342,484 results match your criteria American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation[Journal]


Discretized dynamics of exchange spin wave bulk and edge modes in honeycomb nanoribbons with armchair edge boundaries.

J Phys Condens Matter 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Theoretical Physics, Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, Czestochowa, POLAND.

We develop a field theory to study the dynamics of long wavelength exchange spin wave excitations on honeycomb nanoribbons characterized by armchair edge boundaries and the Néel antiferromagnetic ordering state. Appropriate boundary conditions are established by requiring that the bulk and edge spins precess with the same frequency for any given spin wave eigenmode in these systems. A set of characteristic boundary equations, common for bulk and edge spin wave modes, are hence derived. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/ab1c2eDOI Listing

The Distribution of Post-Void Residual (PVR) Volumes in People Seeking Care in the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Network (LURN) Observational Cohort Study with Comparison to Asymptomatic Populations.

Urology 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD.

Objectives: To describe the distribution of post-void residual (PVR) volumes across patients with and without lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and examine relationships between self-reported voiding symptoms, storage symptoms, and PVR.

Methods: PVR and demographic data were obtained from the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN) observational cohort study. Self-reported symptoms were collected using the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUA-SI) and the LUTS Tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.01.069DOI Listing

Cultural Immersion Isn't About Diabetes: Understanding the Lakota Sioux Culture on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.

Authors:
Ali Haines

S D Med 2019 Mar;72(3):131-132

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

This article discusses the historical trauma and modern struggles of Oglala Lakota Sioux tribal members on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota. In order for healthcare providers to understand why patients from this region have soaring rates of diabetes, teen pregnancies and premature death, it is important to have exposure to their culture and daily life. As part of their medical school curriculum, students at the Sanford School of Medicine take part in cultural immersion trips in order to better understand and relate to the people on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Read More

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American Indian Ethics of Health Care When Serving American Indian Patients in South Dakota.

S D Med 2019 Mar;72(3):123-126

Department of Neurosciences, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

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The Patient As Team: American Indian Healthcare and the Transorganization - A Shout for Leadership.

S D Med 2019 Mar;72(3):114-118

Sanford Clinic - Infectious Disease, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

American Indian health care in the state of South Dakota meets the definition of a humanitarian crisis and as such is being called a third-world country within its own borders. This dizzying challenge will require an out-ofthe-box but previously successful Transorganization, to address a problem which will never be solved by separate organizations operating in silos. It will also require visionary leadership to shine a permanent light on this conundrum, inviting all physicians and healthcare systems to join together as a team of teams, until this situation is transformed. Read More

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Prevalence, attitudes, behaviours and policy evaluation of midwakh smoking among young people in the United Arab Emirates: Cross-sectional analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(4):e0215899. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Public Health Research Center, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Introduction: Non-cigarette tobacco products are an increasing public health concern globally. Little is known about midwakh, a pipe indigenous to the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study aimed to assess the prevalence, attitudes, behaviours and policy evaluation of midwakh smoking among 13 to 15 year olds in the UAE. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215899PLOS

Densities and drivers of sea turtle populations across Pacific coral reef ecosystems.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(4):e0214972. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California, United States of America.

Sea turtle populations are often assessed at the regional to sub-basin scale from discrete indices of nesting abundance. While this may be practical and sometimes effective, widespread in-water surveys may enhance assessments by including additional demographics, locations, and revealing emerging population trends. Here, we describe sea turtle observations from 13 years of towed-diver surveys across 53 coral islands, atolls, and reefs in the Central, West, and South Pacific. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214972PLOS

A late Pleistocene human footprint from the Pilauco archaeological site, northern Patagonia, Chile.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(4):e0213572. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

The present study describes the discovery of a singular sedimentary structure corresponding to an ichnite that was excavated at the paleo-archaeological site Pilauco (Osorno, Chile). The trace fossil is associated with megafauna bones, plant material and unifacial lithic tools. Here we present a detailed analysis of the Pilauco ichnite and associated sedimentary structures, as well as new radiocarbon data. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213572PLOS

Declining Proportion of Incident Squamous Cell Carcinomas of the Oral Cavity Coded as Unknown for American Joint Committee TNM Stage:SEER Registries, 2004-2014.

