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    Law Accommodating Nonmotorized Road Users and Pedestrian Fatalities in Florida, 1975 to 2013.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    At the time of writing, Jamila M. Porter, Stephen L. Rathbun, Phaedra S. Corso, Marsha Davis, and Joel M. Lee were with The University of Georgia College of Public Health, Athens. Shenée J. Bryan is with the Research and Evaluation Group, Atlanta, GA. Katie Arseniadis and Lauren P. Caldwell are independent consultants, Atlanta, GA.
    Objectives: To examine the effect of Florida's adoption of Statute 335.065-a law requiring the routine accommodation of nonmotorized road users (i.e. Read More

    Prison Health Care Governance: Guaranteeing Clinical Independence.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e5. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    At the time of writing, Jörg Pont was a consultant on health care in detention Vienna, Austria. Stefan Enggist is with the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health, Bern, Switzerland. Heino Stöver is with the University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Work, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Brie Williams is with the Division of Geriatrics, University of California, San Francisco. Robert Greifinger is a consultant on health care in detention, New York, NY. Hans Wolff is with the Division of Prison Health, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Clinical independence is an essential component of good health care and health care professionalism, particularly in correctional settings (jails, prisons, and other places of detention), where the relationship between patients and caregivers is not based on free choice and where the punitive correctional setting can challenge optimal medical care. Independence for the delivery of health care services is defined by international standards as a critical element for quality health care in correctional settings, yet many correctional facilities do not meet these standards because of a lack of awareness, persisting legal regulations, contradictory terms of employment for health professionals, or current health care governance structures. We present recommendations for the implementation of independent health care in correctional settings. Read More

    Storage Practices of US Gun Owners in 2016.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    All of the authors are with the Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.
    Objectives: To examine gun storage practices and factors influencing those practices among gun owners.

    Methods: We conducted a nationally representative online survey of US gun owners (n = 1444) in 2016 to assess gun storage practices and attitudes, factors influencing storage practices, and groups that might effectively communicate regarding safe storage. We generated descriptive statistics by using cross-tabulations and used logistic regression to estimate characteristics that influenced safe storage practices. Read More

    Trends in Secondary Schools' Practices to Support Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Students, 2008-2014.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e8. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Zewditu Demissie, Catherine N. Rasberry, Riley J. Steiner, Nancy Brener, and Tim McManus are with the Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Zewditu Demissie is also with the US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Rockville, MD.
    Objectives: To examine trends in the percentage of US secondary schools that implemented practices related to the support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students.

    Methods: This analysis used data from 4 cycles (2008-2014) of School Health Profiles, a surveillance system that provides results representative of secondary schools in each state. Each school completed 2 self-administered questionnaires (principal and teacher) per cycle. Read More

    A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Combined State Health Policies Related to Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake in the United States.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    At the time of this work, Megan C. Roberts, Jennifer L. Moss, and Christopher W. Wheldon were with the National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD. Taylor Murphy was with George Washington University, Washington, DC. Wayne Psek was with the Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University.
    Objectives: To examine how combinations of state policies, rather than single policies, are related to uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.

    Methods: Using publicly available records and the literature, we characterized policies for each US state and Washington, DC, in 2015 (n = 51), including (1) Medicaid expansion, (2) policies permitting HPV vaccination in pharmacies, (3) school-entry requirements, (4) classroom sex education mandates, and (5) parental education mandates. Using qualitative comparative analysis, we identified which existing combinations of these policies were necessary and sufficient for high HPV vaccine initiation among adolescents, with National Immunization Survey-Teen data. Read More

    Disparities in Distribution of Particulate Matter Emission Sources by Race and Poverty Status.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Ihab Mikati and Adam F. Benson are participants in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education research training program stationed with the National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Thomas J. Luben, Jason D. Sacks, and Jennifer Richmond-Bryant are staff members with the National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.
    Objectives: To quantify nationwide disparities in the location of particulate matter (PM)-emitting facilities by the characteristics of the surrounding residential population and to illustrate various spatial scales at which to consider such disparities.

