332,850 results match your criteria American journal of men's health[Journal]


The content validity of the ANMS GCSI-DD in patients with idiopathic or diabetic gastroparesis.

J Patient Rep Outcomes 2018 Dec 13;2(1):61. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Temple University Hospital, 3401 N Broad Street, #1003, Philadelphia, PA, 19140, USA.

Background: The American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index-Daily Diary (ANMS GCSI-DD) was developed to meet Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommendations for patient-reported outcome (PRO) endpoints in gastroparesis studies, including therapeutic trials. The current version of the ANMS GCSI-DD contains five items pertaining to nausea, early satiety, post-prandial fullness, upper abdominal pain, and vomiting. The specific aims of this study were to determine if the appropriate symptoms are included in the ANMS GCSI-DD and to assess the content validity in patients with idiopathic (IG) and diabetic gastroparesis (DG). Read More

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December 2018

The Interaction of Race and Gender as a Significant Driver of Racial Arrest Disparities for African American Men.

J Urban Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

San Diego School of Medicine, Center on Gender Equity and Health, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

The mass incarceration of African Americans is both a driver of racial health inequalities in the USA. Systemic social biases which associate African American men with criminality, violence, and as a particular threat to white women may partially explain their over-representation in the criminal justice system. We combined data from the Washington, DC Metro Police Department (MPD) and the American Community Survey to test whether neighborhood-level gender, race, and economic makeup were associated with elevated drug-related arrest disproportions for African American men. Read More

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December 2018

Functional significance of channelopathy gene variants in unexplained death.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Pediatrics, NYU School of Medicine, 450 E 29th Street, ACLS 824, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Determining the cause of unexplained death in all age groups, including infants, is a priority in forensic medicine. The triple risk model proposed for sudden infant death syndrome involves the intersection of three risks: (1) a critical developmental period in homeostatic control (2), exogenous stressors, and (3) a vulnerable infant. Even though sex and age factor into some forms of inherited arrhythmogenic deaths in young individuals and adults, more appropriate a dual-risk disease model for adults involves exogenous stressors and a vulnerable individual. Read More

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December 2018

Undiagnosed cardiac deficits in non-small cell carcinoma patients in the candidate population for anti-cachexia clinical trials.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Oncology, Division of Palliative Care Medicine, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1Z2, Canada.

Purpose: Currently, there is no approved therapy for cancer cachexia. According to European and American regulatory agencies, physical function improvements would be approvable co-primary endpoints of new anti-cachexia medications. As physical functioning is in part dependent on cardiac functioning, we aimed to explore the cardiac status of a group of patients meeting current criteria for inclusion in cachexia clinical trials. Read More

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December 2018

Enabling Conversations: African American Patients' Changing Perceptions of Kidney Transplantation.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY, 14215, USA.

Background: Racial disparities in access to kidney transplantation (KTX) among African Americans (AAs) have been attributed in part to insufficient patient education. Interventions are needed to provide AAs with culturally sensitive, understandable information that increases their capacity to pursue KTX. Research about the factors that activated patients to pursue KTX is necessary to inform such interventions; however, few studies have yielded this type of information. Read More

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December 2018

Length of Residence and Cardiovascular Health among Afro-Caribbean Immigrants in New York City.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, West Virginia University School of Public Health, 64 Medical Center Drive, P.O. Box 9190, Morgantown, WV, 26506-9190, USA.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) disproportionately affects non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) in the United States (U.S.). Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of geophagy and knowledge about its health effects among native Sub-Saharan Africa, Caribbean and South America healthy adults living in France.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Service de Médecine Interne et des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Reims, 51092, Reims, France.

Geophagy is widespread among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, South America and the Caribbean and may persist in western countries. This practice may be associated with adverse effects such as anaemia, constipation or intestinal occlusion. We aimed to determine the prevalence of geophagy and the level of knowledge about its health effects among healthy adults originating from these countries and attending a travel medicine and international vaccination consultation in France. Read More

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December 2018

Robotic versus freehand S2 alar iliac fixation: in-depth technical considerations.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):638-644

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Norton Leatherman Spine Center, Louisville, KY, USA.