J Registry Manag 2018 ;45(3):104-108

Background: For squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity (OCSCC), American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM stage at diagnosis is widely used by clinicians. In US cancer registries, AJCC 6th edition stage was derived by computer algorithm from codes based on the Collaborative Stage System (CSS) for diagnoses from 2004-2015, but unknown stage is an issue.

Methods: A research database of population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program registries (covering about 28% of the US population) included AJCC stage for diagnoses in 2004-2014. Read More

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January 2018

Increase in Drug Spending in Canada Due to Extension of Data Protection for Biologics: A Descriptive Study.

Authors:
Joel Lexchin

Healthc Policy 2019 Feb;14(3):10-18

Professor Emeritus, School of Health Policy and Management, York University, Emergency Physician, University Health Network, Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

Introduction: Biologics are currently protected from competition by eight years of data protection. The renegotiated North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) increases data protection from 8 to 10 years. This study investigates the effect of such an extension on drug spending in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12927/hcpol.2019.25796DOI Listing
February 2019

Ghrelin modulates intracellular signalling pathways that are critical for podocyte survival.

Cell Biochem Funct 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Gilbert and Rose-Marie Chagoury, School of Medicine, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon.

Damage to podocytes is a key event in glomerulopathies. While energy dense food can contribute to kidney damage, the role of the orixegenic hormone "ghrelin" in podocyte biology is still unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ghrelin on podocyte survival as well as the signalling pathways mediating ghrelin effect in immortalized cultured rat podocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbf.3397DOI Listing

Association of Duration and Type of Surgical Prophylaxis With Antimicrobial-Associated Adverse Events.

JAMA Surg 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Medicine, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: The benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis are limited to the first 24 hours postoperatively. Little is known about the harms associated with continuing antimicrobial prophylaxis after skin closure.

Objective: To characterize the association of type and duration of prophylaxis with surgical site infection (SSI), acute kidney injury (AKI), and Clostridium difficile infection. Read More

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http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0569DOI Listing
April 2019
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Reply to: Medical students' thoughts on interventions to reduce burnout and maintain empathy in clinical years.

Med Teach 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

a Department of Family Medicine, Associate Deputy Editor , American Family Physician Georgetown University Medical Center , Washington , DC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2019.1604477DOI Listing

Challenges For Middle-Income Elders In An Aging Society.

Authors:
John W Rowe

Health Aff (Millwood) 2019 Apr 24:101377hlthaff201900095. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

John W. Rowe ( ) is a professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, in New York City.

The United States is becoming an "aging society," in which the number of people older than age sixty exceeds the number of those younger than age fifteen. This transformation has major implications for many aspects of American life. The fundamental challenge relates to our core societal institutions-education, work and retirement, health care, housing, and the like-which were not designed to support a population with our future age distribution. Read More

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http://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00095
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00095DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comparing modalities of conducting the six-minute walk test in healthy children and adolescents.

Minerva Pediatr 2019 Jun;71(3):229-234

Division of Cardiology, Pulmology, Allergology, and Cystic Fibrosis, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in children can be performed in the conventional way, or by using a measuring wheel. This study aimed to compare these test modalities and to determine influencing factors.

Methods: The study included 317 healthy children (172 boys) between 6 and 15 years from elementary schools and high schools, who were randomly assigned to perform a 6MWT either with or without a measuring wheel according to the guidelines of the American Thoracic Society. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.18.05185-XDOI Listing

Analytical validation of a standardized scoring protocol for Ki67 immunohistochemistry on breast cancer excision whole sections: an international multicenter collaboration.

Histopathology 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

The Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom.

Aims: The nuclear proliferation marker Ki67 assayed by immunohistochemistry has multiple potential uses in breast cancer, but an unacceptable level of inter-laboratory variability has hampered its clinical utility. The International Ki67 in Breast Cancer Working Group has undertaken a systematic program to determine whether Ki67 measurement can be analytically validated and standardized across laboratories. This study addresses whether acceptable scoring reproducibility can be achieved on excision whole sections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/his.13880DOI Listing

Do dietary stresses affect the immune system of Periplaneta americana (Blattaria: Blattidae)?