    Methods: We assigned facilities emitting PM in the 2011 National Emissions Inventory to nearby block groups across the 2009 to 2013 American Community Survey population. We calculated the burden from these emissions for racial/ethnic groups and by poverty status. Read More

    Racial/Ethnic Variation in the Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Insurance Coverage and Access Among Young Adults.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    All of the authors are affiliated with the Health Management and Policy Program, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis.
    Objectives: To examine the impact of the Affordable Care Act's (ACA's) 2010 parental insurance coverage extension to young adults aged 19 to 25 years on health insurance coverage and access to care, including racial/ethnic disparities.

    Methods: We pooled data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for the periods 2007 to 2009 and 2011 to 2013 (n = 402 777). We constructed quasiexperimental difference-in-differences models in which adults aged 26 to 35 years served as a control group. Read More

    Contraceptive Method Use During the Community-Wide HER Salt Lake Contraceptive Initiative.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    All of the authors are with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City.
    Objectives: To describe a community-wide contraception initiative and assess changes in method use when cost and access barriers are removed in an environment with client-centered counseling.

    Methods: HER Salt Lake is a prospective cohort study occurring during three 6-month periods (September 2015 through March 2017) and nested in a quasiexperimental observational study. The sample was women aged 16 to 45 years receiving new contraceptive services at health centers in Salt Lake County, Utah. Read More

    The Inverse Equity Hypothesis: Analyses of Institutional Deliveries in 286 National Surveys.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e8. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Cesar Gomes Victora, Gary Joseph, Inacio C. M. Silva, and Aluisio J. D. Barros are with the International Center for Equity in Health, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil. Fatima S. Maia is with the Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brazil. J. Patrick Vaughan is with the Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. Fernando C. Barros is with Post Graduate Course in Health and Behavior, Catholic University of Pelotas, Pelotas.
    Objectives: To test the inverse equity hypothesis, which postulates that new health interventions are initially adopted by the wealthy and thus increase inequalities-as population coverage increases, only the poorest will lag behind all other groups.

    Methods: We analyzed the proportion of births occurring in a health facility by wealth quintile in 286 surveys from 89 low- and middle-income countries (1993-2015) and developed an inequality pattern index. Positive values indicate that inequality is driven by early adoption by the wealthy (top inequality), whereas negative values signal bottom inequality. Read More

    Adaptive Behavior of Sheltered Homeless Children in the French ENFAMS Survey.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e8. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Stéphane Darbeda, Bruno Falissard, Massimiliano Orri, and Caroline Barry are with Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), unit 1178, Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations, University Paris Sud, Paris, France. Maria Melchior and Stéphanie Vandentorren are with INSERM, unit 136, Institut Pierre Louis d'épidémiologie et de santé publique, Department of Social Epidemiology, Sorbonne Universités, Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris. Pierre Chauvin is with INSERM, Research Team on Social Determinants of Health and Use of Care, unit 707, Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris.
    Objectives: To describe the adaptive behaviors in a large sample of homeless children and identify factors associated with developmental delay.

    Methods: Data were from a cross-sectional survey of 557 children younger than 6 years randomly sampled among homeless sheltered families in the Paris, France, region (January-May 2013). An interviewer and a psychologist conducted face-to-face interviews to collect information on sociodemographic and health characteristics. Read More

    Mechanisms by Which Anti-Immigrant Stigma Exacerbates Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e4. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Brittany N. Morey is with the School of Public Policy, University of California, Riverside.
    Anti-immigrant rhetoric and political actions gained prominence and public support before, during, and after the 2016 presidential election. This anti-immigrant political environment threatens to increase health disparities among undocumented persons, immigrant groups, and people of color. I discuss the mechanisms by which anti-immigrant stigma exacerbates racial/ethnic health disparities through increasing multilevel discrimination and stress, deportation and detention, and policies that limit health resources. Read More

    Older Adults' Social Relationships and Health Care Utilization: A Systematic Review.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e10. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Nicole K. Valtorta, Lynn Barron, Daniel Stow, and Barbara Hanratty are with the Institute of Health and Society/Newcastle University Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. Danielle Collingridge Moore is with the International Observatory on End of Life Care, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Background: Deficiencies in older people's social relationships (including loneliness, social isolation, and low social support) have been implicated as a cause of premature mortality and increased morbidity. Whether they affect service use is unclear.

