151,329 results match your criteria American health & drug benefits[Journal]


Postoperative Utilization of Oral Nutritional Supplements in Surgical Patients in US Hospitals.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

CAPER Unit Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Postoperative nutrition delivery is essential to surgical recovery; unfortunately, postoperative dietary intake is often poor. Recent surgical guidelines recommend use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) to improve nutrition delivery. Our aim was to examine prevalence of coded ONS use over time and coded malnutrition rates in postoperative patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1862DOI Listing

Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Nighttime Blood Pressure in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study.

Am J Hypertens 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nocturnal hypertension, and non-dipping systolic blood pressure (BP) are each highly prevalent among African Americans. However, few data are available on the association between OSA and nighttime BP in this population.

Methods: We examined the association of OSA with nighttime BP among African Americans who completed 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring at Exam 1 (2000-2004) of the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) and subsequently participated in the JHS Sleep Study (2012-2016). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpaa088DOI Listing

Racial/ethnic Disparities and Survival in Pediatrics with Gliomas Based on the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Database in the United States.

World Neurosurg 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medical, Navy Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, P.R.China. Electronic address:

Background: Gliomas are the most common type of primary central nervous system tumor for both children and adults. But the influence of racial/ethnic disparities on the survival of children with gliomas has not been fully evaluated yet.

Methods: Baseline characteristics of patients, including gender, year of diagnosis, surgery, grade, radiation, histology and races, were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.224DOI Listing

Does COVID-19 infection impact on the trend of seasonal influenza infection? 11 countries and regions, from 2014 to 2020.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Healthcare Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Infection due to the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is widespread dramatically around the world. This COVID-19 pandemic could increase public concern to prevent infectious disease. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the COVID-19 epidemic and decreasing another infectious disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.088DOI Listing

Public Policy to Promote Healthy Cardiovascular Lifestyles in Children.

Can J Cardiol 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Health policy is an important component of prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and promotion of health in childhood and adolescence, when major health behaviours are formed. Development of CVD-related health policy begins with continuous systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data to establish the baseline prevalence of CV risk factors and behaviours. These findings allow identification of problems, initiation of focused research, and development of evidence-based interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2020.02.080DOI Listing

Use of Static Cutoffs of Hypertension to Determine High cIMT in Children and Adolescents: An International Collaboration Study.

Can J Cardiol 2020 Mar 4. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Background: Pediatric hypertension is typically defined as blood pressure ≥ sex-, age-, and height-specific 95th percentile (high) cutoffs. Given the number of strata, there are hundreds of cutoffs for defining elevated and high blood pressure that make it cumbersome to use in clinical practice. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of the static cutoffs for pediatric hypertension (120/80 mm Hg for children and 130/80 mm Hg for adolescents) in determining high carotid intimamedia thickness (cIMT) in children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2020.02.093DOI Listing

Specialty Drugs - A Distinctly American Phenomenon.

N Engl J Med 2020 Jun;382(23):2179-2181

From the Department of Health Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London (H.N.); and the Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (H.N., A.S.K.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1909513DOI Listing

The Type and Amount of Dietary Fat Affect Plasma Factor VIIc, Fibrinogen, and PAI-1 in Healthy Individuals and Individuals at High Cardiovascular Disease Risk: 2 Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Nutr 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Medicine, Irving Center for Clinical Research, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Factor VIIc, fibrinogen, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) are cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and are modulated, in part, by fat type and amount.

Objective: We evaluated fat type and amount on the primary outcomes: factor VIIc, fibrinogen, and PAI-1.

Methods: In the Dietary Effects on Lipoproteins and Thrombogenic Activity (DELTA) Trial, 2 controlled crossover feeding studies evaluated substituting carbohydrate or MUFAs for SFAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxaa137DOI Listing

Association of OPRM1 Functional Coding Variant With Opioid Use Disorder: A Genome-Wide Association Study.

JAMA Psychiatry 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Importance: With the current opioid crisis, it is important to improve understanding of the biological mechanisms of opioid use disorder (OUD).