Braz J Biol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Laboratório de Entomologia, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas - UFPel, CEP 96010-900, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Stresses can be caused by multiple biotic and abiotic factors and their effects can affect both the biology and the immune system of insects. American cockroach - Periplaneta americana (Linnaeus, 1758) (Blattaria: Blattidae) -besides being an excellent model species, has great medical importance because it can act as a mechanical vector of several pathogens. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of starvation, dehydration and both stresses on weight, and total and differential haemocyte count in P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.190035DOI Listing

Benefits of spirituality and/or religiosity in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: an integrative review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2019 Mar-Apr;72(2):541-551. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Faculdade de Medicina. Botucatu-SP, Brasil.

Objective: Identify and analyze existing evidence regarding the benefits of spirituality and / or religiosity in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease.

Method: Integrative review carried out through consultation of databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Scientific Electronic Library Online, US National Library of Medicine and Scopus. The following descriptors were used: chronic kidney disease, spirituality and religion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0051DOI Listing

Translation and cultural adaptation of Patient Perceptions of Hemodialysis Scale in Brazil.

Rev Bras Enferm 2019 Mar-Apr;72(2):314-320. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Federal University of São Carlos São Carlos-SP, Brazil.

Objective: To translate and adapt the Patient Perceptions of Hemodialysis Scale (PPHS) to the Brazilian context.

Method: A methodological study, in which the stages of initial translation, synthesis of translations, back translation, evaluation by an expert committee and pre-test of the PPHS were performed.

Results: Two initial translations by independent translators, experienced in the health area and fluent in English. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0052DOI Listing

Systematic Review of Factors Associated with the Utilization of Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer.

Eur Urol Oncol 2019 Mar 14;2(2):119-125. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Urology, The University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Context: Despite established guidelines for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, it has been reported that radical cystectomy (RC) is markedly underused, especially among patients of advanced age and those with higher comorbidity burden and lower access to care. Understanding the interactions between patient, provider, and hospital factors may inform targeted interventions to optimize RC utilization.

Objective: To systematically review the literature regarding factors associated with RC utilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euo.2018.07.006DOI Listing

Verifying alternative measures of healthcare service quality.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2019 Mar;32(2):516-533

American University in Cairo , Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the best measure among several alternatives (SERVQUAL, weighted SERVQUAL, SERVPERF, weighted SERVPERF) and develop a scale which healthcare providers can use for measurement of healthcare service quality.

Design/methodology/approach: The study involved two phases. The first phase was through a series of in-depth interviews with experts and patients followed by a pilot study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-05-2016-0069DOI Listing

Implementing Lean Six Sigma in a Kuwaiti private hospital.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2019 Mar;32(2):431-446

Department of Industrial Engineering, The American University of the Middle East , Egaila, Kuwait.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to use Lean Six Sigma (LSS) to reduce patient waiting time in a Kuwaiti private hospital obstetrics and gynaecology clinic.

Approach: The define, measure, analyse, improve and control methodology was used. The "define" stage involved identifying patients' needs, system capabilities and project objectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-04-2018-0099DOI Listing

Measuring intelligibility in signed languages.

Clin Linguist Phon 2019 Apr 24:1-18. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

b School of Teacher Education , Charles Sturt University , Bathurst , Australia.

Intelligibility of spoken languages is a widely discussed construct; however, intelligibility, as it pertains to signed languages, has rarely been considered. This study provides an initial investigation of the construct of intelligibility in American Sign Language (ASL) and evaluates potential measures for self-report and expert ratings of sign intelligibility that examined the frequency of understanding, amount of understanding, and ease of understanding. Participants were 66 college students (42 Deaf, 24 hearing) who had self-rated ASL skills ranging from poor to excellent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2019.1600169DOI Listing

What Can Be Learned From Crowdsourced Population Asparagus Urinary Odor Kinetics?

CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Takeda Pharmaceuticals International Co., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Asparagus consumption is associated with the production of malodorous urine. Interindividual variability was previously characterized by an American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics crowdsourced study. To further characterize urinary odor kinetics, we conducted a study with consenting participants from Takeda Pharmaceutical International Company. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psp4.12401DOI Listing

Legal Feasibility of US Government Policies to Reduce Cancer Risk by Reducing Intake of Processed Meat.

Milbank Q 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University.