    Objectives: To determine whether social relationships are associated with older adults' use of health services, independently of health-related needs. Read More

    State Law Approaches to Facility Regulation of Abortion and Other Office Interventions.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Bonnie S. Jones and Sara Daniel are with Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland. Lindsay K. Cloud is with the Policy Surveillance Program of the Center for Public Health Law Research, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.
    Objectives: To compare the prevalence and characteristics of facility laws governing abortion provision specifically (targeted regulation of abortion providers [TRAP] laws); office-based surgeries, procedures, sedation or anesthesia (office interventions) generally (OBS laws); and other procedures specifically.

    Methods: We conducted cross-sectional legal assessments of state facility laws for office interventions in effect as of August 1, 2016. We coded characteristics for each law and compared characteristics across categories of laws. Read More

    Local-Level Adult Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccination Disparities: Chicago, Illinois, 2015-2016.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Michelle M. Hughes conducted this research at the Sinai Urban Health Institute, Sinai Health System, Chicago, IL, and Chicago Medical School, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL. Nazia S. Saiyed is with the Sinai Urban Health Institute. Tiffany S. Chen is with Chicago Medical School, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science.
    Objectives: To investigate local-level adult influenza and pneumococcal vaccination disparities to inform targeted interventions.

    Methods: Questions on influenza and pneumococcal vaccination uptake were included in a door-to-door community-based representative survey conducted in 10 Chicago, Illinois, neighborhoods in 2015 and 2016. A total of 1543 adults completed the survey, including 172 adults aged 65 years or older. Read More

    Cumulative Prevalence of Maltreatment Among New Zealand Children, 1998-2015.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e3. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Bénédicte Rouland is with the Centre for Social Data Analytics, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand, and the TrygFonden's Centre for Child Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Rhema Vaithianathan is with the Centre for Social Data Analytics, Auckland University of Technology, and the School of Economics, Singapore Management University.
    Objectives: To document, via linked administrative data, the cumulative prevalence among New Zealand children of notifications to child protective services (CPS), substantiated maltreatment cases, and out-of-home placements.

    Methods: We followed all children born in New Zealand in 1998 until the end of 2015 (an overall sample of 55 443 children). We determined the cumulative frequencies of notifications, substantiated maltreatment cases (by subtype), and first entries into foster care from birth through the age of 17 years. Read More

    Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Free of Charge, Method Initiation, and Abortion Rates in Finland.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Frida Gyllenberg and Oskari Heikinheimo are with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Helsinki, Finland. Frida Gyllenberg is also with the City of Vantaa, Vantaa, Sweden. Mikael Juselius is with the Bank of Finland, Helsinki. Mika Gissler is with the Information Services Department, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, and with Karolinska Institute, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Family Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Objectives: To evaluate whether a public program providing long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods free of charge increases the LARC initiation rate and reduces the unintended pregnancy rate in the general population.

    Methods: Since 2013, all women in Vantaa, Finland, have been entitled to 1 LARC method free of charge. With time-series analysis between 2000 and 2015, we assessed whether this public program was associated with changes in steady-state mean rates of LARC initiation and abortions. Read More

    Zika-Associated Microcephaly Epidemic and Birth Rate Reduction in Brazilian Cities.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb 22:e1-e3. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano and Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho are with the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Daniele Maria Pelissari is a PhD student in epidemiology at the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo.
    Objectives: To estimate birth reduction potentially in response to Zika virus-associated microcephaly among the 36 largest Brazilian cities.

