1,550 results match your criteria Ampullary Carcinoma

Ampullary Neuroendocrine Neoplasm: Clinicopathological Characteristics and Novel Endoscopic Entity.

Dig Dis 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Background: Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the ampulla of Vater (ampullary NEN) have features of both gastrointestinal and pancreato-biliary (PB) NEN. However, the limited number of studies examining ampullary NEN makes it difficult to clarify their unique characteristics. This study aimed to elucidate the clinical characteristics of ampullary NEN. Read More

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Differentiating between benign and malignant ampullary strictures: a prediction model using a nomogram based on CT imaging and clinical findings.

Eur Radiol 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehang-no, Chongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To construct a predictive nomogram for differentiating malignant from benign ampullary strictures using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) findings combined with clinical findings.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 152 patients with ampullary stricture (98 benign and 54 malignant) who underwent contrast-enhanced CT were included. Various imaging findings of the ampulla, bile duct, main pancreatic duct, and periampullary area were evaluated and clinical findings including the presence of jaundice, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 level, and history of cholecystectomy were collected. Read More

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Successful diagnosis using a precutting method for intra-ampullary carcinoma of Vater.

Dig Endosc 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

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Ampullary Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Identification of Prognostic Factors in a Multicentric Series of 119 Cases.

Endocr Pathol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Pancreatic Surgery Unit, Pancreas Translational & Clinical Research Center, San Raffaele Scientific Institute IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) of the major and minor ampulla are rare diseases with clinico-pathologic features distinct from non-ampullary-duodenal NENs. However, they have been often combined and the knowledge on prognostic factors specific to ampullary NENs (Amp-NENs) is limited. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with metastatic potential and patient prognosis in Amp-NENs. Read More

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[Contrastive study on MRI signs of intestinal and pancreatobiliary-type periampullary carcinoma].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 May;102(18):1351-1358

Department of Radiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China.

The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of intestinal-type periampullary carcinoma (IPAC) and pancreatobiliary-type periampullary carcinoma (PPAC) were compared and analyzed to discuss the optimal diagnosis scheme. Preoperative MRI images of 59 patients (32 males, 27 females, aged 37-80 years) diagnosed with periampullary carcinoma (PAC) confirmed by surgery and pathology in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into 21 cases in the IPAC group (11 males, 10 females) and 38 cases in the PPAC group (21 males, 17 females) according to histopathological results. Read More

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The Prognostic Role of CD73/A2AR Expression and Tumor Immune Response in Periampullary Carcinoma Subtypes.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2022 Apr 1;23(4):1239-1246. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-kom, Menoufia, Egypt.

Introduction: Periampullary adenocarcinoma (PAAC) is a rare, lethal heterogeneous group of malignancy that differs in their molecular phenotypes. Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73)/adenosine A2A Receptor (A2AR) pathway has shown an emerging role in cancer therapy through modulating the immune response. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the functional role of CD73 and A2AR in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and ampullary carcinoma (AC). Read More

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Efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillectomy: a multicenter, retrospective, cohort study on 227 patients.

Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2022 22;15:17562848221090820. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital of Geneva (HUG), rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Genève 1205, Switzerland.

Background: Endoscopic papillectomy is a minimally invasive treatment for benign tumors of the ampulla of Vater or early ampullary carcinoma. However, reported recurrence rates are significant and risk factors for recurrence are unclear.

Objective: The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillectomy and to identify risk factors for recurrence and adverse events. Read More

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Familial Risks for Liver, Gallbladder and Bile Duct Cancers and for Their Risk Factors in Sweden, a Low-Incidence Country.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 12;14(8). Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, 205 02 Malmö, Sweden.

We used the Swedish Cancer Registry data to address familial risks for concordant (same) and discordant (different) hepatobiliary cancers, including their associations with any other cancers and with known risk factors. Risks were also assessed between spouses. The analysis covered Swedish families and their cancers between years 1958 and 2018. Read More

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[Ampullary Carcinoma-prognostic and Therapeutical Contrast to Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma].

Zentralbl Chir 2022 Apr 4;147(2):160-167. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Viszeral-, Thorax- u. Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus an der Technischen Universität Dresden, Dresden, Deutschland.

Ampullary carcinoma belongs to the cluster of periampullary cancers and is a rare, but increasing form of gastrointestinal malignancy. Due to the location of the tumour, occurrence of biliary obstruction is common. Symptoms due to the compression of the biliary tract facilitate early diagnosis, evoking a better prognosis. Read More

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Ampullary cancer detected upon re-examination in a patient initially diagnosed as cancer of unknown primary.

JGH Open 2022 Mar 8;6(3):222-224. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Oncology Osaka International Cancer Institute Osaka Japan.

In patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP), the efficiency of reexamination in the improvement of the prognosis has not been demonstrated yet. In the present case, ampullary adenocarcinoma, initially diagnosed as CUP, was revealed by endoscopic forceps biopsy for the ampullary lesion progressing over time. Reexamination of the primary site in patients with CUP could contribute to better treatment options and improvement in the prognosis. Read More

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Mixed neuroendocrine-nonneuroendocrine neoplasm of the ampulla: Four case reports.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Mar;10(7):2268-2274

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241000, Anhui Province, China.

Background: Mixed neuroendocrine-nonneuroendocrine neoplasm (MiNEN) is a rare tumor that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas, usually composed of adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma. MiNEN occurring in ampulla is even rarer. We report 4 cases of MiNEN in ampulla, combined with literature review to summarize the clinical features and treatment of the disease, in order to improve the understanding of the disease. Read More

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A case of refractory tumor bleeding from an ampullary adenocarcinoma: Compression hemostasis with a self-expandable metallic stent.

DEN open 2022 Apr 22;2(1):e23. Epub 2021 Aug 22.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Oncology Osaka International Cancer Institute Osaka Japan.

Although patients with ampullary cancers frequently experience obstructive jaundice and tumor bleeding, there have been few reports on efficient management of refractory hemorrhage after conservative treatment. In this report, we describe a case of refractory bleeding from a 15-mm ampullary adenocarcinoma. A Japanese woman in her 60s was urgently hospitalized for cholangitis, pancreatitis, and sepsis treatment. Read More

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Prognostic Value of the Regional Lymph Node Station in Pancreatoduodenectomy for Ampullary Carcinoma.

In Vivo 2022 Mar-Apr;36(2):973-978

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

Background/aim: The optimal extent of lymph node dissection for ampullary carcinoma is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of lymph node dissection for ampullary carcinoma.

Patients And Methods: Between 2000 and 2020, a total of 75 patients undergoing radical resection for ampullary carcinoma were included. Read More

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Actinomycosis Masquerading as Malignant Recurrence of Ampullary Carcinoma.

J Gastrointest Surg 2022 Feb 25. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Department of Pathology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

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February 2022

Hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery for patients with a prepancreatic postduodenal portal vein: a case report and literature review.

BMC Surg 2022 Feb 13;22(1):55. Epub 2022 Feb 13.

Department of Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center, 2-8-29, Musashidai, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Prepancreatic portal vein (PPV) is a congenital anatomical variant of the portal vein (PV). PPVs are extremely rare and generally classified into two categories, prepancreatic preduodenal portal vein and prepancreatic postduodenal portal vein (PPPV). Prepancreatic preduodenal portal veins are rare, with approximately 100 reported cases globally; PPPVs are even more atypical, with less than 20 documented cases globally. Read More

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February 2022

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for a laterally spreading ampullary carcinoma.

VideoGIE 2022 Feb 17;7(2):79-81. Epub 2021 Dec 17.

Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.

Video 1We performed endoscopic submucosal dissection with the patient under conscious sedation. After making markings around the lesion, we incised the mucosa from the oral side of the ampullary lesion and dissected the submucosal layer using a Clutch Cutter. We created 2 submucosal tunnels to identify the dissection line of the ampulla. Read More

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February 2022

Development and Validation of a New Lymph Node Ratio-Based Staging System for Ampullary Carcinoma After Curative Pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Front Oncol 2021 20;11:811595. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is closely associated with the prognosis of ampullary carcinoma (AC). The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between lymph node ratio (LNR) and the prognosis of patients with AC after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy and to establish a new LNR-based staging system.

Methods: AC patients in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, between 1998 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed as the training cohort; and AC patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2010 and 2018 were obtained as the validation cohort. Read More

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January 2022

Vater's ampullary carcinoma increases the risk of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A retrospective and propensity score-matched analysis.

BMC Gastroenterol 2022 Feb 6;22(1):51. Epub 2022 Feb 6.

Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, No. 321 Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, 210008, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a frequent complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This study aimed to investigate the impact of Vater's ampullary carcinoma (VAC) on clinically relevant POPF (CR-POPF) in patients undergoing PD.

Methods: Clinical data were gathered retrospectively from January 2018 to December 2020 for all patients undergoing PD. Read More

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February 2022

A case report of the pancreatic and periampullary metastases of renal cell carcinoma, 17 years after surgery.

Transl Cancer Res 2021 Oct;10(10):4560-4564

Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal tumor with a high incidence in the recent decade. Generally, an RCC metastasis mainly occurs via hematogenous and lymphomatous routes. Even though RCC has a potential to metastasize to almost any site, metastasis to the pancreas and duodenal ampulla is a rare event. Read More

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October 2021

How I treat biliary tract cancer.

ESMO Open 2022 02 13;7(1):100378. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Medical Oncology, Mass General Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

Management of biliary tract cancers (BTCs) is rapidly evolving. Curative management relies on surgical resection followed by adjuvant capecitabine for cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancers. Unfortunately relapse rate remains high, and better adjuvant strategies are urgently required. Read More

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February 2022

Prognostic significance of preoperative Naples prognostic score on short- and long-term outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy for ampullary carcinoma.

Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr 2021 Dec;10(6):825-838

Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: The Naples prognostic score (NPS) is an effective and objective tool to assess the immune-nutritional status of patients with malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of preoperative NPS on short- and long-term outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for ampullary carcinoma.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 404 consecutive patients with ampullary carcinoma who underwent PD between January 2012 and June 2018. Read More

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December 2021

EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy for malignant distal biliary obstruction after failed ERCP: a retrospective nationwide analysis.

Gastrointest Endosc 2022 05 4;95(5):896-904.e1. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Division of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy, Humanitas Research Hospital-IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Background And Aims: EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) with a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) has been proposed as an alternative procedure in patients with distal malignant biliary obstruction (DMBO) and failed ERCP.

Methods: This multicenter, retrospective analysis included all cases of EUS-CDS with LAMS performed in patients with DMBO and failed ERCP in 23 Italian centers from January 2016 to July 2020. Primary endpoints were technical and clinical success. Read More

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Inoperable duodenal ampullary carcinoma: Can endoscopic radiofrequency ablation therapy be a promising palliative treatment in the future?

Eisuke Iwasaki

Dig Endosc 2022 03 6;34(3):466-468. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

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Surgical results of non-ampullary duodenal cancer: a nationwide survey in Japan.

J Gastroenterol 2022 02 6;57(2):70-81. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery (Surgery II), Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: As non-ampullary duodenal cancer is relatively rare, the optimal treatment strategy, including the appropriate surgical procedure and efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy, remains unclear. This nationwide survey aimed to clarify the actual lymph node spread pattern and determine the optimal treatment strategy for this disease, using a large-scale database.

Methods: We used a questionnaire and a retrospective registry of 1083 patients with non-ampullary duodenal cancer who had undergone surgery during 2008-2017 in 114 high-volume Japanese Society of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery-certified training institutions. Read More

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February 2022

Prognostic Factors and Clinical Characteristics of Duodenal Adenocarcinoma With Survival: A Retrospective Study.

Front Oncol 2021 15;11:795891. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Oncology, Xiangyang Central Hospital, Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, China.

Background: To evaluate the clinical risk factors that influence the overall survival in patients with duodenal adenocarcinoma (DA) after tumor resection.

Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed 188 patients who underwent tumor resection for DA between January 2005 and June 2020 at Xiangyang Central Hospital.

Results: The median survival of the patients who underwent resectional operation was 54 months, longer than of those who underwent palliative surgery (20. Read More

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December 2021

Ampullary adenocarcinoma in a patient with portal annular pancreas: Relevance of the surgical approach in the Whipple procedure.

Rev Gastroenterol Mex (Engl Ed) 2022 Jan-Mar;87(1):116-118. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Departamento de Cirugía Hepatopancreatobiliar, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

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February 2022

Dual HER2 Blockade: An Emerging Option in Metastatic Biliary Tract Cancer?

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Nov 27;57(12). Epub 2021 Nov 27.

Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) includes a heterogeneous group of aggressive and rare hepatobiliary malignancies, including gallbladder cancer, ampullary carcinomas, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, further subclassified into distal (dCCA) and perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) [... Read More

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November 2021

The Impact of Preoperative and Postoperative Malnutrition on Outcomes for Ampullary Carcinoma After Pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Front Oncol 2021 30;11:748341. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preoperative and postoperative malnutrition on postoperative short- and long-term outcomes for ampullary carcinoma after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).

Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from 511 patients with ampullary carcinoma who underwent PD between June 2012 and June 2019. Nutritional status before and at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation was assessed by the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). Read More

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November 2021

Mismatch repair deficiency in early-onset duodenal, ampullary, and pancreatic carcinomas is a strong indicator for a hereditary defect.

J Pathol Clin Res 2022 03 6;8(2):181-190. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Pathology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) is a hallmark of Lynch syndrome (LS), but its prevalence in early-onset (diagnosed under the age of 50 years) duodenal, ampullary, and pancreatic carcinomas (DC, AC, and PC, respectively) is largely unknown. We explored the prevalence of dMMR and the underlying molecular mechanisms in a retrospectively collected cohort of 90 early-onset carcinomas of duodenal, ampullary, and pancreatic origin. dMMR was most prevalent in early-onset DCs (47. Read More

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Rare Orbital Metastasis Originating from Ampullary Adenocarcinoma.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Nov 12;57(11). Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 114, Taiwan.

Background: Orbital metastasis from ampullary carcinoma is rare, with no previously reported cases.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 60-year-old man who complained of a right-sided headache, blurred vision, progressive proptosis, ptosis, and right eye pain for 3 months. His past medical history included an ampullary adenocarcinoma stage IIIA treated via the Whipple procedure and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy 1 year ago. Read More

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November 2021