371,719 results match your criteria American journal of reproductive immunology New York N.Y. : 1989[Journal]


[Thyroid nodules: The Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association from a European Perspective].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

In Germany and in other regions with former iodine deficiency, thyroid nodules and nodular goiter are still much more frequent than in the U.S.A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1018-2767DOI Listing

Online procurement of pet supplies and willingness to pay for veterinary telemedicine.

Prev Vet Med 2020 Jun 20;181:105073. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

American Veterinary Medical Association, Veterinary Economics Division, 1931N. Meacham Rd. Ste. 100, Schaumburg, IL 60173, United States. Electronic address:

Changing consumer shopping behaviors, and specifically the shift towards online procurement of goods and services, have altered the retail landscape of nearly all goods, including pet products and services. Whilst it is known and commonly discussed that less retail business for products and medications is being conducted in clinics than in the past, it is not well documented where that commerce is now taking place, and by what customer segments. For cats, dogs, and other pets, specialty food and food in general was purchased by a high percentage of respondents at the physical store. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105073DOI Listing

Evaluation of the perioperative effects of dexmedetomidine on tympanoplasty operations.

Am J Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 20;41(6):102619. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Medical School of Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Neurosurgery, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.

Purpose: This randomized double-blind study aimed to evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine on hemodynamic parameters and the quality of surgery and recovery criteria in tympanoplasty operations.

Materials And Methods: A total of 75 patients 18-55 years undergoing tympanoplasty, who were graded as American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, were randomly divided into three groups. Group 1 included patients receiving remifentanil alone, Group 2 included patients receiving dexmedetomidine + remifentanil and Group 3 included patients receiving dexmedetomidine + ½ remifentanil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102619DOI Listing

Acute and chronic vascular effects of inhaled crotonaldehyde in mice: Role of TRPA1.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2020 Jul 4:115120. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, United States of America; Christina Lee Brown Envirome Institute, University of Louisville, United States of America; Diabetes & Obesity Center, University of Louisville, United States of America; Superfund Research Center, University of Louisville, United States of America; Division of Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, United States of America. Electronic address:

Although crotonaldehyde (CR) is an abundant α,β-unsaturated aldehyde in mainstream cigarette smoke (MCS), the cardiovascular toxicity of inhaled CR is largely unexplored. Thus, male C57BL/6 J mice were exposed acutely (1 h, 6 h, and 4d) and chronically (12 weeks) to CR (at levels relevant to MCS; 1 and 3 ppm), and cardiovascular and systemic outcomes were measured in vivo and in vitro. Diastolic blood pressure was decreased (hypotension) by both acute and chronic CR exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2020.115120DOI Listing

Team clinic: Expansion of a multidisciplinary care model for adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Contemp Clin Trials 2020 Jul 4:106079. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes, & Metabolism, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Adolescent and young adults (AYA) with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) experience more difficulty with glycemic control than patients in all other age groups. The shared medical appointment (SMA) model has been effective in multiple healthcare populations, but the feasibility and effectiveness of SMA in AYA patients with T1D is unclear.

Methods: This research leverages the team's multidisciplinary expertise to develop an engaging intervention toolkit and test the implementation of the Team Clinic care model for the treatment of T1D among middle school adolescents in a large urban children's hospital serving an economically, racially and ethnically diverse population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2020.106079DOI Listing

Comparative proteomic profiling and functional characterization of venom pooled from captive crotalus durissus terrificus specimens and the Brazilian crotalic reference venom.

Toxicon 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Laboratório de Herpetologia, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, 05503-000, Brazil; Interunidades em Biotecnologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas-Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas-Instituto Butantan, Universidade de São Paulo, 05503-000, Brazil. Electronic address:

The South American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus spp has a wide geographic distribution in Brazil. Although responsible for only a low proportion of ophidian accidents, it is considered one of the most medically important species of venomous snakes due to the high mortality rate (1.87%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2020.07.001DOI Listing

Finding Time For Compassion In A Busy Emergency Department.

