337,708 results match your criteria American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council[Journal]


[Reconstruction of neglected Achilles tendon rupture: flexor hallucis longus transfer versus gastrocnemius turn-down flaps].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):542-546

Institute of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

To compare the outcome of either flexor hallucis longus transfer or turn-down of proximal Achilles tendon tissue repair in treating chronic Achilles tendon rupture. The clinical data of 21 patients who underwent repair of Myerson type Ⅲ chronic Achilles tendon rupture at Peking University Sports Medicine Research Institute from May 2012 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 11 cases were treated with flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer, and 10 cases were treated with gastrocnemius turn-down flaps repair. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.013DOI Listing
February 2019

A Nationwide Analysis of Preoperative Planning on Operative Times and Postoperative Complications in Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Knee Surg 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, Northwell Health, New York, New York.

Compared with nonelective total knee arthroplasties (TKAs), elective procedures have more time for preoperative planning, which allows for potentially improved patient optimization, risk factor modification, and patient education. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine nationwide trends in operative times and (2) evaluate associations between surgery type, elective or nonelective, with respect to (a) operative times, (b) length of stay (LOS), (c) discharge dispositions, (d) 30-day postoperative complications, (e) reoperations, and (f) readmissions. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried for all primary TKAs performed between 2011 and 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677790DOI Listing
February 2019

Maternal Outcomes by Race during Postpartum Readmissions.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Background: Maternal race may be an important risk factor for postpartum readmissions and associated adverse outcomes.

Objective: To determine the association of race with serious complications during postpartum readmissions.

Study Design: This repeated cross sectional analysis utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2012 to 2014. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts.

BJOG 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact.

Design: Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts.

Setting: Europe, North America and Oceania. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15661DOI Listing
February 2019

Maternal Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 6 (Trpv6) Is Involved In Offspring Bone Development.

J Bone Miner Res 2019 Feb 20:e3646. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Pharmacology and Toxicology, Center for Molecular Signaling (PZMS), Saarland University School of Medicine, Homburg, Germany.

Embryonic growth and bone development depend on placental Ca transport across the feto-maternal barrier to supply minerals to the fetus. The individual factors and cellular mechanisms that regulate placental Ca transfer, however, are only beginning to emerge. We find that the Ca -selective transient receptor potential vanilloid 6 (TRPV6) channel is expressed in trophoblasts of the fetal labyrinth, in the yolk sac, and in the maternal part of the placenta. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3646DOI Listing
February 2019

Reevaluating the initial impact of John Broadus Watson on American psychology: The necessity of comparative parameters.

J Hist Behav Sci 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Behavioral Theory and Research (CNTP) and Graduate Program in Behavioral Theory and Research (PPGTPC), Federal University of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.

In recent decades, various studies have challenged the traditional view that John Broadus Watson's Behaviorist Manifesto prompted a psychological revolution. However, methodological hindrances underlie all these attempts to evaluate the impact of Watson's study, such as the absence of comparative parameters. This article remedies this problem by conducting a comparative citation analysis involving Watson and eight other representative psychologists of the time: J. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbs.21962DOI Listing
February 2019

Mark Twain's life-long fascination with phrenology.

Authors:
Stanley Finger

J Hist Behav Sci 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Program in History of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain; 1835-1910), American humorist and writer, followed scientific and medical developments, and relished exposing questionable practices and ideas. In his youth, he pondered how phrenologists were assessing character, and in 1855 he copied sections of a phrenology book and a skull diagram into a notebook. Later, in London, he had two phrenological examinations by Lorenzo Fowler-one without and the other after identifying himself. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbs.21960DOI Listing
February 2019

Minimizing the burden of cancer in the United States: Goals for a high-performing health care system.

CA Cancer J Clin 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Chief Medical and Scientific Officer and Executive Vice President-Research, American Cancer Society Inc, Atlanta, GA.