Objectives: To detect genetic risk variants for OUD and determine genetic correlations and causal association with OUD and other traits.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A genome-wide association study of electronic health record-defined OUD in the Million Veteran Program sample was conducted, comprising 8529 affected European American individuals and 71 200 opioid-exposed European American controls (defined by electronic health record trajectory analysis) and 4032 affected African American individuals and 26 029 opioid-exposed African American controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1206DOI Listing

Corrected analysis of 'Using financial incentives to promote physical activity in American Indian adolescents: A randomized controlled trial' confirms conclusions.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233273. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Indiana University-Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233273PLOS

Latin American interventions in children and adolescents' sedentary behavior: a systematic review.

Rev Saude Publica 2020 1;54:59. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

OBJECTIVE To identify and evaluate the effects of community-based interventions on the sedentary behavior (SB) of Latin American children and adolescents. METHODS A systematic review on community-based trials to reduce and/or control SB in Latin American countries (Prospero: CRD42017072157). Five databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO and Lilacs) and a reference lists were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001977DOI Listing

Major environmental and socioeconomic determinants of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil - a systematic literature review.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2020 1;53:e20190291. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a zoonotic disease with complex transmission cycle. Some environmental and socioeconomic factors are known to be the major determinants of the transmission process, which are involved in configuring the spatiotemporal patterns and thus can be delimiting. However, the relevance of these socioeconomic and environmental determinants is still not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0291-2019DOI Listing

Effect of biceps tenodesis on speed of recovery after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 24;4(2):341-346. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopedics, Holy Cross Orthopedic Research Institute, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.

Background: Concomitant biceps tendon pathology is often present in patients undergoing rotator cuff repair (RCR). Management of biceps pathology has been reported to influence outcomes of RCR; however, the impact on the pace of recovery remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of simultaneous RCR with biceps tenodesis (RCR-BT) on time to achieve maximum improvement and recovery speed for pain and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2019.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256889PMC

Methods for Estimating Wet Bulb Globe Temperature From Remote and Low-Cost Data: A Comparative Study in Central Alabama.

Geohealth 2020 May 21;4(5):e2019GH000231. Epub 2020 May 21.

Division of Preventive Medicine University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham AL USA.

Heat stress is a significant health concern that can lead to illness, injury, and mortality. The wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index is one method for monitoring environmental heat risk. Generally, WBGT is estimated using a heat stress monitor that includes sensors capable of measuring ambient, wet bulb, and black globe temperature, and these measurements are combined to calculate WBGT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GH000231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240860PMC

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding diabetic retinopathy among primary health care physicians in Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia.

J Prev Med Hyg 2020 Mar 2;61(1):E85-E91. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) has been shown to be the third most observed cause of visual loss in Saudi Arabia. In the Al-Hasa region in particular, the prevalence of DR has been shown to be 30%. Primary health centre (PHC) physicians play a central role in the early detection and prevention of DR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2020.61.1.1229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225646PMC

and infections in dairy calves in southern Ethiopia.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2020 Aug 11;10:e00155. Epub 2020 May 11.

Italian National Reference Centre for Toxoplasmosis at Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia A. Mirri, Italy.

and are the most common enteric protozoan parasites causing diarrhea in humans and animals worldwide. This study was conducted with the objectives of estimating prevalence and identifying risk factors for and infections in dairy calves in selected districts of southern Ethiopia. Fecal samples ( = 330) were collected from calves in 92 farms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2020.e00155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256661PMC

Primary Erythromelalgia Complicated by Cellulitis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Am J Med Case Rep 2020 5;8(6):153-158. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.

Background: Erythromelalgia is a rare disease with increasing incidence. It manifests as episodic painful red extremities triggered by heat. External cooling provides temporary symptomatic relief but may lead to complications such as cellulitis. Read More

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"We Are Here to Assist All Individuals Who Need Hospice Services": Hospices' Perspectives on Improving Access and Inclusion for Racial/Ethnic Minorities.

Gerontol Geriatr Med 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2333721420920414. Epub 2020 May 19.

Seattle University, WA, USA.

