337,457 results match your criteria American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists[Journal]


Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Process Measures.

Ann Intern Med 2019 Feb;170(4):284

American Board of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (B.G., J.V., R.L.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/L18-0636DOI Listing
February 2019

Women's Health Policy in the United States.

Ann Intern Med 2019 Feb;170(4):281-282

Texas Medical Home Initiative, Dallas, Texas (S.S.B.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/L18-0628DOI Listing
February 2019

County-level socioeconomic and crime risk factors for substantiated child abuse and neglect.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 15;90:127-138. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, United States.

Rates of substantiated child abuse and neglect vary significantly across counties. Despite strong cross-sectional support for links between social-contextual characteristics and abuse and neglect, few longitudinal studies have tested relations between these risk factors and substantiated rates of abuse/neglect. The goal of this study was to identify county-level socioeconomic and crime factors associated with substantiated abuse/neglect rates over 13 years (2004-2016). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Rapid discrimination of fungal strains isolated from human skin based on microbial volatile organic profiles.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2019 Feb 10;1110-1111:9-14. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Chemistry, State University of Maringá (UEM), Ave. Colombo 5790, Maringá, PR 87020-900, Brazil; Program of Master in Science, Technology and Food Safety, Cesumar Institute of Science, Technology and Innovation (ICETI), University Center of Maringá - (UNICESUMAR), Av. Guedner, 1610, Maringá, PR 87050-900, Brazil.

Studies of the microbiota of human skin have gained attention mainly because of its high complexity. Volatile metabolites that emerge from the microbiota play a significant role in fungus metabolism, acting on fungal development, defense, and protection against stress, communication, and pathogenicity. The present study evaluated volatile organic profiles, based on headspace-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Parental age and the risk of childhood acute myeloid leukemia: results from the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium.

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15;59:158-165. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Parental age has been associated with several childhood cancers, albeit the evidence is still inconsistent.

Aim: To examine the associations of parental age at birth with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) among children aged 0-14 years using individual-level data from the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium (CLIC) and non-CLIC studies.

Material/methods: We analyzed data of 3182 incident AML cases and 8377 controls from 17 studies [seven registry-based case-control (RCC) studies and ten questionnaire-based case-control (QCC) studies]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.01.022DOI Listing
February 2019

Race/ethnicity does not moderate the relationship between adverse life experiences and temporal summation of the nociceptive flexion reflex and pain: Results from the Oklahoma Study of Native American Pain Risk (OK-SNAP).

J Pain 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa OK. Electronic address:

Adverse life experiences (ALEs) are associated with hyperalgesia and chronic pain, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. One potential mechanism is hyperexcitability of spinal neurons (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Geoepidemiology of Sjögren's syndrome in Latin America.

Joint Bone Spine 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Autoimmune Diseases Research (CREA), School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, Colombia. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the geoepidemiology of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in Latin America.

Methods: This was a three phase study in which original data from a Colombian cohort of patients with SS is presented, followed by a systematic review of Colombian and Latin American studies. Lastly, the geoepidemiology of SS in Latin America was assessed by comparing the clinical characteristics of the region with those of the rest of the world by means of a meta-analysis approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbspin.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Comment re Dear Dr. Dermatoethicist: Exam of the Future or Exam of Future Cheating?

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

President, American Board of Dermatology.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.01.088DOI Listing
February 2019

Dynamic Fixation Versus Static Fixation for Distal Tibiofibular Syndesmosis Injuries: A Meta-Analysis.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Feb 18;25:1314-1322. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Ankle sprains with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injuries (DTSIs) require anatomic reduction and fixation to restore the normal biomechanics of the ankle joint. In the last decade, dynamic fixation (DF) for DTSIs using a suture-button device has gained popularity because of its advantages over static fixation (SF). MATERIAL AND METHODS The present meta-analysis was conducted to compare clinical outcomes between DF and SF of DTSIs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.913324DOI Listing
February 2019

T-VEC in advanced Melanoma - Complete response in a heart and kidney transplant patient: A case report.

