5,275 results match your criteria American journal of industrial medicine[Journal]


Impacts of weather, work rate, hydration, and clothing in heat-related illness in California farmworkers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, California.

Background: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of work rate, hydration status, and clothing on core body temperature (CBT) on California farmworkers.

Methods: Two hundred and eighty-seven farmworkers were recruited in Summer 2015, with 259 participants having sufficient data for analysis. We collected CBT, ambient temperature, work rate, body weight loss, and clothing worn by each participant throughout the work day and demographic data from a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22973DOI Listing

Harmonizing work history data in epidemiologic studies with overlapping employment records.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Research, , Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Work history data often require major data management including handling of overlapping jobs to avoid overestimating exposure before linkage to job-exposure matrices (JEMs) is possible.

Methods: In a case-cohort study of 1825 male Norwegian offshore petroleum workers, 3979 jobs were reported (mean duration 2417 days/job; maximum 8 jobs/worker). Each job was assigned to one of 27 occupation categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22965DOI Listing

Asbestos in commercial indian talc.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Easily available commercial Indian talc products widely used in Southeast Asia were examined for the presence of asbestos. Asbestos in talc products carry all risks of asbestos-related disease.

Methods: Using polarizing light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction, and X-ray analysis, multiple over-the-counter Indian talc products were examined for the presence of asbestos. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajim.22969
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22969DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Dissecting the effect of workplace exposures on workers' rating of psychological health and safety.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers, Toronto, Ontario.

Objectives: To validate the factor structure of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in a North American population and dissect the associations between psychosocial factors and workplace psychological health and safety.

Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis and multivariate linear regression were used to determine the associations between COPSOQ dimensions and a global rating of workplace psychological health and safety. Models were stratified by sex, gender roles, and age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22964DOI Listing

Workplace heat exposure, health protection, and economic impacts: A case study in Canada.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Health and Environment International Trust, Climate Heat Impacts Research Program, Mapua, Nelson, New Zealand.

Background: Occupational heat exposure is a serious concern for worker health, productivity, and the economy. Few studies in North America assess how on-site wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) levels and guidelines are applied in practice.

Methods: We assessed the use of a WBGT sensor for localized summertime heat exposures experienced by outdoor laborers at an industrial worksite in Ontario, Canada during the warm season (May-October) from 2012 to 2018 inclusive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22966DOI Listing

Differential effects of employment grade on the association between long working hours and problem drinking.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Public Health, Institute of Health Policy and Management, Nationa Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: To examine the association between working hours and problem drinking in employees from different employment grades.

Methods: We used data from a national survey of randomly sampled Taiwanese workers. A total score of 2 or more on the Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, and Eye-Opener (CAGE) questionnaire was used to identify problem drinkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22962DOI Listing
February 2019

Occupational heat stress management: Does one size fit all?

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Heat stress is a deadly occupational hazard that is projected to increase in severity with global warming. While upper limits for heat stress designed to protect all workers have been recommended by occupational safety institutes for some time, heat stress continues to compromise health and productivity. In our view, this is largely explained by the inability of existing guidelines to consider the inter-individual (age, sex, disease, others) and intra-individual (medication use, fitness, hydration, others) factors that cause extensive variability in physiological tolerance to a given heat stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22961DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 21;62(4):296-308. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Background: This study was carried out in response to worker concerns over their exposure to lead solder and chlorinated solvents at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama.

Methods: A study of 4396 United Autoworkers members ever-employed at the plants between 1972 and 1993 was conducted with mortality follow-up through 2016. Poisson regression was used to estimate mortality rate ratios (RR) according to employment characteristics, including calendar period of employment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22963DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Occupational exposure and airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD among ever-employed US adults using a COPD-job exposure matrix.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland.

Introduction: This study examined the association of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD defined as self-reported doctor diagnosed chronic bronchitis or emphysema, with occupational exposure among ever-employed US adults.