Authors:
Angela D Blood

Health Aff (Millwood) 2020 Jul;39(7):1263-1266

Angela D. Blood is the director of curricular resources at the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), in Washington, D.C.

A medical error in the emergency department causes emotional trauma for a patient, who seeks compassion in the aftermath. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.01315DOI Listing

Abandoning List Prices In Medicaid Drug Reimbursement Did Not Affect Spending.

Health Aff (Millwood) 2020 Jul;39(7):1202-1209

Gerard F. Anderson is a professor of health policy and management and a professor of international health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, a professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Hospital Finance and Management.

State fee-for-service Medicaid programs have traditionally based payments to pharmacies for drugs on a percentage of the drugs' list price. Because list prices have increased more quickly than the prices actually paid by pharmacies, estimating appropriate reimbursements has become challenging. In recent years most states have switched to models where payments were based instead on results from a survey of pharmacy invoices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.01354DOI Listing

Increases In Women's Political Representation Associated With Reductions In Child Mortality In Brazil.

Health Aff (Millwood) 2020 Jul;39(7):1166-1174

Olga L. Sarmiento is a full professor in the School of Medicine, University of the Andes.

We assessed the effects of female political representation on mortality among children younger than age five in Brazil and the extent to which this effect operates through coverage with conditional cash transfers and primary care services. We combined data on under-five mortality rates with data on women elected as mayors or representatives in state and federal legislatures for 3,167 municipalities during 2000-15. Results from fixed-effects regression models suggest that the election of a female mayor and increases in the shares of women elected to state legislatures and to the federal Chamber of Deputies to 20 percent or more were significantly associated with declines in under-five mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.01125DOI Listing

The new truffle genus and a new species of from semiarid grasslands of Hungary.

Mycologia 2020 Jul 7:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Plant Anatomy, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University , Pázmány Péter sétány 1/c, Budapest 1117, Hungary.

Truffles with distinct morphological and anatomical features were collected during a study of hypogeous fungi of semiarid sandy grasslands of the Great Hungarian Plain in Hungary, representing the westernmost localities of the Eurasian steppe belt. None of the ascomata were collected near ectomycorrhizal plant species, and none were identified as ectomycorrhizal during previous surveys in the collection area. We studied morphoanatomical characteristics of these truffles with light and scanning electron microscopy and investigated their phylogenetic positions based on analyses of different nuclear loci. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2020.1768760DOI Listing

Krukenberg's Spindles Strongly Suggest Long Anterior Zonule Associated Pigment Dispersion Mechanism in Older Patients.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2020 Jul;61(8)

,.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to further investigate factors associated with Krukenberg's spindle (KS) presence in a primary eye care setting.

Methods: As part of a larger investigation, several practitioners in an academic eye care facility in Chicago, IL, USA evaluated patients for the long anterior zonule (LAZ) trait during 2011 to 2018, and data were collected on ocular/systemic health, lifestyle, and demographic variables, including the presence of a KS. Multivariate regression was used to assess relationships to KS presence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.8.8DOI Listing

Profile of use and access to statins in patients with coronary arterial disease in an outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital.

Curr Med Res Opin 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Faculdade de Farmácia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

The aim of the study is to describe statin use pattern and access among individuals with coronary artery disease of a secondary care service of the Brazilian Unified Health System. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in a multi-professional outpatient cardiology clinic at a public, university, and general hospital in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The level of adherence to the recommendations of intensity of the statin therapy of Brazilian and American dyslipidemia guidelines was established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2020.1793313DOI Listing

IMPACT-Scot report on COVID-19 and hip fractures.

Bone Joint J 2020 Jul 7:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Edinburgh Orthopaedics, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Aims: The primary aim was to assess the independent influence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on 30-day mortality for patients with a hip fracture. The secondary aims were to determine whether: 1) there were clinical predictors of COVID-19 status; and 2) whether social lockdown influenced the incidence and epidemiology of hip fractures.

