344,082 results match your criteria American journal of respiratory medicine : drugs devices and other interventions[Journal]


Patellofemoral Arthroplasty: Short-Term Complications and Risk Factors.

J Knee Surg 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Division of Adult Reconstruction, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, New York, New York.

There is a paucity of literature regarding the short-term readmission, reoperation, and complication rates of patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA). The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence and risk factors of 30-day postoperative complications in patients undergoing PFA. A retrospective cohort study of subjects who underwent PFA from 2010 to 2015 was performed using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688960DOI Listing
May 2019
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Factors Influencing Survivorship in Vasculopathic Patients.

J Knee Surg 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with peripheral vascular disease has sparsely been studied. This study examined patient and radiographic factors that could affect reoperation free survival in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed TKA procedures performed in patients with nonpalpable pulses on physical examination between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688929DOI Listing

Atrial fibrillation, not atrial cardiopathy, is associated with stroke: A single center retrospective study.

J Neurol Sci 2019 May 15;402:69-73. Epub 2019 May 15.

Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Hospital, USA; Wayne State University, School of Medicine, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of thromboembolism. Atrial cardiopathy, defined as structural left atrial enlargement (LAE), has been proposed to be a unifying risk factor for stroke, with or without atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to understand the relative importance of LAE and AF as risk factors for stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2019.05.012DOI Listing

A reproductive justice approach to understanding women's experiences with HPV and cervical cancer prevention.

Soc Sci Med 2019 May 10;232:289-297. Epub 2019 May 10.

Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, USA.

Cervical cancer is a preventable disease. HPV infection has been linked to more than 90% of cervical cancers. A vaccine to prevent the acquisition of HPV has been available since 2006. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.05.010DOI Listing

Comparison of Haemostatic Gelatin Sponge Impregnated with Ropivacaine versus Normal Saline applied on the Transverse Process of the Operated Vertebrae on Post-Operative Pain in Patients Undergoing Spinal Instrumentation Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

World Neurosurg 2019 May 20. Epub 2019 May 20.

Medical School, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Protocols for effective postoperative pain control in patients undergoing spinal surgery are not standardized. In our study, we compared the effect of haemostatic absorbable gelatin sponge impregnated with ropivacaine versus normal saline when applied to the transverse process of the operated vertebrae on the postoperative pain following instrumentation spine surgery.

Methods: A prospective double blind randomized study was conducted on 30 patients undergoing spine surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.05.101DOI Listing

Pregnancies and obstetrical prognosis after oocyte donation in Turner Syndrome: A multicentric study.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 May 11;238:73-77. Epub 2019 May 11.

Univ Rennes, CHU, Centre d'AMP- CECOS, 16 Boulevard de Bulgarie, 35000, Rennes, France; Univ Rennes, CHU Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de recherche en santé, environnement et travail)-UMR_S 1085, F-35000 Rennes, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Turner syndrome is one of the most frequent chromosomal abnormalities in women, with a prevalence estimated to be 1 of 2500 live birth. Pregnancy in women with Turner syndrome is known to be at high risk, whether it is spontaneous or after oocyte donation, because of miscarriages and potential cardio-vascular complications which can be life-threatening. All of these patients should therefore be screened with a comprehensive cardio-vascular assessment before pregnancy, and have a close follow-up during and after pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2019.05.012DOI Listing

Phylogeny of the genus Hypophthalmus Cuvier, 1829 (Pimelodidae - Siluriformes), based on a multilocus analysis, indicates diversification and introgression in the Amazon basin.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2019 May 20. Epub 2019 May 20.

Laboratório de Microbiologia do Pescado, Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Estudos Costeiros. Alameda Leandro Ribeiro, s/n, Aldeia, 68600-000, Bragança, Pará, Brasil. Electronic address:

The genus Hypophthalmus encompasses four valid South American freshwater catfish species: H. marginatus, H. edentatus, H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.05.017DOI Listing

The association of TV viewing during dinner meals with quality of dietary intake and BMI z-scores among low income ethnic minority preschool children.