Achieving fixation and fusion across the lumbosacral junction has been a challenge for spinal deformity surgeons ever since the development of instrumentation. The S2 alar-iliac (S2AI) trajectory has been introduced as a method of pelvic fixation to decrease strain on S1 screws. The S2AI screws differ in several ways from traditional iliac screws. Read More

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September 2018

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an independent predictor for 30-day readmissions following 1- to 2-level posterior lumbar fusions.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):553-559

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Past literature has demonstrated that patients with COPD are at an increased risk of post-operative complications. We assessed the impact of COPD on 30-day outcomes following a 1- to 2-level posterior lumbar fusion (PLF). Read More

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September 2018

Stroke in the Arab World: A bibliometric analysis of research activity (2002-2016).

eNeurologicalSci 2018 Dec 22;13:40-45. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Neurology, Henri-Mondor Hospital, UPEC, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Creteil, France.

Background: The Arab world has an increasing prevalence of strokes, a leading cause of death in this part of the world.

Aims: The aim of this article is to quantify the stroke research activity in the Arab countries over the past 15 years taking into consideration the population, GDP, and DALY of each country.

Methods: A PubMed search was conducted to find stroke research articles published from the Arab countries between 2002 and 2016 (inclusive). Read More

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December 2018

A data article on E-supply chain benefits from supplier׳s perspective.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 23;21:2441-2446. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Institute of Public Administration, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

This data article provides numeric values about one of the most important sectors in Dubai, Dubai Central Fruit and Vegetable Market (DCM), which attracted world attention through its solid infrastructure and outstanding business environment. The dataset has been collected using a questionnaire obtained from the operational managers in the selected market, and several ethical considerations during the data collection process have been applied to assure the quality and credibility of the obtained data. A structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied using IBM SPSS AMOS. Read More

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December 2018

Data on post-partum evaluation of women with abnormal cervical cytology in pregnancy.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 22;21:2405-2409. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Gynecological Oncology Unit, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico - National Cancer Institute, Via F. Gallini 2, Aviano, Italy.

During pregnancy, the only diagnosis that may alter management is invasive cancer. Thus, the primary aim of the cytological screening and subsequent colposcopy performed during pregnancy should be the exclusion of invasive cancer, "Practice Bulletin No. 140: management of abnormal cervical cancer screening test results and cervical cancer precursors," (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2013) [1]. Read More

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December 2018

Treatment outcome differences between pass and fail scores and correlation between cephalometric changes and cast-radiograph evaluation of the American Board of Orthodontics.

J Orthod Sci 2018 15;7:22. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: Using the cast-radiograph evaluation (CRE) score of the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO), the purpose of this study was 1) to find the post-treatment discrepancies that contributed to low-quality outcomes and 2) to identify if there might be any correlation between cephalometric changes and post-treatment discrepancies.

Materials And Methods: About 200 records submitted for the Thai Board of Orthodontics examination were analyzed. Overall, 23 parameters of the CRE scores and 12 cephalometric changes were collected. Read More

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November 2018

Higher hemoglobin A1C and atherogenic lipoprotein profiles in children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

J Clin Transl Endocrinol 2019 Mar 30;15:30-34. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Pediatrics/Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Children's of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham, CPPII M30, 1601 4th Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35233, United States.

Aim: Significant knowledge gaps exist regarding lipoprotein profiles in children with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The primary objective was to analyze the type and nature of lipoprotein abnormalities present in children with T2DM and to identify determinants of adverse lipoprotein profiles. The secondary objective was to assess associations with elevated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), i. Read More

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Optimal Scene Time to Achieve Favorable Outcomes in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest: How Long Is Too Long?

Cureus 2018 Oct 9;10(10):e3434. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Internal Medicine, Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center, New York, USA.

