31,716 results match your criteria American journal of public health[Journal]


Subsidized Housing and Adult Asthma in Boston, 2010-2015.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Amar J. Mehta, Daniel P. Dooley, and Snehal N. Shah are with the Research and Evaluation Office, Boston Public Health Commission, Boston, MA. John Kane is with the Boston Housing Authority. Margaret Reid is with the Office of Health Equity, Boston Public Health Commission.

Objectives: To examine whether subsidized housing, specifically public housing and rental assistance, is associated with asthma in the Boston, Massachusetts, adult population.

Methods: We analyzed a pooled cross-sectional sample of 9554 adults taking part in 3 Boston Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys from 2010 to 2015. We estimated odds ratios for current asthma in association with housing status (public housing development [PHD] resident, rental assistance [RA] renter, non-RA renter, nonrenter nonowner, homeowner as reference) in logistic regression analyses adjusting for year, age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, and income. Read More

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Human Experimentation in Public Schools: How Schools Served as Sites of Vaccine Trials in the 20th Century.

Authors:
Will D Schupmann

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e8. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

At the time of the study, Will D. Schupmann was an undergraduate in the Department of History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Schools have long been critical partners for public health authorities in achieving widespread vaccination. In the mid-20th century, however, public schools also served as sites of large-scale experiments on novel vaccines. Through examining the experimental diphtheria, polio, and measles vaccine trials, I explored the implications of using schools in this manner, as well as the continuities and discontinuities among the three cases. Read More

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June 2018
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Industry Support of Patient Advocacy Organizations: The Case for an Extension of the Sunshine Act Provisions of the Affordable Care Act.

Authors:
Matthew S McCoy

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e5. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Matthew S. McCoy is with the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Perelman School of Medicine and the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Patient advocacy organizations (PAOs) have long been regarded as important representatives of patient and caregiver interests in health policy debates. Recently, however, PAOs have attracted increased scrutiny over their financial ties to drug and device companies. In the past year, researchers and policymakers have called for the creation of a "sunshine law" requiring mandatory public reporting of industry payments to PAOs. Read More

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June 2018
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Incarceration as a Health Determinant for Sexual Orientation and Gender Minority Persons.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Valerio Baćak is with the School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University-Newark, Newark, NJ. Kate Thurman is with the Rutgers Center for Gender, Sexuality, Law & Policy, Rutgers Law School, Newark. Katie Eyer and Suzanne A. Kim are with the Rutgers Law School, Newark. Rubab Qureshi is with the School of Nursing, Rutgers University-Newark. Jason D. P. Bird is with the Department of Social Work, Rutgers University-Newark. Luis M. Rivera is with the Department of Psychology, Rutgers University-Newark.

Incarceration is considerably more prevalent among sexual and gender minority persons (SGM) than among the general population. Once behind bars, they are at the greatest risk for health-related harms. Although a growing number of studies have assessed health disparities produced by mass incarceration, scholars are yet to systematically assess the health consequences of incarceration on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. Read More

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June 2018
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Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Arrests for Drug Possession After California Proposition 47, 2011-2016.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Alyssa C. Mooney, M. Maria Glymour, and Meghan D. Morris are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco. Eric Giannella is with the California Department of Justice, Oakland. Torsten B. Neilands is with the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. Jacqueline Tulsky is with the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. May Sudhinaraset is with the Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles.

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of California Proposition 47, which reclassified felony drug offenses to misdemeanors in 2014, on racial/ethnic disparities in drug arrests.

Methods: Using data on all drug arrests made in California from 2011 to 2016, we compared racial/ethnic disparities in drug arrests between Whites, Blacks, and Latinos, immediately and 1 year after policy changes, controlling for secular and seasonal trends.

Results: In the month following passage, absolute Black-White disparities in monthly felony drug arrests decreased from 81 to 44 per 100 000 and continued to decrease over time. Read More

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Childhood Experiences of Sexual Violence, Pregnancy, and Marriage Associated With Child Sex Trafficking Among Female Sex Workers in Two US-Mexico Border Cities.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

At the time of the study, Sabrina C. Boyce, Daniel Triplett, Argentina E. Servin, and Jay G. Silverman were affiliated with the Center on Gender Equity and Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla. Kimberly C. Brouwer was with the School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego. Carlos Magis-Rodriguez was with the National Center for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS, Ministry of Health, Mexico City, Mexico.