Methods: A national multicentre retrospective study was conducted of all patients presenting to six trauma centres or units with a hip fracture over a 46-day period (23 days pre- and 23 days post-lockdown). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.102B9.BJJ-2020-1100.R1DOI Listing

Safety in immediate reconstitution of Poly-L-latic acid for facial bioestimulation treatment.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Clinica Bravo, Av. Ataulfo de Paiva, 245, 5 andar Leblon, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 22440-033, Brazil.

Background: PLLA is presented as freeze-dried preparation of 150mg per vial and, according to consensus, the recommendation on your preparation is hydrate in sterile water for injection (SWFI) or bacteriostatic water at room temperature for ≥24 hours. (8)However, these long periods of hydration, it is time-consuming and costly for the physicians.

Goal: To demonstrate the safeness of immediate reconstitution of facial biostimulation treatment with PLLA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13597DOI Listing

Longitudinal changes in plasma sex hormone concentrations correlate with changes in CT-measured regional adiposity among Japanese American men over 10 years.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Objective: Aging in male adults is typically accompanied by adiposity accumulation and changes in circulating sex hormone concentrations. We hypothesized that an aging-associated increase in estrogens and decrease in androgens would correlate with an increase in adiposity.

Design: 10-year prospective, observational study STUDY SUBJECTS: 190, community-dwelling men in the Japanese American Community Diabetes Study MEASUREMENTS: At 0 and 10 years, CT scanning quantified intraabdominal fat (IAF) and subcutaneous fat (SCF) areas while plasma concentrations of estradiol, estrone, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem-mass spectrometry at each timepoint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cen.14278DOI Listing

Examining Racial Disparities in Diabetes Readmissions in the United States Military Health System.

Mil Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD, 20814.

Introduction: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic conditions in the United States and has a cost burden over $120 billion per year. Readmissions following hospitalization for diabetes are common, particularly in minority patients, who experience greater rates of complications and lower quality healthcare compared to white patients. This study examines disparities in diabetes-related readmissions in the Military Health System, a universally insured, population of 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa153DOI Listing

The History of the American Dental Board of Anesthesiology.

Authors:
Joel M Weaver

Anesth Prog 2020 Jun;67(2):67-71

Dentist Anesthesiologist Specialist, Diplomate of the American Dental Board of Anesthesiology, Professor Emeritus, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2344/anpr-67-02-13DOI Listing

Lactate dehydrogenase, an independent risk factor of severe COVID-19 patients: a retrospective and observational study.

Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Jun 24;12(12):11245-11258. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Emergency Department, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 20032, China.

Background: The World Health Organization has declared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a public health emergency of global concern. Updated analysis of cases might help identify the risk factors of illness severity.

Results: The median age was 63 years, and 44. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.103372DOI Listing

Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Screening Opportunities at Health Care Encounters.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that providers screen women for depression at the postpartum checkup. If this checkup is the only screening opportunity, women who do not attend or whose depressive episode occurs at a different time may not be identified. We evaluated women's encounters with postpartum health care to identify screening opportunities for postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2020.8373DOI Listing

National Database Research in Head and Neck Reconstructive Surgery: A Call for Increased Transparency and Reproducibility.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jul 7:194599820938044. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Objective: To reproduce a published study comparing outcomes of patients who underwent microvascular reconstruction by plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists and to examine how case selection and methodology using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data set can affect results and conclusions.

Study Design: Cross-sectional analysis of US national database.

Setting: American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) from 2005 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820938044DOI Listing

Beyond Black and White: Mapping Misclassification of Medicare Beneficiaries Race and Ethnicity.