Background Despite advances in resuscitation science and public health, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) cases have an average survival rate of only 12% nationwide, compared to 24.8% of cases occurring in hospital. Many factors, including resuscitation interventions, contribute to positive patient outcomes and have, therefore, been studied in attempts to optimize emergency medical services (EMS) protocols to achieve higher rates of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the field. Read More

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October 2018

Costs associated with management of non-communicable diseases in the Arab Region: a scoping review.

J Glob Health 2018 Dec;8(2):020410

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Global mortality rates resulting from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are reaching alarming levels, especially in low- and middle-income countries, imposing a considerable burden on individuals and health systems as a whole. This scoping review aims at synthesizing the existing literature evaluating the cost associated with the management and treatment of major NCDs across all Arab countries; at evaluating the quality of these studies; and at identifying the gap in existing literature.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted using Medline electronic database to retrieve articles evaluating costs associated with management of NCDs in Arab countries, published in English between January 2000 and April 2016. Read More

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December 2018

Highlights from the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia Implications for Brazil.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Oct-Dec;12(4):329-336

University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.

In October of 2016, an interdisciplinary group representing North and South American and European countries met in Glasgow, Scotland, to scrutinize universal issues regarding adults with intellectual disability (ID) affected by dementia and to produce recommendations and guidelines for public policy, practice, and further research. The aim of this paper is to apprise relevant outcomes of the Summit targeting Brazilian researchers, clinicians, and nongovernmental organizations in the field of ageing and dementia that are committed to developing the Brazilian national dementia plan. Three core themes were covered by the Summit: i) human rights and personal resources, ii) personalized services and caregiver support, and iii) advocacy and public impact. Read More

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Racial disparities in the survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between Chinese patients and patients of other racial groups: A population-based study from 2004 to 2013.

Oncol Lett 2018 Dec 5;16(6):7102-7116. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the racial disparities in the presentation, treatment and survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) between Chinese and other racial groups from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between January 1st 2004, and December 31st 2013. Key covariates, including clinical presentation, treatment and survival time, were recorded and compared, demonstrating the racial differences. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression models were performed to identify these disparities in survival time. Read More

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December 2018

Gene Regulatory Network Modeling of Macrophage Differentiation Corroborates the Continuum Hypothesis of Polarization States.

Front Physiol 2018 27;9:1659. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute for Applied Computing, National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy.

Macrophages derived from monocyte precursors undergo specific polarization processes which are influenced by the local tissue environment: classically activated (M1) macrophages, with a pro-inflammatory activity and a role of effector cells in Th1 cellular immune responses, and alternatively activated (M2) macrophages, with anti-inflammatory functions and involved in immunosuppression and tissue repair. At least three different subsets of M2 macrophages, namely, M2a, M2b, and M2c, are characterized in the literature based on their eliciting signals. The activation and polarization of macrophages is achieved through many, often intertwined, signaling pathways. Read More

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November 2018

Kazin's Trilling: A Cold War Portrait.

Authors:
Richard M Cook

Society 2018 5;55(6):506-511. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

College of Arts and Sciences, Department of English, University of Missouri-St. Louis, 461 Lucas Hall, 1 University Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63121-4400 USA.

This essay describes the eminent Americanist, critic, and New York intellectual, Alfred Kazin's creation of a Lionel Trilling "character" in his 1978 autobiography, , and his use of that character to critique significant features of the country's Cold War literary culture. Among these are: the narrowing and hardening of intellectual discourse in a cultural-political climate dominated by the "liberal consensus," the discrediting of the progressive impulse in American writing, the subordination of "class" to "culture" in evaluations of American writers, and the changing status of Jews and Jewish writers in post-war America. Tapping into strong personal feelings, Kazin creates in Trilling a harsh, thoughtful and compelling portrait of an era. Read More

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November 2018

Age-Dependent Protection of Insulin Secretion in Diet Induced Obese Mice.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 13;8(1):17814. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, University of Wisconsin-Madison, and the William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI, USA.