Between 1991 and 2015, the cancer mortality rate declined dramatically in the United States, reflecting improvements in cancer prevention, screening, treatment, and survivorship care. However, cancer outcomes in the United States vary substantially between populations defined by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, health insurance coverage, and geographic area of residence. Many potentially preventable cancer deaths occur in individuals who did not receive effective cancer prevention, screening, treatment, or survivorship care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3322/caac.21556DOI Listing
February 2019

[Mental health laws and the psychiatric reform in Latin America: Multiple paths to its implementation].

Vertex 2018 Sep;XXIX(141):334-345

Proyecto Suma.

This paper describes and analyzes the psychiatric reform process in three Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile and Colombia) based on the Caracas Declaration of 1990. It compares the psychiatric reform processes in these three countries and highlights the role of national mental health laws in these processes. Our goal when investigating the experiences in other countries of Latin America is to draw conclusions for the Argentine psychiatric reform and for the future of such reforms in the region. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2018

Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains isolated from livestock workers and cattle in Nigeria.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211637. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Molecular typing techniques are useful in understanding tuberculosis epidemiology; yet, they have been under-utilised at the human-animal interface in Nigeria. Sixty-four Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates including 42 M. tuberculosis, 13 M. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211637PLOS
February 2019

Diagnostic and Management Options of Osteoblastoma in the Spine.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Feb 20;25:1362-1372. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Bone and Musculoskeletal Tumor Center, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Osteoblastoma is a rare, benign, osteolytic neoplasm commonly found in the spine in early adulthood. Here, we review the clinical characteristics, radiographic findings, and surgical management of patients with spinal osteoblastoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirteen patients with osteoblastoma who underwent surgery at our institute from June 2008 to November 2017 were enrolled in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.913666DOI Listing
February 2019

A Multilevel Intervention With African American Churches to Enhance Adoption of Point-of-Care HIV and Diabetes Testing, 2014-2018.

Am J Public Health 2019 Feb;109(S2):S141-S144

Gina M. Wingood is with the Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY. Danielle Lambert and Tiffaney Renfro are with the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Mohammed Ali is with the Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health and the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Emory University. Ralph Joseph DiClemente is with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Global Public Health, New York University, New York. Gina M. Wingood is also a Guest Editor for this supplement issue.

We describe a multilevel intervention to enhance adoption of point-of-care HIV and diabetes testing at church health fairs in Atlanta, Georgia. Church leaders viewed a leadership video and subsequently conducted social activities that support testing. After the multilevel intervention, a third of churches hosted HIV and diabetes health fairs, and church leaders engaged in more social activities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304990DOI Listing
February 2019

Student and new graduate perception of hospital versus institutional clinic for clinical educational experience.

J Chiropr Educ 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Objective:: To explore final-year students and new graduates from 2 North American chiropractic colleges regarding perceptions of the clinical educational experience in a hospital vs the institutional clinical setting.

Methods:: A qualitative exploratory descriptive design was used for this research. Students and new graduates were invited to participate from a United States and Canadian chiropractic college. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7899/JCE-18-13DOI Listing
February 2019

Comment on the consensus report on the management of hyperglycaemia in Type 2 diabetes by the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.

Diabet Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

We read with interest the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) joint consensus report on the management of hyperglycaemia in Type 2 diabetes. Following publication of the report, discussions of the content among networks of behavioural and educational researchers prompted us to write this letter. This consensus report is to be commended for recommending that 'providers and health care systems should prioritize the delivery of patient-centered care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.13934DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of Access to Hospitals Most Ready to Achieve National Accreditation for Rectal Cancer Treatment.

JAMA Surg 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Healthcare Outcomes and Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Importance: The American College of Surgeons National Accreditation Program for Rectal Cancer (NAPRC) promotes multidisciplinary care to improve oncologic outcomes in rectal cancer. However, accreditation requirements may be difficult to achieve for the lowest-performing institutions. Thus, it is unknown whether the NAPRC will motivate care improvement in these settings or widen disparities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5521DOI Listing
February 2019

The Future of Registries in the Era of Real-world Evidence for Medical Devices.