Br J Dermatol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Departments of 1Dermatology and 2Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) is a intralesional oncolytic virotherapy, licensed in the European Union (EU) for locoregional advanced melanoma of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stages IIIB, IIIC and IVM1a. Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are so far excluded from all clinical trials dealing with immunotherapies due to the risk of transplant rejection. A 58-year-old caucasian male with a history of a heart and kidney transplantation in 2014 was diagnosed with melanoma (Breslow thickness of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.17783DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of Primary Care Physician Supply With Population Mortality in the United States, 2005-2015.

JAMA Intern Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Center for Primary Care, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Recent US health care reforms incentivize improved population health outcomes and primary care functions. It remains unclear how much improving primary care physician supply can improve population health, independent of other health care and socioeconomic factors.

Objectives: To identify primary care physician supply changes across US counties from 2005-2015 and associations between such changes and population mortality. Read More

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http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7624DOI Listing
February 2019
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Evidence-Based Medicine and the American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guidelines.

JAMA Intern Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7461DOI Listing
February 2019

The Alz-tau Biomarker for Alzheimer's Disease: Study in a Caucasian Population.

J Alzheimers Dis 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Laboratory of Neuroscience, International Center for Biomedicine (ICC) and Faculty of Sciences, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.

The establishment of a molecular biomarker for early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is critical for diagnosis and follow up of patients, and as a quantitative parameter in the evaluation of potential new drugs to control AD. A list of blood biomarkers has been reported but none has been validated for the Alzheimer's clinic. The changes in hyperphosphorylated tau and amyloid peptide in the cerebrospinal fluid is currently used as a tool in the clinics and for research purposes, but this method is highly invasive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-180637DOI Listing
February 2019

A Step toward Understanding Diet Quality in Urban African-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Baseline Data from the Moving Forward Study.

Nutr Cancer 2019 Feb 18:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

e Department of Medicine , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin , USA.

Purpose: Little is known about the dietary behaviors of African-American breast cancer survivors (AABCS). We sought to describe dietary intake and quality in AABCS and examine associations with demographic, social, lifestyle, and body composition factors to potentially inform the development of effective dietary interventions.

Methods: Baseline data from a prospective weight loss trial of 210 AABCS were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2018.1557217DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of American Joint Committee on Cancer Eighth Edition clinical stage and smoking history on oncologic outcomes in human papillomavirus-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Head Neck 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the AJCC eighth edition clinical staging system for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and to further understand how clinical stage and smoking history affect oncologic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to present the understanding of how clinical stage and smoking history affect oncologic outcomes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is critical for selecting patients for treatment deintensification.

Methods: Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression were used to evaluate overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), and distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25336DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for high- and medium-risk probationers.

Behav Sci Law 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

19th Circuit Court of Illinois, Waukegan, IL, USA.

Reducing recidivism is a central goal of treatment programs for offenders. Preliminary evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral group interventions based on the National Institute of Corrections curriculum (Bush, Glick, & Taymans, ) may be effective in reducing recidivism rates among adult probationers. We evaluated the effectiveness of a program based on this curriculum among 167 high- and medium-risk probationers assigned to this program and a comparison group of 120 high- and medium-risk probationers matched on age and number of prior criminal charges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2394DOI Listing
February 2019

Cyclophosphamide-induced testicular toxicity ameliorate by treatment: An experimental study.

Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd) 2018 Nov;16(11):711-718

Solid Tumor Research Center Urmia . University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Background: Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the most invasive chemotherapeutic agents, which used commonly despite of its wide spectrum toxicity. Clinical evidence showed toxic side effects of CP in multiple organ systems.

Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of on CP-induced testicular toxicity in rats. Read More

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November 2018

Depressive Symptoms Associate With Race and All-Cause Mortality in Patients With CKD.

Kidney Int Rep 2019 Feb 9;4(2):222-230. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Division of Nephrology, University of California, San Francisco; San Francisco, California, USA.

Introduction: Depression is common but underrecognized in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially among racial/ethnic minorities. We examined the association between depressive symptoms and all-cause mortality (including deaths before and after end-stage renal disease [ESRD]) and whether antidepressant use impacts this association, overall, and by race/ethnicity.