Type 2 diabetes is an age-and-obesity associated disease driven by impairments in glucose homeostasis that ultimately result in defective insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. To deconvolve the effects of age and obesity in an experimental model of prediabetes, we fed young and aged mice either chow or a short-term high-fat/high-sucrose Western diet (WD) and examined how weight, glucose tolerance, and β-cell function were affected. Although WD induced a similar degree of weight gain in young and aged mice, a high degree of heterogeneity was found exclusively in aged mice. Read More

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December 2018

Pulmonary hypertension in chronic lung disease and hypoxia.

Eur Respir J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Giessen and Marburg Lung Center (UGMLC), Justus-Liebig University Giessen and Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Giessen, Germany.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) frequently complicates the course of patients with various forms of chronic lung disease (CLD). CLD-associated PH (CLD-PH) is invariably associated with reduced functional ability, impaired quality of life, greater oxygen requirements and an increased risk of mortality. The aetiology of CLD-PH is complex and multifactorial, with differences in the pathogenic sequelae between the diverse forms of CLD. Read More

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December 2018

Prices and cross-border cigarette purchases in the EU: evidence from demand modelling.

Authors:
Michal Stoklosa

Tob Control 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Economic and Health Policy Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta GA 30303, USA.

Background: Previous studies of cross-border cigarette purchases in the European Union (EU) relied on survey-reported data. Results of those studies might be affected by under-reporting of tax avoidance in those surveys. This study aims to shed light on the effects of cigarette price differences between EU Member States on cross-border cigarette purchases using a method that is free from potential reporting bias. Read More

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December 2018

Multiproxy evidence highlights a complex evolutionary legacy of maize in South America.

Science 2018 Dec;362(6420):1309-1313

Department of Life Science, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.

Domesticated maize evolved from wild teosinte under human influences in Mexico beginning around 9000 years before the present (yr B.P.), traversed Central America by ~7500 yr B. Read More

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December 2018

Shoulder arthroplasty after prior anterior stabilization procedures: do reverses have better outcomes?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Few studies have focused on shoulder arthroplasty after anterior stabilization procedures. This study compares the outcomes of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) after anterior stabilization surgical procedures.

Methods: All primary shoulder arthroplasties from 2000 to 2014 with prior surgery were retrospectively reviewed from a prospective research database. Read More

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December 2018

Gender Differences in the Quality of EMS Care Nationwide for Chest Pain and Out-of- Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Womens Health Issues 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Electronic address:

Background: We sought to determine whether gender disparities exist in the prehospital management of chest pain (CP) or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) among patients who accessed the emergency medical services (EMS) system.

Methods: We obtained 2010-2013 data from the National Emergency Medical Services Information System and identified all EMS activations for CP or OHCA by adults 40 years of age or older. We selected American Heart Association medications and procedures to manage cardiovascular events. Read More

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November 2018

Subacromial Spacer Implantation for the Treatment of Massive Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears: A Systematic Review.

Arthroscopy 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedics, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To synthesize and report the early clinical and radiographic outcomes associated with subacromial spacer use in patients with massive irreparable rotator cuff tears.

Methods: A systematic search on MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases was performed during February 2018. Included studies were evaluated regarding the level of evidence and quality using the methodological index for nonrandomized studies. Read More

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December 2018

Associations of greenness with diabetes mellitus and glucose-homeostasis markers: The 33 Communities Chinese Health Study.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health Risk Assessment, Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Environmental and Health Risk Assessment, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China. Electronic address:

Background: Residing in greener places may be protective against diabetes mellitus (DM) but evidence is scarce and comes mainly from developed countries.

Objectives: To investigate associations of residential greenness with DM prevalence and glucose-homeostasis markers in Chinese adults and whether these associations were mediated by air pollution, physical activity, and body mass index.