JAMA Cardiol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamacardio.2018.4933DOI Listing
February 2019

Temporal and spatial distribution of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in north Paraná: 2010-2015.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Feb 14;52:e20180119. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Departamento de Ciências Patológicas, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, PR, Brasil.

Introduction: Describing the general aspects of American tegumentary leishmaniasis enables the identification of the epidemiological scenario of the disease and the development of preventive actions.

Methods: We analyzed the records of patients with American tegumentary leishmaniasis in north Paraná between 2010 and 2015.

Results: We identified 108 cases (mostly in 2014) with the following characteristics: male individuals, rural workers, and ages averaging 56. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0119-2018DOI Listing
February 2019

The Annual American Men's Internet Survey of Behaviors of Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States: 2016 Key Indicators Report.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2019 Feb 20;5(1):e11313. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

The American Men's Internet Survey (AMIS) is an annual Web-based behavioral survey of men who have sex with men (MSM) living in the United States. This Rapid Surveillance Report describes the fourth cycle of data collection (September 2016 through February 2017; AMIS 2016). The key indicators are the same as previously reported for AMIS (December 2013 through May 2014, AMIS 2013; November 2014 through April 2015, AMIS 2014; and September 2015 through April 2016, AMIS 2015). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11313DOI Listing
February 2019

The State of the Evidence for Whole-System, Multi-Modality Naturopathic Medicine: A Systematic Scoping Review.

J Altern Complement Med 2019 Feb;25(2):141-168

1 National Centre for Naturopathic Medicine, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.

Objective: To summarize the current state of the research evidence for whole-system, multi-modality naturopathic medicine.

Design: A systematic search for research articles from around the world was undertaken using MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, AMED, and WHO regional indexes. Naturopathic journals and gray literature were hand searched. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2018.0340DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-Effectiveness of Mitral Valve Repair Versus Replacement for Severe Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: A Randomized Clinical Trial From the Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network

Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2018 Nov 14;11(11):13. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Background: The CTSN (Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network) recently reported no difference in left ventricular end-systolic volume index or in survival at 2 years between patients with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) randomized to mitral valve repair or replacement. However, replacement provided more durable correction of MR and fewer cardiovascular readmissions. Yet, costeffectiveness outcomes have not been addressed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018

Persistent Low-Level Viremia while on Antiretroviral Therapy is an Independent Risk Factor for Virologic Failure.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Infectious Disease Clinical Research Program, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland.

Background: Whether persistent low level viremia (pLLV) predicts virologic failure (VF) is unclear. We used data from the U.S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz129DOI Listing
February 2019

Integrated analysis of the prognostic value of TP53 dependent etoposide-induced gene 24 in non-small cell lung cancer.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Feb 18;112:108590. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Tumor Biomarker Development, California Cancer Institute, Sino-American Cancer Foundation, 4978 Santa Anita Ave., Temple City, CA, 91007, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Etoposide-induced gene 24 (EI24) is an induction target of TP53-mediated apoptosis in human cancer cells. The hypothesis of this study is that EI24 might be a prognostic biomarker of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC).

Material And Methods: Fourteen gene expression NSCLC datasets with follow-up information (a total of 2582 accessible cases) were collected from Asia, Europe and North America. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2019.01.051DOI Listing
February 2019

Novel prenyloxy chalcones as potential leishmanicidal and trypanocidal agents: Design, synthesis and evaluation.

Eur J Med Chem 2019 Feb 12;167:402-413. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Circuito Universitario, Campus Universitario, Apartado Postal 669, Chihuahua, Chih., Mexico. Electronic address:

The available drugs for treating Leishmaniasis and American trypanosomiasis have high toxicity and multiple side effects, among other problems. More effective and less toxic treatments are urgently needed. A series of chalcones that contained a prenyloxy or geranyloxy substituent was synthesized and characterized. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.02.028DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with completing evidence-based psychotherapy for PTSD among veterans in a national healthcare system.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Feb 11;274:112-128. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Mental Health Service, White River Junction VA Medical Center, and National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Executive Division, White River Junction, VT, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, USA.

