6,722 results match your criteria American journal of preventive medicine[Journal]


Human Papillomavirus Immunization in Rural Primary Care.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Family Medicine, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address:

Introduction: Despite the safety and efficacy of the human papillomavirus vaccine, thousands are impacted by human papillomavirus and its related cancers. Rural regions have disproportionately low rates of human papillomavirus vaccination. Primary care clinics play an important role in delivering the human papillomavirus vaccine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.018DOI Listing

Postpartum Health Care Among Women With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

College of Health Professions, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Introduction: Postpartum health care among women with intellectual and developmental disabilities has not been well studied. This study uses administrative claims to compare postpartum outpatient visits among women with and without intellectual and developmental disabilities.

Methods: Massachusetts All Payers Claims Database 2012-2015 was used to identify women with intellectual and developmental disabilities and a live birth during 2012-2014, matched by infant birth year to 3 women without intellectual and developmental disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.011DOI Listing

Preventing COVID-19 and Its Sequela: "There Is No Magic Bullet... It's Just Behaviors".

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Medicine, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York; VA New York Harbor Healthcare System, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260531PMC

Relationships Between Initial COVID-19 Risk Perceptions and Protective Health Behaviors: A National Survey.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Center for Economic and Social Research, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Introduction: Perceptions of health risks inform decisions about protective behaviors, but COVID-19 was an unfamiliar risk as it began to spread across the U.S. In the initial stage of the epidemic, authors examined perceived risks for COVID-19 infection and infection fatality and whether these risk perceptions were associated with protective behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7242956PMC

Demographic Groups Likely Affected by Regulating Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Portion Sizes.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Introduction: Sugar-sweetened beverages are a key driver of obesity. Portion-size regulations typically limit the volume of unsealed sugar-sweetened beverage containers to 16 fluid ounces. These regulations could reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, but whom these policies would affect remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.021DOI Listing

Clinical Characteristics, Associated Factors, and Predicting COVID-19 Mortality Risk: A Retrospective Study in Wuhan, China.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Public Health, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: COVID-19 has become a serious global pandemic. This study investigates the clinical characteristics and the risk factors for COVID-19 mortality and establishes a novel scoring system to predict mortality risk in patients with COVID-19.

Methods: A cohort of 1,663 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, of whom 212 died and 1,252 recovered, were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250782PMC

Immunogenicity of Hepatitis B Vaccine in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Meta-Analysis.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Key Laboratory for Health Technology Assessment, National Commission of Health and Family planning, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.. Electronic address:

Context: The study aims to quantitatively assess the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born preterm or with low birth weight.

Evidence Acquisition: In December 2018, a literature search was conducted in 4 databases without date restrictions. The pooled ORs, mean differences, and their corresponding 95% CIs were calculated with random-effects models using the DerSimonian-Laird estimator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.009DOI Listing

Healthier Food and Beverage Interventions in Schools: Four Community Guide Systematic Reviews.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul;59(1):e15-e26

Perelman School of Medicine and School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Context: Healthy eating during childhood is important for optimal growth and helps reduce the risk of obesity, which has potentially serious health consequences. Changing the school food environment may offer one way to improve students' dietary intake. This manuscript reports 4 Community Guide systematic reviews examining the effectiveness of interventions in schools promoting healthy eating and weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.011DOI Listing

Financial Hardship, Healthcare Utilization, and Health Among U.S. Cancer Survivors.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul;59(1):68-78

Surveillance and Health Services Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: This study examined associations of both medical and nonmedical financial hardships with healthcare utilization and self-rated health among cancer survivors.

Methods: The National Health Interview Survey (2013-2017) was used to identify cancer survivors (aged 18-64 years: n=4,939; aged ≥65 years: n=6,972). A total of 4 levels of medical financial hardship intensities were created with measures from material, psychological, and behavioral domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.016DOI Listing

An RCT of Fecal Immunochemical Test Colorectal Cancer Screening in Veterans Without Recent Primary Care.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul;59(1):41-48

Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: The use of screening can prevent death from colorectal cancer, yet people without regular healthcare visits may not realize the benefits of this preventive intervention. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a mailed screening invitation or mailed fecal immunochemical test in increasing colorectal cancer screening uptake in veterans without recent primary care encounters.