Methods: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2008 to 2011-2012, a nationally representative study of the non-institutionalized civilian US population. Reported current and/or longest held job were used to create prevalence estimates and prevalence odds ratios (PORs) (adjusted for age, gender, race, and smoking status) for airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD by occupational exposure, determined using both NHANES participants' self-reported exposures and eight categories of COPD job exposure matrix (JEM) assigned exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22958DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Non-malignant respiratory disease among workers in the rubber manufacturing industry: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morgantown, West Virginia.

Background: Non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD) cases have occurred among rubber manufacturing workers. We examined exposure to rubber manufacturing emissions as a risk factor for NMRD.

Methods: From a systematic literature review, we identified case reports and assessed cross-sectional and mortality studies for strength of evidence of positive association (strong, intermediate, non-significant positive association, none) between exposure to rubber manufacturing emissions and NMRD-related morbidity and mortality, and conducted two meta-analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22959DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Need for a new workplace safety and health (WSH) strategy for the fourth Industrial Revolution.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 15;62(4):275-281. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

We are on the cusp of the fourth Industrial Revolution which promises to revolutionize the way we live and work. Throughout history, as society and technology progress, so too have our workplace safety and health (WSH) strategies in regard to better knowledge and enhanced regulation. In this paper, we argue for a new WSH 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22960DOI Listing

Factory and construction work is associated with an increased risk of severe lumbar spinal stenosis on MRI: A case control analysis within the wakayama spine study.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire, United Kingdom.

Background: To explore the association of MRI-diagnosed severe lumbar spinal stenosis with occupation.

Methods: Occupational data were collected by questionnaire and all participants underwent spine MRI scans using the same protocol. Central lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) was graded qualitatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22957DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Elevated blood lead levels in adults-Missouri, 2013.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 11;62(4):347-351. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background: Over 90% of adults with elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) in the United States are exposed occupationally. Missouri historically has been among the states with the highest prevalence rates of elevated BLLs. We characterized cases of elevated BLLs among Missouri adults to target preventive interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22954DOI Listing

Impact of shift duration on alertness among air-medical emergency care clinician shift workers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 7;62(4):325-336. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Greater than half of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) shift workers report fatigue at work and most work long duration shifts. We sought to compare the alertness level of EMS shift workers by shift duration.

Methods: We used a multi-site, 14-day prospective observational cohort study design of EMS clinician shift workers at four air-medical EMS organizations. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajim.22956
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22956DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

Testing the associations between leading and lagging indicators in a contractor safety pre-qualification database.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 6;62(4):317-324. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Physical Therapy, Movement, and Rehabilitation Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Safety prequalification assessing contractors' safety management systems and safety programs lack validation in predicting construction worker injuries.

Methods: Safety assessments of leading indicators from 2198 construction contractors, including Safety Management Systems (SMS), Safety Programs (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22951DOI Listing

North-south gradient of mesothelioma and asbestos consumption-production in the United States-Progresses since the 1st asbestos partial ban in 1973.

Authors:
Hongbing Sun

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 31;62(4):337-346. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of GEMS, Health Studies Institute, Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey.

Background: Temporal trends and broad geographical distributions of asbestos use and the incidence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) in the US still need to be studied.

Methods: Data on asbestos consumption and production between 1900 and 2015 and MM mortality and incidence rates between 1975 and 2015 in the US were examined. Spatial distributions of MM mortality and incidence rates and their association with climate zone were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22955DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Occupational medicine clinical practice data reveal increased injury rates among Hispanic workers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 30;62(4):309-316. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

HealthPartners, St Paul, Minnesota.

Background: Minnesota has an ethnically diverse labor force, with the largest number of refugees per capita in the United States. In recent years, Minnesota has been and continues to be a major site for immigrant and refugee resettlement in the United States, with a large population of both immigrant and native born Hmong, Hispanic, and East Africans. This study seeks to evaluate the injury risk among the evolving minority workforce in the Minnesota Twin Cities region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22949DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Injury and illness among onshore workers in Alaska's seafood processing industry: Analysis of workers' compensation claims, 2014-2015.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 28;62(3):253-264. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.