Methods: We ascertained whether the presence of depressive symptoms, defined by a Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI) score of >14 at cohort enrollment, was associated with all-cause mortality (before or after ESRD) among study participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficient Cohort (CRIC) overall and by race/ethnicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365404PMC
February 2019

Mortality and Exacerbations by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease Groups ABCD: 2011 Versus 2017 in the COPDGene® Cohort.

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis 2019 Jan 10;6(1):64-73. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

The Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) ABCD groupings were recently modified. The GOLD 2011 guidelines defined increased risk as forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV) < 50% predicted or ≥ 2 outpatient or ≥ 1 hospitalized exacerbation in the prior year, whereas the GOLD 2017 guidelines use only exacerbation history. We compared mortality and exacerbation rates in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD Study cohort (COPDGene) by 2011 (exacerbation history/FEV and dyspnea) versus 2017 (exacerbations and dyspnea) classifications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.6.1.2018.0130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373581PMC
January 2019

Contact Sports as a Risk Factor for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Systematic Review.

Global Spine J 2019 Feb 31;9(1):104-118. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.

Study Design: Systematic review.

Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, ultimately resulting in paralysis and death. The condition is considered to be caused by a complex interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568218813916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362556PMC
February 2019

Discordant financial conflicts of interest disclosures between clinical trial conference abstract and subsequent publication.

PeerJ 2019 11;7:e6423. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) are known to be prevalent in medicine. Authorship of pivotal trials reap non-financial benefits including publication productivity that can be used for assessment of tenure positions and promotion. The purpose of this investigation was to quantify the prevalence and discordance of academic trial author (authors) FCOI in industry-sponsored drug trials that were initially presented as oral abstracts and subsequently resulted in a peer-reviewed publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375255PMC
February 2019

Arthroscopic Iliopsoas Fractional Lengthening.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2018 Dec 28;8(4):e30. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

American Hip Institute, Westmont, Illinois.

Background: Iliopsoas fractional lengthening (IFL) is performed on patients with symptomatic internal snapping. This condition is defined as painful and sometimes audible snapping of the iliopsoas (IP) tendon over the femoral head or iliopectineal line. Arthroscopic IFL is performed if the snapping is unresponsive to conservative treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.ST.18.00020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358333PMC
December 2018

Reduced plasma albumin predicts type 2 diabetes and is associated with greater adipose tissue macrophage content and activation.

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2019 7;11:14. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

1Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, 4212N. 16th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85016 USA.

Background: Plasma albumin is reduced during inflammation. Obesity, a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), is associated with adipose tissue inflammation. However, whether albumin is associated with adipose tissue inflammation and whether it predicts T2D are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13098-019-0409-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367730PMC
February 2019

Homework and Academic Achievement in Latin America: A Multilevel Approach.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:95. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.

The relationship between homework and academic results has been widely researched. Most of that research has used English-speaking, European or Asian samples, and to date there have been no detailed studies into that relationship in Latin America and the Caribbean. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of quantitative homework characteristics on achievement in science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367234PMC
February 2019

Self-Efficacy, Religiosity, and Crime: Profiles of African American Youth in Urban Housing Communities.

Vict Offender 2018 10;13(1):84-101. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

School of Social Work, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Youth reporting independently elevated levels of religiosity and self-efficacy tend to abstain from externalizing behavior. However, little is known about the ways in which religiosity and self-efficacy interrelate to impact youth externalizing. Drawing from a sample of African American youth from public housing communities (N = 236), we use latent profile analysis to identify subtypes of youth based on self-reported religiosity and self-efficacy and, in turn, examine links with crime. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15564886.2016.1268986DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377159PMC
January 2017

They tell us "we don't belong in the world and we shouldn't take up a place": HIV discourse within two-spirit communities.

J Ethn Cult Divers Soc Work 2018 13;27(2):107-123. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Indigenous Wellness Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Objectives: We investigated how HIV discourse is negotiated and given meaning in the lives of young, male two-spirit leaders, when considering their communities' and their own health and wellness. These menare also unique in that they have always lived under the specter and dominant discourse of HIV, that is, they are part of a second generation since the time of HIV/AIDS.

Methods: We conducted a Discourse Analysis of six qualitative interviews from the HONOR Project, a multi-site, mixed-methods study of the two-spirit community across the United States, foregrounding the relationships amongst trauma, coping, and health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15313204.2017.1362616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377155PMC
September 2017

Synchronous bilateral renal cell carcinomas in "Asynchrony of metabolism".

