6,366 results match your criteria American journal of preventive medicine[Journal]


The Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Hospitalization in the Veterans Health Administration.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for Population Health IT, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Introduction: This study aims to assess the effect of individual and geographic-level social determinants of health on risk of hospitalization in the Veterans Health Administration primary care clinics known as the Patient Aligned Care Team.

Methods: For a population of Veterans enrolled in the primary care clinics, the study team extracted patient-level characteristics and healthcare utilization records from 2015 Veterans Health Administration electronic health record data. They also collected census data on social determinants of health factors for all U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.012DOI Listing

U.S. National 90-Day Readmissions After Opioid Overdose Discharge.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: U.S. hospital discharges for opioid overdose increased substantially during the past two decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.003DOI Listing

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet Concordance and Incident Heart Failure: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Introduction: In observational studies, the association between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and incident heart failure has been inconsistent. It was hypothesized that higher DASH diet concordance has a protective effect on heart failure in a multi-ethnic cohort.

Methods: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort includes men and women of multiple ethnicities who were aged 45-84 years and free of clinical cardiovascular disease at baseline. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797183244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.022DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and Correlates of Receiving Medical Advice to Increase Physical Activity in U.S. Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2016.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland; U.S. Public Health Service, Rockville, Maryland.

Introduction: National objectives recommend healthcare professionals provide physical activity advice. This study examined health and demographic characteristics associated with receipt of medical advice to increase physical activity among U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.003DOI Listing

Flow Restrictors and Reduction of Accidental Ingestions of Over-the-Counter Medications.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, Colorado; Inflexxion, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts.

Introduction: Flow restrictors are child-resistant packaging innovations designed to limit the amount of liquid dispensed from a medication bottle. In 2011, flow restrictors were added to pediatric liquid single-ingredient acetaminophen formulations. The hypothesis of this study is that implementation would be associated with reduced volume and severity of pediatric acetaminophen exposures reported to the U. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.015DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Accuracy of Self-Reported Height, Weight, and BMI Over Time in Emerging Adults.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Social and Behavioral Sciences Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland.

Introduction: Self-reported height and weight may lead to inaccurate estimates of associations between BMI and health indicators. The purpose of this study is to assess anthropometric misreporting in emerging adults, compare weight classification by self-reported and direct measures, and examine associations of self-reported and direct measures with cardiometabolic biomarkers.

Methods: Self-reported and directly measured height and weight were obtained in five waves of a nationally representative cohort study of U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.004DOI Listing

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Child Weight Status: A Review.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina-Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina.

Context: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a food assistance program that helps Americans afford a healthy diet. However, its influence on children's weight status is unclear. This review examined the evidence of the relationship between SNAP participation and child weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.006DOI Listing

Alignment of Preventive Medicine Physicians' Residency Training With Professional Needs.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Preventive Medicine Residency Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Preventive medicine (PM) physicians promote population-based approaches to health care with training that emphasizes public health, epidemiology, and policy. PM physicians use these skills in varied, often nonclinical, practice settings. PM career diversity challenges educators when designing residency curricula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.012DOI Listing

Smoke-Free Moms: Financial Rewards for Smoking Cessation by Low-Income Rural Pregnant Women.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Introduction: Maternal smoking places the child at risk during pregnancy and postpartum. Most women who quit smoking do so early when they first learn of pregnancy. Few low-income women quit once they enter prenatal care. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.02.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Relationship Between Grip Strength and Prediabetes in a Large-Scale Adult Population.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Nutritional Epidemiology Institute and School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; Health Management Centre, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Prediabetes has been a growing health problem in China, and it is a high-risk state for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In previous studies, low grip strength has been associated with diabetes. However, few population-based studies have examined the relationship between grip strength and prediabetes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.013DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association of State Laws With Influenza Vaccination of Hospital Personnel.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Emerging Infectious and Zoonotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Healthcare personnel influenza vaccination can reduce influenza illness and patient mortality. State laws are one tool promoting healthcare personnel influenza vaccination.

Methods: A 2016 legal assessment in 50 states and Washington DC identified (1) assessment laws: mandating hospitals assess healthcare personnel influenza vaccination status; (2) offer laws: mandating hospitals offer influenza vaccination to healthcare personnel; (3) ensure laws: mandating hospitals require healthcare personnel to demonstrate proof of influenza vaccination; and (4) surgical masking laws: mandating unvaccinated healthcare personnel to wear surgical masks during influenza season. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.011DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mobile Health Applications in Weight Management: A Systematic Literature Review.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Imec-SMIT, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Context: Weight management is an effective strategy for controlling chronic disease and maintaining physical health, and research on this topic has risen dramatically over the past four decades. The present systematic literature review aimed to identify existing evidence on the efficacy of mobile health technology in facilitating weight management behaviors, such as healthy food consumption and physical activity.