Little is known about predictors of initiation and completion of evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with most data coming from small cohort studies and post-hoc analyses of clinical trials. We examined patient and treatment factors associated with initiation and completion of EBP for PTSD in a large longitudinal cohort. We conducted a national, retrospective cohort study of all Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans who had a post-deployment PTSD diagnosis from 10/01-9/15 at a Veterans Health Administration facility and had at least one coded post-deployment psychotherapy visit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781183169
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.027DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Higher Annual Operator Volume Is Associated With Better Reperfusion Rates in Stroke Patients Treated by Mechanical Thrombectomy: The ETIS Registry.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2019 Feb;12(4):385-391

Department of Neurology and Stroke Center, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, Versailles, France; Versailles Saint-Quentin en Yvelines and Paris Saclay University, Versailles, France; INSERM LVTS (Laboratory for Vascular Translational Science)-1148, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether individual operator characteristics have an impact on reperfusion and procedural complication rates.

Background: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is a Level IA treatment in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. The operator's effect has been found to be an independent predictor for clinical outcome and technical performance in interventional cardiology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19368798183243
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Does Not Affect 1-Year Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2019 Feb;12(4):373-382

Brigham and Women's Hospital Heart and Vascular Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between pre-procedural left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) patterns and clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Background: The association between pre-procedural LVH pattern and severity and clinical outcomes after TAVR is uncertain.

Methods: Patients (n = 31,199) across 422 sites who underwent TAVR from November 2011 through June 2016 as part of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapies) Registry linked with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services database were evaluated by varying LVH patterns, according to sex-specific cutoffs for left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2018.11.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Sinus Tarsi Approach with Subcutaneously Delivered Plate Fixation for Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2019 Apr 24;36(2):225-231. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Kaiser Permanente Santa Clara and GSAA, 710 Lawrence Expressway, Department 140, Santa Clara, CA 95051, USA.

Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures can be treated with open reduction and internal fixation through various methods, including the extensile lateral approach, sinus tarsi approach, percutaneous reduction and fixation, external fixation, and calcaneoplasty. Although the gold standard is the extensile lateral approach, this method has significant wound-healing complications associated with it. Literature shows that the reduction achieved through minimally invasive techniques is equal to that achieved with the extensile lateral approach, while reducing the amount of postoperative complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpm.2018.10.005DOI Listing

Cognitive deficits in problematic internet use: meta-analysis of 40 studies.

Br J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry,University of Cambridge; andPeterborough NHS Foundation Trust,Cambridge,UK.

Background: Excessive use of the internet is increasingly recognised as a global public health concern. Individual studies have reported cognitive impairment in problematic internet use (PIU), but have suffered from various methodological limitations. Confirmation of cognitive deficits in PIU would support the neurobiological plausibility of this disorder. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.3DOI Listing
February 2019

Patient-reported minor adverse events after colonoscopy: a systematic review.

Acta Oncol 2019 Feb 20:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a The Department of Surgery , Odense University Hospital , Denmark.

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the incidence and nature of minor adverse events (MAEs) after colonoscopy, and response rates to questionnaires concerning MAEs in patients undergoing colonoscopy.

Materials And Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed and Embase. Predictor variables were patient-reported MAEs after colonoscopy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2019.1574979DOI Listing
February 2019

Fungal Translocation is Associated with Immune Activation and Systemic Inflammation in Treated HIV.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Case Western Reserve University , 11100 Euclid AVe , Cleveland, Ohio, United States , 44106 ;

Background: The mechanisms causing HIV-associated immune activation remain incompletely understood. Alteration of intestinal integrity with subsequent translocation of bacterial products appears to play an important role; however, little is known about the impact of fungal translocation. We assessed the effect of fungal translocation and its association with immune activation in people living with HIV (PLWH) compared to uninfected controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/AID.2018.0252DOI Listing
February 2019

Nanostructured lipid carriers incorporating prickly pear seed oil for the encapsulation of vitamin A.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Chemistry, The American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) are dispersions synthesized by replacing liquid lipid in an o/w emulsion with solid lipids. Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) improve on some of the major limitations of the SLNs as NLCs use liquid lipids along with crystalline solid fatty acids to build the core.