World J Nucl Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):63-65

Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Basavatarakam Indo-American Cancer Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Here, we present a case of bilateral synchronous renal cell carcinoma in a 52-year-old male patient, who underwent fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) scan followed by surgical removal of both tumors. On PET scan, left renal mass showed intense FDG uptake while uptake in the right renal mass was minimal. Histopathologically, both tumors were conventional clear cell carcinoma (Fuhrman Grade III). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_5_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357702PMC
February 2019

Analysis of the most common causes of blood donor deferral in northern Jeddah: a single-center study.

J Blood Med 2019 23;10:47-51. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Intensive Care, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: We aimed to conduct a retrospective study in order to statistically analyze the commonest causes for blood donor rejection in northern Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia according to the American Association of Blood Banks. This will help in developing better strategies to minimize the loss of treasured blood donors.

Subjects And Methods: A sample of 500 rejected donors was randomly selected from a single blood bank between October 2016 to May 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JBM.S178822DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350651PMC
January 2019

Effect of kiwifruit on metabolic health in patients with cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2019 23;12:171-180. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Kiwifruit seems to have beneficial effect on metabolic health because it contains abundant phytochemicals and antioxidants. This study aimed to assess the effect of kiwifruit on metabolic health in participants with cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: Literature was searched from PubMed, CENTRAL, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, Scopus, Proquest, Latin American and Carib-bean Health Sciences Literature, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, https://clinicaltrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S193225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350646PMC
January 2019

Economic impact of pharmacist interventions on correction of stress-related mucosal damage prophylaxis practice.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2019 25;11:111-116. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Gastroenterohepatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,

Introduction: Stress-related mucosal damage (SRMD) is described as the damage of gastric mucosa due to physiological stress that is a very common complication in critically ill patients. SRMD prophylactic medications are widely prescribed all over the world, while numerous studies have revealed that a large percentage of patients admitted to non-intensive care unit (ICU) services do not need to receive these medications. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and type of medication errors and the economic impact of clinical pharmacist intervention on stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S191304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353213PMC
January 2019

Two vs four puffs of albuterol: does dose change bronchodilator response?

J Asthma Allergy 2019 31;12:59-65. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA,

Background: Reversible obstruction on spirometry may be used to diagnose asthma. As per 2005 American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines, our pulmonary center began using 360 µg (four puffs) of albuterol rather than 180 µg (two puffs) to determine reversibility on spirometry starting in 2009.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that fewer patients would respond to two puffs of albuterol than four puffs during spirometric testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JAA.S151531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362946PMC
January 2019

Hepatocellular carcinoma: Can LI-RADS v2017 with gadoxetic-acid enhancement magnetic resonance and diffusion-weighted imaging improve diagnostic accuracy?

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb;25(5):622-631

Department of Radiology, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), supported by the American College of Radiology (ACR), has been developed for standardizing the acquisition, interpretation, reporting, and data collection of liver imaging examinations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), which is described as an ancillary imaging feature of LI-RADS, can improve the diagnostic efficiency of LI-RADS v2017 with gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for HCC.

Aim: To determine whether the use of DWI can improve the diagnostic efficiency of LI-RADS v2017 with gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance MRI for HCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i5.622DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371008PMC
February 2019

Isobaric ropivacaine with or without dexmedetomidine for surgery of neck femur fracture under subarachnoid block.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018 Oct-Dec;34(4):518-523

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, New Delhi, India.

Background And Aims: Dexmedetomidine has a promising role as an intrathecal adjuvant. However it's role as an adjuvant to ropivacaine has not been evaluated extensively. This study is designed to find out the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine 5 g to isobaric ropivacaine 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/joacp.JOACP_226_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360896PMC
February 2019

Peripheral nerve blocks for above knee amputation in high-risk patients.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018 Oct-Dec;34(4):458-464

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.

Background And Aims: Above knee amputation (AKA) is associated with considerable mortality and morbidity. There is paucity of data describing the use of peripheral nerve blocks (PNB) as the sole anesthetic technique in high-risk patients undergoing AKA. Our objectives were to evaluate the use of PNB as sole anesthetic technique in the above-mentioned population and its clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/joacp.JOACP_346_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360901PMC
February 2019

Cognition and physical functioning in patients with schizophrenia: any role for vitamin D?

