332,428 results match your criteria American journal of speech-language pathology / American Speech-Language-Hearing Association[Journal]
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology and Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt; Minia University Spine Unit (MUSU), Faculty of Medicine, Minia University. Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt. Electronic address:
Background Data: Complexity in ventral surgical exposure, presence of scapula and large para-scapular musculature during posterior surgery are the main obstacles in operative treatment of Upper Thoracic Spine Compressive Lesions (UTSCL) like trauma, tuberculosis and neoplasm. Recently, the advantages of combined ventro-dorsal surgery could be successfully gained using 1-stage posterior salvage technique with enough accessibility to all three spinal columns.
Purpose: Retrospective evaluation of 35 patients with UTSCL treated by Posterior Extensive Circumferential Decompressive Reconstructive (PECDR) procedure. Read More
Prev Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.
Complex interrelationships between race, sex, obesity and depression have been well-documented. Because of differences in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health by race, determining the role of SES may help to further explicate these relationships. The aim of this study was to determine how race and income interact with obesity on depression. Read More
Gastroenterology 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Epidemiology and Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.
Background & Aims: Increasing rates of young-onset colorectal cancer (CRC) have attracted substantial research and media attention, but we know little about racial disparities among younger adults with CRC. We examined racial disparities in young-onset CRC by comparing CRC incidence and relative survival among younger (age <50 years) adults, in 2 time periods.
Methods: Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program of cancer registries, we estimated CRC incidence rates (per 100,000 persons ages 20 - 54 years) from 1992 through 2014, for different time periods (1992-1996 vs 2010-2014) and races (white vs black). Read More
Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, 1881 Natural Area Dr., Gainesville, FL, 32608, United States.
Methods for collecting mosquitoes without the use of electricity are advantageous in remote field locations where electricity is not present or is unreliable. Here we report on the development and evaluation of a human-powered system for sampling cavity-resting mosquitoes. The system is composed of a spring-steel framed resting shelter and pneumatic lid that "pumps" mosquitoes resting within the shelter into a capture chamber when the resting shelter is manually compressed. Read More
Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 6:33354918813106. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
3 Association of American Colleges & Universities, Washington, DC, USA.
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):118-125
Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Introduction: Quadrilateral plate fractures are the most difficult to reduce and fix. Different techniques have been developed for quadrilateral plate osteosynthesis. The objective of this work was to create an implant and a novel approach to simplify and improve acetabular fracture osteosynthesis. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;12:CD009269. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
BC Centre on Substance Use, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, 611 Powell Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6A 1H2.
Background: Problem alcohol use is common among people who use illicit drugs (PWID) and is associated with adverse health outcomes. It is also an important factor contributing to a poor prognosis among drug users with hepatitis C virus (HCV) as it impacts on progression to hepatic cirrhosis or opioid overdose in PWID.
Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in PWID (users of opioids and stimulants). Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;12:CD009461. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Academic Centre for General Practice, Cochrane Belgium, Kapucijnenvoer 33, blok J bus 7001, Leuven, Belgium, 3000.
Background: Observational studies suggest higher pregnancy rates after the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine adhesions, which are present in 10% to 15% of women seeking treatment for subfertility.
Objectives: To assess the effects of the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine adhesions suspected on ultrasound, hysterosalpingography, diagnostic hysteroscopy or any combination of these methods in women with otherwise unexplained subfertility or prior to intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Search Methods: We searched the following databases from their inception to 16 April 2018; The Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Studies Online, ; MEDLINE, Embase , CINAHL , and other electronic sources of trials including trial registers, sources of unpublished literature, and reference lists. Read More
Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a standardized assessment developed for Spanish-English dual language learners (SEDLLs) differentiates SEDLLs with language impairment (LI) from children with typical language better than the translated/adapted Spanish and/or English version of a standardized assessment and to determine if adding informal measure/s to the standardized assessment increases the classification accuracy.
Method: Standardized and informal language assessment measures were administered to 30 Mexican American 4- to 5-year-old SEDLLs to determine the predictive value of each measure and the group of measures that best identified children with LI and typical language. Discriminant analyses were performed on the data set. Read More
J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 Dec 6:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Center for Research and Training, Framingham, MA.
Purpose: This article examines whether syntactic and vocabulary abilities in American Sign Language (ASL) facilitate 6 categories of language-based analogical reasoning.
Method: Data for this study were collected from 267 deaf participants, aged 7;6 (years;months) to 18;5. The data were collected from an ongoing study initially funded by the U. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
TOBB Economy and Technology University, Cardiology Department, Ankara, Turkey.