Background: Alaska's onshore seafood processing industry is economically vital and hazardous.

Methods: Accepted Alaska workers' compensation claims data from 2014 to 2015 were manually reviewed and coded with the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System and associated work activity. Workforce data were utilized to calculate rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22953DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417873PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Variations in exposure to carcinogens among shift workers and non-shift workers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 24;62(4):352-356. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: There is limited information on whether the prevalence of exposure to workplace carcinogens varies among shift workers and non-shift workers.

Methods: This analysis used data from the Australian Work Exposures Study-Cancer, a telephone survey which examined exposure to carcinogens in the workplace. Workers were classified as shift workers if they indicated that their usual roster ever included work between the hours of midnight and 5 am. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22950DOI Listing

Adult onset asthma in non-allergic women working in dampness damaged buildings: A retrospective cohort study.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 24;62(4):357-363. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linkoping, Sweden.

Background: There is still no consensus about the association between working in dampness-damaged buildings and new onset of asthma among adults. The purpose of this study was to assess asthma in the staff of two psychiatric clinics where some premises were suffering from dampness.

Methods: A 20-year retrospective cohort study was performed using questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22952DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mortality among United States aerospace materials manufacturing workers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 24;62(3):192-204. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, Center for Occupational Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objectives: To evaluate long-term mortality rates among aerospace material manufacturing workers as follow-up to an earlier observed excess of nephritis/nephrosis.

Methods: Subjects were 2020 workers ever employed in the facility during 1963-2014. Vital status through 2014 was determined for all subjects and cause of death for 99. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22943DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Janitor workload and occupational injuries.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 24;62(3):222-232. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Midwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety Education and Research Center, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Background: This study was designed to identify potential effects of workload and sleep on injury occurrence.

Methods: Questionnaires were disseminated to janitors in the SEIU Local 26 union; 390 responded and provided information on workload, sleep, and injury outcomes. Quantitative measurements of workload and sleep were collected via FitBit devices from a subset of 58 janitors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22940DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

A longitudinal study of work-related psychosocial factors and injuries: Implications for the aging United States workforce.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 23;62(3):212-221. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Introduction: This study aimed to identify psychosocial work factors that may individually or, in combination, influence injury outcomes among aging United States (U.S.) workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22945DOI Listing

Evaluation of the impact of heat stress on the occurrence of occupational injuries: Meta-analysis of observational studies.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 23;62(3):233-243. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

CeRIMP-Local Health Unit Tuscany Centre, Florence, Italy.

Background: Growing evidence indicates that the exposure to high heat levels in the workplace results in health problems in workers. A meta-analysis was carried out to summarize the epidemiological evidence of the effects of heat exposure on the risk of occupational injuries.

Methods: A search strategy was conducted to retrieve studies on the effects of climate change on occupational injury risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22946DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Silicosis prevalence and incidence among Medicare beneficiaries.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 18;62(3):183-191. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Surveillance Branch, Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morgantown, West Virginia.

Introduction: Existing epidemiologic information on silicosis relies on mortality data.

Methods: We analyzed health insurance claims and enrollment information from 49 923 987 fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥65 from 1999 to 2014. Three different definitions were developed to identify silicosis cases and results are presented as ranges of values for the three definitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22944DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Factors influencing health and safety practices among Vietnamese nail salon technicians and owners: A qualitative study.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 18;62(3):244-252. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Community Health and Prevention, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: This qualitative study explored factors that influence health and safety practices among Vietnamese nail salon technicians and owners.

Methods: We conducted semi-structured focus group discussions and individual interviews with a sample of 17 Vietnamese nail salon technicians and owners in the Philadelphia metropolitan area, Pennsylvania.