Racial/ethnic minority populations in the United States are less likely to utilize hospice services nearing their end of life, potentially diminishing their quality of care while also increasing medical costs. Explore the minority hospice utilization gap from the hospice perspective by examining perceived barriers and facilitators as well as practices and policies. Qualitative surveys were conducted with 41 hospices across the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333721420920414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238442PMC

The Femoral Head "Divot" Sign: A Useful Arthroscopic Sign of Hip Microinstability.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 May 7;8(5):2325967120917919. Epub 2020 May 7.

American Hip Institute Research Institute, Des Plaines, Illinois, USA.

Background: A femoral head "divot" is a rare finding during hip arthroscopy. A linear chondral indentation can be observed on the femoral head, just lateral and parallel to the acetabular labrum.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to describe a novel arthroscopic sign and retrospectively review patients with this finding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967120917919DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238801PMC

Pharmacist Interventions in Improving Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among the Underrepresented Population: A Collaborative Ambulatory Care Pharmacy Practice (CAPP) Approach.

Authors:
Mok Thoong Chong

J Res Pharm Pract 2020 Jan-Mar;9(1):3-9. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Department of Clinical and Administrative Sciences, American University of Health Sciences, California, USA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist's interventions through a collaborative ambulatory care pharmacy practice (CAPP) model in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among the underrepresented population.

Methods: Eligible patients were 18 years and older with a diagnosis of T2DM with or without comorbid cardiovascular disease risk factors. Patients were enrolled through routine primary care provider referrals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jrpp.JRPP_19_75DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235450PMC

Arthroscopic Single-Row Superior Capsular Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 May 25;9(5):e675-e681. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Florida Sports Injury & Orthopaedic Institute, Clermont, Florida, U.S.A.

Massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears are challenging to manage. Often, these tears are not amenable to primary repair and necessitate additional treatment options. This is especially true in patients with absent glenohumeral arthritis in the setting of a massive, irreparable rotator cuff tear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2020.01.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253793PMC

WHF IASC Roadmap on Chagas Disease.

Glob Heart 2020 Mar 30;15(1):26. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

School of Medicine, CES University, Medellín, CO.

Background: Chagas Disease is a neglected tropical disease caused by the protozoan , with some of the most serious manifestations affecting the cardiovascular system. It is a chronic, stigmatizing condition, closely associated with poverty and affecting close to 6 million people globally. Although historically the disease was limited to endemic areas of Latin America recent years have seen an increasing global spread. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/gh.484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218776PMC

The Link Between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Dementia: A Review.

Cureus 2020 Apr 27;12(4):e7855. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Internal Medicine, American University of Integrative Sciences School of Medicine, St. Michael, BRB.

Background:  This study explored the relationship between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and dementia. These two diseases are a significant health burden that affects the older population, although they have also manifested in young people to a smaller extent.

Methodology:  The study entailed a detailed literature review of articles on RA and dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7855DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255531PMC

COVID-19 and Renal Failure: Challenges in the Delivery of Renal Replacement Therapy.

J Clin Med Res 2020 May 8;12(5):276-285. Epub 2020 May 8.

Division of Nephrology, Lynchburg Nephrology Physicians, Lynchburg, VA, USA.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), first officially reported in December 2019 in Wuhan City, Hubei province, China, and has since lead to a pandemic. Most cases result in minor symptoms such as cough, fever, sore throat, myalgia, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, loss of smell, and abdominal pain. As of April 8, 2020, more than 1,485,000 cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 200 countries and territories, resulting in over 90,000 deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7239583PMC

A review of mentoring deaf and hard-of-hearing scholars.

Mentor Tutoring 2020 13;28(2):211-228. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Departments of Medicine, Microbiology & Immunology and Pathology, University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642.

Diversification of the scientific workforce usually focuses on recruitment and retention of women and underrepresented racial and ethnic minorities but often overlooks deaf and hard-of hearing (D/HH) persons. Usually classified as a disability group, such persons are often members of their own sociocultural linguistic minority and deserve unique support. For them, access to technical and social information is often hindered by communication- and/or language-centered barriers, but securing and using communication access services is just a start. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13611267.2020.1749350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266163PMC

Updates from the American Society of Hematology 2019 annual meeting: practice-changing studies in treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):e231-e245. Epub 2020 May 1.

McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC.

The 2019 annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology took place 7-10 December in Orlando, Florida. At the meeting, results from key studies in treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukemia (cll) were presented. Of those studies, phase iii oral presentations focused on the efficacy and safety of therapy with inhibitors of Bruton tyrosine kinase (btk) and Bcl-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.6291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253738PMC

Nonsurgical management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: a clinical practice guideline.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):e106-e114. Epub 2020 May 1.

Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON.

Background: Practice guidelines based on a systematic review of the literature regarding the nonsurgical management of hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc) in North America are lacking. Resection and transplantation are the foundations for cure of hcc; however, most patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage, precluding those curative treatments. A number of local or regional therapies are used and are followed by systemic therapy for advanced or progressive disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5891DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253733PMC

Palliative Care for the Asian American Adult Population: A Scoping Review.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2020 Jun 3:1049909120928063. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Health Sciences and Human Services Library, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The Asian American (AA) population is rapidly becoming one of the largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Despite this growth and advances in palliative care (PC) programs in the United States, the scope and nature of the literature regarding PC for AAs remains unclear. This review provides an overview of existing research on PC for AAs, identifies gaps in the research with recommendations for future research and delineates practice implications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049909120928063DOI Listing

A Review and Considerations on Palliative Care Improvements for African Americans With Cancer.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2020 Jun 3:1049909120930205. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Division of Health Equities, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA.

Hospice and Palliative care benefits are infrequently realized by African American patients with cancer. With the increasing recognition of the critical role of early utilization of palliative services for optimal and quality patient care, it is important to acknowledge disparities and barriers to access that minority patients may face. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the status of palliative care delivery for African American patients within the structure and framework of the clinical practice guideline domains established by the National Consensus Project for Palliative Care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049909120930205DOI Listing

"Knowing Well, Being Well: Well-Being Born of Understanding." Introducing a New Open-Access Section for the .

Authors:
Paul E Terry

Am J Health Promot 2020 Jun 3:890117120931632. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

American Journal of Health Promotion, Senior Fellow, The Health Enhancement Research Organization (HERO), Waconia, MN, USA.

A time-honored principle in education is that changes in knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs are precursors to changes in actions or behaviors. Nevertheless, health promotion professionals occasionally hear the bromide that "people know what they're supposed to do, they just don't do it!" What does it mean to know something really well? And when is knowledge influential enough that it affects our very way of being? This editorial introduces a new section for the called "Knowing Well, Being Well: Well-being born of understanding" (KWBW). Premiering in this issue of the journal, KWBW will be led by coeditors Drs Sara Johnson and David Katz, two of the most recognized and respected leaders in health promotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890117120931632DOI Listing

Nitrogen-Containing Bisphosphonates Are Associated With Reduced Risk of Pneumonia in Patients With Hip Fracture.

J Bone Miner Res 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

The objective of this work was to study the risk of pneumonia and pneumonia mortality among patients receiving nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs), non-N-BP anti-osteoporosis medications, and no anti-osteoporosis medications after hip fracture. We studied a historical cohort using a population-wide database. Patients with first hip fracture during 2005-2015 were identified and matched by time-dependent propensity score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.4030DOI Listing

Racial Discrimination, Inflammation, and Chronic Illness Among African American Women at Midlife: Support for the Weathering Perspective.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, 157 IBR Psychology Building, Athens, GA, 30602, USA.

It is widely accepted that socioeconomic status (SES) is a fundamental cause of health inequality. There is evidence, however, that race is also a fundamental cause of disparities in health. Based on this idea, the weathering hypothesis developed by Geronimus and her colleagues views the elevated rates of illness and disability seen among Black Americans as a physiological response to the structural barriers, daily slights, and other threats to identity that comprise the Black experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00786-8DOI Listing

Associations Between Gender, Resiliency Factors, and Anxiety in Neuro-ICU Caregivers: a Prospective Study.

Int J Behav Med 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Integrated Brain Health Clinical and Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, One Bowdoin Square, 1st Floor, Suite 100, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Background: Informal caregivers of patients admitted to the neuroscience intensive care unit (Neuro-ICU) are at risk for developing chronic anxiety. Resiliency factors may reduce risk, yet their differential effects for female and male caregivers have not been studied in this population. We aim to examine interactions between gender and baseline resiliency factors and anxiety at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09907-3DOI Listing

Supply and Demand: Association Between Non-English Language-Speaking First Year Resident Physicians and Areas of Need in the USA.

J Gen Intern Med 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Over 25 million US inhabitants are limited English proficient (LEP). It is unknown whether physicians fluent in non-English languages are training in geographic areas with the highest proportion of LEP people. Diversity of language ability in the physician workforce is an important complement to language assistance services for providing quality care to LEP patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-05935-7DOI Listing

Antiretroviral Adherence, Drug Resistance, and the Impact of Social Determinants of Health in HIV-1 Patients in the US.

AIDS Behav 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC, 1125 Trenton-Harbourton Road, Titusville, NJ, 08560, USA.

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is critical to achieving viral suppression. However, social determinants of health (SDoH) can undermine patient adherence to ART, resulting in drug resistance that compromises future treatment options. We assessed ART adherence and HIV-1 drug resistance at the national and state levels in the US and investigated their associations with SDoH and other HIV-related outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-020-02937-8DOI Listing

Rare anatomic variation on a 10,000-year-old South American skeleton: the case of Iuzu, Toca dos Coqueiros, Piauí State, Brazil.

Surg Radiol Anat 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Departamento da Radiologia, Clínica UDI, CRM 1667, Teresina, Piauí, Brasil.

Purpose: A skeleton named Iuzu has been unearthed from an exceptional middle Holocene burial in Toca dos Coqueiros site, in Serra da Capivara National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site, Piauí State, Brazil). During a bioarchaeological analysis of its remains, we discovered that Iuzu was suffering from rare vertebral malformations. A double foramen transversaria, the agenesis of a foramen on the atlas and the hypoplasia of the transverse process of the axis have been highlighted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-020-02510-xDOI Listing

Significant practice variability exists in the prevention of venous thromboembolism in injured children: results from a joint survey of the Pediatric Trauma Society and the Trauma Center Association of America.

Pediatr Surg Int 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background/purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize current practices to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children and measure adherence to recent joint consensus guidelines from the Pediatric Trauma Society and Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (PTS/EAST).

Methods: An 18-question survey was sent to the membership of PTS and the Trauma Center Association of American. Responses were compared with Chi-square test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-020-04684-2DOI Listing

Invariant Synapse Density and Neuronal Connectivity Scaling in Primate Neocortical Evolution.

Cereb Cortex 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Anthropology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.

Synapses are involved in the communication of information from one neuron to another. However, a systematic analysis of synapse density in the neocortex from a diversity of species is lacking, limiting what can be understood about the evolution of this fundamental aspect of brain structure. To address this, we quantified synapse density in supragranular layers II-III and infragranular layers V-VI from primary visual cortex and inferior temporal cortex in a sample of 25 species of primates, including humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhaa149DOI Listing

Male Use of Pain Medication and Fecundability.

Am J Epidemiol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Pain reliever use has been associated with both lower and higher risks of adverse reproductive outcomes in animals. The sole investigation of male pain reliever use and fertility in humans reported a 35% reduction in fecundability among men with urinary acetaminophen concentrations in the highest (>73.5 ng/ml) vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwaa096DOI Listing

Comparing the Italian and North American prospective registries on penile prosthesis surgery: are there relevant differences in treatment indications and patients' management?

Int J Impot Res 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Ospedale San Raffaele, Vita-Salute University, Milano, Italy.

Previous studies have shown discrepancies among countries in terms of treatment indications and patients' management due to different health care policies. Penile prosthesis implantation (PPI) is a highly effective treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED), which may have different accessibility according to the type of health system. We compared clinical characteristics of patients included in two national registries on PPI to investigate the influence of different health care systems on treatment indication and accessibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41443-020-0318-5DOI Listing