Study Design: Three-arm pragmatic randomized trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.014DOI Listing

Awareness of Physical Activity Guidelines Among Rural Women.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul;59(1):143-145

Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.022DOI Listing

Mandatory Social Distancing Associated With Increased Doubling Time: An Example Using Hyperlocal Data.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul 8;59(1):140-142. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.04.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205678PMC

American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2019 Article of the Year.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul;59(1):1-2

Editor-in-Chief, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.002DOI Listing

Gay-Straight Alliances: A Mechanism of Health Risk Reduction Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Adolescents.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.

Introduction: Adolescents who identify as a sexual or gender minority are vulnerable to multiple health disparities because of stigma-based peer harassment. Given that sexual and gender minority adolescents may be bullied for several stigmatized identities that may exacerbate health risk, it is important to examine factors that can simultaneously reduce multiple forms of targeted victimization among sexual and gender minority adolescents. This study examines whether variation in health risk across sexual and gender minority adolescents who attend schools with versus without a gay-straight alliance can be explained by lessened bias-based bullying across a broad scope of stigmatized identities and attributes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.020DOI Listing

Volunteering and Subsequent Health and Well-Being in Older Adults: An Outcome-Wide Longitudinal Approach.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Human Flourishing Program, Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: Growing evidence documents strong associations between volunteering and favorable health and well-being outcomes. However, epidemiological studies have not evaluated whether changes in volunteering are associated with subsequent health and well-being outcomes.

Methods: Data were from 12,998 participants in the Health and Retirement Study-a large, diverse, prospective, and nationally representative cohort of U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.004DOI Listing

State Legislative Strategies to Pass, Enhance, and Obscure Preemption of Local Public Health Policy-Making.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Public Health Policy and Management, School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, New York.

Introduction: Local governments are often innovators of public health policy-making, yet states are increasingly preempting or prohibiting local control over public health issues. Previous research identified examples of strategies used by state legislatures to pass preemption in ways that may obscure public discussion about preemption or the topics preempted or enhance the strength of a previously passed preemptive law.

Methods: To systematically identify strategies to pass, obscure, or enhance preemption, in 2019, the authors conducted a content analysis of the full text of the bills from which preemptive laws in 5 policy areas (tobacco control, firearms, paid sick leave, food and nutrition, and civil rights) passed over a 5-year period (2014-2018) for preemptive laws that remained in effect as of January 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.023DOI Listing

Health and Budgetary Impact of Achieving 10-Year U.S. Sodium Reduction Targets.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: This study estimates the health, economic, and budgetary impact resulting from graduated sodium reductions in the commercially produced food supply of the U.S., which are consistent with draft U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.010DOI Listing

Impact of Medicaid Expansion on Healthcare Access Among Individuals Living With Chronic Diseases.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona.

Introduction: The Affordable Care Act's Medicaid expansion has been found to increase healthcare access among low-income individuals in the general population. Fewer studies have explored the impact of Medicaid expansion on healthcare access among those living with chronic diseases. It is also unclear whether the impact of Medicaid expansion varies across levels of educational attainment or poverty among this subgroup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.012DOI Listing

Randomized Trial of a Physical Activity Intervention for Latino Men: Activo.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.

Introduction: Latino men experience disproportionately high rates of diseases related to low physical activity, yet they are poorly represented in physical activity intervention trials. Efforts to promote physical activity in Latina women show promising results, yet such interventions are yet to be extended to Latino men. This study tested a computer expert system‒tailored, text messaging-supported physical activity intervention for underactive Spanish-speaking Latino men compared with a control group matched for contact time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.007DOI Listing

Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Facilities With Programs for Special Populations.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Center for Opioid Epidemiology and Policy, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Introduction: Special populations, including veterans, pregnant and postpartum women, and adolescents, benefit from opioid use disorder treatment tailored to their specific needs, but access to such services is poorly described. This study identifies the availability of opioid use disorder treatment facilities that use medications and have special programming and contextualizes facilities amid counties' opioid-related overdose mortality.