    Methods: We analyzed the number of live births per month on the basis of information on approximately 8.2 million births from all of Brazil's state capitals and cities that had more than 10 000 annual births. Read More

    Reaching High-Need Youth Populations With Evidence-Based Sexual Health Education in California.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S32-S37
    The authors are with the California Department of Public Health, Center for Family Health, Maternal, Child, and Adolescent Health Division, Sacramento.
    Objectives: To explore the programmatic reach and experience of high-need adolescents who received sexual health education in 3 distinct implementation settings (targeted-prevention settings, traditional schools, and alternative schools) through a statewide sexual health education program.

    Methods: Data are from youth surveys collected between September 2013 and December 2014 in the California Personal Responsibility Education Program. A sample of high-need participants (n = 747) provided data to examine the impact of implementation setting on reach and program experience. Read More

    Is Current Measurement of Contraception Use Hindering Identification of Evidence-Based Pregnancy Prevention for Vulnerable Adolescents?
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S17-S18
    Leslie F. Clark is with the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and The Community, Health Outcomes, and Intervention Research Program, The Saban Research Institute, Children's Hospital Los Angeles. Mona Desai is with the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles. Pamela Drake is with ETR Associates, Scotts Valley, CA. Vivian Okonta is with the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles.

    Building Bridges to a Brighter Tomorrow: A Systematic Evidence Review of Interventions That Prepare Adolescents for Adulthood.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S25-S31
    Barri B. Burrus, Christine Jackson, Audra Miller, Alexander Rabre, and Regina Rutledge are with the Center for the Health of At-Risk Populations, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC. Kathleen Krieger is with Behavioral Health and Criminal Justice Division, RTI International. Sarah Axelson and LeBretia White are with the Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program, Family and Youth Services Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC. Barri B. Burrus is also a Guest Editor for this supplement issue.
    Background: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard.

    Objectives: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. Read More

    Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention in Group Homes: Recruiting and Retention Considerations.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S9-S10
    Roy F. Oman and Kristen Clements-Nolle are with the School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno. Sara K. Vesely is with the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City. Janene Fluhr is with the Oklahoma Institute for Child Advocacy, Oklahoma City.

    Considering the Role of Acculturation in Parent-Child Communication About Sexual Health.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S13-S14
    Jenny McCullough Cosgrove and Dre Voelkel are with LeCroy & Milligan Associates, Tucson, AZ. Craig W. LeCroy is with LeCroy & Milligan Associates and the Department of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix. Marie Fordney is with Child & Family Resources, Tucson.

    Reducing Disparities in Adolescent Pregnancy Among US Tribal Youths.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S23-S24
    Kendra King Bowes is with Native American Management Services, Inc., Reston, VA. Barri B. Burrus is with RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC. Sarah Axelson is with the Family & Youth Services Bureau, Washington, DC. Milagros Garrido is with Healthy Teen Network, Baltimore, MD. Adriana Kimbriel is with the California Rural Indian Health Board, Sacramento, CA. Lisa Abramson is with the Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan, Sault Ste. Marie. Gwenda Gorman is with the Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona, Phoenix. Angela Dancer is with the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Hugo. Terrill White is from Tulsa, OK. PJ Beaudry is with the Great Plains Tribal Chairmen's Health Board, Rapid City, SD. Barri B. Burrus is also a Guest Editor for this supplement issue.

    Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Among Youths Living in Group Care Homes: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Feb;108(S1):S38-S44
    Roy F. Oman, Kristen Clements-Nolle, and Minggen Lu are with the School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno. Sara K. Vesely is with the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City. Jennifer Green is with the Riley County Health Department, Manhattan, KS.
    Objectives: To determine if the Power Through Choices (PTC) intervention can increase the use of birth control and reduce pregnancy among system-involved youths living in group care homes.

