13 results match your criteria American journal of medical case reports[Journal]

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A Rare Case of HIV-Induced Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy.

Am J Med Case Rep 2019 21;7(1):5-8. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Avenue Brooklyn, NY 11203 (718) 270-2030.

Background: Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) is an uncommon form of neuropathy in HIV-infected patients that can cause pain, sensory disturbance, and motor weakness.

Case Presentation: A 23-year-old African American male with past medical history of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS), Lyme disease, and sexually transmitted infections including syphilis and chlamydia presented with acute back pain radiating to bilateral lower extremities with worsening right foot weakness for four days. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies including meningoencephalitis panel were negative as well as blood tests for Lyme disease and HIV antibody testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-7-1-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424340PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Psoas Abscess with Septic Arthritis of the Hip in a Patient with Chronic Back Pain.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 10;6(11):224-225. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, United States-11203.

Psoas abscess is a rare clinical entity that requires early diagnosis and timely intervention to avoid serious complications of the disease. We report a case of psoas abscess that presented initially as low back pain then complicated with septic arthritis. We discuss the clinical diagnosis, intervention and follow up of the case along with review of the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-11-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368174PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Post-partum Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Case Report.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 7;6(10):218-221. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare illness often misdiagnosed, that accounts for up to 4% of cases of acute coronary syndrome in young women. Interestingly, SCAD is the most common cause of myocardial infarction related to pregnancy. Here, we present a case of a 35-year old postpartum patient who presented in cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation and was found to have a ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Read More

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http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmcr/6/10/6/index.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-10-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322694PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

The Utility of Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Brachytherapy in Liver Metastasis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 14;6(9):189-192. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203.

Endoscopic ultrasound guided brachytherapy (EGBT) has been reported to be useful in certain malignancies including esophageal and pancreatic cancers. Percutaneous or surgical placement of radioactive seeds into the liver secondaries (brachytherapy) has been done successfully, however, the utility of EGBT in liver metastasis remains largely unclear. In this case report, we demonstrate the safety, efficacy and feasibility of EUS guided brachytherapy (EGBT) in liver metastasis secondary to leiomyosarcoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282805PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Mimicking Myocardial Infarction in a Man with Myasthenic Crisis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 11;6(9):184-188. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, N.Y, U.S.A-11203.

Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy is a syndrome characterized by transient and reversible regional myocardial dysfunction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease classically resulting in ventricular apical ballooning. It has a strong female predominance with onset generally in seventh decade of life, with hypothesized pathophysiology related to excess of catecholaminergic stimulation, particularly during episodes of physical or emotional stress. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has been previously reported during myasthenic crisis, the acute deterioration of myasthenia gravis typically involving respiratory failure that is also associated with physical or emotional stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282804PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Cardiac Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 ;6(9):180-183

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center/Health + Hospitals Kings County Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.

Background: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with a wide range of clinical features and variable clinical course. SLE tends to affect women during childbearing years and is characterized by multi-organ involvement. Cardiac complications in SLE, which have been described to occur in about 50% of the cases, contributes to significant morbidity and mortality in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286042PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Brugada Pattern in Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Case Report and Scoping Study.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 7;6(9):173-179. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease and Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203.

Brugada syndrome is a rare cardiac arrhythmia which is associated with right bundle branch block pattern (RBBB) and ST-segment elevation in right precordial leads. SCNA5 mutation is the most common genetic abnormality associated with Brugada syndrome. Brugada pattern not related to genetic mutations has been previously reported in the setting of fever, metabolic conditions, lithium use, marijuana and cocaine abuse, ischemia and pulmonary embolism, myocardial and pericardial diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282764PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Marijuana Induced Myocarditis: A New Entity of Toxic Myocarditis.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 26;6(9):169-172. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203.

Marijuana is the most common drug of abuse in the United States. Marijuana has more than 460 active chemical compounds including δ-9- tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It acts via the CB1 and CB2 receptors that are distributed in various tissues in the body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282767PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Recurrent STEMI Precipitated by Marijuana Use: Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 ;6(8):163-168

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, N.Y, U.S.A-11203.

Marijuana abuse is rapidly growing and currently it is the most coimnon drug of abuse in the United States due to increased legalization for recreational and medicinal use. Delta 9-tetrahydrocannibol, the main psychoactive compound in marijuana, acts via the endocannabinoid system to elicit various cardiovascular physiological effects, and has been associated with many adverse cardiovascular effects such as acute coronary syndrome, arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death that have previously been reported by our group and others. We present a case of a 30-year-old African-American male with no cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors with recurrent ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI) whose coronary angiography revealed recurrent 100% occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in the setting of marijuana smoking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-8-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173205PMC
January 2018
5 Reads

A Rare Case of Second Degree Mobitz Type II AV Block Associated with Cocaine Use.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 21;6(7):146-148. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203.

Cocaine is a commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. The complex effects of cocaine on the conduction system of the human heart has not been completely understood. Cocaine acts as a sympathomimetic by inhibition of reuptake of neuronal catecholamines, leading mostly to tachyarrhythmias on presentation. Read More

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http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmcr/6/7/7/index.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-7-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173318PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Marijuana Induced Type I Brugada Pattern: A Case Report.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 7;6(7):134-136. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, N.Y, U.S.A 11203.

Marijuana is the most common drug of abuse in the United States. Marijuana acts on cannabinoid receptors CB1, CB2 and another distinct endothelial receptor. Marijuana is known to cause tachycardia, hypotension and hypertension. Read More

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http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmcr/6/7/4/index.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-7-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173320PMC
August 2018
22 Reads

Rapid Progression of Heart Failure in a Patient with Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 23;6(8):157-160. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Divisions of Cardiovascular Disease and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203.

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) is a rare autoimmune myopathy that includes polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis and autoimmune necrotizing myositis. Cardiac involvement was considered a rare occurrence in IIM however, recent reports suggests that cardiac involvement is a common feature and portends poor prognosis as it is usually encountered in advanced disease. IIM leads to myocarditis with subsequent development of myocardial fibrosis, cardiac conduction system disease and cardiomyopathy resulting in both systolic and diastolic heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-8-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138443PMC
August 2018
19 Reads

Esophago-pericardial Fistula Induced Community Acquired Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (CA-MRSA) Cardiac Tamponade - A Rare Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 10;6(6):109-113. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Divisions of Cardiovascular Disease, Endocrinology and Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203.

Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection is a matter of public health concern. The incidence of community acquired Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is rising. To date only 12 cases of CA-MRSA pericarditis and seven cases of esophageal cancer related purulent pericarditis have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-6-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071413PMC
July 2018
6 Reads
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