AC), pancreaticobiliary (Pb-AC) or mixed-AC. The prognostic role of AC subtypes has been debated and remains unclear. The aims of this study were to evaluate outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for each subtype of AC and to compare these with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma [PDAC] and distal cholangiocarcinoma [DCC]. Read More

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