Aims: This work aims to investigate the potential advantage of using Prickly Pear (PP) seed oil to develop NLCs for topical delivery of vitamin A. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12891DOI Listing
February 2019

Amino acid status in dogs with protein-losing nephropathy.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Center for Biostatistics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Proteinuria in dogs with kidney disease can contribute to protein-energy wasting and malnutrition. Little is known about amino acid (AA) status in dogs with protein-losing nephropathy (PLN).

Objectives: The purpose of our study was to further elucidate AA status in PLN dogs, with the hypothesis that PLN dogs would have altered AA status as compared to healthy dogs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15436DOI Listing
February 2019

American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery Abstracts.

Authors:

Lasers Surg Med 2019 Feb;51(S30):S4-S59

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lsm.23059
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lsm.23059DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Assessing subsistence and its relationship to cultural complexity in the late prehistoric upper Midwest: A new perspective provided by dental health.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Religious Studies and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Oshkosh, Wisconsin.

Objective: Previous researchers have assumed that the Late Prehistoric Oneota were less reliant on maize agriculture than their Middle Mississippian neighbors to the south. This assumption is based on the idea that intensive maize agriculture is related to sociopolitical complexity, and that the climate of the Great Lakes region was less conducive to full-scale agriculture than that of the American Bottom. Here, we assess the diet of the Oneota using dental pathology to test the hypothesis that the Oneota in Eastern Wisconsin were highly reliant on maize agriculture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23794DOI Listing
February 2019

Interrater agreement between American and Chinese sleep centers according to the 2014 AASM standard.

Sleep Breath 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering and Research Institute, Beihang University, Shenzhen, China.

Objectives: To determine inter-lab reliability in sleep stage scoring using the 2014 American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) manual. To understand in-depth reasons for disagreement and provide suggestions for improvement.

Methods: This study consisted of 40 all-night polysomnographys (PSGs) from different samples. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-019-01801-xDOI Listing
February 2019

ASO Author Reflections: Breast Center Accreditation and Performance: Impact on Patient Care?

Ann Surg Oncol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

The Data Working Group, National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers, American College of Surgeons, Chicago, IL, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-019-07246-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Position Paper From the Association of Pathology Chairs: Surgical Pathology Residency Training.

Acad Pathol 2019 Jan-Dec;6:2374289518824054. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Northshore University Health System, Evanston, IL, USA.

Training in surgical pathology specimen dissection and microscopic diagnosis is an integral part of pathology residency training, as surgical pathology is one of the defining activities of most pathologists. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Pathology policies delineate guidelines and requirements for residency training. Both the ACGME and ABP require that residents are ready for "independent practice" upon completion of training (ACGME) and for board eligibility (ABP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2374289518824054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365987PMC
February 2019

Immune checkpoint inhibitors: Advances and impact in neuro-oncology.

Surg Neurol Int 2019 25;10. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neuroscience Research Center, Faculty of Medical Science, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_366_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367947PMC
January 2019

Lifestyle Medicine: The Health Promoting Power of Daily Habits and Practices.

Authors:
James M Rippe

Am J Lifestyle Med 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):499-512. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Rippe Lifestyle Institute, Shrewsbury, Massachusetts.

There is no longer any serious doubt that daily habits and actions profoundly affect both short-term and long-term health and quality of life. This concept is supported by literally thousands of research articles and incorporated in multiple evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and/or treatment of chronic metabolic diseases. The study of how habits and actions affect both prevention and treatment of diseases has coalesced around the concept of "lifestyle medicine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827618785554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367881PMC

Nurturing the Seeds of Change: Strengthening the Lifestyle Medicine Movement With the .

Am J Lifestyle Med 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):476-478. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas (PAJ).