Med Care Res Rev 2020 Jul 7:1077558720935733. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services administrative data contains two variables that are used for research and evaluation of health disparities: the enrollment database (EDB) beneficiary race code and the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) race code. The objective of this article is to examine state-level variation in racial/ethnic misclassification of EDB and RTI race codes compared with self-reported data collected during home health care. The study population included 4,231,370 Medicare beneficiaries who utilized home health care services in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077558720935733DOI Listing

Psycho-Social Correlates of Opioid Use Disorder among the US Adult Population: Evidence from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2015-2018.

Subst Use Misuse 2020 Jul 7:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

South Carolina SmartState Center for Healthcare Quality, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Background: The United States (US) has experienced an opioid epidemic over the last two decades. Drug overdose deaths increased by 21% from 2015 to 2016, with two-thirds of these deaths attributed to opioid use disorder (OUD). This study assessed the psycho-social correlates associated with OUD over 2015-2018 in the US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2020.1788086DOI Listing

Characteristics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Lebanon-a chart review.

Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener 2020 Jul 7:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Neurology Department, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objective: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder primarily manifesting as motor deficits. It is caused by motor neuron death and leads to progressive disability and demise. It can present at any age, manifest as several phenotypes, and may have a variable progression pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21678421.2020.1788095DOI Listing

The Crisis in Male Mental Health: A Call to Action.

Am J Mens Health 2020 Jul-Aug;14(4):1557988320936504

Sr. Science Adviser, Men's Health Network, President, Griffon Consulting Group, Inc., Nashville, TN, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1557988320936504DOI Listing

Trends in Indicators of Injection Drug Use, Indian Health Service, 2010-2014: A Study of Health Care Encounter Data.

Public Health Rep 2020 Jul 7:33354920937284. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV transmission in the United States may increase as a result of increasing rates of opioid use disorder (OUD) and associated injection drug use (IDU). Epidemiologic trends among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons are not well known.

Methods: We analyzed 2010-2014 Indian Health Service data on health care encounters to assess regional and temporal trends in IDU indicators among adults aged ≥18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354920937284DOI Listing

The ACP Parameters of Care.

Authors:
Lily T García

J Prosthodont 2020 Jun;29(5):367-368

Dean & Professor, University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Dental Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopr.13198DOI Listing

Obstructive Sleep Apnea, oxidative stress, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction-An overview of predictive laboratory biomarkers.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020 Jun;24(12):6939-6948

Department of Surgical Sciences, Molecular Biology Service (MBS), University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Objective: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) represents an emerging public health concern with great impact on cardiovascular state. Oxidative stress (OS), inflammation and altered Nitric Oxide (NO) production are recognized as prominent mechanisms of many acute and chronic diseases and even of the normal aging process. They are investigated as major pathophysiological processes in OSA through the analysis and comparison of significative and validated biomarkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_202006_21685DOI Listing

SARS, MERS, COVID-19: Clinical Manifestations and Organ-System Complications: A Mini Review.

Pathog Dis 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Gilbert and Rose-Marie Chagoury School of Medicine, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) are caused by three distinct coronaviruses belonging to the same genus. COVID-19 and its two predecessors share many important features in their clinical presentations, and in their propensity for progression to severe disease which is marked by high rates of morbidity and mortality. However, comparison of the three viral illnesses also reveals a number of specific differences in clinical manifestations and complications, which suggest variability in the disease process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femspd/ftaa033DOI Listing

Single Embryo Transfer Versus Double Embryo Transfer: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in a Non-IVF Insurance Mandated System.

Mil Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Tripler Army Medical Center, 1 Jarrett White Rd Honolulu, HI 96859.

Introduction: Because of increased morbidity seen in multiple gestations, the American Society of Reproductive Medicine recommends transfer of blastocysts one at a time for most patients. While cost-effectiveness models have compared single embryo transfer (SET) versus double embryo transfer (DET), few incorporate maternal and neonatal morbidity, and none have been performed in U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa119DOI Listing

Chester R. Burns (1937-2006) and the origins of the American Osler Society.