Evidence Acquisition: A systematic search was conducted in Ovid MEDLINE and Ovid PsycINFO databases with the aim to identify studies published in peer-reviewed journal articles between 2012 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.005DOI Listing

Including Lifestyle Medicine in Medical Education: Rationale for American College of Preventive Medicine/American Medical Association Resolution 959.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May;56(5):e169-e175

Department of Social Medicine and Health Science Leadership, Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon.

Introduced by the American College of Preventive Medicine and released by the American Medical Association House of Delegates in 2017, Resolution 959 (I-17) supports policies and mechanisms that incentivize and/or provide funding for the inclusion of lifestyle medicine education and social determinants of health in undergraduate, graduate and continuing medical education. Resolution 959 was passed to help address the current healthcare costs of lifestyle-related, noncommunicable chronic diseases that exert a devastating economic burden on the U.S. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797183244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.034DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Time to Follow-up After Colorectal Cancer Screening by Health Insurance Type.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May;56(5):e143-e152

Office of Disease Prevention, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with Medicaid insurance or Medicaid-like coverage would have longer times to follow-up and be less likely to complete colonoscopy compared with patients with commercial insurance within the same healthcare systems.

Methods: A total of 35,009 patients aged 50-64years with a positive fecal immunochemical test were evaluated in Northern and Southern California Kaiser Permanente systems and in a North Texas safety-net system between 2011 and 2012. Kaplan-Meier estimation was used between 2016 and 2017 to calculate the probability of having follow-up colonoscopy by coverage type. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.005DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Household Out-of-Pocket Healthcare Costs.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):698-707. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; Department of Health Policy and Management, University of California, Los Angeles Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California.

Introduction: Adverse childhood experiences are associated with higher risk of common chronic mental and physical illnesses in adulthood, but little evidence exists on whether this influences medical costs or expenses. This study estimated increases in household medical expenses associated with adults' reported adverse childhood experience scores.

Methods: Household out-of-pocket medical cost and adverse childhood experience information was collected in the 2011 and 2013 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and its linked 2014-2015 Panel Study of Income Dynamics Childhood Retrospective Circumstances Study supplement and analyzed in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.019DOI Listing

Trends and Correlates of Youth Violence-Prevention Program Participation, 2002-2016.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):680-688. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Criminal Justice, College of Public Policy, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas.

Introduction: Adolescent participation in violence-prevention programming is critical in addressing the nation's elevated rates of youth fighting and violence. However, little is known about the secular trends and correlates of violence-prevention program participation in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.016DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Mortality Risk Reductions for Replacing Sedentary Time With Physical Activities.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):736-741. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Excess sitting is a risk factor for early mortality. This may be resulting, at least in part, from the displacement of physical activity with sedentary behaviors. The purpose of this observational study was to examine the mortality risk reductions associated with replacing 30minutes/day sitting for an equivalent duration of light or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.006DOI Listing
May 2019
19 Reads

Pathways From Food Insecurity to Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Peri-Urban Men in South Africa.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):765-772. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Introduction: Although poverty is sometimes seen as a driver of intimate partner violence victimization, less is known about how it intersects with men's violence perpetration. Food insecurity is a sensitive marker of poverty that may have unique mechanisms leading to men's intimate partner violence perpetration given its association with gender roles and men "providing for the family."

Methods: Using cluster-based sampling, the team conducted an audio-assisted questionnaire in 2016 among men living in a peri-urban settlement near Johannesburg, South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.013DOI Listing
May 2019
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A Systematic Review of Trials to Improve Child Outcomes Associated With Adverse Childhood Experiences.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):756-764. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Claremont Graduate University,School of Community and Global Health, Claremont, California.

Context: The purpose of this systematic literature review was to summarize current evidence from RCTs for the efficacy of interventions involving pediatric health care to prevent poor outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences measured in childhood (C-ACEs).

Evidence Acquisition: On January 18, 2018, investigators searched PubMed, PsycInfo, SocIndex, Web of Science, Cochrane, and reference lists for English language RCTs involving pediatric health care and published between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2017. Studies were included if they were (1) an RCT, (2) on a pediatric population, and (3) recruited or screened based on exposure to C-ACEs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.030DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Women's Affordability, Access, and Preventive Care After the Affordable Care Act.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):631-638. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: Women historically have had difficulty maintaining health insurance, obtaining preventive care, and affording care. The objectives of this study were to describe changes in insurance affordability, healthcare access, and preventive care for women of different income levels after implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

Methods: This was a difference-in-differences analysis of data about U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.028DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

One Hour a Week: Moving to Prevent Disability in Adults With Lower Extremity Joint Symptoms.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 20;56(5):664-672. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Introduction: Physical activity guidelines recommend minimum thresholds. This study sought to identify evidence-based thresholds to maintain disability-free status over 4years among adults with lower extremity joint symptoms.