Methods: In 2009, a total of 15,477 adults from the cross-sectional 33 Communities Chinese Health Study provided blood samples and completed a questionnaire. Read More

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December 2018

Sex differences in the association of psychosocial resources with prevalent type 2 diabetes among African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study.

J Diabetes Complications 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Aim: To examine the association of psychosocial resources with prevalent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in 5104 African American men and women.

Methods: Using data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS), we evaluated the cross-sectional associations of four psychosocial resources (social support, optimism, religiosity, and social networks) with T2D [fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL, or HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, or use of diabetic medication]. Read More

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November 2018

Annual review of selected scientific literature: A report of the Committee on Scientific Investigation of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry.

J Prosthet Dent 2018 Dec;120(6):816-878

Private practice oral and maxillofacial surgery, Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany.

Problem: There are countless numbers of scientific studies published in countless scientific journals on subjects related to restorative dentistry.

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review pertinent scientific studies published in 2017 on topics of interest to restorative dentists.

Methods And Materials: The authors, considered to be experts in their disciplines searched the scientific literature in 7 different areas (prosthodontics, periodontics, dental materials, occlusion and temporomandibular disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery and dental caries). Read More

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December 2018

Public knowledge of emergency medicine in Beirut, Lebanon.

BMC Emerg Med 2018 Dec 13;18(1):55. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Research Institute, Residency Research Program, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Introduction: To examine the public's level of knowledge and expectations of Emergency Medicine (EM) in Beirut, Lebanon.

Methods: A nested cross-sectional study was conducted exploring participants' knowledge and expectations of EM; the skillset, role and scope of practice of the emergency physician, and the dynamics of the Emergency Department (ED).

Results: A majority understand EM physicians perform minor procedures (83%), have specialized training (79%) and that they should be treated by a specialized EM physician (74%). Read More

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December 2018

Flightless birds are not neuroanatomical analogs of non-avian dinosaurs.

BMC Evol Biol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):190. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, 10024, USA.

Background: In comparative neurobiology, major transitions in behavior are thought to be associated with proportional size changes in brain regions. Bird-line theropod dinosaurs underwent a drastic locomotory shift from terrestrial to volant forms, accompanied by a suite of well-documented postcranial adaptations. To elucidate the potential impact of this locomotor shift on neuroanatomy, we first tested for a correlation between loss of flight in extant birds and whether the brain morphology of these birds resembles that of their flightless, non-avian dinosaurian ancestors. Read More

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December 2018

The patient-psychologist relationship and informed consent in neuropsychological evaluations.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 14:1-28. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Independent Practice , Beaverton , OR , USA.

Objective: To discuss specific issues regarding consent for neuropsychological evaluation and the patient-psychologist relationship within the context of the Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association and relevant literature.

Method: The author makes recommendations based on the Ethics Code and published sources. This article is advisory and does not prescribe ethical practice. Read More

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December 2018

Performance of PRECISE-DAPT Score for Predicting Bleeding Complication During Dual Antiplatelet Therapy.

Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec;11(12):e006837

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea (S.-C.Y.).

Background: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) helps prevent ischemic events after coronary stenting but comes with an increased risk of bleeding. Several risk scores have been proposed for the management of patients receiving DAPT, but no standardized tool exists for the purpose. We sought to compare the performance of the new PRECISE-DAPT (Predicting Bleeding Complication in Patients Undergoing Stent Implantation and Subsequent Dual Antiplatelet Therapy), CRUSADE (Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes with Early Implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines), and ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy) scores for the prediction of bleeding in Korean patients receiving DAPT. Read More

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December 2018

The Constituent Year Effect: Relative Age Disparities in Australian Masters Track and Field Athletic Participation.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Dec 8;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N 6N5, Canada.

The constituent year effect, a source of relative age disparities, in masters sport has been demonstrated mainly amongst North American samples. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine whether a participation-related constituent year effect exists among athletes ( = 6492) competing in Australian Masters Athletics competitions between 2000 and 2014. The results indicated that a participation-related constituent year effect was observed as the likelihood of participating was significantly higher for masters athletes in their first and second constituent year of any five-year age category ( < 0. Read More

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December 2018

Stimulating Respiratory Activity Primes Anaerobically Grown for Subsequent Intracellular Infections.