Appetite 2019 May 20. Epub 2019 May 20.

USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: TV viewing has been associated with children's weight status and is thought to be mediated mostly through children's dietary intake. However, the mechanisms underlying this association are not understood.

Objective: Assess the associations of having the TV on and the child watching TV during dinners with the dietary quality consumed at that meal and with the child's weight status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.05.023DOI Listing

Competency in Esophagogastroduodenoscopy: A Validated Tool for Assessment and Generalizable Benchmarks for Gastroenterology Fellows.

Gastrointest Endosc 2019 May 20. Epub 2019 May 20.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: The Assessment of Competency in Endoscopy (ACE) tools for colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were both put forth by the Training Committee of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), with the intent of providing teachers and programs a means to continuously assess fellow skills in these procedures throughout their years of training. Despite the availability of the tools, there are no data that define when competency in EGD has been reached. The goal of this study is to validate the EGD ACE tool (ACE-E) and for the first time describe learning curves and competency benchmarks for esophagogastroduodenoscopy by examining a large national cohort of trainees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2019.05.024DOI Listing

Localized Renal Masses: Comment on Recent American Urological Association Guideline.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2019 Jun;143(6):659

5  Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2019-0023-LEDOI Listing

Proof of principle: Preoperative cognitive reserve and brain integrity predicts intra-individual variability in processed EEG (Bispectral Index Monitor) during general anesthesia.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(5):e0216209. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida College of Public Health and Health Professions, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America.

Background: Preoperative cognitive reserve and brain integrity may explain commonly observed intraoperative fluctuations seen on a standard anesthesia depth monitor used ubiquitously in operating rooms throughout the nation. Neurophysiological variability indicates compromised regulation and organization of neural networks. Based on theories of neuronal integrity changes that accompany aging, we assessed the relative contribution of: 1) premorbid cognitive reserve, 2) current brain integrity (gray and white matter markers of neurodegenerative disease), and 3) current cognition (specifically domains of processing speed/working memory, episodic memory, and motor function) on intraoperative neurophysiological variability as measured from a common intraoperative tool, the Bispectral Index Monitor (BIS). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0216209PLOS
May 2019
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Occupational Therapy Interventions for Children and Youth With Challenges in Sensory Integration and Sensory Processing: A School-Based Practice Case Example.

Am J Occup Ther 2019 May/Jun;73(3):7303390010p1-7303390010p8

Roseann Schaaf, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy and Faculty of the Faber Institute for Neuroscience, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

Evidence Connection articles provide case examples of how practice decisions may be informed by findings of systematic reviews sponsored by the American Occupational Therapy Association Evidence-Based Practice Project. This Evidence Connection article is the second article in a two-part series. The first article described a case report of occupational therapy provided to a child with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and challenges in sensory integration in a clinic setting (Parham et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.733001DOI Listing

Occupational Therapy Practitioners' Perceptions About Older Adults With Developmental Disabilities in Traditional Health Care Settings.

Am J Occup Ther 2019 May/Jun;73(3):7303345010p1-7303345010p6

Nisreen Amir, MOT, OTR/L, is Lead Occupational Therapist, Lexington Healthcare Center of Orland Park, IL. At the time of this study, she was Student, Occupational Therapy Department, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL.

Importance: Health care providers' knowledge of and comfort working with adults with developmental disabilities (DD) affect the quality of care this growing population receives. Previous research on this topic has not included occupational therapy practitioners.

Objective: To determine occupational therapy practitioners' views about working with older adults with DD in traditional health care settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.029835DOI Listing
May 2019
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Latino-American Mothers' Perspectives on Feeding Their Young Children: A Qualitative Study.

Am J Occup Ther 2019 May/Jun;73(3):7303205110p1-7303205110p11

Ching-Fan Sheu, PhD, is Professor, Institute of Education, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Objective: We explored the cultural beliefs that influence Latino-American mothers' feeding practices with their young children and the sources they referenced in making food choices for their children.