Background: Platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been demonstrated as an risk and prognostic marker in many of cardiovascular diseases. Relationship between PLR and severity of carotid stenosis has been shown. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between PLR and all cause mortality in patients with carotid arterial disease. Read More
J Oncol Pract 2018 Dec 6:JOP1800613. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, the Netherlands; American Society of Clinical Oncology, Alexandria, VA; and Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL.
Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(12):582-588
Consultant nurse, physical healthcare, West London Mental Health Trust.
Faecal incontinence (FI) is a hidden problem that is under-diagnosed, under-investigated and under treated. Up to 10% of adults can experience an episode of FI. The prevalence of FI in the adult population has been estimated at 0. Read More
Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.
Objectives: To ascertain the opinions of North American genitourinary (GU) experts regarding inclusion of technologies such as prostate - specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and C - 11 choline positron emission tomography (PET) into routine practice.
Materials And Methods: A survey was distributed to North American GU experts. Questions pertained to the role of PSMA and C - 11 PET in PCa management. Read More
Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 20;44. Epub 2018 Oct 20.
American Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
Introduction: The success of the robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) procedures depend on a successful team, however the literature focuses on the performance of a console surgeon. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes of the surgeons during the learning curve in relation to the bedside assistant's experience level during RARP.
Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed two non - laparoscopic, beginner robotic surgeon's cases, and we divided the patients into two groups. Read More
Depress Anxiety 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) in college students is associated with substantial burden.
Aims: To assess 1-year incidence of MDD among incoming freshmen and predictors of MDD-incidence in a representative sample of students.
Method: Prospective cohort study of first-year college students (baseline: n = 2,519, 1-year follow-up: n = 958) RESULTS: The incidence of MDD within the first year of college was 6. Read More
J Intern Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK.
Background: A lack of consensus exists among national guidelines regarding who should be investigated for haematuria. Type of haematuria and age specific thresholds are frequently used to guide referral for investigation of haematuria.
Objectives: To develop and externally validate the haematuria cancer risk score (HCRS) to improve patient selection for investigation of haematuria. Read More
Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.
Background: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare myeloid neoplasm characterized by the presence of abnormal CD1a-positive (CD1a )/CD207 histiocytes. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) represents a spectrum of hyperinflammatory syndromes typified by the dysregulated activation of the innate and adaptive immune systems. Patients with LCH, particularly those with multisystem (MS) involvement, can develop severe hyperinflammation mimicking that observed in HLH. Read More
Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.
Background: Combined BRAF and MEK inhibition (BRAF-MEK) is a standard therapy for patients with BRAF V600-mutant melanoma, but to the authors' knowledge, the tolerance, adverse event (AE) profile, and efficacy have not been well defined in the post-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) setting.
Methods: Patients with BRAF V600-mutant melanoma who received combined BRAF-MEK after prior PD-1-based therapy were assembled from 4 tertiary care centers in the United States and Australia. Dose modification was defined as a treatment break, dose reduction, or intermittent dosing. Read More
Syst Biol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, USA.
Species are the starting point for most studies of ecology and evolution, but the proper circumscription of species can be extremely difficult in morphologically variable lineages, and there are still few convincing examples of molecularly-informed species delimitation in plants. We focus here on the Viburnum nudum complex, a highly variable clade that is widely distributed in eastern North America. Taxonomic treatments have mostly divided this complex into northern (V. Read More
Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA.
Introduction: National and international organizations have done an excellent job of advocating and promoting breast feeding for all mothers. This study assessed to what extent an intervention increased delivery of cessation assistance to breast-feeding mothers who smoke.
Methods: Data were collected between April and October 2015 in five US states as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 pediatric practices. Read More
Hum Reprod 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Graduate School of Health Sciences, Koc University, Davutpasa, Topkapi, Istanbul, Turkey.
Study Question: Are there any differences in the molecular characteristics of the luteal granulosa cells (GC) obtained from stimulated versus non-stimulated (natural) IVF cycles that may help explain the defective luteal phase in the former?
Summary Answer: Luteal GC of stimulated IVF cycles, particularly those of agonist-triggered antagonist cycles, are less viable ex vivo, express LH receptor and anti-apoptotic genes at lower levels, undergo apoptosis earlier and fail to maintain their estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) production in comparison to natural cycle GC.
