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    Effectiveness of User- and Expert-Driven Web-based Hypertension Programs: an RCT.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 15. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Cardiac eHealth Research Unit, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Introduction: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. Read More

    Developing a Partnership for Change: The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar;54(3):465-474
    Rising obesity rates in the U.S. over the past several decades, particularly among children and adolescents, led to an increased focus on research addressing obesity prevention and public- and private-sector initiatives on healthy eating and physical activity. Read More

    A National Collaborative for Building the Field of Childhood Obesity Research.
    • Authors:
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar;54(3):453-464
    Rising rates of childhood obesity over the past 2 decades have spurred a number of public- and private-sector initiatives aimed at halting or even reversing this trend. Recognizing common interests in this issue, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began conversations about creating a formal collaboration aimed at accelerating efforts to address childhood obesity by coordinating research agendas and providing support for evidence-building activities. The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) was launched in February 2009, and the U. Read More

    Federal Nutrition Program Revisions Impact Low-income Households' Food Purchases.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar;54(3):403-412
    Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
    Introduction: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) required major revisions to food packages in 2009; effects on nationwide low-income household purchases remain unexamined.

    Methods: This study examines associations between WIC revisions and nutritional profiles of packaged food purchases from 2008 to 2014 among 4,537 low-income households with preschoolers in the U.S. Read More

    A Randomized Trial of Weight Change in a National Home Visiting Program.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar;54(3):341-351
    Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri.
    Introduction: Clinical trials have demonstrated significant impact in reducing weight and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the intensity of these trials limits their scalability to real world settings. The purpose of this study was to embed a lifestyle intervention for overweight and obese mothers within the routine practice of a parent education, home visiting organization. Read More

    Effects of Before-School Physical Activity on Obesity Prevention and Wellness.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts; Kraft Center for Community Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined.

    Study Design: This was a nonrandomized trial.

    Setting/participants: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. Read More

    Characterizing Sexual Violence Victimization in Youth: 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Division of Analysis, Research, and Practice Integration, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts.

    Methods: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Read More

    Evaluation of Medicare's Intensive Behavioral Therapy for Obesity: the BieneStar Experience.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Health Informatics, South Alamo Medical Group, San Antonio, Texas.
    Introduction: In 2011, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services began to reimburse primary care providers for intensive behavior therapy for obesity. This study evaluated a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services intensive behavior therapy for obesity program as implemented in primary care clinics.

    Methods: Data for this retrospective cohort study were obtained between May 2012 and February 2015 and statistical analysis was performed in 2017. Read More

    E-cigarettes Associated With Depressed Smoking Cessation: A Cross-sectional Study of 28 European Union Countries.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are often promoted to assist with cigarette smoking cessation. In 2016-2017, the relationship between e-cigarette use and having stopped smoking among ever (current and former) smokers was assessed in the European Union and Great Britain by itself.

    Methods: Cross-sectional logistic regression of the association between being a former smoker and e-cigarette use was applied to the 2014 Eurobarometer survey of 28 European Union countries controlling for demographics. Read More

    HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Program Implementation Using Intervention Mapping.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health, Houston, Texas.
    Introduction: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis has been proven to be an effective tool in HIV prevention. However, numerous barriers still exist in pre-exposure prophylaxis implementation.

    Methods: The framework of Intervention Mapping was used from August 2016 to October 2017 to describe the process of adoption, implementation, and maintenance of an HIV prevention program from 2012 through 2017 in Houston, Texas, that is nested within a county health system HIV clinic. Read More

    Awareness of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in U.S. Young Adults Aged 18-39 Years.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Introduction: Young adults with hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes are at increased risk of developing heart disease later in life. Despite emphasis on early screening, little is known about awareness of these risk factors in young adulthood.

    Methods: Data from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 were analyzed in 2017 to estimate the prevalence of self-reported awareness of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes in U. Read More

    BMI and Central Obesity With Falls Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Indiana University School of Public Health, Bloomington, Indiana.
    Introduction: This study examined the associations of BMI category and central obesity status, with falls among community-dwelling older adults in the U.S.