Results: Analysis of transcripts revealed perceived health benefits/concerns, knowledge about work-related hazards, salon's management and policies attributed to owners, client influence, external policies/regulations, and protective equipment-specific challenges were among factors affecting workplace health promotion practices at the salons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22947DOI Listing

Breast cancer risk by occupation and industry in women and men: Results from the Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS).

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 15;62(3):205-211. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Occupational Cancer Research Centre, Cancer Care Ontario, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The recently established Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) was used to examine breast cancer risk in women and men by occupation and industry.

Methods: Ontario workers in the ODSS cohort (1983-2016) were followed up for breast cancer diagnosis through the Ontario Cancer Registry. Cox-proportional hazard models were used to calculate age-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajim.22942
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22942DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Dungeness crab commercial fishermen's perceptions of injuries inform survey development.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Mar 13;62(3):265-271. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Oregon Sea Grant, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.

Introduction: The West Coast Dungeness crab fishery is high-risk for occupational fatalities. The Fishermen Led Injury Prevention Program (FLIPP) explored this worker population's nonfatal injuries and safety perspectives.

Methods: Focus groups were held along the West Coast to (a) review reported injuries, (b) discuss risk factors, and (c) identify content to inform future FLIPP research activities, including survey development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22948DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Cancer mortality and exposure to nickel and chromium compounds in a cohort of Italian electroplaters.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 7;62(2):99-110. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Unit of Epidemiology, Regional Health Service ASL TO3, Grugliasco (Turin), Italy.

Background: Nickel and chromium-VI compounds are carcinogens for lung cancer, although it is still debated if there is an increased risk at low levels of exposure and for other cancers.

Methods: In a cohort of 2991 Italian electroplaters, a proportion of whom were exposed to low levels of nickel and/or chromium, cumulative exposure to their compounds was obtained by multiplying average concentrations of the metals in each electroplating tank by duration of employment in the company. The association of exposure to compounds with mortality was assessed by multivariable Cox models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22941DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-term effect of arsenic exposure: Results from an occupational cohort study.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 4;62(2):145-155. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

University of Mainz, Institute of medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Mainz, Germany.

Background: In 1976 in Manfredonia (Italy), arsenic was released into the atmosphere due to an accident in a petrochemical plant. We aimed to analyze the mortality of workers involved in the factory for the site cleaning activities.

Methods: The cohort consisted of 1467 workers grouped into contract, fertilizer, and plastic workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22939DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Brief report: Population-based reversal of the adverse impact of opioids on disability in Washington State workers' compensation.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 28;62(2):168-174. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Background: Evidence has associated opioid use initiated early in a workers' compensation claim with subsequent disability. In 2013, the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries (DLI) implemented procedures based on new regulations that require improvement in pain and function to approve opioids beyond the acute pain period.

Methods: We measured opioid prescriptions between 6 and 12 weeks following injury, an indicator of persistent opioid use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22937DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Latinx child farmworkers in North Carolina: Study design and participant baseline characteristics.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 28;62(2):156-167. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Background: Although children as young as 10 years can work in agriculture, little research has addressed their occupational health. This paper describes a large, multicomponent study of hired Latinx child farmworkers, and the characteristics of children participating in this study.

Methods: Survey interviews were conducted in 2017 with 202 Latinx children aged 10-17 years employed in agriculture across North Carolina (NC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22938DOI Listing
February 2019

Gastrointestinal illness among contract construction workers at a chicken processing facility-Minnesota, 2016.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 24;62(2):175-179. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Division, Minnesota Department of Health, Saint Paul, Minnesota.

Background: After Campylobacter infection was reported in a contract construction worker (contractor) at a chicken processing facility, we described the illness and determined illness associations with workforce exposure.

Methods: Case finding was conducted by reportable disease surveillance and contractor interviews. A case was defined as either diarrhea and fever, or diarrhea lasting ≥3 days during January-September, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22927DOI Listing
February 2019

Mortality among autoworkers manufacturing electronics in Huntsville, Alabama.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Apr 19;62(4):282-295. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Background: Workers raised concerns over suspected excesses of mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing facilities in Huntsville, Alabama.

