32,204 results match your criteria American journal of public health[Journal]


Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Costs: A Population-Wide Study in the Netherlands.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

All of the authors are with the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Willem I. J. de Boer is also with the Institute of Sport and Exercise Studies, HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Erik Buskens is also with the University Medical Center Groningen. Jochen O. Mierau is also with the Aletta Jacobs School of Public Health, University of Groningen.

To identify disparities in several types of insured health care costs in the Netherlands across neighborhoods with different socioeconomic statuses and to assess the room for improvement. We used 2015 Dutch whole-population registry data to estimate the age- and gender-specific cost structure by neighborhood for total, specialist, pharmaceutical, and mental health care. Classifying neighborhoods by the quintile of their neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES), we determined differences in observed and expected health care costs for several scenarios of NSES improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305035DOI Listing

Causes of Excess Deaths in Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria: A Time-Series Estimation.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e3. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Raul Cruz-Cano is with the School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park. Erin L. Mead is with the School of Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington.

To determine the number and causes of excess deaths in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria made landfall on September 20, 2017. We obtained monthly vital statistics data on all deaths from January 2008 through October 2017. We conducted a time-series analysis to estimate excess mortality in September and October 2017 overall and by age, sex, and cause of death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305015DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Eighteen of 1918-1919: Black Nurses and the Great Flu Pandemic in the United States.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e8. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

At the time of the study, Marian Moser Jones and Matilda Saines were with the University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park.

This article examines the role of Black American nurses during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic and the aftermath of World War I. The pandemic caused at least 50 million deaths worldwide and 675 000 in the United States. It occurred during a period of pervasive segregation and racial violence, in which Black Americans were routinely denied access to health, educational, and political institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305003DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Alcohol Availability Across Neighborhoods in Ontario Following Alcohol Sales Deregulation, 2013-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Daniel T. Myran is with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, ON. Jarvis T. Chen and Vaughan W. Rees are with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Benjamin Bearnot is with the Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. Michael Ip is with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine. Norman Giesbrecht is with the Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON.

To examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and alcohol availability before and after deregulation in 2015 of the alcohol market in Ontario, Canada. We quantified alcohol access by number of alcohol outlets and hours of retail for all 19 964 neighborhoods in Ontario. We used mixed effects regression models to examine the associations between alcohol access and a validated SES index between 2013 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305014DOI Listing

Provider and Public Health Adaptation to Changing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidance for Zika Virus, 2015-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e4. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Benjamin D. Hornstein, Erika P. Olsen, Rebecca J. Rubinstein, Sherry Jin, Ana Zangeneh, and Leann Liu are with the Office of Science, Surveillance, and Technology, Harris County Public Health, Houston, TX. Umair A. Shah is the executive director of Harris County Public Health, Houston, TX.

In 2015, Harris County (Texas) Public Health responded to the Zika virus (ZIKV) threat by investigating every report of potential ZIKV infection, including those with negative laboratory results, through December 2017. Before investigations, 40.6% of patients who were indicated for testing received it in accordance with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305036DOI Listing

Changes in State Technical Assistance Priorities and Block Grant Funds for Addiction After ACA Implementation.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Amanda J. Abraham is with the School of Public and International Affairs, University of Georgia, Athens. Bikki Tran Smith, Colleen M. Grogan, and Harold A. Pollack are with the School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. Christina M. Andrews is with the College of Social Work, University of South Carolina, Columbia. Clifford S. Bersamira is with the Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu. Peter D. Friedmann is with the University of Massachusetts Medical School Baystate, Springfield.

To assess states' provision of technical assistance and allocation of block grants for treatment, prevention, and outreach after the expansion of health insurance coverage for addiction treatment in the United States under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). We used 2 waves of survey data collected from Single State Agencies in 2014 and 2017 as part of the National Drug Abuse Treatment System Survey. The percentage of states providing technical assistance for cross-sector collaboration and workforce development increased. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305052DOI Listing

Interactive Versus Video-Based Training of Police to Communicate Syringe Legality to People Who Inject Drugs: The SHIELD Study, Mexico, 2015-2016.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e6. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Jaime Arredondo, Leo Beletsky, Pieter Baker, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Erika Clairgue, Mario Morales, Maria Luisa Mittal, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Steffanie A. Strathdee, and Javier A. Cepeda are with the Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego. Thomas Kerr is with the Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Arnulfo Banuelos is with the Department of Planning and Special Projects, Secretaría de Seguridad Pública Municipal, Tijuana, Mexico.