Authors:
Michael H Malloy

J Med Biogr 2020 Jul 6:967772020939548. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA.

The American Osler Society (AOS) traces its origin to a 1970 symposium on Humanism in Medicine in Galveston, Texas. Although John P. McGovern (1921-2007) receives credit for conceiving the symposium and spearheading formation of the AOS, Chester Ray Burns (1937-2006) played a key role that has not been sufficiently recognized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0967772020939548DOI Listing

Impact of Rhabdomyolysis on outcomes of hospitalizations for heat stroke in the United States.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine , Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictors and associated outcomes of rhabdomyolysis in admitted patients for heat stroke in the United States.

Methods: The National Inpatient Sample was utilized to identify hospitalized patients with a primary diagnosis of heat stroke from the years 2003-2014. Rhabdomyolysis was identified using hospital diagnosis code. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2020.1792214DOI Listing

[The Spanish flu and the fiction literature].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Fernando Vázquez Valdés, Servicio de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Avda. de Roma s/n, 33011 Oviedo, Spain.

This review focuses on the fictional literature in which the Spanish flu is represented either as an anecdotal or as a historical aspect and the effect on the author or fictional character. We examine this sociocultural period in the press and mainly in Anglo-Saxon literary works and from other countries, including Spanish and Latin American literature that is not very represented in some international reviews on the subject. Also, we include books about the previous and subsequent influenza pandemics to the Spanish flu. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.37201/req/049.2020DOI Listing

Bovine viral diarrhea virus: An updated American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine consensus statement with focus on virus biology, hosts, immunosuppression, and vaccination.

J Vet Intern Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, USA.

Control of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in cattle populations across most of the world has remained elusive in spite of advances in knowledge about this viral pathogen. A central feature of virus perseverance in cattle herds is the unique mechanism of persistent infection. Managing BVDV infection in herds involves controlling persistently infected carrier animals using a multidimensional approach of vaccination, biosecurity, and identification of BVDV reservoirs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15816DOI Listing

Current outlook and future research needs for harvest weed seed control in North American cropping systems.

Pest Manag Sci 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD, USA.

Harvest weed seed control (HWSC) comprises a set of tools and tactics that prevents the addition of weed seed to the soil seed bank, attenuating weed infestations and providing a method to combat the development and spread of herbicide-resistant weed populations. Initial HWSC research efforts in North America are summarized and, combined with the vast area of crops suitable to HWSC, clearly indicate strong potential for this technology. But potential limitations exist that are not present in Australian cropping systems, where HWSC was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.5986DOI Listing

The Diverse Implementation of Geriatrics-Orthopedics Comanagement Programs in the United States.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics; School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA.

Background: Many health systems are establishing geriatrics-orthopedics (Geri-Ortho) comanagement programs; however, there is paucity of published information on existing programs' variations in clinical operations, structure, and reported implementation challenges and perceived successes.

Objective: Our objective was to obtain detailed information about the variety of existing Geri-Ortho comanagement programs in the United States.

Design/particpants: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 44 existing Geri-Ortho comanagement programs, with 23 (52%) of programs responding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16677DOI Listing

Integrated metabolomics reveals altered lipid metabolism in adipose tissue in a model of extreme longevity.

Geroscience 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Joslin Diabetes Center, Section on Integrative Physiology and Metabolism, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Adipose tissue plays an essential role in metabolic health. Ames dwarf mice are exceptionally long-lived and display metabolically beneficial phenotypes in their adipose tissue, providing an ideal model for studying the intersection between adipose tissue and longevity. To this end, we assessed the metabolome and lipidome of adipose tissue in Ames dwarf mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11357-020-00221-0DOI Listing

Comparison of Early Life Obesity-Related Risk and Protective Factors in Non-Hispanic Black Subgroups.