Policy Points High-profile international evidence reviews by the World Health Organization, the World Cancer Research Fund, the American Institute for Cancer Research, and the American Cancer Society concluded that processed meat consumption increases the risk of cancer. The red meat and processed meat industries are influential in the United States and in several other nations. The US federal government supports public-private partnerships for commodity meat promotion and advertising. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0009.12385DOI Listing

The Urological Association of Asia clinical guideline for urinary stone disease.

Int J Urol 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Nephro-urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.

The Urological Association of Asia, consisting of 25 member associations and one affiliated member since its foundation in 1990, has planned to develop Asian guidelines for all urological fields. The field of stone diseases is the third of its guideline projects. Because of the different climates, and social, economic and ethnic environments, the clinical practice for urinary stone diseases widely varies among the Asian countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.13957DOI Listing

Measuring the impact of European colonization on Native American populations in Southern Brazil and Uruguay: Evidence from mtDNA.

Am J Hum Biol 2019 Apr 23:e23243. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Objectives: The major aim of this article was to estimate the demographic impact of European arrival and colonization over Native American populations from southern Brazil and Uruguay. We also compared the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic diversity, structure, and demography of Native American lineages present in current indigenous (Natives) and nonindigenous admixed (Admixed) populations to estimate the effective population size (N ) of contemporary and ancestral (pre-Columbian) Native American populations.

Methods: We retrieved published mtDNA sequences from Native (n = 396) and Admixed (n = 309) populations from southern Brazil, Uruguay, and surrounding areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.23243DOI Listing

Commentaries on field-laboratory collaborations in primatology: Introduction to a special section of the American Journal of Primatology.

Am J Primatol 2019 Apr 24:e22979. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Anthropology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio.

Finding better approaches to bridge field and laboratory primate research was identified as an important goal in a recent (2017) member survey of the American Society of Primatologists. Collaborative field-captive research was identified by >60% of respondents as somewhat or very underrepresented in the Society. In this introductory essay for a special section of American Journal of Primatology, I review commonalities and differences in the papers that were requested from field-captive primate collaborative teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22979DOI Listing

Observing home-visiting quality at scale with the home visit rating scales and a supervisor checklist in Peru.

Infant Ment Health J 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Social Protection and Health Division, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, District of Columbia.

As home-visiting programs expand, there is a need to develop cost-effective tools to monitor their quality at scale. We compare the Home Visit Rating Scales (HOVRS), an instrument to measure home-visit process quality widely used in the United States, to a checklist designed for the Peruvian national home-visiting program, Cuna Mas. Both instruments were administered to a sample of 554 home visits and an equal number of mother-child dyads by their 176 home visitors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21775DOI Listing

High School Start Time and Migraine Frequency in High School Students.

Headache 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objective: To investigate whether later high school start time is associated with lower migraine frequency in high school students with migraine.

Background: Adequate sleep is thought to be important in managing adolescent migraine. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends teenagers sleep ≥8 hours/night. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13535DOI Listing

Changing rate of serious infections in biologic-exposed rheumatoid arthritis patients. Data from South American registries BIOBADABRASIL and BIOBADASAR.

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Santiago University Clinical Hospital Institute of Medical Research, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Objective: Most reports on serious infections (SI) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are from the USA and Western Europe. Data from other regions are largely missing. We report data from South American countries with different backgrounds and health-care systems but similar registries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-019-04516-2DOI Listing

Progression of anal intraepithelial neoplasia in HIV-positive individuals: predisposing factors.

Tech Coloproctol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of General Surgery, Section of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Ave South, Room D5248 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate patient factors that affect the progression of anal dysplasia in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of HIV-positive adults with human papilloma virus related anal lesions was performed from 2012 to 2017. All patients underwent surgical excision or biopsy and fulguration of lesions in the operating room without using high resolution anoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10151-019-01951-wDOI Listing

Effect of a Community-Level HIV Prevention Intervention on Psychosocial Determinants of HIV Risk Behaviors among Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men (YBMSM).

AIDS Behav 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

In contrast to intervention studies that assess psychosocial factors only as mediators or moderators of HIV risk, the present study assessed the effects of an Mpowerment-based community-level intervention on psychosocial determinants (e.g., depressive symptoms, sexual stigma) of HIV risk behavior among young black MSM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02499-4DOI Listing

Resprouting by seedlings of four North American deciduous broadleaved tree species following experimental burning.