Objectives: To quantitatively assess the relationships of childhood experiences of marriage, pregnancy, and sexual violence with underage sex trafficking.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey data from a population-based sample of 603 female sex workers from Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, were collected in 2013 and 2014, and we analyzed the data to evaluate relationships between pregnancy, marriage, and sexual violence when younger than 16 years, and child sex trafficking.

Results: Adjusted odds of child sex trafficking among those who experienced pregnancy, marriage, and childhood sexual violence when younger than 16 years in combined models were 2. Read More

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June 2018
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Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Knowledge and Intention Among Adult Inmates in Kansas, 2016-2017.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e3. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Molly Allison, Brynne Musser, Catherine Satterwhite, and Megha Ramaswamy are with the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City. Kevin Ault is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Kansas Medical Center. Patricia Kelly is with the School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri, Kansas City.

Objectives: To assess human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge and vaccine awareness, intention, and uptake among adult inmates in Kansas jails.

Methods: We administered a survey with questions adapted from the US National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey to 571 adult inmates in 3 Kansas jails from October 10 to 12, 2016, and January 25 to 27, 2017, to assess HPV knowledge and vaccine awareness, intention, and uptake.

Results: Although most adults across demographic groups recognized HPV as causing cervical cancer, knowledge was lower about other HPV-related cancers. Read More

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Prevalence and Data Availability of Early Childhood Caries in 193 United Nations Countries, 2007-2017.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Maha El Tantawi and Balgis O. Gaffar are with the Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Morenike O. Folayan is with the Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Mohamed Mehaina is with Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria, Egypt. Ana Vukovic is with the Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia. Jorge L. Castillo is with the Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. Arheiam Arheiam is with the Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Benghazi, Libya. Ola B. Al-Batayneh is with the Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan. Arthur M. Kemoli is with the Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Robert J. Schroth is with the Department of Preventive Dental Science, Dr Gerald Niznick College of Dentistry, and Departments of Pediatrics and Child Health and Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba. Gillian H. M. Lee is with Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objectives: To assess the relationship between health care system and economic factors and early childhood caries (ECC) data availability and prevalence.

Methods: We estimated ECC data for 193 United Nations countries from studies published between 2007 and 2017. We obtained other variables from the World Health Organization and the World Bank databases. Read More

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June 2018
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Influence of Hearing Loss on Child Behavioral and Home Experiences.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e3. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Wyatte C. Hall is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY. Dongmei Li is with the Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Rochester Medical Center. Timothy D. V. Dye is with the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Public Health Sciences, and Medical Informatics, and the Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Rochester Medical Center.

Objectives: To assess the influence of hearing loss on child behavioral diagnoses, and socioemotional and behavior status.

Methods: We analyzed US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) child data, years 2011 to 2015, for associations between reported hearing loss and relevant NHIS items.

Results: Compared with hearing children, NHIS respondents with a deaf child were more likely to report developmental delays (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 11. Read More

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Toward Real-Time Infoveillance of Twitter Health Messages.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e6. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Jason B. Colditz, Kar-Hai Chu, Chandler R. Larkin, and Brian A. Primack are with the Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA. Sherry L. Emery is with NORC, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. A. Everette James is with the Health Policy Institute, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh. Joel Welling is with the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Pittsburgh.

There is growing interest in conducting public health research using data from social media. In particular, Twitter "infoveillance" has demonstrated utility across health contexts. However, rigorous and reproducible methodologies for using Twitter data in public health are not yet well articulated, particularly those related to content analysis, which is a highly popular approach. Read More

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June 2018
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Community and Street-Scale Supports for Walking in the US Virgin Islands Before the 2017 Hurricanes.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e4. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

John D. Omura, Emily N. Ussery, Susan A. Carlson, Dana Olzenak McGuire, Prabasaj Paul, Erin L. Peterson, and Janet E. Fulton are with the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Kathleen Arnold-Lewis, John Orr, and Esther M. Ellis are with the US Virgin Islands Department of Health, Christiansted, US Virgin Islands. Lillianne Lewis is with the Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of community and street-scale design features that promote walking across the US Virgin Islands (USVI).