    Methods: Data were drawn from the 2012 and 2014 U. Read More

    Affordable Care Act Impact on Medicaid Coverage of Smoking-Cessation Treatments.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California.
    Introduction: Four sections of the Affordable Care Act address the expansion of Medicaid coverage for recommended smoking-cessation treatments for: (1) pregnant women (Section 4107), (2) all enrollees through a financial incentive (1% Federal Medical Assistance Percentage increase) to offer comprehensive coverage (Section 4106), (3) all enrollees through Medicaid formulary requirements (Section 2502), and (4) Medicaid expansion enrollees (Section 2001). The purpose of this study is to document changes in Medicaid coverage for smoking-cessation treatments since the passage of the Affordable Care Act and to assess how implementation has differentially affected Medicaid coverage policies for: pregnant women, enrollees in traditional Medicaid, and Medicaid expansion enrollees.

    Methods: From January through June 2017, data were collected and analyzed from 51 Medicaid programs (50 states plus the District of Columbia) through a web-based survey and review of benefits documents to assess coverage policies for smoking-cessation treatments. Read More

    Recent Intimate Partner Violence and Housing Instability Among Women Veterans.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    VA, Center for Health Equity Research & Promotion, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Introduction: Women Veterans are at increased risk of both housing instability and intimate partner violence compared with their non-Veteran counterparts. The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the relationship between women Veterans' experience of intimate partner violence and various indicators of housing instability, and (2) to assess what correlates help to explain experiences of housing instability among women Veterans who experienced past-year intimate partner violence.

    Methods: Data were collected from U. Read More

    Using Behavioral Analytics to Increase Exercise: A Randomized N-of-1 Study.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
    Introduction: This intervention study used mobile technologies to investigate whether those randomized to receive a personalized "activity fingerprint" (i.e., a one-time tailored message about personal predictors of exercise developed from 6 months of observational data) increased their physical activity levels relative to those not receiving the fingerprint. Read More

    Challenges Implementing Lung Cancer Screening in Federally Qualified Health Centers.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Center for Community Health Integration and the Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Cancer Prevention, Control and Population Research, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
    Introduction: The purpose of this study is to identify issues faced by Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in implementing lung cancer screening in low-resource settings.

    Methods: Medical directors of 258 FQHCs serving communities with tobacco use prevalence above the median of all 1,202 FQHCs nationally were sampled to participate in a web-based survey. Data were collected between August and October 2016. Read More

    E-cigarette and Smokeless Tobacco Use and Switching Among Smokers: Findings From the National Adult Tobacco Survey.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Office of Science, Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.
    Introduction: Assessing the extent that cigarette smokers use or switch to e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco can help inform the population health impact of these products. This study estimated the prevalence of e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use and switching among current and recent former adult cigarette smokers.

    Methods: Data from the 2012-2013 (n=8,891) and 2013-2014 (n=11,379) National Adult Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016. Read More

    The Affordability of Providing Sexually Transmitted Disease Services at a Safety-net Clinic.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Miriam Hospital, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Rhode Island Department of Health, Providence, Rhode Island.
    Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases continue to increase in the U.S. There is a growing need for financially viable models to ensure the longevity of safety-net sexually transmitted disease clinics, which provide testing and treatment to high-risk populations. Read More

    Cost of Tobacco-related Cancer Hospitalizations in the U.S., 2014.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Introduction: Smoking has been causally linked to 12 tobacco-related cancers: oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, stomach, colon and rectum, liver, pancreas, larynx, lung, cervix, bladder, kidney, and acute myeloid leukemia. Tobacco-related cancers-related morbidity and mortality have been well described, but little is known about the prevalence of tobacco-related cancer hospitalizations and associated costs. This study estimates the annual number of tobacco-related cancer hospitalizations and their associated direct medical costs in the U. Read More

    Nonfatal Injuries to Law Enforcement Officers: A Rise in Assaults.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan 26. Epub 2018 Jan 26.
    Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia.
    Introduction: Limited studies exist that describe nonfatal work-related injuries to law enforcement officers. The aim of this study is to provide national estimates and trends of nonfatal injuries to law enforcement officers from 2003 through 2014.

    Methods: Nonfatal injuries were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Occupational Supplement. Read More

    The Cost of Interventions to Increase Influenza Vaccination: A Systematic Review.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Feb 18;54(2):299-315. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; Rand Health, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California.
    Context: Influenza vaccination rates remain below Healthy People 2020 goals. This project sought to systematically review economic evaluations of healthcare-based quality improvement interventions for improving influenza vaccination uptake among general populations and healthcare workers.