Methods: Prospective multisite Osteoarthritis Initiative accelerometer monitoring cohort data from September 2008 through December 2014 were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.017DOI Listing
May 2019
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Impacts of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Provision on Young Adults With Cancer.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 19;56(5):716-726. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri; Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri. Electronic address:

Introduction: Evidence through 2012 suggests that the 2010 Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Provision, extending dependent insurance coverage eligibility to age 26years, increased young adult insurance coverage and decreased cancer diagnosis stage in young adult cancer patients. This study examines Dependent Coverage Provision-associated changes in insurance coverage and diagnosis stage through 2014 in young adult cancer patients.

Methods: Using a quasi-experimental study design, analyses were conducted in 2017-2018 using 2007 to 2014 data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 18 and the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.011DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Menthol Smoking Patterns and Smoking Perceptions Among Youth: Findings From the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr;56(4):e107-e116

Vermont Center on Behavior and Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont; Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Introduction: Youth may be attracted to menthol cigarettes because they are perceived as less harmful and harsh to smoke relative to non-menthol cigarettes. This study examined demographic factors and menthol cigarette smoking patterns as correlates of youth harm perceptions of cigarette smoking and ease of smoking menthol versus non-menthol cigarettes.

Methods: Data were from the Wave 1 (2013-2014) youth sample of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.027DOI Listing

The Association Between E-cigarette Use and Myocardial Infarction Is What One Would Expect Based on the Biological and Clinical Evidence.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr;56(4):627

Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.006DOI Listing

E-cigarette Use and Myocardial Infarction: Association Versus Causal Inference.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr;56(4):626-627

Departments of Social and Behavioral Science and Epidemiology, College of Global Public Health, New York University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.013DOI Listing

Perceived Impact of Incentives for Chronic Disease Prevention.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr;56(4):563-570

Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Introduction: This study evaluates the effect of program and incentive characteristics on satisfaction with incentives and perceived impact of incentives on behavior change among Medicaid beneficiaries who participated in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Chronic Diseases program.

Methods: In 2014-2015, an English- and Spanish-language survey was administered to Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Chronic Diseases program participants about their satisfaction with incentives and perceived impact of incentives. Completed surveys were received from 2,276 eligible sample members (response rate=52. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.029DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
4.527 Impact Factor

Public Health Workforce Development Needs: A National Assessment of Executives' Perspectives.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):e153-e161. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, Arlington, Virginia.

Introduction: Workforce development is one of the ten essential public health services. Recent studies have better characterized individual worker perceptions regarding workforce interests and needs, but gaps remain around workforce needs from program managers' perspectives. This study characterized management perspectives regarding subordinate's abilities and training needs and perceived challenges to recruitment and retention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.032DOI Listing

State-Level Beer Excise Tax and Firearm Homicide in Adolescents and Young Adults.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):708-715. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington; Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Introduction: This study sought to determine the association between changes in state-level beer excise tax and firearm homicide rates among individuals aged 15-34years.

Methods: A time series analysis with synthetic controls was conducted for the years 2003-2015. Exposed states changed the beer excise tax during the study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.009DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Health Insurance Coverage Among U.S. Workers: Differences by Work Arrangements in 2010 and 2015.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):673-679. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address:

Introduction: For most Americans, health insurance is obtained through employers. Health insurance coverage can lead to better health outcomes, yet disparities in coverage exist among workers with different sociodemographic and job characteristics. This study compared uninsured rates among workers with different work arrangements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.010DOI Listing

Regular Sunscreen Use and Risk of Mortality: Long-Term Follow-up of a Skin Cancer Prevention Trial.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):742-746. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Sunscreen is widely used to protect the skin from harmful effects of sun exposure. However, there are concerns that sunscreens may negatively affect overall health. Evidence of the general safety of long-term regular sunscreen use is therefore needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.025DOI Listing

E-cigarette Use Among Young Adults in the U.S.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):655-663. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, Division of Epidemiology, Services, and Prevention Research, Rockville, Maryland.