Authors:
Tara L Keyser

Oecologia 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station, 1577 Brevard Road, Asheville, NC, 28806, USA.

In eastern North American Quercus forests, the historic fire regime, characterized by periodic, low-intensity surface fire, facilitated the development and maintenance of mid-successional Quercus forests across multiple spatial and temporal scales. One physiological mechanism favoring Quercus over mesophytic and/or shade-tolerant deciduous broadleaved species is prolific and vigorous resprouting following topkill. Generalizations regarding interspecific differences in fire-induced resprouting are confounded by interactions between biotic and abiotic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-019-04397-xDOI Listing

Appropriateness of American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Guidelines for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: A Prospective Analytical Study.

Cureus 2019 Feb 13;11(2):e4062. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, IND.

Introduction Extensive use of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) with the advent of open access centers has resulted in inappropriate endoscopies. Our study aimed to evaluate the appropriateness of American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines for UGE and to assess the diagnostic yield of endoscopy in a tertiary care center in South India. Methods The study was conducted as a prospective analytical study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464286PMC
February 2019

Abdominal Wall Endometriosis: A Case Report.

Cureus 2019 Feb 13;11(2):e4061. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

General Surgery, Saint George Hospital/ Lebanese University, Beirut, LBN.

Abdominal wall endometriosis is a rare condition that occurs after a cesarean section or pelvic surgery and it has an incidence of 0.03%-1.5% in women with previous cesarean delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464279PMC
February 2019

Outcomes of Inpatient Versus Outpatient Elective Foot and Ankle Surgery.

Cureus 2019 Feb 12;11(2):e4058. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Orthopaedics, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, USA.

Background Complications following orthopedic surgeries are undesirable and costly. A potential method to reduce these costs is to perform traditionally inpatient surgical procedures in the outpatient setting. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes between inpatient and outpatient settings for elective foot and ankle surgeries using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464278PMC
February 2019

Prevalence of hypertension and blood pressure profile amongst urban-dwelling adults in Nigeria: a comparative analysis based on recent guideline recommendations.

Clin Hypertens 2019 15;25. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

2Department of Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Background: Hypertension is the major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and prevalence rates are critical to understanding the burden and envisaging health service requirements and resource allocation. We aimed to provide an update of the current prevalence of hypertension and blood pressure profiles of adults in urban Nigeria.

Methods: Cross sectional population-based survey in Lagos, Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40885-019-0112-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463661PMC

Validation of POSSUM, P-POSSUM and the surgical risk scale in major general surgical operations in Harare: A prospective observational study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2019 May 27;41:33-39. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Box A167, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Raw mortality and morbidity, though commonly studied in surgical audit can nonetheless be misleading because of differences in preoperative and intraoperative findings of patients. There are some common scoring systems specifically designed to cater for case mix but these have not been tried locally. This study sought to validate these scoring systems and hopefully adopt them for our teaching hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2019.03.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475666PMC

Do riparian forest strips in modified forest landscapes aid in conserving bat diversity?

Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 27;9(7):4192-4209. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation University of Florida Gainesville Florida.

Agricultural practices lead to losses of natural resources and biodiversity. Maintaining forests alongside streams (riparian forest strips) has been used as a mechanism to minimize the impact of clearing for agriculture on biodiversity. To test the contribution of riparian forest strips to conserve biodiversity in production landscapes, we selected bats as a biodiversity model system and examined two dimensions of diversity: taxonomic and functional. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467860PMC

The contrasting hidden consequences of parasitism: Effects of a hematophagous nematode ( sp.) in the development of a marine mammal swimming behavior.

Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 7;9(7):3689-3699. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine University of Georgia Athens Georgia.

Parasites are an important part of ecosystems, playing a critical role in their equilibrium. However, the consequences of parasitism beyond the direct effects associated with disease and mortality are not completely understood. This gap in knowledge is in part due to the difficulties to isolate the effect of single parasite species on physiological and behavioral traits in natural systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4914DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468065PMC

Tridecaptin-inspired antimicrobial peptides with activity against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria.

