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    5900 results match your criteria American journal of preventive medicine[Journal]

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    Injuries From Physical Abuse: National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence I-III.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Crimes Against Children Research Center, Department of Sociology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire.
    Introduction: Official data sources do not provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with complete information on physical injury from child abuse. This analysis provides a national estimate of the percentage of children who were injured during their most recent incident of physical abuse.

    Methods: Pooled data from three cross-sectional national telephone survey samples (N=13,052 children) included in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence completed in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were used. Read More

    Weight Status and Cigarette and Electronic Cigarette Use in Adolescents.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, UTHealth, School of Public Health in Austin, Austin, Texas. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Research shows that adolescents who are overweight or obese may be at greater risk of cigarette smoking, and that this relationship may vary by gender. However, this relationship is understudied for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Given the high rate of adolescent obesity and the rise in e-cigarette use in adolescents, this relationship should be investigated. Read More

    Use of Welcome to Medicare Visits Among Older Adults Following the Affordable Care Act.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Introduction: To encourage greater utilization of preventive services among Medicare beneficiaries, the 2010 Affordable Care Act waived coinsurance for the Welcome to Medicare visit, making this benefit free starting in 2011. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the Affordable Care Act on Welcome to Medicare visit utilization.

    Methods: A 5% sample of newly enrolled fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries for 2005-2016 was used to estimate changes in Welcome to Medicare visit use over time. Read More

    Fifteen-year Weight and Disordered Eating Patterns Among Community-based Adolescents.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
    Introduction: The current study aims to characterize weight-change trajectories and their concomitant associations with prospectively measured dieting and other disordered eating behaviors among initially nonoverweight adolescents during the transition to adulthood.

    Methods: A population-based sample (n=1,091) self-reported their height/weight, dieting, unhealthy weight-control behaviors, and binge eating at 5-year intervals between 1998/1999 and 2013/2014, spanning early/middle adolescence through middle/late young adulthood. Data were analyzed in 2016/2017. Read More

    Patterns of E-cigarette Use Frequency-National Adult Tobacco Survey, 2012-2014.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 3. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: Accounting for occasional or intermittent e-cigarette use has yielded higher estimates of current use among U.S. adults. Read More

    Wearable Technology and Physical Activity in Chronic Disease: Opportunities and Challenges.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 6. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Cancer Epidemiology and Intelligence Division, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia; Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Physical Activity Laboratory, Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

    Health Insurance Status and Clinical Cancer Screenings Among U.S. Adults.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: Health insurance coverage is linked to clinical preventive service use. This study examined cancer screenings among U.S. Read More

    An Electronic Health Record-Based Strategy to Address Child Tobacco Smoke Exposure.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
    Introduction: A high proportion of children presenting to pediatric urgent cares are exposed to tobacco smoke. An electronic health record-based clinical decision support system for nurses to facilitate guideline-based tobacco smoke exposure screening and counseling for caregivers who smoke was designed and evaluated.

    Design: A mixed-methods, 3-month, prospective study that began in November 2015, data were analyzed in June 2016. Read More

    A Randomized Trial of Incentives for Smoking Treatment in Medicaid Members.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 24. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
    Introduction: Low-income populations are especially likely to smoke and have difficulty quitting. This study evaluated a monetary incentive intended to increase smoking treatment engagement and abstinence among Medicaid recipients who smoke.

    Study Design: Two-group randomized clinical trial of Incentive (n=948) and Control interventions (n=952) for smoking. Read More

    HPV Vaccination Among Foreign-Born Women: Examining the National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 23. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.
    Introduction: Human papillomavirus vaccination is less prevalent among foreign-born than U.S.-born women and may lead to disparities in human papillomavirus-related cancers in the future. Read More

    Mobile Technology for Treatment Augmentation in Veteran Smokers With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 23. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    Mental Health Services, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Health Care System, San Francisco, California; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
    Introduction: The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of incorporating a mobile application, Stay Quit Coach, into an integrated care smoking-cessation treatment protocol for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

    Methods: Participants included veteran smokers aged 18-69 years with PTSD. The integrated care protocol includes eight weekly PTSD-informed cognitive behavioral therapy sessions for smoking cessation, followed by monthly booster sessions and a prescription for standard smoking-cessation medications if desired. Read More

    Walking in Relation to Mortality in a Large Prospective Cohort of Older U.S. Adults.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Intramural Research Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: Engaging in >150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity weekly is recommended for optimal health. The relationship between walking, the most common activity especially for older adults, and total mortality is not well documented.

    Methods: Data from a large U. Read More

    Preventive Service Use Among People With and Without Serious Mental Illnesses.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, Oregon.
    Introduction: People with serious mental illnesses experience excess morbidity and premature mortality resulting from preventable conditions. The goal was to examine disparities in preventive care that might account for poor health outcomes.

    Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, adults (N=803,276) served by Kaiser Permanente Northwest and federally qualified health centers/safety-net community health clinics were categorized into five groups: schizophrenia spectrum disorders, bipolar disorders/affective psychoses, anxiety disorders, nonpsychotic unipolar depression, and reference groups with no evidence of these specific mental illnesses. Read More

    Trends in Sodium Content of Menu Items in Large Chain Restaurants in the U.S.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Introduction: Consuming too much sodium is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease, and restaurant foods are a primary source of sodium. This study assessed recent trends in sodium content of menu items in U.S. Read More

    Authors' Response: "Angelina Jolie Effect" on the Shifting Role of BRCA Testing in the U.S.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov;53(5):e197-e199
    Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Office of Biostatistics, Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Departments of Internal Medicine and Sealy Center on Aging, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; Institute for Translational Science, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

    HIV Testing at Visits to Physicians' Offices in the U.S., 2009-2012.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov;53(5):634-645
    Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: HIV testing serves as an entry point for HIV care services for those who test HIV positive, and prevention services for those who test HIV negative. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends routine testing of adults and adolescents in healthcare settings. To identify missed opportunities for HIV testing at U. Read More

    The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Recommendations on Public Health Funding.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    GlaxoSmithKline, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Committee makes policy guidelines and recommendations on Preventive Medicine and Public Health topics for Public Health decision makers. After a review of the current evidence available in 2016, the College is providing policy recommendations designed to inform public health investment. The American College of Preventive Medicine advocates for policies that recognize the health and economic value of public health funding and promote investment in these vital capabilities. Read More

    Access to Employee Wellness Programs and Use of Preventive Care Services Among U.S. Adults.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee. Electronic address:
    Introduction: There is little research at the national level on access to employee wellness programs and the use of preventive care services. This study examined the use of seven preventive care services among U.S working adults with access to employee wellness programs. Read More

    Patterns of Prostate-Specific Antigen Test Use in the U.S., 2005-2015.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.
    Introduction: Recommendations for prostate-specific antigen-based screening for prostate cancer are placing increasing emphasis on men aged 55-69 years. The goal of the current study is to describe patterns of population-based prostate-specific antigen testing with details about that age group.

    Methods: National Health Interview Surveys from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed in 2017 to estimate routine prostate-specific antigen testing in the past year from self-reported data by age group (40-54, 55-69, ≥70 years), and also by risk group, defined as African American men or men with a family history of prostate cancer versus other men. Read More

    An RCT to Facilitate Implementation of School Practices Known to Increase Physical Activity.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Hunter New England Population Health, Wallsend, New South Wales, Australia; School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia; Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.
    Introduction: Although comprehensive school-based physical activity interventions are efficacious when tested under research conditions, they often require adaptation in order for implementation at scale. This paper reports the effectiveness of an adapted efficacious school-based intervention in improving children's moderate to vigorous physical activity. The impact of strategies to support program implementation was also assessed. Read More

    Sedentary Time, Physical Activity, and Adiposity: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Associations in CARDIA.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Sep 26. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.
    Introduction: Higher sedentary time (ST) and lower moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) have each been associated with greater adiposity, but most studies are cross-sectional and measure ST and MVPA by self-report. This study evaluated associations between objective ST and MVPA with current and 5-year changes in BMI and waist circumference.

    Methods: The Coronary Artery and Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study recruited black or white young adults from four U. Read More

    Cost Benefit of Comprehensive Primary and Preventive School-Based Health Care.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland;; Departments of Population Family and Reproductive Health and Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Introduction: The Rales Health Center is a comprehensive school-based health center at an urban elementary/middle school. Rales Health Center provides a full range of pediatric services using an enriched staffing model consisting of pediatrician, nurse practitioner, registered nurses, and medical office assistant. This staffing model provides greater care but costs more than traditional school-based health centers staffed by part-time nurses. Read More

    Softening Among U.S. Smokers With Psychological Distress: More Quit Attempts and Lower Consumption as Smoking Drops.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Sep 27. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. Electronic address:
    Introduction: It has been argued that as smoking prevalence declines, the remaining smokers represent a "hard core" who are unwilling or unable to quit, a process known as hardening. However, as recently shown, the general smoking population is softening not hardening (i.e. Read More

    A Randomized Trial of Text Messaging for Smoking Cessation in Pregnant Women.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Sep 26. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia.
    Introduction: There is a need for innovation in both the enrollment of pregnant smokers in smoking cessation treatment programs and in the types of treatments offered. The study tests whether an interactive and intensive text messaging program, Quit4baby, can promote smoking cessation for pregnant women already enrolled in a health text messaging program, Text4baby.

    Methods: Between July 2015 and February 2016, a total of 35,957 recruitment text messages were sent to Text4baby subscribers. Read More

    Pneumococcal Vaccination Among Adults With Work-related Asthma.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Sep 22. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia.
    Introduction: Pneumococcal vaccination is recommended for all adults with asthma and a Healthy People 2020 goal aims to achieve 60% coverage among high-risk adults, including those with asthma. Adults with work-related asthma have more severe asthma symptoms than those with non-work-related asthma and are particularly vulnerable to pneumococcal pneumonia.