    Evidence Acquisition: The databases MEDLINE, Econlit, Centre for Reviews & Dissemination, Greylit, and Worldcat were searched in July 2016 for papers published from January 2004 to July 2016. Read More

    Recommendations of the Second Panel on Cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine: A Reference, Not a Rule Book.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia.

    Commuting and Sleep: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sueño Ancillary Study.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):e49-e57. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
    Introduction: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Read More

    Gender Identity Disparities in Cancer Screening Behaviors.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):385-393. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Center for American Progress, Washington, District of Columbia; Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
    Introduction: Transgender (trans) and gender-nonconforming adults have reported reduced access to health care because of discrimination and lack of knowledgeable care. This study aimed to contribute to the nascent cancer prevention literature among trans and gender-nonconforming individuals by ascertaining rates of breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal cancer screening behaviors by gender identity.

    Methods: Publicly available de-identified data from the 2014-2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys were utilized to evaluate rates of cancer screenings by gender identity, while controlling for healthcare access, sociodemographics, and survey year. Read More

    Declining Health-Related Quality of Life in the U.S.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):325-333. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    National Institute on Drug Abuse, Division of Epidemiology, Services, and Prevention Research, Bethesda, Maryland.
    Introduction: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. Read More

    Perceived and Observed Food Environments, Eating Behaviors, and BMI.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):423-429. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Introduction: This study examines relationships between perceived and observed nutrition environments, diet, and BMI, in order to examine the criterion validity of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Perceived (NEMS-P).

    Methods: In a cross-sectional study, perceived nutrition environments were assessed (NEMS-P) among 221 adults from four neighborhoods in the Philadelphia area in 2010 and 2011. A total of 158 food store environments were observed using the NEMS-Stores. Read More

    Violent Crime and Park Use in Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):352-358. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Information Services Group, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California.
    Introduction: Crime and safety are often cited as potential hurdles to park use and park-based physical activity. Using comprehensive data sources including both objective and subjective measurements at the park level and the individual level, this study aimed to assess the association between crime rates and use of local parks in low-income urban neighborhoods.

    Methods: The authors observed 48 parks and conducted local resident surveys in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles during a 2-year study period (2013-2015). Read More

    Behavioral Risk Factors and Regional Variation in Cardiovascular Health Care and Death.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):376-384. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Dartmouth Institute, Hanover, New Hampshire.
    Introduction: Reducing the burden of death from cardiovascular disease includes risk factor reduction and medical interventions.

    Methods: This was an observational analysis at the hospital service area (HSA) level, to examine regional variation and relationships between behavioral risks, health services utilization, and cardiovascular disease mortality (the outcome of interest). HSA-level prevalence of cardiovascular disease behavioral risks (smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity) were calculated from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; HSA-level rates of stress tests, diagnostic cardiac catheterization, and revascularization from a statewide multi-payer claims data set from Maine in 2013 (with 606,260 patients aged ≥35 years), and deaths from state death certificate data. Read More

    Small Incentives Improve Weight Loss in Women From Disadvantaged Backgrounds.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):e41-e47. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
    Introduction: Women from lower-income backgrounds have the highest rates of obesity. Thus, effective programs for this high-risk population are urgently needed. Evidence suggests that adding financial incentives to treatment helps to engage and promote health behavior change in lower-income populations; however, this has never been tested in women for obesity treatment. Read More

    Sugar-Sweetened Beverage and Water Intake in Relation to Diet Quality in U.S. Children.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 12;54(3):394-402. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Nutrition Policy Institute, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Oakland, California.
    Introduction: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to children's added sugar consumption. This study examines whether children's SSB and water intakes are associated with diet quality and total energy intake.

    Methods: Using data on children aged 2-18 years from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, linear regression models were used to analyze SSB and water intake in relation to Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) scores and total energy intake. Read More

    Reconciling Supply and Demand for State and Local Public Health Staff in an Era of Retiring Baby Boomers.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 11;54(3):334-340. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, Arlington, Virginia.
    Introduction: The purpose of this study is to reconcile public health workforce supply and demand data to understand whether the expected influx of public health graduates can meet turnover events.

    Methods: Four large public health workforce data sources were analyzed to establish measures of workforce demand, voluntary separations, and workforce employees likely to retire at state and local health departments. Data were collected in 2014-2016 and analyzed in 2016 and 2017. Read More

    Differential Associations of Adverse Childhood Experience on Maternal Health.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 3;54(3):368-375. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
    Introduction: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy.