Methods: In May 2016, the USVI Department of Health, with technical assistance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, conducted a territory-wide audit with a validated tool. We selected street segments (n = 1114) via a 2-stage sampling method, and estimates were weighted to be representative of publicly accessible street length. Read More

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June 2018
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Compliance in 2017 With Federal Calorie Labeling in 90 Chain Restaurants and 10 Retail Food Outlets Prior to Required Implementation.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e4. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

All of the authors are with the Division of Chronic Disease Research Across the Lifecourse, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Objectives: To examine early compliance with the delayed federal calorie labeling regulation that requires posting calories on menus and menu boards at retail food chains with 20 or more establishments nationally.

Methods: We explored implementation of calorie labeling at 90 of the largest US chain restaurants and the 10 highest-grossing supermarket chains from May to December 2017. We contacted corporate offices and at least 2 locations for each chain, made site visits when possible, and supplemented these efforts with targeted Internet searches. Read More

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June 2018
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Cigar and Marijuana Blunt Use Among Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women of Reproductive Age in the United States, 2006-2016.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e3. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Victoria H. Coleman-Cowger is with Battelle and the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore. Wallace B. Pickworth and Erica N. Peters are with Battelle, Baltimore, MD. Robert A. Lordo is with Battelle, Columbus, OH.

Objectives: To assess trends in prevalence of cigar and blunt use in relation to cigarette use among pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age.

Methods: We used 2006 to 2016 data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health to assess past-month use of cigarettes, cigars, and blunts among a total of 8695 pregnant women and 162 451 nonpregnant women aged 18 to 44 years.

Results: Cigarette use was more prevalent than cigar or blunt use in pregnant and nonpregnant women, with higher prevalence in nonpregnant women for each product. Read More

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June 2018
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Prevention of Underage Drinking on California Indian Reservations Using Individual- and Community-Level Approaches.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e7. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Roland S. Moore, Joel W. Grube, Juliet P. Lee, Bettina Friese, and Laura J. Finan are with Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA. David A. Gilder and Cindy L. Ehlers are with the Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA. Jennifer A. Geisler was with and Daniel J. Calac is with the Southern California Tribal Health Center.

Objectives: To evaluate combined individual- and community-level interventions to reduce underage drinking by American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youths on rural California Indian reservations.

Methods: Individual-level interventions included brief motivational interviewing and psychoeducation for Tribal youths. Community-level interventions included community mobilization and awareness activities, as well as restricting alcohol sales to minors. Read More

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June 2018
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Trends in Homeless Children and Young Adults Seeking Shelter in a Boston Pediatric Emergency Department Following State Housing Policy Changes, 2011-2016.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e3. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Mia Kanak is with the Department of Pediatrics at Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School and Boston University School of Medicine/Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA. Amanda Stewart is with the Division of Emergency Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School. Robert Vinci and Megan Sandel are with the Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine/Boston Medical Center. Shanshan Liu is with the Institutional Centers for Clinical and Translational Research, Boston Children's Hospital.

Objectives: To describe a trend in emergency department (ED) use by homeless children and young adults before and after a state housing policy change in 2012 and to quantify financial and time costs to the health care system.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed de-identified electronic medical records of homeless children and young adults aged 0 to 21 years seeking shelter at an urban tertiary pediatric ED in Boston, Massachusetts, between September 1, 2011, and August 31, 2016.

Results: We identified 1078 visits for homelessness by 916 children and young adults. Read More

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June 2018
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Disparities in Smoking Cessation Assistance in US Primary Care Clinics.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jun 21:e1-e9. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Steffani R. Bailey, John Heintzman, and Miguel Marino are with the Department of Family Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR. John Heintzman, R. Lorie Jacob, and Jon Puro are with OCHIN Inc, Portland. Miguel Marino is also with Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University School of Public Health, Division of Biostatistics, Portland.

Objectives: To examine associations between patient factors and smoking cessation assistance in US safety-net clinics.

Methods: Using electronic health record data from the OCHIN network, we identified adults with at least 1 primary care visit to a study clinic (n = 143 clinics in 12 states) with at least 1 documented "current smoker" status during 2014 to 2016 (n = 136 314; 29.8%). Read More

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AJPH Global News.

Authors:

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):838

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Marijuana Initiatives Versus Legislation and Public Health.

Authors:
H Westley Clark

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):854-856

H. Westley Clark is with the Public Health Program, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA.

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Threats to United States Fully Reviewed and Strategic Plan for Integration of Transgender Military Members Into the Armed Forces.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):892-894

All of the authors are with the Johns Hopkins Center for Transgender Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

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July 2018
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Need for Men's Awareness of Intimate Partner Violence via Information Technologies.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e16

All of the authors are with Florida International University Department of Psychology, Health Disparities and Cultural Identities Lab, Florida International University, Miami.