To assess how instructional techniques affect officers' intent to communicate syringe legality during searches in Tijuana, Mexico, where pervasive syringe confiscation potentiates risk of HIV and HCV among people who inject drugs (PWID) and of occupational needle-stick injury among police. Using the SHIELD (Safety and Health Integration in the Enforcement of Laws on Drugs) model, Tijuana police underwent training to encourage communication of syringe possession legality to PWID. Trainees received either passive video or interactive role-play exercise on searching PWID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305030DOI Listing

Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Resettled Refugee Children in Ohio, 2009-2016.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e9. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The authors are with the College of Public Health, Kent State University, Kent, OH.

To assess the prevalence of and the demographic factors for elevated blood lead level (EBLL; ≥ 5 µg/dL) at resettlement among newly admitted refugee children. This cross-sectional study used data from the postresettlement refugee medical screening of 5661 children resettled in Ohio from 2009 to 2016. We computed prevalence of EBLL and adjusted prevalence ratio with modified Poisson regression modeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305022DOI Listing

Elizabeth Fee (1946-2018).

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e4. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Anne-Emanuelle Birn is professor of critical development studies and of social and behavioral health sciences at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario. Theodore M. Brown is professor emeritus of history and public health sciences at the University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Elizabeth Fee was a remarkable and influential public health historian, whose personal and professional trajectories led her to speak truth to and about power in public health, past and present. Born in Northern Ireland in 1946 to Irish-Methodist missionary parents, Liz's childhood brought her into contact with peoples and struggles across the globe. At just five weeks of age, she was whisked away by her parents to civil war-era China, where she lost hearing in one ear from an untreated bout with scarlet fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305065DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Pediatric Blood Lead Levels Within New York City Public Versus Private Housing, 2003-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e6. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The authors are with the Institute for Family Health, New York, NY. Casey Crump and Neil Calman are also with the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.

To compare blood lead levels (BLLs) among children residing in public and private housing in New York City and examine the implications for lead identification and remediation policies. We examined electronic medical records for BLLs among 4693 children receiving care at a multisite Federally Qualified Health Center during 2003 to 2017. We plotted home addresses against city housing data to assess BLL differences between children living in public housing and private housing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305021DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Racial Equality in Infant Outcomes: A Call to Action.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):666-668

Joedrecka S. Brown Speights is with the Department of Family Medicine and Rural Health, Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee. Samantha S. Goldfarb is with the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine. Robert S. Levine is with the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. George Rust is with the Center for Medicine and Public Health, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305028DOI Listing

Age, Period, and Cohort Effects to Predict the Future of Despair.

Authors:
Hannah Carliner

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):658-660

Hannah Carliner is with the Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305049DOI Listing
May 2019
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Mass Exodus of State Health Department Deputies and Senior Management Threatens Institutional Stability.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):681-683

Leslie M. Beitsch is with the Center on Medicine and Public Health at Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee. Valerie A. Yeager is with the Department of Health Policy and Management at Indiana University Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indianapolis. Jonathon P. Leider is with the Division of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Paul Campbell Erwin is an AJPH associate editor and was with the Department of Public Health, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, when this editorial was written.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305005DOI Listing

Bringing Parenting Policies in Line With Evidence at US Schools of Public Health.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):651-653

Katy B. Kozhimannil is with the Division of Health Policy and Management, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305027DOI Listing

The Role of Salary in Recruiting Employees in State and Local Governmental Public Health: PH WINS 2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):683-685

Valerie A. Yeager is with the Department of Health Policy and Management, Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indianapolis. Jonathon P. Leider is with the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Health Policy and Management, Minneapolis.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305008DOI Listing

The Depths of Despair Among US Adults Entering Midlife.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):774-780

Lauren Gaydosh is with the Center for Medicine, Health, and Society, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN. Robert A. Hummer, Taylor W. Hargrove, and Kathleen Mullan Harris are with the Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Carolyn T. Halpern and Jon M. Hussey are with the Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Eric A. Whitsel is with the Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Nancy Dole is with the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Objectives: To test whether indicators of despair are rising among US adults as they age toward midlife and whether this rise is concentrated among low-educated Whites and in rural areas.