Method: We conducted semistructured interviews with 12 Latino-American mothers focusing on their experiences of feeding their young children. Data analysis, based in grounded theory, consisted of interview transcription, content analysis, coding, and theme development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.031336DOI Listing
May 2019
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Pediatric Asthma Among Small Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups: An Analysis of the 2006-2015 National Health Interview Survey.

Public Health Rep 2019 May 23:33354919849943. Epub 2019 May 23.

1 Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Few studies have examined the asthma burden among small racial/ethnic minority groups such as Asian children. We examined asthma disparities among children aged 4-17 in 6 small non-Hispanic racial/ethnic minority groups (American Indian/Alaska Native [AI/AN], Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, other Asian, and multiple race) by using the 2006-2015 National Health Interview Survey. These small minority groups represented a weighted 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354919849943DOI Listing
May 2019
1.644 Impact Factor

Clarification of references to medication adherence scale.

Authors:

Am J Manag Care 2019 May;25(5):256

Correction to the Trends From the Field article, "Health Literacy, Preventive Health Screening, and Medication Adherence Behaviors of Older African Americans at a PCMH," published in the September 2018 issue of The American Journal of Managed Care. Read More

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DETECTION OF SP. IN INDOCHINESE BOX TURTLES ().

J Zoo Wildl Med 2019 Apr;50(1):254-257

Wildlife Epidemiology Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61802, USA.

species are important pathogens of captive and free-ranging chelonians. Bourret's box turtle () is a critically endangered species of Indochinese box turtle in the family Geoemydidae. Four privately owned wild-caught Bourret's box turtles were presented for clinical evaluation for anorexia and lethargy following shipment from a reptile wholesaler 3 wk prior. Read More

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https://bioone.org/journals/journal-of-zoo-and-wildlife-medi
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2018-0091DOI Listing
April 2019
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NOVEL POXVIRAL INFECTION IN THREE FINCH SPECIES ILLEGALLY IMPORTED INTO TRINIDAD, WEST INDIES, WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR NATIVE BIRDS.

J Zoo Wildl Med 2019 Apr;50(1):231-237

Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

(Large-billed Seed-Finch), and (Grey Seedeater) are finch species native to the Caribbean island of Trinidad. These species are locally trapped and kept for their song, but with declining native populations, enthusiasts have turned to illegally importing birds from the South American mainland. The smuggling of wild birds from South America poses significant disease risks to the native bird species of Trinidad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2018-0001DOI Listing

HEMATOLOGICAL REFERENCE INTERVALS OF ENDANGERED CAPTIVE BLACK-FRONTED PIPING-GUANS () IN THE STATE OF PARANÁ, BRAZIL.

J Zoo Wildl Med 2019 Apr;50(1):199-204

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná, 80035-050, Cabral, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

The black-fronted piping-guan () is and an endangered cracid species and little is known about its health. Hematology allows researchers to assess the health and physiological status of a population, but, to our knowledge, reference intervals are not available in the literature for . Thus, the present study aimed to determine the hematological reference intervals of 31 captive black-fronted pipingguan adults in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2017-0041DOI Listing

2-PHENOXYETHANOL (2-PE) AND TRICAINE METHANESULFONATE (MS-222) IMMERSION ANESTHESIA OF AMERICAN HORSESHOE CRABS ().

J Zoo Wildl Med 2019 Apr;50(1):96-106

Departments of Clinical Sciences.

Despite extensive literature examining American horseshoe crab physiology, there are comparatively few publications addressing their medical care. Establishing anesthesia protocols for horseshoe crabs is integral to limiting the potential stress and pain associated with invasive procedures and for advancing euthanasia techniques. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of two immersion anesthetics, tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222) at 1 g/L (buffered with sodium carbonate) and 2-phenoxyethanol (2-PE) at 2 mL/L, on horseshoe crabs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2018-0085DOI Listing

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Solid Organ Transplantation - Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice.

Clin Transplant 2019 May 23:e13611. Epub 2019 May 23.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Medicine, New York, United States.