Matern Child Health J 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Objectives: Previous obesity prevention studies in preschool-age children have included non-Hispanic Black (NHB) children, but few have investigated between-subgroup differences even though there may be cultural risk and protective practice differences, challenging the generalizability of findings. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in early childhood obesity-related factors in NHB subgroups (Haitian, other Caribbean Islander and African-American [AA]) children.

Methods: Baseline data from two randomized controlled trials in 52 childcare centers of which 35 had data to test a preschool-based obesity prevention intervention was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-020-02979-3DOI Listing

New Data on the Expansion of Eurytemora Giesbrecht (Copepoda: Calanoida) in the Russian Arctic Region.

Dokl Biol Sci 2020 May 6;492(1):86-88. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Lena Delta Nature Reserve, 678400, Tiksi, Russia.

As a result of studying different populations of crustaceans of the genus Eurytemora Giesbrecht from the inland water bodies of the basins of the White Sea, the Pechora Sea, the Lena River delta, and Pacific coast of the United States, the species Eurytemora gracilicauda Akatova 1949 has been found along the entire northern border of the Russian Eurasia, while North American E. americana Williams 1906 has not been registered within these limits. Clear morphological and molecular genetic differences between E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0012496620030035DOI Listing

A Latent Class Analysis of Perceived Neighborhood Conditions Associated with Mental Disorders Among Children in the United States.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, Salus Center Suite 300, 3545 Lafayette Ave., Saint Louis, MO, 63104, USA.

The current study examined the association between perceived neighborhood conditions and common childhood mental disorders in a nationally representative sample of children in the U.S. The data were derived from the 2017 National Survey of Children's Health, including American children aged 6-17 years (N = 15,438). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-020-01020-6DOI Listing

Richard Allen Williams, M.D.: a Career Fighting Disparities and Fostering Equity.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Charles R. Drew University School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

This is a literature review where we acknowledge Richard Allen Williams, the first African American physician to win the John P. McGovern Compleat Physician Award, and recognize his achievements in race and ethnicity in healthcare. There have been significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease; however, racial disparities continue to create inequity in the medical community especially for African Americans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00813-8DOI Listing

Biocompatible combinations of nisin and licorice polyphenols exert synergistic bactericidal effects against Enterococcus faecalis and inhibit NF-κB activation in monocytes.

AMB Express 2020 Jul 6;10(1):120. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Oral Ecology Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, Université Laval, 2420 de la Terrasse, Quebec City, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada.

Enterococcus faecalis is one of the bacterial species most frequently isolated from persistent endodontic and apical periodontal infections. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the synergistic antibacterial effects of nisin and selected licorice polyphenols (glabridin, licoricidin, licochalcone A) against planktonic and biofilm-embedded E. faecalis cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13568-020-01056-wDOI Listing

Using Zoning as a Public Health Tool to Reduce Alcohol Outlet Oversaturation, Promote Compliance, and Guide Future Enforcement: a Preliminary Analysis of Transform Baltimore.

J Urban Health 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Mental Health, Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence, Johns Hopkins University, 624 N. Broadway St, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Alcohol outlet oversaturation often exacerbates negative public health outcomes. Recently, Baltimore City passed an extensive zoning rewrite ("TransForm Baltimore") that sought to give local government and residents a tool to reduce alcohol outlet oversaturation through land use regulation. The present investigation evaluated the outlet and neighborhood characteristics of stores impacted by two components of TransForm Baltimore: (1) a requirement that taverns licensed for on-premise consumption in addition to off-premise, carryout sales generate at least 50% of their business from on-premise sales, and (2) a requirement to close, repurpose, or relocate all package stores (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-020-00453-7DOI Listing

The Association Between Physician Race/Ethnicity and Patient Satisfaction: an Exploration in Direct to Consumer Telemedicine.

J Gen Intern Med 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Center for Value-Based Care Research, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, G10, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Background: Patient satisfaction measures have important implications for physicians. Patient bias against non-White physicians may impact physician satisfaction ratings, but this has not been widely studied.

