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    7030 results match your criteria American journal of hypertension[Journal]

    1 OF 141

    Height-Based Equations can Improve the Diagnosis of Elevated Blood Pressure in Children.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Laboratório de Imunopatologia Keizo Asami (LIKA), UFPE, Brazil.
    Background: High blood pressure (BP) is usually underdiagnosed in children and adolescents, particularly due to its complex diagnosis process. This study describes novel height-based equations for the detection of BP disorders (BP>90th percentile) and compares the accuracy of this approach with previously described screening methods to identify BP disorders.

    Methods: Height-based equations were built using the 90th percentile values for systolic and diastolic BP and respective height values from the current guideline of high BP management in children. Read More

    Intra-generational social mobility and changes in blood pressure: longitudinal analysis from the ELSA-Brasil Study.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Background: During the past four decades, the highest worldwide blood pressure (BP) levels have shifted from high-income countries to low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the association of intra-generational social mobility with changes in BP and also with the incidence of hypertension over a 4-year follow-up.

    Methods: Data for 6529 baseline participants from ELSA-Brasil born between 1938 and 1975 were used. Read More

    Comparative efficacy of antihypertensive agents in salt-sensitive hypertensive patients: a network meta-analysis.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Beijing, China.
    Background: Salt-sensitive hypertension (SSH) is an intermediate inherited phenotype of essential hypertension as well as being an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, effective medications for the treatment of SSH have not been clarified. This study was to compare the efficacious of different classes of antihypertensive agents combined with salt intake on the reduction of blood pressure in patients with salt-sensitive hypertension (SSH). Read More

    Urinary angiotensinogen excretion level is associated with elevated blood pressure in the normotensive general population.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Division of Nephrology, Endocrinology, and Vascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Background: Inflammation, intrarenal renin-angiotensin system activation, oxidative stress, and carbonyl stress have been postulated to play a fundamental role in controlling blood pressure. However, little is known about the association among renal renin-angiotensin system activation, carbonyl stress, and blood pressure elevation.

    Methods: We evaluated the relationship between blood pressure elevation and either renal renin-angiotensin system activity or carbonyl stress in the general population (N=355) in Japan. Read More

    AT1 Receptor Antagonism Improves Structural, Functional and Biomechanical Properties in Resistance Arteries in a Rodent Chronic Kidney Disease Model.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.
    Background: The renin-angiotensin system, in particular Angiotensin II (AngII), plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of hypertension in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Effects of chronic AT1 receptor antagonism were investigated in a genetic hypertensive rat model of CKD, the Lewis polycystic kidney (LPK) rat.

    Methods: Mixed-sex LPK and Lewis control rats (total n=31) were split between treated (valsartan 60mg/kg/day p. Read More

    Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Silent Brain Infarctions in a Biracial Cohort: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins Medicine; Baltimore, MD.
    Background: Both hypertensive and atherosclerotic processes contribute to common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT). Elevated CCA-IMT may be indicative of subclinical cerebrovascular disease; however, its role in the absence of concomitant carotid artery plaque is uncertain, and few studies have examined associations in black populations.

    Materials And Methods: At cohort visit 3 (1993-1995) a subset of stroke-free participants (641 blacks and 702 whites, mean age 63) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study was imaged by brain MRI and carotid ultrasound. Read More

    Cerebral osmolytes and plasma osmolality in pregnancy and preeclampsia: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 3. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
    Department of Radiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Cerebral complications contribute substantially to mortality in preeclampsia. Pregnancy calls for extensive maternal adaptations, some associated with increased propensity for seizures, but the pathophysiology behind the eclamptic seizures is not fully understood. Plasma osmolality and sodium levels are lowered in pregnancy. Read More

    Short-Term Blood Pressure Responses to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposures at the Extremes of Global Air Pollution Concentrations.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
    Background: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution is a leading cause of global cardiovascular mortality. A key mechanism may be PM2. Read More

    Breastfeeding and Maternal Hypertension.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 25. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Department of Health Convergence, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Little is known about the relationship between breastfeeding and hypertension. We performed this study to identify whether breastfeeding itself influenced maternal hypertension and whether degree of obesity or insulin sensitivity would contribute to the relationship between breastfeeding and hypertension in postmenopausal women.

    Methods: Our study population comprised 3,119 nonsmoking postmenopausal women aged 50 years or above in the 2010-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Read More

    Response to "Associations among Plasma Total Homocysteine Levels, Circadian Blood Pressure Variation and Endothelial Function in Hypertension".
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 30. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang of Jiangxi, China.

    Central Blood Pressure Responses to Dietary Sodium and Potassium Interventions.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 27. Epub 2018 Jan 27.
    Department of Epidemiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, China.
    Background: To explore how central hemodynamics respond to dietary sodium and potassium interventions, and whether the responses are associated with metabolic traits.