These updated guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice review the epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention and management of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in solid organ transplantation. Despite an increasing armamentarium of antimicrobials active against MRSA, improved diagnostic tools, and overall declining rates of infection, MRSA infections remain a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant recipients. Pre- and post-transplant MRSA colonization is a significant risk factor for post-transplant MRSA infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13611DOI Listing
May 2019
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Effect of Spirometry on Exhaled Nitric Oxide Values in Asthmatic Children.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

National Hospital Organization Fukuoka Hospital, 4-39-1 Yakatabaru Minami-ku, Fukuoka, Japan.

Measurement of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is important for asthma management. Regarding interpretation of FeNO, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) / European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines recommended that FeNO should be done first because hyperventilation maneuvers like spirometry have been shown to transiently reduce the exhaled NO level (1,2,3,4). However, in daily clinical practice, there are some situations where we want to evaluate FeNO after hyperventilation. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/pai.13086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13086DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

The effect of treatment on patient-reported distress after breast cancer diagnosis.

Cancer 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Distress Thermometer (DT) uses a 10-point scale (in which 0 indicates no distress and 10 indicates extreme distress) to measure patient-reported distress. In the current study, the authors sought to examine the relationship between treatment and NCCN DT scores in patients with breast cancer over time.

Methods: The authors included women aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with stage 0 to stage IV breast cancer (according to the seventh edition of the American Joint Commission on Cancer staging system) at a 3-hospital health system from January 2014 to July 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32174DOI Listing

Race and risk of subsequent aggressive breast cancer following ductal carcinoma in situ.

Cancer 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Background: General populations of black women have a higher risk of developing breast cancer negative for both estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) in comparison with white counterparts. Racial differences remain unknown in the risk of developing aggressive invasive breast cancer (IBC) that is characterized by negativity for both ER and PR (ER-PR-) or higher 21-gene recurrence scores after ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).

Methods: This study identified 163,892 women (10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32200DOI Listing

Evolutionary integration and modularity in the archosaur cranium.

Integr Comp Biol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Life Sciences Department, Vertebrates Division, Natural History Museum, London, UK.

Complex structures, like the vertebrate skull, are composed of numerous elements or traits that must develop and evolve in a coordinated manner to achieve multiple functions. The strength of association among phenotypic traits (i.e. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/icb/advance-article/doi/10.1093/icb
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icz052DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Development of a decision-making checklist tool to support technology selection in digital health research.

Transl Behav Med 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Beth Israel Deconess Medical Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

Digital technologies offer researchers new approaches to test personalized and adaptive health interventions tailored to an individual. Yet, research leveraging technologies to capture personal health data involve technical and ethical consideration during the study design phase. No guidance exists to facilitate responsible digital technology selection for research purposes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tbm/ibz074DOI Listing
May 2019
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Cross-Cultural Comparisons of School Leadership using Rasch Measurement.

J Appl Meas 2019 ;20(2):167-183

Sijia Zhang, Family, Infant and Preschool Program, 300 Enola Rd., Morganton, NC 28655, USA,

School leadership influences school conditions and organizational climate; these conditions in turn impact student outcomes. Accordingly, examining differences in principals' perceptions of leadership activities within and across countries may provide insight into achievement differences. The major purpose of this study was to explore differences in the relative difficulty of principals' leadership activities across four countries that reflect Asian and North American national contexts: (1) Hong Kong SAR, (2) Chinese Taipei, (3) the United States, and (4) Canada. Read More

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January 2019

Value of follow-up angiography: additional interventions in patients undergoing catheter-directed thrombolysis for massive and submassive pulmonary embolism.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Radiology, Rush University School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Purpose: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) is an emerging, minimally invasive treatment for patients with massive and submassive pulmonary embolism (PE). The value of follow-up pulmonary angiography for evaluating improvement after CDT is limited by a paucity of large studies assessing its utility and role for additional intervention. The purpose of our study was to assess the role of next-day pulmonary angiography for CDT in patients with acute massive and submassive PE undergoing continuous pulmonary arterial pressure monitoring, and secondarily, determine factors that are correlated with a need for further therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2019.18142DOI Listing