    Methods: To assess pneumococcal vaccination coverage by work-related asthma status among ever-employed adults aged 18-64 years with current asthma, data from the 2012-2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey for ever-employed adults (18-64 years) with current asthma from 29 states were examined in 2016. Read More

    Vaccination Coverage of Adolescents With Chronic Medical Conditions.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 18;53(5):680-688. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York; New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York; Department of Population and Family Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York.
    Introduction: Adolescents with chronic medical conditions (CMCs) are at increased risk of vaccine-preventable infections. Little is known about their vaccine uptake.

    Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 3,989 adolescents aged 11-17 years receiving care at academically affiliated pediatric clinics between August 2011 and June 2013. Read More

    Reach and Effectiveness of the National Diabetes Prevention Program for Young Women.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 18;53(5):714-718. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, Colorado.
    Introduction: Reducing obesity and diabetes risks among women of child-bearing age is urgently needed to halt the transgenerational cycle of disease. Interventions among pregnant women have largely been ineffective and may be initiated too late to improve maternal and child health. The National Diabetes Prevention Program is a widely disseminated lifestyle intervention that may help mitigate risks before pregnancy. Read More

    Childhood Maltreatment and BMI Trajectory: The Mediating Role of Depression.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 18;53(5):625-633. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University School of Public Health, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Childhood maltreatment is associated with later obesity, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The objective of this study was to estimate the extent to which depression mediates the associations between childhood maltreatment and BMI in adolescence through adulthood.

    Methods: Data on a cohort of 13,362 adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Wave I [1994-1995] to Wave IV [2008-2009]) were analyzed in 2015-2016. Read More

    Vitamin D and Blood Pressure Among U.S. Adults: A Cross-sectional Examination by Race/Ethnicity and Gender.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 18;53(5):670-679. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Community Medicine, Andaman and Nicobar Institute of Medical Sciences, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
    Introduction: The cross-sectional association of serum vitamin D levels with blood pressure and hypertension status among a representative sample of U.S. adults was examined. Read More

    Mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Young Children's Development.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Health Management and Policy, Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:
    Introduction: This study examined how mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) relate to their children's developmental risk and assessed how the association is mediated through mothers' depressive symptoms and fair/poor health.

    Methods: Mothers of children aged between 4 months and 4 years were recruited from the emergency department of a children's hospital between March 2012 and June 2015 and interviewed about ACEs, mothers' depressive symptoms and health status, and children's developmental risk (screened via Parents' Evaluations of Developmental Status [PEDS]). Between August and November 2016 a Cochran-Armitage test assessed trend of PEDS by ACEs. Read More

    Prevalence and Trends in Lifetime Obesity in the U.S., 1988-2014.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 5;53(5):567-575. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Sociology and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Introduction: Estimates of obesity prevalence based on current BMI are an important but incomplete indicator of the total effects of obesity on a population.

    Methods: In this study, data on current BMI and maximum BMI were used to estimate prevalence and trends in lifetime obesity status, defined using the categories never (maximum BMI ≤30 kg/m(2)), former (maximum BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) and current BMI ≤30 kg/m(2)), and current obesity (current BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)). Prevalence was estimated for the period 2013-2014 and trends for the period 1988-2014 using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Read More

    Current High-Intensity Drinking Among Eighth and Tenth Grade Students in the U.S.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Introduction: This study assessed the prevalence of current high-intensity drinking (i.e., having ten or more drinks in a row in the past 2 weeks) among national samples of U. Read More

    Association of Paid Sick Leave Laws With Foodborne Illness Rates.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 1;53(5):609-615. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Public Health Institute, Oakland, California.
    Introduction: Previous studies suggest an association between paid sick leave (PSL) and better population health, including fewer infectious and nosocomial gastrointestinal disease outbreaks. Yet few studies examine whether laws requiring employers to offer PSL demonstrate a similar association. This mixed-methods study examined whether laws requiring employers to provide PSL are associated with decreased foodborne illness rates, particularly laws that are more supportive of employees taking leave. Read More

    The Guide to Community Preventive Services and Disability Inclusion.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: Approximately 40 million people in the U.S. identify as having a serious disability, and people with disabilities experience many health disparities compared with the general population. Read More

    Oral Health-Promoting School Environments and Dental Caries in Québec Children.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 30;53(5):697-704. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Division of Oral Health and Society, Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Dental caries are highly prevalent among children and have negative health consequences. Their occurrence may depend in part on school-based environmental or policy-related factors, but few researchers have explored this subject. This study aimed to identify oral health promoting school environment types and estimate their relation with 2-year dental caries incidence among Québec children aged 8-10 years. Read More

    Potential Functional Benefit From Light Intensity Physical Activity in Knee Osteoarthritis.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 30;53(5):689-696. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Center for Healthcare Studies and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
    Introduction: Knee pain may preclude participation in higher intensity physical activity in people with knee osteoarthritis and benefits of light activity are unclear. The effect of replacing sedentary time with light intensity activity on incident functional limitation 2 years later was investigated.

    Methods: Included were people with or at high risk of knee osteoarthritis without baseline functional limitation using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative collected between August 2008 and July 2010. Read More

    SES, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Race in the U.S.: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    Am J Prev Med 2017 Nov 30;53(5):730-739. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Health Sciences, Community and Occupational Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
    Context: The risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the U.S. is higher in individuals with low SES than in those with high SES. Read More

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