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July 2018
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Pomeranz et al. Respond.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e18-e19

Jennifer L. Pomeranz is with the College of Global Public Health at New York University, New York, NY. Renata Micha and Dariush Mozaffarian are with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, Boston, MA.

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AJPH Instagram Photo Contest-National Public Health Week "Changing Our Future Together".

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):937

Ericka A. Lara Ovares is with the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis. Tara Twyman is with Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO. Marwa Fadlalla is with George Washington University in Washington, DC. Olushola Olaitan Ogunleye is with the Department of Public and Community Health, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA. Melanie Rogers is with the University of New England, Biddeford, ME. Cem Akkus is with the University of Memphis, Memphis, TN. Kalpita Patel is an alumna of Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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The Potential Data-Generating Role of a Federal Junk Food and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e18

Both authors are with the Department of Dermatology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

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News From The Nation's Health.

Authors:

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):839

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The Dickey Amendment on Federal Funding for Research on Gun Violence: A Legal Dissection.

Authors:
Allen Rostron

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):865-867

Allen Rostron is with the School of Law, University of Missouri-Kansas City.

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July 2018
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The Catholic Church, AIDS, and Sexuality in Ireland: Uncovering Part of the Story.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):850-851

Gerald M. Oppenheimer is with the Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, City University of New York, and the Center for the History of Ethics and Public Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY.

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Effect of Parental Permission and Age Restriction Laws on US Adolescent Indoor Tanning Trends.

Authors:
DeAnn Lazovich

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):851-853

DeAnn Lazovich is with the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, and the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

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Learning From the Evolving Conversation on Firearms: A Public Health of Consequence, July 2018.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):856-857

Sandro Galea is with the School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA. Roger D. Vaughan is an AJPH associate editor and is with the Department of Biostatistics, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY.

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Marijuana Regulatory Frameworks in Four US States: An Analysis Against a Public Health Standard.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):914-923

At the beginning of this study, Rachel A. Barry and Stanton A. Glantz were with the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Department of Medicine, and Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California San Francisco. Rachel A. Barry is a graduate student, School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland.

The movement to legalize and regulate retail marijuana is growing. We examined legislation and regulations in the first 4 states to legalize recreational marijuana (Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska) to analyze whether public health best practices from tobacco and alcohol control to reduce population-level demand were being followed. Only between 34% and 51% of policies followed best practices. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Health Challenges and Opportunities for an Aging China.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):890-892

The authors are with the Institute of Population Research and the APEC Health Science Academy, Peking University, Beijing, China.

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July 2018
2 Reads

The New US "Conscience and Religious Freedom Division": Imposing Religious Beliefs on Others.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):889-890

Both authors are with the Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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Rowland et al. Respond.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e12-e13

Andrew S. Rowland is with College of Population Health, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque. Stephanie A. Gorman, Robert J. Thoma, John H. King, and Richard A. Campbell are with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center. Robert A. Annett is with the Department of Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson. Christopher A. McGrew is with the Departments of Family and Community Medicine and Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center. Ronald A. Yeo is with the Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Andrew R. Mayer is with The Mind Research Network, Albuquerque, NM.

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July 2018
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Bhatt and Beck-Sagué Respond.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e25

Both authors are with Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Florida International University, Miami.

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July 2018
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Challenges in Studying Medicaid Expansion's Association With Infant Mortality.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e24

All of the authors are with the Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison.

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July 2018
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Assessing Exposure Time and Concussion Risk.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e12

Kathleen E. Bachynski is with the Department of Medicine, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY. David I. Swedler is with the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD.

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July 2018
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Ahonen et al. Respond.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e22-e23

Emily Q. Ahonen is with the Department of Environmental Health Science and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis. Kaori Fujishiro is with the Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Cincinnati, OH. Michael Flynn is with the Occupational Health Equity Program, NIOSH, CDC, Cincinnati. Thomas Cunningham is with the Training Research and Evaluation Branch, Education and Information Division, NIOSH, CDC, Cincinnati.

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July 2018
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Lemons et al. Respond.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e14-e15

Ansley Lemons, Linda Beer, Teresa Finlayson, Donna Hubbard McCree, and R. Luke Shouse are with the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Daniel Lentine is with the Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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July 2018
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Potential Misclassification of HIV-Positive Persons As Transgender Men.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e14

All of the authors are with the Division of Disease Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY.