What Is Known Already: Luteal function is defective in stimulated IVF cycles, which necessitates P4 and/or hCG administration (known as luteal phase support) in order to improve clinical pregnancy rates and prevent miscarriage. The luteal phase becomes shorter and menstruation begins earlier than a natural cycle if a pregnancy cannot be achieved, indicative of early demise of corpus luteum (premature luteolysis). Read More
Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Objective: Typical executive functioning (EF) measurements do not reflect the complexity of daily life. We derived an executive behavior screener from the BASC-2-PRS-A using a previously derived four-component model of EF and provided support for the use of the screener in adolescent populations.
Methods: A total of 2,722 census-matched American adolescents were sampled. Read More
JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Medicine, Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles.
Importance: The 2013/2014 American Society of Clinical Oncology and College of American Pathologists (ASCO-CAP) guidelines for HER2 testing by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) designated an "equivocal" category (average HER2 copies per tumor cell ≥4-6 with HER2/CEP17 ratio <2.0) to be resolved as negative or positive by assessments with alternative control probes. Approximately 4% to 12% of all invasive breast cancers are characterized as HER2-equivocal based on FISH. Read More
J Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
From the Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ.
Richard Morris Hunt, a distinguished American architect of the late 19th century (the Gilded Age), had onset of gout at age 41 years. His attacks became more frequent and severe, eventually leading to chronic pain and disability. His medical care by highly regarded physicians resulted in very limited benefit, but through his dedication and work ethic, he remained productive until his death at age 67 years. Read More
Elife 2018 Dec 6;7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Divisions of Human Biology and Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Washington, United States.
Interferon (IFN) inhibits HIV replication by inducing antiviral effectors. To comprehensively identify IFN-induced HIV restriction factors, we assembled a CRISPR sgRNA library of Interferon Stimulated Genes (ISGs) into a modified lentiviral vector that allows for packaging of sgRNA-encoding genomes into budding HIV-1 particles. We observed that knockout of Zinc Antiviral Protein (ZAP) improved the performance of the screen due to ZAP-mediated inhibition of the vector. Read More
J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of white spot lesions (WSLs) in various practice settings and patient populations, and to gather information about the treatment timing and modalities used by pediatric dentists in the United States.
Study Design: A fourteen question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed and distributed to 6,092 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members.
Results: A total of 625 active members responded, garnering a 9. Read More
Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1218-1225
Joint Program of Family Medicine, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.
Objectives: To assess knowledge and practice levels in asymptomatic hyperuricemia (AH) and investigate predictors of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) misprescribing among primary health care (PHC) physicians.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 201 PHC physicians from December 2017 to May 2018. A based clinical guidelines for hyperuricemia management from American Professional Organizations, a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect demographic and professional data; knowledge and practice levels in management of AH; and barriers to the management of hyperuricemia and gout, with focus of the misprescribing of ULT in AH. Read More
J Helminthol 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Botany and Zoology,Faculty of Science,Masaryk University,Brno,Czech Republic.
Species identification based on the morphometry of opisthaptoral hard parts, in combination with internal transcribed spacer ribosomal DNA (ITS rDNA) region sequences, confirmed the presence of four viviparous Gyrodactylus von Nordman, 1832 (Plathyhelminthes, Monogenea) species on Nototheniid fish from the Prince Gustav Channel (Weddell Sea, Antarctica). Gyrodactylus antarcticus Gusev, 1967 was found mostly on Trematomus newnesi Boulenger (93 specimens) but also on T. bernacchii Boulenger (one specimen), the latter representing a new host record for this species. Read More
Cell Transplant 2018 Dec 6:963689718816989. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
1 Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
The selection of optimal pancreas donors is one of the key factors in determining the ultimate outcome of clinical islet isolation. North American Islet Donor Score (NAIDS) allows for estimating the chance of the success of islet isolation. It was developed based on the data from over 1000 donors from 11 islet isolation centers and validated in the University of Alberta, Edmonton, on the cohort from the most active islet transplant center. Read More
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
FIMARAD, Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, Paris, France.
The market of tattoo removal is constantly rising . Recent American polls showed a growing proportion of tattooed individuals that regretted getting tattooed: nearly one fourth (23%) in 2016 against 14% in 2012 . In France, a recent poll in 2016 in France showed that 7% of the tattooed individuals had a tattoo removed . Read More
Hepatology 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Hepatobiliary Surgery Department, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) depends on disease staging, which is usually performed according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) system. Although the BCLC system is recommended in the guidelines from the European Association for the Study of the Liver, the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, and the European Society for Medical Oncology , its treatment recommendations for intermediate and advanced HCC are inconsistent with the literature. This article is protected by copyright. Read More
J Neurovirol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Psychiatry, 1E.1 WC Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2R7, Canada.