Methods: We used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative study of US adolescents in 1994. Our sample was restricted to individuals who participated in 1 or more of 5 waves (1994-2017) and self-identified as non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, or Hispanic (n = 18 446). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305002DOI Listing

The World Trade Center Health Program in New York: A Beacon for First Responders' Health.

Authors:
Rebekah E Gee

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):693-694

Rebekah E. Gee is the secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health, Baton Rouge, LA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305046DOI Listing

CALONGE COMMENTS.

Authors:
Ned Calonge

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):707-708

Ned Calonge is the president and CEO of the Colorado Trust, Denver, CO. He is also with the Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, and the Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora.

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https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2019.3050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305024DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Emergency Departments as Barometers for Prescription Opioid Morbidity and Mortality.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):655-656

Elizabeth A. Samuels is with the Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305045DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Communicating Research in an Era of Misinformation.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):645

Director of Communications and Marketing American Public Health Association.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305048DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Public Health Undergraduates in the Workforce: A Trickle, Soon a Wave?

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):685-687

Paul Campbell Erwin is an AJPH associate editor and is with the School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Angela J. Beck is with the University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor. Valerie A. Yeager is with the Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis. Jonathon P. Leider is with the Division of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305004DOI Listing

Texting Bans, a Possibly Low-Cost and Effective Means to Help Improve Motor Vehicle Safety.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):663-665

Carol A. Flannagan is with the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305026DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Public Health WINS Is a Call to Arms as Well as a Roadmap for All Who Care About a Thriving, Healthy Nation.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):650-651

Karen B. DeSalvo, formerly acting assistant secretary for health at the US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC, is currently professor of medicine and population health at the Austin Dell Medical School, University of Texas, Austin. Jeffrey Levi is professor of health policy and management at Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305047DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

What Are the Public Health Effects of Dense Breast Notification Laws?

Authors:
Stacey A Fedewa

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):660-661

Stacey A. Fedewa is with the American Cancer Society, Surveillance and Health Services Research, Atlanta, GA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305025DOI Listing

Trends in Yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong Use: Differentiations Between Practices and the Need for Dialogue and Diffusion.

Authors:
Ineke Vergeer

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):662-663

Ineke Vergeer is with the Physically Active Lifestyles Research Group; Centre for Health, Informatics, and Economic Research; Institute for Resilient Regions; University of Southern Queensland; Queensland, Australia; and the Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305042DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

The Health of Incarcerated Pregnant Women: Some Much Needed Data and Beyond.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):657-658

Lorie S. Goshin is with the Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY. Alison M. Colbert is with the School of Nursing, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305044DOI Listing

To Prevent Child Maltreatment, Home Visiting Programs Are One Part of a Complete Response.

Authors:
Hyunil Kim

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):653-655

Hyunil Kim is with the School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305043DOI Listing

Academic Health Department Partnerships: Bridging the Gap Between Town and Gown.

Authors:
C William Keck

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):665-666

C. William Keck is with the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305039DOI Listing

National Surveillance Data Show Increase in Spotted Fever Rickettsiosis: United States, 2016-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):719-721

All of the authors are with the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305038DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Wyoming: A Rural/Interior State Perspective on Public Health Priorities.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):705-707

Charles Scott is a rancher and state legislator in Wyoming. Christopher F. Koller is the president of the Milbank Memorial Fund, New York, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305019DOI Listing

AJPH Global News.

Authors:

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):646

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305034DOI Listing

News From The Nation's Health.

Authors:

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):647

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.305033DOI Listing

Cow-Pock Inoculation: Vindicated and Recommended From Matters of Fact.

Authors:

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):695-697

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.1095695DOI Listing

Another Major Reason to Lower the Blood Alcohol Concentration Limit for Driving.

Authors:
James C Fell

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):670-671

James C. Fell is a principal research scientist with the Department of Economics, Justice, and Society, NORC at the University of Chicago, Bethesda, MD.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304987DOI Listing

Health as a Means, Not an End: A Public Health of Consequence, May 2019.