Pathogens 2018 Dec 8;7(4). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Biology, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469, USA.

is a Gram-positive, enteric pathogen and the causative agent of listeriosis. During transition through the gastrointestinal tract, routinely encounters suboxic conditions. However, how the exposure to the low oxygen environment affects subsequent pathogenesis is not completely understood. Read More

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December 2018

Mitochondrial Membrane Dynamics-Functional Positioning of OPA1.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2018 Dec 8;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

The maintenance of mitochondrial energetics requires the proper regulation of mitochondrial morphology, and vice versa. Mitochondrial dynamins control mitochondrial morphology by mediating fission and fusion. One of them, optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), is the mitochondrial inner membrane remodeling protein. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the Potential of Collagen from Codfish Skin as a Biomaterial for Biomedical Applications.

Mar Drugs 2018 Dec 8;16(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

3B's Research Group, I3Bs⁻Research Institute on Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, University of Minho, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Avepark⁻Parque de Ciência e Tecnologia, Zona Industrial da Gandra, 4805-017 Barco, Guimarães, Portugal.

Collagen is one of the most widely used biomaterials, not only due its biocompatibility, biodegradability and weak antigenic potential, but also due to its role in the structure and function of tissues. Searching for alternative collagen sources, the aim of this study was to extract collagen from the skin of codfish, previously obtained as a by-product of fish industrial plants, and characterize it regarding its use as a biomaterial for biomedical application, according to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Guidelines. Collagen type I with a high degree of purity was obtained through acid-extraction, as confirmed by colorimetric assays, SDS-PAGE and amino acid composition. Read More

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December 2018

An Evolutionary Insight into Zika Virus Strains Isolated in the Latin American Region.

Viruses 2018 Dec 8;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Centro de Investigaciones Nucleares, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Iguá 4225, Montevideo 11400, Uruguay.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging pathogen member of the family. ZIKV has spread rapidly in the Latin American region, causing hundreds of thousands of cases of ZIKV disease, as well as microcephaly in congenital infections. Detailed studies on the pattern of evolution of ZIKV strains have been extremely important to our understanding of viral survival, fitness, and evasion of the host's immune system. Read More

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December 2018

Rediscovery of Red Wolf Ghost Alleles in a Canid Population Along the American Gulf Coast.

Genes (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;9(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.

Rediscovering species once thought to be extinct or on the edge of extinction is rare. Red wolves have been extinct along the American Gulf Coast since 1980, with their last populations found in coastal Louisiana and Texas. We report the rediscovery of red wolf ghost alleles in a canid population on Galveston Island, Texas. Read More

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December 2018

Recent Development of Flexible and Stretchable Antennas for Bio-Integrated Electronics.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

Wireless technology plays an important role in data communication and power transmission, which has greatly boosted the development of flexible and stretchable electronics for biomedical applications and beyond. As a key component in wireless technology, flexible and stretchable antennas need to be flexible and stretchable, enabled by the efforts with new materials or novel integration approaches with structural designs. Besides replacing the conventional rigid substrates with textile or elastomeric ones, flexible and stretchable conductive materials also need to be used for the radiation parts, including conductive textiles, liquid metals, elastomeric composites embedding conductive fillers, and stretchable structures from conventional metals. Read More

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December 2018

10-HDA, A Major Fatty Acid of Royal Jelly, Exhibits pH Dependent Growth-Inhibitory Activity Against Different Strains of .

Molecules 2018 Dec 7;23(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 38 Bratislava, Slovakia.