Methods: A study of 4396 UAW members ever-employed at Huntsville facilities between 1972 and 1993 was conducted with mortality follow-up through 2016. Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMRs) were estimated using U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22933DOI Listing

Mental illness, drinking, and the social division and structure of labor in the United States: 2003-2015.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 19;62(2):131-144. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Background: We draw on a relational theoretical perspective to investigate how the social division and structure of labor are associated with serious and moderate mental illness and binge and heavy drinking.

Methods: The Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Occupational Information Network were linked to explore how occupation, the productivity-to-pay gap, unemployment, the gendered division of domestic labor, and factor-analytic and theory-derived dimensions of work are related to mental illness and drinking outcomes.

Results: Occupations involving manual labor and customer interaction, entertainment, sales, or other service-oriented labor were associated with increased odds of mental illness and drinking outcomes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajim.22935
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22935DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Finding causation in occupational fatalities: A latent class analysis.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 18;62(2):123-130. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Epidemiology-ASL TO3, Grugliasco, Torino, Italy.

Background: The method "Learning by mistakes" was developed in Italy to conduct occupational injury investigations and to collect information on the genesis of injuries. The aim is to analyze data classified with this method in order to identify patterns among the factors contributing to injury dynamics.

Methods: Data regarding 673 factors, corresponding to 354 occupational fatalities that occurred in the Piedmont region (north-west of Italy) during 2005-2014 were considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22936DOI Listing
February 2019

Using multiple coding schemes for classification and coding of agricultural injury.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 18;62(2):87-98. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Background: Agricultural safety and health researchers have used a variety of classification and coding schemes to identify and categorize injury, illness, and disease associated with agricultural hazards. This paper demonstrates how the Farm and Agricultural Injury Classification (FAIC) and Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) coding schemes can be used in tandem for all agricultural injuries.

Methods: Specific cases from the AgInjuryNews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22932DOI Listing
February 2019

Estimating the population prevalence of traditional and novel occupational exposures in Federal Region X.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 13;62(2):111-122. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Objective: Federal Region X is an administrative region in the northwestern United States comprised of the states of Alaska (AK), Idaho (ID), Oregon (OR), and Washington (WA). Quantifying the number of workers in this region exposed to harmful circumstances in the workplace, and projected changes over time will help to inform priorities for occupational health training, risk reduction, and research.

Methods: State data for WA, ID, OR, and AK were used to estimate number of workers by occupation, in 2014 and 2024. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22931DOI Listing
February 2019

The relationship between physical fitness and occupational injury in emergency responders: A systematic review.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 12;62(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Emergency responders have jobs with physical demands that put them at risk of musculoskeletal injuries.

Objectives: This paper systematically reviews existing literature examining the relationship between fitness and occupational injury in this group.

Methods: Comprehensive electronic searches were conducted using key words relating to musculoskeletal injury, fitness, and emergency responders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22929DOI Listing
January 2019

Persistent self-reported ear and hearing problems among World Trade Center-exposed firefighters and emergency medical service workers, 2001-2017-A longitudinal cohort analysis.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 6;62(1):43-49. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Fire Department of the City of New York, Bureau of Health Services, Brooklyn, New York.

Background: The goal of this study was to estimate the impact of exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) site on annual and persistent rates of otalgia and hearing impairment among Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) Firefighters and Emergency Medical Service Workers (EMS).

Methods: Responders completed routine physical health questionnaires at monitoring visits. We used logistic and marginal logistic regression models to explore the association between otalgia and hearing impairment and WTC arrival time. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajim.22925
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22925DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Pneumococcal vaccination for welders: Global deployment within a multi-national corporation.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 10;62(1):69-73. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Alcoa Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Lobar pneumonia is an occupational disease of welders. This is the first report of global deployment of a pneumococcal vaccination program for welders within a multi-national corporation.