    Methods: We conducted a dietary intervention study including a 7-day low-sodium (51.3 mmol sodium/day) intervention, a 7-day high-sodium (307. Read More

    Management and Outcomes of Childhood Renal Artery Stenosis and Middle Aortic Syndrome.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Child Health Evaluative Sciences, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) in isolation or in conjunction with middle aortic syndrome (MAS), are important vascular causes of childhood hypertension. Few longitudinal studies have assessed the risk of surgical or endovascular intervention, and outcomes by etiology or extent of vascular disease.

    Methods: In a retrospective study of 93 children seen over 30 years with RAS and/or MAS, data on vascular involvement (isolated RAS vs RAS with MAS), etiology (unknown, inflammatory, or genetic), and management were collected. Read More

    Renal Considerations in the Treatment of Hypertension.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Internal Medicine Biomedical Research Department Diabetes and Obesity Research Division Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles, California.
    There are renal implications when employing intensive blood pressure control strategies. While this approach provides cardiovascular benefit in patients with and without chronic kidney disease, the impact on renal disease progression differs according to the pattern of underlying renal injury. In the setting of proteinuria, stringent blood pressure control has generally conferred a protective effect on renal disease progression, but in the absence of proteinuria, this benefit tends to be much less impressive. Read More

    Orthostatic Hypotension and Symptoms in the AASK Trial.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 23. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
    The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and The Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Baltimore MD.
    Background: Multiple definitions are used to characterize orthostatic hypotension (OH), but the degree to which these definitions correspond with orthostatic symptoms is unknown.

    Methods: We analyzed data from AASK, a randomized trial of African Americans with hypertension and kidney disease, to characterize the relationship between OH definitions and self-reported syncope, dizziness, or light-headedness. Orthostatic changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), or heart rate (HR) were determined each visit after standing 2:45 minutes. Read More

    Real World Home Blood Pressure Variability in Over 56,000 Individuals With Nearly 17 Million Measurements.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Dec 23. Epub 2018 Dec 23.
    Scripps Translational Science Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.
    Background: Using the data from 56,365 individuals, from 185 countries, and a Nokia Health Wireless blood pressure (BP) monitor, we investigated real-world characteristics of BP variability (BPV).

    Methods: All included individuals self-measured and uploaded their BP using Bluetooth at least 20 times over a period of ≥1 month at a frequency and duration of their choosing. In total, 16,904,844 BP measurements were analyzed, with a median of 146 measurements per person (interquartile range [IQR] 73-321) over a median of 14 months (IQR 7-31). Read More

    A Dietary Pattern of Higher Fish, Egg, Milk, Nut, Vegetable and Fruit and Lower Salt Intake Correlates with the Prevalence and Control of Hypertension.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, P.R. China.
    Background: The effects of food on the prevalence and control of hypertension are unclear. We aimed to investigate whether a dietary pattern of higher fish, egg, milk, nut, vegetable and fruit consumption and lower salt intake was associated with hypertension in China.

    Methods: A total of 15,303 subjects were recruited from September 2012 to December 2014. Read More

    The Effects of eGFR Change on CVD, Renal, and Mortality Outcomes in a Hypertensive Cohort Treated With 3 Different Antihypertensive Medications.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 19. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
    Background: Impaired renal function is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. The impact of short-term renal function decline on outcomes is less well studied. The association of antihypertensive medications with the impact of short-term estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is not known. Read More

    Presence of Myocardial Damage Predicts Future Development of Hypertension in a Normotensive Japanese General Population: The Yamagata (Takahata) Study.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology, and Nephrology, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.
    Background: A modest rise in blood pressure (BP) reportedly increases cardiovascular mortality despite not reaching obvious hypertension, suggesting that target organ damages are latently induced by slight BP rising. The goal of this study was to determine whether presence of subclinical myocardial damage can predict the future development of hypertension in the normotensive general population.

    Methods And Results: The cohort study was conducted with subjects who participated in a community-based annual health check. Read More

    Brain Cytosolic Phospholipase A2α Mediates Angiotensin II-Induced Hypertension and Reactive Oxygen Species Production in Male Mice.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Tennessee HSC, Memphis, TN, United States.
    Background: Recently we reported that angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension is mediated by group IV cytosolic phospholipase A2α (cPLA2α) via production of pro-hypertensive eicosanoids. Since Ang II increases blood pressure via its action in the subfornical organ (SFO), it led us to investigate the expression and possible contribution of cPLA2α to oxidative stress and development of hypertension in this brain area.