Eliciting the Student Perspective on Point-of-Care Diagnostic Testing in Association with a Primary Care Rotation.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 19;46(2):225-234. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The majority of North American veterinary students enter general practice upon graduation. Tertiary teaching hospitals provide extensive case exposure; however, primary case responsibility and decision making are often provided by clinical faculty members. Primary care services at veterinary teaching hospitals are a central component of student preparation for general practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-102r1DOI Listing
December 2018

Hospital Telehealth Adoption Increased in 2014 and 2015 and Was Influenced by Population, Hospital, and Policy Characteristics.

Telemed J E Health 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

5 Department of Emergency Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2019.0029DOI Listing
May 2019
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Influence of culture and age on the self-reference effect.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2019 May 23:1-15. Epub 2019 May 23.

a Department of Psychology , Brandeis University , Waltham , USA.

Relating information to oneself can enhance memory for young and older adults. However, most studies investigating self-referencing have focused on Western populations, for whom the self is considered an independent and distinct entity. Whether self-referencing as a mnemonic strategy similarly benefits East Asians, cultures associated with interdependent self-construal, has been investigated little, particularly with age. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13825585.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2019.1620913DOI Listing
May 2019
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The Gut Microbiome and Food as Medicine: Healthy Microbiomes = Healthy Humans.

Am J Health Promot 2019 Jun;33(5):821-824

2 ACLM, Spearfish, SD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890117119845711bDOI Listing

Contraceptive Beliefs and Practices of American Muslim Women.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2019 May 22. Epub 2019 May 22.

1 Los Angeles BioMedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California.

To assess contraceptive beliefs and practices among American Muslim women residing in Southern California. English speaking Muslim women were approached in Southern California mosques and online and asked to participate in a survey about birth control. Primary outcome measures included the belief that Islam permitted use of contraceptives to prevent pregnancy, to treat menstrual disorders, and to suppress menstrual flow that would prevent attendance at religious rituals; personal contraceptive use was also assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7500DOI Listing

Psychometric validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder-20 Test among Chinese middle school and university students.

J Behav Addict 2019 May 23:1-11. Epub 2019 May 23.

1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS), University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Macao, China.

Background And Aims: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was proposed in of American Psychiatric Association as an area warranting more research attention. High prevalence of excessive Internet game use and related addictions has been reported in China, especially among youth; however, there is a lack of psychometrically and theoretically sound instruments for assessing IGD in the Chinese language.

Methods: This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGD-20 Test) among Chinese middle school ( = 569;  = 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.8.2019.18DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Behavioral effects of chronic WIN 55,212-2 administration during adolescence and adulthood in mice.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Psychology.

Marijuana, a psychoactive drug that activates cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptors in the brain, is the most prevalently abused illicit drug among American adolescents and young adults. However, the long-term consequences of adolescent exposure to cannabinoids on the brain and behavior remain poorly understood. In both humans and nonhumans, adolescence is characterized by the maturation of the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter system in the prefrontal cortex and striatum-brain regions that underlie choice and decision making and are densely packed with CB1 receptors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pha0000271DOI Listing

The relationship between fear of cancer recurrence and health behaviors: A nationwide longitudinal study of cancer survivors.

Health Psychol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Behavioral and Epidemiology Research Group.

Objective: The goal of this study was to examine fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and 2 health behaviors, physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake, from early to long-term survivorship in a large cohort of mixed cancer survivors.

Method: Group-based trajectory analyses and repeated measures analysis of variance were conducted on data collected in the American Cancer Society's Studies of Cancer Survivorship-I. Two thousand three hundred thirty-seven survivors of 10 cancers completed the survey at 3 time points (M = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000754DOI Listing

Independent and joint association of obesity and metabolic syndrome with depression and inflammation.