Medchemcomm 2019 Mar 12;10(3):484-487. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , David Keir Building , Queen's University Belfast , Stranmillis Road , Belfast , BT9 5AG , UK . Email:

Antimicrobial peptides are a rich source of potential antibiotic candidates. The tridecaptins, a family of linear lipo-tridecapeptides, are easily synthesized and show strong activity against Gram-negative bacteria. However, their composition includes several expensive amino acids, such as d/l diaminobutyric acid and d--isoleucine, significantly increasing their cost of synthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9md00031cDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457190PMC

Evaluation of discharge prescriptions for secondary prevention in patients with acute coronary syndromes in Iraq.

Pharm Pract (Granada) 2019 Jan-Mar;17(1):1372. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Specialist Mental Health and Prescribing Support Pharmacist Primary Care, Pharmacy and Prescribing Support Unit, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, West Glasgow Ambulatory Care Hospital. Glasgow, Scotland (United Kingdom).

Background: Optimal prescribing of secondary prevention medications after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, it is unknown whether these medications are optimally prescribed at discharge from acute care in Iraq.

Objective: To evaluate whether patients with ACS received optimal secondary prevention medications: antiplatelets, statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ACEI/ARBs), and beta-blockers at discharge from a cardiology unit, and to assess whether statins, ACEI/ARBs and beta-blockers were prescribed at target doses based on the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2019.1.1372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463406PMC

Measurement of Disease Activity in Ecuadorian Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Does RAPID3 Correlate with Traditional Indexes?

ScientificWorldJournal 2019 20;2019:6940401. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Rheumatology, Unidad de Enfermedades Reumáticas y Autoinmunes [UNERA] (Unit of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases), Guayaquil, Ecuador.

Objective: The aim of this study is to demonstrate if routine assessment of patient index data 3 has a correlation with disease's activity as much as disease activity score 28, clinical disease activity index, and simplified disease activity index in Ecuadorian patients with rheumatoid arthritis seen in Unidad de Enfermedades Reumáticas y Autoinmunes [UNERA] from December 2016 to December 2017.

Methods: This is a retrospective study in 200 patients that fulfill the American College of Rheumatology 2010 criteria for diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. The patients were evaluated from December 2016 to December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6940401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446084PMC

Impact of an Andean breakfast on biochemistry and immunochemistry laboratory tests: an evaluation on behalf COLABIOCLI WG-PRE-LATAM.

Biochem Med (Zagreb) 2019 Jun 15;29(2):020702. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Section of Clinical Biochemistry; Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Introduction: In Andean countries, specifically in Ecuador, a food transition in the population has been observed because of economic growth. The Working Group for Preanalytical Phase in Latin America (WG-PRE-LATAM) of the Latin America Confederation of Clinical Biochemistry (COLABIOCLI) was established in 2017, and its main purpose is to study preanalytical variability and establish guidelines for preanalytical procedures in order to be implemented by clinical laboratories and healthcare professionals in Latin America. The aim of this study on behalf of COLABIOCLI WG-PRE-LATAM was to evaluate whether an Andean breakfast can interfere with routine biochemistry and immunochemistry laboratory tests. Read More

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https://www.biochemia-medica.com/en/journal/29/2/10.11613/BM
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11613/BM.2019.020702DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457920PMC
June 2019
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Evaluation of a Chicken 600K SNP genotyping array in non-model species of grouse.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 23;9(1):6407. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, Ft. Collins, Colorado, USA.

The use of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays to generate large SNP datasets for comparison purposes have recently become an attractive alternative to other genotyping methods. Although most SNP arrays were originally developed for domestic organisms, they can be effectively applied to wild relatives to obtain large panels of SNPs. In this study, we tested the cross-species application of the Affymetrix 600K Chicken SNP array in five species of North American prairie grouse (Centrocercus and Tympanuchus genera). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42885-5DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mistletoe extract Fraxini inhibits the proliferation of liver cancer by down-regulating c-Myc expression.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 23;9(1):6428. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University & University Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) is a type of parasitic plant reported to have anticancer activity including in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism of mistletoe's anticancer activity, and its effectiveness in treating HCC are not fully understood. We report here that mistletoe extracts, including Fraxini (grown on ash trees) and Iscador Q and M (grown on oak and maple trees), exert strong antiproliferative activity in Hep3B cells, with median inhibitory concentrations (IC) of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41444-2DOI Listing