Nutr Neurosci 2019 Feb 17:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross , Jal Eddib , Lebanon.

Aim: The study's objective was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D (VD) levels and cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted between March and July 2016, recruited 196 patients with schizophrenia. The Brief Cognitive Rating Scale (BCRS) and the Morningside Rehabilitation Status Scale (MRSS) were used to measure the severity of cognitive impairment and the level of general functioning in psychiatric patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2019.1580830DOI Listing
February 2019

Invisible Minority: HIV Prevention Health Policy for the Asian American Population.

Policy Polit Nurs Pract 2019 Feb 16:1527154419828843. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

1 College of Nursing & Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, USA.

There has been a 72% increase in the Asian American population from approximately 12 million in 2000 to 21 million in 2015. By 2050, there will be 33.4 million Asian Americans living in the United States, making this population the most rapidly growing ethnic group in the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1527154419828843DOI Listing
February 2019

Demographics, self-efficacy, benefits/barriers, stages of adopting pap testing among Korean American women.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2019 Feb 16:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

c Memorial Hermann Memorial City Medical Center , Memorial City , TX , USA.

Korean American women (KAW) experience the third highest incidence rate of cervical cancer among nine major Asian Americans. This study examined cervical cancer screening among KAW using constructs from the transtheoretical model (TTM). Using a cross-sectional survey design, 102 KAW aged 21-65 years of age were recruited through convenience sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2018.1525693DOI Listing
February 2019

Stimuli-Responsive Optical Nanomaterials.

Adv Mater 2019 Feb 18:e1807061. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA.

Responsive optical nanomaterials that can sense and translate various external stimuli into optical signals, in the forms of observable changes in appearance and variations in spectral line shapes, are among the most active research topics in nanooptics. They are intensively exploited within the regimes of the four classic optical phenomena-diffraction in photonic crystals, absorption of plasmonic nanostructures, as well as color-switching systems, refraction of assembled birefringent nanostructures, and emission of photoluminescent nanomaterials and molecules. Herein, a comprehensive review of these research activities regarding the fundamental principles and practical strategies is provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201807061DOI Listing
February 2019

Solid Organ Transplantation in the HIV-Infected Patient: Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice.

Clin Transplant 2019 Feb 17:e13499. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, GRB 005, Boston, MA, 02114.

These updated guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Community of Practice of the American Society of Transplantation review the management of transplantation in HIV infected individuals. Transplantation has become the standard of care for patients with HIV and end stage kidney or liver disease. Although less data exist for thoracic organ and pancreas transplantation, it is likely that transplantation is also safe and effective for these recipients as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13499DOI Listing
February 2019

Bullous Pemphigoid with Atypical Skin Lesions and Acute Interstitial Nephritis: A Case Report and Focused Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 18;20:212-218. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

BACKGROUND The hallmark of bullous pemphigoid (BP) is widespread tense blisters arising on normal or erythematous skin, often with marked pruritus, the diagnosis of which is confirmed by direct immunofluorescence (DIF). BP is an autoimmune process that can be induced, though rarely, by medications. Drug-induced BP often has atypical clinical presentation, which requires a good understanding of other dermatological conditions with similar presentations, in particular, bullous subtype of erythema multiforme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911422DOI Listing
February 2019

Echocardiographic Evaluation of Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve-In-Valve Replacement.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California. Electronic address:

Background: Transcatheter tricuspid valve-in-valve replacement (TVIV) is an emerging therapy for dysfunctional surgical valves in patients with congenital and acquired TV disease. The present study was performed to establish baseline quantitative data for echocardiographic and invasive parameters obtained pre- and immediately post-TVIV.

Methods: Patients were drawn from the VIVID Registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.echo.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Non-operative management of solid organ injuries in children: An American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee systematic review.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Children's Foundation Research Institute, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, TN. Electronic address:

Purpose: The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) guidelines for the treatment of isolated solid organ injury (SOI) in children were published in 2000 and have been widely adopted. The aim of this systematic review by the APSA Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee was to evaluate the published evidence regarding treatment of solid organ injuries in children.

Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was crafted and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were utilized to identify, review, and report salient articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Fertility and hormone preservation and restoration for female children and adolescents receiving gonadotoxic cancer treatments: A systematic review.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA; Division of Pediatric Surgery, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: The purpose of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Cancer Committee was to summarize evidence from the current medical literature regarding fertility restoration and hormone replacement for female children and adolescents treated with gonadotoxic treatments.

Methods: Using PRISMA guidelines, questions were addressed by searching Medline, Cochrane, Embase Central and National clearing house databases using relevant search terms. Eligible studies included those that addressed ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC), oocyte harvest, ovarian transposition, and ovarian tissue auto-transplantation for females under the age of 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.12.021DOI Listing
January 2019

Genome-wide Significance Thresholds for Admixture Mapping Studies.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Admixture mapping studies have become more common in recent years, due in part to technological advances and growing international efforts to increase the diversity of genetic studies. However, many open questions remain about appropriate implementation of admixture mapping studies, including how best to control for multiple testing, particularly in the presence of population structure. In this study, we develop a theoretical framework to characterize the correlation of local ancestry and admixture mapping test statistics in admixed populations with contributions from any number of ancestral populations and arbitrary population structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Addition of chemotherapy improves overall survival in patients with T2N0M0 non-small cell lung cancer undergoing definitive radiation therapy: An analysis of the SEER database.

Radiother Oncol 2019 Feb 31;131:75-80. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Clinical Research Department, Parkview Cancer Institute, Fort Wayne, United States. Electronic address:

Objectives: Despite recommendations by clinical guidelines, an advantage of adding systemic chemotherapy to definitive radiation in patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has never been demonstrated by randomized or large-scale studies. This study evaluates the role of chemotherapy in T2N0M0 NSCLC patients who did not undergo surgical resection.

Materials And Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we screened for patients with T2N0M0 NSCLC who received radiation therapy without surgical resection from 2004 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Education Policy and Outcomes Within the African American Population.

Soc Work Public Health 2019 Feb 17:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a College of Social Work , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , USA.

The educational status among African Americans is a story of continuing achievement and continuing disparities in outcomes. On one hand, there are continuing stories of high academic accomplishments among Black Americans who attend and graduate from high-ranking American institutions of higher education. On the other hand, the continuing gap in educational opportunities and outcomes within Black America is shaping present and future education disparities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2018.1562405DOI Listing
February 2019

Collective health and regional integration in Latin America: An opportunity for building a new international health agenda.

Glob Public Health 2019 Feb 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

c Department of Public Law I, Faculty of Law , Buenos Aires University (UBA), Buenos Aires , Argentina.

From its origins, the Latin American Social Medicine and the Collective Health (LASM/CH) movements have focused on thinking about health from and for the region. After the implementation of neoliberal policies, social improvements and the geopolitical strengthening of the region became the roots of new regional integration projects in South America. The objective of this article is twofold. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2019.1572207DOI Listing
February 2019

The Popularity of Outcome Measures Used in the Foot and Ankle Literature.

Foot Ankle Spec 2019 Feb 17:1938640019826680. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wright State Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio (FYH, ADS).

Background: Outcome measures are frequently employed in clinical studies to determine the efficacy of orthopaedic surgical procedures. However, substantial variability exists among the outcome instruments utilized in foot and ankle (F&A) literature. The purpose of this study is to determine the number of outcome measures reported in F&A literature recently published in major orthopaedic journals and the association between study characteristics and the use of particular outcome measurement categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1938640019826680DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical utility of the WASI-II and its association with acculturation levels among Arab American adolescent males.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

c Counseling Educational Psychology and School Psychology , Michigan State Univ , East Lansing , Michigan , USA.

Neuropsychologists attempting to provide an ethical and clinically useful assessment of intellectual functioning among immigrant youth face great challenges. For instance, immigrant youth undergo an acculturation process that can profoundly affect cognitive development including the reliability and validity of norm-referenced intelligence tests. This study explored the clinical utility of the WASI-II among male adolecent Arab Americans (n = 80). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1442219DOI Listing
February 2019