Methods: Data were compiled on 15,945 U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.022DOI Listing

Physicians' Use of Evidence-Based Strategies to Increase Adult Vaccination Uptake.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Adult and Child Consortium for Health Outcomes Research and Delivery Science, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; Department of Pediatrics Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Introduction: This study assesses the following among primary care physicians: (1) the use of evidence-based strategies to improve adult vaccination rates, (2) the number of strategies employed simultaneously, and (3) characteristics associated with assessing adult vaccinations at each visit.

Methods: An internet and mail survey was administered between December 2015 and January 2016 on primary care physicians designed to be representative of the American College of Physicians and American Academy of Family Physicians memberships. Data analysis was conducted in 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.020DOI Listing

Adding Financial Incentives to Online Group-Based Behavioral Weight Control: An RCT.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.

Introduction: Internet-delivered behavioral weight control is promising for expanding the reach and availability of weight management, but online programs produce lower weight losses than typically achieved in person. Financial incentives have been shown to increase weight losses. This study examined whether adding financial incentives for self-monitoring and achieving target weight losses increases weight losses attained in a fully online, group-based behavioral weight management program compared with the same program alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.015DOI Listing

U.S. Simulation of Lifetime Major Depressive Episode Prevalence and Recall Error.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Introduction: Simulation models can improve measurement and understanding of mental health conditions in the population. Major depressive episodes are a common and leading cause of disability but are subject to substantial recall bias in survey assessments. This study illustrates the application of a simulation model to quantify the full burden of major depressive episodes on population health in the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.021DOI Listing

Smoking-Cessation Methods and Outcomes Among Cancer Survivors.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Radiation Oncology and Department of Cell and Molecular Pharmacology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.016DOI Listing

Provider Advice and Patient Perceptions on Weight Across Five Health Systems.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: To improve the management of overweight and obesity in the primary care setting, an analysis of patient perceptions of weight status and predictors of weight loss attempts for those with overweight and obesity is needed.

Methods: Primary care patients (n=949) across 5 health systems in the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.013DOI Listing

Comparisons of Estimates From the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Other National Health Surveys, 2011-2016.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):e181-e190

Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is composed of telephone surveys that collect state data from non-institutionalized U.S. adults regarding health-related risk behaviors and chronic health conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.025DOI Listing

Response: Risk Is Not Causation.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):896-897

Division of Cardiology, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.026DOI Listing

Can the Association Between Electronic-Cigarette Use and Stroke Be Interpreted as Risk of Stroke?

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):895-896

Departments of Social and Behavioral Science and Epidemiology, College of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.020DOI Listing

Assessing Rural Health Coalitions Using the Public Health Logic Model: A Systematic Review.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):864-878

Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.

Context: Rural communities face unique challenges including fewer healthcare providers and restricted access to nutritious foods, likely leading to poor health outcomes. Community health coalitions are groups of local organizations partnering to address local health needs. Employing such coalitions is one strategy for implementing policy-system-environment changes for improving rural health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.015DOI Listing

Harm Reduction Coverage and Hepatitis C Incidence: Findings From a Cohort of People Who Inject Drugs.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):845-853

Research Centre of the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Needle and syringe programs and opioid agonist therapy are essential for harm reduction among people who inject drugs. Few studies assess their combined potential in preventing hepatitis C virus infection. No studies have assessed whether they perform similarly among individuals at risk of primary and recurrent infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.024DOI Listing

Impact of Hearing Loss on Patient Falls in the Inpatient Setting.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):839-844

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York. Electronic address:

Introduction: The objectives of this study were to investigate an association between the risk of patient falls and self-reported hearing loss and to examine whether self-reported hearing loss with versus without hearing aids predicts patient falls in an inpatient setting.

Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis was conducted in 2018 in a large, urban, academic medical center. Participants included unique inpatients (N=52,805) of adults aged >18 years between February 1, 2017, and February 1, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.019DOI Listing

Impact of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Recommendation and State Law on Birth Cohort Hepatitis C Screening of New York City Medicaid Recipients.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):832-838

Bureau of Communicable Disease, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, New York.

Introduction: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that, during 1999-2008, people born in 1945-1965 (the baby boomer generation) represented approximately 75% of people infected with hepatitis C virus and 73% of hepatitis C virus-associated deaths and are at greatest risk for hepatocellular carcinoma and liver disease. In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended one-time hepatitis C virus screening for people born during 1945-1965. In addition, New York State enacted a Hepatitis C Virus Testing Law in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.12.024DOI Listing

Prevalence and Management of Adult Obesity in a Large U.S. Academic Health System.

Am J Prev Med 2020 06;58(6):817-824

Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina.

Introduction: Both medication and surgical interventions can be used to treat obesity, yet their use and effectiveness in routine clinical practice are not clear. This study sought to characterize the prevalence and management of patients with obesity within a large U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.018DOI Listing

Disparities in the Population at Risk of Severe Illness From COVID-19 by Race/Ethnicity and Income.

Am J Prev Med 2020 07 27;59(1):137-139. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Health Law, Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183932PMC

Moving Toward Physical Activity Targets by Walking to Transit: National Household Transportation Survey, 2001-2017.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Department of Urban Design and Planning, College of Built Environments, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Introduction: Public transportation systems can help people engage in physical activity. This study assesses sociodemographic correlates and trends in the daily time spent walking to and from transit in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.023DOI Listing

Rhode Island Human Papillomavirus Vaccine School Entry Requirement Using Provider-Verified Report.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Introduction: Human papillomavirus vaccine school entry requirements may be an opportunity to improve the low rates of human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescents. This study evaluates changes in provider-verified human papillomavirus vaccine uptake by age 13 years for adolescents in Rhode Island compared with all other states from 2011 to 2017.

Methods: The National Immunization Survey-Teen 2011-2017, a population-based cross-sectional survey, was analyzed in 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.022DOI Listing

Public Health Clinic-Based Hepatitis C Treatment.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Introduction: The availability of safe, effective treatments for hepatitis C virus infection has led to a call for the elimination of hepatitis C, but barriers to care persist.

Methods: In July 2015, the Baltimore City Health Department sexual health clinics began on-site hepatitis C virus treatment. Investigators conducted a retrospective evaluation of the first 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.006DOI Listing

Within-Person Variability in Firearm Carriage Among High-Risk Youth.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

University of Michigan Injury Prevention Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Addiction Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Emergency Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan.

Introduction: Youth who carry firearms-and peers that surround them-are at increased risk for violent injuries. Because firearm carriage behaviors can change over time within an individual, it is important to identify individual and social-contextual determinants that explain this within-person variability in carriage.

Methods: The authors identified individual and social-contextual determinants of firearm carriage in the past 6 months using multilevel logistic models on 5 waves of panel data from the Flint Youth Injury Study (n=597; ages 14-24 years), collected in 2009-2011 and analyzed in 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.005DOI Listing

Lifestyle-Related Factors and Total Mortality in a Mediterranean Prospective Cohort.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; CIBER Pathophysiology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; IDISNA Navarra's Health Research Institute, Pamplona, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: Lifestyle-related habits have a strong influence on morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study investigates the association between a multidimensional healthy lifestyle score and all-cause mortality risk, including in the score some less-studied lifestyle-related factors.

Methods: Participants (n=20,094) of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra cohort were followed up from 1999 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.032DOI Listing

Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul 14;59(1):12-20. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Colombia, South Carolina.