Health Psychol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University.

Objective: To investigate the separate and combined associations of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) with depression and the role of inflammation.

Method: Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and was defined with a cutpoint of ≥10. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 from measured height and weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000764DOI Listing

Keeping psychologists in the driver's seat: Four perspectives on quality improvement and clinical data registries.

Psychotherapy (Chic) 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

American Psychological Association.

Performance accountability-also frequently referred to as quality improvement in the fields of medicine and public policy-is under growing scrutiny in mental and behavioral health care. As one high-profile example, psychologists and other mental health providers will be deemed "eligible clinicians" under the 2015 Medicare Access and Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act starting in 2019. This will incentivize psychologists to track their Medicare patients' clinical outcomes and report them in data registries, and those who do not will suffer a reimbursement penalty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pst0000227DOI Listing

Cadmium Induces Migration of Colon Cancer Cells: Roles of Reactive Oxygen Species, P38 and Cyclooxygenase-2.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 ;52(6):1517-1534

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background/aims: Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal contaminant whose toxicity is associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of Cd-induced CRC malignancy remain obscure.

Methods: A monolayer scratch assay was employed to assess the migration of HT-29 human adenocarcinoma cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000106DOI Listing
January 2019
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A Cross-cultural exploration on the psychological aspects of skin color aesthetics: implications for sun-related behavior.

Transl Behav Med 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Sociocultural values toward skin color manifest in daily behaviors, such as sun-seeking behaviors in Euro-American culture and sun-protective behaviors in Chinese culture. However, little research has investigated how attitudes toward skin color affect sun-related behaviors in the face of conflicting cultural values. This study explores how sociocultural contexts shape attitudes toward skin color and sun-related behaviors in three groups of genetically Chinese women, located on a spectrum from predominantly Chinese culture to predominantly Euro-American culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tbm/ibz063DOI Listing

Age- and Sex-Dependent Patterns of Gut Microbial Diversity in Human Adults.

mSystems 2019 May 14;4(4). Epub 2019 May 14.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA

Gut microbial diversity changes throughout the human life span and is known to be associated with host sex. We investigated the association of age, sex, and gut bacterial alpha diversity in three large cohorts of adults from four geographical regions: subjects from the United States and United Kingdom in the American Gut Project (AGP) citizen-science initiative and two independent cohorts of Colombians and Chinese. In three of the four cohorts, we observed a strong positive association between age and alpha diversity in young adults that plateaued after age 40 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00261-19DOI Listing

Topical Steroids in Rhinosinusitis and Intraoperative Bleeding: More Harm Than Good?

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 May 23:145561319850817. Epub 2019 May 23.

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cattinara Hospital, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

The aim of this study was to assess whether the chronic preoperative administration of intranasal corticosteroids (INCs) in chronic rhinosinusitis with/without nasal polyposis (CRSwNP/CRSsNP, respectively) could significantly influence bleeding during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). We prospectively enrolled 109 patients (56 CRSwNP and 53 CRSsNP) candidate for FESS who underwent clinical evaluation and anamnestic data collection. They were allocated to 2 groups depending on whether or not they were chronic INC users, as declared at their first medical evaluation: chronic "INC users" represented the treated group, while "INC nonusers" formed the control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319850817DOI Listing
May 2019
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Phylogenetic Evidence of a Close Relationship between the Peruvian Strain Vfar-043 and Two U.S. Origin Iltv Field Strains.

Avian Dis 2018 Dec;62(4):388-396

Laboratorios de Investigación y Desarrollo, FARVET, Chincha Alta, 11702, Ica, Peru.

Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) is the causative agent of an acute respiratory avian disease known as infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT), which has been associated with economic losses in poultry. The presence of ILTV has been widely reported in South American countries; however, only one full genomic sequence (VFAR-043 strain) has been recently published, from an outbreak in Peru. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic relationship of the Peruvian strain with other ILTV strains from different geographic regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1637/11939-073018-Reg.1DOI Listing
December 2018

Hydralazine and nitrates in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

ESC Heart Fail 2019 May 22. Epub 2019 May 22.

Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Hydralazine and nitrate combination was the first treatment that showed improved survival of patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF) in the Vasodilator Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT trial) in 1986. This showed a 34% reduction of mortality at 2 years of follow-up in patients with advanced heart failure (New York Heart Association Class IV). The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi), beta-blockers, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, and most recently sacubitril-valsartan have superseded the combination of hydralazine and nitrates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.12459DOI Listing

Neonatal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Project in Japan.

Pediatr Int 2019 May 22. Epub 2019 May 22.

Kagoshima City Hospital, Department of Neonatology.

In July 2007, the Neonatal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (NCPR) program in Japan was launched to ensure that all staff involved in perinatal and neonatal medicine can learn and practice NCPR based on the Consensus on Science with Treatment Recommendations developed by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. In 1978 in North America, a working group on pediatric resuscitation was formed by the American Heart Association(AHA) Emergency Cardiac Care Committee and concluded that the resuscitation of newborns required a different strategy than the resuscitation of adults. The original first edition of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program textbook was published in 1987. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13897DOI Listing

Tear film, contact lenses and tear biomarkers.

Authors:
Mark Dp Willcox

Clin Exp Optom 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

This article summarises research undertaken since 1993 in the Willcox laboratory at the University of New South Wales, Sydney on the tear film, its interactions with contact lenses, and the use of tears as a source of biomarkers for ocular and non-ocular diseases. The proteome, lipidome and glycome of tears all contribute to important aspects of the tear film, including its structure, its ability to defend the ocular surface against microbes and to help heal ocular surface injuries. The tear film interacts with contact lenses in vivo and interactions between tears and lenses can affect the biocompatibility of lenses, and may be important in mediating discomfort responses during lens wear. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cxo.12918
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12918DOI Listing
May 2019
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Adjusted restricted mean survival times in observational studies.

Stat Med 2019 May 22. Epub 2019 May 22.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts.

In observational studies with censored data, exposure-outcome associations are commonly measured with adjusted hazard ratios from multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. The difference in restricted mean survival times (RMSTs) up to a pre-specified time point is an alternative measure that offers a clinically meaningful interpretation. Several regression-based methods exist to estimate an adjusted difference in RMSTs, but they digress from the model-free method of taking the area under the survival function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.8206DOI Listing

Genome-wide linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing identifies an ITGA2B mutation in a family with thrombocytopenia.

Br J Haematol 2019 May 23. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Hereditary thrombocytopenias can be subclassified based on mode of inheritance and platelet size. Here we report a family with autosomal dominant (AD) thrombocytopenia with normal platelet size. Linkage analysis and whole exome sequencing identified the R1026W substitution in ITGA2B as the causative defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15961DOI Listing

Comparison of the source and prognostic utility of cfDNA in trauma and sepsis.

Intensive Care Med Exp 2019 May 22;7(1):29. Epub 2019 May 22.

Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) may contribute to the pathophysiology of post-injury inflammation and coagulation in trauma. However, the source and mechanism of release of cfDNA in trauma is not well understood. One potential source of cfDNA is from Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs), released by activated neutrophils during the process of NETosis. Read More

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https://icm-experimental.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40635-019-0251-4DOI Listing
May 2019
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Evolution of antiemetic studies for radiation-induced nausea and vomiting within an outpatient palliative radiotherapy clinic.

Support Care Cancer 2019 May 22. Epub 2019 May 22.

Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: Radiation-induced nausea and vomiting (RINV) is a common side effect of radiotherapy and can affect up to 50-80% of patients, potentially causing detrimental effects to physical health, clinical efficacy, and patient quality of life. Antiemetic drugs act on receptors involved in the emesis pathway to block the uptake of neurotransmitters and inhibit stimulation of vomiting centers in the brain to prevent and treat RINV. The most commonly prescribed antiemetics for RINV are 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonists (5-HT3 RA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04870-6DOI Listing