() is a bacterial pathogen causing American foulbrood (AFB), the most serious disease of honeybee larvae. The food of young larvae could play an important role in the resistance of larvae against AFB. It contains antibacterial substances produced by honeybees that may inhibit the propagation of the pathogen in larval midguts. Read More

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December 2018

The use of ETView endotracheal tube for surveillance after tube positioning in patients undergoing lobectomy, randomized trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13170

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine.

The ETView tracheoscopic ventilation tube (TVT) is a tracheal tube (TT) incorporating a video camera and a light source in its tip. The view from the tip appears continuously on a portable monitor in the anesthesia area. We evaluated the effectiveness and usefulness of the single/double ETView TVT in monitoring the tracheal tube position during general anesthesia undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy. Read More

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December 2018

Machine learning modeling for predicting hospital readmission following lumbar laminectomy.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Dec 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

OBJECTIVEHospital readmission contributes substantial costs to the healthcare system. The purpose of this investigation was to create a predictive machine learning model to identify lumbar laminectomy patients at risk for postoperative hospital readmission.METHODSPatients who had undergone a lumbar laminectomy procedure in the period from 2011 to 2014 were isolated from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. Read More

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December 2018

The 2018 AANS Presidential Address. The privilege of service.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec;129(6):1377-1383

The theme of the 2018 American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting was "The Privilege of Service." In the current climate of rapid change in healthcare delivery and increasing pressure on physicians, this theme was chosen to remind us of our true priorities and of the amazing opportunities that we have as neurosurgeons. In parallel to the classic triple-threat practitioner who excels in teaching, research, and clinical care, future neurosurgeons will need to acquire mastery in three areas of service, which have been summarized as the three A's: administration, advocacy, and altruism. Read More

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December 2018

GRIN2A-related disorders: genotype and functional consequence predict phenotype.

Brain 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Human Genetics, University of Leipzig Hospitals and Clinics, Leipzig, Germany.

Alterations of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) subunit GluN2A, encoded by GRIN2A, have been associated with a spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent speech-related features, and epilepsy. We performed a comprehensive assessment of phenotypes with a standardized questionnaire in 92 previously unreported individuals with GRIN2A-related disorders. Applying the criteria of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics to all published variants yielded 156 additional cases with pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in GRIN2A, resulting in a total of 248 individuals. Read More

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December 2018

Racial-Ethnic Differences in Osteoarthritis Pain and Disability: A Meta-Analysis.

J Pain 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Pain Research and Intervention Center of Excellence, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Osteoarthritis (OA), a leading cause of disability and pain, affects 32.5 million Americans, producing tremendous economic burden. While some findings suggest that racial/ethnic minorities experience increased OA pain severity, other studies have shown conflicting results. Read More

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December 2018

Factors associated with suspected nonmelanoma skin cancers, dysplastic nevus, and cutaneous melanoma among first-time SPOTme screening program participants (2009-2010).

J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

Background: There have been no studies of the American Academy of Dermatology's SPOTme skin cancer screening program that have collectively analyzed the factors associated with suspected diagnoses of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), dysplastic nevus (DN), and cutaneous melanoma (CM).

Objective: Describe the demographics, risk factors, and access to care profile associated with suspected diagnoses of BCC, SCC, DN, and CM among first-time SPOTme screenees from 2009 to 2010.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from SPOTme skin cancer screenings conducted in 2009 and 2010. Read More

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December 2018

Haploidentical related donor allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patient aged older than 76 years with refractory acute myeloid leukemia.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Bone Marrow Transplantation Program and Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

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December 2018

Taurine deficiency and dilated cardiomyopathy in golden retrievers fed commercial diets.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0209112. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine & Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.

Introduction: Golden retrievers are over-represented in cases of taurine-deficient dilated cardiomyopathy and recently a surge in cases has prompted further investigation.

Objective: To describe the clinical, dietary, and echocardiographic features in golden retrievers diagnosed with taurine deficiency and dilated cardiomyopathy, and to determine specific dietary associations. A second aim was to determine the whole blood taurine concentrations in a representative sample of healthy golden retrievers. Read More

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December 2018