Introduction: Sedentary time is inversely associated with health. Capturing 24 hours of behavior (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.018DOI Listing

Income Segregation and Access to Healthy Food.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Economics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Introduction: Differences in diet quality across socioeconomic groups are a key contributor to health gradient. An agent-based model was developed to explore how income segregation affects food access for poor households under idealized circumstances where the poor have the same knowledge of and preferences for healthy food as the nonpoor.

Methods: The agent-based model featured households with heterogeneous incomes and automobile ownership characteristics on the basis of 2016 U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.009DOI Listing

Primary Care Cluster RCT to Increase Diabetes Prevention Program Referrals.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul 14;59(1):79-87. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky.

Introduction: The Diabetes Prevention Program, an intensive lifestyle change program, effectively reduces the risk of progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes but is underutilized. An implementation study using formative research was undertaken to increase Diabetes Prevention Program referrals at a primary care clinic.

Study Design: A pragmatic, cluster randomized, mixed-methods study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.008DOI Listing

Smoking-Cessation Interventions for U.S. Young Adults: Updated Systematic Review.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul 14;59(1):123-136. Epub 2020 May 14.

Vermont Center on Behavior and Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.

Context: Recent data suggest that the onset of cigarette smoking is now more likely during young adulthood than adolescence. Additionally, the landscape of delivering smoking-cessation interventions has changed in the past decade, with the emergence of mobile phone and web-based approaches. The objective of this study is to update a 2010 systematic review of smoking-cessation interventions for U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.021DOI Listing

Smoking-Cessation Interventions After Lung Cancer Screening Guideline Change.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul 14;59(1):88-97. Epub 2020 May 14.

Center for Health Systems Research, Sutter Health, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Introduction: Recent guideline changes for lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography recommend smoking-cessation interventions be done in parallel with screening. The purpose of this study is to determine the post-guideline rates of smoking-cessation interventions among patients eligible and ineligible for lung cancer screening.

Methods: Using electronic health records collected from a large ambulatory care system in northern California between 2010 and 2017, authors identified new patients who were current smokers aged 55-80 years visiting a primary care provider, and grouped patients into lung cancer screening-eligible heavy smokers, screening-ineligible moderate smokers, and screening-ineligible light smokers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.031DOI Listing

State Policies and Healthcare Use Among Transgender People in the U.S.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Center for Sexuality and Health Disparities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Systems, Populations, and Leadership, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Introduction: The introduction and passing of restrictive and protective transgender-specific state policies have increased during the past decade. These policies are critical for the health of transgender and other gender diverse people; however, little is known about the relationship between these policies and healthcare use, and the role that race/ethnicity plays in this relationship.

Methods: Analysis was conducted in 2018-2019 using multilevel modeling and data from the 2015 U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.030DOI Listing

Impact of Individual and Combined Lifestyle Factors on Mortality in China: A Cohort Study.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cancer Institute, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Although numerous studies have suggested that lifestyle-related factors are associated with chronic diseases and preventable deaths, limited evidence is available for the Chinese population.

Methods: This study established a prospective cohort of >360,000 residents on the basis of the Yinzhou Health Information System in China during 2004-2017 and calculated the combined effects of lifestyle-related factors, including BMI, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity, using a points system. A Cox regression model estimated the combined effects of lifestyle-related factors on total mortality, and a competing risk model estimated the combined effects on cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.029DOI Listing

Patient-Provider Discussions About Out-of-Pocket Costs of Cancer Care in the U.S.

Am J Prev Med 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Surveillance and Health Services Research Program, Department of Intramural Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Despite the importance of cost-related discussions in cancer care, little is known about the prevalence or drivers of these discussions in clinical practice. This study estimates the prevalence and examines the correlates of cancer survivors' discussions about out-of-pocket costs of cancer care with providers.

Methods: The 2016 and 2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Experiences with Cancer Surveys were used to identify 1,550 survivors who responded to the question on discussion about out-of-pocket costs of cancer care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.017DOI Listing