Introduction: Use of e-cigarettes is increasing among young adults in the U.S. Whether e-cigarette use serves as an aid to smoking reduction or cessation among young adults remains a matter of contention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.004DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Fall Prevention Self-Management Among Older Adults: A Systematic Review.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):747-755. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Context: Adequate self-management could minimize the impact of falls in older adults. The efficacy of fall prevention self-management interventions has been widely studied, yet little is known about why some older adults engage in fall prevention self-management actions and behaviors, whereas others do not. Through a systematic review of fall prevention self-management studies, this study identified characteristics and the personal, social, and environmental factors of older adults who engage in self-management actions and behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.007DOI Listing

Food Security and 10-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among U.S. Adults.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 16;56(5):689-697. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality in the U.S. Although the risk of cardiovascular disease can be mitigated substantially by following a healthy lifestyle, adhering to a healthy diet and other healthy behaviors are limited by reduced food security. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.016DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Non-clinical Prevention Opportunities and Waste in the U.S. Healthcare System.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Center for Health Advancement, University of California, Los Angeles Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.023DOI Listing

U.S. Emergency Department Visits Resulting From Nonmedical Use of Pharmaceuticals, 2016.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 6;56(5):639-647. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Introduction: National data on morbidity from nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals are limited. This study used nationally representative, public health surveillance data to characterize U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.009DOI Listing

A Critical Assessment of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study at 20 Years.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797183235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.016DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Distracted Driving, Visual Inattention, and Crash Risk Among Teenage Drivers.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 21;56(4):494-500. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Social and Behavioral Sciences Branch, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland.

Introduction: Distracted driving resulting from secondary task engagement is a major contributing factor to teenage drivers' crash risk. This study aims to determine the extent to which visual inattention while engaging in distracting secondary tasks contributes to teenage drivers' crash risk.

Methods: Real-world driving data were collected from a cohort of 82 newly licensed teenagers (average age 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.024DOI Listing

Facilitators and Barriers to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Incentive Use: Findings From a Clinic Intervention for Low-Income Patients.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 21;56(4):571-579. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Introduction: Healthy food incentives matching Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits spent on fruits and vegetables subsidize increased produce consumption among low-income individuals at risk for food insecurity and diet-related disease. Yet many eligible participants do not use these incentives, in part because of limited awareness. This study examined the acceptability and impact of a primary care-based informational intervention on facilitators and barriers to use of the statewide SNAP incentive program Double Up Food Bucks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.010DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Colorectal and Breast Cancer Screening Status for People in Ontario Provincial Correctional Facilities.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 21;56(4):487-493. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

ICES, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Primary care represents an opportunity to improve health for people who experience imprisonment, and screening for colorectal and breast cancer indicate primary care quality. The study objectives were to examine the proportion of people released from provincial correctional facilities who were overdue for colorectal or breast cancer screening on admission to the correctional facility and who were still overdue after 3 years, and to compare findings with data for the general population.

Methods: Administrative data were used to identify people eligible for colorectal and breast cancer screening who were released from provincial correctional facilities in 2010 (N=3,803 and N=249, respectively) and in the general population (N=2,757,584 and N=1,099,942, respectively) in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.011DOI Listing

Harnessing the Power of Food Labels for Public Health.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 20;56(4):622-625. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Science in the Public Interest, Washington, District of Columbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.014DOI Listing

The Emerging Identity of the Preventive Medicine Specialty: A Model for the Population Health Transition.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16;56(4):614-621. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Family, Population and Preventive Medicine, Renaissance School of Medicine at Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.031DOI Listing

Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women in the U.S., 2012-2015.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16;56(4):477-486. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Immunization Service Division, Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Pregnant women are at increased risk for severe illness from influenza and influenza-related complications. Vaccinating pregnant women is the primary strategy to protect them and their infants from influenza. This study aims to assess influenza vaccination coverage during three influenza seasons (2012-2015) from a national probability-based sampling survey and evaluate potential factors that influence vaccination uptake among pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.020DOI Listing

Exercise Videogames, Physical Activity, and Health: Wii Heart Fitness: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16;56(4):501-511. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island; Department of Behavioral and Social Science, Brown School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.

Introduction: Adults who engage in regular physical activity have lower rates of morbidity and mortality than those who do not. Exercise videogames may offer an attractive, sustainable alternative or supplement to traditional modes of exercise. This study compared exercise videogames with standard exercise modalities for improving uptake and maintenance of moderate to vigorous physical activity, and health risk indices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.026DOI Listing

Urban-Rural Differences in Older Adult Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Comparative Studies.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16;56(4):603-613. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Urban Health Collaborative, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Context: Depression among older adults (aged 60 years or older) is a problem that could be exacerbated by global trends in urbanization and population aging. The study purpose was to assess whether urban, relative to rural, residence is associated with depression among older adults and whether associations differ in countries with developed versus developing economies.

Evidence Acquisition: In 2017, the authors identified and extracted information from comparative studies of urban-rural depression prevalence among older adults. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797183243
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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