Methods: Global webinars were conducted to introduce the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22934DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Airflow obstruction among ever-employed U.S. adults aged 18-79 years by industry and occupation: NHANES 2007-2008 to 2011-2012.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 5;62(1):30-42. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland.

Introduction: This study estimated the prevalence of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction by industry and occupation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among ever-employed U.S. adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22930DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Efficiency of autocoding programs for converting job descriptors into standard occupational classification (SOC) codes.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 5;62(1):59-68. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Background: Existing datasets often lack job exposure data. Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) codes can link work exposure data to health outcomes via a Job Exposure Matrix, but manually assigning SOC codes is laborious. We explored the utility of two SOC autocoding programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22928DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sexual harassment and its relationship with depressive symptoms: A nationwide study of Korean EMS providers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 3;62(1):74-79. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School of Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Emergency medical service (EMS) providers may face sexual harassment (SH) from citizens. No studies have assessed SH prevalence and its association with depressive symptoms among EMS providers in South Korea.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1346 EMS providers in South Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22924DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Effect of an opioid management program for Colorado workers' compensation providers on adherence to treatment guidelines for chronic pain.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 30;62(1):21-29. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Center for Health, Work & Environment, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine adherence of state guidelines for Colorado workers' compensation physicians/providers treating individuals as injured workers with chronic pain after initiation of an opioid management program and provider incentives.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of chronic, non-cancer pain claims was constructed from the Colorado's workers' compensation database. Adherence to treatment guidelines and opioid prescribing practices were evaluated during implementation of a new billing code to incentivize adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22920DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Occupational rhinitis, asthma, and contact urticaria from IgE-mediated allergy to pork.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 25;62(1):80-84. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH), Helsinki, Finland.

We describe four cases of slaughterhouse workers with occupational immediate allergy to raw pork allergens, confirmed by positive skin prick testing and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. Our first patient was diagnosed with occupational asthma from raw pork allergens. Two patients were diagnosed with occupational rhinitis caused by raw pork allergens, which was confirmed by a nasal provocation test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22921DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mortality from liver angiosarcoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cirrhosis among vinyl chloride workers.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 25;62(1):14-20. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Background: Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) has been established as a cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver angiosarcoma (ASL). However, some controversy remains due to conflicting results on liver cirrhosis, and to evidence on HCC based on few confirmed cases. The aim of the study is to clarify the association between VCM exposure and mortality from liver diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22922DOI Listing
January 2019

Impact of California's safe patient handling legislation on musculoskeletal injury prevention among nurses.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 25;62(1):50-58. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Background: This study evaluated the impact of California's safe patient handling (SPH) legislation on musculoskeletal injury prevention among hospital nurses.

Methods: Two serial cross-sectional surveys were conducted using postal and online questionnaires in statewide random samples of California registered nurses in 2013 and 2016. Analysis included hospital nurses who performed patient handling (n = 254 and n = 281, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22923DOI Listing
January 2019

Excess mortality among Indiana firefighters, 1985-2013.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 13;61(12):961-967. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

National Institute for Public Safety Health, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Background: Firefighters are exposed to toxic agents increasing their risk for cancer and cardiovascular disease. We examined the odds of cancer and cardiovascular mortality of firefighters relative to a matched group of non-firefighters from the general population.

Methods: Firefighter death records were matched to four non-firefighter death records on age at time of death, sex, race, ethnicity, and year of death. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajim.22918
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22918DOI Listing
December 2018
24 Reads

Workers' compensation injury claims among workers in the private ambulance services industry-Ohio, 2001-2011.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 12;61(12):986-996. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Division of Safety and Hygiene, Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Ambulance service workers frequently transfer and transport patients. These tasks involve occupational injury risks such as heavy lifting, awkward postures, and frequent motor vehicle travel.

Methods: We examined Ohio workers' compensation injury claims among state-insured ambulance service workers working for private employers from 2001 to 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22917DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads