337,353 results match your criteria American journal of cardiovascular drugs : drugs devices and other interventions[Journal]


Neurological recovery following traumatic spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-17. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

OBJECTIVEPredicting neurological recovery following traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a complex task considering the heterogeneous nature of injury and the inconsistency of individual studies. This study aims to summarize the current evidence on neurological recovery following TSCI by use of a meta-analytical approach, and to identify injury, treatment, and study variables with prognostic significance.METHODSA literature search in MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed, and studies reporting follow-up changes in American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) or Frankel or ASIA motor score (AMS) scales were included in the meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18802DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of decompression surgery without fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis on sagittal spinopelvic alignment: minimum 2-year follow-up.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan; and.

OBJECTIVEThe importance of global sagittal alignment is well known. Patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) generally tend to bend forward to relieve their neurological symptoms, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.SPINE181092DOI Listing
February 2019

Correlation of perioperative risk scores with hospital costs in neurosurgical patients.

J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

OBJECTIVEThe American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) online surgical risk calculator uses inherent patient characteristics to provide predictive risk scores for adverse postoperative events. The purpose of this study was to determine if predicted perioperative risk scores correlate with actual hospital costs.METHODSA single-center retrospective review of 1005 neurosurgical patients treated between September 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014, was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.JNS182041DOI Listing
February 2019

Rear Admiral (Astronaut) Alan Shepard: Ménière's disease and the race to the moon.

J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

6Department of Neurosurgery, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.

On May 5, 1961, Alan B. Shepard Jr. piloted the Freedom 7 craft into a suborbital flight to become the first American man in space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.JNS182522DOI Listing
February 2019

Adverse events and their risk factors 90 days after cervical spine surgery: analysis from the Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18666DOI Listing
February 2019

Worldwide variation in Pseudomonas associated ventilator associated pneumonia. A meta-regression.

Authors:
James C Hurley

J Crit Care 2019 Feb 6;51:88-93. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Rural Health, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Internal Medicine Service, Ballarat Health Services, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Purpose: The objective here is to define the extent and possible reasons for geographic variation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP).

Methods: A random effects meta-regression model of Pseudomonas associated VAP incidence within the published literature was undertaken incorporating group level factors such trauma admission, year of publication and use of bronchoscopic sampling towards VAP diagnosis.

Results: Pseudomonas associated VAP incidence was reported in 162 studies from seven worldwide regions published over 30 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Maladaptive nest-site selection by a sagebrush dependent species in a grazing-modified landscape.

J Environ Manage 2019 Feb 13;236:622-630. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Animal and Range Sciences, Montana State University, Animal Bioscience Building 205, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA.

Animals are expected to select habitats that maximize their fitness over evolutionary time scales. Yet in human-modified landscapes, habitat selection might not always lead to increased fitness because animals undervalue high-quality resources that appear less attractive than those of lower quality. In the American West, agriculture has modified landscapes, yet little is known about whether agricultural changes alter the reliability of the cues animals use to identify habitat quality; ultimately forming maladaptive breeding strategies where behavioral cues are mismatched with survival outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.01.085DOI Listing
February 2019

Tackling neuroinflammation and cholinergic deficit in Alzheimer's disease: Multi-target inhibitors of cholinesterases, cyclooxygenase-2 and 15-lipoxygenase.

Eur J Med Chem 2019 Feb 8;167:161-186. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21521, Egypt. Electronic address:

Neuroinflammation and cholinergic deficit are key detrimental processes involved in Alzheimer's disease. Hence, in the search for novel and effective treatment strategies, the multi-target-directed ligand paradigm was applied to the rational design of two series of new hybrids endowed with anti-inflammatory and anticholinesterase activity via triple targeting properties, namely able to simultaneously hit cholinesterases, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) enzymes. Among the synthesized compounds, triazoles 5b and 5d, and thiosemicarbazide hybrid 6e emerged as promising new hits, being able to effectively inhibit human butyrylcholinesterase (hBChE), COX-2 and 15-LOX enzymes with a higher inhibitory potency than the reference inhibitors tacrine (for hBChE inhibition), celecoxib (for COX-2 inhibition) and both NDGA and Zileuton (for 15-LOX inhibition). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Movie violence acutely affects food choices in young adults.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 10;33:7-12. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Nutrition Division, Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Lebanon.

Background: Extensive research has been conducted to investigate the effects of media violence on attitudes, behaviors, and cardiovascular health; however, only few studies have examined its effect on appetite, eating behavior and food preferences. Little attention has been given to understand how movie genre manipulates the physiology and the eating behavior of individuals. The present study aimed at investigating the acute effect of violence content in movies on appetite perception, heart rate and blood pressure, along with food preferences and intake in young individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Barriers against a successful MS treatment: The importance of effectiveness beyond efficacy.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2019 Feb 7;30:129-135. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Neurology Department, Hospital Italiano y Español de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.

Current multiple sclerosis (MS) therapeutic options have significantly increased treatment algorithm complexity. This urges physicians to take into account multiple factors in the decision-making process and make an even more thorough analysis of the risk-benefit balance. We carried out a descriptive review aiming to assess some factors that endanger the proper MS treatment fulfillment, focusing mainly on Latin American countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2019.01.056DOI Listing
February 2019

Validity and Reliability of the Arabic Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in Spinal Cord Injury Patients in Lebanon.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Doctor of Physical therapy, Health, Rehabilitation, Integration and Research Center, Beirut Lebanon.

Background: Depression is a prevalent and disabling condition associated with spinal cord injury. Such associated negative factor warrants the use of valid and reliable psychological assessment tools among this group. One of the available assessment means is the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, a short screening measure which evaluates depression status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.234DOI Listing
February 2019

The Trend, Feasibility, and Safety of Salpingectomy as a form of Permanent Sterilization.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston TX, USA.

Study Objectives: To assess the change in rate of laparoscopic salpingectomy for sterilization after the release of the November 2013 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Clinical Practice Statement and the January 2015 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion: Salpingectomy for Ovarian Cancer Prevention. We hypothesized there would be an increase in salpingectomy as a percentage of total laparoscopic sterilizations performed without an increase in complications when compared to conventional bilateral tubal ligation (BTL).

Design: A retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Guideline removal of atropine and survival after adult in-hospital cardiac arrest with a non-shockable rhythm.

Resuscitation 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Research Center for Emergency Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus Universitsy Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Center for Resuscitation Science, Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Aim: To determine whether the removal of atropine from the 2010 ACLS guidelines for non-shockable cardiac arrests was associated with a change in survival.

Methods: Using the Get With The Guidelines®-Resuscitation registry, we included adults with an index in-hospital cardiac arrest between 2006 and 2015. The primary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

5-Year Outcomes of a Single Institution Prospective Trial of 19 Gy Single-Fraction HDR Brachytherapy for Low- and Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI. Electronic address:

Purpose: To update outcome and toxicity results of a prospective trial of 19 Gy single-fraction high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy for men with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer.

Materials And Methods: Patients were treated on a prospective study of single-fraction HDR brachytherapy. All patients had low- or intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Child, Mother, Father, and Teacher Beliefs About Child Academic Competence: Predicting Math and Reading Performance in European American Adolescents.

J Res Adolesc 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service.

Beliefs about child competence in math and reading have important implications for academic performance in adolescence. However, it is unclear whether children's own beliefs are the most important predictor of their academic performance or whether parents' and teachers' beliefs about child competence influence child academic performance. We assessed mothers', fathers', teachers', and children's beliefs about European American children's (N = 189) competence in math and reading at age 10 and children's math and language performance at ages 10, 13, and 18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jora.12477DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparisons of bone density and body composition among adolescents with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To compare bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition among adolescents: (a) with atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) versus anorexia nervosa (AN) and (b) those with and without a prior history of overweight.

Method: Electronic medical records of patients 9-20 years with AN or AAN who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.

Results: A total of 286 adolescents with AN or AAN were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23048DOI Listing
February 2019

Just choice: a Danielsian analysis of the aims and scope of prenatal screening for fetal abnormalities.

Med Health Care Philos 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Health, Ethics and Society, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Developments in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) and cell-free fetal DNA analysis raise the possibility that antenatal services may soon be able to support couples in non-invasively testing for, and diagnosing, an unprecedented range of genetic disorders and traits coded within their unborn child's genome. Inevitably, this has prompted debate within the bioethics literature about what screening options should be offered to couples for the purpose of reproductive choice. In relation to this problem, the European Society of Human Genetics (ESHG) and American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) tentatively recommend that any expansion of this type of screening, as facilitated by NIPT, should be limited to serious congenital and childhood disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11019-019-09888-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Breast cancer risk in relation to plasma metabolites among Hispanic and African American women.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Purpose: The metabolic etiology of breast cancer has been explored in the past several years using metabolomics. However, most of these studies only included non-Hispanic White individuals.

Methods: To fill this gap, we performed a two-step (discovery and validation) metabolomics profiling in plasma samples from 358 breast cancer patients and 138 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05165-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Current Treatment Options for Breast Cancer Brain Metastases.

Curr Treat Options Oncol 2019 Feb 15;20(3):19. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Medicine, Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, S73, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Opinion Statement: In the past, the standard of care for treatment of BM was whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and surgery. There has been a greater role for medical therapies in the last two decades due to the discovery of driver mutations and corresponding targeted therapies. These innovations have dramatically altered the approach to treating these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11864-019-0618-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The first identification of nesfatin-1-expressing neurons in the human bed nucleus of the stria terminalis.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Histology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 18, 40-752, Katowice, Poland.

Neuropeptides are involved in various brain activities being able to control a wide spectrum of higher mental functions. The purpose of this concise structural investigation was to detect the possible immunoreactivity of the novel multifunctional neuropeptide nesfatin-1 within the human bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST). The BNST is involved in the mechanism of fear learning, integration of stress and reward circuits, and pathogenesis of addiction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-019-01984-3DOI Listing
February 2019

An intact subscapularis tendon and compensatory teres minor hypertrophy yield lower failure rates for non-operative treatment of irreparable, massive rotator cuff tears.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Severance Hospital, Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, CPO Box 8044, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To investigate whether subscapularis integrity and compensatory teres, minor hypertrophy is associated with maintaining relatively good function and tolerable pain levels during non-operative treatment.

Methods: This study included 108 patients with irreparable, massive rotator cuff tears involving at least two tendons and stage III or IV muscle hypotrophy and fatty infiltration on oblique sagittal magnetic resonance imaging, in which even a partial repair does not seem feasible. All supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles were grade IV; if the subscapularis was involved, only stage III or IV was included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05403-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Inequalities in the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension among Bangladeshi adults: evidence from a nationwide survey.

Int J Equity Health 2019 Feb 15;18(1):33. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Indooroopilly, 4068, Queensland, Australia.

Background: In recent years, developing countries like Bangladesh are facing a higher burden of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension as a result of demographic transition. Prevalence of hypertension is often studied in this setting. However, evidence on undiagnosed hypertension is not widely available in the existing literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0930-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Improvements cardiometabolic risk factors in Latin American Amerindians (the Mapuche) with concurrent training.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Education department of La Unión city, Chile.

Our aim was to investigate the effects of 12-weeks of CT (i.e., high-intensity interval and resistance training) in Mapuche adults from Chile and in their peers of European descent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13409DOI Listing
February 2019

Adaptive Trial Designs in Rheumatology: Report from the OMERACT Special Interest Group.

J Rheumatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

From the CREATE Centre, Section of Rheumatology, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK; Schlosspark Klinik, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics; Amsterdam Rheumatology and Immunology Center; Amsterdam University Medical Centers, location VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College; Pfizer, New York, New York; Sanofi, Bridgewater, New Jersey; SDG LLC, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; Rebecca McDonald Centre for Arthritis and Autoimmune Disease, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Musculoskeletal Statistics Unit, The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital; Department of Rheumatology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, and Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. EHC has received research grants and/or served as a member of advisory boards and speaker bureaus of Pfizer and Sanofi. HvH is an employee of Sanofi-Genzyme and holds stock in the company. LST has received research grants and/or served as a member of advisory boards and speaker bureaus of AbbVie, Eli Lilly, Celltrion, Janssen, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Sanofi. JC is an employee of Pfizer. T. Pickles, MSc, CREATE Centre, Section of Rheumatology, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University; R. Alten, MD, PhD, Schlosspark Klinik, Charité University Medicine; M. Boers, MD, PhD, MSc, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Amsterdam Rheumatology and Immunology Center, and Amsterdam University Medical Centers VUmc; V. Bykerk, MD, FRCPC, Department of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Rebecca McDonald Centre for Arthritis and Autoimmune Disease, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto; J. Christensen, MD, Pfizer; R. Christensen, PhD, MSc, Musculoskeletal Statistics Unit, The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, and Department of Rheumatology, Odense University Hospital; H. van Hoogstraten, MD, PhD, Sanofi; L.S. Simon, MD, SDG LLC; L.S. Tam, MD, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, and Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong; E.H. Choy, MD, CREATE Centre, Section of Rheumatology, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University. Address correspondence to Professor E.H. Choy, CREATE Centre, Section of Rheumatology, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK CF14 4XN. E-mail: Accepted for publication December 18, 2018.

Objective: Adaptive trial design was developed initially for oncology to improve trial efficiency. If optimized for rheumatology, it may improve trial efficiency by reducing sample size and time.

Methods: A systematic review assessed design of phase II clinical trials in rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.181054DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of Sensitivities of American College of Rheumatology and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Classification Criteria in Childhood-onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

J Rheumatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

From the Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children; Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto; Translational Medicine, SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. J.J. Tao, BSc, Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Translational Medicine, SickKids Research Institute; L.T. Hiraki, MD, FRCPC, ScD, Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Translational Medicine, SickKids Research Institute; D.M. Levy, MD, FRCPC, Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Translational Medicine, SickKids Research Institute; E.D. Silverman, MD, FRCPC, Division of Rheumatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Translational Medicine, SickKids Research Institute. Address correspondence to Dr. E.D. Silverman, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave., Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada. E-mail: Accepted for publication October 4, 2018.

Objective: Currently there are 2 different classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC). The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivities of ACR and SLICC criteria in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) using a large, multiethnic cohort.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 722 patients diagnosed with cSLE at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.180337DOI Listing
February 2019

Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses.

Br J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Glaucoma Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Aims: To evaluate agreement between ocular findings of a telemedicine eye screening (visit 1) with diagnoses of a comprehensive eye examination (visit 2).

Methods: A primary care practice (PCP)-based telemedicine screening programme incorporating fundus photography, intraocular pressure (IOP) and clinical information was conducted. Eligible individuals were African American, Hispanic/Latino or Asian over the age of 40; Caucasian individuals over age 65; and adults of any ethnicity over age 40 with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313451DOI Listing
February 2019

Population-based outcomes of men with a single negative prostate biopsy: Importance of continued follow-up among older patients.

Urol Oncol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Surgical Oncology, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: To determine in Ontario-based men with a single negative transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy the long-term rates of prostate cancer-specific mortality, diagnosis, and treatment; number of repeat biopsies; and predictors of prostate cancer diagnosis and mortality.

Materials And Methods: This was a population-based cohort study, using data from linked, validated health administrative databases, of all Ontario-based men with a negative first biopsy between January 1994 and October 2014. Patients were followed from time of first biopsy till death, administrative censoring, or end of study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2019.01.030DOI Listing
February 2019

Hospital Variation in Child Protection Reports of Substance Exposed Infants.

J Pediatr 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA; Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA; Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Objective: To examine whether hospital-level factors contribute to discrepancies in reporting to Child Protective Services (CPS) of infants diagnosed with prenatal substance exposure.

Study Design: We used a linked dataset of birth, hospital, and CPS records using diagnostic codes (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision) to identify infants diagnosed with prenatal substance exposure. Using multilevel models, we examined hospital-level and individual birth-level factors in relation to a report to CPS among those infants prenatally exposed to substances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.12.065DOI Listing
February 2019

CyberKnife radiosurgery for acoustic neuromas: Tumor control and clinical outcomes.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, United States. Electronic address:

Fractionated CyberKnife radiosurgery (CKRS) treatment for acoustic neuromas may reduce the risk of long-term radiation toxicity to nearby critical structures compared to that of single-fraction radiosurgery. However, tumor control rates and clinical outcomes after CKRS for acoustic neuromas are not well described. We retrospectively reviewed all acoustic neuroma patients treated with CKRS (2004-2011) in a prospectively maintained clinical and radiographic database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2019.01.046DOI Listing
February 2019

An Experimental Assessment of Third Parties as Potential Guardians: Victim Gender, Conflict, and Individual Perceptions of Social Situations.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 15:886260519827664. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.

The guardianship component of routine activity theory (RAT) remains underexamined. Recent research has emphasized "guardianship-in-action," or the processes by which individuals evaluate potentially problematic situations. Research has also begun to identify conditions conducive to bystander intervention in troublesome situations, but has not been incorporated into the emerging literature on guardianship-in-action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519827664DOI Listing
February 2019

Population Genetic and Functional Analysis of a -Regulatory Polymorphism in the gene.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Feb 14;10(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology, LMU Munich, Grosshaderner Str. 2, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.

Although gene expression can vary extensively within and among populations, the genetic basis of this variation and the evolutionary forces that maintain it are largely unknown. In , a 49-bp insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism in the () gene is associated with variation in expression and oxidative stress tolerance. To better understand the functional and evolutionary significance of this polymorphism, we investigated it in several worldwide populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10020147DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical Features, Survival and Prognostic Factors of Glycogen-Rich Clear Cell Carcinoma (GRCC) of the Breast in the U.S. Population.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 14;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines glycogen-rich clear cell carcinoma (GRCC) of the breast as a carcinoma with glycogen accumulation in more than 90% of its tumor cells. Due to the rarity of this disease, its reported survival and clinical associations have been inconsistent due to reliance on case reports and limited case series. As a result, the prognostic implication of this cancer subtype remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020246DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparing Social Media Observations of Animals During a Solar Eclipse to Published Research.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Feb 14;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Biology, University of Nebraska at Kearney, Kearney, NE 68849, USA.

A wide variety of environmental stimuli can influence the behavior of animals including temperature, weather, light, lunar and seasonal cycles, seismic activity, as well as other perturbations to their circadian rhythm. Solar eclipses offer a unique opportunity to evaluate the relative influence of unexpected darkness on behavior of animals due to their sudden interference with local light levels and meteorology. Though occasionally bizarre, modern studies have lent support to the idea that at least some individuals of certain species display altered behavior during these events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9020059DOI Listing
February 2019

Examining the Walking Accessibility, Willingness, and Travel Conditions of Residents in Saudi Cities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 14;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Engineering, The University of British Columbia (UBC)-Okanagan, 1137 Alumni Ave, Kelowna 1V1 1V7, BC, Canada.

Rapid urban expansion and population growth in Saudi cities over the past four decades have increased vehicular accidents and traffic congestion and have impacted the daily walking conditions of the residents. Walking has various health and environmental benefits. In North American and European countries, three factors have been found to motivate a resident to walk within their community: their accessibility to community social and business facilities, their perception and willingness, and the safety conditions of the roads and sidewalks within their community for walking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040545DOI Listing
February 2019

Contraception and conception in Mid-life: a review of the current literature.

Womens Midlife Health 2017 16;3. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

University Hospitals MacDonald Women's Hospital, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.

In the United States, there are an increasing number of couples who are intentionally delaying child-bearing. As the average age of mothers continues to rise, more and more women are being faced with the difficulties of attempting conception at the various stages leading up to the menopausal transition. Not only do the chances of conception drastically decrease after the age of 40 years, but the probability of fetal loss (both early and late in pregnancy) significantly increases during this period as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-017-0022-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300028PMC

Gender disparities in midlife hypertension: a review of the evidence on the Arab region.

Womens Midlife Health 2017 4;3. Epub 2017 May 4.

Center for Research on Population and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box: 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107-2020 Lebanon.

Objective: While gender differences in hypertension and increased prevalence rates among women at midlife have been documented in multiple settings, the evidence on the Arab world has not been systematically examined. This review summarizes the evidence related to gender disparities in midlife hypertension in this region.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) databases for studies, published between January 2000 and August 2015, on hypertension in the 22 countries of the Arab region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-017-0020-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299986PMC

Methods in a longitudinal cohort study of late reproductive age women: the Penn Ovarian Aging Study (POAS).

Womens Midlife Health 2016 27;2. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

2Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, U.S, Philadelphia, USA.

Background: This report describes the methods utilized in the Penn Ovarian Aging Study (POAS), which is a longitudinal cohort study of hormone dynamics and menopausal symptoms of women in the menopause transition.

Methods/design: The cohort is a community-based sample of generally healthy women enrolled in the late reproductive years. The study population is a stratified random sample of African-American and Caucasian women, identified by random digit dialing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-016-0014-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299955PMC
January 2016

Restoring Function in Veterans With Complex Chronic Pain.

Fed Pract 2017 Oct;34(10):42-47

is the medical director for the Pain Medicine Service and Functional Restoration Pain programs (outpatient and residential), is the chief of Pain Medicine and the director of the VISN 20 Pain Medicine and Functional Restoration Center, is a pain psychologist, is a pain management nurse, is a physician assistant - integrative pain medicine, and is a clinical pharmacy specialist, all at the VA Puget Sound Health Care System, American Lake Division in Lakewood, Washington.

A pain management program focused on improving self-management, function, and overall quality of life for veterans with chronic pain. Read More

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October 2017

Accelerated Hepatitis A and B Immunization in a Substance Abuse Treatment Program.

Fed Pract 2015 Aug;32(8):38-43

is a clinical psychologist, is an attending psychiatrist, is a clinical psychologist, is a retired licensed practical nurse, is a retired registered nurse, is a retired registered nurse, and is an attending psychiatrist, all at the James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital in Tampa, Florida. is an advanced registered nurse practitioner at American Lake Division of the VA Puget Sound Healthcare System in Lakewood, Washington. Dr. Winn is an assistant professor, Dr. Francis is an associate professor, Dr. Shealy is an assistant professor, and Dr. Gonzales-Nolas is an assistant professor, all at the University of South Florida in Tampa.

An accelerated dosing program for hepatitis A and B vaccination among veterans receiving treatment for addictive disorders was successfully implemented, although many veterans with hepatitis C did not complete the immunization series. Read More

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Occurrence of Potato Tuber Necrotic Isolates of Potato virus Y in a Commercial Tobacco Field in Southern Ontario, Canada.

Authors:
H Xu

Plant Dis 2008 Nov;92(11):1586

Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Charlottetown Laboratory, 93 Mount Edward Road, Charlottetown, PE, C1A 5T1, Canada.

Most strains of Potato virus Y (PVY) can infect tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum) and cause vein clearing followed by leaf mottling, except the PVY strain, which induces severe vein necrosis. Some isolates within the PVY strain also cause potato necrotic tuber ringspot disease, but these have not been reported from Canadian tobacco fields. PVY isolates include European (EU) and North American (NA) types that are serologically identical to PVY, but can be distinguished by nucleic acid-based assays and potato bioassay (1,2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-92-11-1586BDOI Listing
November 2008

First Report of the US1 Strain of Pepino mosaic virus in Tomato in the Canary Islands, Spain.

Plant Dis 2008 Nov;92(11):1590

Instituto Agroforestal Mediterráneo, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Cno. Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain.

Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV), a member of the genus Potexvirus, was first described in 1974 on pepino (Solanum muricatum Ait.) in Peru. In 1999, PepMV was reported to be affecting tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-92-11-1590CDOI Listing
November 2008

First Report of Leaf Rust of Blueberry Caused by Pucciniastrum vaccinii in Hawaii.

Plant Dis 2008 Nov;92(11):1590

University of Hawaii, Manoa.

Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) are a potential high-value, niche market crop for Hawaii. In May of 2007, rust-like symptoms were observed on multiple blueberry plants in a private nursery in Waimea, HI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-92-11-1590ADOI Listing
November 2008

First Report of Sclerotinia Stem Rot Caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Hibiscus trionum in New York.

Plant Dis 2009 Jun;93(6):673

Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva 14456.

Hibiscus trionum L. (Venice mallow) is an annual weed widely distributed in the United States. In September of 2008, Venice mallow plants with bleached stems and necrotic tissues were observed in a commercial field of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-6-0673ADOI Listing

First Report of Peronospora sparsa Causing Downy Mildew (Dryberry) of Rubus fruticosus in Mexico.

Plant Dis 2009 Jun;93(6):674

Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University, OARDC, Wooster 44691.

Michoacan State is the largest producer of blackberries (Rubus fruticosus) in Mexico with more than 4,000 ha in production. During the rainy season of 2007 (July to September), purple, angular, vein-delimited leaf spots along the midrib and major veins were observed. Affected young fruit lost their shine, became shriveled, and later dried. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-6-0674BDOI Listing

First Report of Cylindrocladium buxicola on Buxus sempervirens in Spain.

Plant Dis 2009 Jun;93(6):670

Estación Fitopatolóxica Do Areeiro, Deputación de Pontevedra, Subida a la Robleda s/n. 36153 Pontevedra, Spain.

Cylindrocladium buxicola Henricot, included in the EPPO alert list until November 2008, causes a dangerous foliar disease on Buxus spp. that has been recorded in several European countries and New Zealand (3,4). Buxus sempervirens L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-6-0670BDOI Listing

First Report of Collar and Stem Rot Caused by Pythium aphanidermatum on Figmarigold (Lampranthus sp.) in Italy.

Plant Dis 2009 Jun;93(6):672

Center of Competence AGROINNOVA, University of Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci, 44, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

Lampranthus sp. N.B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-6-0672ADOI Listing
June 2009
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First Report of Aster Yellow Phytoplasmas ('Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris') in Canadian Grapevines.

Plant Dis 2009 Jun;93(6):669

Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Centre for Plant Health, Sidney Laboratory, Sidney, BC, Canada.

In North America, elm yellows, aster yellows (AY), and X-disease phytoplasmas have been detected in American grapevines (1), and recently, Bois noir was detected in Canadian vineyards from British Columbia (BC) and Ontario (ON) (2). Typical symptoms of grapevine yellows (GY) include leaf rolling and chlorosis, uneven or total lack of lignification of canes, flower abortion or berry withering, and stunting. In 2006 and 2007, independent surveys were conducted by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) to detect phytoplasmas in Canadian vineyards containing different cultivars in BC, ON, Québec (QC), Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-6-0669ADOI Listing

First Report of Phomopsis Stem Canker of Sunflower in Illinois Caused by Phomopsis helianthi.

Plant Dis 2009 Jul;93(7):760

Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 1102 South Goodwin Avenue Urbana 61801.

Stem cankers were observed on confection sunflower (Helianthus annuus) plants growing in a field in Champaign County, Illinois in August 2008. Lesions were brown to reddish brown, elongated (approximately 10 to 15 cm long), and centered over the area where leaf petioles connected to the stems. Stem tissues underneath the lesions were degraded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-7-0760ADOI Listing

Molecular Detection and Discrimination of Blueberry red ringspot virus Strains Causing Disease in Cultivated Blueberry and Cranberry.

Plant Dis 2009 Jul;93(7):727-733

Rutgers University, Department of Plant Biology and Pathology, 59 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901.

Blueberry red ringspot virus (BRRV) causes red ringspots on the stems, leaves, and ripening fruit of infected highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) plants. The disease was originally observed in New Jersey and has now been reported in other blueberry growing regions in the United States, as well as several locations in Europe. A disease with similar symptoms occurs in American cranberry (V. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-7-0727DOI Listing

First Report of Pierce's Disease of Grape Caused by Xylella fastidiosa in Oklahoma.

Plant Dis 2009 Jul;93(7):762

Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension Service, Canadian County, Box 519, Fairgrounds, El Reno 73036.

Bacterial leaf scorch caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa was first identified in Oklahoma in American elm (Ulmus americanus L.) in the summer of 2004 (2). Subsequently, additional infections of other shade trees and ornamentals including oak (Quercus spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-7-0762BDOI Listing