Student-led Lifestyle Medicine Interest Groups (LMIGs) empower the next generation of healthcare professionals to tackle the pandemic of lifestyle-related chronic diseases and provide important pathways to increasing the visibility of Lifestyle Medicine (LM) in health professions schools. Each year, the Donald A. Pegg Student Leadership Award offers four allied health students a seed grant to start or support LMIGs at their schools as well as financial assistance to attend the annual American College of Lifestyle Medicine (ACLM) conference. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827618789354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367882PMC

Advancing Health Equity With Lifestyle Medicine.

Authors:
Jennifer Rooke

Am J Lifestyle Med 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):472-475. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

The Optimal Health and Wellness Clinic of Morehouse Healthcare seeks to advance health equity by providing lifestyle medicine services to its predominantly African American patient population. Health equity means eliminating health disparities by providing services that meet the needs of the population served. African Americans have a higher burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes than other American ethnic groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827618780680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367876PMC

Who benefits more in osteoporotic fractures: Pedicle screw instrumentation or kyphoplasty for American Society of Anesthesiologists II/III patients?

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):232-237

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Purpose: Osteoporotc fractures with posterior wall injury are commonly treated with a pedicle srcrew instrumentation (PSI) or a ballonkyphoplasty (BKP). A predictor for complications for these patients is the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class. Clinical results in ASA II/III patients who underwent BKP and PSI due to OF were evaluated to find the optimal treatment regimen. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_55_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364364PMC
February 2019

Origin and expansion of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Madeira Island (Portugal).

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 19;9(1):2241. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Global Health and Tropical Medicine, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Historically known as the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti invaded Madeira Island in 2005 and was the vector of the island's first dengue outbreak in 2012. We have studied genetic variation at 16 microsatellites and two mitochondrial DNA genes in temporal samples of Madeira Island, in order to assess the origin of the invasion and the population structure of this mosquito vector. Our results indicated at least two independent colonization events occurred on the island, both having a South American source population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38373-xDOI Listing
February 2019

The China Patient-centred Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) prospective heart failure study design.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025144. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

National Clinical Research Center of Cardiovascular Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Introduction: China faces the prospect of a large growth in the prevalence of heart failure (HF). However, there is limited knowledge about outcomes in patients after HF hospitalisations, including patient-reported outcomes (PROs). This paper is to present the study goal, methodology and data collection of the China Patient-centred Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events Prospective Heart Failure Study (China PEACE 5p-HF Study). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025144DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of a specific training programme on the neuromodulation of pain in female patient with fibromyalgia (DouFiSport): a 24-month, controlled, randomised, double-blind protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 25;9(1):e023742. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

LIEN, EA4685, University of Western Brittany (UBO), Brest, France.

Introduction: The main symptom of fibromyalgia (FM) is diffuse pain. There is currently no aetiological treatment for FM. However, all pain associations and best practice guidelines strongly advocate the practice of aerobic physical activity to improve the symptoms of FM subjects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023742DOI Listing
January 2019

Development and validation protocol for an instrument to measure household water insecurity across cultures and ecologies: the Household Water InSecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 17;9(1):e023558. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.

Introduction: A wide range of water-related problems contribute to the global burden of disease. Despite the many plausible consequences for health and well-being, there is no validated tool to measure individual- or household-level water insecurity equivalently across varying cultural and ecological settings. Accordingly, we are developing the Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale to measure household-level water insecurity in multiple contexts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023558DOI Listing
January 2019

Developing a Clinical Pathway for Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders in Pediatric Hospital Settings.

Hosp Pediatr 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Somatic symptom and related disorders (SSRDs) are commonly encountered in pediatric hospital settings. There is, however, a lack of standardization of care across institutions for youth with these disorders. These patients are diagnostically and psychosocially complex, posing significant challenges for medical and behavioral health care providers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2018-0205DOI Listing
February 2019

Income inequality and firearm homicide in the US: a county-level cohort study.

Inj Prev 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Objective: Income inequality has been rising in the US and thought to be associated with violence especially homicide. About 75% of homicides involve firearms. We quantified the association between county-level income inequality and all-race/ethnicity and race/ethnicity-specific firearm homicide rates among individuals aged 14-39 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-043080DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read