    Methods: Adenovirus (Ad)-green fluorescence protein (GFP) cPLA2α short hairpin (sh) RNA (Ad-cPLA2α shRNA) and its control Ad-scrambled shRNA (Ad-Scr shRNA) or Ad-enhanced cyan fluorescence protein cPLA2α DNA (Ad-cPLA2α DNA) and its control Ad-GFP DNA were transduced into SFO of cPLA2α+/+ and cPLA2α-/- male mice, respectively. Read More

    Modulating role of Ang1-7 in control of blood pressure and renal function in AngII-infused hypertensive rats.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA.
    Background: Indirect evidence suggests that angiotensin 1-7 (Ang1-7) may counterbalance prohypertensive actions of angiotensin II (AngII), via activation of vascular and/or renal tubular receptors to cause vasodilation and natriuresis/diuresis. We examined if Ang1-7 would attenuate the development of hypertension, renal vasoconstriction and decreased natriuresis in AngII-infused rats and evaluated the mechanisms involved.

    Methods: AngII, alone or with Ang1-7, was infused to conscious Sprague-Dawley rats for 13 days and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and renal excretion were repeatedly determined. Read More

    Pulsatile Hemodynamics are Associated with Exercise Capacity in Patients with Exertional Dyspnea and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Cardiology Department, University Teaching Hospital Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Austria.
    Background: Pulsatile hemodynamics are associated with left ventricular filling pressures and diastolic dysfunction. We investigated their relationship with maximum workload and peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) in patients with exertional dyspnea and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF).

    Methods: Radial waveforms from tonometry were processed with a transfer function, pulse wave analysis and wave separation analysis, yielding central aortic pressures and measures of forward (amplitude of forward wave-Pf) and reflected waves (Augmentation Index-AIx, Augmentation Pressure-AP, amplitude of backward wave-Pb) and their ratio (Reflection Magnitude-RM). Read More

    Long-Term Effects of an Intensive Lifestyle Intervention on Electrocardiographic Criteria for Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: The Look AHEAD Trial.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.
    Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy assessed by electrocardiography (ECG-LVH) is a marker of subclinical cardiac damage and a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The prevalence of ECG-LVH is increased in obesity and type 2 diabetes; however, there are no data on the long-term effects of weight loss on ECG-LVH. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an intensive lifestyle intervention reduces ECG-LVH in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. Read More

    Hypertension Control in Adults with CKD in China: Baseline Results from the Chinese Cohort Study of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE).
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Renal Division, Department of Medicine, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University.
    Background: Hypertension contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Studies on blood pressure control in CKD patients in China are limited. In this study, we aimed to describe the status of blood pressure control in Chinese CKD patients based on the first national prospective CKD cohort data. Read More

    Patient Experience With Care and Its Association With Adherence to Hypertension Medications.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb;31(3):340-345
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, USA.
    Background: Medication adherence is crucial to effective chronic disease management, yet little is known about the influence of the patient-provider interaction on medication adherence to hypertensive regimens. We aimed to examine the association between the patient's experience with care and medication adherence.

    Methods: We collected 2,128 surveys over 4 years from a convenience sample of hypertensive patients seeking care at three urban safety-net practices in upstate New York. Read More

    Spironolactone and resistant hypertension in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Dec 7. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA.
    Background: Recent evidence suggests that the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist spironolactone should be the preferred fourth line antihypertensive treatment in resistant hypertension (RHTN). Whether spironolactone improves blood pressure (BP) control in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and RHTN is unknown.

    Methods: We identified patients with RHTN, defined as baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) between 140 and 160 mmHg on 3 or more medications, in the Americas cohort of the TOPCAT trial, in which patients with HFpEF were randomized to spironolactone vs. Read More

    New Methods to Study the Microcirculation.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb;31(3):265-273
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
    Essential hypertension is associated with structural alterations in the microvessels; in particular, an increase in the media thickness to internal lumen ratio of small resistance arteries (MLR) and a reduction in capillary density have been observed. The evaluation of the morphological characteristics of small resistance arteries in humans is challenging. The gold-standard method is generally considered to be the measurement by wire or pressure micromyography of MLR of subcutaneous small vessels obtained by local biopsies. Read More

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection And Hypertension. Is There A Connection?
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Hypertension and Cardiovascular Research Clinic, Veterans Affairs and Georgetown University Medical Centers, Washington DC, USA.
    Data support that hypertension is prevalent among HIV patients contributing to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Immunodeficiency and prolonged antiretroviral treatment along with common risk factors including older age, male gender and high body mass index might conduce to greater incidence of hypertension. The purpose of this review was to summarize recent evidence of the increased cardiovascular risk in these patents linking HIV infection to hypertension. Read More