The measurement and determinants of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) are under intense debate. We used latent profile analysis (LPA) and machine learning to define neurocognitive performance profiles and identify their associated risk factors in HIV patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Neurocognitive performance was assessed by a multidomain neuropsychological test battery. Read More
Cancer Causes Control 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA.
The nine habits of successful comprehensive cancer control coalitions (Nine Habits) is a guide that outlines the key elements of successful comprehensive cancer control (CCC) coalitions. The guide was developed under the auspices of the Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partnership (CCCNP) and is based on evaluation including a literature review, qualitative and quantitative data collection from high-performing comprehensive cancer control coalitions. Comprehensive cancer control coalitions are made up of key stakeholders who come together to create a shared vision and shared plans to fight cancer, improve health outcomes, and reduce the burden from cancer. Read More
J Youth Adolesc 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1521, USA.
Cross-ethnic friendships are linked to a range of positive outcomes in adolescence, but have been shown to be lower quality and less stable than same-ethnic friendships. The current study examined how classroom diversity and out-of-school contact contribute to these relational differences between cross-and same-ethnic friendships. Multilevel analyses were conducted on a sample of 9,171 classroom-based friends nested within 4,333 ethnically diverse sixth grade students (54% female; 32% Latino, 20% White, 14% East/Southeast Asian, 12% African American, 14% Multiethnic, 8% Other ethnic). Read More
Reprod Biomed Soc Online 2018 Aug 7;6:72-79. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Yale University, Fertility Center, New Haven, CT, USA.
This study examined the attitudes of obstetrics and gynaecology (OB/GYN) resident physicians to initiating patient discussions regarding medical and elective oocyte cryopreservation (OC). The study used a cross-sectional online survey of OB/GYN medical residents in the USA, sampled from residency programmes approved by the American Council for Graduate Medical Education. In total, 208 medical residents, distributed evenly between postgraduate years 1-4, participated in the study. Read More
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2019 Jan 26;14:33-39. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Background And Purpose: Accurate delineation of the primary tumour is vital to the success of radiotherapy and even more important for successful boost strategies, aiming for improved local control in oesophageal cancer patients. Therefore, the aim was to assess delineation variability of the gross tumour volume (GTV) between CT and combined PET-CT in oesophageal cancer patients in a multi-institutional study.
Materials And Methods: Twenty observers from 14 institutes delineated the primary tumour of 6 cases on CT and PET-CT fusion. Read More
Data Brief 2018 Dec 9;21:1823-1828. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Girne American University, Marketing Department, via Mersin 10, North Cyprus, Turkey.
The central purpose of this data article is to empirically investigate the relationships among social media marketing (SMM) activities, brand loyalty and revisit intention in five-star hotels in Northern Cyprus. Few researchers have investigated SMM activities, while none has looked at how SMM activities can be used toward improving brand loyalty and revisit intention in the tourism service industry. Hence, data gathered for the purposes of this research add to our understanding of today׳s social media marketing as a new generation marketing tool. Read More
Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 17;8(22):10976-10988. Epub 2018 Oct 17.
The ANIMAL Research Centre: Health + Ecology + Conservation University of the Sunshine Coast Maroochydore Queensland Australia.
Resource limitations often prevent the active management required to maintain habitat quality in protected areas. Because restrictions in access or allowable public activities are the sole conservation measure in these locations, an important question to consider is whether species of conservation concern truly benefit from parcels that are shielded from human disturbance. Here, we assess the conservation benefit of protecting birds from human recreation on over 204 km of sandy beaches by (a) estimating the total area of beach-nesting bird habitat that has been created by conservation protections; (b) quantifying the change in nesting habitat extent should further conservation protections be implemented; and (c) providing data to inform future protected area expansion. Read More
J Cancer 2018 22;9(23):4398-4403. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, No. 126 Xiantai Street, Changchun, 130000, People's Republic of China.
The purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) between elderly and non-elderly patients with gastric cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed using clinical and follow-up data from 168 patients treated with LTG for gastric cancer at our institution from January 2010 to December 2017. For this study, the short- and long-term outcomes (including tumor recurrence rate, disease-free survival rate, and overall survival rate) were compared between the elderly group (≥70 years) and non-elderly group (<70 years). Read More