Am J Public Health 2019 May;109(5):672-673

Sandro Galea is with the School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA. Roger D. Vaughan is an AJPH associate editor and is with The Rockefeller University, New York, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305032DOI Listing

Pregnancy Outcomes in US Prisons, 2016-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):799-805. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Carolyn Sufrin and Lauren Beal are with the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Carolyn Sufrin is also with the Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Jennifer Clarke is with the Rhode Island Department of Corrections, Cranston. Rachel Jones is with the Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY. William D. Mosher is with the Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Objectives: To collect national data on pregnancy frequencies and outcomes among women in US state and federal prisons.

Methods: From 2016 to 2017, we prospectively collected 12 months of pregnancy statistics from a geographically diverse sample of 22 state prison systems and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Prisons reported numbers of pregnant women, births, miscarriages, abortions, and other outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305006DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Rural-Urban Differences in the Decline of Adolescent Cigarette Smoking.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):771-773. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Erika C. Ziller, Jennifer Dunbar Lenardson, Nathan C. Paluso, and Jean A. Talbot are with the Maine Rural Health Research Center, University of Southern Maine, Portland. Angela Daley is with the School of Economics, University of Maine, Orono.

Objectives: To examine change over time in cigarette smoking among rural and urban adolescents and to test whether rates of change differ by rural versus urban residence.

Methods: We used the 2008 through 2010 and 2014 through 2016 US National Survey of Drug Use and Health to estimate prevalence and adjusted odds of current cigarette smoking among rural and urban adolescents aged 12 to 17 years in each period. To test for rural-urban differences in the change between periods, we included an interaction between residence and time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304995DOI Listing

Third Parties (Venue Owners, Managers, Security, etc.) and Access to Occupational Health and Safety Among Sex Workers in a Canadian Setting: 2010-2016.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):792-798. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

All of the authors are with the Centre for Gender and Sexual Health Equity, Vancouver, BC. Bronwyn McBride is also with the Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Shira M. Goldenberg is also with the Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC. Kate Shannon is also with the Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Objective: To determine the impact of engagement with third parties (i.e., managers, receptionists, or owners of in-call venues; advertisers; security; spotters; and others) on sex workers' occupational health access. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304994DOI Listing

Austerity Policies and Mortality Rates in European Countries, 2011-2015.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):768-770. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Luis Rajmil is a pediatrician and epidemiology and public health specialist, currently retired. María-José Fernández de Sanmamed is a primary care physician, currently retired.

Objectives: To assess time trends in mortality rates in European countries for the period 2011 to 2015 by level of austerity measures imposed by governments in response to the economic and financial crisis.

Methods: We analyzed standardized mortality rates (SMRs) for 2011 through 2015 in 15 European countries based on Eurostat data ( http://ec.europa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304997DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

US Emergency Department Visits for Acute Harms From Prescription Opioid Use, 2016-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):784-791. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Maribeth C. Lovegrove, Andrew I. Geller, and Daniel S. Budnitz are with the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA. Deborah Dowell is with the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. Sandra K. Goring and Kathleen O. Rose are with Northrup Grumman Corporation, Atlanta. Nina J. Weidle is with Eagle Medical Services LLC, Atlanta.

Objectives: To estimate the number of US emergency department visits for prescription opioid harms by patient characteristics, intent, clinical manifestations, and active ingredient.

Methods: We used data from medical record-based surveillance from a nationally representative 60-hospital sample.

Results: Based on 7769 cases, there were 267 020 estimated emergency department visits annually (95% confidence interval [CI] = 209 833, 324 206) for prescription opioid harms from 2016 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305007DOI Listing

Planning for Food Access During Emergencies: Missed Meals in Philadelphia.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):781-783. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

All authors are with the Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Eliza W. Kinsey is also with the Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY. Roxanne Dupuis is also with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA. Carolyn C. Cannuscio is also with the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.

Objectives: To illustrate the effects that minor social or environmental disruptions could have on the food access of low-income households in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and provide suggestions for how cities can better incorporate food into emergency planning.

Methods: Using publicly available data and stakeholder interviews (n = 8) in 2017, we projected the number of meals that would be missed during environmental and social disruptions in Philadelphia, a major US city with a high poverty rate.

Results: As our projections in Philadelphia indicate, even just 3 days of school closures could result in as many as 405 600 missed meals for school-aged children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304996DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Reverend Rowland Hill and a Role for Religious Leaders in Vaccine Promotion.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):697-698. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Joshua T. B. Williams is with the Department of Pediatrics, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO, and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora. Abraham M. Nussbaum is with the Department of Behavioral Health, Denver Health Medical Center, and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305012DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Parental Leave, Lactation, and Childcare Policies at Top US Schools of Public Health.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):722-728. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Stephanie Morain is with the Center for Medical Ethics & Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. At the time of the study, Lauren Schoen was a research assistant at the Center for Medical Ethics & Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine. Makenna Marty is a medical student at California Northstate University, Elk Grove. Eleanor Bimla Schwarz is with the Department of General Internal Medicine at University of California Davis, Sacramento.

Objectives: To describe policies related to parental leave, breastfeeding, and childcare for faculty and staff at top schools of public health in the United States.

Methods: We identified the top 25 schools of public health from the US News and World Report rankings. We reviewed each institutional Web site to identify publicly available policies as of July 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304970DOI Listing

Evidence-Based Public Health Provided Through Local Health Departments: Importance of Academic-Practice Partnerships.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):739-747. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Paul Campbell Erwin is with the School of Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham. During article preparation, Renee G. Parks, Stephanie Mazzucca, Peg Allen, Hengrui Hu, and Ross C. Brownson were with the Prevention Research Center in St Louis, Brown School, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO. Elizabeth A. Baker is with the Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO. Johnnetta Davis-Joyce is with the National Association of County and City Health Officials, Washington, DC.

Objectives: To determine the extent to which US local health departments (LHDs) are engaged in evidence-based public health and whether this is influenced by the presence of an academic health department (AHD) partnership.

Methods: We surveyed a cross-sectional stratified random sample of 579 LHDs in 2017. We ascertained the extent of support for evidence-based decision-making and the use of evidence-based interventions in several chronic disease programs and whether the LHD participated in a formal, informal, or no AHD partnership. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304958DOI Listing

Malicious Actors on Twitter: A Guide for Public Health Researchers.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):688-692. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Amelia M. Jamison is with the Center for Health Equity, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park. David A. Broniatowski is with the Department of Engineering Management and Systems Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Sandra Crouse Quinn is with the Department of Family Science and the Center for Health Equity, School of Public Health, University of Maryland.

Social bots and other malicious actors have a significant presence on Twitter. It is increasingly clear that some of their activities can have a negative impact on public health. This guide provides an overview of the types of malicious actors currently active on Twitter by highlighting the characteristic behaviors and strategies employed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304969DOI Listing

Texting-While-Driving Bans and Motor Vehicle Crash-Related Emergency Department Visits in 16 US States: 2007-2014.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):748-754. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

At the time of this study, all authors were with the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Texas A&M University School of Public Health, College Station.

Objectives: To examine the impact of state texting bans on motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related emergency department (ED) visits.

Methods: We used ED data from 16 US states between 2007 and 2014. We employed a difference-in-difference approach and conditional Poisson regressions to estimate changes in counts of MVC-related ED visits in states with and without texting bans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304999DOI Listing

Joinpoint Trend Analysis of Infant Mortality Disparities in Wisconsin, 1999-2016.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):714-718. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

The authors are with University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute, Madison.

Objectives: To address shortcomings of previous research exploring trends in racial, educational, and race by educational disparities in infant mortality rates (IMRs) by using nonlinear methods to compare improvement within and between disparity domains.

Methods: We used joinpoint regression modeling to perform a cross-sectional analysis of IMR trends from linked birth and death certificates in Wisconsin between 1999 and 2016.

Results: In the race and education domains, IMR decreased by 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304945DOI Listing
May 2019
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Trends in Yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong Use Among US Adults, 2002-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 May 21;109(5):755-761. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Claudia (Chunyun) Wang is with the Department of Health and Human Development, Western Washington University, Bellingham and the School of Physical Education, Pingdingshan University, Pingdingshan, Henan Province, China. Kaigang Li is with the Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins. Arkopal Choudhury is with the Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Susan Gaylord is with the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Objectives: To examine the characteristics and temporal trends of yoga, tai chi, and qigong (YTQ) use among US adults.

Methods: Using the 2002, 2007, 2012, and 2017 National Health Interview Surveys, we examined the prevalence, patterns, and predicting factors of YTQ use by Taylor series linear regression, the Wald F χ test, and multivariable logistic regression models (n = 116 404).

Results: YTQ use increased from 5. Read More

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https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2019.3049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304998DOI Listing
May 2019
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