    Reproducibility of Retinal Microvascular Traits Decoded by the Singapore I Vessel Assessment Software Across the Human Age Range.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Nov 24. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Belgium.
    Background: Retinal microvascular traits predict adverse health outcomes. The Singapore I Vessel Assessment (SIVA) software improved automated post-processing of retinal photographs. In addition to microvessel caliber, it generates measures of arteriolar and venular geometry. Read More

    Unsweetening the Heart: Possible Pleiotropic Effects of SGLT2 Inhibitors on Cardio and Cerebrovascular Alterations in Resistant Hypertensive Subjects.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb;31(3):274-280
    Laboratory of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Resistant hypertension (RH) is a multifactorial disease associated with several target organ damage, such as microalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy, and arterial stiffness. These subjects have high cardiovascular complications, especially when associated with diabetes condition. Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors represent a new class of oral antidiabetic drugs that have shown positive effects in diabetics and even hypertensives subjects. Read More

    Noncoding RNAs in Cardiovascular Disease: Pathological Relevance and Emerging Role as Biomarkers and Therapeutics.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan;31(2):150-165
    Cardiovascular Research Institute (CVRI), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
    Noncoding RNAs (ncRNA) include a diverse range of functional RNA species-microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) being most studied in pathophysiology. Cardiovascular morbidity is associated with differential expression of myriad miRNAs; miR-21, miR-155, miR-126, miR-146a/b, miR-143/145, miR-223, and miR-221 are the top 9 most reported miRNAs in hypertension and atherosclerotic disease. A single miRNA may have hundreds of messenger RNA targets, which makes a full appreciation of the physiologic ramifications of such broad-ranging effects a challenge. Read More

    The Association Between Serum Activin A Levels and Hypertension in the Elderly: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb;31(3):369-374
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor-β cytokine family, has been shown to regulate blood pressure through the renin-angiotensin system. However, the relationship between activin A and blood pressure remains uncertain. Read More

    Genetic Variation in SLC8A1 Gene Involved in Blood Pressure Responses to Acute Salt Loading.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Department of Epidemiology and Health statistics, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Salt sensitivity of blood pressure (SSBP) increases the risk of cardiovascular complications, and the heritability of SSBP is about 50% in Chinese population. However, studies identifying genes involved in BP responses to acute sodium loading and diuresis shrinkage are still limited.

    Method: A total of 342 essential hypertensives from Beijing were recruited in our study. Read More

    Long-term improvement in aortic pulse wave velocity after weight loss can be predicted by white adipose tissue factors.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Department of Medicine (H7), Karolinska Institutet, C2-94, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, 141 86, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Arterial stiffness, measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV), is linked to obesity, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Short-term weight loss improves PWV, but the long-term effects are unknown. We investigated the effect of pronounced long-term weight loss on PWV and whether anthropometric/metabolic parameters and/or white adipose tissue (WAT) phenotype could predict this change in PWV. Read More

    Microvascular Adaptations to Exercise: Protective Effect of PGC-1 Alpha.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Jan;31(2):240-246
    Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.
    Background: Sedentary behavior and obesity are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Regular physical activity has independent protective effects on the cardiovascular system, but the mechanisms responsible remain elusive. Recent studies suggest that the protein peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) participates in the response to exercise training. Read More

    Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 and Receptor Contribute Genetic Susceptibility to Hypertension in a Han Chinese Population.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Nov 6. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
    Background: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) have been suggested to mediate the pathophysiological response to elevated blood pressure. This study aims to evaluate the association of IGF-1 and IGF-1R with hypertension.

    Methods: Overall, 2012 hypertensive cases and 2210 controls were included in a case-control study, and ten tagSNPs were selected. Read More

    The Impact of Intradialytic Pedaling Exercise on Arterial Stiffness: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in a Hemodialysis Population.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Nov 6. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Objectives: Regular exercise is known to reduce arterial stiffness (AS) in hemodialysis patients. However, the impact of a more realistic intradialytic form of exercise, such as pedaling, is unclear. We aimed to examine 1) the effect of intradialytic pedaling exercise on AS over 4 months, and 2) the longer-term effect of pedaling on AS 4 months after exercise cessation. Read More

    Identification of the Optimal Protocol for Automated Office Blood Pressure Measurement Among Patients With Treated Hypertension.
    Am J Hypertens 2018 Feb;31(3):299-304
    Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Australia.
    Background: Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) involving repeated, unobserved blood pressure (BP) readings during one clinic visit is recommended for in-office diagnosis and assessment of hypertension. However, the optimal AOBP protocol to determine BP control in the least amount of time with the fewest BP readings is yet to be determined and was the aim of this study.

    Methods: One hundred and eighty-nine patients (mean age 62. Read More

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