Objective: To assess differences in patient satisfaction by physician race/ethnicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06005-8DOI Listing

The prognostic impact of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy on lymph node sampling in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.

Updates Surg 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technology "G.F. Ingrassia", University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 86, Catania, Sicily, Italy.

According to the American Joint Committee on Cancer, at least 12 lymph nodes are required to accurately stage locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NACRT) reduces the number of lymph nodes retrieved during surgery. In this study, we evaluated the effect of NACRT on lymph node retrieval and prognosis in patients with LARC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13304-020-00841-3DOI Listing

Adapted ERAS Pathway Versus Standard Care in Patients Undergoing Emergency Small Bowel Surgery: a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Gastrointest Surg 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, 605006, India.

Background: Emergency laparotomy for small bowel pathologies comprises a significant number of all emergency surgeries. Application of evidence-based adapted enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol can potentially improve the perioperative outcome in these procedures.

Aims: To determine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of adapted ERAS pathway in emergency small bowel surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-020-04684-6DOI Listing

The D-side of COVID-19: musculoskeletal benefits of vitamin D and beyond.

Endocrine 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Unit of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Via Alvaro di Portillo 21, 00128, Rome, Italy.

Coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) mostly adversely affects the elderly, a population at higher risk for low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels. In this viewpoint, we highlight the well-known musculoskeletal properties of vitamin D, which are particularly relevant in the context of COVID-19, suggesting further potential benefits through extra-skeletal effects. Maintaining optimal 25(OH)D is crucial to prevent falls, frailty and fractures in elderly patients, with low activity levels due to lockdown, or who are relatively immobilized during hospitalization and after discharge for prolonged periods of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-020-02407-0DOI Listing

Consensus Paper: Cerebellum and Social Cognition.

Cerebellum 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Ataxia Laboratory, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, 00179, Rome, Italy.

The traditional view on the cerebellum is that it controls motor behavior. Although recent work has revealed that the cerebellum supports also nonmotor functions such as cognition and affect, only during the last 5 years it has become evident that the cerebellum also plays an important social role. This role is evident in social cognition based on interpreting goal-directed actions through the movements of individuals (social "mirroring") which is very close to its original role in motor learning, as well as in social understanding of other individuals' mental state, such as their intentions, beliefs, past behaviors, future aspirations, and personality traits (social "mentalizing"). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12311-020-01155-1DOI Listing

Diagnostic parameters of modified two-tier testing in European patients with early Lyme disease.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Medical Microbiology, OLVG, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Modified two-tier testing (MTTT) for Lyme borreliosis (i.e. confirmation with an EIA instead of an immunoblot) has been shown to have improved sensitivity compared with standard two-tier testing (STTT) in samples from American patients, without losing specificity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-020-03946-0DOI Listing

High-risk features in primary versus secondary enucleated globes with advanced retinoblastoma: a retrospective histopathological study.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Department, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The management of bilateral advanced retinoblastoma (RB) cases is challenging with attempts to use neoadjuvant therapy salvaging of one of the globes. Our aim in this study was to demonstrate the effect of this primary therapy on the histopathological features and risk factors in secondary enucleated compared to primarily enucleated globes with groups D and E RB.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all enucleated globes with advanced RB received in the pathology laboratories over a period of 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-020-01472-8DOI Listing

The Corner Liquor Store: Rethinking Toxicity in the Black Metropolis.

Authors:
Naa Oyo A Kwate

J Med Humanit 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Liquor stores have been repeatedly shown to be disproportionately prevalent in Black neighborhoods and therefore constitute a disproportionate health risk. This paper examines the ways in which liquor stores jeopardize Black lives through social and material conditions that are broader than health risk. Embodying and perpetuating dysfunctional markets, liquor stores relegate Black consumers to an overabundance of inexpensive and potent alcoholic beverages sold from heavily securitized storefronts and provoke conflicted and oppositional relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10912-020-09645-3DOI Listing