    Methods: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30. Read More

    Randomized Trial to Reduce Air Particle Levels in Homes of Smokers and Children.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 2;54(3):359-367. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health (C-BEACH), Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, California.
    Introduction: Exposure to fine particulate matter in the home from sources such as smoking, cooking, and cleaning may put residents, especially children, at risk for detrimental health effects. A randomized clinical trial was conducted from 2011 to 2016 to determine whether real-time feedback in the home plus brief coaching of parents or guardians could reduce fine particle levels in homes with smokers and children.

    Design: A randomized trial with two groups-intervention and control. Read More

    Changes in Sitting Time and Cardiovascular Mortality in Older Adults.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Mar 2;54(3):419-422. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Introduction: Prolonged sitting time has demonstrated consistent associations with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, but most previous studies have analyzed these associations assessing sitting time at one single point and providing scarce evidence on causal links. The main objective of this study was to analyze the association of 2-year changes in sitting time with subsequent long-term cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults.

    Methods: The analyses were conducted with 2,657 individuals with complete data. Read More

    Post-traumatic Stress Disorder by Gender and Veteran Status.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):e1-e9
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Center of Excellence in Substance Abuse and Treatment, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington.
    Introduction: Population-based data on the prevalence, correlates, and treatment utilization of post-traumatic stress disorder by gender and veteran status are limited. With changes in post-traumatic stress disorder diagnostic criteria in 2013, current information from a uniform data source is needed.

    Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III, which consisted of in-person interviews that were conducted with a representative sample of U. Read More

    Vaccination Timeliness at Age 24 Months in Michigan Children Born 2006-2010.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):96-102
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Introduction: Delays in vaccination can stymie the development of herd immunity, and a large proportion of children in the U.S. are known not to receive vaccines on time. Read More

    Associations Between Neighborhood Environment, Health Behaviors, and Mortality.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):87-95
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Considering the joint association of neighborhood socioeconomic environment and individual-level health behaviors with health outcomes may help officials design effective disease prevention strategies. This study evaluates the joint influences of neighborhood socioeconomic environment and individual health behaviors on mortality in a cohort primarily comprising people with low individual-level SES.

    Methods: The prospective Southern Community Cohort Study includes 77,896 white and African American participants recruited in the years 2002-2009; 55% of participants had a household income <$15,000 at baseline interview. Read More

    Social Policy Expenditures and Life Expectancy in High-Income Countries.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):72-79
    Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, King's College London, London, England; Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
    Introduction: The U.S. spends more than any other country on health care, yet Americans have lower life expectancy than people in most industrialized countries. Read More

    Fall Risk Factors in Mid-Age Women: The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):51-63
    School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Global Brain Health Institute, University of California, San Francisco and Trinity College Dublin, San Francisco, California, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:
    Introduction: In contrast to older adults, little is known about risk factors for falls in adults aged 50-64 years, despite a high prevalence of falls in this age group. The aim was to identify risk factors for falls in mid-age women and explore how associations change with age.

    Methods: Data were analyzed in 2016 from women aged 50-55 years in 2001 (born 1946-1951) in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Read More

    Improving Health Screening Uptake in Men: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):133-143
    Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:
    Context: Globally, uptake of health screening in men remains low and the effectiveness of interventions to promote screening uptake in men is not well established. This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of interventions in improving men's uptake of and intention to undergo screening, including interventions using information and communication technology and a male-sensitive approach.

    Evidence Acquisition: Studies were sourced from five electronic databases (October 2015), experts, and references of included studies. Read More

    Reducing Preventable Hospitalization and Disparity: Association With Local Health Department Mental Health Promotion Activities.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1):103-112
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
    Introduction: Serving as the center of community-engaged health programs, local health departments can play a critical role in promoting community mental health. The objectives of this study were to explore the association between local health department activities and (1) preventable hospitalizations for individuals with mental disorders, and (2) associated racial disparities in preventable hospitalizations.

    Method: Employing the linked data sets of the 2012-2013 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project state inpatient discharge file of the State of Maryland, the National Association of County and City Health Officials Profiles Survey, the Area Resource File, and U. Read More

    U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Priorities for Prevention Research.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan;54(1S1):S95-S103
    Center for Evidence and Practice Improvement, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland.
    The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) makes recommendations about clinical preventive services. Read More

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