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Population Health Is Immigrant Health Is Worker Health.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e22

Marie-Anne S. Rosemberg is with the University of Michigan School of Nursing, Department of Systems, Populations and Leadership, Ann Arbor. Jenny Hsin-Chun Tsai is with the University of Washington School of Nursing, Psychosocial & Community Health Department, Seattle.

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July 2018
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Yimgang and Black Respond.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e20-e21

Doris P. Yimgang is with the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore. Maureen M. Black is with the Department of Pediatrics and the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, and RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC.

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Critical Reflexivity of Communities on Their Experience to Improve Population Health.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):896-901

Monica L. Wendel, Billie F. Castle, and C. Monique Ingram are with the Department of Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences, University of Louisville School of Public Health & Information Sciences, Louisville, KY. Whitney R. Garney is with the Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station.

Although community capacity has been prominent in the public health literature for nearly 20 years, the field has only operationalized a few dimensions. An intriguing dimension of capacity is a community's ability to critically reflect. On the basis of previous research as well as theoretical and practical insights from management and organizational learning literature, we offer a process framework for critical reflexivity practice in community. Read More

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Characterizing "Civil Unrest" as a Public Health Determinant.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):e20

The author is with the Department of Health Policy & Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the Berman Institute of Bioethics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

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What Becomes of America's Military Brats?

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):837

University of Iowa College of Public Health Iowa City, Iowa.

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July 2018
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Addressing the Declining Rates of Completion and Gender Coverage Inequity in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in the United States.

Authors:
Franklin D Pratt

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):853-854

Franklin D. Pratt is with the Vaccine Preventable Disease Control Program, Department of Public Health, County of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

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July 2018
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Shifting the Focus in Intimate Partner Violence Research.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):846-848

Jenifer E. Allsworth is with the Departments of Biomedical and Health Informatics and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City.

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July 2018
3 Reads

AIDS, Sexual Health, and the Catholic Church in 1980s Ireland: A Public Health Paradox?

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):908-913

Ann Nolan is with the Centre for Global Health, University of Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Shane Butler is with the School of Social Work and Social Policy, University of Dublin, Trinity College (emeritus).

Our aim was to explore the paradoxical role of the Catholic Church during the early AIDS era in establishing a policy network committed to the principles of public health, even in instances in which these principles contradicted Catholic moral teaching. This article is rooted in a study that explored the transformational effects of AIDS on Irish sexual health policy during the initial decade of the epidemic; that is, as it unfolded in Ireland between 1982 and 1992. Our source material, consisting of 20 documents that had been unexplored for more than 25 years, was obtained from the Dublin AIDS Alliance Ltd. Read More

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July 2018
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Is Arming Teachers Our Nation's Best Response to Gun Violence? The Perspective of Public Health Students.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):862-863

Melanie Rogers is with the University of New England, Biddeford, ME. Ericka A. Lara Ovares is with the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis. Olushola Olaitan Ogunleye is with the Department of Public and Community Health, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA. Tara Twyman is with Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO. Cem Akkus is with the University of Memphis, Memphis, TN. Kalpita Patel is an alumna of Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Marwa Fadlalla is with George Washington University, Washington, DC.

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July 2018
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Progress and Challenges in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Measurement in the First Year of the Trump Administration.

Authors:
Laura E Durso

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):894-895

Laura E. Durso is the vice president of the LGBT Research and Communications Project at the Center for American Progress, Washington, DC.

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July 2018
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"Save 100,000 Babies": The 1918 Children's Year and Its Legacy.

Am J Public Health 2018 Jul;108(7):902-907

Cynthia A. Connolly is with the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia. Janet Golden is with the Department of History, Rutgers University-Camden, Camden, NJ.

In April 1918, President Woodrow Wilson, alarmed at the high draftee rejection rate, proclaimed the second year of American engagement in World War I as "Children's Year." The motto of the nationwide program was to "Save 100,000 Babies." Children's Year represented a multipronged child welfare campaign aimed at gathering data on best practices regarding maternal and child health promotion, documenting the effects of poverty on ill health, reducing the school drop-out rate, ensuring safe play spaces for children, and addressing the unique needs of targeted populations such as orphans and delinquents. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read