    Methods: We performed a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial involving group care homes operated by child welfare or juvenile justice systems in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma with assessments immediately before and after the intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up. We collected data from 2012 to 2014 via self-administered questionnaires. Read More

    Population-Level Analyses Cannot Tell Us Anything About Individual-Level Marijuana-Opioid Substitution.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):e12
    Theodore L. Caputi is with the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Republic of Ireland. Kevin A. Sabet is with Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT. Both authors are with Drug Policy Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville.

    Livingston et al. Respond.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):e12-e13
    Melvin D. Livingston is with the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth. Tracey E. Barnett is with the Department of Health Behavior and Health Systems, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center. Chris Delcher is with the Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville. Alexander C. Wagenaar is with the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

    Racial/Ethnic Variations in Mortality in the VA Health Care System.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):299-301
    Said A. Ibrahim is a professor of medicine in the Perelman School of Medicine and a senior fellow in the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. He is also a co-director of the VA National Center of Innovation for Health Equity Research and a former AJPH associate editor.

    Reducing Collateral Damage in Responses to the Opioid Crisis.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):349-350
    Jennifer J. Carroll is with the Department of Medicine at Brown University, Providence, RI. Traci C. Green is with the Department of Emergency Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, and the Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology at Brown Medical School. Josiah D. Rich is with the Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology at Brown University, and is the Director of the Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights at the Miriam Hospital, Providence.

    Fostering Interprofessional Education Through a Multidisciplinary, Community-Based Pandemic Mass Vaccination Exercise.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):358-360
    Annette Hays, Christopher Schriever, and Allison Schriever are with the College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Rockford. John Rudzinski is with the College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Rockford. Janet L. Lynch is with Sauk Valley Community College. Ellen Genrich is with the Boone County Health Department.
    We expanded health care services to economically disadvantaged individuals in an interprofessional, student-driven vaccination effort that also served as a pandemic planning drill. Health care professional students from colleges in and around Rockford, Illinois participated in implementing a mass vaccination event from 2011 to 2014 that targeted the underserved population. There was a 459% increase in total vaccinations administered to at-risk patients from year 1 to year 4. Read More

    The Key Role of Work in Population Health Inequities.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):296-297
    Paul A. Landsbergis is with the State University of New York-Downstate School of Public Health, Brooklyn, NY. BongKyoo Choi and Marnie Dobson are with the Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of California, Irvine. Grace Sembajwe is with the City University of New York Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY. Craig Slatin is with the Department of Public Health, University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Linda Delp is with the Labor Occupational Safety and Health Program, University of California, Los Angeles. C. Eduardo Siqueira is with the College of Public and Community Service, University of Massachusetts, Boston. Peter Schnall is with the Center for Social Epidemiology, Marina Del Rey, CA. Sherry Baron is with the Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, Queens, NY.

    Unforgotten Biafra 50 Years Later.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):317-318
    Daniel Tarantola is a global health consultant living in France and is also an adjunct research professor at the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California. He was one of the last few French doctors who were able to leave Biafra on a mercy flight at the end of his term of voluntary service in 1969. The nine remaining French Red Cross colleagues were captured by Nigerian troops, briefly detained under house arrest for having entered Nigeria illegally, summarily judged in a court of law, and, shortly thereafter, discreetly exfiltrated and repatriated.

    Mortality Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups in the Veterans Health Administration: An Evidence Review and Map.
    Am J Public Health 2018 Mar;108(3):e1-e11
    Kim Peterson, Johanna Anderson, Erin Boundy, Lauren Ferguson, Ellen McCleery, Kallie Waldrip, are with the Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Portland Health Care System, Evidence-Based Synthesis Program Coordinating Center, Portland, OR.
    Background: Continued racial/ethnic health disparities were recently described as "the most serious and shameful health care issue of our time." Although the 2014 US Affordable Care Act-mandated national insurance coverage expansion has led to significant improvements in health care coverage and access, its effects on life expectancy are not yet known. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest US integrated health care system, has a sustained commitment to health equity that addresses all 3 stages of health disparities research: detection, understanding determinants, and reduction or elimination. Read More

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